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Gift of 

The Thome Foundation 



STANFORD 
UNIVERSITY 
LIBRARIES 



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tin ll;i PyCCHfl, H'l. H p.Y.Ht.T'E Ha T03I1 BeJIHKaH'b, PJia 

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cua MAjip"CTi. Bh eflHO cpattiieinie, kock. ho CBOfl pofffc 
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npnnoanae KHH3& tfepjjHHaHJta h me hhmumb pyecoipHaH- 
rL aHTHflHHaCTHUH. CKOpo, ofiaae, toh, ct> rop<iemina na 
ctpflneio, :p-h''iBaine ,ra BHflu, <ie KOTenjKH hhctbhkth 
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M T38H rOplPBHHa CKOpO nc'U'HH.Y*, aaill.ri'fO T03H, ItOfiTO 

ia ycfemame, Bt apaTKO BpfeMe nOJiyiH, on. p^rt/rfc na 
KiiHSb <]>epannanaa, eauo areiiTeKO ceaa.'irime B"b Ma- 
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toh nojiRTHHecifi! naMtpjieit (,ivMaia e aa e;i.iia 6poniyp- 
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fffecTeirb aBTOph), Hanofi He SHae, ii.h ioto 6p ypaxs 

i' anumiMiia. Am., aa ce 3Haerue Huero Ha toa uj^ifma 

HSAOethVeCKH, Hit TOH npiMln 1nr.11. mi lilMUpUH II Iia 0TJ1- 
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i gaapawxtfn, ve nctjwa ow» wxchowo ^ohmobI' 

3flpano ■[;! Ofrraee" 

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l;i*Tmut:i|'i'Ki! jtaMjmocTb s r i> KiiaapxHflTa, BT. Lf-apnTpnjn.. 

Ome nu jtpacTH4ecKH dr. HanacsHa ;ipyrn c-ahm pe^oBe. 

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ckh BljCTiinin. — .fipraii'L na h^cthhh KJiyfrb Ha nnpodna- 
ma napmns" 

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tj)u'if.i\ KOiimn 6,y.i)t! n,i, .ir.n -in, r/m.iHii lira:, iiijiii.fim h)n 
*<> ompwam iijiii'ihi ecrmw., 

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'yCCHH, 11 Hit 111.1(1. fpaKTHTTi, KnHTO it CA IlpHBOJKJiaJIll 

nfi-rjiaBBO uai, Hafl-nona'ra iiauia ncTopna, ca 6mjih 

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A 11 1 > 1 1 Toua, MaTppiiajinrf, h aoKyMeHTHTfe, Bi-pxy 

BOfflfO OuirapCKHT'B nySjmatiCTH Tp'fefiBa na ce ocHOBa- 

ti. hi. cnopoaerfe ea aa Pyemia, Maofuf.marfa ca&io He 

> HainaTa, a Hb qyac^aTa iiojniTi-ricnin 11 aeropa^ieefta 

SBTepaTypa. Hiifl ce aaexMe ,na iip'iyu'TaBiiMi.. ej.ua 

ott> rasa (paKTii na (VbJirapCKirra ihth hY.ma nyS-iima. Bi. 

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■jiiTHi. fieacTpacrem. xpoHOJioi-b, a npafiHirt aa i-i/nnaa- 

1 ByjKflHaTa upHTwjecKa ou/bhk;!- Tokl nnfi BhpuiiiMi 

1 canio bo^hmh oTh j,L.jii'a Ha nyfi.iiHUHCTa, hi. h orb 

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3a iii"-:it.;uiiiii HCTOpHieCKHTfe ["t/iii-rnn whfCh on 

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III. I'SIHCiJii.. CaMlt CJI'bfl'b TUlia HCTOpHHTB UpHtMa 

lorn Kayitta tpopwa h oimcBaHtrrb 1'i.nirrnii cTaimn 
laitoHOc'LoupattHH hbjichhh, nonHnnemi na o6m.in t. aaHO 
na pa3BiiTHeTO n na npHHiiuHoirrhTa. Xpoiio-iiTiri. 
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i.SiiTHtiTa, ivvbto ro e nocTaniuia DCTOpHHeeitaTa eB» 
unn, (i ;ia ro paarjrtHBaurfa oTA'bjiiio? Hi. rosa amen- 
i it iii.|.ni,v,ri. Hi'HayiHiirl; noB*i.pxnocTHM ayxose. 

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[cTopiiH .lenm, eflHHi. rpaMafleirb Btrropa^ecKH iparcn.: oc- 
iGowfleHKeTO hh OT r h TypuHH, KoeTO ce n3Bi.praH ct. 
jyccttOTo op.ViHtvie. PyecofpiuiiiTE iiaHaawrt Toan cpaKTL 
OTA"t^HO h B'bSflHraT'b Bi>pxy Hero trbjiata CBOH iio.ihtm- 
BBCtca flOKTpHHH, I li> ijrirL HacTArma MOMeHTa a,a ce na- 
Mi,i:n iic'Liipiih-i/i'L 11 ji,a noKasee hcthhckoto m-bcto h 3Ha- 
leaHe Ha tobh (patm.. 

nocji r fecK.iioHBannc-TO iiaBecTtpajicHna Mirp'bB'b I648r., 
. rtHHJIOMaTHieClfllTB CHOltieHHfl na eBponeflcKHT'fe JThp- 
iKaaa ce iiohbh hoboto aaiajia na UOJlHTBieCKOTO paBiio- 
. Hhkoh fltpntaBa ne Tp'bGBauje jja ctasa no-ro- 
i»a m 110-cnjiHa on. flpyi'H'rfe h fla 3anjiauiBa tpxhoto 
KmecTsyBaHne. 3anjiameHHT$ jrt.pataan BhaersBsSA, 
iii.ifni|ia ce, RoraTo itomexjn — aautoxo tosh npHHuntrt., 
i.ikto n Mi n'iKiril; flpyra, una ana'ifiime caMO, ano aafft 

ISrO CTOBRTb IUHKOBC — H, 3a flfl C[[a3l*T , l. nOJtHTHteCKO- 

i paBHOB r Ecne Bi. Kupona, cniipax.n repHTOpnajiHOTO y- 
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I OTT, T'l',311 JlljpHCaBH, TepHTOpHaJIHOTO pilCTeiUie Iia 
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OeciioHOHTe.THii pasii'BpH 3a aauujuia EBpona. Eto 
> nucjibuimra, npn in.pHiiM cjiyiafi na ejurci Bsauiiuo 
i.rjiacnf, otboph aofina Ha Pyram, B'i. [854 I 55 a (S 
ivin, i.iito B3e eainaTa Typmui nojT, cboh oOma aa- 
t.'ia, a eRponencKHT'tj ;n>pjKaBH a cTaHaxffi oopiKSitTe- 
[, 4p-fe3i. na|in)Ki;i[a Tpiuiian. in, 1858, aa irbaOKybHO- 
■l.ra na iieflaaTa Tcpirropun. 1'yecnfl, OCFBHtKaTO n^iyua 
la'ieHiic-io ch Ha Hctokt., n'i» ome H3ry6n a ycTHflra Ha 
HO'buie TJiaciiATa 3:mu BecapaCaa, kohto PyMA- 
? ch no.iyHii iia3a;n>. Pycciin "mt> natyfiit 11 npaBOTO ji,a 
iKit Boi'iiiia (paoTa hi HepHO-MOpe h m-KJiio'iHTejiuaTa 
iHjienm — ihii.'td npliMHH* Btpxy aca'iKHTfe eBpoiiefiCKH 
in— ,ia noitpoBHTPJiuTByBa xpncTnan(?Tli. bi. Typnnfl. 



TtSfl l"I,f}nTHH HO BOHtOXA JM CnpATi I'L'Tui'THi-'ll- 

KOTO L"ipeM.']fHHii Hit PyccHfl iri.Mi. Boctpopa u, iji'U;i.i. 
KflTO CG cbB3e orb nopaMeHueTO ch, th othobo ikuiicjiii 

^fl Iipoai.JIlKaBil npliKili'CHJKTOTO B'L KpitM'l. KfejIG, (VhIiif'I. 
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h'pHM't., aa Ha^fee othobo Ha yeTHHTO Ha hojihhh Hy- 

llaB'b H ^.a TipHa06He H'l.pBOTO Cll BJIHHHHe BT. 'IepilO 

nope, au U,apnrpaA'b » iia tkioiti. B'Lo6m,e. 

f!i, i;ai;i. r[>i/i\r.i\\]r tobu n<\ CTaHe? PyccjM lie 
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ll|]'l.J]4H t'JlHa HOBil PBpOneHUKa l(un;iimHH, , l,;l>K.', ai.'O 

th OTBopime BoflHa Ha TypUHa, 6e:n. ;ia cpsmite ua 

HATH CH eBpODt!.'i(;KH HtlfiCKH II H3J]'E3'BlUe nofrBAHTCJIKa, 
Ha TilKT.B3H eflMHt KOHI'peC'L, ItllTO Eep.'IHHCISUH, lU'LXK 

aa h OTHOMirrL no rojrBMaTa 'iiicrb on, iip'kH3eTin"l3 noun. 
Eto flBB apryneHTH, — Af> hi? i-obophm-i. an apyni, — 

KOHTO QOKaBBaTb Hf ej.HHrTBI?HHHl"iT'b (ITBIipeHT. BATh 

aa PyccHH 6'Eiue ea.nu uci<>n<>tiiuit<:nv< ooituu. flocji'BAiHi'ra 

Hil llill'i Mil.'IKC. H'.> HCKJIJOHBa JlOlllli Hi! M l.|n Mill! Oil. CTpaiia 

Ha PyccHfl. Th lie Moacenie nu aaeMe HaupaBo xypCKarfe 
npoBiiHiufH ii aarOBa npufilirHff. afl epni cpi^em. n*Ti>: 

ofipi.ina lia"i !iailp'l'..VI. T'BSH IIpoBIIlMT.1111 HI. IIO.'iyHi'3aBll- 
CHMH KHHMCff'.THa H III OTBapjl, ip'fea'l. OfiaHHHI'TO, KO6T0 

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HOKenie aa ci' BBflH, 3.0 naTO lie paar.icjiaxMt' Tft3« Boftna, 

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~~ L-1IH, II — CT> pyCCKHTB ufiinH CTpt'HJIL-HHH. 

Me me rbMH-BHHe, ne oCBOfioAMTt-jmaTa Bofliia H3- 
ia, [Mi.1.1. nofloOtta cbDocTaBrntae Ha HeTopBReeKHT* 

.GlITHfl, MHOrtl OT'l. eBOHTB U-BJIHOCTI. H oOaHTi-'.JHu i.'l'.ii- 

nie ii ce t'Boai.na ii-LHi. nafi-ofiui;nOBi'HHaTa 11 lyjirap- 
i".nia Boflna, ajia TOJiuoea 110 3tI; 3a T-bati, 
'inn niKari. jia WHB-libY.i'i. caMO i"h luuiioaiiii 11 ia 1 11 
ri.piKin'i. y apyrwrH. PaaoiapOBaHHeTO, Koexo yrb- 
inri. Ti.;iii iJH'Tiiiiiin'TH, koi'hto HcTopHtecKaTa cupaBHa 
6ftpfl ['i-ftiirinira oi"L BHCOKHH iiHi.n.'i'iM.'ii., i.il.rn ni 
HfirTaiiHJi'i. HMni.p\-|iOi.'iiiHHTL;i.y\'i, 11a QOABTHKaaa, 11:1- 



Mil' 
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iombh |m3o«ia|>OBiimic"io mi ;[mbhkh. koi'sito yaaae, >it 

UlOJffiTi, •' KOHTO CH e OIl.TI. leJIOTO II HB KOHTO V H|iO- 

HBUflT) ropemn clji3h t cs 6e3>KH3neHH rjiHHeaa upl; .i.ur-ni 
Hci'iiiia e, <iQ tosh, koAto yin npaBOcaaBHHH a*- 
yi.viiii.. iniCJifeAOBaTejib Ha ApacTOTejiH, Sean. aa nuae 
ie 3eMHTa hp ctgh Ha ejsjm wbcto, qe to ce B-bpTH 
oiio.in 1'jn.nii.eTo h >ie ta e eaua HumoiKHa ruiaHeTa uesjq 
Miiororo Apyi'H, iio-i'oji'liMii iLjaHorii aa rjuHqeBara c* 
Arena, — He w,e ei.MiihHiif, ie rot me Bseee eityrb bt> 
tuhoto ctSHaHHe, qe toh me Hapynui taiioto eiio- 
ScTBue mii ayxa my. Caiqo n.fi tosh, iioOto sdhbhbo 

'1H OH:sii HCTOplCjeCKH 0BKTT., B'bCXBaJIHB'b BT, 
H bj>i;Hli'l I. II HCTOpHHT'fe, Hi. Mil .iH.I'IfHHeTU, KOeTO 

npnniicBarb. koStu eijGapfl hjojihtb h lyna uaraieeKaTfe 

(jieiiepii, pacnpicBa 3afwiy)KaennHTa u H.ijnoaiiHTa, 
on me ce iiarbitHe hh rjiyiiaBaTa HHepTHocn. ua ne- 
i iiiMviiiiini; M sacTap'BJiH ywoBe. hh uminpiHluiinii npiffl- 
w'LMAiu, in. ... an iKUB'be KCTHHara! II in.uphiui bcm'iko 
■ana QCTnna paeie: th e jmed. ;iiffr.t;in, yTpTB m< erase 
ie ii et I'Boinl; jishm me npOHHJKii aefie-'mrfe iiaae- 

lia HeB'BlKL'CTBOTO II 1 1 J ■■ ti.l ] i I 3C I A F.1I.H Til II me 038pH 

iiiHiU'Tu Ha u;ipo;i.;i. 
Ome ,i.B'l! .1.V.M11. (loA'b Pyecza hum paafiiipaiie: 
'cckoto npannTe.iicTBo, pyccita-ra AnnjiuMsinn". e»> eflaa 
,yjna — LupHunajiiia Pyccsn. Ome orb BptjceTO na Tep- 
nia Ce aaae, qe u.ua anh panjummi PyccHH. Orb eflHa 

|i.iHa MjiaBllTlVICTBOTO, a.BOpflHCTBOTO 11 IKipuaillll't; HO- 

K'liimii, orb apyra cipana ■ napoan n uerOBHrfc aa- 
[THHuii. Pycciiiiflrh napoat npaH TeatKOTO bto Ha 
■woa'bpMtaHiiHH pentHin.. Tofi iilisia bojih — TOft ICBMa 
cb. II ai;o nun tniiiaflaMe pyccitara annjiojiamjtf, iiaft 
CSHO ie He Hanaaaxe pyccKaa aapofl'b, H'b OTMti 
He ii as in i". BcH'iKH aeMOiipaTii B'b cB^Ta, a oco&hci 
■(.'Kurt:, cxi aaaiiTepeeyBaHU h'i. naflannoTo hb py<!i i.iui 
TOKpaTii'iermi aafuianiiiTejieH i. pewiiMi.. 

Ha CBtpiiniaHne nm"i HCKame aa np-bflynp*anjni 
i.i :i;iiV|!.i I . .- 1 «- i .- . = . i.ofiTo, iiiiB'hpnu, mi.' an ce iiaiipaBn. 
lUii Mini Ibii-iiVFMJH' II.Ht-l. in Finn Kniilliii: ilnll.i.H.llllil 

itiibi. Pyci/HJi? Aiir.imi, Ain.rpHii a up. He uacjiym- 

Jin r.Y.iiiirrl; yitnpti ? 



T'fc3H ri.oiiTHii ho MOffleSJH JW cnp.hri. ecTecTaeH- 
iiiiiu i rpcM.iiiuii- ua I'vcimiji in.jri. Boctpopa n, i-.rl;..u. 

ROTO CC CbBSC (ITT, IIilpflHit'lilleTO CH, TH OTHOBO IKMUCIH 

A-T npoa'bJiataBa opijKA&HAToro BT, KpiiMi. jvB.ro. f >rn l.n i. 
To Be, th Tp'fc6Bamc /ia otm'lcth 3a nopruKiMiHO'iTi hi, 
KpriMi., jia BSAise othobo ha ycraHTa Ha sooHRfl Hy- 
hubtj i! j,a npnjioCwe ui.pBOTO ni BJiHHHHe bt. Tepno 
Mope, Bi. Hapiirpaai. 11 11a Heroin. BboBme. 

H-L KaKT> Tptfiftame mm jia crane? l-'yr.cnn gfl 
Hoaceme ,i,a bojw i-'iiin 'iih-th sasoesateBHa eoflHa npo- 
niin. TypiiiiH, 3aiiro'ro cptmy new. iirhjiie othobo aa ce 
oiit.jihh ejiHa HOBa eiiponeficKa KoajiimHa. /la ate, hko 
th oTBop-liuie BoftHa Ha Typunn, (Sea* aa cp'tmia- 1 
DA.TS ch eBpone,"tKH boAckh 11 ir-t.Tki'fiinc iu»vj;;i.ine. i ii 

Ha TRK1.B3B eflBH'h KOHrpeC'b, K3T0 Eep/IHHCKIJJI, m'tXA. 

ua 11 OTHeinan. no ro.TBMaTa iacTb ott. npliBaeTH'rl; aeiiiJ. 
Eto jibb aj,ryneHTii, — aa He roBopiinri, bb ipym, 

IfOIITO nOKiiaBiVr'h He I'.TUH'ITBIHIHIlilT'I. OTBOpeHI. IJ*Tb 

3a PyecHa 6 r Biue cfltia ociouoihiiiicinn ho/'iiui. llocjikaHHTa 
mi n.ui MajiKG He HGKJiOTBa jiciiuh HiiMbpeiiiifi ofb crpaHa 
Ha Pyccna. Th He uoateme aa Baeue HinipaBo TypcKHrfe 

UPOBEHKHH II aaTOBa npil6'BlHS.aO eaHH'b Cp'fe^eH'L IIKTb! 

ofiptuia aa3 Hanp-l;,'!.!. vUau upoBrcHnim B'b nojiyHfaaBH- 
uhmh KHflwecTBa 11 en oTBapfl, iptai. oOaHHaero, noeTo 
e Biiecjia TaM'b, nATb 3a not-rbneiiHOTO hmt> 11 HeyctiTiio 

B1)BJlH4ailhO B'b CBOHTa IIO.'IHTIi'leCKa 0|ll"lllTil. E'l'O HCTHH- 

1 i;iiiii 1. CMHCT.J11. 11a ocBofioaarejiHaTa Bofiiia, nb toA He 
MOiHi'iiic an ce uii;iii, HP icaro lie pa3r,'ioaa\M(' man miAnn, 
mi, ' iijii,3Ka c - b lipliaaumaTa Hp'i.MCKa, njiotiiacTaa aa 

PycCHH, If— CT. pVCCKHTB ufilUH C'i'peH.'leHHH. 

He mi.' ("bMH'laHic. 'ic <ii'nu6i];i.iire.iiiaia BoftHa B3- 
cyfiBa, cji'l;;ib nofloGHo cbUocTSBflflHe oa HCTOpB»ieCK(Wt 
n,6nTHH, MHoro iiti, cBOATa hI.'iuch Ti, a ofi&frrejiao a'fen- 
TTBue ii ce CBOataa kt,m-j. Hafi-o6iiKHOB<?HHaTti 11 Byarap- 
ita aaBocaaTejma boh Ha, ajia TOJtKoaa no b.tIi 3a rhW) 
KOHTO iiL'i.-ari. aa jkhb-bwvi'T. cnun Cfa HJUlloailH 11 ,ia ni 
1 M.l 1 piKaTb j i.jiyi'iirl;. PaaoiapOBaHHeTo, KOero yirb- 
ma'n. rt;3ii ijieTHUJiHTH, KOi'aro HCTOpn^euica -ni cnpaBRa 
i 1 t.r'iiji:i iT.OlirnilTa ott. bhcokhh UHeaeCTBiTb, IVllriO I'M 
8 HH<n'iiBHJl'LnoB'i.p!iiiocTHHTn''bay\b Ha iiojiUTHKana, 11a- 



MUMHII p;i:jQ'i;i|H)ll;iMlk"fO ua jJ,HBaKtl, KOI'ilTii ySHiic, 'ir 

Hft<uiHTb, ii kohtO en c 6mri. lejioTO « Ha kohto e npo- 

niHii.TL ropemn C1J.I3H, ca 6e3)KH3iienn rjiuiieaH np1;;iw»_-rn. 

1 1 « 1 1 1 l iii l*. 'il- mm. kohto yin npsEOCJiaBHHfl b(> 

pyuum>, [nicrtvinHivrwiL. ua ApHCTOtejiH, Seat ua BHae 

TORE), Me SOMHTa HI? CTOH Ha eflHO M'BCTI), >ie TH CO trhpTH 

•iki.i.'ih cjrbHiieTo H ^e Tfi e eajia HiimoiKHa luiaHera MejKay 
MnoroTo apyni, no-rojiBMH tujaueTB Ha exbatevaTa cb- 
— hi.' me rLMHtniie, 'h.' ritii me BHece euyrh at 
aepOBOTO etBHaHwe, qe xofl me HapyuiH tahoto cno- 
KOfiCTBHe i la ;iyxa my, I'.Y.mo n.fl to8», kohto aanBHBa, 

'!'.' T08H 11.111 OIMII lU-riijUI'iri'lill (jiaKTb, B'tCXBaJIfiHT. BT> 
IlLpKHUI'l; 11 HCTOpBHT"B, H'BMil HHa^eHHeTO, KOe'1'0 «y 
M|illiimu:iT'K. KOBTO C'b6apH HflOJlllTB H qyna uarnieeKHTB 
((n'lifpn, pacnp-LCBa 3a6/iy)KAeHHHTa h n.'jJiioanHTM, — 
rofl me ce iiai'LitHe n;i rJiyuaBara HHepTHOCTfc aa ne- 
lOilBiuKHiiT-B ii na<Tapl;Jin yiniiBO. tip aai.i'pi'H'fiJinTb' iipl;.|- 
in3i."bjT"tu», in. ... aa jkhbIsr HCTHHJvra! II ai.iip'BKn bchiko 
i HCTHna pacre: th e aiteci. ae'feaaa, yrp'fe me CTaHe 
me h ci. cbohtI; JUK.1U me npOHHJSH fle6ejiHrt anao 
: ua neB'biKcu'1 botu ii i i [ > t-;i | ii aci . A'bim Tb h me oaapH 
.suamirm ;i,i napofla. 

Ome AB-I; .'ivmh. FIoflT. Pya-na niiii pasi'uipaino: 
pyi^cKOTo npannTe.']("i'Rfi, pyrctiaTa autwMaruui, i-i. c.i.iia 
i — otpHunajina PyccHH, Omr- ott. BptMeTO Ha Tep- 
i ce BHae, te i-uia anli paajiHHHH Pyccaa. Qrfc eftao 
"I'luma upaBHTejicTBiiro, abophhctboto b HapuaHHrfe no- 
iii'iiiiiui. nn. apyra i-Tpana - Bapona a Heroanrfe 3R- 
ithhuh. PycCKHftn. anpoat TL,|>im TejHKOTO nro ua 
:aHoa't>p5KauiiHH peafHiti.. Toll h-bmh bujih — too h'emsi 
lam.. H ami huh Hanaaaite pyeeicaTD ;iiiiuioMaii.nn, nun 
■ ctUlfl 'if He Hana,i.aJie pyci;icnn Hapojn., hi. oth^cth- 
jaae B bb Hero. Bi'ii'iiiii aeiiOKparii B'b ca^BTa, a ocoftuo 
lymwri;, c* 3an!iTepecyiiaiin in. iiaaaiwcTO ua pyccrtHfl 
iBTOKpaTH'ieci;ii r-jnii.nii MinrtMiru i. pejKHin,. 

Ha i'B'i,[>iiiiian[|i' hiiFi HCKaMc ua np-Bayiipliii.HM-h 
atKa. KOHTO, HaB'BpHii, iii.f (iii ce HaiipaBM. 
lanin null HacDlBime naA-r iubho HaillHTii naiia,i«'iinn 
. PyecHD? A.H1VIHH, Ahctphh h up. ho aiuyiyiB- 
BTT) -in I'ArauTls yiinpii '.' 



- 10 - 
Ila Bctrutfl-fe hut, cBpoiieflcitfira npecca, — a Taint 

HMl'HHO TOBiL Cll HMil irfeCTOTO, — rfl'ETO HHfi (.Mil' IIMaill 

I'.'iyinii Ha iiiiiiHin.. mift cue ocAMAa,™ 6e3qoBiqnOTG 
h c*mL'F3pii>ieHHo rjiynaBo noBPjieHite Ha eBpone'cKUrfe 

AtpHtilBH NO lICTO'llllin BtnpOCT., B"L MH1M.10TO II BTi Ha- 

CTOflmeTO. Ako mowoxmp 3a Bjrteeirt bl qoapoohoctk, 
unfl uvfextte aa hocohum-l xym> nn ct.u-ihi, neiaraHH b>. 
GepjiiiHCKBfl V n r w a r I z, m, DapaatCKHH La Petite 
llppul) 1 iq 11 p. BtinyTrapjicKOTO cKHcauHe Die Wnr 
Zeit, rjVBro cmp. ii3Jiarajin tB3h namn bhijjhaobp. 06aie, 
TOBa e H3JIHUIHO, no npocrara itpHinna ie ht>mm y uari. 
e/inin. ny6;iHliiicri., KOfiro ;ia B-fepBa bi. tiCKpemiOTo 
pacno-nomcHHe Ha eBponeftci«rrfs awuioMaTH ki.mi, wan. 
hjjh KtMT) koBto h #a e cna6i, unpofl'b. 06a'!e, mo ce 
OTHaCH no pyccKaTa AnojioMauHH, mho3hho ome Bi>p- 

BftTT. B'b He.lllHT'B flOCpH II IlPKpt'HHIl H8M T BpfiHHH. 3<1T0Ba 

11 HamaTa KHHra e nocBPTPHa Ha nocJliABHTa. 

OfiffBH'i. TOBa, 1111ft cw'BraMc, 'if onacHOCTbTa, KOflrtfl 
Hfle ott> PycciiR, e mhoio no rojil-ijia h no 6jinai>a ot- 
kojikoto BcljKii ejuaa apyra B'l.HKaiiiira onacHocn.. Ri.npl;- 
i!ii TOBa BcisKofl Jiff.Tb, Kora'ro, st tp'iphiipto sa paeKasa 
nonnaflHATB noji'L. ncpoTO hh, fl-tsflcTBHflTa na apyra jihnjio- 

MaUJIH, OCffliHT. pyCCKaTB, Hllfl He m 1 ' ''I' CI[,T,Ill!M'l, yKOJIHI-h. 

OmocHTejiBO iictoihhd.htb, on. kohto e«e lepnajm, 

hmhuiho p fla robopHM'i. bi, nptaroaopa, samnTO aa Toss 
iqe npaBHM'i. 6"Bjtbjbkh cBoeflp'fejieHHO, bt. TeqeHaeTO Eta 
pacKaaa, 1II.0 iiompncm'l caMO, ie hohth bchhkittt. iiamn 
. ].;« i hi n nun cmp nepnajiH <vn. in.]iiiii ]>.v,i,-;i. OcTaBa hb 
Haimrris mpothbhhiih ;i.a npfeflCTaBSTb a t-b chow 
KaaarcicTEa 11 yMosaKjnoteiiHJi, ci. kohto ,ia ofiopi&rb ua* 
niiiT'l;. Haft He caMO qe pi. cnoitoftCTBHe OHSKBSHe earn 
noinAiia nojteidHKa, hi. ny6;]HHHO 11 BHCOKO i,v, npli- 
IKBOMe, l.-!li'" or'illBflBaMC, HP HPflllOTO M3ti1u-Batine OTb 
cTpiina Ha hbuihtb npoTHBHHqa me 6,\, [-■ BHaK-b ua wia- 
SocTt.. On, eflna .ionajina 11 cepnoatia no^eMHaa me cne* 
'i<'.ii,\.i"i. BCMiita, a nan ueie HCTHHaT.i. Het» cMe una a a 

EHiUHHO uptiji'i. 1iii.11, kstq TypnxMe Ra qeao aa 
n iip'B,'[roin.ipi., i)Minr. aa noeTa, n. kohto h aa- 
BaCP; J'HKiviilHa. no Bene 1 'i;I.t.imh;i !" 
,1,-pi, B, r. PuKtimi.-ii 



^ 



BCTyOTJIEHHE 

ATptlUHa PyCCHH. 



PyccKHfiTL pe»CHMi> h BJiuHHaero HaiaTapcKOTo BJiaAH l iecTBO, — IJape- 

ydHficTBaTa.— Po^HTa Ha IleTpa BejiHKH. — MaTepuajiHHrfe h MopiuiiiH 

chjih Ha PyccHfl - HaM'fepeHHflTa Ha IleTpa BejiHKH. 



#0 IleTpa BejiHKH, Pycciifl MHHaBaine 3a eAHa, Ha- 
n'bJiHO BapBapcKa h a3HATCKa CTpaHa. HefiHoro HMe pisA- 
ko AOXOJKAaine ao eBponeficKurfe 3anaAHH Kp^roBe. Ca- 
MaTa PyccHH 6i5ine 3ApaBO 3aTBopeHa 3a HecKpoMHOTO 
eBponefiCKO oko, a ci&usp h EBpona 6-feme, no BOJinra 
Ha pycKHH ijapb, neAOcr^nHa 3a pyccKHrfe xopa. „H Ha 
MocKOBijHrfc, Ka3Ba ce bt> e^HO napcKO pacnopeHCAaHHe 
orb AjieKcfefl MHxaHJioBHq-b (1676 — 1682), ocbIsftl Ha 
r!*3H, kohto ce Hcnpamarb Cb napcKH yKa3T> hjih 3a 
rbproBHH cb HyHfAeHimrfe, 3a HHKaKBa pa6oTa He ce 
no3BOJiflBa Aa niRTyBarb" ') Hoctohhhht13 np'feAJiOHceHun 
11a eBponeiicKHT'fe BnaA'bTejiMAa Bjrfcaarb wh peAOBHH ah- 
miOMaTHHecKH CHOiuenHn, qpteb HapoHHo ncnpaTeHH noc- 
jiamiHijH, 6hjih OTXB'bpjieHH. Ha eioao6ho caho npi5A.no- 
HceHiae orb CTpaHa Ha BpanAeH6yprcKHH Kyp(|)}opcn>, 
Hacji'^AHHK'bT'b Ha rop'fenoMeHaTHH u;apb, TeoAop'b Ajien- 
cfeeBHHb OTroBopnji'b: „Hhto HeroBHftrb nocjiaHHHK'i. Tym* 
HMa pa6(>Ta, hhto pyccKHfirb Taarb — h whna nyacAa on> 
oco6hh npaTemiHUH 3a noATBi.pAflBaHHe h noAHOBABaHHe 
Ha CTapo npHHTejiCTBo" l ) 

He e TpyAHO Aa ch npl^ACTaBH qoBlsK/b, kukbo 
BATp'feuiHO ynpaBJieH.ie c&. iipi^AnoJiarajiH hoaoChh BbH- 



*) <J>. MapTeHc r b. CoBpeMeHHoe &ie>KAyiiapo,'iHoe npaao uhbmjih- 
30BaHHtixT> HapoAOBi*. Ct. lleTepc6ypn» 1887. t 1. r.Tp. 99. 

*) Yb. t. II. CTp. 19. 



- 12 - 

Hainan OTHomeHHH. FocnoACTBOTO Ha raTaperfe hi. Pyc 
CHfl fihiiK- oi'TaBii.'io HesaJiiiinHH crlun. PynKini 
Hapbe npnoxffi hadtwiho — crriacTB rb 6bx* n 
nanp'fea'!' TriKiiBLi - uapBapcKiiT-fe 11 flGcnoTHneeKH np;mn 
Hit TatopcKHTt xaaose, CaLtu;eTX) HeaaintaHHG ua ■iciirbni- 
KfiTQ MLcrt, ii wHBon.1 carnara CBBpfeiocn. a otcjbS* 

CTBHt! Hi! KyjlTypilli lepTH, KOHTO flilBart. Mil HllB*BUH(H'rb 

OTHGUieniifr eflHHi. no min,, eB,.oneficun oGpaai.. HyjKHO 
jih e Aa HanoMHflwe Tyro. CTpaoiaaTa ijmrypa na HsaMfl IV, 
HapeneH'b ,rp(WHnB", boAto vGh cb'Jh cofScTBeHt cum., 
yGii oau.e cl rbchtrk, ctothhb h xiijihji.ii HP3HHHH xopLi, 
MeiKjy kohto h MiiTponoJiHnt •Smianmi, aa ,ia nacHTH 

Kp'LBOHtaAHaTJi CH CBlipClia npHpOfla? ') iJlllUlCTHHTa Ha 

PmpiiKOBUHT'li ee craping ct Teoflopx Bopucosma, n"b 
yfinficTBaTa, OTpaBHHHBTa h QflyinaBaHflBTa iipoA'WiHfnBa 
XjR. PoManrmmrii'.. sa na ceAHJR'i"b na np'bi'TOJia, Tp r b6Bniiie 
jia wi]h,v,ti> no TpyiiOBerfe an flmuiTpBH, aaiWHHMH 11a- 

CJl'BAHHK'l., DO TfeH Ha Boj.IICl, fOAyHOBa 11 CKHfl My n 
ll'l TpYlliilli-li; Hfl 011(6 'IclllpMII JIjKl'AltMHVpMl'RUH. Eita- 

repHHn II, HapeieBii .BeJiHKa", iypn Rpafi ss aeorctme* 

.i PoHiiHOBHii - Aaeuimrrii PnniaitonriH v/f. tjioibii Cairo no 
i .laAyniii ct p.T.U'b*i"!i na juo6ubhhqhtb <n 6pa- 

I OpJIOBH, llni 'ji-tiAHUH TEXeifb lip'BflCTaBHTeAb II CKOH 

rfScTBem. HAUKb I lerpn 111. B'b Haeji-BAHHKa hb Ki.an-|u[- 
, 01*b HraaifOHHO'l'U li CI.JKHTI'JIUTBO C'fc HH. .i.llMUTl nui 
j.tobb, riae.ia I ce tipOHBH othobo CBitp-brina n CTpsraeBT. 
ipaaa, hii llBaHu Ppoami. naaejrb yMp"B, cayuieirb orb 
ipHHt'piiT'b ii tn> i-'T.yqacTiieTO na cbho cooetBem. ,aeyrfe- 
' ciiHb A.neiicaHApa I. Hhkojisui I, n'i- Fd'irciTo cc- poah 
me BeAHi-acb [IaeeJni, orpoaa ce cawb gfi ee cuacH on 
, KofiTd ro DiaHsanie. Tp^fisa na upin'Mmiu i, oute, 
■ EttarepHHa yfi« tlsaas Ahtohobhwi, kqbto ce eiara- 

taitOHHIIH IIIH'.:il: I.III1LI. II; I UMlK'p ;IT| illtm il Ahh;1 

iiiHOBna, a ll'-i i>i» Be .u-u.-ii np^saxH* coficTSeHHHa ea 

ruin,, ll;ir.rt;Alll1l.a AjieKCfefl. HOHCbTb, OTDOBaTa, BAJKei'O 

— ero iu'|>H6yTtn"b na pyccKaa iipbcTOJiii. Ho (ppeHcwa- 



•) L. Tikbomii-O' 
, 1888. r. im. 



i noroBOpKa. Pyccwi e p-aiio t-aiiofl'bpHtaflHf, orpamise- 
rsoTO (l'auocratie temper^ 
Hi. H3i> Tfi3n rpyna uapte, kohto cjk ■ 

finh.i.111 vr'nirn. liuOl.l.'B.i pej]fle4>HO .(.HI > 1-:l i,i RD 

■i|m Bt'jmKH. To3 frbme, pasGupa ue npfefla BCBftto 
.■ -li'ii h line ii|'l:iirCi|itu : : m i l i ' ■ i , |'l..i<:Tiinr;i na 

KHITt ll]i'tUURi/TI(''HHH101, III, BT. C*meTO Bp'bHO to.1 n IIO- 
;il;ll Hfl pyCCKftTa ii.pSKaHH HiiRll MM UCIll. IK_'UI..IHrtlHC- 
KOHTCI ruiB.UH'HA PjCCMH, SKO HC HO R,T.T|> I ■ (1 MH )- 

ynpaB;n-HHt. to none no Bi.HuaiiiHO'rn h 3Ha4C* 

eahja Ha utpBOKJiaccHarfe eBpoueflcufl 1 1 -i- 

. Ome uusete •!>.' niRdin. Hyxtaara, KOftTO | 

.in, TOBa, pyccKara jn.pHtaBa pacoojiaraiue ome i pfc 

,>.i|i1. hi. iipajiaiii ii el, 6jiaronpHHTHH >■ ■. in- 

i BT.HT., Meamy eBponeftcKHrt A'tpstasji. 

riofl't cp-wlciHiia hiiii lie paufiilpaMc imparl:, BftmOTQ 
"B;i e Hafl in. iliMitT.'i .uirica wa Pyccna. HoBeieTO cbom 
i 3ann;vH Pyccas bojvehjc- Ha 'ivatjiH paaflocKH, 

''lift, HaiipilM'fepT,, 3a BOII'IKHT'I; CH BOflHH OpOTHBTb 4>pA6- 

,iia PycCHfl nOJiyHaBaiite < y6<ii;i.iin oi i Aur.iitn. A in. 
iHnuTt: ca Ha Mctokt. ucfeKora HaB-i'ojrfeiia np't'iitn 
liiBnii-n.-TBOTO t yrkmajio bi. HeAOCTiVrfeKa h:i liapil, 
To e 6hjio npHuyACHO ,ia upiifrbrBa ao ncnymauHeTO na 
ihhihb napii. IH rfc, koto lie frbx* rapaiiTHpami rh 
.o-rffBTCTny^uiiui Heia^HiecKHfi aanacb, ua;i.a\A\ no k»- 

- on. inniniiajinaxa ch n-EHa. PyfwiurB, Hiu&Aei n 

iiepHHii' Bb I764r., najmftXA B r i. Haiajiora rtn fobs' 

liTlll' SO 2.J KOII'titlKil DJlilTHH, T. B leTHpH ll.VHI Mu 

■ ott. ni.pBOHaia.iiiar;! cm CToflnocT^ 1 ). ToBa Millie 

jia ori, npniHHHrfe aa EKaTepima na ckji H Miip'i. 

. IlopTaia c.rl.ai. I'jiBa 'i emperor h in Ha iiorVk/vonocua 
, Haejuio ei. aBcTpiniiiiirli. (17*17 — ] 701), 6e3"i. ita 
iTHi-iie r.uauHaTa en uk'n, anuoL-uanii'.'Toiia LI,apHrpaA*fc. 

! njK'Cb. BT,llp'liliII 110 rOJl-BMOTO CH IIKOHI.ISIH'HVUU | ■ : 1 : t- 

. Bb i|iiiiiaii('oHo oTHOiueiiHe pyccKaTa fliipwaBa Bce> 



"ppuenn 1 1 W57 — 
Etat? 



'JHeeren, Manuel Historique du Systeroe politiqi 
umiu., Bruxellises 1834, III, b. 88, 



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/• ■ i'li'-i:-:. neT'^ji, 

* / ■■.'•'' " ; "- : ■■"--■ ~- c* ■ 

■ .- / ■ /;■'- / ..Ti^Tiiqeciai 

.;/ /. ..- ;*.:).*■: H? Hep- 

' j. ■/ •■ I '.!:•/ /;:. >,>. .:-. :i; ot- 



it Is. ' / > ' . '/ ', J';' ' !•;<;■{, jtri'/TBHJ? 
■ i.." ' .' ... j ; ■ . jjj/1.,.m< n, \ih H^A-r.iaB- 
n. ji-« i'/ •/,-.' .i \. .:'.:. :ir/.' m :wi<jhi\ TVfTK 
iti- is* j /mij< Mil* j«i. .j.j il/i ji< nr i',',\A<nyuAH<: hhiijo. 

ll* \ n JJ.J' Jill' J«; 'II HUM JJK 11'/' m U1WJ, M' 'J'.JF/'IMTCr.lHO Ha 

|jy" j jjjJ. /rl.u< tuhji Mi* iJ;iii;i;iu;i Im;|joji;j n:*o6mo, a 

'!•!< UK/ IHi llllMUMJI 11 HoJiJiJ... Hi. ll]il,,IH ll'MMIfOIHe OTBO- 
JUJM J. tjllij AJiUjJtji llil|lil|i'J'(r.fil, yi.il UIJJIIIH'M'I. OjiA.^Mll-TO, KOO" 

in th*mn lli'rijn* hi. frijifrrm cm n. •iy a #i(;i l M'i , l> "inHcaBH. 



PyccicaTa flnn/iOMau,HH 



h;i 'iviiriivi j. mm n; iTii iin.T.ieriiH npii lierpa BejiHKH. — 
pyecKSTa aiiB-iMauHH. — XnpiiKTepa Ha pyecHHa n 
iTa. — flu-feTB rjiABHH re'iemiH wcp ly.'i. pyrriiiirl; ;uin.Tona 
miT-B '1t.[ith mi R'bKOH pyccKii awi-iomhth. — HoAityuyEaiiHe 
mi areBTH. — Pyccua inniiriHu. — HaM-fecaia m> B.sTpliimiirrl: 
«a Jipynn-b ffLpHianii. — 3a aa ce Haniirtte Fycciui, Eh- 
pliOaa aa ce iip-Eo6i,pHe rn, paBBaaaH§ (MH'hHHe h 
feoitB an dj! 'i Man.] — CaaaTS aa pycw 



Taau ojiraHHUi'iuHH, kohto e hmfuis aa H'BJib i 
Ulci ll!)ii::illl,i'i!i Mil rieTpoBiiri npoeKTH, (; finjia < 
n;i oti. Hero ist 1720 v. Tlcn-pi, kr e HaaoBairb qyat- 
^ecTpaHHa KojfjierHfl h 3a ochobho npaBHJio HaHT,pTa,n> is 

CJTB l\'].Y,in.HTk fly«ll.' Hi, L iy3Kfl£-CTpaJ3HHT'li pa60TH Ha KOJ1- 

Jiermn'a CJiyHttiiUHTts TpiGBa jia 6».ii.lh.Th BBpmi H flOUpg, 
aa fla He na.Tt3e npoGmuo n Ha TOaa aa ce BHimaBa CTpo- 
rr>; a. ai;o hlkoh nycae raitrb iienoTp-fefiHO jume hjih, ua- 
ro aHae 3a nl.i;oro helcoh BHHa lie ebo6in,n, i'° Aa fi^fle 
iiaitajaii-b k;ito np r BflaTejn»* ') . Oti. t>i.-i. bojut Haiajioio 
j pyccKaia flHn.ioMaii.nfl, kohto, ho yM-bcTHaTa 3a frB.il> w- 
g£ Ha Eurejica, upmin'iauie iia ejuim, opjic-H't. ci. oco6- 
i opaBHJia ii TpaflnaHH 1 ). ToBa, KoeTO e owe no 3a6'B- 
atHTejitio, to e, 'ie no roji'BMaTa naCTb oti ■uieHOWrii 
hobi. HcayflTCKii ojiflfin- cm. 6 hjih MyiK/teiiuH. 
npoH3jraaa oti. oficTOHTeJicTBOTO, 'ie eaMirrl; 

Kfece cjr «ec '"'iini aa flHUJioMaTHiecHa Kapaepa. Cm- 

. B&onaKH, eflHH'b pyccua Ann-nouari., CKaJibKOBCUH 

') HflpcKvvra ^iiii.iiil,.ii, .tii vp.r.i;.LiiniR'T'i ua 'iy;i;w<T[>aHHaT;i 

■b I3*eBpvapnfl 17JM)i\ (I'.i !'. (.'. T ■m. II. ti. Ilpum- 

"- : - C nerepcO. 189U, Ci|.. '-■ 



i PyesoB .I.-! 

'j 'I 1 . KiiiiMci,. HHOcrpttHHaa uu. 
i luinpan.. Jlm'epaTypHO 
i, 1. CTp. 177. ,|., [r .r.., tn , 1S9I). 



PyucKaro HapcTBft, 

iir„,.i|..-iiiir. 



ima, if .Pyceert, no npHpoaaTa en, c* m i ; 

[ rn-jn, aiiiiJiOHiiiiaH, rh,'i KaTO rjiaeaaTa ThpTa i 
fccKHfl gapaKTept: lyKaBcraa, ckphto no;n 

lajirmiBo anfiprayimte (boo! -i i u 1 1 1 ' ! fapGm 

i ;iHiUOMan,HHTH" ') npHTOHttTa, rfffeTO qy» i-mmri; itso- 
i,ir;it i. ivi. pyccKSTa liin.ioji.iniiH. ce Kptie an jpyro 

. Ph6otht; ; e van ne pyeCKHrfe fioiepe, 
i fieri, pi. mm MHoro mt'l npasaTa, it rn naitapa n.i- 
1.1; .in ee (jft| unci ,,, He ce apB»HpHa<ixa Jiecao en 
Ts.ihhh iMMO.npj«aBt-ll'i, pcwTiuh, a pycCKHTfe (-anOAi>pS(- 
ott. ub"h CTpaBa, He Moacex* j;a ee ynoBaBan. 
a 6ojinpcKaTa np'feaaHHouTi.. [lpn EjiHcaBera uojiaperfe 
• i:iiiiTa.\:i aawe aa en ooffipHATt cTapH-rt iipuKHJie- 
i, irb 6eaycnli:iTiio. Tobh cam) onje noBeie Rattan 
iracaBera us ee ofrhpHe HCKJuoiHTe.iHO ki.mi, Donomi>Ta 
i HyuwniiHrl; Ocrepnasa, Mhhhkm st Bi..HKaiuitnrfc 
B0OTH, a 11:1 WJU. hm ynpaajieHEieTo jia Typn choh jik>- 
iobhhkt. t>H|»i»H;> ' >- Ott. E^HcaBeTa Hacasru pyecwrrf 
tmjfOMRTH ''<t. ee nauHpajiH nan rjiaBHo ott. (ipH6aji- 
hBckh hIjmuh, n.puH (Kauojuic'ipHfl) aaxce si pyamne 
KaTaKaan). Tana, cnopejria KciHejjeHH ht& na TarHmeBa, 
IS2. r ) r. 'lyatjeHmrrfc — no rojrEMaTa nacTb pyccKii 
uammrtn. paaCapa re — -BaeMajin 6S upon, on. .ihiijio- 
tWMeoKBTfe cjivx6vi, a si, 1754 r, - SI npoii.. 1 ), 
IIjuictu na 'ivMijicHUBT-fe Ha pyecfta aanJioiiaTHiec- 
ejiyjitfia upl].(i:TaHtiHaiui' n Jtpyro tip'fea.uMOTBa ocb'bh'i.. 

^Wi') H- CKd-'IMIOBCKiH. UHtuiliHtl ntt-IIITIIh'H PQCciH. '.'. I ll- 1 . ■ | ■ i "» > [ill, 

T. C,|i. \\. |' (1 ) nurl, 'ii,|-.iii, KOHTO CaanbKOBCKH npHIIUCBB B8 

■ ■ ■■ iitnacan ocoOho, iko He » HcuJHuMaT&itno, trwi 

flDflpflHOTBOTO Ii fiypHvy«;ilin'lM. .ililil'TRHTeflHO, via- 

mra Ha u.iiiM'k.i.ii!rri |iih.|imthi:i, ci. nliHitaulKn iifi;i Fi^.-rrmne. 

H>n n. i iii.|ihuiii ix, rieaiijiKurlipiiu. K:ii(HH r|M>:iMH n inn'pl;- 

liilpTHIUi i jd m i -i m c|vl,ii<n[nii'ii'i Tiii.i'i! Hi- c,y. HHOIM 

unit Bp'tMiMiura, itoraro pi^cua-m KHaraiia t 'ii.itiiuobu :i\>tbh- 
H ire [<I. H ■■i-'i mi .n"i.-j.iiir... in. n|i.. i J . . 1 1 i . i.- M I T i. • na T|IH I'uAHHH, 

..■■ m i. ■..'■■■ Mi.i.iici.. .[.■ aom ii'.'iinaTii nepyxa ana one it -\-- 

n.. Koran. fluyniTB mtajoaapKn nujiiixjB cHOicrfe np'tiiiii<TminH .hi 

■ 1 . i . h ■ 1 1 ■ ii in n.irci.-.i.i i. |iii:ii upkini-iia onCa an ,la 

iCMHBarb npHCJRU*riiyirt,ruiirl! nirvu. 

') Keeren, t. fl. p. 102 



lOBHi/ro iioiijiyuiamie na uapeitarfc saooB'BAB. 3a- 
flaHHTl; n;i [lyc.riiiu'ii .i.iiii.iQiianiiH lie CJK ."n.'iti HSo6fl(0 
BJioactiH. PyceHH e BbMOJifi rtproBcwn, HH/iycTpiia.'NiH n.ui 
ipHaaHCOBH mwepecH, aamBTata aa uobto Tp%6aaji0 6a 

a BOflH lilll.lUMilllinir,'-!, KSKTOTOBa (-' <-"], AhPJIBH, ifpaimilfl 

jiii repMflHau, PycesaTa (vmbhh trfcju>e Bbjis TepHTOpH&nqo 
luciiiiipoiuiine n a ivi-pata aara. i>.i oocTaraHHeTo na ra3ii 

! Ce H3HCifBH'f l.()fii(')Hll3HJ.IIHfl HJlfl ll'liliOft OruOHa 

layKa, a bhtphiuhtckb caocoCHoeTa, xHTpoett, Jiyic&BCTSQ 

W HCKyCTBOTO && yjlOBIlIiri. CJTJlfiOTO M'fiCTO H ril.'lIM^KU'H'li'- 

a«in aoiieHTT. Ha npuviinnniia cb. TfeSH iiMeimo Kaieeroa 

(KTeaiaBaiiK paaa irh aaaHtiopHcTH .um.ioMaTii: 

It, IH,aKej!0(.'[ii n, I ii.'i. , '.'.i|iii,ui. ' npcoBii.il 11 ;ipy- 
i ('.?>miiiK*!;ii asttvape, kokto cfSBaxiK no pycce orb 
uini: pyeee. 

He flcua cbMHlimie, ie B"b eAHa opraim3aijnH, i\tb- 
' liiiuiiii,. Miioro xopa ei. pa3.iniiin Tense pa ueBTBu 
bcnHTanne, ko^koto h oouwra urfcjih Aa ra oSegBBHBa, 

■ lUe HM.i [i;i.lll'il',l:iriij| llo ufyoe BTOpOCTtneHHG ;i-b- 
' I1JIH HO B'l.npi.!c:i ,t;i II. 1;.K'r[..jf>p:i:<II<ii"n,'ni ilii T0I.C1 ii;m 
■M«ii::i CpljJleTBO, TesCHHS Bl< pyCCKBTa ;iFlllJH-iuall,MH 
. raawo jnrfe: eflao &ta#XHa^it&wjKO hjih itampHwittVe- 
.'-), a ApyToio tanachteimo, Kaino ro Hapimaru CJla- 

iii(n|i]i;iini'„ K'Bii'], .i.iiM.ii..ii;i iiiri, uri. rrhpBOTo TeieHse 

1 npHHSA. effiAl I. T;i rmu-'BI , .'lr"liri,rls'l,, I -KiUbKOBCKH II 

tofiino KpyatOKa aa noKfiSaarti KaTKtiai. a AHenicmn,. 
. nci'o ii|ni'iiic.nin.ix,i, n i;iiii:ii, JIoOaaoBa, HOkoBhimi 
pyccKH jinniH-Tp'1. n;i BLHitaiuHiiTB paGoTti h hiuumthhi;'i, 
n,i i'y.iT;iua. .1 I .- 1 - 1 pHOTH'rb" HCjtarb, PyecHH ;vi r><Vi.pHO 

r aio eaoeTO uniiJiMiiiB' nil Hcrniti,, kjkh'Stg e uefina- 

i'fl HCTOpniecirn mhcchh n aa HBMa hhkokbo ,'i<n;i.|iii<' 
Ha aa.iii;iiiiri']. A'bpHtaBii. Hsjihiuho e Bxofime, ciiopejrB 
..iiii'ipniirn rfe", .i.;i tc nana, mOTO 3anaflHa Eapona aa.ce 
'ii-iiii'ii. BTBHofl ii.v.ri.. cii |*\ t . kii i I. iia.MkneHiin iia Ilc- 
'hii.-i., aamm'n mRa <■• HeMawinMo. ., Mni'ii.-n, Koexo flu, 
A'BSCTBHTejino ycarupHJio pyccKHT'B uirrepecfi iia HcTOKI . 
k;i:ii:;i r. TaTHnxPBi., He me n.i\v [(HiyeaATo orB Eb- 
pOna, a i.cii'iiiC]. i.ui'i'ii .i.iiitvi-im' Eapona, BCBKora me 6a- 
iko aa ycnropjiBaiibero Ha pyccKiirli HHTepeea" 1 )- 

'). TllTI IN,. ,l]-.ll, IljHiHl.llirii II l]|J. J , (,'TJI. VJ2, 



— 18 — 
3aT0Ba PvccHH Tp-fc6Ba Aa o6T>pHe r.iaBHOTO en 

BHHMaHHe Ha HCTOBTb H ^a MHC.1H. He ^-feflCTBVBa 6e3T> 

EBpona. Hnfi no HaTarbirb. wl ejHa OT;ri>.iHa maBa, me 
pasrjie^aMe nojiHTHHecKHH HAea-Tb Ha tb3h jim.ioMaTif, 
wl TyKi> me 3a61;.i'B/KHM'L cano, ne ejHO orb no.iOHie- 
HHflTa, an, kohto HaiM3aTx rs f e ne PyccHfl. naTO ea- 
Ha HCTOHHa xbpHcaBa, Tpii6Ba ja ce Ha6.rsra Ha bchh- 
khtb hctohhh HapojH 6ea-b HChMiOHeHne. ,Ako HeXHTfe, 
X'bpBaTerfc, 6'baTapers w t. h., mime r. CKa;n>KOBCKii, 
HMaTi> npaBO Ha HaineTO nOKpoBHTe.iCTBo. to ct> npnna- 
AaMviueTO BHii3iaHiie Hiia Tp1i6Ba aa ce OTHacflMe 11 ct> 
TypijHTB, nepcufimirs, aBraHUHT'fe, MOHro-inrB, KiiTafinn- 

TB. rtpHflTeJIC HUT'S OTHOHieHHfl C"b BCIIHKHTB TB3H HC- 
TOHHH HapoAH, hii Haft-Ma.iKO He ce HBHBarb np'fe^aTe.i- 

CTBO Ha Ta3H OTKOJTBHJHa nOJIIlTIIKa, kohto e C.TBJBa.ia 

Pyccwfl bt> HHTepeca Ha ijHBii;iii3auHflTa Ul ). 

^naTpHOTHT-fe" xBi>p.inTi> Ha ^anaAHHqirrB* ot- 
roBopHOCTbTa 3a hIskoii neycu'sxn Ha pyccnaTa ijanrrn- 
na. T'hfl, iianpnM'sp'b, TaTnnj,oBi> yuopHBa Hece.ibpoae — 
KaHiyiepa n Mimncrpa na B'bHKaiiiHirrs pa6oTii npn Hh- 
KOJiafl — 3a rA'h'ro, orb yro^a K'bMi* 3ana;n>, e npona- 

paJIT> BT> TafiHHH KOMIITeT'b MHOh.IbTa Aa CO CbKpaTH 

Typuwfl h ci> TOBa otk:iohu.ti> CMbproHocHUfl yAapT>, 
KoftTO pyccKHT r B Bofk'Kii, rroemn boiihko na Tpn npi>Ho- 
myBaHHfl orb I^apurpa^'i., uvl>x«i\ aa naiieejfcT'b Ha ITop- 
TaTa. *) IIIyBa.iOBb— Manap'b i nicTOiqn.Bein> pycciiH'b — c;r- 
mo ThPi e npHHHC.iHBain. in.M'b „3ana;uHimiT , B" n ci> ro- 

peCTb (iaTpHOTHT'B, HailOMHHT'b AVMHT'h, KOHTO TOll KaSajTh 

BTb BepjiHHT>, np'BAii CK:iK)MHamu 4 T0 Ha Konrpeca, B*b 
HaABenepneTO Ha e/jHO c-Boe iiAxTVBanbe ji,o Ilerepcoyprb 
ff A3T> OTHnaATb #a ce 6opwv cm. Kpafina'ra pyccKa nap- 
THfl" kohto HCKajia B3eManHeTO na IJ,apnrpa;u». 

i 

Hs^6us,o rpfexa Ha „3aiia-j,Hiiiurrh a e, ne r\\ ncnarj, 
Aa ce c r bo6pa3flBan> cb MOKAVHapo^iiurB TpaK'niTn. 
Orb pyccKHT'fe areHTH bt^ B'bjirapim tosh, Koaxo cuopejvi. 
w naTpHOTHT , B, a e HMajii. Tasu iiary6Ha (viafiorrb. e f>n:n» 

Ill>pBHH pyCCKH AHIIJIOMaTHHCCKH areHn. iipii BaTOMfiepia, 
J ) TanimeBT*. Hirhuiiuui no.'iirniKa MMin^iaTupa Hhko.im I, fTp.202 



JlaBuflom.. HaorrbHH, apyrjrr-rs pycCKB areHTH, a oco6ho 
renepa.iiHTis CoSojipbt. a KayJifiape-b — iHjirapCKH mh- 
uiicTjui, hi. pyceKH qHHOBHHiw — ce np'fcB'bSHacflrb, aa- 
moTfi rE paaiipa.iu, qe rfexHETa mhcchjj, btjit, ott> aa- 
HKnaBanneTo aa MopaJraaxa pyccKo-6"fejirapcKa BaafiMHorib, 
e Smia aa HanpaBsri., ua acn.KU CAynait, h-bkojiko „Ma- 

I'-]]11;U1H« BliFt.il I! " - KaifTO CI' l!3p{13HBa COMli Co60J]eBT> — 

uemay PycciiH a EiJirapHa. 

He ao MaJiao TaKTH^ecKH rp-fcuiKH c* bt-pihhjih 
ii caHHTfe tiatpi-ioTH, KaTO reHepajn. 6apoin> Kayjidapci., 
ko&to nocTAnBame 6eai, BCBKaitso ywbEiHe, nai o OTKpn- 
uaiue pycuKHTti uaii'tipi'iimi, uoraru Tp-fcfiBaiue aa vu 
i.i,|^kii cKpHTH ji alsik-TByBaure (paKTHqecKa nporiiB'b 
(ffeflOTO. lioi'Tu ufsiiie npoBOfleR'b aa 3am,HTHBa. Bij ca- 
'.;:n.i amijioMirntiecKa c.'iywGa bi, CTpaiicrBo He Hajino 
Beype^HHW Jieacay pyccKtirE AHtuioMaTH npoH3JiH3axin 
orb TOBa, r.rl'.'io fffeficTBiiHTa ua aHnJioMaTHi-fe 6wBax* 
ocyeTJinaun on, HeyM'BC'inu'i"fc fl*BflcTHHH Ha BoeHHHTB, 
KOHTO ce UaMHpUTL HOA'b p»kobojictboto ua pycCKHH 
reaepaAein> ruaGt. ToBa ce oTHacn raaBHo ao EiJira- 
piui. TaKa, pyccKHT'U ami/ioMarn mhoi'o yiiopiiBan, luihul 
H;un:iKy3CH:i, I'JCBTO HO cnp-fejn. Mofin.nn3an.nHTB ua IV1..1- 
rapcKaTa BOficua b'i- aphwe ua CT.eamieHHeTo. llo T03H 
CJiyiafi, TaTameB'h pacnpaBii cjr1iayifl.Lii.Hfl UHtcaTHemt 
eDHaofl't; pyci.'i(iri"h oifmufpH at, 6i.ji rape Kara BoScKa, 
(ton to ce cviiTax* pyccna hhhobhhhh pi aaBHCtx* OTb 
pyceKOTo npaBHTejiciBO, pacupasjiJin, Me, noraTO ce nci- 
jiy'iHJia no BoeuHHii) qacru 'rejierpaMMaia, ci> kohto khh3i> 
KaH'raKyaent H3B'l;<"nuia ie no „BHCO'iaiiuia 3aiiOB*feAb" 
aa crane HoGnjmaanHn Ha BOfiCKara, te rctiji- 
KyBa.'ui, qe tb3h „BiicoqaAma aanoB'fejiV aae orb IleTep- 
Gyprb h, auo, HaoaaKH, 3aaexa qe BHCoqafiiuara 3aaoB , Eai> 
n^e orb KHH3a, rfc He iirtjiH aa w» HCntjiHurb, flo KaTO 
He &atio,e noaoGna a on. I leTepGypre.. Bhhobhiikt.tt. h;i 
ABycMHCJiaeTO, KOeTO aoBeae MoSmraaauMHTa e Gn.Th, 
upoqee, kh. KaHTanyaem. 

Btm, m-i. TeopitTHqecKHT-B pnaHOj'jiaeHH pycCKHTB 
Ahujiouhth 1:11 itMas* h cboht'E .THqiiw CJiaCocTH. I'paijrb 
IIJyBajiofii. To.iKOBa ao6p1j anaejri. axiipoca, aa kohto rg 



— 20 - 

6txA oflplu'iiJiu-ni] nejierai-b Ha EepjumcKHH KOHrperb 
moTo Tvpflji'b Co0hh aa lOPb orb EiumaHa. H'L nua £py- 
rn cjiafiocTH, kohto cs KpafiHO nojie3Hn. Tana, HUBTJOT- 
bmr .HenoiipaHQMi. 6i..'irapotlm.i'b', reiiepajn. HrHaTiieffb 
nttam, mrrlBHa ckjiohHOctl klml jrtscaTa, 3a KoeTO 11 Typ 
mirfe ro HiipeKJia „H.TbH;uKii name, (j]t>h£ko nama). 3; 
Hero rypcKHnflT'1. Be3npb Ajih llama e Kaaajn, oji-feflybRiiyj 
xapaKTepHti nymv. „oGkkhobl'hho, iiora-i'o h-bkoh jrbace 
to o6paTHO'ro Hajiuaa Hcrniiara, a y tobii rocnoimiii, i 
o6paTHOTo asuji&a bc6 nairb JiT-iKa" '). Hi., BiijK.ia ee, ;imi 
jiouaTHiecKaTa ttappui-pa iiajiara no hIskor nff.Tb TaxtiBa 
HenpiiHTHH jji-i.jkhocth: fla cboapjuiib juiecb TOBa, Koero 
ch BTjaflarajii. B^upa, aa OTpH'iaurb cera (iHoaa, hosto c 

InponoB'baBa.Ti. n nojutpjitajn. np'tan Ma.nKO. 
TaKa, cftmafiTT. to3h reiiepaJi'b Bb 1 873 r. h 
eflHHi ftaHKeri., kobto My ;iasnx,Yi bi. Ojieeca npoHa. 
HectJit. ejina \yhih, rjx^i'o, drt^ Kaxo, 3aflBiun., ne on 
aeBeTroAnuiHara en noe^aHHH'iecita Kappwepa bt. LJapH 
rpa;n> Toa e H3Hc;c'bjrh Han flo6pa KbcnoMHHaHHH 
h.ht"6 a TypcKOTO npaBHTeJicrBO, npoju.Jimnjn. ■r'bfi: „Ha 
Haet He hh Tpi)6Ba hhto nejia 'lyHt^a aeMH. Ilnfl 
HCKaae hhlu,o 3a ce6e ck. EcrecTBeHHO'io name cb4y 

CTBHe KtHt HaiDHTfj CAHOBliplUt C Oe:iBpt,AHO 3a TypUHH 

Hhh Hte^aeHi. BC-feKOwy CBoeTO — npaHxb-n-i a enpaaejj 
jiHBOCTbxa, a 3jio — HHKOMy". ') Htj ropeuj.oi'0 hvbctbo 
Ha .npaBflaTa h CLipaBefljiiiBocTbia" ae no6 r bpKa na re 
Hepaji'b HraaTHKBa, mpM'b Ka'ro ce BbpHe bj> Uaparpaji-i, 
fla npui'OTBH Bi.3CTaiiHimecKH i ieTH, kohto aa iipoBaHtaa 
bt. CtpSHH — c^tfl-b ioto HHb iixp»«?Hie p*fe i iu nam 
3a H npaBAa'ra n enpaHenjinBOCTbTa", Hi aa apyrii ipa- 

COHT> 3a fla npHL'CJTBH Cp'bflCKU-Ty|ltKaTa BOHlbl, np- 

[OBiieTO Ha Pyc.cKO-TypcKaTa. E ) 

Bt.H1> OTT. CBOHTT. COOCTBeHHH flHIIJlOMaTIl 0(|lHHHaJI- 

i PyccHfl e HaeMajia .nana, iipuHajuoKouui kwl. 'iya(- 
b flHiuiOManHn n npaBHTftJTCTBa, aa HUflaBan. 'ivjk- 

1) CwantKOBCKHfi, XI. 

2.1 CRKAMtOBCBiS, CTp. 220 

B) Hi. BmrpadiBHecKH (HurfoKKHM II- M. Aobckh (,Ota B 

101). 



AH TaHHH. A3i. ne roBopwi ryKi. 3a GajWaHCKBTt flT.p- 
Htami, a ocoOho bt> E-LjirapHH, rfl-BTO pyccKnrt mojihm- 
nepaaJiH orb OKynanaoHHHH cpoHfli. TaHnyaax* jiyni. 
Kaflpurt, a ST.JirapcHn hhhobbhum, ocpnucpn, BijcTHHKa- 
pM 6"fex» iiaeTM y Hew. (flopn efliiH/b 'ihhobhhkt. B. on 
ByKypeutCKOTO Bui. AroHiTBo), a ;?a flpyrnrfe CTpaHH. 
Th.3, HanpHM'bp'f., npn IleTpa pyccna noflKyneirt. areHTt 
B'i. Il,apnrpafti e Ghjit. nancitn .tt. nocjiaHHiiin., enacitoira 

KlIJiM.Tb TaJiaHH. 1 ) Bt PyMAllHH, llp-fe,TH H-feKOJIUOrOAMHH, 

Pyccnn e HHaJia 3a TaiebBSa eflHirt ott> eo6cTBeHHHTb 
pyHAHCICtl MHHHCTpH, KaTapiKH.-) 

ITapHT'h aaBPxs na pyccKUTB aamiOMara cp1>fl- 
CTBOTO fla ce h:imI;cb;iti, bl BA.Tp'feiilHHT'B paGoTa Ha 
AtpasaBHrt. 3a fla noflnyna n'bpBHH MHmicrp-b Ha I1oj> 
ma, napnuaTa EKa'repaHa II e ap-bflJioiKHjia iplwna Ka9- 
BepjiHHra, cboji nocJiaHHiun. b'l BapmaBa, cto xmjjjiah 
pyfijltl, a nOHHTOBCKH — HeflHHM Sbbiuh jijoGobhukt. h 
cexttfenieHT. do.ickh Kpajib, e uojiyinirb eflHOKpaTHO 
100,000 pyGjiH fla ce Hapeflw, a docjtb emerciflHo ao 
50,000. KoraTO ITohhtobckh noacKa.Tb fla npOHBH H3- 
B'Bcnia caMOCTOflTeaaocrb, EKa'repaHa My cnp^Jia cyGcn- 
flHHTa.') 3a HnflKynyaaHaeTO Ha IllsejicKHH cemrb bt. 
1 769 r. < irrcpMaHii, pyccKan iiocjiaHHaKb b* Ctokxojimt., 
e nOJiyiHJii. 207,'2iiO pyGjiH, in. flo apHBT,pujBaHneTO na 
Li;i;ia|),'iT.ira ct, iiapramt, ftOTpisGaJiH ome 150,000 pyG- 
jiH.') Ako HCKiiJiy a.a floflfleMT. ao e.ina no noaaenoxa, to 



') H;i Boci.Jh.i )>!:. A. Ku'iviliiHcKaro (IWiCTBHsn. Eepoubi, Ok- 
THOpb 1897. Op. 523V 

') AOKyMeHTH 113b CCK'ptJTHUrk Ji [hX Mftll flil pvcCUUTO UJJUBH- 

■!'■■. it-ii-i >. Il.i iai^L pe untiuiHTa Ha b, *Cno6oa»". Civ|ihh 1893. CTp. 222. 
3aiiiJiTHHUBrB Ha Pyccwi orpHBarb aBTeHTHtHoclKra na Tkm ao- 
h-yueiiTFi. ToFiii <■ TBtpj'h ceTecTHeHHo utt, rfexHa irrpaHa, aamoTO 
Tbaii flOKymenTH yjimaBaTL npiuu bchrko tIsxt.. rta nacT, T'hxHaivi 

MBfl Bit' HMOJKHM'I. IKI UUJlpo6HO MOTBBIIT'B Clf. 

L ) CtuiOBbflBT,. HoTOpia Pocciu. t. XXV rrp. 302, ume t. XXVI 
nrp M. (H.™l,H..rFiifiii mi i.-iwrTHTviiHHTa ii rpuOHtencBaTa ai 
n Pyccm. CotpHH 1893. Op. 19-20). 



— 22 — 

>.. . \ :HMhi ,a .U»JUMIOIl., Mt 1 , Cp'bCRKlIHT'b Kpa.'ICKH ABOp'b 

* \-„i...ijni- u* tioimara m. IS77--78 cyCcHAHH, kohto 

.;..,.. ., i.i VilIM Mlltl.Yi Rl.pXV IK^aBUO VMp'fe.lHH MH- 

. * ,.»• •. Muvuuk MopHoropi'KiifiTi. Kimarb iioJiyiaBa 

., . .*i,; i ,*' ;uvVL. iMlUl. KOpOliaiUlHTU I'll A-'ieKcaHApi* HI 

...» ,,.u i iA mi. KaivMtVpra ro;uimna cy6c # HAH>i orb 
»v,.vr =\ v\-.i. II nan-ivrirh no ro.ThMara qacTt on. 

. v,., ,, , tHiXll.UlUOHOH 1 !* <|H)HA'b OTHBaiUC 11 IU.C 

.«' ^itlMttl'Cro iia llpOAaHCHHTK A'i>p»caBiiH 

, , 4 . .,i -u.iiu uiim luviyorrpoBt h 3a onjiHTaiiHOTO 

, . , t .„.!.; mi. latum aivirni a iijhhohh, j^Plctbhrth 

* s i.ivo'ioiut H'li no-U'TpiJKaBaHHeTO Ha napOA- 

• i.-.i. imvi. t 1 iu?»ie ycTaHOBOHi, ifmifrh, *ie 

:u.. ..filill It lllllllOllH, Upl506.7l1iHeHH Bl» KO- 
.',• (.iiiiiti, KapTUHO-IipOAUBUH lIOBAHI'HiftXrt. 

. , x .i.uu'i'fc in. MojiAaBHfl 1 ). CejifliieTii ce 

•*v» s ... i I..1U1I l- 1. fvk'IM 3HaMCIia II C'b BHKOHe- 

. . „ \.*.,i.' [oa\ MepBeiiHT'li! 11 Aa xciiBl?e Ky- 

*• v .i:i«i puH'birrl; Taibw aroHTH, np'IiA- 

..s...j vpoui, iioa'i» CHiicxoAHTejjHOTO oko 

.... . \ivu.i no;nni,n>r, OTiq)aAnA\XiYv Bcp'fiA'i* 

.. ,. v'tmi paiirima JlynKufi n ro uaBjrbKO- 

x , . . .;m\i»^I., Kof'lTO TO 0THl»r<» in, OAecca. 

. . V v.. „, v.^.i-i iMtaM, na yHHmcKim 6'K'jrapcKH 

x A x a«i\j. i-i.iioAHnMCiimn. Ha Jl,auKOBa, ko- 

i u...«.u t ut. l pyrriciui uapurp. uoc.iaHiinK'b 

.v- ^imi. ii'in., Hp'hs'h napaxoA'b, m> 

. , vi s?. IxlUMl'l., KHTO ce in.CIIO.lIJVBa TO- 

^ .• .-.. \tiiiMi k i a liioTO na h3B'Ijcthii>i o'b.irap- 

., ,.,.!». II U»» liU'HO MnHIM'Tp'b II. J*. (V). 

.\ r *■ ua». hcara na pyccKani AHiuoMa- 

. ,..v- lit trapmi, Typmm. PyMtfiiimi, ko- 

... .:■ i»t"i».mit. iuito C'loaiuhmih'I'I; main. 

■ |:,\uUHII'l'OIll. HOHCKa HfltafiaHllnTO 

.. I^nyin, pyri'Kiiii iioc.i.iHHnin. rnMi,, 
\, .-ml, ...m Uimji si Hiiiiii'iiiia ( Hi 1 •] ii .f t^-u 

\ ■.,-,■ iy>.' i». i»' 

.». ..-..! m». ni. ir:i|tt-K;ir;i yiMfi. iiiiniirjm. Mi-pim- 
v . ■■»! m Miiiiiu- ri»|-rTiii»Tc» h:i H. II. Kh. IX n X 



itcifiTo ch uocTOHimara Hairsca bi, iitf.Tplun Hurls pa6oTB 
n;i (.'■LtM.iun'nin 'h main naupaBn.n. cBoero no HaTa-rMinio 
rrociiiic HeB*K3noiKHO. Bt. Horara, MeiKfly apyroTO, ce 
itB3Ba, ie npe3naeuTb'n. na OtpjiHHeHHTfe nniTH He mo- 
me an rmmi paBHonyuiHD Ha toba, He B'b BamHnrTOirt 
iiu;ii , ! , 'i. nn B'hBoa.x-.Tb epj&n fliin-ioMaTtiqt'CKa npaKTHKS, upn- 
jiH^Ha c.tmo 3:1 UapiirpaA'fc 1 ). II'bioBa KoeTOCMlse p,a na- 
me HeaaBncHMara <"1;Bepo-:iM<'pi!K;itinta ponyfijiHKa, <J»paH- 

UHfl H'EHa CHJia an 3aflB!l. JiflBCb pyCCKOTO BJIHHHHO TnM'l. 
CBaJIfl H KftHBa MaHHCTpHTE. HuB'bCTHO P, He EepTe.io — 
BIHHcTpa «a ni.Hifamuini; paoorci a'i> Kafinnei'a Ha Eyp- 
Btoa — tiii;i,HAi on> B;iai*Tb, wb erBHerCKart pafioTH, 
no HacTOHBaHteTO na pyccitHH napusfCKH nooaHHHK'b, 
Oapom. Mopenxamrb. CaMOTO najjaHHe 11a pajuiKajiHHH 
KiinHHOT'b (-1. (■oinia.MHcrii'jeiKa oriauiKa", krkto nmneaie. 
Boeoe BpeMH, 6-feme newBHyeMUTO ycnoBHe, aa a.a ce p*- 
111a uapbn. na Hjie Bt, HapHBCb. 

PyccnaTa AHiijKjjiau.nn hc cc- orpaHHiaua caao jib 
HacLCKBa ejuaa fl'ipwtaBa npOTHBi. Apyra, ht., kokto bh- 
A'bxMe, tb HaeHtBB eana iinprim npoTHBt jipyra napTHH, 
eAua rpyna upoTHB-h npyra rpyna, i-;\wi jih'ihim-ti, 
npoTHBt jipyra Jinmiocn.. 3amu roua? BsTp'tiuiinrt: 
paaHapami 11 pa:;io|>H ucTBBflTi. BtHKauiHaTa spara 
pntopcHa 8a pynKaTii Ham-feea 11. c^tflOBaTftaBO, 3a 
jia('!ijii[u-iiiii'To na pyccKHT'B xepHTCipii a h BjniflHiie. 
f'yccHa ce Bi.3flHra bjih Bi.pxy pasBaJiHHiirt Ha yiKT, oc- 

B060fleHHT'b 0'I"b aeKK HapOflH — KaKTO HailpaRU, Hailpll- 

Ml-.p-h, ct» Taraperfe bt. KpHn-b, hjih B-bpxy Ttea m cboh- 
t6 CfcdijLHT Ilojiiua, IllBemin, TypmiB. Bt> csimexo 
Bptiiie, Jia otbjtb«i« orb cbuht-Ij jtIsSctbhh BHUMamiexo 
aa apyrHTB jrupiKaBH, th atfJiae h opoii3BOn[Aa, i;m utu 
Bosce, cuyTOBe y text.. Tb.«i HtejiaHHB ci. unmi'ni;i 
OTHpuBtHHOCTt c*. ncuaaaiin ott, JleoHTHesa, eAHHt pyc- 
tKu „uaTpHon>', cjiaB)iHoipn;n, 11 ohbiiju AT.JiroroAHtifcH'b 

pyCCttB ItOHCyjI'B H J[irH.lllMaTimcr;KH ^HHOBHHK'b Ha H(.'- 

tokt.. B r i> e;iHa ctbthh o^arjiaaena: ,khkso cbtniademir na 
oSemosme-Acmeamu t aim ucit'ttto win u.macno m huct>?" 

.OfiCTOHTC.lCTBaTa, H1HOCHH 3a HBCl. I! B'h- 



MeH!;lymi[icjjiHoe upimo h np. T, IJ <rrp. 50, 




— 24 — 

oiMUr M Hx'UaUUM VaaHMHO-HCTOMeHb CBlST'b, <13 b C4H" 

i.lmi. ii|»uo.ui.8Hiv.im) ivrlviyuwinurfc: 

/) //11.7 ^xwi'tHii ttoitha cb Aticwpufl hah Ahimih. 

i). Uivm". 1 * <st> <PptiHmtx—(np)bdbu.Mi cAiidb uauia- 
m*i i X >,:H%¥ uhm* c o>nt> tintopocmineHHa MMHOcnib). 

.• * li*ot*i -\hitin ab HhAuipHH u CbpCux; ipyou no- 
//•*;.'.« v. '*«<• '*/'*r-*'» MttMiHu a Hc6.iaiodapuocmb onib cmpa- 
/<,» \.f *.'h»</m */ihwn> Ob.u ape a Cbp6e u l ) T'fcaH AyMH. B'b 
\ii,it,» »m e\mii. pycchii AHiuiOMarb, c^. cumh no ce6e 
mi ia n.u"i. i K v** 1 anauu'Mio — Aa ce H3pa3HM p »» no CTapt 

i HI I'- UtiU.^KlllllC i»a UOCTOflHHHT'E MMCJIH, KOHTO Ce 

ii t.|»i i.\% i »■ n ■»»• r laaurli ua pyccKini; AniuioMaTH. 

||i. \ ui.ii. i na jxyrcKaTa AHiuioMauMfl ce cbctoh He 
K .iiuo it i. im*i|h»m»tp nptt.'iaraime Ha ne3yHTCKMT , fe npaBH- 
w. in- m m. uruua'ra yrronquBocTb — aaBucema orb 
i iM m mi i. iu.ua p>mca A'bpJKana — h bt> npocToraTa 
Ma npU aM\eiuaia on. hokk. ivkib. IViKaxa, KbM'L 
unnio m a 1 nuiaui.r Hapiiipa;u«. HaTimarb c;k. m (Sh- 
im urn |>ii.\iOi \»*mrh npl.jui ABa Bfaca, HaTarbtcb ca 
mupa.\\iM a \riii, a arliixo Aecenui'BTne nee no MajiKO 
pi v\^ npunnwivaua KbMi. u'hju/ra ch. Bi» Apyrark crpa- 
ww \ i iomio iipawLii-'iitiiii pmciiMu n ivfcjinrb ce ArbHHRTb: 
h>i>i M»em olaiir itMcpa nipciun jKejianne, Aaecb, cl ha- 
tHunrtii n.t \\\\\\\\ \i»|i.i n iiniiii noKOJiisHHii, ce aa6paBH. 
r\« % u'i t »\no iiIimM) rTap'i., ni. mi'L Rfofth, nenoK.iaTHMa 
umpi'M\i a iimpoiia'tMa prnn.'nonHonimTli 6ypn, kohto 
upl<ip\imn\*\\ mmoiv napn ivnenjioniHccKH r n>pBera Ha 
I nam I a ai auiaicim YcnuiMnncx Tb na Pyccun, roBa 

lit^ %i»'lll\ I IU» III. U It III I'll, (|lOpMHT'h H AVXa IjYv npaBH 

\\\\\ mho i a ai i \\ t'tpattnia, Tona e noM<>rHA\.io, Bi>np r Biui 
it, iruini I 1 1» l.muu a ilopawriiim, na pyeeKMi AHii.uoMan. 

it \* u p-uti ii.i ni.plio M'lirTo ii Aa ce xbiuui, ml* toh 
ii m^ *m»pl- \Ht\MMpa tin nopTprTa, i?o7n> e linMepi ;i.ri> 
|ui\i>pna- \\\> ,.\Vkm it'Kiiu ue.MM'pnin.: 4 ' Aa r)i\\A<nri» aii- 
mu»\».iii, ui.rai ^.i ai>.^UMb MinnoiiH h Aa Aaiuuiri, iich- 
\ tin mi tipl- \nr an l, la parut^iaTHaiin. 'iy^KAHT'I; nncwa, 

ii in \ iMi'Miu u ^i vo \M v apa« i nib jui ofKuirojiOAnnn. nii3o- 
\ h.i.i ni \'pli \i iii.iia vis luvniMneTo m\ U'IuihtI.' 4 . 

I) lv loolltl't't.t- liOi'Vtitil.. Pliocbl H CjiaBilHCTHO. MuCKHil 



..I — 



PyccMH Ha Snusjx^h 



l'a:t,i,li.[U'i':i. BB lln.mia. 

'b IHni'lUIH. IlllHW/U'llHII MH|lt II llCIUIillll: ll'ir "I ! I Ti Mil 

Bouiiii. — Mciiviyiii-i'ionni'l; ihijiOii i.i.. II (m- luKiira .l[»ih-i ifi;|»;i- 
napiHHTb wa UUuiiHTt n l-i h.j » i|» ht I.. — Hatrfecan 

i I'vi'i'iin p.'i. uff.TirhmrinT'l'. [iinn.iriiii [aiWii. — riOjiKynnrb, npa- 

'■II "l I. pycCKBrtt IHllMillllltlllli: li"n[i(j|-I,. ri;illMH'l- 1! OtTepMHHT.. 
Il.ii I.-.I:.!CFM!IIT;I Mil K.lllCJKI'Til II ^Kjlllf | lit 14il. — 1 1(111 ISHHailUlSTri 

.■■■■ ■■i."i" n | '.v. -,1,-ih; hi C]rbflHJi Espoira np1i;n> CeAMornjiKuiHUTH 
Bfiflua. - [!'b HaflBeiepnero iiii pawtJiaTa Ha llrumin - 



Goftn.iipii ITojiTiiim (S ICnift 1 709), rjl't'ni lU'Tpb I-Jc- 

iiuMhui r.iiBiiinti HerOBTj jiofi^.uMTejii., KapJUs XII, 

fSK 'iciiiiii Kpajit, cjiomh an BiiH,Y,ru iiiei-',u'[;;:t;\ aura, kh- 

i DTBGpE BpaxaTa Ha CKaiuumaBCKHfl nanyocxpoffb 88 

rri;;ri;i FNiui.cii. KapjlT. XII ce OIIHTa CT> HOHOmbTa 

jypUHT'6, y KoiiTii Ohiiil' nafrbi'aJi'L no^ap'i. uopaate- 

il'to, aa i.'H nom,pae irbpBiiTa Moiub, hi. 6e3ycn1>niHo, 

I I ieite«Bpufi 1718 r. rati nori-iHJR B'b ejinni. .nam., 

i 'lipii.ipiii.-i'Mi.n . [i TpB i it.'i.iinn nojmp't 6-fcnie emno- 

i 10 conreMBpufi 1821, hrb-ectahh Hiiiu.;u<t:n fto- 

KnflTO flaBame Jismro iiiBeji,ci(H npoBHimun bt^ 

MVHrh Ha PyccHH. '). 

Cnx.pTl.Ta h;i KiipJia XII, a m KTHTopcitaTa r.i;h:ii. 

i [tOFOTO ft'bpHteiue MHpEH Bp;i>i;, r i.n'iiiaTl; $paKl{Bti iia 

ii' I'M-.pnip.LifiTa, fi'fcme curHajii/rfc na hobh (HKecToieHS 

■vtuI.imui flopfili", I li.TiHimfmaTil ilpltrrillcpaiUiJl, KIlHTd 

n'nic mi l-Op-B Orb BC'HHKO CBOHTB J1HHUH HBTepSCH 

ii|iiiiiii.i,rn(iTa na MOHte cbo6ojiiio na HBHacfl junto hi, 

'yccMn, G'Giue roTOBO ophite bi. pAirhT* Ha .ihli-vihi 

;fl,eneu'b. H, iiniu-i'intii. iKicji'li/imiari. He aaKi.cH'B jia ce 

react, I. cTp. tuo. 



neuojisyttn .in. i;.v, ijii;[nnnrii mui.:,u'i;ii panaopH aa a 
IIMIJ caofl HHTepacii. 

lit, Ulaemui, aenmy npHCTOKpaTfirfe, ce frbxj& i 
l>:i:]yn;i.iiM ;i.bt; BpawjieuHii nap-ran: ejuia-ra inipniH 
FHJleHooprb, bjih, KaKToome ce e HapHnajia, napi'iiara 
BJamtumn, a apyrn-ra — Ha Xopm>, hjih napTiiHTa i 
HKAftSurtm '). EflaaTa n apyraTa ce npoaaBax,^ Ha M 
i n;i. l.liiii-i'iiHHTa sa noc^BflHHta c» oiiHcann uoapoB 
u im.yMi ■h'I'iijiho on. Cojioiii,c-na, II cm- npiiBtviOHHrfc c 
Hero inlLilJHHn bhh lepUHMt, no ROJiy, naimtrfe. llp-t 

,l:i llplirTAlllHM'L KT>MT> TOBa, Helta 3a6'bjli3iKBM']., ie BOJ 

CTMB8T8 iiapTiiii Ha IlJavKinini., bjih 11a 1'irjiciifiopi'a, 0% 
no ii' <: noXiKTOJia a« npH6 r Bi'He a° rppeucKOTQ hokj 

HHT(.'JI( ■Tim II OS n'lTTpilUJI pyCCKOTO. Hh PjTCHfl H'felia 

ii.imI;j" ■huh ;ia OTCTAUBa cbohttj ii]>iiBHJitrjiH fia 
nni:, 11 npii liiLii'MinjiaHAt Ha 2 ceirreMRpnfl 1742 
lllBcii.na «■ OTBOBO [io6-hfleHa a H8ry6Ba tosh u*Tb <E>i 
.'lanylllll 110 TpilltTilTa, ClfJHOieHT. B'b A60. 3 ) 

HofVlvK'iiirrl; Illamai na rn-ieHfiopra CTaBan. pi 
run iipanmi'. Turaua pyccttOTO npaB iTejiCTBO iipufrfenat 
Tl.Miini, iipMTiin mini, lin),ia(/imin).. JXymaja 11a miTpurai 
11,111..; n. pyccHHflrb HapoieHt upareHiiin.,, tiapotn> Kojl 

Koraro Knpiji'i. npacTBra at. CiOKXojJirb, 
sil.riMi. Hiiiiifi, rp'BfiBajio e aaCTaHAvri. nadnpii 1 

Mil. TllB KttTO KJOJIfltpHTB CSi fiHJIH TflHKalDHHta pyC( 

i|iiinri(:i u;i|iTii!i, rn irLpnaTa rpHHta Ha Kopipa e f 
/i,a ce noerapae jta ycnrnpH rfexHoro rtpiKecTBO 
iipi. !■■ iiimmirl: niiuopTi. Anivinii, kobto ce M.v.'ienje c 

1 1 1.' 1 11 ii:t\itiTi! (ppeHCKOTO BJIUHHHe HUT, U_[lieu,HH - 

up I,. 1 > r;i ii jisbshohtt. napTHBTa 11a IIIanKiimn [V\umi6o\\rh 

bJIHO CtHifftSttJia. pyCCKKT-fcaliaCTBHH H HKilHHJTT. nO* 

r.iniiiuii. 1. ce ci.rJiacnjn. ci Koptpa in aaa*'i"t ac-BKofl 1 
10,000 ■en ■"■]'■' aa BOa'feHiie tia HBSnpaTejiHaTa arnTan.a 

H'l. npui:ii||ll,IIHI'a. Ilo T03H IIOBOJVk Kopip'L ce ClCip'l, ru.il c 

iiiicv.i in iiMiiepaT|iniia [vmcaBeTa, bt> Koero KaaBa, 
in' Tphumi Hniuu j[a ce acajiH, 3am,oT0, mosn. neupnn 
HOW HHHHCTepcTBO naane, 1 1 1 iii'ii.n(i me 6*ae Bt. m,jia 

ii Hwrens, T, U, 24a 
g) .li.ui 946, 



aaBHCBMOCTb on, I'vitiui. ') Jiji.iiyii'jn.-ri. mi EjiHcaBera, 
Bi'1-TyiKrBi.-l'iH.Miiin,. on. csofl CTpajaa, aa Aa pacnojio- 
HtH inBeflCKiiT-fe H<!M.ienjia;vl;Jiiia m cc-jihhc m. no-iai 
Pyccnn, npfe/yiara Aa ce flonycne cbouoahoto BHaci 
in iiiiic.ici.ini; xpaHH BT. Pycf.HH. ,,Tob3, 3anBHBa Ee> 
CTy/ticR'i,, tue nOAliftci'ByBa mhoi'o no-A06pl3 Meatay naT- 
pHOTHTi; (ajBeacifHrkpyccocpiiJiH. H. B.), otkojikoto mhoto 
xhjihah pyojui". -) KopoVb H3Bl;cTflBajn. H30. Ctokxojimt,, 
gjs flapH ome Tp-tfiRart., iia kohto npocfia itaHiyiep-trh Ee- 
CTyjKPBi. naBa (*Ji1)AybY,maTa pe30.Tiou.Ha: „aiio He Tpaae- 
cero., to none ABaAecext xiuhaii pyfijiit TpliGBa jxa ce 
HCiipai flit Haii-citopo Ha KaMeprepa Kop<pt h aaToaa e 
■JSoCxoflHMO Stpao Bnco'iafiuie yaciGp'BHHe, asaapro, rko 
re iiponyciie tosh ojiaronpHflTeHi. Monem"b, to Bp r l> 
4aTii, kohto me iipona;iB3L' ott, TOBa, He MojKe ce no- 
bjwbh ttawe ii ("i. ejina BoflHa" ') 

Bnat/ta ce, oGa^e, 'le pyccitaTa niiTpwra, no^e- 
Ha on. Koptjia, ne e y.iOBHJia, KaKTO Tp-feGua, ,6;iaro- 
npiiHTHaTa MiiHyTa" h hi^hiite yciuinn ce ya'bii'ia.'iH ct, 
HP(*uo;iyi,a. ToraBa HHiiepaTpimaTa E.'iiicaBirra, 3a w 
ocyeTH uJiauoBerfe Ha tppaHiiui|>n.'iciuirl; inaniat, o(fap* 
HAJja ce .iiii'iiKi no HacjTBttHHica <!>pnapHKa XeceHCiui, 
kohto, nopajui crnpocTbTfi Ha 6a ma ch, Yjipuxa, mk- 
HChTh na Ejicona'ra, m,pBopoAHaTa cecTpa na Kapjia XII, 
BOA'E^'b aiipwaBHOTo yiipaBjieHae". . ,H. M. Be/iMHecTBo 
jpCiepaTpHuaxa ci> npncirbpfine y3aa, ie BOAHTe.'ib'n. 
Ha npOTiiitHUTa napTHH, rpa<pt TecnHT>, ciyirB.in> na 3a- 

JVbpjKH BT. CBOHT'fe pArVB CLpAHeTO H 6.iarOCK,10HOCTbTa 

na Miiur Bhco'icctbo, ;ik<> ii Aa He e TaftHa aa B. B., 
Ha Tofl (TecHHt) ce c/rapae, ct. bcrhkh chjih aa np-BiiiiT- 
cTBjBa Ha fbrjiacneTo neat/iy Pyccnn h UJ,Beu,HH. . . Ako 
B. BncoiecTBO h noAHpT, TOBa DOHcita Aa ai>pjkh bi. mh- 
jioctl rp. Tecnua h cbApy>KHHi;HTB My h cjrBAaa nero- 
liini; iiu cbB'Bxa h, cjrBflOBaTWiHO, ce OTAajie^aBa OTb 

ita no paao Spomypt* 




2) CMoBj.eaT., XXII, ]47. 
Il CojioBbeBii XXII, 1 i'>. 



— 28 — 
HfJktio Be.nmeeTBo, to h HeflHo BejinnecTBO me 6jhji,e 

DpUHYJUrHa He CUMO ^il OplSKpaTU CBOeTO HCKpeHHO c-Ta- 
jWHMt' Sli B. BlR-O^OCTBO, HT> H CT»BC r feM r h J,a TO Hp'fc- 

K&fflt 1 * 1 !. 

OTapiiiirfc y.ipiiKi> Beqe 6n.Tb Ha cmi>pthhh o^'bp'b. 
Ht»jt»BufiTi» Hac.Tfc^HHKi. 4>piupnxT> ce roTB'fe.Tb aa Han- 
juim npiiL-Taia Hae:rfc;u , TBeHT> 3a cBOATa ^HHacTiiA h Aa 
yri.ou i;4Moai>pa%aBHaTa en BjiacTb, naTo orpaHiinn npa- 
bjith Ha crAna. H>, Ty.ih Pyccim ii3ry6Baiiie e:*HO yao6- 
Ho opAanie Bn, pjRirfcrfc en: napTiiaaHCKiirfc roH'fcHHH, 
c»n>c»Hi» 1'H.ihb bi. eeflnia. II eTO, Hna BiiiKjaiie caM<xh>p- 
.nc\ttf9.i}ikti n a puna .ia ce HBflsa aaiuiiTHima Ha inBejcna- 
Tti isofrua. 3a ivyeTHBaHiieTO Ha peBiianoHHHH u.iaHi> 
or- c^ir. -a pyvvKara iiHTpnra bt» Ctokxo.ioi[i>. M^ctoto 

H.-l I\i'p4*:i ^:lt* ilCKVCHHH llaHHH^. B'l. HerOBHTfe HH- 

iip\tau:i. *vnua;iH iMtuyuftiUHrfc Tpii tomkh: 1) ^a He 
juuiyma &Mvauamiero Ha oauou pacaPHna pe*Kiiiri>: 2) 

^R.-^rtrtt'T^ Ha «t»paHKiM}>n.lOKOT\) NllHHCTepCTBO: 3) IIoc- 

^.iR .:uui» h.< r,ii\^v m!;oto xopa H3K orapaTa pyeena 
ii;":p ".«•:, H.« K*u>u|Mivk s V 

i s :. t pHiMiiraui»or^ oh lA'.ipiuuft 1 747 1 IlaHH.rb 

};:. .: ;',»!.; H^ \ .1, riO.M b \ttUia OKOpO OTi* BTOpa II Tpe- 
S- \ iVVO xV :OHK«HU, MO H^UHOH«i' T ^ H3 llJSejlCKHH 

A^p^iSOSi* pel*. IVviM iUO v'^UIV,;, xs:v ".\3IIFT>, XBT»p- 
.trtt: op^i\> H.UV'V KaiO xV.HVjU".*' :*OHR.iT.-, IlaHHHl> 

:i.-;*:*p.a .*• Kkv-v.^h* *• ^ ho% ,io*ooh« -a n. 4 -.an OHCTe- 

>jV:S % ..H:^ MO U.k \H i HOS.l p\ x %\\{»!». a **,:■. ::.-.VVi»«. 

*»v ,os.; .-p*w r;Ux,itvi.; \v.t;*.. .1 ;v?;v KMT- 
KO'O -.,.u*\K»Usv in IK'spi lit *:.: 'Vv^va^ v ^ btlc- 

hu llaMHti'. ■: .' i-s: v \»"%» ' v !%»*-,.• \xv. .v.; ;a ce 

2» iVlOlilVM- \\ ' : 



JieHne". EKiiTepuHH hck;i;ih aaHte aa HanpaBu uiBeacKara 
kohcthtj'iihs no aeMi'iKpu'riiqecKa, in,, paafinpa ce, np'tan 
BCH'IKO t- TpU6HaJIO fla CH CtCTaBH CBoa uoGcthchhu nap- 
tub. 11. in i.;i ui/i.'iiii'Hc i;.iiiim[i,Ti.'iiit , 'I.! Kio.iaifm. C*meBp'B- 
IteHiio, nil 11 Maprt 1765, EKa-repnua e«Ji»iajia Taefffc 

AOrOBOp'l. Ct JlllHHH, HI, KO.ITO aB'fc'fB HoflllHCaBIUH ftTip- 

HcaBH pc 3;i;i.,TijHiaiiaT'i. n;i naawvTi) iienpni«>eHoncimocTb'ra 

Hil lllBCJUiKa'ni KOHCTHTyUHH. 

Ha "J'eBpyapHM 1769 cc CT.6pa.in. othobo cefiMT>n>. 

Hm.i.hi cjiyxOBe aa HaMtHeRHe Ha KOHcrHTymifna. Eieu- 

ii!|imia ce HBHBa othobo aaS-rojTBMa napTHsaHKQ Ha 

• '(inr'(i r a:ri'ii. „,U,a ocTaae u eawrb [UBeat, BHeajia Tfl Ha 

llannii;i, aa aamiiTara Ha CBoGoaaTa, to, a3 r b u Hero 

me iitiji i pHtaMt. OcBtHi. TOBa, aaiioB'feAafi'i'e Aa ce hb- 

h ■ j. 1 1 ■ i •_ ■ hi. raaw CMMCtJU. e^Ha ctbtha, mmo lu.uhj.m 

0m* itiui.ur mjotcdo .1'iitr. kohto jia ce iianenaTa h pac- 

up'bciie H3i> u/BjiaTa CTpaHn" '). A OcTepHajHi, OTb cboh 

i-rpana, an aanpaBH KOHCTHTyrtHflTa no aapana, nciia 

"207,25') pyfijin aa ocboSoah h'Bkojiko flenytaTH on. 

etBtcTbTa mmtj. Hi. tI;hm itpeflHTH ce iiuiepnajiii m Tla- 

BCKaJit apyi'H. n Ilo-Ao6p'B aa aaaeM'b uapii, iih- 

uia E[f;ii'epnHa, ne»tej]H aa bhjiiimt. cfjiho npaBiiTeJi- 

:bo bt> TIIbphiih"'). 06a<ie, CKOpo aefifloro BHHJMHHe 

me QTBjrfeqeHO Kbt"b Ilo.'iina, rjfhxo CJ&iqo n.fi „cbo- 

iflaxa" ce Hywaaeuje on. gaiinrraia h, a EKaxepnua 

i 3JiomacTneTo /ia bhah, mutt nocji'bflUHft'i'ii aaniHT- 

i uiscucKaTM „CBo6ofla" inline aa 6*.fle th ca- 

, ri.it koto pyccKOTO bjhihhhs rant nocTeneHMO 3a- 

aaine. Mouce jih ch np'EacTaBii hIikoh wh^i, bchibq 

•BiipuBeaeHO, <ie csmiaTa rasn aanjioMaixna, kohto 

ii,vii)[i;iitio flenyTarurB aa ceiiiia, Hacbcuaanie uapTiiii- 

; BflHa cp'fiuiy iipyra.puBliiiio bt. IIlBewiH, KaitTO b - ex- 

mapa bi. cboh Konrb, aa 1821 r. bt> Hinuo;ri. aaaa- 

! ip-fcn. aoroBopt TLpjitecTBcuHo ii (popMaJlHO rifil,ma- 

! ,lii lie Ce M'Bi-ll HI, RATp-BIirHHTB paOOTII IUI llllii'- 

1 ') I la na("b Tyicb, iicbojiho hh Ba*TT> na yiia ,'iy- 

'I CoJioBi.eH'i. XXVIII, 96, 
1 CojiOBbeBi XXVIII, ml. 
'I Ma|>reH<"b. I, crp. 105. 



— 30 — 

MHrfe ea MapKca: „Htaca jan.iOManHff no oep<)>H^Ha on 
pyccKaTa". 

Ht IIlBeniifl 6*me caMo e^Ha orb npnrrkiHH-rfe 
ToqKH Ha pyccKaTa aHruoxanHfi. He no uaano noyqiiTeji- 
hh c a HefiHHTfe j-feftcTBHfl bi> co6cTBeHHa 3aiiajHa ii ep-fca- 
hh Espooa. TvkT) PyccHH nortpcn cbK&3HEma npoTHBrb 
HlBeEiHH, no-ima r Typing KaTO He H3ry6Baiue t pa^6npa 
ce, ciyrafl ja .Tb/Ke h ebK&3HHn>iT r fc en, KoraTO TOBa 6'fc- 

tOe B3H0CH0. 

B-b cp^4Hfl EBpona 6±xjr ce H3jnrH^.iH jb1> ;n>p^ 
ataBH, kohto ce 6op-fexiR 3a HajMOume wi, repnaHCKaxa 
HMnepnH: Abctphh ott» e,iHa CTpaHa h Flpycttfl— ott> 
jpyra. ABCTpHfl npnfyferHA jo pyccKaTa noaomb npn 
CTfexyE&niHTE o6<:TOfrre;rcTBa: ABCTpHHCKuftrb HMnepa- 
TOpti. Kap.it VI 1 1740) T 3a ja yoHropa HacrtucTBOTo Ha 
BCHiKHTfe aBCTpti^CKH 3eMH 3a xbujepfl en MapHA Tepe- 
3HH — kohto no saKOHa fffeaajia npaBO aa 6*ae Ha- 
cjrfejHMiia — najaje rbft HapeqeHara FlparMaTUHecKa 
CaHKUHH, — aKTb, qp-ferb koAto eBpone&CKHrfe uapcKH 
aoMoee npHSHaxiiL 3a 33kohho xcejaHtieTo na Kapaa VI. 
Bt> T03H ciyqa*i Kap.Tb h^ e MCjKe.Tb ja Haa-kpn e4Ha 
no MomHa ouopa ( i in presidio piu valiile), otkoji koto CbER.- 
3a ch MochBa. ') 06a qe ? KoraTo Tepe3na joui.ia Ha 
np'fecTO.ia. <I>ptupHX'b Be.itiKH non<:Ka;rb ja upHcBon Ch- 
-1€3hh t KaTO HeiipHHaxieTKema na Mapna Tepoanfl. 4>piu- 
pexb qp'fe3 r b nbpBaTa i .'n.i-3Kn BOfiHa 174n-l74*2 cno- 
-lyqBa ja oTaeMe Caie3HH orb Abotpuh. Pvlvwh <:e yn.ia- 
mfiLia orb 3aB0eBaTe.iHHT-fe 3axHc.i» Ha <t>ptuptixa ti ce 

HaMHCa BT> BTiOpOca Wh 110.13a H.l ABCTpjlH. BeCTVJKeBTa 

noj6yTH^.Tb ELincaBeTa ja orBOpn bl^h.-i H.ne.iHocb Ab- 

CTpHH npOTHB'b .,HenOCTOflHHkM. ;i:ikoaihh, 6e«:lH>K0tlUHH 

h B'ba.iMpTHTe-iHHfl"* ( £>piijpHX'b Be.iwKu. 'i TvK'b ce 3a- 
XBanja 3HaMeHHTaTa cem-.TojiiiuHa BuflHa ( ! 7-V» - l7»>o). 
Bt koato B3e.iH yqac'rwe ur i? e.iHa crpana Abc rpiiH. Pye- 

CHff. CaKCOHJHH, TepMaHnH H 0[.ilHiliIH. ;l n"b LpyL'Ll 1 lpyc- 

chh, noxtpacaHa orb Aur.niH. '.in cpiB. 1 .. u^rb, B'. Ta- 

') Ha Boc^op'fe B. EB|.-oni,i. ■ k; .. 1vj7. «-r. «'»J9 
') MapTeHct. I. 107 



-Si-, 

BofiHa, pyccKHrfe boAckh ce noflBHXA Bt> CplsAite 
pona. l ). 

EjiHcaBeTa yMp-fe. neTpt III, KoftTo ijapyBa bchhko 

i-feceixa, roji r bMb o6ojKaTejib Ha $pHApnxa BejiHKH, cup-fe 

[uaTa. EKU'repRHa II, cjrfeAt Kaxo y6n mahcr ch, aoS- 

Ha np'fecTOJia n c^mo ce OTKa3a Aa npoA'bJiacaBa 

[Haia, 3auj,oTo (frpnApHX'b BejignH AaAe o6iuxaHne 1 ne 

h ctA^fiCTByBa Bb aaMHCJiHrfe h HaAt Hojinia. Ckot 

aa Aa cnenejra HeyTpauHOCTbTa Ha Abctphh, bt> Bofi- 

:a iipoTHB r b TypijHH B-Aa 3aTBopH iia Abctphh ycraTa 

CKJiioqBaobeTO Ha KafiHapAHCHiuKMH AoroBop'b, EKaTe- 

m o6±iix& h Ha Mapna Tepe3HH j\±jih Bb pa3ca^a- 

rro Ha IlojiHia. 2 ) Tyieb EKaTepHHa AaBauie upuM-kpT* 

cboh npaBHyK'b AjiencaHApa II, koBto c;&mo Aacne- 

ih HeyrpaJiHOCTbTa na Abctphh, bi* HaABeqepHeTO Ha 

^CKO-TypcKaTa Bofina bt> 1877-78, Hpfe'b Taem* ao- 

opi*, CKJHoneHb Ha HHyapnii 1876 r, XB'bpjin ft AB'fe'rfe 

)bhhh;hh BocHa h XepuproBHua. EH no TOBa me ro- 

•HM'b CBoeBpiiMeHHO. 



<»~o$<Ho«- 



') Heeren, II. 24S. 
2 ) MapTeHci,, I, 111. 



PRS^JiaT-a Ha riojiina 

H 
PyCCHH. 




Konrro «ip'h:vf» CBOHrli areHTH, ITaHmrb, OcTepiiaHT, 
m ;ipyi'M, Pyccnn Kpoeuie Ha lllBeimfl earni-h hojihth- 

'ICCK1I „KH)JIH(J)'I., U CAEUO Tb "i HOilHHT-fe IIOCJiaHHHUHZ Ka- 

M:*<:p*iiiiu"b. IVimHH'b h Ap}™ B'bpaBaxiR. Kb BapiuaBa 
HMiiiKinis tia e;uia cpaMHa h no3opHa Hurpnra h p a3 n- 
rpauax^ naft-rpnsiiaTa h yraaciia hcto; HHecica TparojiHH 
Kpa/i 11a KoiiTO frimie saniHBaHbe-ro Ha Oo.iuia, y;mBeiia' 

B'b Kp'I.BbTa Ha CBOHT'k CHHOBO. rioC.'l'fe^OBaTeJIHHT'b 8K- 

tobo iia Taan Hrpa ce HUB'bpuiBaT'i. bi> oahhx nepuo/n> 
on. *M) ■■- 40 i'oahhii u ce peamMnpan* bi, AyMHTfe: cfeft 
y ci.c'iiAHT'L' cii neype^HUM, anapxiifl, sa Aa noHrbtieurb 
TiiXHOTO HOA'HiHeHne Ha TBUfiTa B.iarrb. 

llojima (VLiue e;ma apiirroKpaTH'ieCKa penyOjiHKa 
(rvjiwunxxuiix ce c r i, ABa ncooiiu arpiioyia: napcicaTa 
Bjiacn. G'bine lie HacrbAcTBeima, a usCnipacMa; :mkoho- 
AaTe:iHaTa BJiacrb 6'buie B"i» piRivbrb na UI.ihxckhh 
cetfM'b, TA'bTo napyBanie Liberum vein t. e. upaBOTO, 
kooto HMame Bcbicu in.mxTii«n>-AeiiyTaT'i», Aa cnpe upo- 
icapBaHbeTo na kohto ii Aa e aatcoHa/iaTeJiiia uLpna, 



aaate ano caiio toA ennnt. e iipoTtia-b new.. HaCmpa<>- 
MoCTbTa Ha uapcKBH np'bcTOjn> h iujihstckoto Liberum 
ve[o OTBajiax* mnpono, Bpa'iara aa Ilojiina 3a bt>h- 
KatnaaTa HaM-feea. Etu 3aiu.o Pyccan, kohto Hail MHoro 
BCKaiue TasH aa&rbca, upcTaBH sa cboh aaaaia cnaBBaHte- 
to btj no.icKaTa fiOHCTiirynHH Ha t"B3h nsa KaniiTajiHH 
ii.iom:i. Cji'fea'b Karo auapxHHTa Stuie y3p1;jsa, Pyccaa 
hohckb ab oTitxca ruwfla Ha crobtb AliflcTGnn. Th 6-feuie 
eeqe npaRhpgajia Ilpyccaa K'tat ce6e ch ct> oi'Terjia- 

HHt'.'O IIJI BOftCKHT'B CH OTT. KOaJllinBHra npOTHHt JIpVC- 
CKHH 4»pilApirX'l, II (BojIHKHii) lip-feat CeflMOr'0/UlU.IHaTa 

mifniii. Ttfl crass in.punA'rj, paBjfBjn. Ha IloJima, kt>iil 
KoAto ce npaci.eanHn cuopo h Abctphh. Ht FyccHH ce 
ijOCTapa aa npii^cTaBn npl;/n. iiojiflaHrfe, ne bhhobhh- 
m;it;i na fBXHHT-t HeuiacTHJi e npyccHH h, na ce napa- 
3HMT. c-i- eaHKa Ha S-bJirapcitHrB pycctxpHJiH, ksto yB^pa 
dojihuht'b, ie He me hmt. ce fitpna B'l. b.rtpIjujhmtb 
paCoTH, iioucna ora, t'bxt. aa ca'saBaTb Pyceaa b'l BT.H- 

kso Ta cm iiojniTHKa. Pa36upa ce, th uairfepa cnopo, 

He e oiue no aoftpl;, bt> iiHTepec.a aa eaMHii; ITojihuh, 
HSM-feCTO ,na ce nu.KivHarb ca«o i.icth4ho ct> pyccKOTO 
IJOKpoBHTejicTBO, /[a ce B'i.cii0Ji3yBaTi. HaniiJiHO orb Hero, 
K8T0 ce npacbe.miHbT.rb oitoiiHaTeJiiio icbirb Pyccaa. 
TaKa craHs Biopiinri. pa3a , b , ji - b na Ilojiiua, a oirfejn. 
ji;i30nHiurrii."ni Ha m ■ycii'htiiHOTO B'haCTaHiie nojfj. Koc- 
TioHiKn CTaii* TpeTiinri. 11 i iocjrtmein> paajilwn. he He- 
macTiia riojiniit. Tobr cs ofJauirB q-bpTH na pyccaaTa 
nojiiiTHKa B'L Ilojiiua. HeKa BJrfsaeiit'b cera bt. (paienrie- 
CKaTa h MOflpufiHOCTb. 

Cjrfeflt- CM'bprLTa na riojicKBH itpajiii ABrycTTj ll 
(1733) iiojihuhtb iioHcitax.s Aa H36ep J Ti , n. aa TaiebBT. 
CTaHucjiana JlemaHCKH, ri.c-rt. Ha JIioflOBHKa XV, ippeH- 
ciniH Kpajib. TnBa ce n c.iyiii Ha 9 CeircesiBpHH 1733. 
OCaie, PyccHH liaM'tpa apyni KaanHaaTb, ABrycra Ca- 
kcohckh, uofiTo tiC'KEia, ve in.e m a«Ae B'b BJiafl-EHHe, hoji- 
CKaTa otwiauT'L Kyp.'uiHjmfl. Pycciiata uoflcna nt^'b ko- 
■aHflaxa Ha Minmxa BJib^e bt> Ilojiuia h o6caan HaH- 
uari. (30 1' »m hTi 1734), ra'feTO ce frhme cKpHJTb CTaHH- 
riaivi,. rioc.'iluiiairi)' Mufi+.ra npeofurli'ieai,, a Pyccnn 



pa na Heroso mIjcto ABrycTa, naTo crte ct BoilcKiirte 
ivbjih ab* roAaiia bt> rio.iina, ao IOjihr 1736. 1 ) 
Ta3H iiocTOdHHa BtHKaiuHa liairBca npii HaGflpa- 

HH6TO Ba KpaJlH p-felDH MHOrO 1IOJ1CKH M*5Kbe A3 HCKSTb 

Aa HaiipaBJiTT. np-BCTOJia naciTBACTBeaii, a cxmo 11 Aa 
yumaprnxiTh THpaHiiiecKOTo Liberaro veto. ToBa pa.iBa- 
jiHme n^aHOBerfe na Pvcchh, h eTO ana unHc;i.;<Me Ei;a- 
Tepima Aa Baaaa bt, Taeai, aoroBt^ cu OpHApaxa aa 
1 1 Anpn.iiitl 1764, 'icTB-Lp'i'MH qjieiri. aa horto rjiacsnie: 
a noH«Hce aHTepecarfe Ha H. H. B. pyccnara uapnua a 
H. B. npyccitHH KpajiL H3acKBan,, moTO noacKaTa pe- 
nyGjiHKa w oh 3aeapAH npaaoTo Aa H36apa cboh Kpa.ni>, 
to jiu lie 6n H-feKoe Jioue a« B'taeAe up'tcTOJiouaeji'feflae- 
to hjih caMOA'^pHtaBiieTo, H. II. B. pyccttara unpnna h 
H. B. npyccKHa KpaJifc ce saAJitwaBaTT. qp-feaii iiacTOH- 
njHfl TaeHi> qjieai. Aa He iicraBOJiaBarh, no Haft-p'BninTe- 
Jieat HaHiiHi>, uHKoiiy Aa jiamaBa 11 one Kara penyfijiana 
. H36npaTej)HOTo li npaBo h, mom. hoao6ho naM'Epe- 
ae 6jhp,e otkphto, t-b ce aafljrwKaBarii Aa npaS'Bi'Hff.rb 
laace ao cajiaTa aa opAnnieTO, 3a a*i 3anaawri. Heuo- 

KATHJRTH KOHCTHTyUHHTa H OCHOBHHT'B aaKOHH Ha pB- 

lyOjiiiKaTa" 1 ). Caiiioto 6hjio nOATB r bpA£HO h civbffh 5 

'OAHHI1, Ha 12o[[TOMBpHfi 1769, B'b eABHT. BOBT> AOFOBOpT>, 

Hi. eTO a ABryCTb 111 yiaapa Ha 5 okt. 1763. 
nojiHUH'i-fe actfaJiH Aa HafiepATi. CHHa na ABrycxa 
III, oGaie, EKarepana acnajia Aa asjitee no [iojijwl OTh 
caMHrfc Liojiaua h imi. np'EAJioiKHJia KaHftHflarypaTa at 
CTasHCJiaBa IToHflTOBCKH. riofiyiKA^HHfn'a iia EKaTepaai 
i HHora ouHcmiiiii. Eto KaitBo name caMa th aa cbojt 
■btRSHinci. <I>piiApasa II: .... Ott. BcaqKarB upeTPHAeH- 

[ Ha npt.CTOJia TOfi, (IIoHflTOBKKH) HMa Hafi MaJIKO Cp'Bfl- 

tTBa aa ro aojiyqa a, cnisAOBaTejiHO, Hafl meioto me t 

ItJKttH'b Ha TB3H, OTT. pAU.'ET'E Ha KOBTO I'O C nOJiy- 

ihjiV. IIOHnTOBCKH filiuie cupoMuxi , a EsaTepHHa mi- 
me Aa ro A'^pMt" qp r b3T, cy6caAHars ca, kobto enteroa- 

■) Reeren. t, LI, 103 10*. 




— 3& - 

Ha 50,000 py6.au 1 ).. ITohhtobckh 6-fenie 

HenonyjiHjiewL. b-l Hojiuia a, cjrfcAoaaTejiHo, TOJiKOBa i 

ne<re rofl iiffeuie a,a ce HyiKnae orb pyccKHrt miiKo 

i jn ce 3NKp[;n]i Ha Bplicrojia. H hmh-opth-b, TOBa, noe- 

i EitaTepnua oil cpaMeHoiHBOCTb, naB'fepHO, He Mome- 

■ ga aaate bi, hhcjboto ch, IIohhtobckh 6'feuie n - b IleTepc- 
pn. aeflHT. jho6i>bhhk-i, m, crfeAOBaTejiHo, Hefi.n. pofix. 

PojiHTa na KaflaepjiHHra, pyccKim nocjiaHHHKTi hi. 

tapmaBa, 6'feuie, npoiee, Aa noatotbh H36HpamieTO Ha 

Iohhtobl'Kh. Tbfi kslto Hftjuua hc e Gana waceJieHa ca- 

. PyccoipHJin, Hairfw^S^ mhoto xopa, kohto B r b 

(CTOHHuaTa pyccita mffSJH wG.'twTo Ha .eaofioAaTa* 

titajiH CKpHTOTO HejE^^flMipeiDte aa saajiafllie IIoji- 

. Toi'iiBii Ki(jnvpiiu;V m*Ji|i:n-ii.in canin. Maiimpecri. 

■ noJiciiiiH HapoftT., rfl'iiTtyiiRjjCjii: ^apJrOTO e khmho cjit- 
uieTO: „Ako Aeuoiia na ■.Ti.'iitara e cnojryHHJrb H"B- 

i n*Tb mi iiaMHCjiH '.'iiiia lWfeua 'jn>>Ka, to e nycii*- 
LTa HaMHCJiima, ne, aico noAbpacaMe Aa ce nsOepe aa 

i.ieldi KpiUlL ejlHlTb IIOJSHK'L, TO CMe TO IipaBHJIB l"b 

. ;ia y.'iccHiiMb >ipl;3 h b Heroao'ro ci.A'fene.TBne oTii-feii- 
n " ea irhitoH riojicna oGjibctb a cuvLpmeHHOTo hoa- 

!HHe Ha KpadCTBOTa uofli. iiariia BJiacTt. . . Hafi o6h- 
no iiafl-TbpiKecTBt'H'b ua'iHin., ie eve pliiiiHJiH 
i HOA'ijpJKiiMG HojiCKaTa penyfijiHKa bi. HacTtimuera ft 

aeaae, aeBHara CHofioaa a aatcoaa u noHene ima- 

■ iipin ■'i.|i;uH' 3ana3BaHiieTO idsjiocTbTa na IIo.acitaTa 3e- 
"r nfeMa A« hosbojihmt,, hhio me np'feTbpnHMT., top* 

i tji na ce ii;ii,-i,|inn. orb koi'oto a na e"')... 

H:iu;ii'p.iuinrb fi-feiiie Beie iipiirorBiurb hath, ht. ne- 
'Liiiii n. BaicfecTaHirb, PeiiHiiBTL, ycaopa pa6oTa - ra ci. 110 
(BanbeTo na pyccKHTfe bobckh. Tb npucTHran. „3a 

I Ce ' ■ TV I . | U 1 1 H BejIHKOTO KhjlO CUOKOBHO," KflKTO RKaTe- 

icajia na t&paApaxa a FIohhtobckB 6njii. Hajio- 
, riojima 1 ]. 3a fla orran*ri> pyccitarli bohckii 

'] CoaoaLeffi., XXVI, G4. 

') Cbnclitkii. I.ii I'lilnftuc lllu.slri't>. |l''yi'r'i,-iiTii i|ii)rtnTejT, no.m- 
k Cip, If)]. 

*} Heeren, II, 2;.-2 it Co.ioHbeHt XXV, 31*. . 



— 3d - 

no fltJiro irb Flojiuia, Pyccaa cm iiucjiyjKii ct> paamiipii- 
Hht-e, kohto Bt36yflH, Kato iioujiurH-Ti TT.fi Hapeqenan 

flHCC.HfleHTCKH HT.npOC'b. PyCCKftTa flHOJlOMamiH, KOHTO Bie- 

pa Ha EepjiHHCKHf! KOHrpectHe acKauie aa ce aajte no- 
.naTaqecKO pHBHonpaBHe Ha eBpeitT-fe bt, Ci.p6afl a Py- 
m*hhh, HCKame npeA" 130 toahhii on. Kumojmuxa ti 
■t]>rtri'h.»;)«n)ritiiMca Flo-ima aa aaae no.THTimecKO piiBHii- 
upaBHe h;i iipaBocjiauiiirrk h nporecTaHTeT'E. Ceauivro 
orKa3a.m.. ToraBa PenHHHT. ce aBaua .mi'iiio bt. ci,6pa- 

^iifTO 11 aaiiBH^'k, qe aKO He Hjn.KHs.TT. n He ce ci>r- 
iii,Y,ii. fla in iiuc-iymaTh, toB me aaxBaae fla roBopa 
4O!'0 no BSCOKO, K8TO HailOMHDJl-b CT> TOB3 3a pVCl.'KFI- 
B TonoBe, kohto 6hjih o6'bpH.¥.TH cpT5in.y CTifipilHIteTO 1 ), 
t. csiuoto Bp^Me Toft ynoTpBfitWb m nafi y&feaKTeji- 
hhh KaaauiKH apryjieHT'b: iwhxkhajiii njiajumiiT-fe: Coji- 
thkt. h 3aJiycKH, kbkto u aaaMai'a PateBycKH n ra ac- 
lipamm. bt, Caoapr. 1 ]. Tti3ii peupeeaJiHH nocTHraaiaH 
mYnivra: pyccKOTo npTJAJioweHae Sbjio npaeTO bt, ok- 

TOMBpHH 1 767. CjITiaT. TOBa H3BeflHT>Ht'b BT. HBJiaTa 

CTpaua H36yxHiRjio BT.3CTanae, noaT. bohvitl 3 .ictboto Ha 
enHCKona KpamaHCKJi fi rpaipoBerfe: llojiaHKH 11 IIotohkh, 
kohto ce aaKflljJiF bt. EapT, (tpuBpyapHH 17<>8) aa H3io- 
iihsrb qyjKaeHeua. ') TyKT, HacT^.ima aa Pyccaa Mouea- 
Ta aa ce liojihh bt. TOJiKOBa o6nqanaTa oti. ilea pojifl 
aa ycMiipHTejiKa. Ha 4 aiiyapnfi 1772 ottme cuaiuqeHo 
cnopaayM+.m-ieTo Meatay Pycciia n npyccaa, a Ha 25 
lOJiafl cAmara roauHa BJi'feae bt. Hero a Ahctpuh, 
nT.pBan pa3fl1ijn> 11a Ikumia ,,bt> bmcto Ha apTjcBeraa 
Tpoana. . . 3a aa 3ann3iATT> on e^Ha crpaHa cboht4 
HHTepecH, a ott> apyra aa npowanea*Ti, cb.iho Bne'iax- 
Jl-feime BT.pxy pa:iLMiiHfiinn ayxr. Ha nojiniuiT'b 11 aa Ha- 

lipaBBRTT. BT>3MO>KHO OKOHIaTejIHOTO yMHpOTSOpeHMfi Ha 

oreieCTBOTO hmt>" j ) j3,a BT^fiyaa no.innHTTi npOTiiBt 
I CoiDBteBT., XXVII, 2411. 
') Heeren, II, 25*. 
') lleeieu, 264-365, (T. II.) 
■J MiipTi'irc.i,, Co6p. rpaier. VI Op. 71. 




npycenfl, a nocjrh na Bin. ee hbr iioispuninejimi, Pyccnj? 
e BaebpAiaBBJia iipyccKnrfe c-bJiaaTe bt, paarpafiBaHteTo 
Efa I]",iiii;i. CAiqeap'BMeHHO pyecKHflrfe Kamyiep'h nwnie 
ii.i nocaaHHHKa cm bt. Bapinana- .,...Hhh Tpl;6Ba aa ot- 
roBapjiMe ctj urbJiiaHHe na nojicaiirB onjiaKBaHiin npo- 
thbt. llpyrcHH. HauiCTo cbrjiacwe ct> npyccKHH npajit e 
Beie nonnncaHo, 3aTOBa on. waiua cTpaiia uj,e 6*ae 
iipnTHBop-tHiie na oGp'i-,n;aiie BHHHnHne Ha onjiaitBaiiHHTa 
npOTMB-L BoficKaTa fia T03H rocnoaapb; Haiunmm umie- 
pea> uaucKia, mawo moil dit npiiniibcimea cuahq u nocuji- 
no ttOAJH/umtb it da 6xde as cbcmonuue da mt rtoMoute 
nptt OKOH<ittme.womo oOjicHeutte ct HoAvta. ') BeacpaMaeTO 
Ha EnaTepHHa n neftm-ir!; c'i.Wi3hhijh othjip ao Tarn., 
IHOTO Tb ITOHCKaXAV II HCTp'brHiRXA ci> chjib, np'Ea'bAn- 
pmnra 1773, npnaHaBaHbeTo nn. crpaHa iia Hojickmh 
ceflM't. Ha HUBbpuieHHJt orb t-ext> rpaSentt Ha iiojickh- 
Ti aesw. Kara Typn Kpatri, h;i bchihb iio.ickh 3eMH, koh- 
to ce npocTnpaTT. on. flBHHa ao HH'Biip'b, Pyccaa noac- 
kh orb IToJnna aa ce oGlimae, ie He me iiaM'kHH koh- 
c.THTyumiTa h hp lie inenpHfH;rBa ao BT>HKauiHO noapo- 

BHTeJICTBO. rio^HTlin"B CP C'bl'JiaCHXffi., H-b npH MT>pBHH 

MOMeHTh, Koraro FIicaTepiimi ("rhino orBJi1>HeHa m> eflna 
BTopa BOflHa cb TypmiH [1787—1791] rt yHHinoataxiR 
H3<5HpaeMocTbTii Ha np-BCTOJia, ksto ro HanpaBBXiR Ha 
jyrfjftCTBeHt h yHRiHCDKHx* csv]H.o h liberiini veto [3 Mafi 
1791 r.] PyccHH, ao Karo hp ckjikwh Aiiikhh aorosopT. 
ct. riopTaTii, BapjVEtue MiJiiaime. Illotrb KaTo pAH'Brb 
H ce 0CBo6«AHX*, th TypH,T, otfiobo Macicara Ha aofipOJVfe- 
TciibTa a BJitae ct, boAckht'I? ch B'b ITaania „aa B'taofi- 
Hobh cBoGoaara n rpiiHiauHCKHT't npaaajuiH", Ch itaKBH- 
to nyMK pyccKHHTT. nocjiaiiiiiiicb, UlTaKfJifiepi-b eio6- 
mil. n, h;i nojiCKHH reflM'b aaxjiyBaHbeTo Ha pyccKBTb 

BOfiCKH. 

Ha 12 flnyapHH 1793 r. EnaTepHHa CKJiioia c't. 
nunpHxa BnjixejiMa hobt, AoroBopi. aa emopua pasdtbAt 
Ha nojiiua. Bt. nero Abctphh hg aae^a yiacTae. Moth- 
bhtb aa paaji-bjia 6-bxa, ie nojmia, c.i. iiafiyxBaHbeTo hb 
,ra6ejiHaTa (bp eHCh "ti peBO-nouoa" MOmeuie fla cTaHe 

■) CcwoBfefiBT,, XX VIII, mi. 






onacHO peBOJiHiiiHOHUo rH - li;iAo, KoeTo fla 3acTpaiuaBa 
BATpliiimaTa oeaonacHQCTb h;i Pycnni n npyccnH 1 )- Te3H 
xhihhhhh ne ce 3aAOBOjmxA na oTHeMA.rb ab-et-b TpeTH 
na riojiiiia, hi, DoacKaxx otl hojickhh ce'im. na 17 Ab- 
rycTii h aa 3 CenreMBpHH 1793 r. Aa npHaiiae TQBa hi>- 
"jyBaHO s.iojiiiHHHe 3a bbkohho*). noACKiifirb cefliri, noj\,i> 
3anjiaiiiBaimeTo Ha pyccHHH rencpaji*L Hr&ncrpom., boS- 
chhtb Ha KoroTO KBapTiipyBaxft bt> BapmaBa, ce noKopR 
h tosh n*Tt h ct cpatn> h ci. CKpHTa 3Jio6a HOAIlHCa 
BTopaTa cm>pTna npHc^aa Ha OTcqecTBoro cb. 

AoeTiirtTi. has c r b HjxoHbeTo, Kaaaa [ioionopitaT«. 
— Pycctffl, cjvha.'h KaTo B3e no rojrBMaTa iacrb aa Iftwiiiia, 
nOHCKa Aa Typn psKa h Ha ocTaHiKJiaTa. Haii-Hanp-feAt 

TH HaAOHtH Ha Oojlliia eAHHt Cbb%3*b [oKTOMBpiI 1 6J 
Cfc CJI'BAyi*mHT r fe pt/CCO(fiu.lCKtt yCJIOBBH: [-0 PyCCHfl CK 

3ana3Ba npaaoTO aa uax^uheTO na Eoeiiiinrfc pa6oTH bt> 
Ilojmia; '2-o ncijiuia He MOstre Aa Bjrfeae b-l HHKaKBB cho- 

HieHHfl CT> ApynM'B flipiKflBH DL'3'T. nO3B0JieHHeT0 Ha Pyc- 

chh \a& frbJirapcKH pycotfittAcmt eaaHt TOBa 3HaiH: aa 
oCTaHein-b HesaBHCHMi. a'b batp'BHthutI: en paGoTH, a aa 
cJi'BABanrb PyccHH bt. Bi.HKanniHrfi) 3-o caoGoAin npony- 
iuaHbe Ha pycciorrfe bohckh api&b HoJima ') 

ripn rS3H nocji'BAOBaTejiHH yjtapn, naA«*AH Bi.pxy 
nojicKai'a r.'iaBa, n^Hanm-ni Ha HapoAa ce npoOyjffl n ce 
noBAiirHffL cipaiiiHOTO Bb3eiaHHe noAT. iJiauaTapcTBOTcr 
na BejiFKHfl Koctioihko. XBtpjieiia uencAy Ana nn.Hn, 
pyccKHH ii npyccKBH, rioAina HCHesns. bi. AHMa Ha npo- 
jrSHaTa iip'hBb on. pyccKaTa „ticBo6oAHTejina" pj.Ka. 
TpeTKfiT'b h noci'BfleBn. pa3A'I;jrb Ha lliuiiiia cTaaai — 
TyKT) Bae yiacme a Abctpbh — 6ea , b Aa HCKart MM 
T03i, n*Tb HefiHOTO ci.rjiaciie. Ocb'Iiht. tobr irbin. Pyc- 
can, cb aurb on IS iiaprb I795,ee npHCLeAmni okoh- 
qaTejino h KypjrHHAHH, GHBiiiaTa nojicna npouiimiHH cl 
ota'Bjiho ynpasjieHae. Cm-baI' BseHCKHH AoroBopi. an, 
1815 Pyt'CHfi B3e h □ocji'bahhh ocTarbifb on, Hi.iiuruui- 

') M.i|>TeHi'b." (.' i) impair. T|mi;t. II, -2*. 

■] HeefeH. T. Ill, 92. 

') rlJem. 



hoto nuJiuia-bSapiiiaBCKfi xepu,orcTBO. Vl3o6ii.io Pyccnfl 
Bae Vio otu irfejia nojima. 

Ttft CB'bpuiH TpareflHH'ra Ha Rojickhh napoAi.. H 
ne e jih 'lyflHo ciBiiafleHMeTo hp. HCTopmecKHrB cb- 
Ghthh, Ka*ru cJi'BflyHiin.HT'B: H(? 6'bine ce nhhajio roflH- 
Ha on. n'hpBHH paaati'i. Ha Ilojiina 11 KanKtn-B Kp-bBb 
Ha aojiCKHH impoflT. ne 6-bx.t. ome BactXHjTUiH Btpxy 
pAirfeT-fc Ha IjKarepHHH, KoraTo th paaB-b tia hctokt. 
3HaMero na xpHCTHaHCKaTa jiwfioBb ti Haitapa aa ripunra- 
Hiiwvrh bt> KioHyK'i.-HaflHapflJKa npaBOTO aa noKpoBHTeji- 
CTByBa nc*ro'iiiii']"b xpHCTHaHe! FpoaoTaTa Ha tobs ctB- 
iiaaeHne HOHte jia <-e M-BpH caMo ct. rwitKaTa My noyiH- 

TeJlHOCTb. 

OSHKHOBeHHU lipiieTtl 16, KOfiTO fl*t>p)KH p'EHBTa, 

Tofi aa Hsta nucitaHHTa ay«a, ht> to3h iiATb hhh me 
i flaxen. Ha Hauiiirfc iipoTHBHum-i. 

.PyccHfl aaBoeBasa rTo.iuia, 3amOTo iioeji'liflHHTa 
\Mumume neflHOTO CALuei'TByBaHHe". li. Ilpoipeccb. 

.PyccKaTa Mooosb e TojiKOBa BejiHKa, kojikoto i 
:ciiaTa aesfi" lie. Basottb. 

„PyceKaTa ,njii]j]OHan,nfl ce e otjumh aaJia cl iti>jihoto 
fit-ii<oi>in:m->ie >< /nimijir.niso" b. Otuacue. 

J'y'i'iiH HaKaaa Dojuua, tianro c^hht. ipwKJfam 6a- 
i Ha«a3Ba 6,iydHu,i cu cum" Ca. Munapom. 

„Pycc!(a'ra Hcropiifl e niijiHa ci. 6e<mpvdiMH<t aw 
, ki.mi. cjiaBflHerh" at. KjiHMeHn,. 



PyccHH Ha 3ana,zrb 

nptsi h cit^t ^peHCKaTa peBOJiioii,ufl. l 

i 

TeiueHCKHfiTi> floroBopi> h PyccHH. — <J>peHcnaTa peBOJiioQHA ft Eica- 
TepHHa II. — ynacTHeTO Ha ilaBJia I h AjieKcaHApt I bt* boAhhtb 
Ha KoajiHi^HHTa iipothbt> <J>panuHH. — CBemeHHflT'B ct>kr3i> h Hero- 
bhtb A'BJia. — IOjickoto Bi>3CTaHHe bt> <J>paHimn. — <J>eBpyapcKaxa 

peBOJIIOUHH. — HHKOJiaft I H peBOJUOUHOHHHTB ABHHteHHH BT> EBpO- 

iia. — AjieKcaHApt II npoTHBt HxajiHaHCKQio otfHeAHHeHHe— AjiencaH- 
;r&pT> II h 4>paHKo npyccKaTa Boitaa. -PyccHH h eBponeftcnaTa peaiamfl. 



Ilpn EKaTepHHa, cfeBepHaTa Mecajnma, Pyccua CTHrHA 
eAHH'b orb MOMeHTHTlj Ha CBoero Bceo6mo naAMomwe. Ka#- 
HapAHCHinKHfiTi> Mnp'b h AaAe HaAMomne Ha HCTOK'b, a Te- 
meHCKHfl — na 3anaA'b. Abctphh h ITpyccHfl ee cnplsn- 
Kax*R Ha 1778 no BaBapcKOTO HacjiiiACTBO. IIpyccHH 
HCKanie Aa npHCbeAHHH kt>mi> ce6e ch BanaHTHaTa Ba- 
BapnH, a Abctphh — c;&mo. Bi> tobu cnpb^KBaHwe Ena- 
TepHHa HaM'fepn yAo6HO Bp'feMe 3a naivrfeca. Th cBHKa bt> 
TeineH'L Ha 1779 r. Konrpeci>, rA'fero ce >ibh c;rahh 
Ha aBCTpo-npyccKHH cnopib h no T03H HaquHb h Ab- 

CTpHfl H IIpyCCHfl Ce TypHX/H Bb H3Bi>CTHa 3aBHCHMOCTB 

orb HeBR. l ) C;*.mo TyKb, HacAHO cb OpamuiH, Pyccnn 
CTaH;R nop^. t niTejiKa 3a HCin>jiHeHMeTo na BecTi|>ajiCKHfl 
AoroBopb (1648), CKJnoneHi. cjiIsal TpHAeceTroAiiuinaTa 
BoftHa h ko#to ypeHCAame 0TH0ineHn>rra iia bchhkh 3a- 
naAHH A^pacaBH. Pyccim cTaH/K. no T03H Haqmrb Heno- 
cp'feACTBeH'b 4>aKT0p'b bi> ype}KAanneTo na no;:iiTH4ecKH- 
T'fe pa6oTH Ha 3anaA'b. lli> Apyro oaho c'b6nrue AaAe 
ome no rojrfeMa upljAHHHa na PyccHH bl 3aiiaAHnrfe pa- 
6oth: 4>peHCKaTa peBOjnonn«. 

Th H36yxHA Aajieqb Ha 3»uaAi>, Bb $panunH, ht> 



*) MapTeHct. Me»Ayn. npaBo I 112. 



HrlimiT'l. IIJIIIM't.UM, I ■|)U3HH II .l.'IOKoGlHI 3« Til ( >i«lli_'Tli, 

cTpamuaTa peBfuimmiouHa 6ypfi noneee Ha bcbkjrjit. 
ii iHiiipa. itaKTo bi> L'^na jtbchctb ropa, on. aojit. i 
.iii.n,, orb Btpx'b Ha B'tpxi, npliMHHSi rp;iHHuin'1> 
ii Knfi 3Ha(i rfl-t urbuiejia ce cnpe. BHKOBeii; na koh- 
Bcrira QtexttS .IlaBcfeKAflii, ivvbto una np'BCTOjrb, hhE 
HHaue span.!", „Bo(iHa na najia'i'Hrli! Mnpt na KOJm6m"fe!" 

Tfcffl 0T3HBH K'l.M'L IIOpOOL'HUT'B HapOflH JUI Cl-Xifr 
pHiTli !ip r BCTO.'[HT"B, JUI Hp hRbpit.T.TI. Cp IlAHeB'BKOBHa-fle- 

enoTn'ii(.*i;a I^Bpona, nt'Tp'i.rHJRxm hh'I. napcKHTB rApAH 
BHKOBe Ha Hci'pl'.fi.'R'iiii^. i]>j»aHHHH TpliSaauie M Ce im- 
KOace! Tp-BSsauie i;i ce 3a/iyijin ..croiviaBaTa xaapa", 
KSKTO Eiiiirfpiiiia HapiPiauietppeHCKaTa peaojuonHH. ,,Bi> 
ra»n 6op6a hh Hapo^HTB opoTHBt np'ECTOJia, nHmeme 
EnaTepHua m. Oktombphh" 1798, Ha cboh nocjiaHBHKT. 
hi, CiiiiM. rjiinjn. Pa3yMOBCKii, He e pa6oxaTa c.ano bt>3- 
<' , i , r.iMijiiflBanLOTO na peaa bi. "tpanruiH. hl oiu,c h fla ce 
u'lirupit na HOtiapCHT'l; uo6t,^aTa Hafl'b t"B3H 3;it)Bp'EA- 
!!» Hii'iajia. . ." ') Ome no paHO, uxowh itaro ce no.iyiH- 
jio iwB'kTiK' ::n nocniaHiieTo Ha JIiojiOBHKa XVI, pyccfia- 
i.i naptmn 3anoB'fcAajia mi ce hcii*ai*tl bi rpHHejvB- 

JK'U'l. CpOITJj Bl'fPIKH (ppPHUH H3'b PyCCHfl, OI'ITBHTj TB3H, 
KO11T0 CI. KJliiTBU „Ce OTpeitATT. OTb [ieHCKa3aHMl"B H3- 
'[ii.i.i, ECflOB'tflBaHH li'l. I'bXIKlia CTpaHa H OT"b BCEKaK- 

bh OTHOQieHHK Li. wffi\ caMaxa". ') 

3a 3.iomacTBe, Ei;axepnna imame ToraBa Bofina 
ct TypuHn, a orb jipyra t'Tpaua riojima 6"Bine bt.3- 

CTaH.Y.Jia, 11 MOHHDTO BHHMJIHHO 61)Uie HOrAJIHaTO BT> jl.B'B- 

rl; rb3ii CTpsiHii. f'epoiiiecita Dcuima He aafle na Pyc- 
chh fla BJiiiae B'b iiTipBaTa KoajmUHH h cnacH no Toan 
Hamuli oppencKaTa peBOJiKiiuiii. Hafi me BHjuiM'b owfi 
BCAH'bucb GjiarapoAHiui noJiei.H HapoflT. ja npHHacn c&- 
maxa nuMoiub. riaBejn. B3e yiaexne bt> axopaxa itoajiH- 
h,hh. Bi HxajniH macmeTo na iieioBHTi; boAckh ce yc- 

MHXHA, H r b Hpit LI,RjpHX'b (fjpeHUHTB paafillXSi OKOHHaTe.l- 

ho cbJijiaTerb na KopcaKoea Phhckh. CiUmata yiacTb, 
kohto nocTRi'HA afopaxa eBponeficFta koujihuhh, uncTHr- 

'] MapTfiHct,, Ci.GpriHKe Tpairr. II cip. 281 h 282. 
') MapTeHcii, MoiK^yH. njiaso 1 crp. 115. 



H*. no Ki.cm» h fljiyi'iirli KOajimimi. hi, ihjht<i A.ieic 
caHHpb I, koJIto HawrkaH 6am.a ch, e^-feat koto ro yfii 
— Baeuame jvfeaTejiHo yiacrfie. 

HannaiHO e aa oiiHCBRBe Tyit'b, Kant, c;il;n itai 
Ilniin.ienH'biiaBTjpiiJH TaKTHiPCKa-ra rp^mna aa rje yBjrfr 
'ic hi. (SeajnoflHH-rfe h rojin pyccKH CTenw 6-feme nnfvl,- 
Item. C% nocji'ijtHHTa GiiTisa npa BaTep/100 bi. 1815. 
EaponeflCKiiTa MoaapxuHecica Knajimtafl paafia noejrbj- 

HHT'li OCTBBKH .OTT. peBOJUOUMOHHaTil (ppeHCKa BOHCRSb 

On Taaa aaTa HacTj&nBa TMmaTa enoxa aa Ei- 
poua, Tlo6l3flHTejin'rli oprmiHsiipu xa iiojinrii nee koto lep- 
ho ct.ua KJiHTtie, Hoceiye macro: Coemein. etBRffi [Mo 
pajma rieHTapxiuiJ. Toaa clh.3Tj BHece bt> bchukktb at 
,ih 11a Efipona i\."L].)tbhjio h yatarb. rjiaBBTa na TaaH Heo- 
Syaflana Niafina orb BJiaateTejiB Stole AJieKcanapTi I, 1 
jiymaTa ii— itpaiHHH HeayuTHin. MeTepHHxr.. Bt miHyrH' 

TB Ha J'MC'I'BeHHO DpOHCHHBIlHte CaMO MeTepHHECb 3a«B* 

wane ie „EBpona Bfl-bXBa anecb cbCTpaaaHiie B-b ayxo 
BHTHfl HOB'Nin- it yacacb bi. ao6poa , BTeJiHHfl". 1 ) 

CBemenHHH'n. chmi, Taaa noJiHTimecua cfeftHpa, aa- 
xuai-.Yi .[.;) Tptfia bchiko L-boyaeno B'b Eaporia. V|iemaa- 
abTO iia esponefipKHT'li pafiotu naBaiiie Ha h-OHrpecwrfc 
Wfei'o eflHo cji-I',ati ;ipyro B'(. Axein. (1818), KapjicfiajOfli 1 
Bjkbu (1819), Tponay (1820), m> Jumoain. (1^21), I 
p-faim Aa lie ce^aBaTt na0 MajiKiiT'li .iHdepa'iHii p('(|iopHB, 
aa ce noTyin*.T'ii usGyxHiRJiHTB TyKT> Tatrb Bi>3CTaiqH 
ABCTpna frfcuie itaTOBapeHn aa norymii neaiiojicKOit 
■. a <J»paHuwi BtKtmrpecea 11a Bepoaa (1822 r.] 
AS aoryiHH HCnaec-KOTO. TTocjiliAHfl'ra M'tpict aa aHrjia* 
i-'iann iipasHTejicTBo ceoTttaaajio aa noaTB'bpaii, hi. CBeme- 
muln. i;bbY,3i. npo;n-iiKaBa,i*ij ct> oeraHSiJiiirB lerupt 
Xi.pjKami. 

Bt> 1830, ai. bijihii, n36yxHJi bt> 4>paHi.inn pfBojuo- 
UHjiTa npOTHBi-. RypfioBurk. Hanojiafi I, Hac.rBUHHKa hi 
A. in.'. 1 -in .(pa — 'lOB-fefCb 6e;uKajiocTeH'b u 6e3CT>pA<?iejri, 
tuna BTBflyinHB rpeaa, 6-feme roToer, aa ce crposiojiRCi 
Haai- •PpaiimiH, aa BtflBopn othobo Tasti. BypOoHHTfc, 
M-mmiiMiuMn, hl TVKi. lbUiT. ce >3bii Flo-iiua, KoaTo ci 

'I Memoires du priuee lie M«llernich. Ill, 24fi, 



►oBckoto ch Btsci'aHHe cnacH ome bojih'ukl (|>peHCKa- 

pOHOJIKIHFIH. 

Efri (peBpyapuft 1848 r. napiiacL nam- ce a&ywa 

, npliMijuaTa on- f>npnKa;tB. Hi. tobm uatl TpyeiT'i. 

HOBBTa jHBtwiKmmi ce noneee bt- BCBlHKTt lunpHiiH 

EBpOriC'lCKHH KOHTlliieHn.. .UliriiAXA Ce FepMilHHfl, 

[, Abctphu, i'limpim, lli'a.Tna. PyMAiiHH h Ap. 

6jiam;i,apen'i, mompht-i. a;i ohmh rpe.ua, kohto 

aa, ^aitauie bi. IleTepSyprb aa nponBH cboh ct-ji- 

i renun? Eto Hmtojiafi cc Hcnp'BMBa cp'Emy peeo- 

mHOHHUH iiotokt.. ToB nHme mi OpHApHxa BujixeiiMa 

, tipyccKHfl Kpiuib, ie, awn psBo^iouHOeHHrt CTpeiuie- 

i He ce np^KpaTiATTi Bi-PipyccnH, to Toft me ce na- 

i bt, paSoTurli, aamoro ..rioatapa bi. cicbflHara ka- 

I aariJiaiiiBa nerosaTa cofiCTBewHa". ') Bi. caihoto Bp*fe- 

4anCKHTB npOBHiiniii], c r b htjmcko Haccaeiriie, 

Ijieannn. 11 Xojimamn., H36yxHA Bi.acTanHe. Ha 

fuyii|i'li rh BcJiKaitBa noMomt on. crpami Ha Hpyc- 

Hmtojiafl I upoBOflH pyccKKTa (p;iora bt. Konea- 

EtT. aa nouara na .HaHiiH. -) H r L, noraTO no klcho bi. 

I, TOBa BG'ie npii AjieftcaHflpa IJ, JldHaiaa Kpajib 

WCTHUHT, IX H3aafle KOHCTHTyHHH, HOflTO pai'-OpOCTpe 

i IDjiesBur-L a XoJimamn., a IIpyccHH My OTBopa 
la, Pyccini He Hamipaiue an hshocro tosb ijati. #a 
• 3acTAnn 3a flaHHfl. 

KaTO aanjiamaanie <tpnjipHxa Bnjixe.iua IVci. eoh- 

, ;iKO lie cnpe pi:BOJIKlU,HHTa, HnKOJiafl CAmeBptBeHHO 

■ anHBH KaTeropimecKH, ie toiI e npOTHBt uChchbhij- 
leTo Ha repwaHHH 1 ). 

Ottj FepMaHHH HnKOJiafi npIiHece cbohte fffeflcr- 

t -BT. ABCl'PHH, ratTO B1.3CTaH0BB Ha np-BCTOJia H8T0- 

hhh OpaHUT. Hociapt n acnpaTH pyccnn bohckh &r yc- 
ipflBan- BTjBCTnuA.niiTB yHrapmi 5 }. HnKOJiafi He ce 3a- 



(jjapnriinena (bent eiuie 1817 (r.i. Ho/ina I'ur. 
h Typuiefl. AyHiiflcKau KannuHiin 18W— 1854 r. r. on. reHe- 
i, Haflopi. A. H. IleTpOBt. C. IlerepCypri. 189(1. T. J tip. 15 
') A. H. IleTpoBi,, cTp. 15 (T. 1) 

. H. nerpoBL, T. I. crp. 28 n 28. 
1 H. crp. lb*. 



JIOBOJIH AS HCTpfe6« yHrapi'KHT'li B r l,3C'niHHH'J,H, HI. lip* 1 

AtW bi. p*irBTfj Ha rfexHa-ra iipHrkcHHTOJiKa, &.WTJH 

BCIWKH ILTBHHHUH yHTapD.H, KOHTO AsCTpBH H030pBO H36b' 

Ci&AfiaTa CKopo tmrbCTH a Ha rpo3HHH Hm-ojinfi 
HopiiJKeHHeTO npii CeBacTOnojn. ro ci,6opH orb bkco 
khh naeaecTajn,, r/i'feTO 6'Bxjk ro Typajiu Ht-i objt 1 1; 00/ 
I. Tofl He Mo-wetue, fla np-BHece nosopa n ce otpobh 
llpii AjieKcauapa II Pyccufl, no AyMarfe na Toj 
iflKOBa, ee .ci.B3eMiune", aa a^ ctfiepe cmjih h otm'lci 
i BaueceHQTO 11 nopajKeaHe. 1 1 1. rn, pas6»pa ce, ne i 
uTKHiiuauie ,na yiipawHH peaKimoHHOTO ch aaBJieniie Ta* 
KAfl'fcTO Monteine, Bi> I860 r. th ce oShbh npoTHBh Hti 
jmaiicKOTO oSHeAHHeHHe, Kaxu onerjni h cboh nocnaHHiu 

■ TypiiHt 1 ). Bt 1870 th wopajiHO nosiarame ua 
stapKa Aa ho61;ah •I'paHiiHH. HsBliCTea e Te^erpaiuia' 
na BmixejiMa I, HcnpaTena ott. Bepcajib ao AjieKcaHAj 
II: ,Cji-BAf> Bora Ha Bac*L jLi'tBt*. nofrfeflaTa en*. 
CHfl noA^pHtaine TepMaHRH, 3aujoTo nocjrBAHHTa noAt] 
Bcame Pyceiin ea JIoiiAoncitnn nporoittwrL, komto aaj 
l PyccHH OTHeTHTB ii no riapiuHCKHH TpaKTaTb npaB 
bt> MepHO Mope 1 }- Och-ehtj TOBa 6eayn oto h Gea'ioB'fc'iH 
rpaoBamie Ha ABlirfe ippenc-KH iipoBMHUjiH XBLpJinuie, kslk 
to ffcpaiiniifi, tlh a TepMaHRfl Hb pAJXETB na PyccHfl 

Ha BCEi-^A'fc, kaji-eto e Hwajio npouaBoji'b h 
cajiHH, PyccHH ce e fraaBa.ia Taut Aa ro HOAA^pHta, 
bcbkaaIs, itaiA'BTO e nsiajio AeMOKpaTHHeciio ABnatenni 
Pyccnn ce e HBHBa/ia Aa ro 3aflyuin. Kto aaino c» h, 
•bjiao ncHoaaTejiHii AyMTirfc ua cppeHCKBfi connaJiHC- 
"lOjrb TeA'b: .Pyci'BH e rpi.GnaK'bTb na KHpnueficKa 1 



*) H. cTp. 18. 



■) tji. ,3yHa.B0KbiS JleOefli." r|.,i : h'i^i i 
uauttu nliCTHHiii,. 1860. 6[>. fip. Ii n 10. 

') Tji. ptibTu Ha BwcMapua np-fejn, Paitaei 
(b. CHo6oaa GpoA 123). 




FjiaBa n'bpBa 

PyCCKMTt HieHTH 

3a2*maHiiern Fia I'ki'pa Bojiukh h nT.npijeT.Ti, ;ia ftm-obhm ftBTWt- 
lii'iHm -i i. . — I 'yvcKHT* CTpeuentii KijMT. [lapm-paSTi— • BoBKHO CTpaTe- 
iii'ii'i-l.titI; MOTifiiif : :i flitch item h.t Encipopa an orfipaHara Ha 

Pyi-Cllfl. — T'l.|.ir01M. , KO-HK0H0MH'ieCKI>T0 SHaieKHe Ha ];(ji'i]iu|.1! :v, 

F'yi'i'ifH — HeyTViiiJiHiiiiUHtrTii Ha npfwiiiBHT't;.. — l'(ci.-iiHiH.'T<i Ha Pyccnfl 

la fi»;ie iiMHii ii HCKJiwiBiejiHa rncntwpica Hani HepHO-Mope 
ii [||iii ilium Ji^.EcTeciTieHHOTO npano" na PyccHJi irtpxy aoarbn- 
BBTii. Ho-HaTaTT.uriiiiT'1: HantpeHHH na Pircciui-BT.npocT.TTi aa 
n^purpaai. jit. np"lj]iieTo iin EnaTepHHa II. — H^itHiiTb npHroTnBJi(?HHH 
aa pp-tBaeHaHheTn My.— MiitnucTo n nTsflcTBHiiTa Ha Hmro.iaH I nn 
L-avuiHH BT,upucb. — HoJlHaTa npT!3T. 1877-78 h UapurpajiT.. - /[Heni- 
* B'uipoca. 



Bt> tcihkh 8 h 9, bt> cBoexo npoiyro aaB'iimaHne, 
[IeTjrb BejiHKH octaBn Ha cBonrb HacjrfyuufHH 3aBJia«-fe- 
bhhiiL'to Ha LlapHTpafli.. 1 ) ABTeHTHiHt) JiH turn anowpHtp- 
ho e aaBTjiuaHHeTo Ha IleTpa BejiHKH, TOBa hhh ue aaa- 
ein-.. AjieKcaiiflirt. II aajiBaBaiue, ne to TpfeGBa fla oe 
OTHece is'lm'l .ofijiacTbTa Ha hbmhcjihijht^ Ha hojihth- 
lecrtara MiiTOjiunia". 1 ) H'i, ;i,a ho HenycTHeHT, ;ia ua)KeM"b, 
ie TOtta :iafiBJKHiu* pyccKHfirb aapb npaBijiue bt> ua.n- 
BeiepaeTu Ha PyccKO-TypcicaTa BOfiHa, KoraTO PyccHH 
Base nan MHoro HHTepecH Jia na iijiamu H e^pna a 
yi.fi eeie CKenTHiecKa EBpona. OcB+JH'b TOBa, cami/m. 
$aKT'b 3a aBTeHTHiiioerbTa iia saB'BiuaHneTO H'!;m;i iiit- 
KaKBU 3HaqeHHi'. ;i.']iiiOi'Bn]iia n nocT.T.iiKirrK eiu Pyecna 
bcho c* noKa3t)a.in, ne HefiHOto eawfepeHHe e 6hjio ii e, 
ffBflCTBHTejiHO, 3aBoenanneTo Ha U,apnrpaj[T.. 

'I Elihu Rich. Oi'i-manv an J France. Pi.4i?m<.ist.i?r Jquare 1884 
T. II. p. 198 iDp-flne'WTaHO bt. .The Echo' London) .Mi 8, fi64. 

'] TjieHapi, PyccKO-TypcKa Btifina. EnnaoflT,. llptirn-.Ti, Tiih- 
lupoHi,. CTapa-aaiojui 1887 rrp. 2;".. 



- 4fi — 

rto6y)KAeii!if[Ta, kohto Kapart PyccHH i<t>mi, toi 
ca MHoro. Hnii me ocTaBHUt lyich ctBC-iurb na i 
TOBa, mo coCcTBeHHO B.iH3a bt- Jiereu,naTa, a He bt> hcw 
puma team. n'bpBHTls pyceitn khhslc, kohto nojiy 
SpaCTBaBCTBOTO on. BgsaRTHir, oi:t;iH(¥vJ1H nopa3eiiH c 
BejiHKOjrfeiiHeTti an BHSaHTufteKaTa CTOJinna n en TypHJ 
Ha y»a iwieefiBniiaeTo it. CeTH'fe hhh me pasrjieaaMe i 
eaHa OTAtJiHa rjiaBa Hflemi) Ha cjraBflHin{mjinrB, 
kobto U,a purpart Tp'BOBa jut L-TaHe CTOJiHuaTa i 
AiT-man llcTOiiio-npaBOcjiaBem. CT.B&3T.. ') A Tyiti. 
paarjieflaMe ii np-fcTerjniM-b cumo peaJiHiiT-l; nofiyjKjteHi 

Ha pyCCKilTil JlHQJlOMailHH. 

Bt Taaii cmhci.jil uphihhht'E Ha pyecnoTO ci'p< 
.lem-ie icbMi. IJapiirpa/n. ce CBoatflaTi. KtM'L nah I'oji'b 
iiaTeropHii: upHiimii BoeHHO-CTparerHiecKH h iipuHw 

Tb p TOB C KO- 11 KOHOM H 1 eCK H . 

Hcica biijihm'1, irbpBO Boemio CTpaTeriiiecKJ 
pyccKH HHiepecii. 

PyccHfl — mime Hoaoe BpeMit — k&iq i'T*nH i 
liocipopa 1 ), ei> caMOTO TOBa me Hojiy^H b'i.3mojkhocti 
rta np'ferpnji.H aa BcfeKora floi'Tjwm Ha B'LHKaiuHHrB <pjiw 
at. HepHoro Mope, KoeTo me cTaHe name batp'buj 
C3epo h lie me una ayatfla Ott. HHKaKBH ltpLnocTH i 
cbobtb Gp/Broae, 3a ;ia ra 3nmnTHBa. A ahucb 
Htaaara ce ci.cnnBa na nofltpata earerojuio no fiIikoj 
ih.|i](Oi; i:r'HH HpHUOCTH bt, TOBa Mope — HllKOJiaeKfc, 
BacToiioJi'i., Kep'rb, Doth, EaTyM'b 2 ] h aecam 

KH, HT> CHJIHH yKp'SHJieiHIH H 0,'bpHtH B1. T'hXHHH ]l:lHOI 

okojio 80,000 cuijmTe. 

I^'BJlOTO TOBa TeiKKO II CKJ&HO BlOp^HtaBaHbe I 



'] JleOHTbOBK. Loc. Cil. 339 cip. T. L 

') EocipopT,T-fc e Dporaua, icofiro cieaiiHHBa HepnoT' 
MpiwopHoTo. a /lapj.anMci!Jrrt— M]um'>|ni'iro ci. ApiHiien 

') IIo Bep^HHCKiin noroBpi. BaTyMi Tfli6naiiie 

Ht'J'Tpa.inO l'Br)fifl,HHl i [||>K'"I'ilM|[(Ue, HT>, IXPTfl HaJ*yCPHl 

th napymana <p JlaHr I ial ' T,IIJ K("T> 1lm, ' l(1,n rpmnan.. it 
irfccTQ — KaiiTO uaii|.i]iM'l:]ii. hj, i"ii,.irri]H'brr.>Ti> oteflHtieHiie l 

HaTH Kpjl31! — TH C6 UpliUOpiDlil Bl HCTOBll jiEiaeM'BpHa, f 

CTBeima H rnpeuia auuliTHima. H. II, 



BairaiiiHO, worn, KaTO PyccKfl liojjyqH bt.smohc- 
»CThTa aa np'brpaan aapaBO Eoctpopn, n Toea aome Ha 
raiie c*l Haa rojrbM'i. yc.n1.xi>, aito ce iiapejuiivri-., bchiko 

HfOJJKO u;rn.'|iilll [10 fip-brOBert Ha EoCiJiupa. H|il',:iT. 

'OBHTB TfecHH BpilTH, 3ilTB0peHH C'h TOIlCIBerB, He IIJ,e 

r*. II. ,l;i Ce HpHSjlHlK.tATL IM.M'L MHpHHTE SptrUBe 

laiUeTll HepHO HOpe HHKaKBH ftO&aeCTHH (pJJOTH. ... 

i'ub;i e m.-H'iKo, KOeTO hh TptOfla. Toisa e miijjko (sir-), 
j npaBo e Ha ej,HH'b bc!hkt= napeH*b HEipofii 
fla flo6He roji'BMa'ra bi.3mohchoctb 3a HCHffie bt, Mnpi., 
e 6oa on. HarjiHT-B BHKose Ha rpaftHTe.iH m aa 
i nerOBOTO aanJiaiBBaflBe. . .">) 
ntpBHflrh HHTepecii, kobtb iiMa Pyccas fla BJiafffee 

"(Opa, Ce C1.CT0M, C.TEflOBaTeJIHO, B'Ev IierOBOTO KpafiHO 

lanTii'ieciai BHaienae. Tbbh up-BHMymecTBa ca toji- 

: OieBHjl.HH, HI! e H3.1HU1H0 Tyii'h fla TOBOpiIM'l. HOBeie 

ixy Tbx'b. OcBoSofleiiaTa BoeHHa eiieprnn, cLcp-fe/io- 
meHa cera bt, aauiHTaTa na lepHOMopcKm. pycCHB 
pyccitoTO upaBHTe.itTBO me BaeoiH Torasa b-i. 
toikii na cBOHTa eBpoiieficKa hjih a3Hn*i'CKa 
hmhu. 

H'i. Hepao-nope, a, cjrE.aoBaTej]Ho, h BaajvBBHeTQ iitt 
. Bpaiii, BoctpopT-n., np-feacTaBJiHBa 3a PyceHfl n 

T3M0 HKOHOMH'ieCKO-TbprOBCKO 3E.a i ieHHe. rTp'B37. 4Cp- 

mopCKHT'fe npi.cTaii.ima ce nsBLpujua h3hoct.tt> Ha paa- 

[HHT-fe, a OCOGHO 3PMJieA'liJ!4t'CltH IIpOH3Bl.7l.eHHH Ha HO 

-liHara lacTb on. KMKua fiyccan. Ocb-eht. tobh bt. 
mo Mope ce b^bbbtl nun-ro.TEMHT , t boahh rbprGBCKB 
epnu Ha mama PyccHH. Taita, „Eoc(popT,TT>ce aunm 
PycciiH ycTHeTO, ipT;3T> Koero BjiHaam. bi. Cp-BairaeM- 



') EwponeflcKin KoauepTT, una Comi Kohthhch- 
hxt. neimiiiBi.?! [a, „HoBoe BpttMH," li/2fi 4>eH|iy;i[.mfi 
r.| TaaH CTaTnn, Kaitro 11 bcii'ikiitI; .ipyj-ii rruTHn no Btn- 
inaT.i nojHTHEo, kohtc ce nurafliTi. bt. H. B. im. otaIwhh sarjta- 
e iir ii pa man. h;ih HHyinaaaxi Hanpano on KaHlienapHflTa na 
Ha BliHKalUHHTB pafioTH. Un Hinari.KL mi(i uie jafleici 
ihii|!ji;ii»ii'rii jon;i3:iTejiCTBo Ha tobs, a cera me aaO'lyrbwrnrfe 

MMii, 'If i'i l,.ll'ajM.'FtlM liVi'f'iHliincKH BTVTHIiKT. ,3 a K O H H C T L* 
"B'tpjll f.Y.IHHT UlllillKallll!. •!•• i-Alt(HT;i iil|lHIIIIH.Tl(;t JIHqROCTlia 

<obto mime rraTHii bt. IIoboc IlpoMJi 

pm, 111! ■ FI HT, C. II. H-tjlllOCTB. 



— 48 — 

HO MOpe BCHHKHTfe BeflHH JVIilHIIIl U'l'.Ktl, TeKSHHI Ha K)n 

ocbIsht. cflHii liojua. II/haHa orposina pyccKa paBHHHa b 
i Bi, Saccefiaa Ha Eoeipopa. JlH'fenp'b, JJohi., /Inlicrj: 
Ayrt, Kyoam. — bchhko Toaa c* caMO npHTORB 
Boc<popa J '), Hcho c, 4e, K0.1TU HJirijiliL' Boctpopa, MOJH 
krto noiiCKa, Aa napaan3Hpa irfejiaTa K»KHa pyccKa r 

hto AHecb, a om;e noBeue ct, nocTOHHHOTO pas 
sariifi Ha BOflHH ctoSinemiH, me ce ll:tH l.plllBn 

llpllrTHHHIII,ai'it H;l Tl.'iaHflTPJlHHTfe pyCCKH HMKIJH p'BHl 

kohto ce BJiHBarb Bt HepuoTo-Mope h nptai. upiicn 
HHmara Ha cbhoto nope. 

TB3H qepHO-MOpCKH pyCCKH TbprOBCKH HH'rep 

rw e (popMyjinpa^'b onje np-feflu no.noBHHi. b-bht> 

Hhkohbh I, koAto bt> 3aa«eHHTH(i en paaroBopt. 

JIopA't Xamurrom. CefiMyp'L Ha 14 (peiipyapnft 1854 r 
3a Koflro mo rOBOpim no ceTfffe - 

B A3T> He me [i03BOjibn Ha TaKaBa eaija chjihu fl'Bpacafl 

ttaro Ahtjiiui, aa 3aewe Bocipopa, Hpi;3T. koRto JXa'hnpr 
i JXout> ce cboomaBan. ct. Cp^ffHaeuHO nope. Ti.fi i 
o 4qii!OTo-Mope jieHHt newfly il»a-b, /tH-fenp-i. n r 
la, to BJiaAH'ieci'Boro nafl'b tosh npnjiHBi. 6h paat 

pycCKara ri.pi'oB.ifl h on BaTeopHJH) nuCTsna Ha i 

Ta (pJioTa m> i ptAiweMHOTo nope." ') 

HcHOCTLTa Ha HCKasaHH-rB ott. Hhkojkih 1 , 

hh ocBOfioMtJiaBa ott. HyacaaTa aa npaujiMT., caKBH-n 

Aa e KOMl'HTapHH. fH, KaTO H3.<HlSKHXlie ROKHHO-CTpalt 
THHeCKHTf. 11 TbprOBCKBTfc MOTHBH Ha PyCCHH, Hll3 Tfjf 

Ba aa oTO'b.TbHtHU'b, hl- Bb cmhc b.-ibTa iia pycicaTa J 
.lOMimna [Utpurpaji-b it EoupopbTt ntuarb 3Ha'ieHiie i 

> on. BoeHHo - cTjiLnerHHecKii n He 
opaHHTejina, kojhioto, Katcro me bmahht., ott. Hmtnda- 
nit'.iHa rJicflHa TOina. 

H. uaacTHHa, Hua eaHO ptmeHiie. kooto mm a°- 
fip-fe ycHropHBa pyccKHrfe TiproBciui-eKOHOMHiecKH im- 



') P 



,;. |.., 



-J r u i: u n » h ip p 4 n u i n >i 

17/29 HHyapiif!. 1897 (As 75041, 

'i Pot Annenia. ffibal is lo I 
policy of Ruada (bj Haecoll 1 L i 
ber Bj I8B6 London). 



I Eocipoi>*. (Hob 



done? - XJ. The 
ta ilj i'hr ..in g 



■ Bp« 



nolo- 



I 



repecu Ha ion.; to e netiin)iii.i>t.mHnxma Ha ilpojiHBHrh: 
Eocipopi.Tk n AiipaHiitMHrfe. Iloflo6no Ha Cye3CKHH ita- 
HaJii., iipojiHBHTt. CTaBan. mmno cboOo^hh aa _bchikh 

T-hpi'OBCKH H BneilHH KOpafiH, MHHyBaHfeeTO Ha KOHTO HH- 

koh h no H!iKaKT,Bi 3 naniim, we on Moatejn. aa enpe, 
hBgt DOBeie, 4e no bchikoto npoALJUKeHHe att i -Ijxhht-Ii 
SptroBe hc 6h ce cipoiuin kj/bhocth. Tosa pfeuieHBe as 
BtnpoCR OTT>pB;ioa Pyc.c.HH on. onaiHocTfaTii aa bhah 
h/uihl ;ii'HU Bocipopa saTBopeiib h Reftaara Ti.proBHH 
napaJin3iipaHa. H'feapi iioneie: Pyccim me MOwe fla era- 
Eta bt> cHJiaTa iia Toua pfeuieude earn cp-tviHe-JropcKa 
ft^pataBa, aampro eBono/mo me MOwte jia en nponapna 
BoeHHHT'b Kopafiii iipB3i. flap^aHejiHT'ti. ') 

Huiu'iHiia, TOBa fin oi'BopiuiD pyccKHrfc 6p1sriiBe, 
in., m. T03ii cjiymi'i, I'yi'rnii me ce Typii bi. m >;iojk<>- 

HHt'lO HH apyrHTB I'Hp'ini'Hi'KU fl'bpMtaBH. He WR JIH CA- 

in.0 rtfi oTBopeiin 6p - BroBei-B iia Ahfjiha, <I>paHH.na, Hxa- 
jihjt, Abctphh, repwann3 n apymrt HopCKB Kbpmaaa? 
npo'iee, otti r,if,uia TOiKa Ha n(Jmwi"E eBponcficKii hhtc- 
pecH, on rjre«na tonici im MeHtiiyiiapojinoTO npoBo n 
Ha uapn, on. HCKJUomirejiHa rjiejiHa to-ikb Ha pycCKHrfe 
ThproBi^Kii nHxepecH, HeyTpajiFiaaumrra Ha jT.ap/umejiHT'fe 
h Bocipopa ci' Ha Jiu ivi. Hi. OTfipH hiltojiiio othoihuhhp Pyc- 
ciui iiBMa ,ia nocTpafla. HaooaKH ct HeyrpajnraapaHzeTO 
mi npo HiBJirt; ce OTCTpGHHBa Hafi-roji-BMaTa np-b'ma aa 
uapHOTO paap'liineHHe na Hctoihhh Bi.npocT.. Pa3p , fe- 

'i l>n, aa ire mvii'un'iuafiMft rrrh Bi.npoc.a, hh(1 me noMedfiMi. 

ctiMa frferiio, 'ie Toua ifl'.iiicum'r i 1 nail ii'iunf m> aa fiT.-irajiniihi'rt hh- 

Tepecii, HiiLuiirtTi. ■ie[i)ii')Mii[.icf<ii D|rhn e ^KTpjuiLimiHT, ott> eaaa. 

■ mi. !i|'ii iiHeiiiHCTo ucuomeHHe Ha paOuTurB, upH He- 

AOCTKIIHW.-TliTil Ha lepHUTO Mope 3il lyHtaHT* HOCHHH <J)J10'I'M, Pvc- 

chh e iruma rounf>na]ina Ha 'iepwoTo Mope, hi. ano npojiHBBrlt 
CTaH»TT, cboBojihh .<:< eBponeHcKHTt i[i.'iutii, nocJifciHHTb me napa- 
^uawpaTT. pycciiHTa nueiiiia in.ia. Tniw iipurniiiipli'ine Ha Ourrap- 

CKHTB BOfHHil HHTepeCH C't pVCCKHT* Tp'tfi&IOie 33. QTO'fiJillHtHMT, 

oco6ho jtHeri., koi'mto pyccuiljiurrmirh n'BWiuiuH tjuk6ikti> ti'MHaia 
lionaflapHiicri. h.i utiTftpWMrts h» PyccHB c% rba» "a E'Mra.pnn. Tfe 
roBopiKTi. na bcm'iko, KiiTii saiipaHiiTTj, panfmpa ce, nafl r^aBHOTo: 
cauuePTByKaiiHeTO Ha e,ina neiaBBfilia n no/iimi'iin.-n caHO- 
I'.TOHTe.iHa BtJirapiiii hp p in, mi i ■■|if-;i hi pvitkuiii T|j;i.iiuuh>h- 
iiii bmhthkh 



mem, nocjitflHHfiTi, — na.ua a MHJiiri'apncTH'iecKHfl koOJ 
Miipt, koBto jtymn CBnOoaHOTO fiaSfiHTiie Ha KapO;un"b 

a OCOfijlO HCTOIHHTE 1 ). 

Taan Hftes en e nponapajia jiati. h bl pyccRHi 
yenBepcnTt'Tii. Hxa upG<peceopn Ha MeHCAyHapoAHoTo 
npaBo, kohio ECKBTt uoaoGho p'feriieHne iia Bi.iipoca 3 
BpoflHBBTfe, Meat Ay rfcxi. e Haiip. npcxp. KomapoBem 
t$wau roflHHa, iip-bfl-b C. IieTepGypmfHH HcropaqecKH (p* 
KyjlxeiTi, ;i:imiiTiiBan]f cAutara i\nen h iipoqpeeopcKfi 
itanAHAarh r. JKHrapeBT.*). Hi. TOBa MH'feHHe, KoeTo <, 
n3Anra HajT> rfecHHrfe mouumicTH^ecHB it :iaBoeaaTejiH 
pyccitH HHTepecH, ce nocpisma ct> eanHi. B3pHBt m i 
roAyBaHHD orb ,,naTpni)THTE". „ . . . ToBa e, name mpa 

UH03HUH (IBTOp'b BT. HoSOe Ii/if'M)t, [in fl-KOMH'lt'C'liOTl) 1] 

pasfJHpnHne iia Hafl-ecTecTBeHHarfe BJi'tqeaafl h ncropn 
4ecK.11 itpaaa Ha PyccKHH napciAb . . . Up-feo6Ji<t,iai*mei 

BJIBHHIie Ha PjCCHH B'b HCTOHHlirfe p.'l60TH AaBa H 6ec 

nopaoTiJ npaBO na uco6hh lipoma ymecTsa a iipn p-bme 

HHeTO Ha HcTOIHHfl BbllpOCb. 3a mo npOTHBT. BI"feKai(B 

jioniKa, Pyceiin TpiifiBa mi ve y;i,OBj)eTBOpH na npaiu 

BHTB OTl. C*mHTfe fJieCHeHRH, KOHTO im IKuy'lH II Ht! 

Jliifl, Tbfi Karo CBofoftaTa Ha n.iaBaHbeTO rip-fen 



, 06. 



I BBRtpH, 



i iicua Boc'<()op;i it «e ct arSp 
ie npH.iHaaa h orb pyccKBT 



.Ako ptutHTa Ha Pyccw) Ha leptiuTO Mope ce cBMKflal 
ktjct. ycBTOpHBaBMTO GesonacHOCTivra h« wfeGopoflmrrfc vr* 

< rj'fiepiTHH. in. L'cfitTDeHHo Kaaano, H'bMaine aamo fla.ce iii'ibabi 
HJpOCt, nB nam hbkoH He e aaiuiaaiBOAt, Haioirrb kdhhh up 

HHU i! w aB-fccTii ru.iHHH He e uiia.'iri iipuH'Eip'K mom hIucoJ , 
e OTBopujrb fiofina j'l uk.n. :;;i hit hi rpafiae. tots 
iiiM-SpiiT-i; hh n pores hot u t. e. oc'majiBaHiie n& bohhh ( 

I Ufe-TH Hil lOrb. C* NiH>m'I[|i'.ILMirr II 

i I orp. 16/. 



») iipotp. r P «o>i 

pOCt. llpl.Hi-.!l. ■ 

.. 37-88. 



K. A. KosiapoB, 



II >■ 



. pyi'tKH li. HaVMOFfL. Cmjmil 






') I'.I. Bi>.TIill!Mj..l,-i!! i .I' ■.'. I', <l«"lll..|i"i 

(UPcepniUHiiTa r-n h;i l"> i|ir'ii|iy;i[iiin [S'.iT i i 



BHi-fe, npis T'feXHaTa HeyTpaJiH3an.HfT me 6*Ae 3a Haci. 
HH Hafl Majiito iio-rojTBMa on, raaa Ha iiocjrfeAHHTa irra- 
■iMiini'Ka JioflKal? 1 )". 

On. apyra crpaHa no noBOAT» Ha CAmmi! uatitBA 
r. TaTiimeB'b name: „ . . . Oi'BapflHT-.eTo npojjiiBHrfe 
aa cbej[HHi3HHT , B (pjioTH Ha A'bpmaBHTB BHaiajio oh aa 
iiycHeut eBponeflcKHS KOaejii. at Hamara pyccwa KOiua- 
pa, a upa I'oji'bHOTo Ha areata saiibe Ha mopckhtb chjih 
aa Ahtjiiih Haffi. bchhkhtb ocTaHAJiH — Aa ciaflaAeMi. 
sa iieuR yflooeH'b rip'BAJiorb Aa ocraHe bt> npojiHBHTii, 
iione 6n, aa Bcfeaora. 

„3a PyccHH e no Ao6pls aa ce oTKaate BprfcueHHo 
on npaBOTo ita cboooaho HSJinaanbe en. l IepH0T0 B'b 
CpbAHaeMHO Mope, otkojikoto caMa Aa OTBOpa 3a upaat- 
jtefimtrE Ha uetSt chjih, kojikoto ce Moate, apaxaTa Ha 

COfiCTBeHHHH CH (sic) aOMTi". 3 ) 

Toaa, KoeTO ncua Pycciin ae e TOJiKOBa H3JiH3a- 
nb£"io Bi. Cp-BAHaeiiHo Mope h ycHiopuBaHteTo ua Pyc- 

KUTa 11'pHO-MopCKa T-bpl'OBHJl, a HCftJUOIHTejIHOTO BJia- 

A'BHiie na Boccpopa a iipbo6pi.rnaHbeTO Ha HepHO Mope 
bt. B«.Tpljn]Ho pyccito eaepii :ia yjiecaeHHe Ha no-Hara- 
ttjuhhtb pyccKH nJiaaOBe. 

,„Ha ce OTKaateM^ orb b iaal3HneTO na ncxoAa Ha 
Bocipopa bt. Mepaoro Mope — 3HaiH, nnme csunafl aHo- 

Illl.MilK. SHHOBHHHTb, Aa Ce OTFtaHtearb Orb IJHlMatlHUmib 

ydoScmm, arm Koitmo me .meucn unMima no Hamaimwua 
ttttutu ■uemopuR* . ;i ) 

Bi. pyccitn'ra reorpaifmH 'IepHoro Mope e Hapa- 
•iiiho ome h PijEcm Mope.') A Bocd^opi.Ti. iiHOuKaae- 
TejiHi>: (.KjuoioBei-B Ha ijbhiiih co6cTBeab aowb". Paa6npa 
ce, qe Mepno Mope n Bnc<popa ca m/ncosa „co6cTBeH- 
ho" 11 ,,ecrecTBeHHo" pyccitH, kojikoto e GbjirapcitH 

ICbTb, KOHTO AHHJaMe, HJIH CB'ETJIHHaTa, KOflTO HM 

EBponeflcKif) KotmepT-i u op. H. Bp«Mn 14/26 tpeup. 1837. 
T. TaTttuteB-b, ciiHcariKe: Pycciitit HtcTHiiKT,. Maprb 18'7. 
H. BpeMH, ii/m (peepyapuH 1897. 

H. i: 3apenKo (i88s -90). HMtuwe »a 




npama cxbHiieTo. Hbho e, ne Tym. He mojkc fla eta 
jtyiia aa hhtokbo Bt^ao u ecrecTsemio npaeo, ouie n 
aeie, ie PyccwH no CBoeTO HaHajio He Obiue ou 
eaHa lepiio Mopcita aiipjKaBa, a ctbha Tanaca, Ka 
up-tBae xypcKHTl; Kpafiop , fc}K.llfl.■ KpaMT,, micejieHt 
TiiTapc, EeccapaGafi, Hace.ieua niaBHO cl liojiAOBaHo, 61 
rape a n,puH. jjaecb Pycciifl HCKa Aa aaeMe Bocipopfl 
crane miJiiioBJiacTHaTa pacnopejtfiTe.iKa Ha 4ep 
Mnpe, icaro ce ocHOBaBa B r b cy.maocTb, crmo 
6nTejici;oTo npaBu Ha no chjihhh. 3aBoeBaTejinrl; BC'tito 
A'tficTByBan. B'b HMeTo Ha iVEKaKBo eCTecrBeHHo npan 
Biepa, aa aa Hartae ua aojjhhh: .HyHaBb, PyccHfl 3a 
BHBaiue npaBOTo fit Jia hmu e^Ha eci'ecTBCHHa rpaHtia. 
c,Yimo Tifi npi! aaBoeBaitae-TO Ha (PiiHJiaAHfl a npitOa 

THHCKHTB UpOBHHHMH, B'b SaBOeBaHHeTO Hil UlJJIlUa - 

ecTGCTBeHHO-ro npaBO fla 'lypu Map-b 11 peai. na 3an; 
hut]; i'ii rpaimun, B'b roHa Ha Eecap;i6utf 11 KpuM'i, 
ecrecTBeHHOTo npaBO Aa naji'bae Ha Mope-ro, Bt : 
BaHiieTo Ha U,aparpaa'b a Eocqbopa -- ecTeci'BeHHOT 
IipaBO fla HMa 81. pSU.'BTB CH KJHOIOBL'TB Ha co6cTBe 
BHfl AOM'b, yTp'B — HI. 3aB0eBaHHeTO Ha PyMSHHn 

Bii^rapHH - eci'et'TBeHHOTU npaBO Aa e rocnuAapKa 1 

CyXHH „CBOii", eBpOlieSt'KU IIATL, IfOftTO BOAH K'l.M'b He 

hht'I; spara, ..Eoccpopa", npu oKyiiHpaHBeTO 1 
hhh - npaBOTo Aa BJiaA'be aaamcKHfl en n>*iTb. llo ti 
HaiHHb, ,,ecrei'.TB0HHOTO npaBo" Ha PyccHfl me ce p 
i-Bra, KanTO ce e pacTiira.io, caopeA'b aa BoeBareJiai 
H iiaM'fepeHHfl, cjuje noBene, ne th caMa M-fepii 11 onp* 
A'BJin rpaHHuaxa 11a CBoeru npaBO. 

KaTO ocb-etjIhxmc Ta:in Tomta, hhtopc-cho e Aa 
bhaii Cera, KaKBO np-iscTBABa Pyccnii ct. 3 a B3e Ma 11 He to B 
Eoctfopa n liaparpaAi.. '} 3a nocTBACTBHBTa orb 
lasseuaHHe huh me roBopHin> hoapoSho bt> rjiaBai 
') Had ciemxue .a hhjihiuko aa AOKaanaMe, <te BJiaatm 

IO(hOpa 3HM'JH K.lll.I'liMHe fill HapHrpiW'b. Hillk TIIH:' . 11 pyp( 

T'fc AHBJiOMaTH, iHtct, piiairfc/nsTt Tt:m jea Btnpota, hTp Ka 
i paiWE-ieHiie re npaBH Jtneo,, KriniTii aHiuii 
a,n y&feflji eyjrraHa. -i? tog lowe ;n aajie Ha 1 
__, ..J NLipeHb Ba'iEiH-i,, .i :a c«6e c» ,in MAtpncH 
rpaai. «i> JJapflraeAin-B. Tobh e, |ia»6Hpn ce, caiio ■■ 
■lecua in jm i-i, aynffi-B. 



iii-iiiHiain, Bhiipoci.. Tyit'L me nanoMHiiMi. csho ayim- 

:■. ii;i BanojieoHa, ie BJiaa-EHiieTO Ha Eocrpopa 3Ha^n 

i;i.!l;i[n<"i<"> n;i nk.-'iiifi cb-Btt>. ') Toaa c*mern ce npH3- 

[oi Tb, paaoiipa ce, h orb pyccKurfe „naTpHOTH". 

„Pyrciui, TpaaaaHOHHara hojimtheo naKOHTo e 6h- 

, nHiue CKajibKOBCKH, kbto npofiiie ir*Tb ip-feat ,Uap- 

IPJlHTfe H [TepCHflCKHH BH.IHB'b in.M'b OTBOpeHHTE HO- 

, jia yumuoiKit anrJiHBCKOTO Bceiinpno MOrjf.m,ec.TBo, 
CTanc rocriojuipKa h;i iipoJinnHTB, Pyccsn ni,e cra- 
ucuneaao ii rocuuflapua ria Majia A3Ha. HctopHHTa 
issa c JR.no, ie BJiaaii'iecTBOTO Hajru Majia A3hh ec- 
reeHHo Boa.it noflHptcefle ch h BJiaAuiecTBOTo na Ern- 
, koAto <"hoTaB.'inBa tennis. Ha Hhahh". 2 ) 
06a l i<\ cAiuaTa ivfejib ce fl.oc.Tnra h ip-fesi. apyrH 
n*Tt. UapHrpajicKurB yKjrijfiJieHHH c* eflHm 
[jt. en, B\o;i.a na CyeaKiifl Kana.rb, cjrfeflOBaTejiHo, h 
on. Ta3H crpaHa PycciiH Moiice a,a naJiliae at Entnert. 
Hi. B„iafliiHneTo na U.aparpa.n'b boah cjilyrb ce6e ch hc- 
K.iin'jii n-.nioTO B.ia.iii'icciBO Bbpxy bchikht'B op-feroBe Ha 
McpHOTo Mope. KoraTo Bn3atiTHH BJiafl'ljeme Eoctpopa, 
rpp'!;n»Bi?T'ti (Hix,-r [iojit. HefiHaTa BjiacTb. npaaata na (VbJi- 
rapcKaTa ffbpjKasa, B'i. Hafi-UBi/rymcTo ii nojiomeHite, 
HHKora hc c* npocTiipajiH Ha^T. t^xt.. Toaa me fijR-fle' 
otne noBeqe rbii, ano, HawlJCTn eitnuajiaTa ce BusaHTHB, 
Ha Eoctpopa, ctadh Kpana Ha CHJiHata PyccHH. 

B3eMa»HeTO Ha irfejina lepKOMOpciin asHflTCHH H 
eBponeflcKH Gp-in. He me 6/^fle cbmo, anmoTO B^acBHtiero 
1121 Eoctpopa itiiro eflHa BajKira cipaTeniHecKaTOHKa.me fla- 
v mi PyccHfl BajiKaiicKiiH noJiyocTpoB'b, hi. ome, 3amo- 
to flB^rb 'lepHOMopcKii jibhuh — a3iiflTCKa a eBponefictta, 
kohto oine He cy. bi, pyccnw p/TiH'b — B'LJirapHH h Py- 
HjT.hhh Bb EBpona h TypKO-apiieHCKBT'B BMJiaHTH bt> Majia 
Abhh— JieHtATT. na cyxiiH n.RTb na Pyccan kijMTi U.apn- 
rpaffb. HeuncjniMO e, mora PycciiH aa ocTaaii st lyatflH 

pjKITfe TU3II BaHtL'H'b B r b TbprOBCKO II BOeHHCI DTHOLieHHe 
CyXTj II/STb. Hl.H1>. ,,ECTeCTBeHHHT r t BpSTa" Ha CBOHTa 

') FneRapi, 4(i — VI ct[). n. oiu« K&MapuBCKH. Ot 24. 

. Htitiirrinn iiu.iHTiiKii Piitcin iiy. Ctq. 13. 



ecTecTBemia ifouiapa, eCTecTBeano me f>x.,i,e on. (vrpana 
iia PyecHu, a.a hckei rh 'rypn pjK.ua m Ha cboh ecTe 
craem. u;R.Tb. 

Beat, jui roBopiiM-i. aa RpyrurB uocjrfcflCTBHH, koh- 
to me cc CTpynaTh Ha maBaTa Ha BbJirapufl orb 06- 
mara npoMliiia 11a nojiimi'ieoKOTo paBiioB'feCBe b*>. Eepo- 
na, 3a83eiiaHaeTo 11a U,apnrpa;i,-b "Jin name csmo Eoc- 
ipopa on. pyccerfc m.e una Bbpxy Had. Hafi-yfinncTBeH- 

HH II0J1HTHHCCK" H Tl.prOBCKH fllifiCTBHH. MoHte 6h, Ch 

npiiB3eaaiineTo 11a LJaparpa/vfc luc 3axuane h Ha'iajioxo 
ua pyccKOTo pacKajiaamie, narn'o MiicjibRTb, hekoh pyc« 
ce, KauTO aaflBABaJiT. h caMbiiapb HmiojiaH I, ht> i 
ko TOBa. pa3fmpa ce, b'l eflHu mrjikohjih Meoro npojn.Ji- 
HCHTejiHO Bp^BMe, a HeaaGaBHHrB cjrlycTBHfl orb Herome 
6*fljKTb aaTpHBaaHKTo ua E-wtrapHH, PyniWHHH, Cbp6HH, 
rtpmiH a MOHte 611 H ABCTpHH. ') 

ITpH TB3H HcmAHftU CbCHUaTPJlHH HOCJl'feflCTBHH 3 

iiacb, aTL 6nxb iintajiT. ua "jybK MfffenneTO Ha tosh (3'bJt- 
rapiwb, kohto 6k aaMHpajn. ouie, ne bi. HHTepecT. Ha 
B'bJirapHH use 6&js$ Bfla/iHiecTBoro Ha PycciiH naji 

lIpOJIHBHTE. 

Bp-BMe e cera aa BBj\.wm>, Kant HSJiaraaaTa oi 
. aaB'BTHa iVKJib na Pyccnn ch e npofhiBajia n;KTb b 
pyccuaTa HCTOpnfl. Ti.fi aaTO (.'Boeap^tieHHO, hi. ota'H.i 
hh rjiaBU, huh m,e roBopiiMi. aa pycciiHT'fe jtbHctbiih > 
HcTOK'b, Tyi(T> me ce orpaHH'iHMi. ca«o ua pa3rjit-j[ain 
no 3a6'Nji*b)KHTejiiiHrb' <p a3H H!l B-biipoea. 

llaM-BpeHHfiia ua Pyccaa othochtcjiho U,apnrp8ffb 
ncu-bKBaT'b ct. ocofiHa CHJia npii EiiaxepHHa II. Th e 
HHCJrfeJia ua 3aBJia,a,'bo rypcuaTa nwnepiifl it jta TypH i 
UapHrpaACKHfl np-BCTO.Tb cboh Bayu-b KoHC'iiumiua. I 



') T. C. Pbkob«kh: „Pycenin Bctnora e HCKaJia h i 
i 6/Lo.a wjib c-bBbpiueiiHa roeaafl&pica h/ib nojn. neflao nen 

me «a 6»fle Toaa Hams ivrapo npnTHiKemie* (B' 
5. H.j. Hni. es.no dhcmo hm Pokohckh, RaTBpaHo 1 suip-n, ISfil r 

i t. Hoc. T. flaflHejiOBi. Toea iihcmo, i;hkto h 3+ Jipyra 



MepHeat: HipTB B3i «g>oia Ha P 

BejeHHTll JVMB C* H3 UTp. 101. PaiCOBCKH 

ACHiiHTii ua pyocKaTa 
rt CTpesijieHBn, e^na 



l:.:..'VilllllrT'' Ha I 11..IM pllll. 



i n'fejib Tii wy jia.ia t£u;obji hmo it My naejia eflHa 
pmafl Saea^Ka. EkatepaHa ochoblibu hobi. rpaR^ 
ichhi,. ii HaKapajia fla aafiiibRTb Bb Hiiro ttcurfcKV 
ra» myjf* nxmwm eoiiii tarn BnsaHums'." ') 

H3b13ctho e, He Bojirepi. — (ppaany^cKHa (pn.no- 

- BOfl-ELie ct. EKarepiiHa II mictieHHa KoppecnoH- 

hh. Bt, ejiio iihcmo on, */„ HocMBpiiS J 768 r. B0.1- 

nwuie Ha EKaropi-ma: „Ha Typnni"t, kohto boio- 

. ct. Bacb, MOJKe ah ce cjiyiH Tjsa, kooto non.pT. 

i e HuajiT. HiiKOra hptjat> bhat, — to e aa CTaae 

ipHrpa^b CTojinn,a Ha pyccKaTB HMnepHfi A3T> mo- 

■ oi i. Bame BwiniecTBo, nosBojieHne aa ce hbbr Bb 

uiHuaia ii, fla np-BKapaiCb h-buojiko /lena iipn flBopn 

KOraTO toS 6,7.iie iipkneeeii'b bt> D,apnrpaflT>. . ." 

Ha tubm EitaTepHHa My OTroBapn Ha 1 7 AeKeMBppfi-' 

,,Ako e. Tbfi jiecHo aa ce BOfOBa ct> TypuHrfe, 

i mh e 6hjio Jiecno #a npm.:a JK.ua mt> cHiiaHimara, 

I pHCKyBare /ia ft^nete tijimiyfleHn bt. cnopo Bp'BMt? 

o;i.i.piiciiTt' o6*maHHeTO, hosto bhh mh aa/ioxTe, Kaxo 

ihxto HteJiaHHem Aft Me iioci'.TiiTe bt. tobh Httuiume 

Ka3BaTT>, ca aarnH*.in t-b3h, kohto ca. ro 

1JIH . . ."'-) 

Bt. iio;i,o6hh nojiyineroBHTii oxroBopH EitaTepHHa 

EMBaine TBT-paoro ch HaM-fepeHHe jia saBoeBae ctojih- 

i na CTapa BiiaaiiTiiH. Han rojrfcMaTa BoflHa {1787 — 

91) kohto th Boaisiiie h iyfejibTa, na KoeTO Gillie 

piii-pnat., KaKTo in ctoflmaBaiiie, saToaa ome bt. 

. bt. eji.no iihcmo on. 10 CenTeMBpuR ao Hoch- 

l II, ") ce aaBT.piiiii 6e3T> ocoGho roji'Ein, peayjiTan. aa 

BTepBsa no rpH iviamiH npHimm: HairfccaTa Ha Ah- 

i B'b noji3a Ha TypuHH, nnavb hojickoto BT,3CTaHHe 

B ceTHTi a (ppeHcnaTa peBOJifouflH, kohto otbjitj- 

. HeflHOTO BHHMaHHe. 

AjiOKCaHapi. I Glsiue norwiH*rb Ha 3anaAT., h/l 
HHKo.Tan I nun BtiiwaaMe othobo aa ce Haco'iBa 

'I T^eHap^, CTp. 42 ii 33. 
'I IVtenapb 49. 

') KoMapOBUH, It CT|J. 



ecrecTBeHHa ltouiapa, wrei-TBeHiio me 0«ae ort CTpi 
iia PyccaH, Jta acita ,'i.n Typn pirrnn n Ha cboh ecTe 
cTBem. n*.TB. 

BeaT> jia roBOpHM'b 3a ApyrHTls [iocjTbactbhp, koh 
to me cc t'Tpynan. iia iYiaBaTa Ha EtJirapHB on, 06- 
maTa npoidiiia Ha iio;iiith nee koto paBHOB'fecne ei, EBpo 
, aari3eHaHiieT0 iia IJapiirpaflib nJin .nance caMO Goc- 
(popa ott. pycceT-fe iye ana Bbpxy aacb nafi-yfiHficTBeH- 

[ iiojihthhockh h Thprobcitii A'l'ficTiiiui. Mowe 611, 
iip-BBaeMaHHeTO na LlapHrpaAi- me aaxaaHe h Ha<iajion 
1 pyccKOTO pacKanBaime, iokto MHCJib&Tb, h*bkoh pyC- 
t:e, t(at(TO aatinflBiiJi'L a canrmapb Hanojiaft I, ht> bch<i* 
ko TOBa, pasnnpa ce, bi. ojiho juijiko hjm mhoto ripoA'M 
HtHTe^HO BpliMe, a He3<'iGaBHiiT'b c^'Bjictbhh orb Hero me 
fiff.jLjRn, 3aTpHBaH0ero na Exjirapiifl, PyMAHHH, CbpGafl 
T^pUHH a MOKte 6n n ABCTpun. '_ 

rtpw Tk.m ucfnjmettu cbcnUarejiHH ni>CJil3flCTBnn a 
Had, aTb 6hxT) Hciiaflt. na iyra. MTEnneTO na T03H 6 
rapmn., kobto 6b naEHpa.n, oine, He btj HHTepeci. ; 
B-bJirapHfl me 6*^e Bjia;uiHecTBOTo na Pyccan 

npOJIHBHTt. 

Bp-BMe e cera fla bhabmt., khki, n3jiaraHaTa 
«acii aaB'ETHa wkju. Ha Pyccua en e npo6HBaj[a njft.ll, e 

pyCCIOTa HCTOpHJT. Tt.M KaTO CBOeBp'BJteHHO, BT> OTflt 

hh rjiaBH, hub me roBopHMi. aa pyccitart atjhctbhh 1 
HcTOKb, Tyicb me ce orpaHU'mm. caMO Aa paarjieaam 
i Baft-Nji-fciKHTejuiHTli ijiaan Ha Btiipoca. 

HawBpeHHfiTa na PyccBJi OTHOCKTejinn U, a purpart 
HCU'bKBaTt cl ocofiHa ciuia iipn KitaTepHHa II. Tn 
MHCJi-fejia na aaa^aa'te TypcitaTa nunepiiH h na Typa 1 
l^apHrpaACKHH npliCTO.Tb cboh BHyKt KoHCTUimma. 



'] F. C. PaLiOHCKa: „PyecHia Bctncora e itcKajia h hwh 

OaflH hjii! ci,Bi>piiienHa rocnoaapEta bjiii nojn, Hfiilnn iieorpan 

BADHHBe aa r5»ae rooa name crapo npHTHHfeHHe 11 (EtJirai 

H.]. Hst. eano ohcmo Hit Pukubckh, jiaiiipanu 1 uapT-i. ISO! r. E* 

r. Hoc. T. flail hiwiobt.. Tooa iihcmo. k&Kto h 34 Jipyra 

ibh nacsca jio cjuuoto .rime, cm. mine'iaTaHH in. uHwrara Ha H 

lepaeai.: l kpt« bsi jk 11 b t a Ha PaKOBCKB. Pyoce. II 

Be/teHHT-Ii oyttu c& cia cTp, HH. PaiioncKH ae e BmianAi, ht, nofii 

AeaiiimL H.i jiyiTnam QMHTHKa, in. ion ncao e ciSHasain, HeB 

rt CTptfM^eHHii, easa .in- KOttTu e BaeMaHHSTD »a KiJirapUH. 




UTiJlb Tfl MJf KaJlfl T&KUBU UK II JiV H:u\]a SAM 

pKHiiii SaBawta. EjtatepBBa ucHOsaBa hob'i. rpiui>. 

cpcoHi,, h nanapajia na 3aGnKKn. n Hem Kan-bin.: 

. mi/):-- HxmtoHt sodu mm Riu<ihmua'." y ) 

HaafecTiio e, ie BojrrepT, — (ppamyacRHH <pn.io- 

- Boj.buie ct. EKarepBHa IE ijmuemia itoppecnoH- 

IftHUJlfl. f!'b L'JHO I1HCMO OTTa '/lB HoeilBplIrt I7l 

■ept name Ha EnaTepniia: „Ha Typn.ttrfc, koiito bok>- 
lan. ch Biicb, HO)Ke ah ce ejiynn TJBa, KoeTO flerbpi 
U'jiHiiii e itBajiT, HTJitora upisflt BHjrb — to enacraae 

IJapnrpaflb crojinua Ha pycenaTa HMnepwa Ast, mo- 

jimt on> Bailie Be^niecTBo, noaBojieHHe aa ce hbWi bl 

CTOJiimaxa (!, aa np-EKapaML ubkojiko acha iipn KBOpa 

; iraro xofi 6*ae np-fcaeceHT. Kb Ltapnrpafl-b. . ." 

Ha TOBa EttaTepHna mv orroBapfl Ha 1 7 /leReKBprt.' 

,,Ako e Tbft jiecHO fla ce Bojoaa ct. TypunT*fe t 

K3KT0 an e 6hjio Jiecao aa iipBcajHjiairb riiiiiuMiiLara, 

BMfl pncitysaTe jia fijRflere upmijTieHn m- CKOpo sp-fenc- 

;ia OflTipHtaTe ofrhmaHHeTo, Koero bub mm aaaoxTe, ksto 

IH3paanSTe HtejiaHHern jia Me nocbTHTe hi- tobb skhjibujc 
ra^To, KaaBa'i"b, ca aarnHSjm te3h, kobto ca ro 
jaBoeBa.HH . . ." 2 J 
Bi. hoaoSbh no^ymeroBHTii oTi'OBOpii Enarepnna 
BCKa3Baine tbt,paoto cb HaMT?pe>me Aa 3aBoeBae croim- 
OfktB Ha CTapa BnaaHTHB. Haii roji-bMara Boftna ( 1 787 — 
1 79 1 1 KOflTO th floa'fciiie B n'B-j>.Ta. Ha KoeTO 6-fciue 
UapBrpaAT., KaKTo th cbo6maBaiue, 3aTOBa ome bt. 
17S2 r. bt. camo iihcbo on. 10 CefiTtHBpHB no Hoca- 
ipa II,*) ce aaBT.puiH i5e3T> oco6ho ['oji-emt. peay^raTi. aa 
KftTfipBHa no TpH rjiaBHH nj'ii'iiinii: aairbcaTa Ha Aa- 
i bt. nojiaa aa Typnaa, oocji* uo.ickoto BtBCTamie 
Ha0 ceTHfe h ippencnaTa peBO/iiouBfl, komto OTBjri;- 
:ox* neiiHOTO BHnvaHue. 

AjieKcaHAp-b I 0-fcuie norbjiHATb 11a aaaam, hi, 
Hititojian I hbO annua Me othobo ,ia ce Haccma 

'i txemfrb, otp. 42 h as. 
J l r.ierwiib 49. 



FJIBBHOTO BHUHaHHe Ha PyCCHH KD HcTOJCtt. II lift 

bhj1.ii.vi. no naTHTi.in,, ie H h nojiail 1 BJiasfi in. npt;r< 
Bopn ci. h'eko;iko Ai>pH<nBM 3a paajCEJiaTa na Typu.un, 
m. BBOfStqo HeroBOTo bjihhhhp. bt, UapHrpam 6'eiii 
HOCTHTHSJIO aaft-UHCOKara ch TOina. B'l m-pmiii (fOxOAl 
»a /lafin'ia ila&aJiKaHuai pycciuiTls boiIckh cteh'haxa 
(Vipum., iii. xoJiepaTa HCTp-feGji nwiTiMaTa 4arrb on 

T-B3H BOHCKH. B'b T0B3 oOCTOHTeJICTBO Tp4Ga AS TTjJ* 

cam, HCTiiHcitaTa npHHHHa iia pyccitOTO rvrflpumafiue. 

OTKOJIKOTO Iia BJIHHHHeTO, KOdO CllOpt-jTb TaTHDieBi 

ynpawHMJn. Hecejipoae B'b T-afiHiiH itimnTeTT. Btpx] 
Hmtojiaa aa hp up'bBaoMa Ltaparpaflt. ') Bt. Ha/iBeii 1 - 
■KpHeTO Ha KpiJdCKaTa Boflcita HatrBpeHHirra Ha Pyccai 
OTHOCHTenHO Ll.aparpafl'b 6'bxa HHpajniaiipaiiH on. Ab- 
DtpnS. CiRino ri.il aehT&rb Pyccerfe, ie Abctphh e Hall' 

lOJITSMa'ia BHHOBIIHUa, ['flTSTO pyCCKHTB BOBCKH I 

■■■-,•,. m, U,apn]'pa,qi> np*3T. noopfeaturra pyccKo-r 

BOftHa. 

„Pyccnfl iioMiiii, mime r. ('i<a;iL>i;oBCKin, qe th (5 
Copfeua (itl Abctphh, bt. Bplute ua h'piiM'i;<ria nttflaa h 

M;i,THi"lrplieTO 11:1 BepAHHCKHH KOHTpeCT,, Bh CY^Iiaia 1 

IIBHyTfl, KOraTo BCBKOMy cecTpyeame, >\e PyccHB e bo»io t 
pn*;ia pAKa n;i iip-BjiMora ua neflHurfc b'bkobhh floMorsa 
miu Abctphh Hab.rfe'ie ua Pyccna tc-uckiit li oh'B3h okobu, 
kobto THCbSapfl e^saM-b raaH MHHyTa" 9 ). Ih, cam, Hhko- 
Jiaii, Bb iiouPHaTHH BeiepagroBop'bffL rupi, XaMiurroirbCeft* 
■USpT), aanBHBaine .Othochwiho Ll/ipa rpaju. aa-i. ne pae- 

') TiiTHmeBT,. Unfeuiiuin no.iHTuria HMnepaTopa HiiKonaa I, 
rrp. 202 flpyni ejmin, lUnopT., reHcpajn. HeTpoai., bt. en.ua Hcto- 
|iiik n:> KpHHcnaTU BoilHu. HairHciiHii ii. . nopa'jKii Ha pyucima 
reaepajiein. ubOt., naasa; 

„Ano hhII bt. TS99 r. saeuaive llapurpain, tq on. nma 
,.■ i.si iiin-Tpana tawi iceupHKOfiironcsHiiwrr.Ta Fia liiieiiriiir" TpaK- 
ran. ht. I'yccHii lu'tiue .ua rne*iejiu rpaMn;iiiii bstoih, a Ha espo- 
iienciiiirt A-bpHcasii nv wi;ui;ime flpyra nn Haupamsn, m-u'liiTi. a,& 
ii[ni;iii.i),i,i i, i yniiA. tun rjiairn.". B oft Ha Pocciif ct. Typuiell 

"" ""(■ - l^r.ii r.] <'orran.ii'ii i aidL-aiaflujOMV uoutrl nil" I'ene- 

iuro lUrafi* renepjib-MaiopoMT. A. II llrrjinnmiT,. V. n. 
I'. CTp. 9. 

') draatKOBCKiB, crp 71. PopHiirb peaoae . ,v. nBcawi sm 

I'u.MFij., Kora-ro pyecKOTO RjJHHHiie he. Llapurpwi. r/buie hh iibpxa ch. 



.^ 



ijihm'l HJiKKiniirli nil EKaTepHHa II. Ilaouaiui, aai. rjie- 
ht. Ha ipfcuirfcpHOTO HapacxnaHbe Ha Pyccaa, KaTO Ha 

tHCTHHCKa OHaCHOCTb 3a HeHR° 3 ) 
C*meTO mhtjhhc Hcna3Ba.Tb m I'op'iaKOBi.. a ) 
OBaic, uapt HHKojiaH I HCKasBame ropHnrfc mhcjih 
UiBeqepHeTO na KpbKCKara soflHa, a TopiaKOBT. 
teu caM.Tra bohhb, cjrfcflOBaTe.iHO, an. MoneiiTH, Kora- 
Pyccmi Haft-Ma.iKo HMamc mrrepein aa 3Hae Eapoiia 
iHUiHCKHT'l; iieiiiin h;im |-.|H'ifnn. Ocb'bhi. TOBaj^aKThn., 
H-feKoft pycCKH napb nptcji'BaBa ch no-naJiKa Hacrofl- 
Boci'b e^Ha Haea, oticojiicoto HerouHT-B up-feauiecTBeH- 
Ah h nacji'li.iHHUH, noKS3Ba caiio oomeparinpocrpaHe- 
to nBjieafie, ie npn hsb'bcthh B'bHftaujHii h BSTpiiu- 
o6cTOHTej!CTBa, rjiaBiiaTa nlsjib Ha eflna fftpacaBa mo- 
\ aa ce cicpae sptsieHHO orb iio/niTHHecKaTa DOB-bpx- 

eTb, Jia OTCTADH WBCTOTO Ha HTJUOR BTOpOUTblleHHH 

;jih u noM6nHaunn, in. nocJri nani. aa ce noaBH » aa 
ficTBysa ct. no roji-BMa CHJia. 

B^HHHEieTO, koi?to HHi.ojiafl I edenejiH b p i. LJ,apn- 

■Ifl'b, H0403HA B'l. CeBaCTOnOJICKHT'fe JVU160HH.HH. Cji-bju. 

■lhckoto nopiiiKL'HHe, np'Bflii Pyccufl aa iiOMiicirfeme 
D.apiirpaA'b, t»i Tp'kGBa me a,a cneqejw cTapoTo en 
rii'Hiii; ii:i Hctoktj, npHAo6iiTO ca, KafiHapflMUumtHfl 
ruBopi. bi. 1774 r. n H3ry6eHO ct. HapHHtcKiiH — 
[856. Toaa 61;Liie ii uliJibTa Ha rbfi iiapeieHaTa oc- 
SoflMTejiHa Bofiaa bt> 1877 — 78. Bi> HaABenepHeTo u 
npocb-n, sa Haparpaffb othobo ce noBflHTHA B'b pyc- 
iTa iipecca. LI.I,(^ipHHuBHi"b repoa mhoto JiecHO ro pa3- 
uiaBax^.. „3amp, KaaBanie I'jiyMUB'b, hc OTiiBan. na- 
rbo bt. UapBrpnA-bV CnopeaT. «ene, Hafl-Hanplifli. B'b 
Uaaono^i, im.mpi.i eti, Aapiuuinnn.Tb — a on TaMO 
ie ct. p^naTa aa npiic'tsrHeun.!" ') Hi. TjiynOBUH ch 
aBbx.T, cM'feTKiiTli, Gent nn Typarb B*b i-ext, aHrjuiH- 
aTa (pJioTa. 



9) Daily chronicle 6 Octobr, 18% r. 
1 reHfepavi-i. A. H. neT|ioBb. T. II rrp. 827 
>a»ie co'i. M. E. CiuiTbiKiiaa, 




— 58 — 

Ilp-fesi, noc-TfejHnTi; 6e3pc,oHUH bt> TypuHH othobo. 
tosh ffLiiporb ce noB^tirn;*. IIpHBeAeHHrt Wb Haiajurro 
na Ta3H r-iaea iurraTti, nsrb pyccKHrfe cn}>huho3H, noKa3- 
Barb, ct> KaKBa HacTOHTe.iHOCTb pyccerfe HCKarb BoccfK)- 
pa. a crfexb Hero, ecTecTseHHO, h I^apnrpaAi- HIskoii 
ro-TbMH ,uaTpnoTH - — kohto r. ByKBa uoAHrpaBame 
&i> e^nffb doj-thcthhktj Ha PyccKtx BtbdoMOcmu — hc- 
Ka3BarL casto CTpaxi> 4a He 6h ct> nprfcirfecTBaHHeTO Ha 
pyccKaxa cTo;inna orb HeTep6yprb bi> UapHrpaiVb fla 
noKBapnrfe pyccKHTfe HpaBH. Ht, pa36upa ce, ne np%AT> 
Be-in4HeT0 Ha u-fc-ibTa Tfe ca totobh aa flaAATb h tb- 

3H "/K^pTBa. 

Bx 3aKwiio r ieHHe, cTpeMearbTb Ha PyccHfl irwrb 
lJapHrpa;rb h npo-iiiBHT'fe e e^m* orb oh1>3h ncTopu- 
qecKH c|)aKTM. kohto hhkoh He MOHce aa OTpene h koh- 
to, BT> O/fUOHOCTb, II hhko5 cepno3HO He OTpHHa. H yflH- 
BHTe.iHO 6h.io 6n. HanpoTHB-b, awo MHJHTapjCTiriecKa h 
h aHprKfi Py«:cHH, kohto MeMTae c.iaBa, B.iacTb r nofrfeAH 

(1 B'J^MHpHu B."UI JHHeCTBO. UaKap?> U Cb H/fcHaTU Ha p^KH 

np-LBb. He 6a ce cTpeMHJia K-barb I],apHrpa;vb, ko2to me 

h jaje BCH1KO TOBa. 



TjiaBa BTopa. 



CliaBHHfXPHJlCTBO H BM3aHlH3M1> 






:-i i-r,oi- 






3;i,i.i'K;i. 

uhobh. — HeroBOTO HtropHtetKO naia- 

b, pejinnioaHHT-B. ii oftwecTBetiHif ,'iormaTH Ha 

- PaSBHTHeTO Hil IViaBUHUljlJIJlCTBOTO Bl. CVIV 

LiHTa Hii XoMjiid'iiia, Am'fiKOBti ii J(aHH.ieB(.'KH. — Casinai.pvlt!'- 
to h npaBocjiaBxeTO ochob™ na'ia.na na ciaoHHOfpi 
irapcKMrJ; eiiHrpaHTH h cjiaBHno<}>BJicTBtiTo. — c;ia& 
BH3Hi> H BU3a»TH3«'fc. — Ai'ueTii'ieciriiH tueajrb B 
ictboto. — EopCaia Ha CjiaBflHO-BB3aHTHflcKam xyjiTypa cr 
iaHo-rep¥anri;aivi — Baasnjin He -TO'iHO-diastiHCHH cLmai., ne- 
tfn CT.CTHBT. ii Hapejifia. — y«ioBHfiTa aa tieroBiyro TLpvueeTHii. 
BuirepcKHrt pyccwpHjin it onaaHHoipHJicTBOTo. — PjrccBOTo npa- 
bht, ii cji»BflHG<i>ttnciBOTO. — 3aiuiioieHHe. 

Pea-niMfirij (paim,: cTpeMPwvri. Ha Pyccnn ki.hi, 
mrpafli) a upoJinBHrfc ce e miHBajri. nofl'i. Hafl-paa- 
ihh HAeaioruieotn <popMH. ilHecb Toft ce B'MiJiouiaBa 
rpaHaiio^Ha hwm hh Hlsitofi pyccitn khh3e., HnnToirk 
!)OBT>, KOflTO BHJKfla BT. HejtajieiHO 6*wme PyCCBH 
'MHpHJ-l IU;Ulf'IUII:i CT. UlC't'Tb FJiaBHIf CTOJIIIHIl: lh'li|i- 

>n.. f>e]i.imrb, BeeHa, LI.apitrpaA'L, AcTpaxawb h Mo- 
a ct rpafloae Bropi cTeneHHH: Xaxfiypn., Kooch- 

CtOKXOJIMT. H flp.'). 

tyrii n*Tb OTuposeHKeTo, 'ip^aT. ycTaTa Ha na^ 
itIi HepeiiiiH h HitxoHa, HaB-BCTHBa iia KiM'ivpn- 

8 TH BT. fleCflTKH XH.lfltfH eKSCJUIJUipH plU'lip i .-''lill 

ipojia, 6o»KHeTO JKfjiamie aa BiaeTaHOBii xpaMa 

• lfl>). 



MtjHi.iyH, HpaHO. !. dtp. 221. 





— 60 — 

HvBa.in .ih CTe bhh upopoit-cTBaTa Ha MapTMH'b 
3ajeKa — 

r.iasa Xa.ijeflCKHX'b MyjpeiiOBb, 
TajaTe-ib. TO.iKOBaTejn> CHOBTb? 

y HacrL onje una jHecb MHoro xopa, kohto, Ha- 
pext. (rh itejih hIsohh H3b ropcKtin IlxmnuKh Ha PaKOB- 
ckh. me br n3j,eK-iaiinpaTT> n npopoKyBaHmrra Ha Map- 
thht> 3a,ieKa. 

,MaroMen. th BQCTOiHbift aHTHxpHcn,, open*! TBoe 
MHHOBa.io, rpoGniiiia tboa coxiKeHa 6yaeTb e kocth 
tboh bt> nene.ib otipameHH 6yjyrb. 

^Co^pyTCH eyuia h Mope. khh3i> HiiKLS coKpymHTb 
u riG<5tjnTb HcMan.ia u B03bxeri> cejuioxo.iHUfl ropoAT>". 

noo.i-fejHfTo npopoHecTBO nxa 11 no paa6paHa 
peaaKUHfl: 

,KoHCTaHTHHuco.i"b, cTciiina cyiTaHa rypemca- 
ro, B3HTa oyjerb 6*3^ xa.TBfiiiiaLO KpoBoapojurriii.* 

oaB-ieBaT^-ibTb Ha cejMorKiMHHH rpajp> DTBJTb Aa 
fy^z.^ ,/Kt.iTafl Hapcat.* Hjj&un-* on- irfeBepb. 1 ) 

Mop-ismi- 3aztK-j. koAto. enopexb xopaTa, on koh- 

TO ■?!«■» O.TVrLIv.Tf IvJ."HHTfe UpOpOHeOTBa, 6HJb fffcMeiTb 

a jk;!:&h.T£ fci A.inaa-.-KaTt r-p;?. npfej.0Ka3Ba.Tb Hao6- 
mo a oaja^to ha jpyrarfe Hapo.au: .Jama h repiia- 

H2Di BH'j/iJLVT'c HI r i»CO 4afi HI V*.« CTeiltHb 3HaTHOCTH Bl» 

EBpocrfe. 

,K:iKj:h oyj.eri- Kvpo-itBi.TBosri-. 

..1h."![H pai.Tlp'^Tp.'HHTr B'feTBH CBOH HaXb fojrfee 
He B-'-BTt , -r> '.'M'fe-TUl'fe *t4TU \K- KHH3b ILiaTOfia 

3y»V.5t .1 npup»-4TLTBara Ha MapTHtib oaju?Ktf, iipaseim, 



- B= ■■•^'••.3-:».'T : : Mip'-HH"- ..xu*'*!>. e :'.Me wa -i^y^wb. koHto 
hhki > r:i He •» :: h ■■ :i ."^ . v :*to a •.• ku oS. i . i s :; :■ o iv ■■« «? •: v '>a ". i e.iad 34 aa- 
frE-rfeKsii stsM ■ & , E 2 re a . a h • *; •=« - b * :■{ a L I \ -.ms a s: i . I V ii -i s trrfc npo- 
po RecTBa. H;iE^p h< : . • a ■: v^ -a h s ?. • :- h .» •: »-.<■>:» v «.« r fe '- ! a t* k:i repHHa IL 
kohto BCKame ja i:«» l t :.-^ »■ :tm « h _ ". sa s x l« : w v 4a mc k m r fe ■-• u poaa no,xb 

QpoBHXtHHe. roprarrs cpop>. -wrw :x ce , .!pb.u« , «a.iH ^rb yxo Ra 
yxo bt> BTwirapHA hu. pyo;KH h hu rypcK&i. 



3a aa cKOBaBan. <p FI3aH ' l ' Hfl ' ra Ha JieKOB'fcpHHrfe Typcitri 
xpHCTHaae, bt> Pyccmi ana TaKHBa ciijihh Teiem-in, ita- 
to CJiaBflHiHpHJlCKOTO, uaTepuajiiiara ociioaa Ha kohto o 
nam. ncTOHHaTa 11 nojHvrnKa. 

OcutiHt ropneTO o6cTonTejn:TBO 3a paaBirrneTO Ha 
c.i.iBUHii.fiiijicTiioTO, itpafino ciiosiaraine 11 rojrfejtaTa pye- 
CKa saffbctrtutocTb. Eto Bene AB'fe ctojibthh, oman'i. 
neTtpi. BejiHKa TJiauHiiv Pvcchh bl hath Ha hkbhjih- 
aaUBHTa, hi. oiue anecb Pyccim e eflHa no;iya3H arena 
CTpaHa. 3a jia CTiirae cajiaTa na nHBUJimoBniiHTfe Atp- 
m.iBii, PyccKoru npaBHTe^CTBo TpiifiBame «a B-LBeae m> 
cTpaHara ca aairaAHa'ra BoeHHa h aflnnHBCTpaT«BHH op- 
I'amiaauHfi, TpfeSBame jia cb3ji.ajie yqajniuia, rivfeTO fla 

IF' [HWOTBHTL HyiKflHMTiJ OCpHUepH, HHHOBHHB.H, flOKTOpH, 

Hn>KiiHi'pn, apxHTeitTH h np. Ht on. flpyra crpaHit, ano 
tipocB'BfHeHHeTo ce pacnpocTpaHHBa ti3'i, napojta, noc.Tfea- 
hh.itl MOMte fla iioacKa a.a ce HairfccBa Kh jrbpHcaBHH'rB 
pa60TH, fla orpiiHHin caMOA'tpiKciBHaTa b.ibctl Ha napn. 
Eto 3amo pyceKOTo uapcKo npaBiixeJiCTBo e npimyaeHo 
in oTBapn yjHJHima aa 061110 i\ cnen«aiiHO oopaaoBanne, 
hi. bt. cxmero Bp-BMe oeaa, kojikoto e bt^moikho, jiocta- 
m>T*t> B-b t1>3h yiH^iHUia aa 6iRfle TpyaeH'b, m He ns.ni- 
i;i 1 'J. LlUBe^e llpOCB'ETCHH XOpa, OTKOJ1KOTO c& Heo6xoAHM() 
ii : :.[.:ni aa BtpBewa Ha 6(opoKpaTH r -iecKaTa Maiumm. Ha- 
Poahoto o6pa30BaHiie ce iip'BCTEABa, Karo ce saTBiipHTT. 
ffiMOKHT'fe (oOmHHCKHT'E ynunima), a ce oTBapflTi. ntp- 

'■MMHO-L J lIOpHHCKHTl5, HOA'b pAKOBOjlCTBOTO aa JtyXOBeH- 

ctbo, iii. kokto (ynuuuia) ce npiijuuia nca;rrapbHHaycTHH- 
na. H'li 3a TE3H iieiyiRhiH np-twun 11a npocaiime micro bt. 
Pyc.CHH iiitfi ne roaopHMi. t'BOCBp'feMC'Kiio, a L'cra me rptfiBa 
aa aafi'feji'BMtuMi-., 'it* hi. bchikhtB oipacjia bb pyccitwi 
ffyxOBem. h o6uj,ec tbi:' hi, skhbott. ce ycisma cjmuhh aa- 

CTOfl — HTSMT.. CBHA"liTL'.'IL Ha yfinfiCTBeHHOTO BJlHflHHe Ha 

uapii3Ma. ') 



'} HaotcTHo t 

: GpoaBaabe 11; 

Bfl .Miii.iin jiyccitu 1 

HXpMCTa. l\:< 

■ 



. Pj-CCHS, CTBHa 06- 
«ti MHn*jiriTa roAH- 
iLHi, 3HHKt, aa a$no 

■ [K\:v'iyni-vivixia, >lil 

u% Tapacnain, bl 



Ako B.*6Mex~b eKOHOMRHecKOTO paBBBTae Ha t > yccflit 1 
mrt .wy^KuB'A. n«j H.tA-np'fccaHTfc arfcxfcmui, cUuipaflif 

*i ilU'-zK-rHHrlO Bl 1V>.» I\. HaiH33, « PjTCCHH BXpTH 
:>.^ OTh Ufe.I^Tll -*ciLHa TOprOBHA. KOniTO BeflHOTO !»- 

i.-t.T-rHl!*: •■"fci.-TitE.IHcU >.-"> OTb UaceJieHBeTO HA ITfcJWTO 
3*rMH. 5-ri-T'j'". Hu '-iOB*Kl. fit PyCCBH Ce mjaTb BBOCHR 

v. «!.?:-■: :-:h-i riprvsafl :iu 7 pv6:iH. Koraro bt> Ahtaba h 
&r-.:-nrt - ::- i ;in c: 1:20 p.. bt» Xojbbjuui no 330, a 
=1 I -pM.H.'fi ::u 4'» pyft.ia. Jo KaTO OTk 1870 jo 1895 
:■'■::; -r.t 3 .-.-uji; k.i Tipivsnn ce e Bi>CKa«nua on 13 m 
2i M:L:;«.-p.;. f r. ~. o? 7 . ry L cKaTa TbproBU ce eBrw- 
y.y-n.:\ .7- >'-:•:'■ _;: S>3 *;i.:.!OHa py&TB t. e 38* ,. flo 
■■■7j ;»>.'.:;■ .-:-.: ?3H art ^hh*! ca ce ysmoaoLiH on» 

= ■■> »>>i> ha L4S6. 373 aepcTH in. 
■ ; '"4 ' i v;: l ->:;it^ zKe.rfcaHB juin c a ce 
--*:-:::*•:;■.:;■ =.:a-^-: i v>" ' ion -23.5*6 b. in 43,973) 
>[■."■■ ;.: :-: :'y ;i.; _r -. -r :-i.;2 rojfeaa crpaiia aa CBrfero, 
Ht.-h-. :t :r:r. :-3.-:*-::.: ■:■ = .r.- -Uri-Mrb cubo 6% orb 



* ^. 5r-' 7,i 



^ «» 



it : ; -::t ■ »ip?.=L.. : . • 



. . .: ' -.7. Kp..i::-- L?'-?ar2i ■Jx.iktsi ce cpfeman* irb 
h i ->:;::^ z; y/Ti :rr^.-.::: ha yy.'x-KHfl season*. Orb 
vt: : ■:::*:■„■. -.— =..•. :?:--.; r^r-.i :,fw upmracKa pyc* 

r^.-/. z :w .t ■?-".: :.-. ?av. n-Mtra cm. 

-"".".■ ' rv:-. :z:- ^: :c --'SUTe.ieafe Br* Haia- 

•: si "- -.-..". :v..:?:. : IVi-.-sa xhoto BHTe.ie- 

r-£-.-" ■■; -^v ;.\.\>a'. s ::ox'\m eprtoff 

?-.?■.-:■•■.-.:•.■: .- ■:.:■:• a-- I. ^.nuau Ba- 

- : ^--- ■■ --.^-.- . c- - . ..--.. .•: , :-...H J R.iaHa3ajb. 

-■"-- :■.'■: 'p--.«ae. nmraw nie 

. -. r- r' . ■>.-; .«-k^«.'TC -:i- iv t>36 r.. » 

;,.■-.-. ■ ?.'.!■■■•. 'ji^v^^i K'i ■■ iH...t'. . k'-.p.^ 0K0 _ 

.■3=;. :.....-■■: -i.-r".:;,: ^..a- u. ^r^^ :,i.xo .-^ir^.iH^ aJsmeKB 



my, Moace na en iidmucjih loB'feK'i, ne o6m.HH 3a* 
icifffeHHCTBOTO ne e aa Hac-b. OTiuejiHiinn bt. 
, hhh hhiko He iiy JiajioxHe, unmo He asexMe on. 
:'0; ::e upiiTvpiixMe hhto Gflaa luen icbM'h ttaccaTa aa 
iioirti'U'i n!ii'n>; CL hhuio ho eiioMornsxMe aa ycurbp- 
iicTnoiiMiuifi'o «a hobtjiijkoto aaaHHe n bch'iko acxa- 
Hie, RoeTo hh jaj.e roaa yeT>a^pnieHCTBOBaHbe. njrfetn. 
I'lKiui uepaoflT, na Hamero uGiulttbchho cAmeeTBy- 
;, hhh He HnupaBnxae hhiuo aa o6inpTO aofipo na 
KiTa: hhto eflHa nojieaHa MurbJib He aapacTe ua See- 
i/tnara Kama no'iaa, hhto ejuia BeJiHKa HCTHHa hc ce 

[II r\,l,xi, H8CT>. CaMUHUfi 111-1111,0 He H3«H(!JlHXMf, a on. 
1HKO HSMBCJieHO OTb ,apyrHT r B HUB 3aeXB6 caMll JTMK" 

BiiTa B'bauiHouTb ii Oecno^e3UHfl poCKunrb.* 

Tobh iihcho fijane HCKpeHiian, in. OT'i.ieni. unci, 

ejiHm. fiJiaropraeni. pycciiH'b, koBto ytunpsinn- un, 
Mb, koto rjiejaiuc iiojiojKCHifeTO Ha esoHTa CTpana h 
mSBe m Kf. Btsefle bt> hath ua BBponeBcKRH npo« 
'(■i-i.. Hi. tlh ho MiiurfexA BcmifHrb pyece. IlaM'fepH- 
J ce h TaitHBa, kohto CH'BTax.Y. pyceKai'a aaiinniiifuHii, 

nuTG e;iunL HeaoexariaKT., orb kohto PyccHfl TjrB6- 
iiif i;i ce naOaeii, kojikoto e bt.3moikho no CKopo, xa- 

tiT'b ej,HHT) TeatiKi. cuoMee'b, a nooejuax.T. ua Hei*, 
to ua e.a.Ho itpafiHo macTJitiBo nptB-bcxoACTBo Ha Pyc- 
n HaAi. aaiiaftb, Koeto Tpb-Guante eicff.no fla ce Bapjui 
SojFtpma. 

KaTO rjie^axA cTpaaaia en ocxaHA-ia saoro Ha- 
jiotl 3anaAna EBpoua, a ceO-fe ch yefemaxA 6e3cnji- 
i i lARaeeAATb Bb hath HaeBpone5cKHH nporpeceb, 
i HajrBpHXA ua iiafi h3hociio aa TbpcBRTb TeopHTHie- 
:oto oiipaBAaiine Ha pyccKOTO eaMOA'tpjKaBiU'. Tym., ua 

>3H HCTOpll^eCKH IfpACTODATi, HI. TOBa 6e3H(!XOflHO ITO- 
'WWHHe [13HI1KF1AXA TeopHHTtj Ha CjiaBHHOtpHJIHTtf, Ha- 

Joto na ejiaBJiaofpH.ncTBOTO e bi. 6aHi;pyTCTB0TO ua 
itebTft Ha eflna lacTb on. pyccKOTO npoce-feTeHo 06- 
cctbo. C^aBnnoo))ii!iCKaTa ii.iea He 6fiUie ocb'Eht> e^HHt 
""'JtyiJiiiB'b CHjuiora:iMb, itofiTO Tp'liOBauie fla npiiKpae to- 

1 OaHKpyTCTBO. 

1 ' 1I..1-1. KaTO Bi-u-fexae HcTOpaiecKoro 3apa»aaHi.e ua 
..■■ 1 boto, iteiia ii.iliflein. bi. neroBara e.Y.inpoCTU. 






„Hn.i me BipBHitt. aanptjt-b, nuiue ('.iaBiiHo<jiim 
CM'bJio a GecnorptmHo, KaTO 

lla.TI, Ili'piKUrl', CJiyiaflHB (ITKpilTHfl H KfltKO nt ■ 

mopunma na mpKtiama u Heuwtnm mkohu, nx 
■mih jensdu im 6Mdxwt&nto name paammme, a 
KpecmaMe cmapumih (fiop.nu Ha pyccKun Hava 
3umoiao inn, r.Y. fju.iu ocHoaumi ><n cnmHOcmbmu ^ 
mtmib cnpTiJtiu u nu neti.rxu<ii>iuwin hhi'Iikhui-i- 
Huninnu ii.ir.ur" 'j 

KflKTO XoMHKOB'h, Tbfi AkCBKOBT. TbpCH ■ 
pyCCKH HCHBOTb KCT0pH4eCKaTa OCllOBH II I'M 

CJiaBHHo^aacTBOto. 

„KaTo abL r.uiBHH yojiOBHa, name toB 
aeHMOCTbTa a chjihtb Ha napoasaTa pyecua oprafiHiea 
cthxhh, cjiyat^Ti.: l-o BiaAlJuneTo iia seMflxa 
BCHiKHT'fe eejisHe ee upEiiiarb na HeHi h 2-o te y 6oa 

HiHHCTBOTO CCJIfHie 6 paCllp(""l pllHVHU 06lU,HHHOT0 I 

nyBaime on. 3eMHTa, KOero 1111a BATp'Riima cnjia H Kpt' 
uocTb, naTO npn3Hasa na Bcfem-i 'i.'ieHT. nn oGmnuaTU 
npaBOTO nn cynui, i;,t.'"i. ncMii, Kiifiro 10 yenropaBa, 

KOTO MOMtC, OTL HHlHeTaTSl" ') 

HaJiHuiHo e .(■> enoMe-HVHaMe ryin>, ie pyccKal 
arpapiiH OTiiomeiiHa lie c* v3.nn HcropHHPCKa 
HaJiaocTb, Me rii c» uAinecTByBajiH a 11a sanaAb ! 
Majiuo no apyi'a »|>opsta, ohmo Miiuro no pano. fla 
qli.rib e cnHO — no kojikutu TOBa ce OTiiaca no Hainan 
KHiira — jui uoiiawt-nii HKnmiMH'iK'KfiTa 11 4>2Jioeoi|>i ;; . 
ra crpuna n3o6mo Ha (.■jiaBHiioipiujcTHoro, 11a icpai 
Koexo (.'Ton nam. rjapurpaa'b. C*meFp , BHeHHO un. 
ce Biiama ome it flo kojiko cJiaBiino<pnj!CTBOTO una 1 
CbJib Ha camecTByBaHHe y h:il"i„ B"b 6uirapHH. 

I-Iena en ;io(iflOM-h aa ayjiaTa. CnaeHHOipHJiCTBOlO 
nepnit cBOHTa ciuia bt. nplsanojiaraeMHTli arpapHH, 
Meami h Jipyra oco6aocTH na pyccKiin Hapoat. 

Ako DTRAevb no aaTarLK'b eh, cjhuxhh u%Tb, 

') Vn. llojuioe roGpanie PfiiHHemfl A, 0. XuMflKnaa, 

177. 

; i r* 11 ■ eat ..: t m n. C. iRcaKoiw. I 



i me bmahmi fla HCTVLitua pejifietfmo apyra eflHHT-c*- 
^TBeH-b nojiHTHiecftn AornarL aa cjiaBfiHoi)niJiCTBOTri: 
xhpoteatfttemo. 

Hi, CBoeTo nucMn no khh3i. Ajieitcaiupa Eaieufiepri,, 
■ 30 rojiHfl lySI row., AiwaitoBi. nnmi;uie Me>.;,ay ;i.[>y- 
ito h cji'fe.a.ywiufc'To: 

,Pyccf(Hftn n;u.';i.ri,, FtoflTO noBeie hjih no Ma;mo 
idui'i. 11:1 uli.iaTii iMi/niflHi'ict pacn, p t'fliio irbcTiio ca- 
ynpaB.'it'Hiie 6V31. Bct.KaKB'j mi'i.'ihth'iccko snaieHK^, 
■BpineHO h yffiHHaHO on. u-bpsoBHaTa h RearpaflHfl 

laCTL, KOftTO <? C*meBp^MeHHO .IHHHil U llT.J[HOR,liaCTH)i" '1 

Tatta [unto .HiiKniiiii I; Ha nipKBaia", k»kto naa* 

;obo. hjih upanocnaBHeTO on e/wa CTpatta n 

BoffbpwaBHeTo on. apyra ero .1.11:11;] ocrobhb h(ihh- 

1 mm cjiaBHHOipHJKTBOTO hjih na pyecKara „rocynap» 

UMin'WTb" .") 



it, hhR ro npHBOHTjiaMe mil, rcraHrara na Koxa. 
.i ii|pi.ht, DAn n iroflTo e cHejib Rome natipiimi 
> opm'HEiaJia Hfl KHaaa. I!<) HHMaHiie na HBMciam fipuillnii.i b miil 
:[i:iif |iy'i ,v, nt'i.-ii np'I'.nuA'L" A il f) I [j h Koch, 

Crintui Alexandra nl Bulgariei. flue u rend 1887. p. 58. 
') Kotrto iTbkoh nrb huiuhtb pyecmpiuiii ck hi. frwirapnH, 
WTHBan, ropeum mmiTHTymioHHua pewnm,, ;i itaTo utius.ti, 
, cciih, 6.1HHD .'in rpimf.iiiiuiii I'mmimi-Kii lEiwipi na C.ihhhh- 

n.lii r.iTll'HHITC.I.'H'fc KUllllTl'T'L, it '.HJIMIi Th. 'i.- 

fpOTO ^iipafijiemic Ma Lvi..ri';ipiiii inv i't*.ir fa m <i,ri>p)K;i hih>ti>. 

■ i Hm-l-r, n.puuirn llfrl'.llllf. IIMMIi' H'RHnfl liMlirpilHTIIin. M. B. IO-1l>, 

■ HftMi,, wa Ciaiiniirrt, n'kii.in e: nnemeHaora, rteKOTO mi 
mi.-iiii.iiii'ii'ii-riiip I'l.i-.'umi'Tiiio u nciiin'injKfleHne urt repMaHo- 

aro pofinTBo — to Tine Tp'bGa jta. tipn:iHa t'H'h mi 'i;-.i:na 
3CKa.Ta rocyflapcTBeHHOCTb, aaro KpaesrsJiein. 
*%kt>, aoflio e,iHHCTneHHo Moate w nnHtw 3,ianneTo na Bce- 

■ ■ Illlli THIl. . . OcHOHHI-F, T. fl. HRIOJIilTil, HT,pXy KOHTO 

e CT.aHaa.iic) np-Eai nUKOBftrfe orpoMHOTo pyccbio aaamie. kohto 

aoj(i,p>K«.TT, 11 Kp-fcnwn, aa flweeb n kohtu e r lHHCTB6HH0 lapail- 

r, CeaooaeHBH 11 nirypinm Tpiiyutpi. 11a iijnimiHiie.TO aa Pyc- 

-.: I1[i:ih"c.i=h'.iiptii 11 CaMOjn.pJKUSHaTa bjircti., r.ipan- 

pvwriLn paaBHTHeio Ha pyccKo-ciaBnHcuara cbm i6ht- 

ITT., RT, ITpllTIIBHOPTI, FS HITOil1ipHH fl, HHOpOjlHIlfl 1 HHO- 

.rypn nil Snnna'L. IJp-t t L'li.iiiTii na I'yci'iur. r.iaHHih'Kiirl; 
h in. AacTpiiR 11 na 1!r.ik. IlaiyocTpoBi. ae smrsTi, te oc 
U fie.il, «npa.imvn.i iia.T.jmiirneii lunmim' Hefliin, T'li Tl ■ - vii',1 
HeBft, r.il; rnriiiriMHo, n .i; 



•rr 



&•*':>?.}!}, ">,iCr. &:r.z£z* m -.*■ Py.rZJf iIfsfcjCTaR.UIBa A3HH 

•-;*: : :r^-H?iTL r= i^w-ifz- h- JlaaoettrKa. ITocTfei- 
H'/JiTi, a ::;y.-:*jxyh,: 'V.,? .-.?■: ■■■7- r~*ps€-cno Ha C-irbhho- 

'}>%.:':KHn *r.':*r.l Sfl Ilt.T = "BrT~i. JjWCfc Hlffi Iipil- 

<:&! :':h : b*H-': H- ir "Ir-,^ Kil~7u HS i"! Bp~fcueHHaTa eBpO- 

;•':/. ::-v :.vy.: 3^' ::z£- no-:.:fcHHTa ine cnoxkiH vnacTb- 
i-.- r-5 n;*rZv.:::tiZTt ::?.&' r.it&.-?+?: rpi>Kt>pHMCKaTa. eni- 

\\w J^HM.;-h:r.;r ':e nbpzri* -.eupi'jiTa na eirfcHaTa Ha 
i:y;'7yf,H;:7i. t;:C'.-. : .v. Th •.■t •.-•hit* on ciaBHHO^n.iHTfc 
:^ '-jho ro.i"iwo 'tTi:pa7;:~ : 1. 11; -«q»je. bj nj.ocvrb ce CBoaua 
mw.l r-.wt, fj'j\/jiti;i na 3apa>K;u-.WiiiiaTa ce, a bt» c&ni- 
mot 7 ^ y >. ;? j ,^ mv: :i* . a 3;; a t ■; ko- e.ia bh n. na Kyjrrypa ott> e 1- 
Hh <:i\fru* ;: J'i:»!..hk oauHji:" orb jpyra. -) 

III Trt i;i ju->h h1;mi Hijui" ooini c"b eTHorpa<J>HqecKOTO 
'mjib-'hotbo. Ta e cano CTbf-aHHeTO Ha pyccKHTfe pycco- 
<|;h/ih ;jh o*:pfiB.iai*n.. TeopimiqecKii. oqaKBaHOTO ott. 
t1,:o, u't.AVh tl\>w:(;tbo h^ Pyn.-iifl bi> Espona. Haona- 
km. w;i*rjn1, hh jivccirMTl; e;iaBHHOiJiH.iH CTpaHHO CbBna- 

ff:i py:'T.r:.! ; ■VY.;.i p« '7 H*:}\H'}> -1 \. e.X* 3HaMeT-'. K'-eT" Tp'fe'JBa ja IipiI3- 

Mai/r..'L m U'. i ;:[!'}. r.'M'.r'b hciriKif c.iabftiie. koiito ce CTpeME&Tb 3a 
no'-; mi an i.«:7 'i h.i fc''':''.MfcHHi:K'"/r».» noejHHeHiie* T.i. ,19-fl 4>eBpya- 

pMR", Typliy-',Vs':pMHL II OKTOMripllft ISV'7 I\ To3H BTfeCTHnKTs 

<mmim. 'ii'i# 'jpi.iifH'rt, ff;- <:VMrp.tHTiiTis. pejaKTnpaiue ce oti> r. r. 
Cis. Mm NipM:x m J. IJ. Iloii'/hk ceia uociIuhiih e Bpto^BCKii aeny- 
i;ii i. h p«:.j:u:iopL if.i?'. .MMp"L".. .11) 'tefcpyapiifl* ce iiaaaBauie ott» 
(JjrtH.M if 'i \iytf\:(,i<j no<-o.i''j no u'L ByKypeiin,. i;mkto TOBa aanBHBa 

fa Ml. MM.lJip'ffs'l, HI, ,IM':isHMi::f CM. 

l t Tol'.;i ,1 i) .1 '\. M h' '/Jf.'pMTM'.' IlffeKH .leHlj CTaBit II u M a .1 K o 

llpl..iu i:f'ii'ii:o r:M.i:i'i;i na I'yvnM c.f. cl'.toii hv bt> npMBOc.iaBHeTO 

M r;i.\irM-|.p/lc;ilsMr;TO. it WU KOM^MfliillMMTn Ha T'liXH .IB'B Hi'TOpineCKI! 

yr.iOBMii ch if o «: if ii m i I; y <■ l h i p m e h c t b y b a h h ;i Ha ,rHH- 
;ihii - ;iJin;i;n,. llor.rluiiHMri., ko/'ito no to3m iia'niii'b e Bene noanii- 
HH.1'1* na ce/)*'. cm io.iI,m;i Ma<n, oti, pyrcKHfl #khbott>, upnji>.iH\aBa 
hc'1;km ;msiii. ;ia naiiucM iiobh cM'ijpTf»iociiif yjapa Ha pyccicaTa ^ca- 
mo^htiiocti/. Tona i"\. ocntiiia cii.ia if:un.piiiBa bl Pvcchh pa3BH- 

Hai^.lUHX fit KailMTa.llKtM'L, KdflTti V'h ("l,:i,UlBaHHUTO na ro.i'BMH pyccKH 
paOoTHHMCr-KM Ma«TH, HfTHIK'.KM (ilipOIIcnrKH IIpO.ieTapHHT I,. KOBe KO- 

HM^ro, komto mi* iip(i6o;(c uapM:i.Ma — nocrlaHHTa c;i1ua na pyc- 

VMWVW. aUlli'lTCKil caMnfiMTIHH'TI.. 

') JleOHTI.OH'l,, ViH'Clil, Hf)(.Ti)K'l> II CiaBMHCTBO, T. 1, CTp. 295. 



i;i i i crt Tlsan Ha lrtnorauiHaTa BwaaiiTHflcKa hm- 
nepnH. Eto aamo n rfe earns Hapn'iarb CBOHTa fi.Y.jL*ma 
Kyjnypa: cjiaBHHo-BHaaHTBacKHB tithi.. 

I.'ih'm'TBI'HHO KB3artO, CJiaBH3M'b H CJiaBflHOfpHJICTBO 

lie emmecTBj'Ba, a uffUueeiByaa BH3a hth.3mt>, tt.3 naro 

ikI.i'I; xapaKTepHH TbpTB. Ha ITbpBHfl HpaBOCJlilKKCTO 

h camwbpjKaBHeTo, ce cp^maTb oiye no paHO bi. no- 
c.TbaHHfi . 

„Hnft 3iiae*n>, nnltic r. .leoHTueBb, L ie bt> abpaaBa- 
t.i Bii:iiin'Li];iwa 3aa<!n — ea MOA'tpHtaaae. Bi> pejinrHHTa 

TOfl 3I1UHB XpHCTIiaHCTBO l"h ODplifffejieHH TbpTH, KOHTO 

ro otji una Barb orb 3anaAHHTE m.piiBH, orb epecBrfe h 
pacKOJiHrfe. B'L HpaBCTBeHHHa eB'brb hhA SHaeirb, L ie 

BHSaHTRflCKHilTf. HfteaJl'l. H'BMH TOBa BHCOHO H B'b MHOPO 

cjiynaH KpafiHO nptyBejiFiHeHO MH'feHHe 3a serfnara 40- 
ul-i 11 i;a jiH'iBOCTt, itoexo Buecc bi. HCTopiiHTa repMaHCKH*in. 
(peoA'iJm3M-b; aHaewb HatCJioHHQCTbTa na BHsaHTHflCKHfl 

HpaBCTHI'HK H.ai'itJl'l. KhiVb pa3010pHBaHlieT0 BI. BCH4K0 

aeMHO, bt> marmeTO, bt, ycTOHHHBOCTtTa Ha nauiaTa co6- 
CTBeiiHa iHCTora, bi- Hamaxa cnoco6nocTb iu.Mb tihJiHO 
iipaBCTBeHHo yci.BT>i}ineiiivruyBaHbe TyKT. flOJiy; aaaetrb, 

'!<■ UJCSaiM'IKlMl.Tb (K.1KTO H XpHCTliaiiCTBOTO B'bOfillie) OT- 

XB'bpjin BCBKa HajieHtfla na BceofimOTO 6Jiaroj(CHCTBHe Ha 
RapoaHTB h ne to e nb.iHOTO OTpituaiuie Ha n^eara :ia 
BceiejioB'feit'CTBO, Bi. eMHC'tJibua aeMHO BcepaeeHCTBO, 36m- 
. Ha BcecBo6o^a h Bce;iOBO.ncTBo" ') 

BH3aHTH3M r bT'L — TOBa e aCKIiTHTeCKHfirb Hfleajn.: 
1: 'it.. Mo.iiiTBa, ae 1 101 10 me 1 it. Tpyjrh o, m.jino cbsaaaHe 
iiii i'. bo e to iifliuoMLi'Tfti'i h ei. crbria iionopHocTb fia y;ia- 
piiTli, bob 'to nciipama e*ju5aTa; ct> ribjiao iipliaiipaHne 
I "a cyeTUHfi T0311 mehbott, m iojibmo ynoBanbe bi. jnpy- 
I th cjhjht., ne3eneHi,. PasGapa ce, ne to3h rtfKemusMi ce 
I n[i1>;iniji:iia 3a,'ii.jiHiirn.'.iiCH'b caiio an napo/ia, a aeWHHi-B 
I Caara, nacjiajKaemiH b niipiuecTua ah aa BisnueHoceqa 
n neroBHT"K iiiaflnti n ftojiapB. Tosh 6'feiiie BB3aiiTH3MT.T'b 
I Ha HH3KaTB HMIIPpHJI, mOMl, T-iBil 1; 11 cjiaBHHoipHJicT bo- 
tij Ha pyccKaxa. 

H Tin HOA't. cjinBHHOipH.ic.TBO hh3 TpIs<5Ba jia paa- 



Jk'OHThcl'l,, I. .-|'|p. ■ 




rtHpBMe „flCHftTa n paaOpana* naen Ha BH3aimi3Ma. C 

•tii.nu.un. HHKOra HCC CjYi[U,eCTByBajn>. ToB (■ .,rr|>nni«"l.' 
BaHBflBB r. JleOHTteffb. km, c-LHtejiflBaMh, qe li'liHfiu'b n-t 
BTO At npHHPA* B'hCTopeHceHHHT'fe c;ioBa aar. JTeoHTbeBi 
; mi i;iirnl:l.Mil, IIQA'b BJHHHnei'O Ha KOflTO ce e aatcp&iBff! 
|iyi i<.iiLi I i. n;i|ni;tM'b. ') 

,,'ln KftTO TiiKiiBa Mor*um Bp'h3Kii cat pa nan. Om 

lliaj'li KRSKa IIMpepilH H PyCCHfl, KaKBH B'l.priJ.'li C[il,| 
m:iii. IHM'.'ll: Ullir;! n. eJiaBHHCKHT'B JlLpHiSBH? CgHO CJT 

'liidim, MOAumu<tecKU. Hcxhtb c* no Jiyxa ch vi+.miii 
i.i,ihiT" Monte fla ce nance h 3a .apyriirE cjiauHHe b 
Khcfputt. 

U'lirrh na BCH4KH CJiaBHHOtpHjH 6'BXs. ycTpeneti 
i 11'wji'apna h OtpCHH, rvTETo it oiaKEax* fla bi 

Alff.'n. npOHBJieHHeTO Ha B-tiKOBHOTil BH3aHTMflCKO BJIHf 

■ II np^ACTaB'BTe ch tbxhotq pasoiopaBaHHe, Kora 

hi HWfeae, ie „'i"B3ii HapOflH jo cera m, JiimeTO ua cboi 
i nHHTCJiereHUHfi", ocb'Bhl Hail pasaajieaaTa h By^raj 
MHHa 6ypDKya.3uH hh cn*Ta hhiho He AHBar'b" 
li,\|" inn. HO BBTOpft) 

BliJIl ap«H 11 ObpSHH ptlHHTeAHO nOHCHSX*. J] 
t'll.i.i.ii. til. HATH Ha t'BpOIR'fiCKHT'b KOHCTHTyqHOBH 

i'i|iiiini. II. nplicaflaXjK eBponeflcKHTB nap.naneHTCKH 
Kpym yipi'WtfeHtiH. Ct. eaua ayiwa, t*b ca oo-nei 

HN BaimA^'i K3TO ce homahhxa i.a nc- 

i> refit* 'ii bchiko a3HaTO-BH3aHTUHi'Ko. „He 
IWI, iipoBHKaa ce Me.iai!sruiHHecKH r. JleoHTM^ 
ilnt.mO/iiiiiiii. 1 1 Ssl; 83) pyccKHrb opjiH Dp'taBptia 
l.\ ii in > ii BsJlKHHHTli, aa Aa motat'i. ceTH-fe c r bp6eTh 

I" i i. ii lyiiBKrt. ua CBo6o.ua kokoihute aSua 

mi BpoiieflCTBo a la Hapxos'b, a la Kofifle: 

■ .. n. iPtiup-b" "). 

I-' .nun i ni'liil.n',1 riip'l.dlfa, KOflTO OCTaBB MBJKAy G 

-..Vim, e iipaBociaBiieTO. B'i. cxl 

mi in II (iafl-JI0r,Y.lHC'TO L'pllACl'BO, Hptefc. KC 
. i . | .! i (i.ini'l.i CBOCTO BJIHHHHP ua HcTOICb. 

:■ ■ 

I I ■'■■,. 



,.jla iiu saSpaBHine, Kaasa cj&mnfl JleoHTneBi, -w 

llpHUHllin.T'b, B'b HMeTO Hil KOffTO HHfl BCBKOia Ct> BMlie- 

saxMe bi. pa6oTHTK iia Hctoki., 61iuie He HAeMeneitb, a 

{Uhpt'iii'iitiinith-Hi.'- ')' 

Toba crtimeTLi tiaiajio me Bjrb3e bi oCHOBaTa h Ha 
6*jlAmiia HCTO'iHO-npaBOC^aaeffb cbHwTb, bt> kohto, oc- 

R-fcH'b CJinBHHCKHTB 3eMH, me BirfeSATT. OUje H -FtpUHfl H 
PyjJJKHHH. flilHte llOCJlliJ.HnT'B AB^ ^'l.piKaBIl, IlOpaAHOBOH- 
T'tl BATp1;iIlHH OTHOmeBHa, CTObSTb MHOrO UO 6.1H3y flO 
,i\X;i Ita 6foHKUSFH HyjITypCHT. HCTOIHO- BHBaHTHflCKH 

tmitb. -) r - t.pmifl— 3am,0T« th e cijKpanmia no HacrrBji- 

CTBO BH3nHTHHCKtn"B 1'l.pTH, a PyjIAHHH, 3Elin,0T0 Tain. 

ce e ctxpaanjio y cejinHe p i"B pa36npaHHeTo iia clcjkib- 
hht'e paBJiHHHH. ToraBii, Koraro y ftiJiraperfe u ci>p6e- 
t"B ce e aauanHJi't ,a?MOKp;.iTH i iecKHH, kohto ziecHO np"B- 
MHLiyBa B r L „HaB npoTHBHo n Byjirapno aanajiHo »rt>maH- 
i i bo 1 . B"b TUBa OTHOioeHHe iiojirmurfe ctoMvTL flame no 
in pycceTB, otkojIkoto huh (rbjirape-rfe h rbp6e- 
rfe, 1'i.u KaTo bt> riojitua cjjmho ce cnaatf-iH noHHTHflTa 

83 C'bCJlOBHH paSJlHTHH. 

B'L aaKJUoqeHae, bt> Oisfl/Rmnfl hctohcht. cbK&3>. 

1UL' BJl'liaATTi BCHHKHT'B flpaBOCJiaBHH, CJlBBflHe II He cia- 

Bflae, Bropo, bt> Hero me BjTBamn. bch^khtt; cjiaufme, 
npaBocjiaeiiH h HeiipaBotJiaBHH v\ Hafl cera'B yurapuHTB, 
Ttfl Kaxo aa text., aaKJi-femeHH nemny (MiaBHHCKH njie- 
HeHa, B"BMa Apyrn hcxojvl. 

UoL'T'i.neHno cjiiiBnnoi|nuii'i[ara caMOfiHTHa vines, H3- 
.Tfeaaa mst. M-Li'jmBHrt TeopiiH Ha XoMHKoea h AiicaitOBa, 
upHCMa eABo CTporo oiepTHHHe. Tana, imfi 3HaeMt, ie 
t»i noiHBa na sain.cirfeJuiTB pyccKH arpapnu OTHOiiieHnw, 
iipnaiiiiua aa a.s;\ ocikibiiji joi'Mara: npaBocnaBHeTo „ct. 

HCrOBHH aCKeTH4tiCKH XapaKTC']!'}, H CBMCIfl'LpHCaBHCTO, in, 

a3HftTeitaTa My ipop«a. Ilmi BHJvfexMe ome, ie cubbbho- 

(JlHJICTBOTO HC C t'flHtl eTHMIVJornMCCKO, a UCTOJIHIL-CKO 
HOH»iTHe, T'bft KflTO TO lie e pflBHOCHJIHU Ut. CJiaBH3Ma — 
KOHTO e „C(pHHKCTj" II IR'i'.YiWf'-'TBVIIU — II OTi'OBOpH 110 

fLfltpsKaHHPTO en Hii nnuiiH'1'HHMii. KMfi-'fT'irl; c;i,thhho- 





- n - 



BHsaiiTHWrbTt me ce ffbmioTB bt> iic'To'lHo-xpncTH; 

CISHH HW". KMIHKB I MaBfllKKpBJIH, Ha| 

rpaflT. TpfefiBa ja cmHe cTo.uma Ha roan rM&vt., 'I 

Ome on, cera •■ rpy^Ho na ce oupilfl'BJlH 6<&a& 
mam ipopwa h;i ynpaBJieHBeTO mi tosh lUTo^ao-npaBf 
ejiaBeui ci.tAXb. Taan rjiopiin me 6*,ie jvbjio Ha ,Heyii< 
jiHHu cera oficrosTe.icTBa", KaKTo onuie r. Jleoanveffi 
Hi. TOBa eaMo othochtcimo nodpofrwcmttmtit, a ejpii-r 
qipTH na T33H 6;n,a,j&ma hctoihs (peAepanuji 
ctiaKTiiiecKOTOT-bpsKeeTBo Ha Pvcchh ct> HeflHaTa a3Ha* 
i BH&iHTttflCKa Kjjirypa. 

3a HCin.JiHeHHeTO Ha Tofia, Menu;* apyroro, ce i 
Ka nopaHteHHeTo na peny(viiii;ancKa 4>paHiuiH, ru'feajioi 
aa peBOJiBJUHHTa h 3atia£HaTa Ky.irypa. HaacTHHa, T 
chh rbpcBiiie Cht&3& h;» cppaHioui, Hi. rasa, 
.1eoHTneBT,,e „cauo noBxpxHocTHo, Bi.HKauiHo, 3a cna; 
BaHiieTO hh nojiHTHiecicoTO paBHOB-fecae aa eaponea 

I"B Al.ptftaBIl". ,.Hl> 3a BtTBKHrO, Iipo.Tl .J^.Uia TOfl, KOH' 

Hiiro Ha Hiiiiyia He iieKa Aa 3a6paBti 3a 3aBl>THa« 

HCH(M)HHCKa, a liae ; Uin CT. TOBSI jeKOHCITWlHHira JICMTa a 

tusaeacuMama, mhoiocaomcho ,■< ttosa cjuunmr 
wt't«,i)t.iawji, nOBHKaHa aa 3aM4.ern ponaHo— repw 
CKaTa, 3a Hero BceBT>3MOJKHOTO yHiHKemie na <T>pai 
rbto Hafl nanp'BAH*Jia aanaflaa crpaiia, Tp-fe6ea ga < 
'.KjR.no ott> BoeiiHara uo&bnn Hajn. 1'epaaHHfl' 
Bt'j|icto ycjioBiie e m>;moTO GaHKpyrcTBO ] 
CTBTyHBOHHaTa Mamm, Hn napjiaMeHTapn3iia n aan; 
■KCTBOTo Meatfly bukhiite cjiaeflHe. „KaTo crane 
ftfeomOTHaTa HecLCTOHTejiHocxb, nmiie .TeoHTbewi., 
UHdueudgOAHO-n*ymoKpamuH«CKtiH u xohcmnmywtoHitd c 

■iirKUn CTpOfl, TOraBa BCHIKHrfc JICTOIHH I 
11)111' I.ll Hai[0H, KOI1TO, TT.0 U.HH HHatCL, Tp'fe6a fla I 

3*TT, Bb CLCTaea na ropfcuoMeHaTtiH BfJiiil 

') CjRiiie™ H'tiito re npiiejia or* up. KoMapouc 

M.i i ct. Haeurt na 2anii.neucnii no 6s,a*m.iTa jjojiji e 

Iiiirjiajii. (HcroiHnn B-uipoei> crp. 35.) 3:t cera, iiaiiTii Beio 
HiixMe, KukEipniu.-KH iicku H(jyr|>a.iii:i;iHii>irn. T-Liu .i.nli ii|if ■riiBii[i-fei» 
BORaHRS CS '■i.ii«UfTiiiiii i-:iii<i n't r.iaaara Tia eflimii K.imaieveli 
pyc«KH opwj»«eeopi. 

*) JleoHTteai, T. 1 290 crp, 



tue GajjiRti. Fiaitapaiiii on, nyBCTBOTO ua cSHOcnasBa* 
hhcto flii ii;)iii,|>ni;iT i. y ic.Ce ch, Acuta, npoipemtmo- 

pi'tumtoHun pi'ifiopMu, kohto &a cxGiuffin. ua rfeXHHTfe 
ofimecTBa no ro.TEMa tfcmowioiocmh"') 

Te3h, TLft aio6eanu HapeiCHH npoipecctttmo - peaic- 
HHtiHMi ptcfiopjm me aba An. pahb Hosa „rpyi]npOBi<a Ha 
0611111111171;, njniMHpeHH cl bhcokoto p-ahhctbo na Seayc- 
jiobho MoiiapXH'iecKara B-iacTb", -) IlopaHO hh,1 bh.abx.wl> 

,l.:i K38B0 C*mOTO AttCBKOB'b ffb HHCMOTO CH A'> BaT6M- 

iVpra. Bt. 3aicjiKJ4eHiie 6*a«mBH HCTOiein. CbMiffb me 
6aac oTpnuaime'i'0 ua BeniKH Kyjrrypiin coimajimi h bo- 
jiHTHHecitu yciHiXM Ha aana/yt on> ^ahu cTpaHa it rtp- 
SfeCTBOTo Ha „npraMiiHet.KaTa cTHxiiflna" a3naTCHa cjia- 

BHH0-BH3aHTIlftfKa PyCCHH - OTT, ffpyra. 3 ) 

He ncKa ctMirBiiiie, <ie pyeuito'io npaBirrejicTiio lo 

PTHflCfl K'l.M'b CJiaBHBXHpHJICTBOTO CbiyBCTBeHHO. CjlaBHH- 

I'lcira Hfles ciiOMara 3n pa3BirnieT0 ua pyccKOTO bjihb- 
hhu na llrroin.. On, Jipyra CTpaHa, cl CAaBii'icKata hash 

gyCCKOTO npaBHTPJlCTBO CB I'.iyjKII, KBTO C'b L'AI'H'b flepH- 

Jbid. 80S. 



>] PaanHHHnrfe Giwirap 




HptUH; Ji"f>e[>;i.in H JLMORpt' 

ll;lr-..[|jri ||i-TI;il <-l, MAVJKI-cTtiV — ;IB.T.!I«I If ■ 

L T ii u ,1 e ir. Eti> (,iiiiri. Mfl.ii.K't fiyKCTt: .H-lJMii 

Pyecim me 6s.m- Ha bhcotbts mi CBoerd nojiu- 

I, iroHTu 6xax.mrit> iHijrh.rJV 

r-i. pit ii..mi T IT I! Il.lppii H- 



IK." 


jBtifJiae a e". .3il Pyecnfl smoro sawn aa hh h«:i 




KT. o 6 in ii n ii[iari n a C .'i s B fi n I! r b hi 0, a 


■: i 


■fejja EBpona." „Mji. B-kjcrapHU*. 




hh u|iHKHHBu ua Gopfla ce rBBaafl SuBafti' 



,\\ EfbK'b uie Biijin rb|»i.'oeTB''iTi j i .laiunir'iitoTu* It r. 

dbt,| HaoOiuci H'bMa pyccnipH-ieicn B-feeTHWKi., kqHto an HB 
r. bcIskii cipnll c.iaBKHCKaru iiai'H. bxitpoci.TT. e, pon- 
ce, apyri,, fln -in pyccrKpH.iiirfe paatitiptirfa rbjibpiwimii'Tii n 
■o Mil iMiiiiimri.'iirii HfteB. Ct. cBOtvm noBcaemie rfc khopo 

b ailllli'li'lpillH KB I'ilMII RilJIKilllCKII B-I. Ilpa™, KOHTO IID- 

b >)e iiptmiriu'i, Haamica ua y:inuaTa, a to tnwtaira, 'ii* v>(\ 
BJii. cifihl. fMsc'tML apvni Hiiainifi,— :i:i ri|>'3 ■Mil'- ,1 ■<■ 

1 BOM - II IIOlM-t CTJIHt'll II HtirTrlfl'tHBO HI 'HI! nitil.ri. !i;lp('C('il 

i DpawiBHe. 



— 72 — 

BaTHBi*: Tfl OTBJiHHa ro^iiMa nacTB orb yMCTBemiaTa 
eHepiHH Ha pyccKOTo npocBljTeHO o6mecTBO, kohto bt» 
upoTHBen-L cnyqaft 6n ce Hacomna npoTHffb Bi&Tp'femHO- 
to HecnocHO nojioaceHHe HaPyccHH. Oth&cth, <n> c^iqa- 
ivk/ib pyccKOTo npaBHTejicTBo npn6 f fcrBa no H^KOft n;&Tb 
h ao boAiihtIs npoTHB-b T ypiyifl, KaKTO, 6-feme „ocbo6oah- 
TejiHaTa" BOfiHa. 

Hi* pyccKOTo npaBHTe^cTBo bt^ CBonrfe Al?ficTBHHe 
CBi>p3aHO ch MeHCAyHapoAHH aa&JVhy&eimR KhWh AT>p»aBH, 
kohto Mor^Ti> Aa ce M'fepKRrb ci> cHJiaTa Ha PyccHH h eTO 
3aiuo uo H^Kotf ii^Tb to npH6 , ferBa ao aanp'bTHTejiHM 
MfepKH upoTiiBb cjiaBflHocjjMJiHT-fe, KaTO Hanp. 3anpi*me- 
uneTo Ha AncaKOBna „napycb a bt> 1857 r. *) jQtpyin 
n^Tb, bt> Bp-feAie Ha Cp-b6cK0 — TypcnaTa BO&Ha h, no 
kt>cho pyccKo-TypcnaTa, upaBHTejiCTBOTO AaA© m>jraaBO- 
j\f\ h Bb36yjKAaiue cjiaBHHO(j)HJicKaTa arHTauHH, KoraTO 
Bi.HKaiHHHT'ij o6cTO>iTejiCTBa: pa3Aopn Ha SanaAT* h 6i>p- 
kothh Bi, TypuHH ro yjiflCHflBax^ bi> nocTaraHHeTO Ha 
3j\BiiTnaTa ubjib: U,apHrpaA'i> cu upojiHBHrfc, kohto ca 
ueHTpajiHaTa TOHKa h na canoTO cjiaBHHO(f)HJiCTBO. 



l ) CKaJIbKOBCKH, CTJ). 67. 



TjiaBa TpeTH 



HCTOHHIIMTT. BinpOCb. 

I. iT[i(!im'.Kii mi Hcti.^l it Enpoua. — Hau'bcaTa 
TypiwH. — HanajieoHt I 11 pyetEtaTa ooai 
i na 3anufli. ofb pyecKoio HapaetMHseaa Hctokt.. — 
a iin HiTn'iHHflTb Binpoct. — EBpOLwncKiirfe HHTepe- 
1ctoki>. — OTHomeHHurra Ha Aac-ipim kt.kt. ncroiHHrk pa- 
- [lii.iHTiiM^i'ii'.iTu yiftHiifi aa cna3BaHHOTo Ha irfeaOKynaociV 
fypCKara HMnepmi. CsuiHocTi.Ta Ha Toaa yieHiie. — Paa- 
b mhIshiiji aa Hr-Ti'iin, M'-wiy ■■ni-inii-i'if]:n rfc .ti.|i;k3bhh tuntuhe. 
hkii m.'-.i;i i:M'.-ii.mii i'i;i.n.-.iiirKii . ik| j^dCiiniT ii espolTefl- 
— PyccriH tipoTHHi. En|ioira. — /tiificTiiiiHi ;i hh 

3 flHHJIOMaUHH llpOTHllt BtpollonclillH KOMI IHJITT,. KaKT. TH 

— CTjWMJieHBOTO Ha pyccKaTa f iiin.niMEMiii>] ;iii M'umiin- 
Hcwmnn BtapocT.. — AararoHHairbni Memay Pyccn« n 
P'.iiiefli.'Kii I'd ;it.pwaRH on. r.'iejiHa roiita Ha HHT6pe- 

CMT* H3 6ajIKaHPKHT+, napnflH. 



li'b flB'fe'rb (ip'fea.HUJHH 1'JiaBH Hnfi pasivieflaxiie paa- 

"; nujiHTHMecKH 11 Hfleojioi'H'iecitH iJtopMH Ha pyc- 

CTpeMt'jKif caun no ce6e en, a Bt HacToamani 

i hhm me m aHajin:iH|tiiMe bt> cnp^ana ch HHTepe- 

Ha QCTaaaiJiaTa KBpona. 

PyCCKOTO H3JlH3aHllC B'l> HapHipafl'l, H ilpOJIMBHTfe 

Bbsjih ii-fejiaTa eBponefie'Ka uojiHTwuecfta CBCTejta, 

iHrli fl-LpHtaan, noil noBeie, itoa nonajiKO, me ycfe- 

. orropii en yCniHi'TBCHHoro fllsftcTBne na pyccitoro 

caMo;vH 1JKSBHe ' Eto aamo hhh rjieflatie eapo- 

aBM na ce ornjiiBaTT. npoTHB'b HapacTBa- 

Ha PyccHH Ha Heroin., khto npoTHBt ea.Ha roJiii* 

irHocrt. Otne b*i> Bp-feMei-o hji EKarepHHa II, npliai. 

ihhtu Hefina BOHHa cb Typu.ua (1787- 1791) Ah- 

.■miirn. ii.i llm-a, ce aacTAiiBa 3a TypUHH 

i PyccHH. Ai;o riopTaTa 6x,&e noG'feJieHa a Pyc- 



I 



1,: 






— 74 - 

:;:•:!•: Vlal-rjU H. KH3KniMe TlliTL B1- A^lSTWi DO 

.^.1... :;;. t:k»hu;it;i ybnh. irkia Esjion:i * 3aiuBaaiBa" 
.■run ti.-. .-f:.:."\.: »K-.«fi Moxe aa njrksrtrflr wdno 



. i.llil 



1 ■ »■ 



.'.'. ... :;sft."": ri-.-ZUr-TLFTh. KM!".Df« ^J* 



. . .. «;* Ji\.Ui: .il I J.:.ii: T'liiil. 



A 






:ifc -- i:: Kaluga Bi P?*" 



•» .-^ ana*** 



... xl*jW* 

-r+ if '* 






SjSW-**** 



mv i« 



•«!.■ -.-?*« -I»" 



Kofiro nain.pTa PyecHH. K;u;bo e ocTaBauie caao 
Ki*mecTBH? Ji,n aaeme A;i]i;iauv.ncitn'ri] tipojiHBit" ']. 
Ixmara eOTa rtieiioaCTByeaiue bt> Eaporia h cjrfeffi 
iflHHTa pyccito-Typt'KK Bo'iiia-|. Tana 11 aHeci. np-fefli, 
Hiirb 6e3peyenn. 
On. eaHa crpaHa mi."i HMaMe PyecHH, koiito neKa 

Ofine lI'bpBeHCTBVHilUe 3H£t']rHne Ha Hd'OKI. ii jia 

:iuma Ha Typci.'iiTa tiMnepHJt, a OTh jtpyra 
BHTepBCHTfe Ha uoHTO ce 3ai]JianjBan. on. 

! kouto ce crpcMH fla upOTHBO.TBficTByBa Ha pyo 

nopaCTBaHbe. 

ll TO3H aUTarOHH3MT. Ce CT.CTOH H U'EJIHfl HcTO- 

BT>npocT>. * 

,Hcto<ihhh trtnpocb, KaaBa TaTH^^eB^, bi> c&m- 
e mhiii.ii apyro ocbIiht, Binpoca aa aHTeroHBB- 
HtAy Pyccitn h Enpoiia. . . Bch'iko, iraeTo, HaHCT-n- 
we aa ycnropii HHTeppCHrfc Ha PycCHa He me fuz.- 
lyeHATO on. Eapona, a bcjtiko, kocto aonycHe 
a, Bcfewora me nsjrfeae HeflocTarb'iHo 3a ycarope- 
Ha pyeciiHTE HHTepecH"'). 
KaicBii cplsacTaa yiioTTrtfiHBauie it MOateuie aa 
i Eapona npoTHBT. PyecHH? IIp-feA" Bcnqiio, He- 
rfj-bji-EHtiiHi., ie pojinTa Ha Eppona (.• rjiaaHi i omSpa- 
, KoraTo T33H Ha PyecHH ■■ Hanadamejma u ste- 
rna. II. ffhficTBHTejmo, iihkoh CBponeftcita xi.p- 
H-Biia TepHTOpaHJlHH i[t;.ia Ha Hctok'1. ocbbhi, 
in. Mowe Gh, tvki. iipami eflHO cjiaSo HCKJiiOHeHBe 

ABCTpiIH, HT. TH BTEMa I1HTO BT.3M0jKHOCTl.Ta, HI1T0 
Umis Blanc ffisloire da dix ans. (4 egit.) Paris 1810. T. 

I*ji. neamy flpyro'ro iifc-n.Ta Ha BatwixopcTa dl hIjhckhd 
w Ha 7/11) tpeapyapnfl 1878 r. n orrojtopii h:i B<tcvapKn: 
Bis mar . ■ k-= Re den |Univ. Bib], 3696—98), S. 31. 

araTHtaeBi. Hst, Ilponuiaro u np. cip. 492. 
KBS,THO CdUILeT'l 6 Kit3iUl'b HHOfO DO p»HO It aBCTpilflOKIIH 

MuBBTb DpoiceuivOcTeH-h: »Ton«, koBto, nintie roll, traTO t'liti- 
"l'-(. Ki..iii. i;»iii(iTtL ,-n Zur (Ji;srhi,'Lite tier O r i e n ! a- 
■"-hen Kragnn, no ivrHuuienne klstl Typuan ce H*pn*ia He- 
•bft Bi.npocTi, el. cEmaoerb e B'bupoci. Mewiy Pycriin it oeTa- 
'a EBpoini" (reHepa.Tb A. H, IlerpoBT. T, I. (iTp. 38), 



"lata Esponii' (n 



najreataiuii iiyaKj.ii na m-.m e/ma aaeoeBiiTejiHa iikjihti- I 
KH Bb BuJtKaHHTt. He HClttl t'bMH kHHt*. ie ano Ha A;- I 

mtijih if npis.iJinjK.Y.'n. Mm«?aonHH. Kai.TO i I 

Bncua 11 Xepu.eroBHHa . to up me ce oTK.me. Ako h jb- I 
HSiVh name IXiipurpafli. h mraBa t« nam. He W a I 
OTKaJKe, hi. caiia AncTpHa, no cboa wiimnaTWBa hju I 
HpliS'i. noilnn, lie me <■(.■ pkinu tia eaiio a'Ehctb 
EaJwaHnrfc. jla He 3anpnBHMo. ie ABCipim e earn 
pcrari,, KOfnn wjiii^i-Tiiiie na hatp'I;ii[hhtk nainiOH 
oopOii MOHte an ee paspyiun nine npn irbpHorn n 
HuBCHiie. OcBtH-b tobs, eflMa saBoeBareJifia boAh 
KajiicaHtitHM no.iyocriJOBi. fin 611,111 KpaaHO m: ■ 

H Meatfly CilMHT'B H'BMUH. HaiUOTO OCffkHb iMllGOCTH I 

staTepnajiHO Hcromemu: sn Abctphh tb flpym mi wo ■* 
Monte flu fltiee/ie. Abctphh r mhii mhoi'O h.ih Miuiito roc- 
BHJH30Bana KOitcTin'y minima crpaHa, n bc-bkh ejyurv 
HoncoaBoeBfiH'L napo;i;i, me HiiMl.pn bi, c;.imhh aBcrpi 
pewHMT. cp-saCTBa ,'[a i;e fiopii n. ueHTpajmaTa BjiacTbB 
j'l-hjih .meiimaia n,v.Tplunna HeypeAima. OTimanneTO *» 
Abctphh naBiRTp1i m. EajiKancitHfl nojiyocTpoB't, bsh'MB- 
hhcto hh Cn.iyin,, Ti.ii HapfiL-HiiH tmpeMeann man He- 
moKb (Drang nacli Osten) e eaiia chmo uenra u TO 
TOJiKosa Ha taMiirl' aiii-Tpuiiim, Ko.iBOTH ntpao, Ha But- 
MapKa a neroBHrfe yieaima. kohto otb.tbuox.Yi ci, roaa 
iimuiaHHcTo Ha ABCrpiui on. ep-K,'i.nn Depona n Bf<9 
— Ha PyccHti, kohto iianpaiw AscTpHH, KaitTO iipw paa- 
A-fcjiara na riojinia, ctyqaci'mma 11a cboht'B iip'ECTArt- 
jieHiiH, aa una pAtrtn-B en cboOoahh. 

Hi. Abctphh hh» nafl 3Kii3Hennii itHrepecb, m n TO 
a Pycc-HH aa lie ciane jrbjma roeno.iapua na liajiKiiH- 
citna dOJiyocTpom.. Tyicb iiefiHiia miTepeci, i'^ana^S^H 

TOBH Ha CaJIKaHCKHTfe HapOflH H Ha BCH1KHTB 0CT31 

eeponeScKH A'tpjKaBii. 

O'L 6op6aTa en iipoTiiB'i. pyccKoro pacniapeHHe Ha 
Ilii 'i;i, eapoiieficKH'rfe ,'ii.piKaBii en iiocjiy?Knx* ci 
TypmiH. T'b HaMni'.'iHXff* iipnnunna na cLxpaHenneTO m 
TypcKaTa HMnepna, BJiaa'!n'e;iKa h erpawa na U,apM- 
1 ■ L >- 1 .. ■ 1 11 iipiummiTt.. Typimn rp-lifiaa na u.v-v npoTHBO- 
u-fecb na pyccKaTa enjia. n-n.iyi.i. h3HHKh» 11 rypitoipHJ- 



KaTa eBponeflCKa no.iHriiKa. Eepona He re npHCLpua 
EHtt caaata Typnns, kojikoto ki>mt> po/im'a, koijto ce 
i.maKRiiiue on., hi-h.. 

.xpHHi'iiiii.-Tij crkroifyDuocTbTB Ha TypcuuTH HMiie- 
|injp i'ran.T. ocuirph'i. joinart. h:i eBporiefurKaTa jthii.to- 
num. „i''i. efttiiii. "iobIskii, Kaaeame flap/p. raTairb, 
kro hg BHWAa HHTepPCHT"B Ha Aiirjiiifl at cnaaeflHHeTo 
jpKfnHOCTtTa Ha Typnim, a3t He ik/khmi. na enopBt* '). 
PyccKHfirb iiocJiaHHam> Kiinst JlHBeHt TMierpiifpa* 
ue Ha llecc.'ipnjte on, JIoh^oitl na 18/30 Oiitombphh 
.,irl;.'ia Eaptma rjiejw ct ystach hr pyecKHH 
., i n]';im;i;iiT'l; i.'ii.ui Ha nuroTO MOrVRTb fla re 
ijincaTb iiajti. Heb& no eftHHi. 8hhkTj cawo. 3aTOBa 
i. hpBiitj HHTepect e aa nofltpjKa Typmifi, Karo ecTe- 
'iHPiii, Bpart Ha Haniero oteiecTao' 2 ). 

CAtmn-fe ayMH ce noBTnpmtA h bi. bch^iuitI. espo- 
neflcim KaOiTiit-'ni, 3amoTO H'feMa eBponeflcfta jvbpjKaBn, 
iiHTi'pi'firi"!; na kohtu Jia He cis CBT=p3aHH HanpaBO HJIH 
SpBMSHo i'i. Hctokt.. Emm BncMapKi. eano 3aHBaBame 

IP .HCTOHHHftT'b BTdlpOCb HB CTpyBa KOCTHTE flawe na 

(Minn. iioHt'paHCKH rpenaaHpi.". Hi. on. Heroaa CTpaHa 

5-feiue caMO ejrua nrpa. Toft m-naine jta f.A,ie npHfl- 

g ilci. Am-rpnH, H'b ,na He pa3Ba.in ir ij|>hhthjictboto cm 

'"i. l\ri mii. 'Ton ofiH'iame noJiflTHKara na .ycaropnBinuicro 

n DptytHropHBHHHfTfi*, npaBliiuo Tiii.in. chHurb h ci. e,iiiit- 

I Tt h ci) jpyrnT't. .n.iKt'iue iie/iHiirB n apynrrB, a 0611- 

I immune ce6c en 3a e,i.nin. .'woii'in- i-'iMiupi'ifb"'). IK 

aptcb, HucLMH-BHiio, np-feqeme Ha pyecKara mwiiiTHita 

B "a Heroin, 11 ci.3HaBau.ie Hefinara onacHocTb 3a repMii- 

. HeroBHftTi. Hac.Tt.amnrb Kanpiinu Bene bhcoko 3an- 

e nATLTi. 3a Uapurpaffi. bojth nptei. BpaH- 

iypcKin-k uopi'ii 1 ) 



•I Louis Blanc, T. II. p 13. 

-) ElJIV.m,. lilllil"r[i:illllMJI Ilo.lMTUhM I'VCCKIII'II Hji[ii'I|::i ;.\. Li. 

I AeuoKpari.. >Ki']ii-i::r crn, 5(1). 

cks ReiJen etc... S. Li I I... fini-s clirlk-laeu Ma- 
leschCi.ll Wirtlir'h ZustaTnk- 1 ■[« r ivi 1 ivill'i. 
1 TpiiyMi|in.-in;. ;i|ii;!i 11:1 m'|i,inni-:,'jirii y .11111.1 filler ■ l''n 



— 78 — 

i ryin. ne uic- ce BuymaMe bi. pa; 
Ha HOBeaeiiHeTo Ha Eapona kt.ht, TypuaH. Q^e M&b 
■.Kimi. cajio, te 3ain.HT.iTa na irkinKynHocTi.* 
i'i;;i[ii Bwnepna fykme irfejicci.o(ipa3Ho, Aa Karo bt> ca 
Ta Typcita HMiiepua He (W;xa HmuiKHAJiii hobh mum 
qeCKM HTJlll — B'L3pOAPHHT"B ce Oa^Kancau napoflH, k 
to ja saeuarb wfccTiTO aa ottana.iaTa Typn.ua 11 
iiOFtptiBHTejicTBOTo h rapaHnaara na Espjaa jia hcit 
HHsarb ciRiqaTa rvrOpanaTt'-'iHa pu.ia na npojinBirrt 
nn:i, Pyecaa. ') EBpona, HaonaKH, ci. CBoeTO noBejie 
B-b36yAM oaJinaacKHrE HapoflH npoTHB*b ce6e c'h 11 

XBlTpjIH B"b OTBnpeilUT'B OfiHTHfl Ha PyCCHfl. 

Ht> Ha Bp-feMero en tobs Riiacjiax*. >t h-bkoh 

30p,lllBH L'BpOlieiiCKH ^l.pJKaBHB NAJKbe. Bt 1884 

Kauri. — Hum., D^a^man MUHHCT-pt Ha BtHKaiUHaTl 

Goth, Jlopflh Aepoii, npon3Heewrh Meatfly ApyrQTO H 
Ayi*m«Tli JiyMH: „TypuiiT-B ca ii3nrpajin cROma 
ffi> HcTOpHHTa. . . Aat. lie paaonpaMi. HawfepeHfiHTa 
na tiaaiHTfe CTapa noJiKTiiiecita a'bhhh aa no/ibp* 

TypCKHH peiKHUT, UH.'lb TOfl AOO'bp'b HJ1H IKHllHRl,. . . 

Hit, Mil (:<:■ anpiftia, >tt: nuii nodiomtiXMC 311 ceSe CM 
ti.n, >t.tfMvitn»i<i, xoutno mtibpdit, cnopo »('■ cmawKmi 
i),Hir,,/ ll >/i,r.'!(u ah Bomotna Eapona..* 1 ) 

Hiift iipHBOHtaaHe MU"BHHeTo Ha ,Hep6n, itaTQ 
Ha e,anHT> noHcepsaTopi., aatupTO <■ najiHUjHQ ;ia no: 
Banc Ha 6-LJirapcKH iHTarejiH, h<\ HaonaKH, maviiiSc 
jnioepajiH a JU'MOftpaTH ca 6hjih Hafl rojrBMH napn 
Ha aBTOHOHiiara Ha Ga.iKancKHrb uapojtH. OruliHi. 
H306mo BaeTO, He BeAffbHCb eBponeflCKH'b ,n.p-KnBK 
66 iiamlicBajiH ai> noji3a Ha xpacTnaaerB, htj 
BaiaJio e ocraaa.no Bee nBJioKynaocTbra 11a TypHaa. 

06aae. KaKTO Be'ie aafrbJi'BsaxMe, Eapona 
npaBT>p3aHa ae ki.m-i. caMaxa Typwia, a KbWh He 
OTfipuHHTeJiHa pojiH. Ako 11a m-bctoto Ha Type 
BBHKiR Apyra fl'bpwaBH, kohto ja ce npHfl-bpscari 



iu' FlepenoAt ci. AHrjiHftenaro. Cti. 



- 70 - 
QBOHTa He3aBBClMBCf£ ii n» m /uinyLUMT], h'yrciiii 

M'ECU B-l. BiKTp'felBBBTt ILli'l. [Kl60TF, ;i:ill.nj»IHT'fl 

i. inn iniiix*. HBxepert nn m iioyibpsfcaTb. 'I Taaa no- 
, nocji-bflBaHa fliiect., e 6n.ui <p ( >P H y jlt, P il na <: >m e 

Til IN.1IIHH OT'l. I'H30. OjrB/Jfb K8T0 IICKilUH.'l >KC- 
;l.;i <■<■ :i;il[p-bmi OTUMHHCKuTa HMtiepHf!, TO ft [l]'in- 

„n'i> sko orb cHJiara Ha irfemaTa, ott> eCTfl- 
iiiun B'l.pBewT. ita i"i.6iiTiifiTa, iil'iioe paaiJieHewne ce 
mi. iihi.nii iipdHiuiuHJi ce' OTKmcHe, na ce tiomoi'- 
; np'fiofipim.'uiiifTu na ts3h iijinRiinmui tfi. nesaau- 
m, na zi.'i B3cne KciajinminTa Ha jrbpjKannTh 

tJiyHCI{ lUMII'b flGHb, ■ip'feirb HOBOTO CH nOJIflJKi'Fllli', 

kjtci eBponeiiatn ]iaBHon , fe('He° ') 

! 3anaflHn Eapona o6nRHBa, ie th 
Henocpi3,icTBem. nmepeirk na Hctoiit> h in th hc 
t;ihii PyccHH caiua aa ce pacnopewtfla cb c»H6»Ta 
roiHUT-fc napojiH, TOflKOBa noBeie y iiocji r E;uiJiTa 



rJilJlKiiriCUHrtl .ll.pKIHIH l-.IVVIi-.T.IT, Mil ri[i,Y,:illu Il;l 
I, Ifb RHfiHLLTi] llt'Tri'Illil Illl.'lIITIlEM, l'l ,, l'H'l , W l l[Hl.l l. 1 , UlOTl ' Eb|KV 
I TiiVh [11.1,11 l.tpHTlMHIJ. Hi. 1IIIIM1,. KSTtl TS HlliK.la. 96 

ncBoftuci-iii aapojiH ce aajiaanTT. eepHoano aa caoHTa HeaauB- 

i, Heflinm HHTepeci. e jn ni nMi]«H Hafi-Mcftuo. Till ao Ka- 

> cM-ferauie, qe Plpuhh me 6sme oucaywno <>]<.* lmi- n;i 

ce ofiflBHBaiue npoTHBt HeflaaTB He3aBiirHS(OCTb, Kb 

■ i Bu.i. , tnn'j[ii-ri-niiTfi, , niii:mf!KiiBa.iueHa llpOKerb— OcreHa, ceiin. 

ii r. At „\fi»i inatri. e cicraBeBV UapHrpaai, moiko 

) rpT,U,KET. a I 1 .WHO 1! BCH'IKIIlii 3SMH, UIO JieiK&T& MeWf- 

. > ii ATima ii rxtjTii (■(> roiiujii! ijji.iikh eaHKfa* [T a T ll- 
. lini i Uoji. HnKo.iau I, i-rp. 8891. 

i Pyccerl. ukvuhpuxai B.-muikh ii Mn.'u.aii;! :ni'fi rojiHHH 

iiiiii'iMTn. b ra - utiTo nifaauiix. Aurrpwi rioni'iia -rbxno- 

i ReyrpajmaHpaKHe, (reHepa.ii, A. H. [IeTpnBi.. 
. IS — Pi) — r.v.iiiriT'!; inirjiun liiipav.T. Aihjihh .hi in i.it.| i-.i;;i 

rflBart 6-wrapeKaTa eawjcTOHTeaBOCTii. Tym e 
a, 'ie «*flcTBBflTa Ha mn^oMaTHT-B He rs an- 

irhilai.-iiii 'ivui'imi hii KyscflHHOCTT.. J!t ntWHTBKaTB "«.i 
leaiue JKkj.Hj 'I'epii, a BSTepscu na Esponn e 

KWT. trhcTiiTci Ha Typmifi, ;ui ri'in.v.ri, ua.fii're.ni na ii[«i- 
t a aapawi cjK'ML'imi na Miipu H eBpttneAcKuro paBHoittcup. 



'i HefiflTH in, (jipeRi'KMH llnp.-ianieHT'i 
■"■ ■ i ne, T. v ]>. :*/«, 



fOnafl 



— 80 — 

ce nBHBa acejiaaae na oTCTpaHH eBponet! 

jiu napaJinviHpa eBp one tic koto H.iHHHne aa iTctokt, ii ;uio 

ifpe;uiTHpa hmcto Ha Kapoua Mc-may HCTOiHHi"fe xpac-rnaiie. 

Pyccaa ae Hcua a;i iipHBHae (paKTHiecKfl npaaoni 

iia Eepoiia m ce jiHTepeeyBa orb hcto'ihhtI; paoom 
Pa36npa ce, <ie, koi'bto Espona e Ha.'mrn.ia •■ i. cuff)] 
KaKTO m> Kp'hMCKaTa Botliia (1854 — 5o), bjib qp-b3T, me- 
jKAyaapojuiFiTii Konrpeccn, hsb-bcthh 3aaJii>>KC'HiiH, Pj« 
CHH e 6iuia npiiHystflaBaHa Jj,a ra Dpn;iHae. Taita, H 
llapMHfCKna Tpaicrarb (1 856) h no Ktcno hi. Bepflg 
ckhh (1878) Pyc^HH npiiuo3na npaaoTO Ha EBporreficKHH 
KOHippTb aa ce Han'BCBa B'b BArp'huniHT'b pa6om I 

TypHMH. H'b, mflMT) KaTO CaMHfl eBpOIieflCKH l.i miK'lili. 

(ic.-iiit'iLii.'. m.-Ji'bACTBHe Ha paajiopHTB MejKiiy 
ft1>p)KBBH, PyccHH MHBHBa 3BaHHMHO, ie Tfl He Dpuasa 
ji.'biicTBHflTa Ha iihiok'i.b'I) eHponeficnn noimepi"i,. 
me KaateMi. orKpoBeHHO, iiHitieiue mhhhctipckh 
iniiM. bt. home B/icMJt, PyccHH npacATCTByBa CI (X 
aaiibe Ha eBpemeflcKa'ra OKyiiaimfi h;i KpHTt. — Ha 
in.piHi nun, iia EBpouefirKHR itOHueprt., lib trbi 
unain, me ce OTHece pyccifoi'o odmecTBO icbii'L h 
HOHbeTo iia Espotia upM'L HapnipaA'i>. Kattmt imm 
Hit Eupmvi uit/m c,k juMv-ceHu? Edmi uHtnepeen >'" 
miwothM'iniiifitiii ii'i pijecmiwib t/ivmxit, a He >KH3iieiiHHi 
H ji'bHCTBHiejiiio Heofixo^HMn ;ia csmecTByBaHbeTU Ha 

H-BKOfl H3b tiBpOlie.'.CKli'I'B ALplKHBI! IIIITcjiccil. '} T«8 

eAini'L rcit.M'b Bi.npnci. ii.i iipocTHJKii. utt, Hinp'BJl'L oGflP 
Hi'Hi: Ha bc+.ko e3.u0 pycciio ci.pAue, orb m-TopajfTS 'in 
itaimirft boJIhh cb Typmia — iicTopanTa na h;ifuht4 

JKepTBH B'l. rfcSH BOHHJI. Bb HCTOIHHH b'blipoc I. r'l, I V- 

CftH He e paBHH hhto ejiHa orb eBponeflcKHrfc jt"hpl 
HtaBH. PyccHH nonce fla ce cbrjiac.H na H'EKaituH ch 06- 

IltH atHCTBIIH, H'b H Bb CaMHTt T'klH o6lini Jl'fe<"lCTBM 

th ch aatfi.pHta neocnopHMoio npaBO Ha crapuraHCM 



'1 Unit 'il'ii i:.i l..il;i-.|'- 
ii['ii;!ii:iniH'. 
"I n- un; 



llUli'|ii'i'Hn. 

crepficiirb H!i ^iij^iii^i Kn| mi 

rk-w h« PjetOH — sasoeB&raim 

i-.miici-Li. 11:1 WIpHBTll pe IOBS, 



■ 

II'T'IIO, t'» OV 



-61 - 

Ha n'bpeeHCTBO n Ha TOBa CBoe npaoo in Tp-fe6Ba aa Ha- 
nnpa i> ;t,a ra Hcita nocroinnio h SeaycJioaHo". *) 

T\ 1. 1. PyccHfl r.ieaa ome c/b O'ly/njaHiie Ha npexeH- 
nHBi-B ii a EepoueficKHH Koaiieprt, a Cb B,i3Aiyin,eHHe me 
norvie r T,He,ai;o tob ce hbh cb (pjiora np'fefli) llapurpaji'h. 
Ob ome no-roji'bsia eHeprtiH bl npyra ejma CTaTmi 

HaCTOflBa CeailMOUHH ,Ul[].](>MiiTI. Ma ilrK.nin'IHTlMHOTO npa- 

un h;i PyccHH fla ypewaa th caMa TypcKHT'B paGoxii. 
Cji-fefl'h KaTO aaflBHBa, "n? Pycciin ce 0Tita3Ba &a McnpaiH 
jjejieraTa :n. KOMncemmi mm oxoMaHCKHH Rbjirb h hc th 
pasyeJiOBHO orxiiip.ni CBHKBaHHeTO Ha eana Kompepeii- 

HHil 311 p'UlUt'Hlll.'TO Ha HcTOHLIHH B'l.llpCIC'L, aBTOpisTli 

ii|>i..ii.iiK;iBii: 

.HcTO'lHHflri. B'liDpOC'Ti H TJiaBHU pt/CCHW ffMlpffl*. 

iJMilinci.i}. an ,:[;i|>i;tn<:'.'inrk, kohto e eflHHi. on. ejie- 

WeHTHT'B Ha lit TO'IIIIIII Bl.llpOC'b, HMa .CJ.1HO C'bffbpHJeHT. 

x.i|i:urn'|,i, k« mtcmi a.Y.mpit.mmt, ptjfCKH dinpon; mod 
m: <e oihhiix.'a Hithv.KTi 'In t.'ti}>uiii:t'wi!»Mii> thp.mamt. Ca»o 
jBt .i.i|i".KaBH ce it lire pec yBUTij ott> iiero: Pycc.HH h 

TypuHH*. ') 

^auce ua npbunojjaraeMaTa pyccna CbVKsmms, 3>paH- 
Uim. pyccKQTa ;i.i[iiJioMnim>i hc iipnanana paBiimipaBHe 
no Hctoihhi"e pafioTH. Ha ejuia cTaTKH ua npo<p. no 

HCTOpHflTa li'L II;l|ill,Krl,;iTii Cup6uMH;"(. EpHeCTb JIaBHCC'b, 

naiK-'ju'iiiHU B'b cuiicaHiieTo Revue de Paris — Koero, 
I HeKa MnjM'ii.v. nsiTbOMi., lie frbmc nponyeHATO Bb Pyc- 
I ghh — Cifimnfl KanqejiapcKH ■jhhobhhkt. OTroBapn: „Ako 

') Puccin a L" e p o q a h a E o c tp o p ±. (H. BpeMH '/], 
n&pyapHfl (1R07 I',] Teaman h neyjvE.nain> eamfb, Ha koIIto ce uh- 

iu.y.t-i, i k.in cTaTnu, e ome e«Hu t'BiiA'ETejnTBti )ia tbxhoto Kanue- 

JHLpCKO Dl>01Ii:X<»lt.'[f:ttlK>. 

') PyceHCKHn b. SaKoHHOCTt {6p. 10) 3aflBaBt!rue, He Ta- 

OTT. HCIHTO Hllfl IlpHBfJlOXKe taMO eflBHT> OTKSaireKT., K 

a on, r. He-raflOBl., TorsRauiHan pyecKB noc*8BB»tt b'i. 

H3fl6n|0 pVCCulJUI.'lllTB Eft H3eXS\ 33 I'OJTtMT. KailHTiUt'b. 
T'Efi ejUfflCTBBHHHH MIJVKO 6[] pyjliiHCKU pyCCUtblMT., KHO'.tL 

la, w. tuiTRjia ii'l..ia bt, CBOHTa pli'ib b'i, pyM*HCHaTa Kalcapa 
. I.ci -i--i i.| in 1'i ^ 1 .s'ni. (th i' iip-fcu<vi (-Mi! U'tuia Ha L'i'uirapi'Kii: II"- 
ua ia h r ii .i a r .-i ua P j r r ii n. Mp'kneJiTj /t. B. Ma.K'WJB- 
g&BH 1897 i'., i'ji. ltd. 37. 



— 82 — 
•SV.-iH^ii-? i^vivH.inpa bt> IIcToqHiifl Binpoc* aa 

S.Vi:> H Hi' OH MOP Rib -U\ CTfiHe HUKOhl IKY 

.-.>■.. 70S.: v -\'iU' ,«:\ Fi-fcKiiro. koAto e npose.Tfc 
: .£.. ,:;oi; ; ;..; ».*:■:■ p\\vK;\T:-. n«:ropi:s. . .*""-*. 

-.*■.■:■ .-.iV-lSH lV-pt/pi-.St /.r: : .i! XHrHi>5 Or Bi-HvU 
i. .:. l^-l:-'. i :-:p. ^; :^V: r V: - :;i: HHrlUHi'Tt " 

1 •* 

»- - " ..: :.i. "A. : vi .."v... » :•..«■-. i? .»•. I»'..*:.*v...; 1 . 

.'. .. I": .... : :" - >« .v'.'K. >. "-. : .?>."v ii lZz*Z'd^. 11 

V - - . - --\ , . \ ^ ■ . ■ * ••* - .; -- - "iiil'viT"- -='.*r :- "i 

- . » - » . ...... t .■■ — ..%«•«.. £ . Z . «_1* . - m.^ . ... a m 

■■•■»*" t~ ■ ' ". -« " -i - -• "% "» "V*" "** ". I ^' "" 

i- - . 

- " ." • . * ' * * > - ' • ~ ' ~ w ~ :r £• "*i 

■* i ■ ■/ ^ •». . - . ~ .. r '-. _". "52. "r . 






\? 



•4 ■ 1. 



Muva^aa w 




FjraBa MeTBi^pTa 



PyccMHTt npk/iJiomeHHH 3a pa3,a,fc- 
aa-ra ua Typi^tm. 

Ii.i:.i. I'yr'r-Ftjr ce aoaayaa on. KKrpbiilHOi 

aplK.-ibll II OTT, rfeXHHT-fc BSailMHH OTHOWeBHH, 33 

nil i::i i-i!'*rl. ii.-Lin — lljioeKTHrt r.ii. a-hjienia ti;i Typ- 

■ i;j \',:\ Tlixiiiir.-i irwTi.j.iyK.1. — Upoeirra ho 

■.'■ HM'ii't'it II- I ] | • i.i I . i>t.-*- e ■ li h.-i j j Tia iWroii'iima irpn 

I ■■[ irouoptrrli uo rs.uiiin ui.npixT. MeiKjty Harojeom. I 

■ 1 [11, T[I.'1311T-E, H Epi|'iypTl>. — ,\.1Mil'KlM|'l. I » All- 

pint. — UpoeKTa hii lianujiMi-TpiiH n ,i.-r',m in |. _ni] Hern hi, tiiH- 

— llHuo.rafl 1 hi Kap.Tt X. — ilpiy.Tivi.'i-Hiif or* 

1 iiHYpi, nit paarfcJiaTa Ha TypiWH. 

■ .uiui;: ii.j Aii'ipiiH ilii Oifyinipa B'JCHa n 

-|'ii..iiiiiiiiM. Mwmi ■ ivik'.|u i in ii. ii i in rpsufii Opjtoea 

L'Tpiixii <<■■ Aui'ipiiii. - MiiiTiiirr.-i pia LyMapoitOBB 
. ii. i Bh.iiapHn hi. paMBinnrt 
i -I..SH iTpoeKTH. — 3a iw] Kin en we. 



BlJlp-feKH I !..ir',i,K;i."ll i. HHT.'l rOBH3M'l. Mi.-Ht.iy Mnlia.i- 
n.liVKHBH B PyCCHH, nO< - Ji't/[FIHTa UP 

e oimmaia a;i ru ynirrp1;0H 'ii nocTiiraiibeTO 

. lliriiin.. OficTOflTeJic-TBaTa, ua koh- 

.ar.i.la PyCCHIi flil BM'bKlie h1>koh eBponeflcKH 
J ' l 'l»KUBIl BX CBOIITa iro.MfJMHaiUIH, Crfc 6llJIH Ill.pBO 3.14- 

WKtiTb i-.iiiMKHO i'ii".ii..jflri.. C'i. ,iua 

T^BHIITt.'.Iliri HHTO03KHH Ifjf.Ca OTT. I lo.lTila — ( /, OTT. 

■"^TO hiiiiax.Yl i.-i.mi. I'yi'cnn fkh'i i, iiuira mojkji bc- 

TO » uo-pniio, ;(a ii[iiini.(ia(! iri.m. c-pfie ru npyccHH n Ao 

UpaBil C-l.ytliiCTHHUH iff. HCHyBaHOTO 

paflTa. Ha cAuwn-J, rpafiHTejictui 1 1 1 1 - 

'" lll HLiii .I.I.I.-: tilt, KiiTO Kairbmi 

ll!: 'iiii in ce ■ i i;i.i:'.y*t.'n. <;t. new. ia pfta/ctiiHHM! h.t 

Ii . !;i 01 i. i l.ipiTliy W.IIW- 




; flHHacTHji: XaficfiyprBrfe, Xoxeiinojiepmn-fc 

1CKH flHHaCTH, MUOrO A-TbJKeX/Ei AU'IHO Hfi py' 

■ napbe, kohto ho aeaHtHTb rn caacusaxs ott. 

TOBHHieCKHfl T'H'EB'b Ha rEXHHT'B C06CTBeHHH HapOAH- 

CKHrfe napu- HMaxs, oponee, npaBO Aa oiaKBaTi 
rbxiia CTpaua vhuiko npmna-rejuiocTb. H uaB-eeTHl 

CTOiiTe;icTBOTO, Btpxy kouto cii' o6;i'braiiie HaP 
PyccHfl, 6'bxxy. iioctohhhht-b b3;ihmilii roHemm 
aanii.iHO eBpoiieflcKHT'fe flT.p»caBH. Bafl-Haopt^T. 6c 
MeHtay °>paHinjfl » ABcrpufl, 3;i rip-BoCjiaaaHHero bi C 
hh Eapoaa, docji'E vt. H3HHKB;iHiteio iia llpyccHfl,6c 
MOKAy Hetff. n Abctphh 3a np'BofijMAaHHe bt, rep 
ckhh cbbR3b, 6op6a, Memjiy 4>panmiH 11 Ahimuh 3a 
oOJiaAaHHe u'b MOperata 11 kojiohhh^'b. Bt> BCKfi 
rpynnpaiiue «a m3jikht'B h rci.TfeMHrl; rfeaa (pair 

BCH4KHT6 TB3H lyBCTBB H HHTepeCH — PyCCHH Ce 

a-Bniiie fla fltpatii BcnqKHrfc ffb cbohtb pjfcirfc h a 
Haxapa 6e3ponOTao aa CJiywiSiTTi Ha nefiHiirB HHTe 
Tors th 11 iioci'uraiiie, lit He HairwiHO. HeflHHTB n 
aoMteHHfl 3a pa3, r vBjiara na TypuHH nocplsmax* eee 
qecKO, geyMOJtHMO CLiipoTHBJieHue. npHiHHaxa? Upav 
xa 6"Eiue -nun,, ie bt, Typcnara HMiiepuH tiuatue 
tu^kh, kohto, eAHuiHii, CTpyaaue irfejiara umwpaii i 
to Toqita frhwe xi-iUmiimo.-. ,Ako tn> TypmiH i 
QBa UapHi'paAa, itasaaine siiaMemiTiiH aHTJinflcKH 
KOBOAem, BejinHi"ToH't - uofj-BAHi'eJia na HanoJieoHa 
Batep.ioo, st ennui. cboA pa3roBopb c."L HimojiaH I 
TOHHHflrb B'bnpocx. oTAaaHa ml; me Aa f>ih&e paap'tmeii 

OTAaBHa Typu,HH m-feme rt^ cuoaIwih c*a6aTi 
llo.]ii];i. itiio H-BMame UapiirpaA'b, koiIto Pvcchh 
tuB aaai'te cana. 

Hi. He«a MHKein. K'Mii, nocJtBAOBaTejraoTO hm 

HHe Ha (paKTHTTJ. 

Ha 10 CeaTeHBpHfi 1782 r. EnarepHHa II 
nacMenHO np"BAJio!Ktnne Ha Mocmpa II, CHHvrb h 
pea TepeaaH, ABCTpo-repKancKHfl HMnepaTopTj, 

pH3A'BJIbTiT]. TypUHfl. Ot'L M'.IJlAilBOfl, BJiaiUKO H ! 

patina mkio aa ce chCTaun HtiBa A'bpjKana, iioat. 

■j i.'ii.i.'ii.Kimciiii'i. Orp. 2t>3. 



echh. kohto aa ce ;ia;ie nojt/i. CKHiirpa Ha e^atft npa' 
'<'ji;im'in. n,ap&. HicirepHHa e csi-ferajia ah rypi-i Ha S& 
•iCKHn np-fecmn. IToTeMKHHa. /Ibkhh TpiifJeajio jia oc- 
Taae e/ui.i neaaBHcmia jopxcasa. BBaaaTHSuHftTS range' 

. eminqa LjapiirpaflTj, Tp-fe6ea aa 6sae axi 
h"H'-h;i. n, ycjiOBae, ie EnaTepnHa me Typn Ha Biiaaii- 
thSckhh np'bcTOJit cboh BHyKt Kohctbhthhi. IIsibjiobh«u>. 
Uca-feHi, roua thbh hob» nmiepHH Tp1;6Bajio jia 6sfle 
aaBHCHMa mi. PyccnH. C'h iihcmo on. 13 HoeMBpaa 
ffia-ra roamm Moi-'Hipi. II oTioBapa. ie toh ce ci.i'JiacflBa, 
no npHHUHii'b, in aa cefie ch ncita rpaa'bTt XothhTj 1 ] 
c<» neroBaTa majnia ofijiacTb, lacTb on. BiiauiKo no p*Ka 
Ajijrra, ofijiacTHTE okojio HnKonojn., Bhahhi., OpuioBa h 
"■fejii^pafli., a ott> Tyicb BCHHKaxa TeppiiTOpiiH, kohto 
"'"'faEa aa a'bciio orb eana npaBa jihhhh, cnycHATa ott. 
B-fejirpafl-b KT.M'b AjipnaTH'iecno Mope. OcbIih^ coBa Ho- 
chc|>-i, n noHCKajn. t»m« n BeeenHaHCitM-rfe ii.'ia;i/l;iinn. Ho 
fKJBO Tofl DptHJioiKHJiT,, aa fla ce o6e3meTn 1>panqnn, 
aa x-i ce flaae ErniiL-n.. -) 

/I-feficTBHTejHio, BOflHata npoTUBb TypLiui; fiftine 
not *HATa ffh 1770, ki. Hocnipb yiap-B, bi, <&panu.Hfl hb- 
^y^Ha peBOJUoqiiH, a bi. rifuiiua BT>3CTaHne h Ahtjhih 
OT t» apyra cTpaHa ce naMfccH bt> ihh^i tia Typn,HH h 
BO **Hai , a ce npnoioiH vn, Hhickhh aorosop-i, |17'J1). 

Bj, 1800 r. rpaiJyL PocTon i niHT> — pyccKHfl KaH- 
IW&^t,— H3pa6oxBa n i ip li;i..i:i i li 11a yao6|i'EimeTn Ha IlaB- 
- 1 ' 1 I, cjTB&y i.Tii un ii npoenT-fe aa paaADJiara 11a Typunn: 
''V<-<;uji me B3eMe PymejiHH '), E'bJirapns 11 MaiaaBa; Ab- 
'■'I'Ufl — Eocua, Ci.pfiHn ii B.'iauiito; 11a ^paiiuaa ce 
fta& Q E rane n, ;, n H flpyccHH — XaHfiBc-pcKOTu itypipmp- 
'"T^o n eniiCKoiiCTBaTa: rTaaepn6opnCKO h Mh.ihi;tcppko. 
Ha_t'i ceTHli orb ocTpoBHrfe Ha Apxnnejiara h Pt>phhh 



'] 1'imirbTL Xotmht. ce HaMapw Ma.iKO Ha rimep'r. ott. Moji- 
Wa, na p-BKara flH'Bcrp'i.. H. B. 

l ) HpOlp. MflpTl'Hr'l,. Clll'i|>;(nil? TpLlKTaT'lB'h, T. IT, CT(). 133-135. 

') flam PyneflHa cat ce paaOBpa^u lypcKHrt o6.iaeTH Ha wri. 




— 86 — 

me ce o6pa3yBa eAHa ejiencKa peny6jiHKa, uoat* noKj*^ 
BHTeJicTBOTO Ha qeTHperfe Al.pHtaBH. J ) 

ITpH 3HaMeHHToro CBHJKAaHHe Ha HanojieoHa I (?^ 
AjieKcaHApa I bt^ JTmh3i\Yh (1807)-6hjio pinneHO, **' 
PyccHH me B3eMe Beccapa6nfl, MojiAaBa, BjiamKO h Et>^ 
rapHH ao BajiKaiia; HanaJieoirb npncbeAHHflBa KhU'h bxsl ■ 
A'feiiHHTa ch: Aji6aHH>i, Tecajran, Mopen h KaHAHH h c^ 
c-brjiacflBa Aa AaAe Ha Abctphh: BocHa h C r bp6nH h Hafl- 
ceTH r fe na TvpuHrfe, co6cTBeHHo, ocTaBarb IJapnrpaA'b -a 
PyMejiHH, Majia-AaHH h Eranerb. Bt> 1808 r. HanojieoHi* 
nHCMeHHO noBTapn c^njurfe 3aHBJieHHH, ht> Ha 27 Cen- 
TeMBpHA, c^maTa roAHHa Ha cp'femaTa bt> Ep^yprb, AjieK- 
caHApa I HCKasajrL jKejiaHHe Aa B3eMe HapurpaAt. Ha- 
nojieoH'L no AyMHrfe Ha Tnepa, H3BHKajn>: „D,apHrpaAi> 
— HHKora! To 3Haqn Aa BJiaA'feeurb iihjiuR cirhTb. tt 2 ) 
IIo k'lcho orb CBeTa E.aena Hano;ieoH , i>3aHBflBajn>: i,Asi> 
MOHcaxx Aa paBA'fejiH cl Pyccn/j TypcKara HMnepHfl; paa- 
roBop r b sa TOBa e 6h;]t> iiomohcav hh HC-BeAirbHTb ;IJa- 
pHrpaA^ BciiKora e cuaejiBajib Typnnn. PyccHH Hcejiae- 
uie Aa ro cue i ie. f iH, irb a.rb (VJjx'b ixjii^mewh Aa ce ca- 
TviacflBaM'b na TOBa, saiuoro Toft, i»Am-n>, CTpyBa icfejiaTa 
HMnepwfl." 3 ) 

Ako h Mp];3i. CbWv3a c/b FTano;ieona I PyccHH h 
Aa He nojiyqn HapiirpaA'b, iri» ni nuMHiR. Aa B3eMa noji- 

CKHT'k UpOBMHIUIH, ICOUTO 6t»III0 ftliJia IIU CbiRSHHUHT'fe 

ch. T'bfl, ToraBa th iipiiciA'Aiitin K'bM'b eefie ch B'fejio- 
CTOKCKara o6.iacTb n Ti.pnoiio.jCKHfl oKpjYiri. orb TajiH- 
HH>i. 4 ) Ci&ujo cb rj.rviacnoTO na Ilana. r ieoHa Pyccwfl 
npucbCAUHH irbM'b cefie ch Bcccapaomi II ( &iiii:iaHAHfl. 5 ) 

Ilpfe'b BOflHaTa BT> 1809 J'. IipOTIIB'b TypuHH AjieK- 

') CKiuiLKOBcicjri rrp. 202. (Cojioni.<MJ'i.. MoctomiimiI Honpocb. 
CTp. 300). 

a ) C k a .i i. k u r c i;-i i\. 202: I .i o n ;i |» i.. 30 'M; npoi|). K o 
MapoBCKH. CTp. 23 — 24. 

3 j TjieHap-L, 37: Louis P» ] a n c T. IV, p. «)>\ 

4 ) M]apTeHci>. McvKAyii. Ilpur.u. T. I «rp. 1 1 1 .! - 120. 

5 ) TaTHWOB'L. H:n. llpom.iaru n up. i-tj». I 1 .) 20. 



'Miuin. I [i|.l. i main 11:1 Axrrpaii ,ia aaeMe Bocaa, C-hp- 
fiaH u Kpa9aa.*J 

BT, 1828 r. Kano,iHCTpHH optflCTaSHJiT) bt. ti 

win Komi M.i']., cBHitam. cjtt. IIiikhjihh I, num. u-unin. fia 
J'">. ii!Tii'ii'i'(,;iT, i \po;i.d;i Hi i. H;i.^i;riMi'initi iio.nyonpoBTi. Cno- 

ro3M njiiiiTh, n;iM'i;i"rn OroMaHcitaTa nMnepan, ce 
ocHOBasaTL cjTBaybfc"un"I; hobh at.pyKaBn: ,'laitiin — cbera- 
Beaa H3'i> Bjiaiiiito a MojiaaBa; Ci..p6nn, koht" tue o6x- 

0CB"bH'b HCTHHCKa C'tpfiwi, ouie E'L.nr;i|iHfi i\ Boc- 

BB; MiU.v.lnUlM B'l> P'hCTftBa, Ha IfOHTO IHO BJrh3iRTT> OC- 

frktii. coficTBeaHa MaiteaOHHH, oiae a TpanwH 11 mioro 

ipoBiirfe Ha apmne.iara; ICtinp-i. - o6ji;i i."rc>Ta C'b 

|"b;i mmi* h A.iniunni h hhiI ceTH'B Pi.pmiH. TiiSM aT-p- 

me cw'TaBim. noMeHcay ch ipp/vepamif, rrajiima- 
ra aa bobto me Sajp HapHrpaa^ cii i\'inn MiUKa 
iiBijuu cyiiia- ') 

Mm' .rS; ..uifi-ra to'ih;i iip-Bj[naBHKajia BtapaweHHe on. 
rrpana Ha Mono ae Bopro a /lauiKOBa, naiiririo ll,npn- 
rp:ii|-i, bi. i ivik;ui pjRii'G He npijflCTaBJiHBajri. Aoo'an.iHa 
rapamuifi 3a ficaoiiac'Hoc.TbTa iia Pyccufi-). A cuopejrb 
Ta-mmeBa, kbkto Be^e noiiieiiaxue. Hecejipoflt- fin jit. rjitiB- 

, (iirnina ;i;i i-e npyeTH Hnni'lipOHiieTO na HfiitOJiafl 
EH BaeMe roraBa Uaparpan-t. 3 ). 

Hi. cinmeTo Bpiinie ce Bo;ii>xA np'bi'OBopH (-1, 
'{'P'-miikiito npasni't'-'iuTLo na Kapjia X aa ce anfte aa 
'i'l'iiiiuiH bch'ikhh .tkb'i, Ci]ilaH, Ha IVfln'i., a Pyccnn j 
Bsewe U,apnrpajn-. 4 ). lO-n-KiiTM pfBojiKiunfi pa3B;iJin rfcia 

HpOCHltH. 

Hx QpoertTHT'li aa pa3al5.iaTa na TypmiH 6-fexJK 
oco6ho h3o6hjhih hi. HsiflBcqepaeTO 11a KptMcsaTa bohi 
roraBa Hhkiuwi'i 1 rv irauBpmime m. riitf-tieno no.no- 
*enae-H bi. Heniarrinni; liapoan ei, TypUHfl, kohto ny 



>) CMaflbKOBCK M CTp. 262; It 

') CKa^hKOEcifin ct[i. £112, 

: ] HapTenct- CuftpaHle h up, T. 

') BlI'blUBHJi imJiimiKu Mm. Hut;. 

9 Blanc. T. II. n. 7. 




xtexK uaro iioaera, tob TtptHBiiie fla ca 



Ha 2/14 Oc'BpyapHfl 1854 -roil iipaBH cJlJfly»me' 
ycTHO ripb^JiojiteHHe na anrjiHflcKHfl nocjiaHUKi. ri. II 
Tepc6yprc., Ctf.pT, XaMHJiTOHa CeftMypi*: 

„A3T> np^Macawb fla ce o6pasyBa m\= AyHaBCKH' 
KBfliKeCTBa, BK-HOHnTejiHO C-haKjiii! n BtJirapBfl, tv) 
HesaBBCBua a'tpataaa nofli. npo'reK/ropaTa Ha Pycra 
aai. aaflBUFaiux, ie Pyccn« He xpara qecTojiio6BBH HSU 
peHHn aa sawia/vEBaHbe Ha Typi'KJiTi; oGjkicth. Ahm 
MOate aa BseMe 3a ce6e en Ernnerb n KpiiTb, in. a 
lie jior,Yi aa_ h jionycaai Aa aaa'tpHtu 3a ce6e ch ll.;tp 
rpaai. h a3t KaswaiTb TOBa otkpobchho. Ottj apyr 
?.TpaHa a3t rapaarHpairb, ve HHKora lie me isestff. Il,ap 
rpafli., aKo iipliAJiniaHOTO on. MeHe cnopasysi-EHMe 6a 
CKjnoneHO Meway Ahcjihh it PyccHH. Ako jih m>KT. Ty 
n.HH HeonaKBaHO naflHe ao CKJiioiBaHbeTO na Ta.tn i;n 
'icmiLiii, to ott. caido ce6e ch ce paa6npa, He aai i 
Mor*. aa oG-femaH. aa He nanpaBi* roiia" '). 

OniiTHiifin. uopcKH b'i.jhcb, Ahtvhih, He naai 

BT> UpilHKaTil, KOHTO Tl.fi JIK)6e3HO 11 flpOUTHpaTJIO Unit 

Jia3 I. Caiho T'tfl He ee yBJi'tie a Abctphb. Ho paw 
om.e B'b 1853 r. PyccKH np-ftaJioHCH qp'fe-TL cboh nocjia 
hhkt. B'h BneHa, GapoHa MeFK.'iianpijm, h;i anrrpuRCKOTC 
npaBHTejcTBO aa onyniipa Ctpfian, Eocna ii Xepn.er» 
BHHa'.> ToBa ocjiaoBaiue Typuns, a Ha camaTa 1'yce 

pa3Bl.ps Ba Hie pAH.'BT'B. 

Ttfi KaTO.-'HHKOj'iafi I canti. MajiKO e BTipHiurh, 
Ahivwh me ce ctrjiaca Ha HeroBHrli np-feaJioHteHaa, a 
TOha bt> c*meTo Bp-fewe tob e Btialwrb iip'kroBopH ct> A 
CTpHa. Ob raan HKjib^ BCitpaTHjib bt> Bueiia renepa 
aaioiaina, rprcjrb Opjiosa. Ton cTnrHi¥.jrb Tain* 
16/29 Hnyapafi a senepbTa time npfeacTaBHJn. cjitnya 
ihhh npoeKTb: 



") /l[.yra man, <<t 
no paHD BBT.: Daily ( In 
Policy of Russia.) 

*| Tu3ll (jiaKTt'u CXI ""'111' 'I PI. E 

nerpom. T. II, CTp. 25. 



1 1 AacTpBfl if Mpyiriiii uO-bwaaan. cxpon. Hefrr- 
inTi.. Koflro ffe me nfiJunTHBarb aante ei> opaline; 
PyccMfi ce aaa-TbiKaBa-aa itoMorne iia cbohtIj ct.w.3- 
iriH.ano pi HanaaRe h-bkoh 11 3) Pyccmi ofrhiiiiiBa. B* 
■yi-ni. le ce H3Ml>HMiTT> rpaiinunrii h« Ty|:mnn, ua ■ i r ■ 
■ :pn j : i a bhkokBh repHTop[i;i.iiin nsuiiiiL'HHfi 6e3i, up-BAaa- 

IliC-lllHTii i'MO|i;i:iyM!lH[[e Ct CtlWaHHUHTt en: AacTpini 

IlliVrcnil 1 '). 

Hi. oHa3H roanea r. TaTHnieBT> 3aflBH, IP. Abctphh 
» k noaoaiipa.na aaifce, waKBO macTiie e npuroTBH.Ti. 3a 
im n;ipi. Hhkojirb. I. Il'i. pyccnara atpHtasaa apxHBa 
lyhMirl-iHiiii aoitaaaTejicTBa aa anopHT-fe HaM'BpeiiHfl 
";i Hanojiaji. Ha rpaipa OpjioBa e Ghjio saps^ano aa 
"i.odmii jiHqiio Ha HsinepaTopa 'I'paHU'L. HocucjrL, i ie 
Uo i'm'i n-i.pBH c-b PyccHH, iKjo.'i'l-.anHTLi my ,viBa nci.iosH- 
tea Typcna HMnepHH, a Lxaparpaa't m-fejiii aa ce oGhbh 
'""'Vk'in. rpaai. ct pyccKH rapHH30HT> ua Boc<popa n 

H«-l'l>Hflfltil IK1 ^npailHPJIHTB*). 

Il'i. rpnuYi. Byo.'ii,, TOi-aBatttHHA aBCTpHftCKH np'bffu 
JtBBCTpi,, no aouycHAJiTi aawe rp. OpjioBa ao hmho- 
pjopa. Abctphh bi> cmuipvCTb pa36npame, ie b-i, i,ina 
ffftJiOii ua TypuMH, PyccHH ksto iio ■ ■ i x in m-feuie aa 
in aiBCKaTa nac.Tb (h Hapurpajvb). Kaicro uanpaBti b - l 
JbiP>Ka iia Ilojiiua. Hi. nafl raaBHOTo, ie aito aweci. 
"jtchh npn6 r brBa ao noMouih'i'a Ha ABCTpufl, to e aa 
iBwcHJiM ocTaHSijiaTa Kapona, hi. yxp-fe, naTo nocrarHe 
PJiTa en, th me ce nfn.pHe iipoTnei. cawaTa Abctphh 
wmito, xorsBa H30jinpana, me 6«iaf; ruToaa wbpTaa Ha 
HfeHfl. Ouie nose'ie, ie nocji'BAHHTa BCBKora me MOHte 
w in,:i6y,in cjiaBJinerJ; bt, Abctphh h aa en i"b3aaae 
DHi np-BJioPb 3a HMMlica bt, B^Tp-biiiniirfc aBCTpwft- 
™m pniloTn. flapcmerB, kohto Hoe-feme Pycemr, npiuwiax* 

BCKHT'B. 

Aur"i'|iHH HMa aneTHTt — KoeTO noHaaaa OKymipa- 
bhpto ua Cocua n Xfpueroanmi — hi. th c ii[ni;i.np'int(Li 
" EHBMaTejina klmt. uponcxoataeHHeTO ua xpawaTa. 

') TeHep. A. II. OeTpOBT,. T. II, cTp. 2 — 3. 
B-bcTHHich. tfeBpmn, 1897. 




— 90 — 

B'h HaABeuepneTO na PyccKo-TypcicaTa eoflHa Pyc- 
CMfl upaBH hobh iipfe.n-iOMceHHfl Ha Abctphh. Bt> HHyapE* 
1S76 r. npucTiira bt> BueHa MHCcuflTa Ha CyiiopoKOBa. 

Ilo HeHR II M306lHO HHfl llje rOBOpHJTfe nO HaTaTLITb 1 )* 

He e Tpy^Ho Aa ce np^ABHAH, KaKBO mtme /* a 
cTaiie, ano ce oc^mecTB'feiue H-feKofl orb pyccKHTfe npoeK - 
th-). l lacTHO, naiueTo oTeqecTBO, no npoeirra Ha EKfit-" 
Tepnua. BJinsa wu Heo-Bn3aHTHftCKaTa HnnepH&. a T03** 
Ha FocTonqiiHa 1111 npnci»eAHHHBa qncTO h npocTO-m>«**' 
Pyccnn. Ho Thjibhtckhh AoroBop-b MeiKAy AjiencaHApa ^ 
HnnojieoHa EtJirapHfl ao BajiKaHa BJinaanie noAt PyccHfff* 
a na ion> ott> Ba.iKaHa ocTaBauie noAt TypuHH; no njiaH&- 
na r\anoAHCTpiiH E-bJirapwfl BJiusanie bt> Ct>p6hh, a no tom* 
na HiiKOjian I, npliA-iaram* Ha Ahfjiha — noAi> &>p6Hf!0 
Pvm^hiih. Do upoerra, iip^A-iaraHTb Ha Abctphh, Bwira- 
pun noAnaAftine iioa'h Pvcchh. CjrfcAi* TOfta hhA cue* 
irhjtii roTOBn Aa o6oroTBopiiMi> U,apHrpaA'b, eduwui ts 
Heptt.if))i,.iHfttl HapnrpaA't', bt> koAto, KaTO bt> eflHa rpa- 
HiiTHa cKa.ia, <•»? pa:i6n;;ax;K. pyccKurfc Tajiaan, kobto 
hxUx/Yi Aa 3a:i r fiHRTi» <TpaHaTa hit. 



\ i>j| il J '!■!!> I!. T.T1. Ih» |h».i;IT;J IKl TlittH MIIi'ClIH CTaH£LX& pa3" 

i.[-;:iii,' i:i. 'rf;Mi a !;ii:i •"(■iiiiiiii^-i, Xui-ii iMitrhe Alu-emeine Zeitunf? 
■ I -". -J 7 Aupii.inil l sS 7 : ■ Tfc <v ii"jTi , .j.p.uix*. i.tt» MockobckJ** 

III'-: -\Iii«'Tl! '-O A.'ipiI.Hffl ]VS7.. Ilii![0--.Tk.lLKb CifUlIIIH <|)aKTT> <# 

iioin f.p.iM i.i- yiirayrKirrh Le.it-ramm. iC'irresfmndance d e 
1'E-i.. bt, i.. Oi-r-iBL, 26 llo*Mi?pi!fi lvi; r .'. 

- llnVMHTtMHi' f Il.lT'c.lk L'1» ri»pHMT'!; MOnilpi'iHOpiKIIMII <|>aKTlfr 
•lep.ii'HII IKVh pVi-.-ICU •ti|iHLUl- 1 -'Mll 11 H ■• V. ■ • k.Vl'l O.lV'l.ifl. HaETWlH^ 

.'imT- -i.-'t'.piiH ii-'-ti »«f r!!i:iii- ui -v ::;• .I'ler.Yi i b -m My :,Y-.::u!rfc pejOBe H3^ 
iii.i.M'.'M.-irar:i n"M-.' ph'ii- hi pyM.Yiiii -i;n;« py-r-iiji'i.ii. ic:m:*T> 0ryp;j33- 

,PI.{U'1-C1'Hii «■. M-» A!'.i-:i;iM Mll'ii.i |i,Y*T» ■■ Hp'lVl- ?:i i.i. l:i Ma PyCCBH £0 

i:ii p:i»jl;.iiAVi'i. Ua.iii.iMi'iin;! i.su.iyuiTpi'Bi.. iVo-usi !:•• taora e at" 
xin*pjii.ia T'M-;\ i:plu i.i;kvmiii'. . .". ll-unntKani m !."»•.- 1 -.-i Ha Pyc 

«*IIH. CTp. :^5J. IIp-hs'H.VM.Ti. 'I.; "iipHHUl j-h'l'. l,\. ;i ;■ |;'!i .[»^MBa Ha 
Ot-iraprwaTa iiHTtMorenumi -ia i-v 'leiv .:;i n.i.UKa'inr U. HaiicniHa- 
SBamiMHii ii naaina rivum mtf;nn icaio i « »{inn-.. m.m»mup:iti.. Kant 

pyCCOlpH.HITB IllIIIIj&Tb IKTOpMHia! 



. r na Ba neia 
BoHHHT'fe Ha PyccHfl ci Typiufl 

EnoxaTa Ha EwaxepMHa II. 

f.i in Iiratfl. — B.Y.rpl;iim<>Tn c'LCTOHnye 11a Typium: npH3' 

■ iOTO |,inl,;il!li;iFII1i- - I'SoflHTlT'ii H:i TypUWH Cb 3a.- 

■■Miiii;rl;. p,v.iii>F:o.ii , iiii uti. /I'.iri, VKyaiia, Mohtg- 

iii. Jim, I i hi'.' hilm . I'uri'Hiifl CaBoflcKH n ,%y. — IJ'fcpoiiTunTri 

MB 6e3h pyCI'KDTO [lOflBRBUHMl' ll'- 

mil iNiMiur: ir-bpaa cepnnstua bobm upH uapj, Teoflopa A iei< 
[leTpa BertiiKHfl npoTHBX TypUBH, imsn- 
ii. ,"i, nni -rjiiiiiiLiirli irp< i i-iijri, TvpwtH, — 

;i EKarepiinH II. — XapaHTepa ii. — HKOHOHtwe- 

HTBHHilC Hll PycCHH. — EKBTepHHa I] HSaaBS ,|pUITi.n|nli 

□ptlTHlil. [jycfKIJTfc i'1-.IHIII'. ■ - KlTrlTl'liUHIIUIIil piir.Ji 

fpTQ HB PyCCEH. - l!l.::i-l:illlli'l'i ! lil ci-.UIHi'l I. I II \ I ;, ' II-,: 

'!-. i- itii. L Jo.i iFdiuiii i-ri \\:i Emit i? | > mi a ri, KpHMi,. — 

mi !■ iiiit['Mi ii mi i. i; raTapeTt. — EiiaTcpuiia opaBH Kpiim. 

■ yjieCHR - -;j I- 1 n[:.i 1 1 Mi'T . j M¥. -- ' ><flH U,HaJlHH JtOKy- 

11 ■|.ll|i'.i-:i. Il:[" ilfillii 11,1 EKttTepHHH ll| lll'IIIM, Typ- 

I .'in -: i- I taflHa] ij.ll.il l!Ji:ini llll|i|.. — I';'..'! 1111 lliuyiilHil llpll- 

■I ll,:l.[ii!.:Mli.'.]l'rnyU;l K pHi'TMitHl'TlS, .- I I'l'i i|>;IT:i BOHHa [III V.\;n 

.™.....„ n|ioTiTJti, TypilllH hi. i' i. ].¥,.:i. n. AnrTpsfl. — 

CM'bprb'ia h« EiiaTepiraa II. 



a flHCCb, in. '.i''-,i,-.i.\ii;i).i-MHirrl; OTKOUieiiHH, HMa ' 

apryMeHT'b, ni-i-vi koAto 0TcT*nBaTb bch'ikh 

i'i-i TOfl '■ cmi.(iiii<i. l\'iaci.TTj iia ann.iowa.Ta anuji'i.uea 

na Tenia; a a in. c*inuncTb, BOJiflTa na 

i-inMiiUMirrn, nun hit!; iiihimkk ii i.-pnL-m.i bj,1ix.t, i.;i 

J.Vn, DpoCTH A'BTiniiKii iii'pa'iiiii, nun He ct 1 rmirpaxifi 

■M;n'!i en. i:i n;i mnp;rnn-i'ii. T'l.'i ten rr» blii|h> 

6 |J ,i fii;i:ir;i, tii hi' F,fin , i,,ii , i. mil 1 , rii,k.iU"imo 

, rn, iif'T'i'iiiiii ;i I'll niujiTi:i,;i, .:i.;i bdj.ii hcT[i'1j6h« 



— 92 - 

Tallin II J"L.irOTl»i*&HH BOftHU CL TvpaHfl. B'fepHO 
Tt.m BOAUH JOB^pUIUXA. TVpCKOTO MOr^meOTBO. Kh \l 

Thft. e wrniHa. r ie Kora-ro Pvochk aano^HA caoTej 

T I^!K.tTa rf! 6opr-.t HpOTHBTb TvpIIHff, [IOCXfe^HflTa 
HO^-feliie H'feK'J.IKO BtHKaniHH H BiR.Tp'feinHH paHu. n 

KuaTo HOTHTauir ae&Haxa M_Tt3ra. E~fexA Beqe Mai 
tp-t-Meaaia Ha xpanparfc cy.rraHH. kohto jhhho f 

BiV.K'inXA. OBOHTd :ro6'£jOHOi.'HH BOflCKH: GBL»pOKpaTR.3 

:r r.-^fejHA-iHH %aBorb BHe.-oxj*. Meauy TypoKHTfe 

-lU.'OORbTH K'hSTL Hdi.'JaHiLieHnfl H i.TIOKOftCTBHe. I 
V^HBaXA BT, rfext nptlUfflHaTfe BOto:TBeHHH BHCTH 

'""AuieTO mo ace ja ce nase a 3a cumoto TypcKO 
.i£Hite. KoeTO, Tiift a-ia iiHaKt. Tp'tOBame ja ce np r 
h.i 3iirM.i«rjl5.iaeT'.» a 3aHaflTHTfe. 3aarrro c r b rpa6e?KH 
.v-.aT: '-KCpo a^TouiHBaxa a oe.rt roBa KAcarfe i 
:T 5 <n z.\ xr.aoTH;tH^Tr. He MOiKeLiiif ja i'e acHB'fee. 
":-r"' :f * .T-rTTar-eT'*- one '.'y-iTaHaTfe, koht: rrtpBOTO 
-I-- v-.c ''::■■■:,? . :■* -tv :*u:r£x^ aa aiv&.'TO.ia.G-fenie J 
T \^.r m . .;:.:-:-■ a .=:.-": :;utj*. rr«:H*rv:UHa ::i ^OTO.ioea 
: .1 j.z . v.= . ; ■ " . ' ; z t v ■. -■ ; . ■_■ r i =:ih '» : : am w . k:.i ro A.ih j 

A:.' v r r i ': "-ji^i ": :.*.. .:.U- v--3f:-. • .• '-i^x.,*. bjrt 



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,inx* Sfarapufi Ha ABci-paa. 5 ) Cirfeflii 13 manna n0j i* 
ckhh upajib flat. CofiecKH Haaacfl aa Typaarfe hobo ijo- 
teaieBBe. BeaHphTb Kapa MycTaipa aoncifa Aa ca ot- 
Xbwa na aBCTpnfiwiTB 3a Paafk'Koio iiopameime a ce 
mam tia 'iiiJio hm 200,000 ayum a 11, uejiHKO.i-£nae, 
> kocto nanoMiianie iioxoAH'i'li iia JJapaa a Kcepctia, hoat> 
'Tkmrrt; tia Bneaa. AucTpMH 6'huie iiaryGena, aao He 

j HB'BUJe OTHOBQ Xpa6pHH 4IOJICKH KpaJib, flat OoficCKM, 

KQflio OTfiJrtCHiR TypuHTi; a eano cji'BA'b Apyro mru na- 
nce rajTBua nopaHteana. 3 ) 11 bt* 6jiaroAapaoeTb Ha to- 
cjitA'i* cto roAHHH, aBCTpHAcitarli Xa6c6ypra, Tifi 
iKHKOAymau cnacean ci. Kp^BbTa aa hojihuhtIj, bjtbso- 
x* b'k uoaopHOTO a nepHO cnopaaymliHHe ct> Pyccan a 
npyccHH Aa paciioKiftcaTb Flojiuia. Ilofl'b Be3iipcTBOTo aa 
SSeAt— MycraBa KtoripjojiviflTa rypn.HT'fe othobo ce hbh- 
x.v. cp'&my Abctpbh, ab 6-exa HtecroKO HanaaaHH orb 
boBckkt'B aa KBH3B EBreHiia CaBoflcKH iipn CajieH Herein. 
(I'i'JI). TypunT'E aary6njin 28,000 ayiHH, MeatAy kohto 

« CDHHH Bt'31ipb. B'l. 1699, BCTBACTBHt' Ha Ta3a BOBHil 

Hmie cK. , ;io i ft'H"b aoroBop'b bi, KapjiOBeut Meatfly Typ- 
8HH, Abc rpaa, Ilojima, PyccaH a Benenaa, rxfcro Typ* 

tlHH [ipHIIOllhli) lia L'B[)OII<.'fiCKHTE A'l'P'KaBH lipaBOTO na 

"fiuia Hamhca B'b Typmifl- ') Bi 1717 HOBa Bofiaa iipo- 
,h "f. TypniiH, aaBbpmeaa cb iluatapoBauKHH MHpt (1718). 
Toea xpOHOJioiaiecKo acmcjienae Ha 'rypcita no- 
paaeHHa oTKpuBa cabu aaapxnqecKO batp'BUJho Cb- 
fTOBHae, eflHa CHJiaa TeHAeimaa KT.MT. pacKanBaaae. 
Bt& Aa in'i.aHo ;ta np'BAHBaMe aa HaiuHTB AyMH apyra 

j&flHQCTb, OCBiSHb Ta3B, KOHTO HMfl BirEKa XHIIOTeaa, HMH 

* cwliTaMe 3a chjihh aa Kaatein., ne 6e3'b no ii:ii;n i.m- 
BaTa HyjKaa 3a EBpoaa Aa ce aaitp'Gaa Typnna, uaio 
"pOTHBOffBCb Ha PyccHH, OTflaBHa TypUHH in/lsine Aa ce 
paajjoatH aa cicTaBHarfe ca qacTB. A ayatAaTa aa Eb- 
f'"n:t npoBSJi'Gae orb oScTOjrrejirrBOTo, ne Pyccaa ce hbh 
BeTeafleHTKa 3a TypcKOTO aacjrliACTBo. TTpo'iee, ano Pyc- 

■) Hid. 6«. 
J ) HM, 69. 

J p. 71 -73. 



— 94 — 

cnn He frfeine. MHoro e b^pohtho, qe hh&, frwrraperft, 

KilKTO » BrillKUTfe apyni 6a.lKaHCKH HapoAH, noAi> 

6.iaroTBOpHOTO B-iuHHHe Ha 3ana^ r L. jaace h noAi> $°P" 
Mara Ha ciho bpIsml-hho qyacjo nro, mfcxjie aa cMe MHo- 
ro no Haup-B^HAv.iii Brb HamioHa.iHO, nojHiTBwecKO, Kyjf- 
Tvpno h bc bKu ,ipyro e^Hu oTHomeHiie. ToBa ome iio- 

B^'IC MO/KO 4a <.f ICil/Kf , KaTO Hp'BCM'BTHe HOB'BK'b lieHMO- 

B'bpHiiT'is MaTHpna.iHii if apyni 3ary6n, ppnqiiHHBaHU on 
pynvKirrh buhckii cilux kceko OTTtr.iHHne Ha kohto — 
a iai;iiBa «. k uMa.io uko.io 10 — xpucTiiaHeTi; bt> Typ- 

UHfl «_* TJi-BOBa.lO OTHOBO ja HaXBaHATL Cli3AaBaHHeT0 

Ha cBoero ^Tepna.ino aiurociiToHHiie. 

Hx Hena MniieM'f. cera KbMb bo^hhtb Ha PvccHfl 

r;l, TyplUIH. 

i >m«.' npii napb Teo;iop'h A.ieKcfe£Biiqb pyccerb bo- 

JHFiT'b bOfiHO IipOTIIBb HopTaTa. M H"b Cb lUBaHlieTO Ha 
in -e-to.kj Ha hhfobhm rij.nib. Ha llerpa Be.lHKIlft, BOfi* 
hiitL. :i}»«jti[ri Tyj-niiH .*axBaiiurn. ;ui CTaBarb xpoHfl* 
•i.-iKii. J.o ll.-rpa B'.'.inKiiri PycLim o nMajia Ha HepHO 
M- |>:- ..-a:....- *■ :h ' TBi.piit. Ma.ii;a optruba uBima. kohto 
:i.:>:.- :::.- n:t- ik* .*aiianb urn \v nu*ro na piiKaTa Byrb, n 
iK! i:ruic: « b« i-iiiHaiiii 1 .n> JUifcnpb. Ha 16% rTerbpT>i 
i.:;.:, «i «;:.;vHi rai'Hu.U'Hi- bj. A.iobl. — Ha A30BCKO- 

P' :■.■*.■■■.. H-. lii-.p.lOBlillK.'.H Mil; i TOBa hctobo B.iaA"B- 

1 1 II- • ■ •. ik» ; t i; ! 1 '. ^ = b: ■ . ' » I i x : p b t y p ; : h a Ma.ioTO Ha pyc- 
ru p^-- ; ■!;•. ;:ii;^- 11a .?; ; ::;'.- i! n-T» -k i- no op'troBeii 

i->. V- 1 lit ■ :-[■ : ■, .11;; 17 [Or. U :-:'.\.\.B|-:tn..v . ' li^ipw HOBa buAhs 
<■; '■">':■'.:.,!■■. i!. ! i»- 1 .--;.:."; I lor :•;■:■ ■ .v;«iiy;-;i iHbCTpi.. cte 
.:;!-i.-5; : . .■■ •: .-b-'m v , .-i.^.i:i; , .:ii- lu.ii ..M'.ja. Mo.iaaBCKHi 

!"H;-oj, :■ 1 .yp ■:,■.!:■.; \i = ;...K;i . «: • i- - : via. h«. onaKBaHa Ma 
i:'.:]i . r.« !■■"-. ; ...-,■ i i ;i Hv :: ;iwi :.; : \\;;v .4 v::h iivfeuie ^j 
IK; B'- ::.■ ■■•■i;-. n.i. lho ,'■• v..;p^. ,.::u ho ^fcme 5K0HJ 

mv K : :.. r-.-j ,!.i:s f 'i '.st.' .V::^.:.. :■ ■.'.'.■. :;;i.m CTain* in 
oaiii.'. s-. •■.i; 1 ; :• 1 vi. . i.' : ■ k -K , .i \L'\.;Vv ; .-, > k -.i . ■.- '.'■.uyutehho 
irTII II A' ■ -L.j\ ■ -. ..:i 1 ■ :,'p..v . !,. ;.:■ . 11- oK.iiOHOIIIlJ 
iinpi., 11' : pi ;:.'ii-pii.^ .:.; l'\ p ■...*! \ ;. f nirhu^s 

>i r.UHi^ :: '.1 
■: Colia*. p. 7l\ 



iopn nor pan mm it i; KptuocTii h iviaBHo Ta3H aa 

ran,. 'I 

B'L 1736 r. npii n,apan,aTa Aatja MBaaoBHa auBa 

'!1II;i, i i. CI.FjT.3X C'b aBCTptl-repMiiHCKMH HMIiepaTOp'i. 

:ip.'i;i \'l. upoTHB-b Typima uoxt. HaHa.icTBOTo aa pye- 
<aa nojiKOBtijien'J' Muhiixt.. Pyccerft iio6I;ahx,v,, hi. r r l5x- 

IT'I: ■' h i.Y.HHIHUt, ABCTpnfin.HT*B, HSrvullXA , No ftOFO" 

.. 'K.iiM'i'iii, B'b E'EJirpaflt Ha I* i_-eii']'L-MB|)Hfl 1739 r., 
fepHfl otctadji iia MupTUTii E'BJirpaA'b, Opiiioea H 
WaTt, - rpiiAOBe, kohto Oliiue 3aB3e;in ct. KapJioaanKBfl 

' 'imipi,. I Id CiRmHfl flOI'OBOpb AuCTpHfl G'EIIK' aar.-ia 
||'hih H 'Uu'Th riT'l. IvlaillKO, KOHTO Cera C.e OCBOOOftH- 

x.s II ii'i.TL' HebR LiCTaBuiJjf caHO Ti'MciiiBapCKHH Ba- 
il. PyctJHfl noBT,pn* Hn TypmiJi 3aBoenaHHTt on. Mil - 
B ai-un, oiH'hH'i, l'^ud napie bt. VKpafiHa h paspyuiH 
duui.KaTa i^p'BriocTi', ~) 

Hull npHCTiirajiH Bh napynuHbeTO na EnnTi-piiua II. 
np'EAW ein.pTi.Ta i'a na 5 j^Hyapafi 1762 r. napw- 

ic;ir;<-l:i ocTaUflUJC: QplSCTOJia Ha CBiia IIJleHHHHHICL 

mafla-B-roTOpiicKHii [>o;i.'L Kapjiii-1 leT't.p'i.-ypjiHir... 

HHHHTL CeflH* Ha pyCCKIlfl np'liL'TllJU, ia:ijj.'I. I .Mt'Tn 

:. III. Hi. UKopo HeroBfira HteHa EKai'epnna, ejina 

mcisa KiiariiuH, etfiapfi iii^iKa en orb np'bcTO" 

i aaeua caua ua 9 iojihh 1762. JlymaTa Ha ct- 

mexo e Gmra aefiHiiff jiiooobhbkii, onie npii jkhbo- 

,l.a;:i ,i, KHII3L. rpiH'Opilii OpJIOBT,, KOHTO CJl'E^T, 

&ena ci. luiMomb'ra Ha no Ma.iitHn ea opart. 
) caMopAtiHo Ilerpa — ci.SopeHi.n napi>. TtBaa- 

T0B3 lUlpyuaHLU, KORTO 110B,T,HrH.^ PyCi/HJI mtl.'intl- 

M'"iyi!iim> aHa'a'Hnc, a Bff.Tp'BHiHO i*. orojiH, ci,6opH 

jwreprma II e fiiuia eaaa niiMipoaiaaKa, h TaaH 

. Henna ia jih'ihoctb npni!a r i;ieM[ii na nenxna- 

, a ne na HCTopnfl'1'a. il'i. HemaiTaero e rain., 

aaaajiHarlina Kiiaiepima ce naBi.pmim.Y, na cwbt- 

i n.p6a na HefinnTB aeiuat-Tnii noflannariH. Ma 

[HTB CBOII JHOOOHHiUIH OpJIOBUB, TTcncMiailUUi- 

, T II [i. 88. 



- 36 - 



ny .'i/ r t'tMw f c.n.iiHKOfiiw h jp. th ao^apHBame 6ea- 

»(/• MM M|i'i'--ffMH'-Tfr:;i pWKa :*;Hfl Cl> BCH^KHTfe CeJIHHe, 

/•'»"»'» />mm:I.m</t, m;i iwmi h kohto ao Torasa ce cirfe- 
f'-,T. v.* iwirnijtun. I [d irbMoft M/ftTL EKaTepHHa e noAa- 

)Mfi!< ui MM Mli;Of| f'KOM J]H)6oBllHK'L UO 10000 CeJIHHe 

i-|i I.ii*i# tmii Miimyini.'/ici. 1 ). H:)o6iuo EKaTepHHa H3pa6oTH 

I|mI< <l|i!H:'i|fiiMf|(M UllfOMH IlpOTMB'l* pyCCKHTfe CCHHHe H 

pi imi-iii mm |iyi-i-icuTii /uiopmic. Cx yKaat orb 7 Oktom- 
tt|ni i t i\\ ! r.. hiii-jiTo iiii ;<aiiMAHMfl Kpafi Ha EBpona 
nl- .1, 1 1 : i .iicuiii itfif iu»punrrli Ha po6ctboto, EKaTepHHa 
in npiutMMii mim no r.i.uio Kuuh rknoTo Ha H3ii;&qeHHfl 
p\««uM iiMiiiiuiii. r-i. HMipooiiHA YKasrh ce 3anoB'feABaine 
iiuMi* .in imuu uaitp-tamiH xopa n eejiHHe Aa ce CHHTart, 
u.ui* i in. i i ii Yi\M\M\ MaoTh oTh uo3eMe:iHaTa co6cTBeH- 
noi M. n u pn «M'i\ *.k lauamicro Ha Tiaii ce.uiHe, Kaicro 

iipn ovi\'lM;iRlHl«OlV \\;\ HO IBHHCnMHTt; HMOTJI, A& C« 

i.i^ix nit.-ria r.*i< u1;na w a;) ri>6flpa AairbKa BT. 
h. \.i .*!i.i ■../' V iV^m-rfc Tp^iuune Aa cbcraBJia- 

i« . ■>:»■.'. « iW!l l 'IKI'.WHV)* fcMOrh, KO&TO e noAJie- 
km , ** .;. \Y tVO!,\.;»KlV, KftKTO H HeABUEUHftTb 

".> »■ . ..\.*i ^v.-'i^mki: KKATepHHa npaarbne 

'* f !r, ■■■ ' ::. i-*"r .".'j-MivM. i'HMnnTHHTfc. Ha KOHTO 



• in V i 



w 



■ ■ • 1 1 1 > i ■' 



!■ 



t t t 



6oxan 



. "i-s:. mi nr« mK'TO npoascxostte- 
i' »v>f ti aofcjr hr optcnoa. 

■» »•■■■ Vi 'i WMROTh. 
: 1> « »* inp.lKR 02IHO UMeSKCT- 
F". - ui upORHHUHU. Tfl sesame 
■:-•■■■.■■ Hi. T;jRpHA&. Do 

vojHraJifl 

■-■Hi' •■• wfcfra ce 
N .-.-npnnnTR ■ Jioftna rt 

^tTfl^TO HI 

TTWHT HE I1&3JB, ft 
TRJIflAB 



»i lmri 



i TOBa e crpyaajio hi:'hI;|>oiitiui cvmmh, Kqbto C* 
laJiH omt; nn-ruji-liMH, KaTO ce BHae ie TOraea — 
i i! cera - ot* 10 jieBa 'J-Tf. sjibssto m. iiisofis im 
plvunmini;. II BCHiKHrfc rfesH ciennaTeJiBH pasRO&Hti 

fta ce <■■! n,iii;i.r c.i.iiiu. jii>huihbii u in,HKaiiicm 
icLin., aa ee HanpaBa npHHTHa KaprtmaTa hs U,apH- 

OOXOAHa 311 llHOHCl'CTBOTO UfllHIl ,'NOtJOBH iUH, 

fftOfiOBHHQB, cijiu ii v riMHHU,K. 3a BCH1KO TOBa 
i fl« ce cm.ia'ia II u<>i\il;,i.H>m pH3ii OH. Pl.j)- 
l pyOCBHH DOaaHHHHT., llapinniJIi' Jill Ce TnA pvi.TJlit'l.. 
, fi'iiMcu'i' hjih iio.uiK'i., xpHcrnaHtnn, hjih Moxa- 

.HHTl'l., lijlHoftoHti'lllIVI. II. [Ji ' -Lil I ' I H I h K-i . ' t . 

IffBTP K'bMT. TOB8 H nOCTQHHBBl*fa BofiHlT 113 

kohto norjn>maX3L mhjuiiiohh it Mn;uiwoim ti 
DWere aa en ctcraBiiTe iiph6jih3ht£'jiho iiuhh- 
KTp'BOIBOTO eKOBOMHieCKO i' l.i-'|o;iliai! HH Pyc- 
no;xi. nei*. I Iii BCTomennAT't. h cMasaui. |iyci-un 

, tJpHKOBaHt CI, ApaKOHOfiCKH aaiCOIIll K'IpM'L 3BMfl- 

xpati-fejrt Bh ;vi..iun'!niifi Ta h;i HapaHeaoTO cm 
■ Mor.T.moT'0 lyaCTBO iia it'L.3Mymeiine. I'lpii fffepeafi 

I. r,iV'l;ili rp03H»Ta HSpOflBB CTHXHfl ce e 1I3J1H- 

, cTpauiHH Bi.3t'.Taiina npiiTMB'h. uapnuara a ;ibo- 

, Kama fyfctiie npo'iyruTa 1 lyrawBinima ffb 1773. 

im.ti. Ha#l> nroJl'BHHfl a (pH3HieCKfi ncmmc-m. 

i ceflflBUHt e Hanaaajn. ywacHiiH Shit.— HyiiaTS, 

' icattTO, bi. 1771 r., oiiycToniH ii-ejiw ceaa, rpaao- 

I m;p,r.;-:ii. 

I'j;an-|.ii[].i n< ■. i.l :i i [■ ■ npbrniCKa <"i. e-feKOH ifipt'i-icKii 

Iimiijill, [](. TOBB M'lllllr (IIMII K3npH3U Bfl eflBH'b CHHfi 

. hjdi Haej.ua pa:trtaja.'na HteHa — KaiipH3T., kohto 

tip-Bflnojiaramo hi, new. lrfaKaitBH GjiaropojiHH h xy- 

qyBCTBa. I laonanH, EKin'epima 6-Eiiie yjiHMHa 

■o 6e3HtajiocTHo npljcTBRBame p'baitHrt 

: i.nra'ir.in it crporu naitaaBaiiie i-Bo6oj,naTa mh- 

. ffaca -it'jih lliiHiu;oin. n mhgto apyrH Heroes npnw- 



'I K.mmi paaiitpii e MeMa.it 

I I . HI. '.Il,lill:i ■' ll(i iirVrl'-Fi.-Hl 1-1, 

"I .'"I'- I '"' ll'Jiaaapi. 34). 



'""■:i-'.-i.I'.iiI!IiTii ll|.F-.-i;;ilM,(? Ha 






tsjii' 6-fcxff. sui,p.ieHH bi. rk'Tpo-riaBJioBCKaTa apbtmen,. 
EToerbTt PaAHmesi. frbuii- Disjoin, na cstpTh — aa 

CTHXOTBOpeHHfl — HT. HOCJITi [HOHUBallT. H HCNpaTl'H'b Ha 
3aT0HCHIH± BT. CHfiHpb 1 ). 

PyccHfl ni'ii EKaTepaaa npujiiiMaine iia ea.HR BejiH- 
KOJitnea rpofttmua. Ha BbHuauiHtiH GjiBrbin. orroBapii- 
me irb^uaTa bjrtp'Bhih;i MH3epHfl. Cii.i.'na na EKaTepHHa 
ee fli.]iH(t-ine na 6eanpaBHero, fJeacBJiaeTO n 6tj.HHOCT1.T8 
Ha pyccKHfl eapoflt. lib bi. itaiiao <.-e cbCToeme ycntas 
na EKaTepaea hi.hi. uri- I'viciih '.' Bt. Pycene EKaxepmn 
CEeme poorrBo, npoaaBOJii.. paanparh, bt,ht> ott, Pvcchh 
th in,puienje camera. 

EKatepBHa Atpweiue HHJKitHT-ii Ha qeTHpa iiHTpiirn: 

th HiiTpiu'yBauie newsy 31 ,ihiii1; /rbpneaBn, mnpury- 

same ome bt. Ilojiiua h UlBemia h nan-ceiTd; nnrpit- 
ryBame B'b KpHMi.. 

4'BflCTBIIHTa Ha HeBHHTTl IIuaiUHHHnH bi. CtOk- 
xo.r.ii. 11 BapmaBa jihh pa3r.'iiL-^axiie Bete bi. Bi-T.¥.njie- 
mieio Ha xa3u Kiuira. Cera ine pa3r.ieaaMt nefiuin'B 
aiificTBHfl B'h TypUHH. JliiifTBiii.'io HaH-nanp4i,it,'(. te aa- 
xuama bt. KpHMi.. Ko-'iito iioyiHTe.iiio e 'roaa! I. 
ie PyccHa tie mowco x-i ocB<)fioiKfl.aBa Hapoan ct> u.'tvib 
j[a rw 3aBoeeae noculi? Eto bh Ha — Kpnirb, koSto Pyc- 
ckh ocBf>6ofln ci. KpT>BbTa Ha co 6c t Bene ark t'H I'TjJlAart 
DTI rypcKoro «ro, na&<? «y t-Bo6oflHa KOHCTHTymiH, 
rn Dojrb CBOero coKpoBHTejicTBo, i;aTO 3aHBHBiiuie nai 
4e ro ocraBH ne3aBHCiiMT,, in. cawo me pskoboah I 
BaTa BbHKaiiiHa iiojimthkm. \'a± e cera HeaaBHCHi 
KpniiT. ? U! iiubaiKeTe hh ro, iHCTOc'bpat'iHH samaTi 
Ha PyccHjt! BaiipasABo me ro TtpcHBi rial 
THiecKara Kap'ra, 3amora Heronara reppHTopHfl otjii 
cbCTaB;iflaa Hepa3irE;inn Macrb ott. pyccKa'ra, Heraec 
Hepa3a1iJiuo ott. [lyccKOTO. H np'feirb ■ 



') L. Tikhumirov 271. Quit- meet n 

na e i.'iHHeHUfrra an Pft.aFim.eBit bi, Pyci-nn. [1:; .wttijct 

ErJipeHoni. Ohjio yaaniowoHO, (H^ropuiTHJ 1385 eKSexojiapa, Hi. IHt 

ui.'n.iiliiiiii iii.-iiih.lh.i-i ii. t'vr.-i Ki.Uiuv.m hb Hoboo C 

OR niiiii.'iura 100 eK3. raMu. kohtu na iijinjiauii nali inui.-n 2:. 

ini .■it'Hii), if. i. JliiTepiajiij ;i.iii xiiiiiiiiTi'pHi-Tiiiai rrojiimfenin I 

'IbiuycKi. I. JKenena I83S, trp, 20- 



^^ 



tn,B30 l>AHHT. HteCTOlfb II ni'Tp'l., HI. CTpatllHO nriy'IinT.H'lH 

ypoHi. Ha HcropHHTa me ce HaMjipwLrb naotne xopa, khh- 
to 3,a oTpaiaTfc, ie c.v.im in nojae &n aanpaBH PyccHfl 

H CTj flpyi'H U»mO T'l.fl OCBOGOAOHH OTI. lipl.HF-,T;i Mil 

iii'fiHirrl: e i,,i.i.;i'n- Hapi»fln! Hi. yen! c.H'i.Ti.ri, ce fllpa- 

BJ1HB3 IIL' OTI. pli.lCft.Cl.i.^i, ii nil. IIHTepeCHTB II Dp'bA" 
piLU'AMl.'I.HIITli. 

KpuMb, njin Majina Tanapaa, Gbuie ocTan.Ka Ha 
npoiyraTa H-BKorancb 4hhi'H3'l Xhhobb miriepHfl. I h-i 

I 174 i . toB 6hiin- iiuj.1. ii<j[(poB(-rn , JH'"i , noTfj uu TypqBB 
II ea«H'I. HO. : iyiH'3;iliiirihU'L XilH't 1 .) Mi. KpHHTj, KaK'I'O ii 
,i|>yrn crpaHM, khtci H'wirupas, Pytia\HHH — at, Eepn-.it, 
ApueHHn hi. Ma jia Aawfl Jit.'stt'iue mi pyccKHB cyx"b 
n.v.ii. Khlfh H^[Hii|i;i,xi, on, t'Ana crpjiHa a 3;'iTy;iHUie H 
qepHOMOpt'itin'B Op'lii'om? iii'l. Apyra. On. ryin. ii itfe.'ja- 
BHero tia PyecHH aa uti otboiih hcxojvl Ha Mope-ro b 

<-J,K]i;rni H.V. Ml K'bll'L. U;i|.>HI'li;t;l.'ls KflTO TypH p*.Ba 
Ha KpHMT.. 

Tofla p-Buietio nr;un.,ni. ■ pyccKaTa AHiiaoaannfl 
ii|t!M-r,Y,iiiia Ki.Mi. iicii'LjIiR'Hih-tu 11a njiana, KaTO A'lsfi- 

cTUWi.i 'Hi. r.i.nil UTpaHU Cl> BOfllia npOTHB'L TypuHa, G 

in -I. .i|i\m (,'i. HHTpni'H h'i, KpH.Mi,.' < 'aot'Bp kMt;HH(.i Eua- 
TepHHa UHUie Ha nocjiaHiiiiiia en Ihiiiiiiui: 

.,Hhh iiaw'!ipiiXHL> mi ;i.oG|il, a a ce onHTaue, He e 
.111 BT.3MO/KHO, moifj KpHM'i. ii luii'iKiri'l; rdiapcitli He- 
poAH fla ce noitojieCaHiT'i. bi. TexiuiTa irp'BAaHHOcTt 
k'l.mi. MopTaia. KiiTO iim'i, ce UHyiiJH, He Mor^.rb Aa en 

CbCTaBHTlj eAHO Mi'lillHIirilMi! MpUHIU L-J1CTBO. Tj'K/h Bit ce 

upii.uira up+.naca on. enuo iincMti, kobto bhS me npo- 
BOA"'fe ott. same line Ha KpiiMCHHH xairb. Alio iipHM- 

CKHT'fc BOAIITeJlH HC HI! iHTOBOpHT'L, B'b Tali'l.B'L C.'IV'iail, 

aa pH3C[ip'bcm*Tt! Mi'SKjiy raTiipf'T-b nphiiHen otl Hero: 

TO ace me npoHHBeae wescAy tbxi. cbiicto a'tfieTBiie'") 

Hi. 8auj,o Pyccnii w uplivnenuuiv. TaTaperfe unnpa- 

BO, a 'iji'l^i. 'I'liK-hBh ejioHHfHii [],v,tl: o6p r L.ma rn HaO 

aalip^Ab B'b HeaaBHCHMII. a llOI-jrli 4lli;i. Ill 3,'Uli«i;.ii;;i. 



'i i|.-.i"n 



, c„ 



To3H B'hlipOC'b, HMil CH itflCTOTO /ill CW 3a,[(ajl<? H 3S flpy- 
TH I l.Jiyi.-iiLinUil. KOHTO CRIUO TT.fi PyCCBfl B H;i IT| >;UiH.^;i 
BHC11MH. (JTI'OBOp bTb HH flSBa CflMHH pyCCKH JTbp- 
>KiHiOlfl. CT.B'fcT'fc. 

j'-Ip'fe.Ti, npHewaHHeTO TaxaperB iio^i. CBoe Henoc- 
plijlcTBeHno noji,a hctbo, Pyceiifi me ni.36y.au npoTHBi, ce- 
6e ch o6ma h ocHOBaiejiHa aasacTb h nojirop'Bmii', « 
■ cTpeMii na yBejmnaBa fieanoHeiHo cbohtb BJiaa-bm 
fijiaropa3yMHeTO naucKBa m ce nptanaSBiiMe ott> Bta- 
ftyiKflannf.'TO Ha qoaoChh HyBCTBa. . ."*). 

Ha ll;ui!i!i:i ce aaBan. HacraBfleBHfl no naTai-bir 
Ati a'feHcTBypa 3a ..HeaaBiiCHMOCTb", nesiy ce np'fcjyiari 
cnn,e „aa noncKa oti. TaTapeT"8 — 3a fla 
mohihocti, na rn aamHTHBatte orb TypnHrfe— fla nyciiffir 

mini I. rapHH30H'i. BT> ffBKOH OTb KptnOCTHTfe Cfl 1 

hh nawkTb e;[Ho npHcraiiame na KpimcKnii op-Bit, ot- 
rfl'BTO HamaTa ipJioTa a,a uoate aa nonp'biH na ejmo Typ- 
cko a3Jia3BHne Ha cyiuaTa". K'bMi. TOBa EKaTcpana or 
cboh crpasa np-feanncBa: „He no Majwo e Hyatwo sa huc 

[MaMe BT> HaiUH pAiL.'fe HpOXOfl'bT'b OTT> A30BCKOT( 

Mope B'h. HepHOTo, 3aT0Ba n to3 j[a ce acKa" 5 ). 

TaTapeT* He ce cbrviacHBajra jiecHO. Toraw no< 
atflBbOTO HCKaaae aa ctjB-bth m ce flonycaifiTh pycc 
rapiiHMHH B'i. TpB rarapcitH Kptnocrii o npncTaai 
cTpaHHo hh iiunoMHH aiiiuiorii'iHOTo HCKUHHe Ha pycci 
T'fe fliituiOMaTii fla ce 0TnycuaLin> na Pyccaa npttcTai 
nuria: Gypraci. a Rapwa. Toaa np'bflH ,noMitpeHuer, 
Cera „noMHpeHaeTo" CTaHiR npH khksh vcjiobhh 
b-bctho. 06ane, 3a HaCT> ejmu e HecuiH^HHo: Pycc 
kohto ciHTa. Hepno Mope sa cuoe u no o<pimno3HH n 
th Kapa na ro dhuistt. Pyccxoc .«ope, ne 6h ce citji 
CH.iia naceaocTpOH eflHa Jtaate npoci'a fitJirapcita h 
Ha JiORHa Bb HtpHO Mope, aKO He e nojiyinjiu no nai 
p"tfl,i. adpamt rapaiiHHH, >ie t« ne me nocJiy*a npOTHBi 
PyccHH, a, HaonaitH, 3a nebs. Bb caqihocti., doctk 
BitHHc-ro Ha Tbft Hape'iemni; PMHtpanmu otfiuifepti i 



i) Ibid. 116. 
') Ibid. 



frbJlTapcKaTa Bt>ficna e eauo AOKaaarejicrBo noutie, ax 
c«.maTa cMiicbJiL. 

PyccEfl up-EAnpHena eAHa BoeHHa AeuoHCTpan.nn 
BpOTHBT, I'l.X'I., ll3l'0Hli.'ia XilHM HM'L, Cejnort-repaH h Ty- 
pn.Ta iia m+iutoto My Taxafrb-PHpeH. PyccHa up'BA-'iowH- 
jia ua hi.to fla noAnHiiie aKTa Ha OTpaiaHiieTn aa Ta- 
Taperfc on xypcKOTO nonpoBHTejiCTBO a te ce Typwri- 

,,nOflT. CHJIHOTO nOKpOBHTe.lCTBO II UOpjftHHTeJlCTBO Ha 

pyccnaTa aBTOKpaTiia" 1 )- 

Ht> HaM'bpHJiM ce raTape, kohto aaaa.ia Ha pyc- 

CKHIl UpaTeBHMKT. CAHH'l. B-LBpOC't, KaKtBTO xySafio 

fin 6hjio aa ch aaflaAATb h &b^rapcKin"fe pycco- 
ipHJiit: „Ha jih HcitaTe Aa cine soahu! 3amp ToraBa hh 
aaBtpaBRTe Baiuero iioitpoBHTejicTBo h Bania-ra 3auniTH? 
LIJ,oM r b KaTO ewe neaaeuewmt, huh mojkl*mi h jr,a ue ctrjia- 
CflBaue m ja ce lie cbrjiacaBaMe ex BaimiTB np-EAJioHceHHfl". 

Hi> PyecHH He paaSHpajia no.iHoaubma ci. nero yxo. 
HvfumPLVh xhht. Taxafix-riipeft uoAiincajn., h PyccHH 
BseJia aura. Typuna ynoperByBaAa, BOfinara i:<-> npoxa- 
BaJia ii Hafl-cetWE bt> Kio4ioKi.-KaHHnpA»ca (1774) Typ- 
iiiih npuaii.'ijia „He3:iBii('iiMOCTbTa" Ha Kpurh 1 ). Taxape- 
rl i cbCopiuin pyf:c(jf|:iii;ii'Knn xam.. Iisfyiajiii ,0,eBJierh-rH- 
pen. PycciiH ce JiBflBa h najiara cboh KaHAHiU'fi. Ula- 
xiiMi. rapes a My waBa cboh clb'bthhuh ah co ynxmmtm. 

Ilpn Ta3n HBna pycena HBMlsea TSTopefii 3axBa- 

man 6op6a iipoTHB't hoi*. 06paayBan> ce napTHHTB 
pyccocpmih, pyccntpoGn 11 xypKO<pH;w. LUaxHM'b Fnpefi 
it arfexajit aa upoci-b pyccKH aieHTHHt n 3a Tosa 6e3x 
ru.i I'.mm rpyAHOCTH, ltorara Bi36yfleHaTa a xjiaHenara on. 
PyccnH anapSHH yap-Ma, EftaxepHHa paasliBH SHaiieTn 
Ha Miipa ii THinimaTa h bt, 1 783 r. 0Kynnpa onoina- 
TC'JIHO KpiiM-L. 

„Cano jnoGom,xa K-hMi. pe«a n ciiOKoficTBHeTo, r;ia- 
ch uaHinpecTa Ha napi-mani, npanyacAaBa pycceTB a:i 
3an3e«aTi. Kprncb. EcTecTBewiaxa HeMHpHocTt na Taxa- 
peT'fe, noASyjKAaHH OTt naB-BCTHa hbmt. A'bpwtaBa, noA- 

crp. 223. 



— 102 — 
KOIIll HHAHFIliYvTOTO QT'b HaC'b 3#aHMe 3a TBXHOTO 6jial"°' 

aeHcrnwe; rb ^;i()ynoTp'h6nx^ ci> noaapeHaTa hmi, cb*> 
6o;ia h uesnRMCHMocYb noA r b BJiaawqecTBOTO iia eAH**' 1 

HSfipaH'b OTb CaMHT'B T'BXT* KHfl3b. PaSHOCKHTE, IipH*! **" 

HeiiH orb Heo6xo;uiMOCTbTa Aa ctoh bhhir™ BT>op^3KeK^ 
3a Aa anumTHBa KpnMi> h nyacAaTa Aa rypn eAHH r b Kp^* 
iia rh«H nocTOHHHH CMyTOBe npHHyHCAaBaTi> Pyccnn A a 
:-n iipHCbc/iHHM KpwM'b, Kaxo eAHO Bi^HarpasKAeHne *^ a 
pa3HOCKHT+>, komto Tfl 6ii iipHHyAeHa Aa HanpaBH, 3a A a 
iio/n>p5Ka MHpa m TiimnHaTa" 1 ). 

Ffr> 1774 r. Bb KioHioKb KafiHapAHca HaeftHO cr*> 
,He3aBiicnM0CTBTa a na raraperB EnaTepHHa II h3bok>3^ 
upnBOTo (§§ 7 ii 16) Aa noKpoBHTejicTByBa xpacTHaH^ - 
rf, bi> TypuHH. ("jiliA'b A'bflCTBHHTa Ha EnaTepHHa 3**> 
[llBemiH, llojima h KpiiMi> hhiuo no jiecHO HljMa,oT' 
kojikoto Aa ce paafiepe, KaKBo e CM'BTaJia Aa nocTHr**^ 
rbxpHCTiiancKOTOCH noKpoBHTejiCTBO EKaTepHHa, A H^ 
rtoir, y kohto 6h oc/raii/RJio ome ci>MH , BHHe, Tp'bCsa PL& 
HanoMiiMM'i. npoeirra h 3a pa3Ai5JiaTa Ha TypuHH. IIp^-"~ 

BOTO Iia IIOKpOBMTe.lCTBO frhlUQ 3e HebYx, CJllkAOBaTejIt**-^ 

..\a.nin> iijrhA.'iori) 3a iiorniraiiHeTO iia Ta3M ni'fejib. 

Th HCKanie Aa Aoe/rume ivfejibTa ch Cb BOflHa'* - ** 
fn> 17S7 — 1701, B'i» ci>bYv3 r b (•/]> HocH(f>a II. CyBopo^^* 
iip'BB3e h oiiycToiiiH MojuaBa, RiaiiiKO h Beccapa6aH- * ' 
Fib aBCTpiiHumi; (ri;xiY* iioCIjachh npn Jlioronrb h ca^*-' r * > 
Hocn(j)b cKopo c.rhA'b Tima yup'B. Ha 19 CenTeMBp*^ -^ 
171)1 r. Abctj)h>i cic.iK) , iBn cb Typw-iH MHp-b B'bCBHmo 
c;i> ycJiOBue Aa co noiri.piie CTapnn peA r J> iia H'femai* 

AHIVIHfl <»(? HaM'IiCH Iip()THB r I> PyCC.ll>!. OCB'BH'b TOBa 

Ilojiiiia H3r>yxN/Yi. B'i»3r*/ranjio, in> Opaimnn peBOJiiouHfl *^~" ^ 
crura me pasrapa en, n EwaTepiiHa 6'bttto npHHyAeHa JS-^ 
CKJH0MH Ha 1792 HHyapnrt 9 Miipcin. Aomnop'b bt> fliii'*^""" 

PyCCHM B30MailI(» OKOH'iaTOJIHO KpiIM'b w OnaKOB'b 1-* * l 

l Q l H , BCTpi>. -) EicaTopima ywupa h«i 17 IToeMiipwH 1796 * 
fcpaflHa CK'bpfn, Mr no e Mor.ia Aa miKawe „cTorjiaB$ 
ra XHApa" — poBOJiiouiiHTa. 

1 ) Pyccix-JtTa r]);ioiiTa'ici»'a nojiiiTiiKii. (/rp. 58; ('ollas. p. 
H e e r e n. p. 2fio. x 

>) Collass. r. 85 

2 ) Heeren, T. Ill i>. 80-85 



Pjiaea inecTa 
BoiHHT'fe Ha PyccHa ci Typpa 



Enoxara Ha Hhko/ibh I. 



i Ilaiurft i h TparwiecKaia My cun-pri.. — A.ieitcaHjip^ 
■riHuirU otfloTBHH Ha 3anajit. — HproBnrfc aMctbhh Ha Ofe- 
'ifi 'I'lrri.TiUTaH/r. — HeroBirrfc irtficTBBH Ha IOn>: 
ni]}iiiiini' in Ha Hjianiiio n Mo/riioaa, Boflirara My ct. Typuna h 
BBBHHero Hii EeooapauHH. — Hhkojihh ] h HKOHOMWierKOTo paa5* 
He Ha PyccHH. — PeHliUnHTa ii]i» Hirmiraii I: fip-fci'.i'tyiBaHliero 
FiayKiirn h . , mr<?p,riA , paT;i. ! I,i^rn;p:rr:i npn HliKruail H HeflTIH- 
^tflCTBUH. — IHlIiO.iaR (IT, ilo;iUi;i. - Tflfi BCKB flfl II OTHeMe H 

Kai'a asroHOMHH, kohto a oritycH* A-ieccaHjipi. I. - B'baBanue- 
• Li ■ in'.ui.'iin-t; h"E.M'E. Ebooub. - repodCKHTa fiopoa iiii iio;i:ii|iiTl; 
TBHi HOflirfin-EHH nmto.ian [. - H;iMauaTa. — npECiVKHHOTo ct- 
CTiie Ha AecTj)iif], - HiiKn.mil <:t, norTotmnaTa ch Hatches bt,b- 
;;ia ERp.ur.i HpoTHBT. cefie en. — rpT.ii.noTO BtacTamie h Espo- 
BK&Ta HairBca n't uojisa Ha rbpmni. — BiiTKaTa npn HaBapnHb 
FldxoiiT.T'i. n;i /Iih'iU'ili ;>iii"i-i.ii.'iim'Kii - ILti.'ii.Tii in llmm/iun. - 
HiHfKnH UHp'b: Pvitii" mi-iymuii ^yiinBrhinii yrriti!. — Piucllfl 
9a pXKOBoame.ii.-a i;a ryprn«TU uo.'liiTin.-a. — (.'niiptrt aa „CBe- 
■t; nl;cr;L- nfi;K,iy PycrHfl h iI'paHHHH — y.TTHvaTyMa Ha Mfiii- 
wea. — PyecKHrt Boni'iiii oh-yinipari. , r [yna urmrrfe KHfiJicecTBa. — 
inula. — llnpavi/fiiiii' i ii ii;i Pyccim. — i ItcnwiBaHHeTO aa UapmK- 
n aoronop'ii h HeriiHnr'E □ocjrtneTBHJT aa PyecHn 11 xpn^THaBeill. 

QaBejii) t, HaiyrfeAHHtrvrLHa. EnaTepHHa II, eisam. 
rfe el KpaTKOTO en neTroflHiUHO napysaHbe (179G — 
31) aa uaeiie ynacTiie bi> BTopaTa eBponeficisa Koajw- 
h npoTHBT. 4»panm«i h p.& otwlcth Ha Mafiica ch,Ekh- 

JBHil 11. 3a HeflHUT'E CpaMHM HpHKJHOICHHJl, UT-' Jiwie- 

Ha hc-hhutk caywHTejui, kohto [Tiiuejrb roirbure en, 
i-bhh npocTb. 



— 104 — 

C r i>6opeii r L h suAymcirb orb eAHo cbsaKJiHTHe, flV~ 
mara na kocto Chujo co6crBeHnH My CHH r b, naue-jr^ 
ocTaBH nplscTOJia neaiy, kohto h ccaha noA'b HMeT^ 

AjieKcaHApt I. 

BiiHxMaHiieTO na hobhh uapL 6131116 nacoqeHO ua&~ 
rjiaBHO Ha Bana^L. IIo6bAHTejibHa HanojieoHa, toPl cr* 1 " 
h;r oaeaTa na nponyTHH CBemeHT* cbER^b, kohto 06— 
XBanja nafi-MpaqnHT r hcTpaHHUM Ha HOBaTa HCTopHH. Jin**"* 
ho 3a cefie ch AjieiccanAP'b n3BJi1> i !e He Majmo no;i3a~ 
Ton npHc.'bCAHHH in>Mi> BJiaA^HiiflTa ch B'feji'fecTOKCKaTa ** 
Tbpiioiio.icKaTa of>JiacTH, a c^mo h BapmaBCKOTO xep— ' 
UorcTBO. Flo to3h Ha'iiurb toh OTHeMame eAHa cji'fc/r*^ 
Apyra iiojickhtIj upobhhuhh, kohto EnaTepHHa 6-fenl^ 
oTCTAiiHJia na IIpyccHH ii Abctphh, hi> caMo „Ha3aejmf'9 
KaKTO ocrpoyMHO iipiiApHHame XeepeHiD. 

v/b TypuHH HMiuue oaho cxBamaHHe. Om.e bt> 1806 

AjieKCaHAp'b CTAtUIUl C'I» BOHCKHTii CH B'b BjiauiKO H Moji-" 

AaBa h CTOHBa uIuiH roAiiHH, ao 1812, noraTO ut^ 
Tan'b ro ii3BaAn IlaiiojioonoBOTo namecTBHe. *) ToBa H 
CbKpaTH pyccKara OKYiminm na PyMiRHHH, kohto HHair*> 
MOjKemc AJi ce upoA'i-'i/KMBa HecicoinaeMO n^.TH no 6 ro- 
AHhh. II koh mo/Kc ;i,a TB'bpAn noc.TB, He pyccerfe He 
o6HHarb Aa npteieAiari, Ga.iKancinrrh h AyHaBCKH Ai>p~ 
McaBM? AjieKcanAl>'i» I ottoivih BoiirKirrb ch, hi, 3aAT>pHce 
Beccapa6iifl, kohto ToraBa, cl BynypemcKHfl MHpx (28 
Man 1812), rraBame pyccKa npoBmiUHH. lib A.'ieKcaHApt* 
eAHOBpl.Meinio ce ()o\vhuio ome h ci, IIIbpiuih, orb kohto 
iiojiynu ( I>iiH.iaHAHH. B'b Tn:ni A'l^tra BofiHa npoTHBT^ Typ- 
UHH pyccerl; ctihti/YxX/Yv Bn.iKanirrh, in, TVK'b ce HaM*fe- 
CH AlITJIHH H T03H HiYiTb B'b no;ina na PyccHH, aamoTO 
6op6a'ra upoTHB-b <I>pannHH rn OB'bpua. l ) B'b BneHCKHfl 
KOHrpecb (1815 r.) A.icKraiiAp'b Aofmna ncwjiioHBaHbeTO 
Ha TypHHH H3i> AHiu'ioMaTHMecmrrh ("i.upamui Ha eBpo- 
ne^cKH'rfe A r i>p>KaBii, kohto ia\ u1;xa\ npmvni bi, CBOHTa 
cp'feAa B'b KapjioBnub'HM Aoroitop'i. ( 1 </.>!*). Bi> MiirbJibTa 
Ha AjieKcaHApa TOBa osiiaMaBame, *u- Typiuin c.Kopo rp1i6- 

*) Or. g. Tocilescu. *.Istoria romanilnr. K«l. IV. Hucuresci 
1891. )). 73. 

*) rji. Tauusoni <U* Sainte Ilolone n up. p. 20."). 



n;t ffia f>*fle HCKjnoieaa n nni, KapTara Ha Kapona. Mho- 
IOTo BOShh, KOHTO BCiflH AjlflfCillIAP'1' Ha 3;in:<;i.i., hbch- 
riixfli iieroaaTa it fie 3b tob;i HeHoimcTBeHiia HaTypa, hc- 
miunx.Y. tpHBH^ecKH EBpona, a oeofiHo Pyecmr, kojito 
TjyfiCBanie aa np^Kapa hIjko.iko hjjjihh bi. Miip'h, 38 na 
ei>6i;pe HOBii CMJiii. 

IJHKo.itafl 1 HacjitflH npliCTO^a Ha Cpaxa cit AJiea- 
BaBApa i Ha ISi35 r. PyecHH fi-feiiie np-BKapnJia ityHt- 
■ i :i*i- ; i nu'iKBKa, u chjthtb ii noaaojiHBLixis. othobo plmm- 

'"'-Itlll .rhlliTRHfl npOTHBT, Typmifl, CT. KHKBHTO e tTLJIHO 

HapygaHbeTO Ha Hnnojiaj?. 

M*ctoto Ha fiearjmcHai'a, H'h cnoitoftHa peaKmm npn 

■ ni.ipa 3ae myiiHaTa 11 fiyfiHa HmtoJiaescKa aiaflna, 

KOBxo iipiiB'hpitA ii'BJia Pyccufl bt. eflai-n. noJnmeSeitti 

i 1. 1., itaTo cfiuic-BphMeHHiJ ctCHiia oKouiaTejiHo 

PyCeKHH HapOflt. Up KIIKBU flO.IOiiU'Hlhl HHKOJiafi 1 flO- 

-■■'. i.-- PyccuH iioiite ab ce aih/Ku on. (pattTH, ie H"h 1855 
,ift[iinuiTii hh pycRKHB fiwAHtci't. Bi.;iJiH3arae Ha 
Ml, 285,000 pyfurn (iipuxcjin: 2(>*,1 19,000; paexoAH: 
52S.969.OOo pycjm).') 

Cbo6oAhoto cJiuBo Ha Hayuara Hni(o.iaii npfejfifl* 
aatue i -i. CBiip'fenocTbTa Ha t\nmrb tpaHaTiiKT. h cyeB*- 
'"'• «"-». iiHHaTOia. „A:n, ae m* xopa yMHii, a Kenans xo* 
11 nocJiyiHHH u , Ka3BaJii> rait. 2 ) Bt. 1839 r. bt> KiieBt 
' : 'i-.".i;jh npowanacn cji'feflyHi.mHT'B aJ'mh ao CTyaeHTiiTB 
-'•'ii'i ce yiaxe Aofip^, in. tobs He crHra. Haynaia ca- 
"a Be jNiBa aofipH peayjiTaTii; %:n> nwaM'i. nyatfla on 
E M*one B'bpHH Ha cjpanaTa, HMaMii HyHtfla on. e/iHa up'fe- 
!W*«HocTb fieai. rpanuiyi, on, ejnaa noKopaoCTb, korto lie 
pttCAHtAaBa, ot'l e;iHO iiocnyuiaHHe aficojnoTHo* '). 

Ha bcjihko Hano-uaft HaBJiiiie Boenua yiiHilxipMa, a 
,I;1 HeiiaypaTa oTi'tycHJH loajnTi'. no Tain., iuoto caMiia 

fn, t'jiHHita naHHHHiun., 4t>, cnope;n, ueHaypniiH ye- 
ti. 1826 r., h cawoTO .Ofie Haim." Monte Aa 6.Y.- 




'] fc. Plechanov, S. !). 

'( Tiki irov. |>, 319. 

"j liHrpii.n. A. H. IleTpoB'L T. 1 oTp. 5. 



I ITO 

;■>■ 
BH- 



- 10(1- 

ae ncn.jiKyB<iHo khto hho6!ihcko-). Ta3H n,eBaypa SUB- 
p^THJia HUBlicTnaTa iri. PyccHfl Oajuiaaa, iip-EBeaeHa on, 
HiyKOBCKH, .('Ma^bxojiMCKaTa nyjia", Ha Tyft ochobbBOS, 
ie Bb Hen (rrcATt'i'ByHa ,npaBCTBeiiHii a B-bo6nie ilDJieaHS 
Uisju." a ocb'Bht. TOBa, ")<? fiiiaa rbH&a n Hi y i:. i'l .j : : ■ -i < ji: i: i . 
C*maTa Ta3H qeireypa b'i» HeBiiauaTa 3a6'EJi'EJKKa, ie u% 
lleTepfiyprb e* ckjrhh naftTomrrfc, Bnacaajia „l;ih'bi>hho 
ynopHHauue Ha Ha'fnJKTBOTo" '). 

TTocji't noao6Hn aHTecea<?HTH ae •■■ ifflHO, raLro 
HiiKOJiafi cb npuKaaw e pasplsmaGaji'L ihcto nayuiu ki.w- 
pocn. Ci. noaoGao pacuopcMCAaHiie tn. 1841 r. Iliucojiafi 
aanoB'bjja.TT, aa ce npHBHae aa ..acTHsa' ci.B'bpmeH- 
hoto ToacaecTBO Meacay Tpnrfe pa3a1>JieHiiH na pfCCRQttj 
ajieMfi; Baaopycce frfeaopycce h Beannopyc-ce 1 ). 

A^eKcaHapi) I Gliiue 0Tnycn*jrb an iro.'imuirl:. 
iiau ajiKa aB/rouoMHH. HaKOJiafin nHcua aa hmt> kr orpaHH- 
«w. riojicKaxa anera nciipaTii HfeanepcKH aa mojib y na- 
ps trrcTsriKH, samoTO Hapoa'bT'b ce Bi,;iHyBa. Ha TOBa. 
Hhkojieih Haiincajii. caMop*HHo na a"KJiaaa: „A8T> etwL 
uapb Ha rioauia, a3i. me br x-bpayawv (La Polngne. jp la 
roulerai). n^pBiin thiitj Haii'MiHem on. ikmhiuitIs. me 
cuawe ITojiuia" 2 ). Hb lyjHaoTO iiio ue 61siue Baaymajio 

IB'b iiojicKKH Hapoa'b 'lyBCTBOTo aa cBofioaaTa n ik?muhh- 
rfKuocTbTS. B'b iioTafiiiiiiiirrt aa oiebpaaBeHHTB i-i.pi 
na nu.inu.HTh SjrRUTBnie HajiKHH Ji*<ib na Haaeamafa 
I'iih;i. KOfiTO MM1, .IHIICBame BT, CHJIi 
iinfiTi. aeaqepnaevb naTpnorHSMT., a-bJiCowaTa a fijiaro] 
aa npaBT.p3aHnncTb irbiat He3anFiciiMuccTbTa Ha ore' 
BOTO CH M rfeXHHH CWBaUMeHT. repOH3MTi. llojlilja, CMH! 
na, yfiHTa, Hau'EpH B'b cc6c ca crEJiocrbTa 11 m*; 
boto aa Btacrane nporecTHpa. Chhobctb h hl-k. 
:.'Bo6oaHH aa ataB'fchfrTt. u.'ia aa HSMpSTb. 



•) Ibid. 



1 Lo 



pjCCKOfl 



:i A reftasH || 



. T, 11 ).. 167. 



„Ai;n Upomu-khiiu'TO, KaSBfiXA T'fe Wh r.Boejo B'b3- 
Bauee H'bMi. Eflpoua, e ofipeKJio Taan 3eilfl Ha eSRO B r E4- 

llO poGCTBO H 3K0 £11; Ta3H nOCirfeflllH 60p6il CBOfiOjUlTa 

Ha flojiraa me TpMBa &a saraHe hoat. paaBajrawirJ; na 
m-fliiini: rpafloae u Tpync-BerB na cBcwrfe namHTHnna, 
Ha ill H fin. apart, me napyBa caiao Haffb nycniHH. . ."') 
Ilojinia cii'lijio Bi,ai-Tan,Ti, sDaauufO ce 6opn n cans- 
i'uh.tl. Eto ejtHH'h OTh MH.irOTO i|p;u;tli: :\\v\: xh.ih- 
.1.11 peny6.iBKaHCKn cTp - B.mii nojji. KOManflaTa Ha JlBepHHii- 
i.*H paciiM^HBan. h cuaaBarb apuHHTa na Piojuirepa 
on> 9,000 .lyiiui, khto i\ ii;rhnHuari, n oceMb xona. 
!h. iio.uiiunii ut! 6op-bxffi ejuiH'b iipoTnB'b fleceTb. Cawo 
JI,ii6h'ii. 3;i6a.TKaHCKH, koAto Tyin. Haii'Epii CBOflTa cMbpTb, 
i i ■ r ,> , i in b'b rkuiiiru ci, 160,000 Boflcita. PyccerB He ce 
i »'i. i l.i -iixai caMO Ha cbohtb ciura, Hirt npHfi-fernaxff. no 
nijr.i'l:.i.HaTa, HenpocTHTejiHa H3MaMa. Ha 25 AnpmiHfi 
1831 qacTb ott. uojickhtb bohckh b'l IIoaojihh lattajia 
pycccTb. np'feai. HoiqbTa efliio oTiili-icHiie ott. 2F»,000 
pycce on. BoSena/ra Ha KafisapOB'h MHHyBari. aBCipHfi- 
CKaxa L'paHHua n on. aHcrpHflcKaTa iTppiirapiin, ott, it*- 
vlnu iiojihufitb hp c* oiaKBajui Hump, Hanajarh B^a- 
CTaHHBUHTB b'i. thjui 1 ). ABCTpHB aaTBapfliae oin up-feni. 
TaiuiBa He^yBaiiM (paici'H, aamo*ro co6i'TBemun"fc neflHH 
|.,t,hu fi-fexa Moupa on. Kpi.Bb'i'a. hii hojihuht'e, iioiitu tji 
CH p;t:t.rft-in ct. PyccHfi 11 npyccHH 3 ). 

BtHKamnaTn riojiHTHKa ua Hnifojiaa eLOTB'brcTBy- 
same Ha aaiTp-BiiiiiaTa my. Ri. BCTflituienHeTn hhR bha-bx- 
ue, i»iKi. Ha 3aiiaA'b toh" npaa-BuiL 1 cefie en nasiiTejib hh 
MO!iapKH3ua h jierHTHMH3Ma 3 ). PeBo^ioHHOHHRT'li 6ypa 
164. 
Louis Blanc, 24ti. 

;e cny>m n[rb3T. BT.a(.'TaHireTii bt> 1831, u wi'Nfl'h 
3, bt> MioiixeHrpeuT. sieJKfly Pywufl u Aji.e jum 
i ■ i .vi i< i < i ■ - 1 1 1- 4jopHa,iemi TpaKTan. m\ ch iiponyiNtaTb BaniiMHii 
ui'itpo bt>3cthhii'). MapTem.-t.. Mkika. np, T, 1, :17<>. 
Heccipoae, KaHii.it'pi tl. in IIiiuojiaH, iracajn. st, IB33 r. 
nahT. in. JIohiohi.: .Ha'iajiOTo, na HCiero cc 

iiii.lFirilli;!, C Jia 3BKp'fenil BJiaCThia Ha BciK»jrti 

iH CKOiecTByBfl , ia w .n.i|i.ii:ii liiMi,. KsjiliTo e pacK.iareHa, 
mi., KftuvfcTO e iiauiiaH^Ta" (,Prae Russia" from, 
London i. 




xm.pjiux.*. hi. KpaKata My hImckbtb BJiaji-feTejiH, ko 
rtpcfexA iiL Hero iioAp'ijJKitu rrpoTHBi) iiapoain't 
Tofl 6'bidp cTaHaut pacnopeAHTenL ci, rfexaaTd ynai 

ABCTplia BJIK3a C'b BOHCKHT'E BT> Xpccphi. flU yMHp 
H'.lHIlHHiYi.lHTB 6li3p0.rtimH- IlpyCCHB OTb CBOH CTpill 

He ocTaHe HaaaftT) Typa ubo8 TapmreOHTi B r L KacepJi 
ontaaBa na Abctpuh uptmoTO Ha uajTBca. UnKo;iafi t 

CfiOil'ia CaCfl B'L BtoHHT'B R flBBa llpaBO Ha ABCTpHH, 

Ojihkju'Ij 1853. ,3aT0Ba jih, nacajrb EyH3eu*L, iridic 
n{JCJiaHHftKi> B-b JIoHAOHb ii Baaueawrh yien"L, na Ma 
Miojiepa xHJifl/iH damn h CHHOBe npfmecoxA aa. hct>p 
cboh wbbotti h macTHe a.a ce BiiataaMe ynpaBJiHBa 
on MHJiocTbTa na PyccHH?" 1 ) CameTo najiueHHo i ; 
nepeMonno oTHomeHne imaine HnKOJiafl h ictsn. Apyri 
AT.pjuaBH 1 ). Eto naujp bchhkut^ ct> roTOBHOCTb ce y 
bhxTl o ni>pBHH ejiyian na cbGoparb 'ott. [ijiIjiuht-b 
EBpona tokhhut-e na Taaa ^yryHena {pmypa", 
Taaa GeBAynma ipejtn. IK np-feflH aa inyferbpnH no 
ateiiHero Bi) Hpiun,, Hn.KOJiafi boah macTJiHBa 
npoTOBb TypUHTB bt. 1828, KoraTo ,n,nGKTb 3a6ajtKa 

n;H il'Ul'HA HBKT. Bb O^pHHTi. 

Tofl ch iKH'.'iyacu 3a np-fcflJiorb ct qri-i ikoto b 
craHnt;. IIe3aBHCiiMM0CTbTa Ha f-bpnaa frfcnje CB&teM 
h rapaHTupaHa cb ynacTHeTO Ha Ahi'jihh h 4»paHUH 

(I'.'IOTII'li. Ha TpllT'il fltpHtaBH, IIOXI, p,T,[iOB0ACTBOTO 

aarJlHftCKHfl aaMHpajn. Kijaphhtoht., m.BbpmeHHo 1 
UJ.05KHKS1 Typcaaxa (pjioTa iipa HaBapmn. (1827). 
cTpr.nn on. Toaa ce H3B"bpmn JIhGhobmh uoxojtb, i 

HfllOieirb C'b OitpilHCKHfl TpaKTBTT. (14 CV-IITeMlipIt 11 182 

Bb eaua iipliAiiiuua iviaaa huh eeie. aafrBJl'fa 
k'ijiko TBipao e MHcjiHjrb mcami HnKo.'raft as 

HaplH|>;i.'].b 1 TOft BHeCbflli T03H BtnpOC'h Bb Tai 

komhtoti. Ha oOcAJKAauHe, in. BHJKfla ce, ie Maiepi 

') renep. A. H. tlerpoBt, t. I, crp. 30 — 31 

*) h. MocKOBcKin BtaoMocrii iihuicil ToraBu no ajg 
mi Ahtjihb; IIliiiiiih floroaopT. Meauy Pycc.UH ir Anr.iHJi me 
murine; net. B* Hii.iiiyi.i. Collas, [j. 124. 



HH'*"* MAHHOTKH, ITOCJITJ XOJiepaTa, KOHTO lip'fcllOJIOBH I 

cKa-Tra aa flaGiiia n kohto tub aaaece ut, Ilo^iura' h, 
iiii?-k wnrE, npHc^TCTBiieTo Ha <ppeHCKara a aiuviiiSCKfl 
(J)jj« »-in in. Apxmio.iara ra Haiiapax^i aa ce orpaHHin 
(n> H{ijiy4aHfiaHGTO Ha JlyiiaBCKOTo ycTHe (.Hejrra-ra) i 
e-h ouie 135 MBJiHoaa py6jm aoeHHo o6emeTenne. 

Taaii noG-feaa aaae ,B-b pahbt-b Ha pyccert BOfl*- 
iiii' - - i-o iia TypCKaTa nojiHTHKa. PyccHH ce hbh paenope- 
j.iri."o;n;u Bb H,apurpaa'b ao rasa cruieHb, mOTO CKopo 
Batcojiafl acnparn cboa BofiCKa aa 3amnTHBa CyjiTaaa, 
Hi' :-=ia TOBa unit me roBopaMn Bt nfl*maTa rJiana. 

Ofiaie, oti. caMOTO TOBa H3B'bHpej.H0 H3flnraHne aa 
py««'K0T0 Mor*m,ecTBO na/rfcae n onacHOCTbTa aa Hero. 
EBFM-ina ce CTptiCHA orb aapacTBaHteTo Ha pyccKOto 
tuin^iHHe Ha HcTOKh h ce p'feiiin aa ro oejiaOti. Cjiyit 
IW*.e CKopo cana Pyccaa. Bt. 1840 r. <I>|>»hhhh iioayiH- 
jia orb Typuarfe npaBOTO j;a j^pjKAn. HOTOJianHTTi h-b- 
liini toikh on. TT.R HapeieHHTti .cneTii MlscTa" bi. Mepyca- 
jihmTj. Bt, 1850 r. PyccHH noBjuira npeTemiHH, KaTO 
senna, 'io T'fe Tp^fma aa ripHHafljieauRTb Ha npaBociiaB- 
hht-%. Typm-iH ce Koae6ae a,n npneMa pyccKOTo np-fea.no- 
awnue, KoraTO Pycciia iia 1853 r. 28 ipeBpyapaH CT ALD- 
US Ch BOflcKIITB CH B"b MoJIflaBa H BjjaUJKO, K3T0 33K 

sa, «ie me jn>piKH rfeaH npoBUHuna, kpto rapaHnns, 
ita-ro TypnHH He otctj.hh. Bi. c*meio Bp'Bue khhsl 

M''HllfI1KOB*b Ce HBHBa BT, 1 lapiirpaflT., KaTO H3B LBpi3A<-'H'b 

"I'-'iToHHHicb, aa HCKa orb cyjrraHa (popMaJiHoo6'famaiine. 

nocjitanHfli-b noa'tpHtaa* orb <I>pannnfl n Ahimhh ot- 

| Kfl&Ba. ') BoftHara ce 3axsama. Iljiain.rb Ha HnKO.'raa > 

""-i'i, ui,oto ejuioBp-EMeHHO cl a'EHCTBiuTi'a en no cyxn 

|l a HacTAUii k no Mope a« aaewe Haptirpaji/L docjTB aa 
H'b*icTByBa orb rnirh npoTHBb ctHLSHHrfc ai,pataBH. s ) £h, 
ll0( "- r i'BaHQTi) iipuS'bpaaxsL, hjih, ano Cjiyiuaue pycciinrl 
I SBfopH — pyccerL' mioro tiamio ahficTByn:ix,7,. ll(iul,,n.a- 
I Ta ocraH* Ha crpaHH Ha ei.iALmiin'li .ii.pwiiBii. [[rkojkih, 
I Jipi; s'b TOBa Bp'Biae (1855). Cnopea'b mhoio aa-ropn, toA 



i:« .1 



:■ \|r-"iiiiii,-iii^ .iiui>: A. II. ETpt- 



— lib — 

ce oTpoB&rb caMi>. HeroBHftrb chht* AjieKcaHApt II ckjuo* 
hh B'b 1856 r. IlapuHccKHH AoroBopT>. CnopeAt aero, 
PyccHH H3ry6Ba MOHonojia ch Aa iiOKpoBHTejiCTByBa xpE- 
cTHaHerfe hh Hctoki,, KoeTO CTaBa eAHo o6mo eBponeiS- 
cko upaBo. MepnoTO Mope CTaBa HeftTpajiHo -PyccHH ce 
oraasBa Aa A'bp^H TaMi» BoenHa (|)jioTa h Aa CTpon Kpis- 

IIOCTH. ^apAaHOJlCKHrfe IipOJIHBH OCTaBaTL B'feHHO 3aKpa* 

th 3a BoeHim Kopa6H. Hafl-ceTH'fe Beccapa6afl ce OTHe- 
Ma on. PyccHH h ce noBpi.ma Ha MojiAaBa, kohto no 
T03H Haqmrb BJi^e, naTo KJirnrb MeacAy TypijHfl h Pyc- 
chh, kohto Bene ne ce AOiiHpax^. iicKJHOHHTejiHHT'fe 
jipaim, kohto PyccHfl cneqejiH bt> KioHiOK'b KaftHap^Hca, 
(1774) cera ni ii3ry6Bauie bi> riapnacb (1856). 



PyccKO-TypCKOTo npHHTencTBO. 

ITU rrfcllH IliL iJIIJFHT11'ie(.-KHT'fe pOJJM IIU HrTulil. -.iill.lJ- 

a TypmiH. — PvrcHFi cmIjhuhii liniiiiaiM Enjxjriii. — ."I.'-huk- 
cartHflBa Pjtthft. — PyixKoTO TypKotpMIcTPQ II HCTOpB- 
«jto icy pasBFiTiift. - iJiHiim'Kc.™ Ha Ko'iySew an A-T'-Kr-n h.f.[>ji I. 
'X.'luuAa ii. Hrri'.r|.,,ir j. i i : r ■ _■ 1 1 : i ,- 1 ■ : < khH31> KnwiaHTHH'b [luiUIO- 
b. - Mi mi Hurt h:i |iy t 'i'.KiPiri rypxtxpancTBO bt. nepnosa 1830— 
"J. - — BufinaTii. Mt'fi.viv Ty|ii(iin n Dniuivr-L. — PyecKaTa soenna 
&C3 D*t nanaa Ha H'bpBaTa. — ymtHpt — CKejiemKHH aoriiBnpT,. 
PyBCHH ii Typiiim Bt h pjipHi'inrrlt KjinHeTii — (xpHUHoano niirb- 
B'l. Pyci'iiii 3a pycci-ai- rypi.'h'arii ,ny\OHHii 11 i.'y.n'ypHa COJlBflap- 

rt. — PyccHfl 11 jtpBUTHaHeriJ sa Hcronrt. — -PeaKmrara B'b pyc- 
fi Kp*roae nporaBi. ocuooo/i.HTe.iHiiTit nu.THTiusa Ha Hcrost — 
BpnaHBTejiKOCTbTa" Ha ocBoSo/ieHni-B «'hMi> ocmn'iOj'inri-'jiHT'li— 

leHiwro Ha Apiirujin aa pyi.'CKiin Ma/ioaiiian'rii iuvn, i;i,i:i, Cpl;- 
smhoto wope ji Ilii.mriri.iiii ikji'iliit.. ■ OfiiiiHTb npitiHHH, kiihtii 
m Pyccim iia iiojtpviia (>erajiiiiiiH peai. uii pitfiimirii ru Hi- 

I.. - MnpilllT'h llp'tin iBl'lpIl Il:i Pyr.'1-HH I'b TyplUlfl IliL Blif'Millllll'TCl 

r..in]iii|i;i mi. I'y.cnti. - OO'ltuiaiiiieTti Fa PyiTHil K'biWb TypuHH. 
IIOC/TSACTBUKTa 11 Mli 3a OajlKaHCKHTB Hap o ah. 



Hn.'i ii|)ii(:'T,T,iii)iint' KbWh p;i3rjifj[BHHHeTO Ha ea,aa, 
1-Ma^Ko HHTfpei'na 11 noyiHTejiHa ci'pana Ha pyc- 
i HCTO'iua nojiHTUKa. Hail BHj'fexMe Pycctin ohcijcto* 
-oaiirejiKa aa TypmiH, a cera HHii me b* hii.uimi, 
ih;i npnfiTejiKa it noflptMCHHifa. Hiifl bhjvgxmc- 
r jia BOflH nplsroBopii 3a pa3xtji;vra Ha Typaim, 
l me BiiauMi, Pyocefl Haft-rojrBMH 3am,HTHnna na 
iaxa Q-fejioKynHOCTb. Hnfl lOBOpaxsie 3a Pyecaa, koh- 
jfl'BEie BOHHa 3a B3eMaHneTO na TypmiH, a cera 
roBopmn. aa uiiiihm, kohto PyccHH e Bo^ium 3a Hea- 
rt) onaBBaHte. Mini r.ue BiiAiun, lyici, Pyccwa jia l>6«- 
aa ce6e en 3a HEifi-np1yi,.iHHa na3KTejiKu tin ipaina-ni, 



- - • :«• 

-r- • r .1 p:i 

_ . i.. ..art 

__- . - .. HttI 
•^ • ? : "..I'M, 

. * z . ^-.* r. 
.: .- - £ - -. m 

• :. -. i •- i. -.* a i.-i. 

. - ... *• - £ .'-'.:•<. Kouro 
■ i*- } . : -. ..- >=b;! bi> 

i -: '-:i-I«. ji • 1:\ ^.-tliliiTHHd 

: . • .jl. t 7iA. Ha c *i-Hli;!]'liJ'b 

^ - .: :b« r. H.t ;>*H<rpa.ib Mypa- 

• .- : i— -• :rs»rHiitn. no tobu hu 

.....:u .l»4Hi.i Bl> einUt'TCKllfl 

.■•■■:;: j-i!Mupne r*b MexMe;n> A.m 

. . jmiYi. H»IIpliK.IOHeH r L. Ho K'l.OHO 

. m, KiiH.ri. Ud;iubi> c*i» 5000 flviim, 

.-,.:... ii.. .ljuhtckmh n;ipnrpa;u # KH 6p r fen» npif 

■ .-. "I «-|..ri mii e [\t\v\i 24000 ;iy mil iipiirbr- 

.: ,,. ».i,.«),. , -.i :.i rA,iiiirrh tomku. Cy.Tram/n. uoopl;m- 

ihv. .i i.i 1 1 i . . 1 1 1 1 1 1 < • Mii«n"i» innpl; noiuirh on nuKpoBifTC/lii. 



sjjpeHCKHfi nocjiaHiiiHCL nn Bapetn. 1 ) Hanapajn. Era- 
fefCKHS KG J,HB'I. H.lil [10-B'fepRO chhr My H&paxoMa, 
'""lini BairfecTH 6ania ch, ;ia ckjijoib mh;>l ct> lypunii, 
i Kaiaaa, naro aa^-bpHtH 3a ce6e ch AauHCKaTa iqrk- 
x-xb — KJnOTbTT. na Majia Aaiiti hi, Cpl;flM3cMHO Mope, 
i> Ha pyecerii TBtp^'fe nut ce iiunpaBii iioBaTa „ocbo- 
.1 ii re .ifij-th" h B noKpi)BHTejiCKa* pojib in.M-b cjiaGa. Typ- 
m ii 'I'-fe He ce Cbrjiacwx* ;ia ce OTterjiHT't., aorjftiTo 
J>HHa He npuiiosHii h.i 2f> IOhhA 1833 r. ip - B3i. :*u:lmohii- 

1 i'llKflap'L CKttJUJCKfl flOrOBUp'L, IpOpMa/HIO, pVCCKHH 

OrwatTOpaTi. Hplm Tfi'ina ii'i.pHa ira to3h Aoroaopi. 
■*c.ay PyccHfl n Typiuni ce cKjuoiBa oTfipaiiHTejiem ct- 
rt. aa bI.'iiiii Bp'BiieHa. S 2 Hrnm;nTl; cTapn floroBupg 
i-f, i.y I'yii-vui h Typniifl iKT.'in.ni. hi- chjib, r. e. Pyc- 
* He noBpbnJ.a n;i TypaHn hhuio otl -roiia, kocto ii 
MJfaa. S - ,Ako e yro;[Ho Bory", PyccKiiini, H»ne- 
ropL no 3ajjiT)i£a na ;i,a ;i.a;u' Ha llnpraTa MaTepHajma 
*Opajma noM0in.b bt. paawfepn, kukbhto HawIipHiTL 3a 
**\)-b .wriifiopamiirii crpaiiH. Pycci.tifiTi. napb i i.] >- 
ctbpuho ce ofrismana. ;ia aoctubh bchikh cyxonATHH 
MopcKi; CHJtn itaiTi uoik'iia llopTara. C;i'B;V'- i"Mip,iTL> 
*""t TyK'i. toikh crluaaT i. om,e § § 4 h 5h Ha iiafl- 
"H-B Bb Post-script uin n,v BaatHoro ootjuiaiine Ha 
Jjjuia, hi. sanrBHa na uaTepnajiH3Ta iiomouj,!., kohto 
ji .[.aci Pyccim, Tfl, Typiwa, na p ro H'BMa Biauosc- 

-Tb fla UpaHH pa3HO(.'HH — Tl.fi lia'Ri pa3H0CKHTB no 
InptEaHHCTU Ha BOHU-KHTB, KOHTO PyCCHfl 6h aaJia Ha 
piiiui, <-,y. 3a cM'BTKa hh n'bpBara, caiucto 6n i]ili6ua- 
Ra CTaHe, aKO Typunii ecnpaTii boBckh iia uoMouy, 
I'viTnii to HoB'rapflni'b, aii aawfeHa na Bcttiia Ma- 
l»n;i.ina noMomb. TypiuiH ce aa.a.TDtuiBa ja aaTBupn 
r> Ji.ii na ,Jiijii><ui-'.uiiii)i., <:t>j>. <U> hv omqimn Hit hhuih'i 
ttedtcmpaHem, mrm-Hr m>inn% da HMbje <n> mn&h, nodh 
K7,nw„ a da e npthdAoi^}. 

Ob nocji^AHflTa tohkb PyccwH, jiodtiBauie Toua, 

Bap«BK, me typ 

ocffton. e;um pyoCKa 



'.i ,A-i"i. 1 1 n v i . , i . ■ m 


}|-]-li 111 H-. 


ptuiHTeviHo lit e 


nunc apyra 


aiiuiii'. L. Blanc, 





) L, Bjisoc. T. IV. p. 335 - 33U. 




, 



Koero flo xoraBa th He Hoxceme Aa Meqrae, OCB-fein. uko 
crane iwnoAapi<a eui L^apurpaab: 3aTB8pniiiero Ha Rep- 
hoiu Mope aa BiieHHiirB nyjitjin KopaSn. TpiiKTan.ri.Ha 
VHKiiap'i- Ciiejiecn 6-fcuie aa c-ahht. cpom. ott. oceM'b ro- 

AHHH,Hp , fe3L KOfll'li pytCICllfiTlj C'bHV3HHKTi cyjITaH'b MaxtiyA'b 

yMpti. MeinBOTO wBcto aae ASftym. MeA>KMA'b. H3BB- 
CTHero aa chviioqeHMn AoroBop'b, qp-Bat koHto Pyccun bt> 
CKOpo Bpuue c-raBaiue ipaKTHiecita pauiiopeAHTt-jiKa ei, 
TypuHH, yiuiainu ttepona. 1 loeji'BAHHTa ce Bi»3Cuojrayea 
on. HOBUTa BoftHa, koato erHneicKiia nama HGpaxaiR. 
oTBopw Ha Typnan Aa cc hhji'Bch bl noji3a Ha no 

HHTa It A« I* H3BJ]'Bie I13t H-fejKHHTil ll]l T.I'p,¥.AI!H H3 PyCCHH. 

Hi. AOfiapuHpanucTo Ha pyi-cuHrE bohckh b - h Ija- 
parpaA't h yHKHapi. Ckcjil-ckhh AoroBopi. cbCTaajiHaaTT. 
eAHHT. HSB'bHpeAHO noyiH're.ieH'L upeuf-A^Hrb Bl> pyccita- 
Ta iicTOHHa najiHTHita. Tyici. Pyccua, B'BKOBHara rypCKa 
iipoi'MBnena, ce HBjiBa bt> OAiia tieofiiiKHOBeHiia 
kohto th paaiirpa Ba me nororaBa ct. ycirfext casio Mew 
Ay .eAHHOB-BpHH't'B h h eftHiion.ieMeHHH" 1 xpKCTHaae. Pyi 
chh, noKpoBiriejiKa Ha xpHCTHatierfe n Pyccua noKponi 
rejina Ha i-BxuaTa npHrfec-HHTejiKa, Ha Typiinn! 
opocTOTo cbiiocTaBaHHe iia rfeaa Asa (pama ne crar 
o^eBHAHO, >je pyccKara nojiHTHKa aajinaa ott. mhoto i 
Apyrit aoSyiKAeHna, otkojikoto orb lyacrBOTo iia ctcTp; 

A3HHe K'l.Ml, UpHTtCHCHHT'fe XpHCTHflHe — AVMM, 

bt. HeHHurfe ycra c* jiHD.eM'BpHHH rip-fenjiorb Aa i 
h ^'bate HaHBHnrfe hctohhh HapOAH ' J 

TloBeACHiieTo iia Pyccm B'b 6op6an i 
i"b Ei'HUfTcifHfl xtARBi. craBa mhhto pa36paHO, KaTO 1 
B3eMe opiiA'b bha'i., ie ci, tobh Pyccun 3iiaji'i>huib«H1 
npiiBi.paBau]e Typuna otu,e uo-chjiho K'bm> rpiiyjKpaj 
Tfl KO.necuHua 11a IIiiaoaaH I h BTOpo, ne Pyccua 1 
me HHTepecii, KaKTo aa&fejrki'BaBaiije immi. HeceT 

Hi. Miiini.iir.i ill AO BeJIIIKHfl KHH3-L KoHCTaHTHHT., 

una ao cefie en no cKopo eAHH'b cjiacVb ct.cbat., oti 
koto eAHni. CHJieHt., KaKtBTo fifcme HMeiiHu iiieprH' 

1 eniucTciat xcahbt. MexneAi.— Ajih. Ocb-BhTj 
Tbk KaTO Pyccun hckb Aa rpafme cava Hac^-BACTBdl 
cyjiTaHM'i'U, He e .'in ecieCTBCHO, iuoto th Aa up-bii 




in' i-.i;n ,'ipyn, upeT^Hjeim., lioflTo 6n nocBrHiiun. na ir 

KyilHOCTbTa Hil TO.B3 HJICJI'feftCTBO? 

,D,Heci>, B'i, apsceHCKnrfe n iqun'cicn pa6oTH PyccHH 
ce hbbbb othobo Bh, pojiflTa en on. 1833 r. i! ah eana 
TawiBU I'DBenpraa, kohto 6h Tp-bSBajio ar onapH BCEKa 
pyccoipiijicita ctrliCTi.. BeniitaTa pyccKs o<pnimo3Ha npec- 
ca HCKfl na yBt.pH Typmia, 'ie no-roJi-feMa, no ucttpeHHa 
ma 3amHTHBna on. Pyccafl th He mo we aa 
iifiM'Bpii. CHpHnaoanHH pyccHu b. Le Nord oTJtae #a ywk- 
psBa Typmirt, Me PyccHH minora He e np-lyuarajia Ha 
iVHtAHTl; /vbpjKiiBH paaxfejiara Ha tbxhbtb iiMiiepna, a 
MbeKoaetcin JJfadoMOcmit ne bcuhkhtb jioceraiiiHH pyc- 
CKO-Typciin bohhh cs 6hjih njiofli. iia espoiie'cKH hh- 
Tpuni, ie PyccHB UHKora hc- e ncieajta jw Baeme hhto 
t'Aiiai. up b.T i.. rypCKa TeppiiTDpiin.') R"h Hoeoe ttpt'iMft m-\-\- 

Ita \KStf>JIH ce HBHBaX/fi KHJIOMeTpHieCKHli) JOHMCKM Ha Hefi- 

HHH naparpaaeitii isnpeenmueHri., Pt/mtiii rtwipoHHitin, 
(EBremiB JTbobt.), i'a-rto re nplJB^3Hacflx»i rojrBwirB 40- 
fjpnxi'.'n'jiii HoeHHH, rpajKAaiicKH it pejiwrHOBHB Ha Typ- 
hhtL. HaBeflHtHCb, iiafl OTianiiOTO „BapBapcno njieite* 
ce iip'Bnfitpn,Yi ri. eaiiHi. B'bpon.pnHMT. Hapojrb. Jlp-fe/iH 
ABa M'feceqa afft.. Beie hhceixt. B'i. Hoeoe Bpe.vx, mime 
.Ibobt., 'ie TypittH'LTb ne e Tampan (paHaTHto., naKtBTO 
ro ("uiT.'n'i. b'i. EBpona." '-) 

Oti< ,apyra i'Tpana cAim-iflri. Pyccxii cmopaH-Htim, ce- 
ra oTKpnBii Meatfly otpHUHnjnia Pyccua h Typmur tojiko- 

HLl CXOflBH MPpTB, TOJIUOBa 06lHO, mOTO MOB'felCl. MOJKC 

caaio ss ce 'lyAH, uaifb tb3h ABa dcTartBa hb a3naTm,H- 
iiaTa laKasA itbjih BEKOBe, flo raliTO paa6ep>HTL Heo6- 
XOflHMorrbTa on. ciiai htcjihhh aa text. ci.w.:ii.. 

„. . .B-tiipoi-i.Ti. e, niime cAumftri. aBTopi,, s*mo 
Typuan hii saci., hb sieHe h ome Ha HHoro apyra pyc- 
ce ce noita3Ba Haft MHJia otv, bchmkhtb (pHiypHpytaimH 
MA iBponejcKH A'tpataBii? .... He bh jib nopaaflea, 
ne HHfl n TypiWH — asa apara c-b HHTepecii uaR-npo- 



,| T'bHH -HIi'li eh-i: , r|aii:iriiH-|TiH era riui rVfex.v. npli 
u romiHii bt. cot]iifrt(!!tnn \jyi:i'ti<\)H.ii-«a h, Ch-Jit 



I1;vl 1 l.afii.rpaaa. Xt "/j, ifWE[.\ a |jhB 



— 120 — 

jeiiri. iiapn. kc ce iHHfurb Gyrapmrb" hjih „Myxypi» mh 
a w OB^e na ro t;.iaBa»n> 11 ohjii na ro KJiaBam," .*) 

JpcTofmo .in e c,Tfc;n> TOBa 3a Be:;HKa h cnpase^in- 
3a PyccHfl ja 3amnTflBa trBKaKBn cti apMeeme, ^eepeart 
ia IL:TOK"h fc . ii.iii iilktj ja.iMaTaHunrb n MaKe^OHUHTfe, 
.iOhto Ha cjn J 6cKaTa rpatfima ce npaBK&Tb cbp6e, a itl 
•"VjiJiHfl — frbjirape? Haft-jocTOftHO, h.ih no xy6aso. «oii- 
itiHooio e ja ce 3amiiTABarb To.iepaHTHirrfe n f ie.iob r b- 
ho-ikj6hbh T\*pun, kohto Haft-jofiplj ca HanpaBeHH aa 
joqHTHTi- pyrvKaTa caMOXbpraaBHa BJiacTb. Ako AOftae 
.-.'yrcnH bx Hapurpaxb, tb Haja.iH me ycBTHkTb Tosa — 
to.ikobm npoM-EHaTa me 6aue xa.iKa: HairfecTO TypcKHA 
cy-iTaHT> me cejHe - pyccKHA. 

He HCKa o'LMH'BHHe, ne PyccHA Ana npHiBHH aa 
u*;ie Hefi-iarojapHa on ocBoflojeHH-rfc orb HebK. xpn- 
•■TwaHe. Tfl siM'b jaae tie&iBHCHxocTb h tb pa36paxj& Ta- 
3n h*-3;j BtfcHMocTb 3a cepnoaiia h HaM'fecTO ja nocjiy- 
■■katl. KaTO aBaH'b-rBapoHH Ha pyccKurfe boAokh bt> na- 
.C'jjji mrb k'lmx Ilapnrpaj'b. pyMAHerfe HaupaBiiXA. 
.'K|)1:fi-i«H3ri ok'-jij BvKvpeurb npoTHB'b Pvccha, frbira- 
■^Tfe .jaii'j.i»j3r»HXjf». im'f;j-«-hhht , b ii ftpaTcKii HaarfcpeHnA 
i.i F'y*:-:Mrr Hnii-MHoro. 3am<»TO uoc.itUHHTa rn npaB-taie 
•:\ TnKT.rrL \y?.a\\\y;w\, mo to BrbKiul ce an Tame: Orb 
;.rf; t-i3jt ror..eiu;i :i ucooHa upmn.p3aHO0Tb y Pvccha, y 

■.Iff J npsifcHTi.-.lOTBO, C'!> K'.iirTU He Cf OT.IHHnBa C"fc HrfetfCHHTfe 

-M 'vjvayvvm kt.:»:i, ejiiHi- mjkiko u3B , ECTeH r b ii HesHaiu- 
rT.i'-irf, H;»pi.'.n.r' IVb-'irapnn c*- ori'fc.in c;Rmo orb Pyc- 

■i!H n H:t.ia.i;i H'.-BHT'E T'Vi;i;N5! IIHTpMI'II. KUKBaTO H IIOA- 
.:«/.-K : "' !■• H:iMIIpaT'b !"£ Ml, Up |:i; T^MIiaTa OO.IHjapHOCTb 

.ia :i3n *:«:th:i ■' Kin*;, ckm i t : ? t ■ i ' ! i : t , me ca B'b CbCTOAHHe 

.Id. \: I'lJ.KT'l. 'Vl^'Hi.MO 3li:i : -k-Hue : L 

-■ !l -=j • ■ ■!:• -w « '■' 2:: M..;.i-. \| • . i r i TypmiMI. 

I MM ii>iix, -ill !>.i.:i;.i \\ t t' ii> i|>i^i,,t> :si v V.tr»v;irtz iBtJD- 

.iiihi. -." i ."» ■ : v.j.. i ■ » ... ■ 1..-.-.S - . .I-.,.. i. ■•..■■ \utstand in 

.U;ik'.--i ■■■ ■■ " ;: ""' ■■■•• ■ ■ ■ ' ' .;■■■-.. I. .■);.. ;J|) _ y|» B 

^:i.$n'i(i|>i!...i . !<•■■ -I ! *\...i-i ■ •■ ! >.- -.i t n ■>■■> ■; ■•:>.• in ^ o.ihht* a:e- 
:i;»rbtTen». j».i .• ■ 

,l-'yi-.vi I; ■■«■■• '■•'-■ ' ' • ••!■.■.»■ ..-ii.-.--. 1. 1 ■.. :i.ia,iHopoBa- 

H,1TT>, IHIIIlt' J.-.Mini.v. ■ ■ ■'■■■"■■ • ■ : - ■■■• ■ '"iM.:'in,'TbTa Hft 

4H0TO-eMaiii:iiii;iu»ii'.iii-i'-i .■.■ni..u.. i »..»,■ .. ,. -,., • i i-... Mbi He He 



II.Mil MHO TO UOCT.TillKn, Ha KOBTO 'lOfftlfb Be e bt> 

CfcCTOHHHe ftfi np"l;i]Bn;iii nocyi'feflCTBHnTa. Tyirte itSctoto 
1:1 i ■<■ Katme, ic iobthi'i. np-feanojiara, m. o6cTOHTe,icTBa- 
r;i pacuo Jiaran.. noc.Tb.'iHHii; naHrpax* Ha Pyccnn ej- 
Fta wrpa h noKa3ax*, <k ne e fieaonacwo 3a 
-inm ni]i;ifiiHn (a en Hrpae ci, on.H« Ha peBojuomia- 
r;i u ('isofiojiiiTu, /I,Hecb Pyccnn aeie He ee ,'i'LHte. Th 
-iI;m;i aa ci.:i..iii .n: \tcie „e,';Ha Apyra B-uirapnH* , KaKTO 
BBBittnie JIo6«hobt.. llojn. „e,nna spyra Iywirapun" JIo- 
BaBOBl- paa6»pame uBronoMiia ApiaeiiHs. Uj^fejibTa na Pyc- 
l'hh, aaBBaBiin. bchhkh nefiiiii 3an umi hhh, e aa A^Ae 

i'i'SaUHi'MMnc'1'1. D8 XpHCTHaHCKHTB liapOAH H'J, TypUHfl. 

IU,omt> K8TO e ri.fi, me noniiTane hhb, itaTO TaTapeTB 
to. Kjihm']., cjtUabu, ho una cue so.Wtt #a iipneMaMe iiJin 
ne npiieuame TBoeTO iioKpoitHTt'JicTBo? 3amo Toraea hh 
C4 ci.p utnn., 'le HHft ynoTp*t6flBaMe iiaiuaTa bojihocti., 
KBRTO aaKHpane 3a ;io6pli? H;m mtA cue bojihh h to- 
raBa to e iiauio npaeo, ium nam. upaBOTo Aa mi p.Y.- 
KOBOA>iti'*t npRHaAJieatH Ha Te6e h ToraBa, 3am.o hh jri.- 
att'iiri., Ne ewe bojieiii? Ht> Pyccnn ncicauje Aa hh Hanpa- 
iiii ri|,;i,[iiipn Ha HATB 1!t,mt> UapnrpaAT'. linn A"bPcT- 
hjiiimiiii CTaHi&XMe CTpaucapn, in, 11a cawn ce6e ch. A 
.ui;i ncn;mi!fiiiia ApMCHMH lie caMo me mens, itaKTo b 
ipynnl; fl'bpjKaBHUii, fla naan He3aBHcnM0CTb, m. h qp-fesi. 
I'lCcTBCHHiiTO csoe ciMnecTByBanne, rapaHTiipaHo «ip*B3i. 
MeawyHapoAumi; TpairraTH, th 0H3anyiunJia cyxn« aanai- 
ckh iifliTi, Ha PyccHH k-hmt> IJa purpart n CptAMseM- 
hoto Mope on. eAHa CTpaHa h llepciiACKHH 3njfHBi. Ha 
Haa«3cKBfl OKeanii oiii Apyra. H Tyin> naAa MacKaTa 
tin pyccnoTo 6ji« ro'tecTne, a caua Pyccnn ce annBa 3a- 

UUITHHU.'i Ha CyjlTaHCKHTB 6eH"H1HHfl H Kpl.BOnpO,10THH. 

KajKem. bcbhko, ie Dpif tie,lPiHPBB tTO Ma IJa pnrpa.jp> e iianp 
imoro no HeoGsonFiwo 11 iillibtotho, otko.ikot 
ocBofrHKAemte an xpHLTHaHerfe* JIeoHTt>em>. [Fli 
L crp. 76. 

Bt. ejiaa KopeciiOHoeHiiHS 
mat. Le Soleil i\ .JJeMnp. 1895) 

,EaHHT. inpHIIFI'h IHTIIT'h III 

, ■.!!:. pyccerb, k 

l"fc OTT. KfJppp'JI i'-IITii.i. 



IjapBHiCKHfl llp.T' .uPllrli.li n[ 

PyccHH ay n»uian-t: 

'in, ko.iito ila^Kn nele.TOMi, 

paTtna 11:1 lOrt* (kiibhikh- 



, KHTO 1 



- V2> 



i p.*!;.. m:i cyjrraua, npl.;ii. nemo 
Berts Ha CTOTHna xtuinnii apuenuH, PyccHfl He 3,.fjpun)i 
m naBliTiiaTu en ai>^b. ,HBecb tji c 3aeTa ct. ypeHtjyjHHe- 

TO Ifil BfliTp-feniHOTO CM if.UIHaHt:(>BU ■_■ l.ill i >a M I i'- , m''.!i. 

Kiu'Tfi e ni'.'iiuiMiiiiii p-feoiHTejiHa ttpawa FThM-i, U,apnrpnjlT>, 
Cb (TpneiineTd na cTpaTeiniecitH 11 HiHninwHHecKti me- 
flea h huh h iiopToee, cb paaBHTHeTO Ha niiiiycTpiwiT.i i 
OTBapHHIiai'O 3a H6W. naaapi! ITa BaJIKaBCKHfl nojiyoev- 
pOFTb H KtlTaii. CI. N'a>iHH*-HneTO HO nuC.n'llJlHHH H I 

Hopes, n no k.ito Be ype^H echiko rmia, th Ht> mojb 
na ce Bi.i;iio;i3VHii orb macniiiBHii nphaaon>, [tofiTo A 
iip-t/i.f'TaBHn. jHc-niHiiT-fe CeapeflMHH bt> Heroin. r ia . 
hbh nai't crfcHirrfe Ba Ltapnrpa/rb 1 ). 

Cifvmeap'EMeEiiio, kbto noKpoBHTejicTBVBn 'Vypm 
Tfl ee m*ih ^a .nofiwe no MHpem. nff.ii, roaa, isoero n 
uo»ce ita B3ewe cera ct. cii.ia. CrpeMeHCbn. ua pyccttatl 
AHn.iioMaqnH e ^p-feat ot-.thoto jj,ncKpir AHTHpaHHe n • 
L'HiiBiniHC na TypcKHH cyjrraHi), ip'Wi. qt>jihoto He 
usu.inpaiiiii.' (iT'i. Eapona ;i,a ro But? mo no 3flpam> n i. oBnir 
it; p^irl; h, kbto hv np'BjicraBH rttsimixciiiHivro no* 
jKCBHe, fla ro nanapa aa ynUB'ieTBopn ejwo cxhxb ApJH 

PyCCKHTfe BCKttHHfl. 

BIjcthhufitb HHii]ff.Ti>, *ie Pyrcns- flo6a,ia npaBun 
u'i'i, TypnHfl an cBofiofleH-b npoxofli. qplsa'b ^'P^'me-' 

iS Hnr'IIHllli: CH liapOXOJUI, KOdTO Ce nOflTBT>pflflH3JW I 

ipaKTa, 'ie HeoTAaBHa pjihhT) napaxoji.T, on. n,o6posojfl 
pyCCKB ipJiorL npljHece aoSpoBOJiiui a bophuh nyHHi 
ii|-t.:n. . l.iiji .i.:iik.' .iH-rfe :ia lijia.iniJOCTOKT.. Hi. 3a i 
Mlioid BaHCiio ;i.a nnaein. jit.iic :TBino;imni; (iciianilH, I 
in PyccBfl e np*ajiarajia Ha IIopTaTa. Kojiko Pyfij 
G CMt/nuia CBoeTO BJinumte bt> UapnrpaAi' 3a BceMor* 
a BO.'iowfHueTO a;t TypnHfl 3a (H.Bl.puieHHO 6e3Haae»K 
yonaBBa BeflBycEHCJieHHoTo acKamie na Pyci ■ ■■ ;.. 
TypHHn Bocfpopa. Ho ao6p1; cjiymaflTe kskbo 
BBOHHHHhh qHHOBHHKT. Bi. H. BpeMtt, ,3aeMttHitemo n 



■'. Ta3H TOHio e paaBHTa hi. pannprn Ha Star Cnu. HfiM 

InjiTiui, riji-f. i ■-- f-.- : i i. na JltiH.-ioHcKKii MewayH. 

K"i!i !'■■'■ i, !;i, 189*1. I'.iajiam, [tacJil*Ut:i Hmm'ihiiii ji-i-m|> ».. •■ 

(tHBa-ioro^iiiiiaaTa (JieBpyapena nriii/nnaHHl)ie Sea 

Siicialilemoiralie in Urirutl'uKe. 



. ■■■ ,„:,.-. fllJCCKHtIM HQttCKU CI niMlCHtmil UQ I I 
— '.'TO TtWIi HCXOfll., K'lfiTU Hllfl BCtltOra CMe CIHTaJIll 1 

ciHTsiMf an Hafi mai'Tjiitm. na ABara CLKsaa n:it ceraui- 
hoto rbxHo iniTiTiiA, i<> nojioweHHe. 3a Py<xnn -rcma ( 

HIM'lLl.m ,1M lii'-IV'TIl J /.l I" '' l:i OT1 CBOfl ;(OMT. RT. CDOIIT'fe 

|i.T.iit„ a .i;i py.iTiina tubs fm.jn fin c^maTa no;mp'i.>Ki;a, 
i,,ii,BMin B'i. I Sli;i r. Typmw bomc neflni>s£i. nojiyiH ott> 
PyccHH, m|h hiib i. nunl; lomu-iiini; BOflCKB h:i llflpaxiitn. 
ILniiri. Tosit ifinumt, ii!.r npitnaitu impuibWtc u ii" Ha& 

■"mil- ciCMeHttnt an TypuuR, a Haedtto a moea me 
HodKpmiu aemopiimemn n na cyAwtaneiuma oAactm cpmny 
WOHaMmpcHumv, mumawm mm tcn-nxdn n me ce Typa 
Kpafi Tiii tcib.i qyauo niuoffieiine, npii noeio eyita rp'i.ui:a 
HRHOBocKa eflEii in m: ce mbabh <:iioco6iia aa npfeflM:i- 

paaAkiara h;i Typwifl" V <K. Hauit). 

I'ycrl'fl. .I.il la.i.iaTII CBTIH XHII'l., K.T3PB OLUP, >»e BSC 

]iii. M)i ce ci.rjiaCH na hi-hhute uptfl^oHfeuHu, me ce 
mo3HA.Tb Kaiiirry.iHU.rnrrk h Tfl me 6&Ae HBMIKHAT a 

. iiof'TM"!'!; wa (■•B'nn'HCKiiTa ciaai/iaaTamifl. IK ne- 
mii I .Mini i:ai'i jipim.'1-fcKaTF.Tno'jTt aa TypUHH me e^ae. ie 
inn. in. ;ihmI.ii;i Ha Boctpopa, ijpaii'mpa ivfcJtorrbTa 
j TCppBTOpnflTa , I'apanTMpa cnoKuncTBne a pejri. Bis.Tp'fe 
ce o61;maBa aa aanyuiii ycraTa n Ha naii Hen>pirfe- 
ibht-k OTL xpHCTHaHeTli, i.am .[a.ie Ha cyjiraHCHara 

UU'Tb JIVStnilH aBTl'pMTt'TL. M'l. 3:1 TOBD MHC.TliTe My 
, SpHCTHBHCKH H3pO, : lH IIOA'l' CJMTaHa! 



: p 

■ 



II. II. 7 IB (i>esp 



fjiaBa ocMa 

PyCCIIH BT, ApMCHHH. 

lliiKivii'iiiif'in Ha Pyccirfl npiat apHsdCKH-rt vm.n.-M. — Otshm 
JIofiaHoaa nn BJianfeeraTa in. Myiui. - PyccHfl noAtpina ceramw 
peat, Ha H-EuuiTa. — Pycciin ncira fla noTyjm acTHBBTa r;o p-feaHH 
B'b MaJfa AaHH. - Tn OTXB'fcpjrH npoeitTa aa nrapoKH pei|>i:pHH et, _W 
jib Ajuih. — Pyeciin He Hcwa nn ctaflafle „e.ma npyra BurajWa.' 

— IlofiyiKjieHHHTa, kohto tiaparb pyccuaru flunjioiiauHfl fla re u 

THBH Ha UIUpOlfH peiflOpMH B'b TypilHH, — [lllJl.TaTa, KOHTO 
ia PyCCHIT OTT, HHapXHHTa Ha HcTOHl K HeflHKH HHTepei'l 

fl-bpnta TiiaH anapxiin, — Pywwn ne iii-cta Aa re ynoTp'B6naa aaa.1 
Hae BT>pxy floptaTa aa iipoh-apBaHHero uu peijiopMirrB. Beai.'HJiii 
TO Ha Espona h me.ianHPTii Ha Pyccaa fla ce pacjlopeatAa , 
ri. cnyiiSaTa hh Typuim. - 3auiHTHHHHrB Ha PyccHfl no He 
aaae,v-j\He. H^ apaeHCKHrfc paGoru. — PyecHti h ApineHHH bi I 
hsjiqto. — llpbiaTeJicTBara u Ji-bWHrfc Ha pyci-itaTa ahb 

— I'yiviiirrf; [n'Trp.-i-.i.iHii njun ub'i. iipMcumiT'B iia KaBKasia. 
citaTa npecea h MaKHHBeJiQHiHaTa Ha pyccftara .niii.io«anHfl. — A 
rjiHHcKaTn npecca h PyecHH. — PypcitaTa npecoa h ApHeHHfl. - 
i'vcoaiia ni'n:iyp:i n i-y. n':rui miuj \apevi. — FYiviiaT.i onaUHOCTb. - 

^liiiiHi'iiHCTD Ma ;ij.ii--McKiirl: vi.vpn.N ;ia rifi.'ih-MiiCKHirB p 



Haia rpo3iin ctj6hthb bt> HCTopmrra, aflCKBtf i 

M'bttt. Ha KOHTO HpKO OCB-feTflBS II Mil fi-CKpHTHrfe II I 
Jlt'HH annJIOMilTH^eCKH HHTpM'H II MillUHiKIIIHII. Api 
CKHT'fi yiKaC.lH KJiaHbPT;! BJTB3BaTL HMeHHO BTj Ta3H K&Ji 
ropHH U1.6I1THH. ') LI HH0 BMMMe B'L> HaUKITM [ICTOpJ 

H-femo ikw>6ho. A3-t. Ka38aMb canto .H-femo noflofiflo," 
Ttfi «aTo frwirapcKHTl; ymauH 6.i»w)Kn.iiKtHii npli.i'i. apiiei 
ckht'e. H'UHOTb OaTainKHi'13 h Apyii itjiaiiera irfeiOTO ' 



] panBHTiie Ha apMi>ni.*i,-in"t; pitCoTB H 
CMS iiiTt'ii.iu \xbni, peji'b tTarna B't/lpvrapi,, Aen h, Co II I 
jIhi'tl. a I'liHiha.-iiiii ;ia UjipiirpajuwiiT'ti :;,i»neTii iHTarejlH m< 
M'Bpu noKyneHTEJiHOTO HMi, Hajwwiemie B'b ejHa Ha ma KopocBCI 

llmi ir.ll. JIOHAOHT. Bl. [1.1 OBJlHBf KOTO I'llllcaHIIC HoBII Bpe 

I. bh. 1 ci-p. 19-99). 



;ctbo noTpeiiepa. Hst bchikht* r«pan ee KCTp*W 
. e^nin, oSmt BnK'b Ha ai>a6oK% BT.aiayT'b. Cauo m. 
Hijma, no HCTHCfleHimTa Ha fl-pi. K. HpewKa, cran** 
i afiojK>460 uapo.-'um mhthhi'h B'b nojiaa na frbarapert") 
i co6cTBeHHo h paaB-bpaa pAJcbrb ho Pycciia jut oi- 
BOflHa'ia, aamoTO 6f3T> BC.eo6tn.OTO eBponeiciro c'b- 
i Pyccitfl m'Kiiit na ce narbKHe ua Erfetofl bobs 
huihiiuh. Hi TOB8, Koero tiupoiia /lonycH* Ha PyccHfl, 
yccan we nc.ua jia flonycHe Ha EBpona. H ome iipa 
■mukii ycJIOBBfl! [lOBe^e orb cto \h.ui.iii apueHiiN cjio- 
>Ktix* cbohtb kocth bt. npocTpaimaTa rpooHHna — 
Typunn. CaMO m. flaapoeKHpCKHfl BHJiaero. HMa, no ac- 
HHCJieHHH'ra Ha ifipewKux Koury.-n, Met'tpc, HMa hckjibhh 
30 apMt'Htin h H3ropeHn ll'Jcejia. ') HliMame Beqe khk- 
bo ua ce cuacHBa bt. Ajimchmh aauioTo" — Ka3Ba noe- 

W VHJlbHM'b VflUOHb „CKOpO HOCJll!,1.HHfil"h OJlTap'b 1KB 
15*^* OCKBfpHfH'b, IIOCJl'BAHHTE .iTEBOHKB, JIHHieHH OT"h 
CBOfl Jl'hBCTBt'H'K tlBijTL H IIOCJl'feflHHTa, 01"b 1'Jiafl'b yKH- 

:na, MaftKa me np'bTbpHe i"b- HaebXHauiurB en p,Y.u,B, 

■ i l.yiiMH aatfJiaHt jrpoKb Kbub cbohtb cTyaeHewimH 

I'ApAH*, H KOiaTo0|ieHCKnfiTb nocjiaiitiHifb, Momefiejijio, 

C'tofHUMJl'b Hil KHH3h .[udaHOBa ilOApOOHOCTMTB 110 yjKBC- 

HH'i"fe KjiaHftTa Bb Myin'b, MHHMCTpvn. ua 8'bHKaiUHHTB pa- 
6qth Ha spHCTHaucKa h npaBocjiaBaa PyccHH oitobo- 
pHjrb ua (ppeHCKHfl nocaaHHHK'b, ie bchhko roea c*. 
,,iiu i<l<'(ils". cayvKU, Ha iicTHHHOcrbTa Ha kohto He ipi- 
6a jia ce aaaa ntJiHa BLpa! -) 

H«fl BiiA'Bxiie ae^e Bb MHHAJiaTa iJiaBa jiio6enHo- 

, kohto pyccKaTa npecca npaB'feuie ua TypmiH, in, 

who TOea filjuje cawo ejiuo cj[a6o exo na noiip'bHCKa- 

kojito pycotai'a AaiiJiOMaiWH AaBame Ha Typnua. 

iH.koji Ht>('iHiiK'b, kbto I/oeoe BfiCMX, 3aHBHBa, >ie 

i Pyt'cifH H'tiMa jipyra HanjioHajma nojtimiKa Ha Hc- 

ipia BT, tlCTOIliifi BTiDpOCI. OTT, A. L\ UaHOBT.. n.roB- 

\ 82. 

') Haaii'b'ietiHe nrfi. (ppescKftta le Livre jaune, paajaaerm bt, 
;kh(! nnp.'iaJteHTi, bt, w. Maprti 1897 (rji. Hobo B pente 
fc) T. I. kh. 3. CT]). 338. 



— 126 — 

TOKi> f ocB-fen^ no^xpHiaHneTO Ha ceramHHH pe;n> Ha fft- 
mara. jo KaTO He ce HaM-fepii KOM6(iHauufl ome no clo6- 
pa^Ha oh HenHHrt iiHTepecu*, *) to e caMO. 3auioro Ha 
c^meTO MH'feHHe 6'buie h pyccnaTa ^nn-ioMa^HH. Hn 

BHJ-feXMe Bl> MHH^.laTa r.lHBU. KaKBll ca HefiHurfe no6j"3K- 

jeHiiH, a Frb Tann r.iaBa ja BnjHJTb Ha KpaTKO jiin.io- 

MaTHHefKHT'fe JOKVMeHTH. KOflTO [IOJTB'bpJflBaT'b Hail'b.IHO 

ceri;ruHoro TypKO«t>n.i.cTBO Ha pyecKaTa OHn.iOMaufiH. 

11a jpyrmi jeHb. citib upoqyTHrfe CacyHCKii K.ia- 
Hera, aHr.i»ticKniiTi> .isioepa.ieErb Ka^HHern Ha -lopja P03- 
oepn np-fej.uira ja ce ticupaTH eBpone^CKa kommik-c&ih »tl 
aHiuiiHCKU. pycoKH n iJ)peH«:Kn je.ieraTH ja Fi3c.rfcj,Barb 

TVpOKIITfe 6e3MUHHfl B~b Ma.'M A3HH. KHH3b .lo6aHOB F L Ce 

ci.r.'iaoflBa ja HcupaTii ejitHt je.ierarb. kojto cano ja 
HpftupliM'nmi jpynirfc jBaMa je.ierarH. l ) Cj'&meBp'fcMeiiHO 
aHf.iflficKoru npaBHTe-iCTBO H3paooTBa npoeKTb 3a pe- 

<)jOp.\IH BT ApMetfHH. H'h T03H IIpOeKTb 6tLTh MHOH) HIII- 
pOKi,, T'hrt KaTO B'L HeLO Ce [ipfej.BH3KJ.a-T a tl3BTfcCTHa 

ahi'/HOiiMfi 3a ApMeHHH. Taan hbtohomhji ce npocTnpa.ia 
no r rrn Ha rrLia Ma -la A3HH. H.3.1HU1HO e ja roBOpbft 
tvk'l .ja i'.vTLM«'Tu 3Ha^eHne Ha upoKapBaHHe KOpeHHIl 
|i*:if)Op.\iH ri'i, ApMeHHH. J.ocrarb4Ho e ,ui ce Ka>Ke. qe 
n»- nn.'/K'i. Typriafl iipfmyjeHa ;ia ja.it ubtohomhh hj 

ALil'^ri. T'j ■:':. I'.'&a «;*r i.'bKpaTHBa JHOtiHO H OiRTH 3il 
A'S.4.i.iriA':'Vi -i •'/!'" HoJlWii M 3a M;iKeJ« UIHH. Hoc -Tfe,IHHTa 

on '",>...!. j -:.!\!'i ::■:.,:}.■«■•■■:, ii=i h1?k< ■."]["»»■' >rfeceua. Ob .ib.iro 
.: /!■■•»!•. vn. i- :«ff.:W I v .'0 '.'iTivp'L 4>paHK'b .lece.ieci .. UH- 

V \A.\-.\\\\ii ..■■i , .I «.-: : *"»:. ': #!■ i I'.' ! "epc/'Vprb, '.' LuOIUtJBa Ha 

•::« h .I,;.-.. ■ : o. . «•.■[..:: K--.\h «'■«..■.;.-- jl. mh .luoaH^b'b mv 3a- 
i:. ■:,,.!..•■"..■ .■■£!'-■. . - > :p>«_»* ■ :i""i' - ' .io.;.i>u «.'i:'.'Oiiii upfeiiJiVine- 
■:■:;;: .<;■ . .iM'.H'::: i' p B'- .Ui.u A. : -;:>. ■ • r-- :;imito me ce 
•..•'•[.■.■oy'ia "-.Iv.a'a Ha o.K i.,¥tii.;i. iu .:.M«;-:icKO He3aBUCHJi0 

,Li . ■ ■■ i.. :■ .■ m i. M.i;-- ■• -" . : v. 



1 

■ .1 



: « ■ - -.. •.■.•?p*.«Bi)JL'l» t'b 



AHIMHflclVHi". , .' ,! . N ' : ' ^ '• - - ■' i i - ^.-i' I,: 1 .. Tutu ;.ivi.'i;.i- 
l|) H .10 K a i»'iii--| M ■■.'■:' •:- J . ". s . . . -I ..,-.., mi, ;:> u;i eiUHb 

aHiMo-pya-KM •■..^". »'■• » ■•• »■■■■■«■ ■■ -i- .,. ..,.- . ; , - ;| IIIl4e j.. 
miM'fe B'b C»J nil i .; » -i ■ • : • ■ ■ .* ■■ . ■; ;,.,.,.-., .. Me B3f ^ 



HapCTBO, a PyccHH He me ce cbrjraeii h He nonce Jta ce 

ci.rviacH iia tobu" ') 

Toea ce 11 |i:inf3npa, Ttfl Kaio cta/wBaHHeTO Ha 

>ui;i iK.i.iHut-HWii ApMeHHH, in, Majin Aaafl, hh rpaiimia- 
ra Ha pycCKHTli apueHCKH oojiacrn. me ycmm n Meatfly 

■ < \in i L [lyccKii (i|>Mennn HajieiKjiarB h rli nie nnwcKarb 
i ;i <•<■ ocuo6imiR'i"L DTi, ]iycnioi'o nro. Tobh e cbcto npaBo 

na bcbkh nopo6f>irt> wapoa'k. - Tooa e eaeTO npaao » ua 

pyccKHfh apMenuH, Hi. cano ri.fi c Hajiemama Hyaena 

■ ; -i BCB1KH TJipillill H BJia&'BTtMlH Ha l iyjKflH HapujiH fla 

. i.OHIlal I. BCH4KW UpOCTeHH (I HCIIpOl'TeilH Cpt.AClBa, 

L'l.pHCffiT'h HUcrB/iHFIT'S WlJCb KpaH.'l I'll. III. Hi 1 

T-yirii e u ; HiHHai'a aa He3a/ioBo.ieTBHe'ro Ha kh. 
[ofiauoBi on, apMt-iK'Kura hbtuhomiis. Hhh, Giaraperb, 

*tMa>ie (I. CTOTHHH XMJIHflll HalUH CLOT* 4eCT Be HH 111(11 

il ".i.i. pycCKOTo Hl'o, h'i., ai;o iia \(BB3h JIooaHfiBX ce 

[lr UI] t'.UJe fla HH OCBOfiOflflBH BTOpK [JATTi, TOfl 6u Guji'i. 

■ HpOTHBI, HalllaTil tlBTOHOllllfl. ETO H COOCTBCHH HT'G 

HfiToBH, MHuro3n;i'iitre.iiiii ,iyMii. 

i'i, TeJierpaMMa li'l-b 13 Kiiiiift 1895 Cj&p'b Opanin. 
•lecejun., khto noATBipauBa omono pa3i'oBopa im ,'U<- 
Ssaoaa orb 4 ioeihA, iipoawnKaBa: 

J'yiTiin me bh^h, na3a HeroBO np-feBtcxoa- (hh. 
JiaSa hob'u) n, GJiaro;iapiiocTb pe<popj«ii, iipwjiaraitH 311 

.rit. tiOJiaHHHLl.il Ha t-yjiTaiiii, in, th uo uio ce C'b- 
MacM 3a CT>3i[.'iBaHneTL> 11a e.ina Teppin'0|jiia, ci.r [;.i.im ri, 
MiMaTa rpiiHHLia, r/iliTO apiieninrrfe on ce rirwiayBiiJiH 
L "t' iirKjnn'MiTi.'.inii iipHBH.'ieriiH — in ifiaiiiiumcaio r.h.nki- 
'»""".- <n> M'l.m Ainu hit i-iIhii dpyiti lr<,.u>ij»<x'"i 

Ha 8/20 loiiufi KafiinieT'LT'b Ha JIop/ui Cojiafiepa 
MAilA, M-fecroTO mi l-Tioiur-j i.H.-n, in, »Kipe.'in , L-0{pHi'. ,, i., 
B3P CojiaOepa. riowit.AHHfirh ce ci.rjiai'HBa ;;a ce ii3UBiin 
m-pBonaiajiHHH ii;iairb 3a pi*r|n>|uin n ;ia ce Bh3siot«a 
aa 'rpHMaxa nucjianuinni bi. Ii,a|mr|ia;ci.. n:i|iauoTBanai.Ti> 

LIS '■ I.IIH'L HOBL. (.-,¥, I HOliJi'lilieHilu, KUIt.VL . IfiUiillulVI, ,|:ili.l 

IwMsia na nocjiaHHiiKa fft LL.apHrpajrb, Hojiajioaa 

'i Turnej BIug Busifc, (As ! Fevruar lS9t>) p. 73, 
'J Ibid, (Te.'ici|>uM.ii:i ut'l lumirt 13); 



■ 



,fla He othba bi, n*.TH Ha pt-ipopiaHT'fe junoro aaJie<H..*' 
3iimo Pvcchh ce iipoTHBu Ha cepnoann petpopun in, 
Typmm? OeB'BHT. aec'LMHiidHOTo HiejiaHiie hh I 
an aoji/bpata TypuiiH, wnbuh cjiyiailmiH (paKTh, ne 
pftpopMiirls me ce njinJio)KAi"b Ha apMemiHTl;, Pyccnii 
una ome h apyni npaiHiiH n,a lie hckh pe<pOp«H in. 
Typiym. HInpoi(n nopeiiHn ite(pii|j«H ut> Typaaa, kohtu 
6h aaJiR uiiipoKi, jiocT.Mii. na xpHCTHaHerfc ao Boa'bHHe- 
to ua jT.'i.pataBHnT'B pa6oTH, 6~n cmjouui.'Hi ua8'tscr«w 
ycTLifl4HB0CTb ua Typiiaa, a tobs e omchho, iioctO Hafl- 
HHoro He nce^ae Pyccan. 

OtjJJlUH03HHT'fe pyCCFtH B'iiCTHHI|a nphltpHBa'J I. ailTlt- 

pt'ipopMaTupcuaTa pyccna nojiHTHita iioat. rpn«tarn, ko«- 
to PyccKH BaewaJta ;ia Typnaa m b*v samm-nna »oti 
oicnH'iaTejiHO'iTj pasopenne h MepKHHT0;maT;i eitciuioaTa- 
11.11K, ua kohto i*. iioaxB'bpjia peBHOCTBTa h;i aaiiaflMH- 

ffl ,|ltll.;innaTM H (pHHaHCHCTB, KOHTO Cf HA1ATI. 

i|)i>|)Mnpan. TypuHH na aanaaeH'b MaHHepT)".') It.i.nimn 

■ ■ roiiopH mri., <te HMeinio uinpoiiOTo yiacTHe < 

xpHCTHaHCKOTO HacejieHae bt, yupaBjieHFieTO Ha TypuMti. 
fm Mownjio aa aaiUHTH -rypcKH-TB doabhhhuh orb fi« 
n.B'bcTHara eKcn/ioaTariim, on. kajvbto u ua eae ■ 

n mi'. i.TU/ioisairviHU, lie nlsKaKBO iichpt'HUO (KCJiaiiHe I 
Pyccufl ,ia nauiuTu Typmm orb B-buiiatUHaTa ckciijioi 

T11HHH Klipa Hfibfc fiU Ce DpOTHBH Hi! IUHDOKH pfMpOp] 

a flpyTH Miiuro no npoBaiiiecKH 11 cAineBp'tweHHo eroi 

i in 'ii iic i j ,i, i i'ii ii 11. Hi. csuiHocTfa, canal's pycci 

i si.iuua i' no ornpoaeaHa orb otpnuHoamrlg 11 

ii.ii. |pu. KOirro aaryjiHri. ct> jiobobi. jihctt> Hfurbpetfiw 

< ii I inir ii|'l,tu iv .-i.i -m .i.Mi'c.'Tb t'OAHHH iipovyniu pyr:< 
■ i. IIuihi jlh Bopro, krto OTHfle, nocjiaumfi 

■ ii.ii. i ' i|inui'i.uM Miip'i- (1829) &h II:i|iiijk'1„ 
,Ht pBTOpT. I liii.n i;ui I ,-r w'.|,t.n In. C .KmecTByBaHM 

'ii- l\|in,i>i n. in;. i .u'LiTi. 11.11 OT-b i|ll[31iqeCKa II I 

i'.i.'m.i .-iii.i, i. mi. i Mima iiliixb ao cera a, > 



'i I'. |i n.i >■ 

|iiii|,,.i.. i »p1 'I'n ■ l.V|.ii 

18V ■ i- 1 l I 1 " 



■I Ipry, , ii i;,, ■ ■ 



< y.'iTiiiii, MaxKyj-L ycir&etue ,'ui npottapa no-patio, bchi- 
Kin-fe ejieMCHTH h:i CBoa peipupsinTOpcKH nJiaHt, tobs On 
HaiijjaBH.io Typn.ua HenpHCrsnHa 3a Hach h eTO 3amo 
mi., pyccerfe, Moscewb /[a nu3ApaBnM'b caMH ce6e en, ve 
npu6 r LpaaxMe k HanaflHAXne Ha Typnnn, np-fcflH th #a 
i i:iii" "iiacaa 3a naci. - "'). 

Ilono an Bopro roBOpH rym, 3a noxo/ia na fliifiH- 

i 3a6ajiiraHcKti npOTHBi. Typnn« (1S2S), koBto, «1ih- 

uiTi'jiHo, iiapa.'iuaupa pivtpopMinopi-KifT'li j-uhjihh Ha 

Vfaxuy^a, aaxBaHAni ci. HCTp1;6BanHeTO na HHHHepcKa- 

l opja. Hail Tyiri. He HCicaae /ta ct> Biiymame bt. Bi,n- 

ica, Aa Jin cawHTS iyjni.ii noma On aa ce npHcnoco- 

("i ichMh eupoiiffici.'H pefpopmi, in., Bb bcbkhB cny- 

i rlixno'rii iipoitapBaHHe hi. Typu.ua Geme on. nafi- 

:l. KBTepeCt 3a xpHCTHaHCKHT* H<ipi AH. Tt> ,'I.:i»;1X,>; 
*HT> IIOTHKT. KT.MT. TEXHOTO paSBHTHe. 

^a"i;ri;>t[in'cjiiiii r, ie hbuta I'JiaBHH pe(popnaTOp- 
■ n.i.i na TypuHa: I'lOJixaiicKHflri. Xaxn-1 1 1c|>ih|i i. 
H3nnara) on, IS;!'.) r. HoeMBpHH '■'• t\ Xarn XyMas> 
I, E856 i. Ot.xrti. nptntapaHH no nataHueio na 3a- 
. EBpona, a ne Pycciia. iTbpBiiH orb rfeSH aicroBe 
a frbJiraperfe in. in. HKOHOMHiecKa caMOA'feflTiMnocTb, 

gtOpBfl — ICbMI. peJIHrH03HO-tlBT(IHOMHa. 

npOTHBIMHUTO lia PyCCHfl Hil IIIHpOKll lliijIHTime- 
KH pe^JOpMIl IipOH:iJIH3H Utue Oil. '101)11, 'ie HOCJTiiHHBTfc 

i BftHB KpaiKa k'i.mi, it'i.3MoiKHo-i'o, mu/iho paapmuetme 

Hctoihhh BT.npoc'1.. M, iiancTiiHa, ano Biepa CTatrfe- 

; ApMeitHH aBTOHOHiia, bko yrp-fe cf.uj.eTo ce cjiyiM n 

. MaiteA'JHHB, aim npcijiHBirrfe 0*A*T'b nenTpajiH3H- 

, a na TypqiiH ce ocraBH e^Ha HBHua l'l ll,apn- 

— KOHTO C'b Hl'HTpa-lHUMpaHHCTO Ha ilpOJlHBHTB 

BcbKHKB*> 3nait'Hne — cb roBa ce npiinjuoiBa 
Hctoihuh BT.ripoc'1.. 06a L ie, una npaenMT. chTBTKaTa en 
6esi> PyccHH, kohto no HHKata.B'b nannm. He nana Aa 
n'liv'in.' iiciibJiHeHiiPTu hhto Ha op,m orb ropunrfc Tpn 
. MiipHOTU pa3p r BineHne Ha Mutohhhh B^iipocb ot- 
i Pyccna ri.Fi iKCjiamiaTa ffbaMOamocTb Aa Baenie 



dalist Policy ,mh the Armenian ( 
rat] p. 42 - *3. 



i etc. I'l'liii So- 






iipojraBHTfc B't. cboh pAu-fe. H Tfl,pas6npa ee, 6esT. ocofi* 
ho, anomaoTBG 3ii nea CTeienne iia oficroHTeJicTBaTa , lie 
me ce oiuaate orb ..lautTHaTM en iieiTa*. 

HaoDattH, i;i. BHTepeca Ha PyeciiH e aa HMa 1 
HeTOK'i. iioctorhhii pii3j,opH, ueapeaaiiH, KJiaHSTa. Tosa 
b& npaBH BceBJiiidiejiiia. 3a Jiiiue th Moace aa QTiiyciie 

HliKOH MHJlKa JietpOpMil, H"b, HMeHHO, 'I'aKaBft, KOHTO lie 

fin acKopemijia aaapxjwrra. 

ToBa ca, BiipoieM'h, hcho ri3naBa h otl apuem- 
hhte h MJiajioTypum"t. ITocji'Isahht'e bi. Cboji opraax 
Meehveret (<pp«?hcko naaaHne) (npoxpeeb), hi. 6pon on 
1 /teKt'MBpHii 1897 r. hjibbhbhxa, ie pyceKOTo npami- 
Te^cTBO nwa upaB'i. HHTepecb aa itpoflTijJMtaBa xaoea bi. 
Typnan. C*mo'ro, cl ume iio-roji'KM;) uoflpoGiioerB, ro- 

BOp'BXA OUie OO-paHO apHeHCKHT-t) pt'BliJIiOHHOHepH BI, 

gbou opiaHb X^wwihT. (Ka»6ana_), B'b Gpon oi"b 1 J\e- 
t-;t'.'.i£ij)Uii 1895 r. 

Hi. e MaJiKHT* pe<popmi, iiohto [lOAtpwa Pycci-m 
aa Jiaue, He 6a ee npoKtipajw bt, Typmm, ao KaTO ep-fe- 
my cy;rraHa He ce ynoTpijfilime ciuia, tlh khto cswu) 
roll, KAcorjiej-b (JjauaTHK'b 11 Hea-BHta; He ncita aa iye 
sa Hafi-MajiKa pecpopwa art, a'bpjKaBai'a ch. Ofia'ie, TyWj 
iiaKi, ce HBHBa ycJiyacJiunaTa pyccna annjiOM.TUiin, ROBTO 
ce HCjtaBDa npOTiisL bcbko yuoTp r h6eniie Ha ciuia cpls- 
my TypuHB. B'b rop'BiiojieiiaTa'ra Bene rejierpaMMa on. 
4 K)nnfl 1895 r. c-Rp'b Jlecejicb HBBtcTHBa, ie JIoSasOBJb 
M$ aaoBBJVb ,MHoro OTKpOBeHHO, Kaia. toh ne Hawupa 
aa Heo6xoanMo, aaste ano cyjmHa OTXB'bpjiii npoCHTa 
Ha TpiiMara ii<jc;uihhhhh. aa ce npiiG-fcraa no DpaHyan- 
TejiHH iilipKH hjw aan.iaiuiiTejiHM ayiui". Camera ce 
iioBnipH a B'b MHom flpyrw TejierpaMMH. Ct. CMtpTFra 
Ha Jlo6anoaa aofiae 11a Hep mo m-bcto LLbmiKiiin>. lb, 
TyKi. My e m'Ectoto g.n. iianoMHiiMi, s,yunrtt hb IIhkoj 

", KH3aHH Ha K,7HMt_HTil: „A.ri. i'I.M'I. U.'UU'l- MIIHHCT- 

hob'].. in- ii<jj]BTHnaTa mh e ciapa*. H, a"feii- 
•BHTejiuo, nimjjKHHb, na up'bii,ju''JKi')HneTo hu 1 lojiaGepM 
aa ce ynoTpliijbv.Ti. uoepcimiBHH M-fepKii, ano Typmin c 
■Kaate on, petpopMH, nTroBnpiun, iia 20 <u;tomhphm 1896, 
,yiioTp'l)6enneTO 11a iokbhto h ah iipHHyaH'i'e.'ina iilip- 
' Hu npomtttiHu Ha II. 11. l.lL'.Mi'K-i-nio napn", 



ripn rfe3n ycJioBHH oicHHaiio, e ie aitapxiiHrn 

'ypHHH me npo^i.i-iiK'.iiiH. XpiinTianerft me nnnyKTi. flo 

sedeca. EBpona, napajianHpnaa ott, ctnpo'THBjienHeTO Ha 

PyCCBH, U 6t!3CHJlHH aa HM'I. rio-Morae. Kofi OCTBBft? 

„E,nnHCTBeHOT(t cpbaci bo fla ce rypa eauin- apaS, 
h nil in- iro3HaTHfl Bfqe ihhobhhkt. bt. Honor BpeMx, e aa 
i-H dctbbh Pyccafl cff.u« aa a^acTBymi iiji h j,j. cyjiTaaa, 
aa uojiyna dttj Hero eamn. at-Kperi., ip-fesi. koAto ae- 

nOCp"feflCTBeHnflTi. KOHTpnJi I, nil PycCHfl me OIip'Bfl'fejIH 

. TOHiiocTb no HaTan.uiHHT'B ycioBiin 3a c*mecTByna- 
neio aa Typn.HH" 1 ). 

Eto Kam> caHaTB pyecaa aH.njioHanna, bhcoko, o. 
uym,. acnoB'taBa cbocto imoa'BHctbo. PycciiH ocraBH — 
ie! Hliino noseie: th nofltpHtaiiie, nacbpa'iaBaine -cyjt- 
i hckojih cm xn^HflH apjieimn, aa aa name aa 
noJiyia on EBpona ri'i.juKmoiuncTo aa ce pnciiopeiKaa 
.caMa" CL caaOaTa Ha Typiuifl- C*miiTa Taan PyecHH, 
KMTO aa eamn. 3auyu]eHT> npoaopemi, B'b „cbcthtb 
icfecm" , in. HepycajiMM'b, BOa'feme Bofiaa, aHeCb ct> apbB- 
paaocTb rjieaame Ha ncTp'tiCmanKeTo hh eanH"b 
. xpHCTHaHCKH Hapoat. TyK'b, npit aacaara cb^tjih- 
mmsjihttj apueHcKa ce/ia ji rpaaoBe, im ni.t, 
tacitaTa hm xpHL-THaaCKO 6jiaroiecTHe, t"b kohto ce [10- 
KpHBame oipjmnajTHa Pyccnn a OTBpaTiiTejiaaTa ii ahb& 
i aaaaTCKa (parypa ce BBflBa b'*> ni.jinaTa en uaatnaa 
•MOTE. 

Hi) HiBHa Moa'BncTBo B'l. cBf.Ta, kocto ;[■■< no Ha- 
1 c boht6 aflBOKaTH, ii a;i.ROi(;iTinii Ha pyccitaTa flHiuio- 
m^i^ti. ce aa onpaBflaH&'n. iioseaCHHeTo H ci> 
iOctobt&jictboto, ie apMeneaoTo aBiiateiiHe 6hjio a"bjio 
BHTJibhckht'S HHTparM. Tumi, pasGtipa ce, e aaana 
J4eBera, kskto Ot.im? iiH3aa KJieBeTa, ie 6/ ui rape koto 
.3|>:i/!fa;tBire 6iijio ji/tvio aa PycciiH. Me hckh tyhnaham 
, kukto Pyccafl eKcruioaTBpanie (Vb.'irapcaoTo aBaiKe- 
, rbfl cj&mo ii AurJiiiH, aHecb, HCaa aa ce BT)3noj[- 

d crnrBH pyocacHHH pyc<'HOi(>ifjic!ii! b. 3aKO«- 
l 'iHTarejiHT'li en mi kjilxhiirphb. HanpaBO otti 
hi. Uapiirpiui., r. YieimtioBi,. Cxm&fa crunW 

;i'li'!l. p)'MA.HI'i;ilH pyi'l'CirlHMT,. CVJfKM [' 'TJI, 



ayBa 3a cboht'e n'b^M, ja aanyuiH aaaaTCKBfl iiati. hi* 
PyccHfl aa U,apnrpaa - fc T on. apMeacKOTo. Ht> tobu Htnta 
bi, RafflBHHS cjiyiafl mi Haft MaaKo sHateBae aa BBCfc. 
•SaKTbri., kohto unci, 'ywacHBa, e, ie PyccHH c« 
nojeoAtiea 3a iiocth ramie™ Ha cboht'e u'bjiii aa noa'bp- 
wa h HactpflHaaa Heny-Bami ajiojrfcHHHH. 1.'.t1:,i , i. TGM 
kdh 6ajiK3HCKH HapoA r i> Mome aa ciara eefte c« Bb 6oeo- 
nacHOCTb? Koe lOB-kmuo c&mecmo 6h ce nyBCTByBa.in 
CHrypHO bi. p.K.u.-fej'B aa eaKH-b KaHH6ajn,? *;n;i i.rt. 
cax'b no ce6e ch e rpo3eHT», cTpHuieHi, hh to ft ei 
ome no cTpauieH'b aa aacb, KaTo iiomhcjihh'i., 4e yipl, 
PyccHH no3Ke aa uanpaBu ei. ji;lki-ai'»kuhtg, c-b Hac 
TOBa, KoeTO HaiipaBH B*aepa ci. apueanBTb. H, HflacTBHa 
He e jih Ta, CTiUiaTa pyccua aHiuiOMniiHH, kohto Kapame 
up'fean 1- roflBHH l-boh uc-bKorameH'b npiiHTejit, cysTa. 
Ha, ah oKyitapa HcTOiHa PyueJiHS? 

Kofi Moate ume aa aammuBa noaoSHa ejuia jimi- 
jlOMamifl? Kofi me noenie hii i"i.BBCTLTa ch TeacKara 

OTTOBlipHOCTb lip-feiT. HCTOpHHTa KOHTO JieiKil B'bpxy 

T03H HOB-b HeayiiTUKH opaeHT>? Flas-ETc ce OTT. Br"ft[;a 
co^HflapHocib Cb Ta3H npaBoc.iaBHa HHnieptma opaa! 
Uas'BTe ce aa lie ch naMOKpoTe pAirBrfe ct> Kp'bBbTa na 
XHJiHAHTh- yAntii apMeHCKH MJiaaeiimil llaa'BTe ce, as M 
bh nonp'bCKa icjioto no^Ka sa CMaaaHwrr. qepem ji;i 
apMSCKHT-fe c'rapnrj h mesal 

Hi. np-BCT*.riJieHneTO Ha PyccHH e ome no noaopao, 
Tn nnccb iip-fecjitflBa apMeamiT'E, crtat uaTO ni hsmsmm, 
HSTbra H ii3Hrpa. PycCKHTfe aaiynTHimB tip's acTHBHTb 
apuegcKOTO £BH5Kenne aa eaua .aiirjiHHCKa ninpnra". 
KaTo aaBpaBjfrb, kjh>thhi;h'I"I3. 4e name to a aa e anech 
aHrjniftcua HKTpara, to e caiio, cjrhn-b ioto 6'ferae 
uanpt.a'i> pyccKa HHTpnra. II, naiicTHHa, He BeaHT>m> 
PyccHfl e H'i,.iny>!i,i.'ui:i ii Hac'bpanaBajia apMeiimrrb npo- 
THB-b TypiinH a 1 [epcufl, ApMeHUHrfc 6-txa m.pBnrl; 
xpacTHaHe noab TypcitOTo Henocp'feacTBeHHo uni, orb 
ycjiyrarb Ha kohto Pyccan ce BT.cno^syBa. 

Ome npn napnu,a Ahhh typcKOTO npaBureaeWft 
y.10811 leTii apMeHCKH aoGpoBOJiu,n, ci. pyccim ■ 
pycciiH nacnopTH a nHCMa, kohto iioitaaoax^, ie c* bt, 




who, npa 

AOHAOXK 






Ch nun i-i. rypcKOTO npaDHTejiCTBO 1 ). rio I 

I IwtojiaH, ii. i iioMomi. en 0acfteBH4a EpHBancKH jiohaoxj 
jiecL'Ti. XH.iH^ii apiaeHciCH ,'i.oCiprjBuJiHH, B'Lop*)KeHH i 
cirBTKa hm M r i,HaCTnpn E t !Mena3HHT' (Hnxo/uHin> ce Torawi 
Bt. Tlcpi'iifl) ii nptflBost/iaHH ott. c.aMHH ninpnapx'b 
Hepce^i. V. Pycciia u61iiuaj[a ita apMeHmrrii Hc-aaBHCHMO 
..ApapaTcno ttHHHtecTHo". ,,VIna ii1u<o;iico aecHTKn toahhh, 
Ka3Ba cv B'h eflHa apMeacKa npoKJiaiian,HJi on. 1885, 
ItaHT. pyCCKHTB flecnOTH Hll Ofi'BTIiaXS, C'L cboh noflnncL, 
BfiBaBHCNocTbTa Ha ApapaTCKara crpaHa; t1; ce 06'fe- 
maxA, /j.a BT^eTaBOBHTb cTapaTa Kohcthtyuhb Ha Ahi 
ii Barapaxnaai., TExaaTa cjiaBa 14 rfexuaTa BJiacTb; cere 

T"E BGffJlO OTplt'lIlT T> C06eTBeHHHTB CM flyMH U HaH-feCTC 
6jrBCTHlil.ll 06'BIH,ElHHfl T'B npHSaBHTb K'I.M*b pa3BaJiHHHli 

ua Ahh pasBiijiniinT'ti Ha HaniHTfc coucTneHan ynajiHma") 1 . 

Hi. Pyccua He ce naAOBOJi" caMO fla HBjrbate ap- 
MPHUvni;, (yrfeai. Karo en nocjiyiHB ct. tbxi. aa aaaoeBa- 
HiieTfi Ha EpHBaHi>, ne ce saaOBOJiii aa ni ocTaBH ua rn 
KOJibvri. bi. Typmin, H'b ou],e ni np'BCjTEflBa h Bt Pyc- 
cKa ApMcnHfi. ito nail np'ht'Hn cbbabhhh pyccKOTO npa- 
Bine.icTBri e cnpfejio apMCHCKiifl BiicTHiim. bij KaBftasi) 
J/iiliuKtHn aa „Bp-Bjj,Hrj HanpaBJieHHe" h 3aTBopajio 
apMeHCKH yqmiHma 1 ). 

H3u6mo neqyBaHOTO iioBtvteime 11a Pyccsin Ha He- 
TOKt np'feAH3BHKa BeeoSinoTo eBponeficsto BusMymeime. 

IIpoTHBTi HOI* npOTBCTHpaXA 14 HBH rOJiaMHTB h npuH- 

tc-jih tia 3anajri,. Eto itaiiBO mimeuje roji'EMHH 1 
hhctl. 11 napTHaaHHHi. Ha <l>paHKo-PyccKiia in-maT., Aupw 
PoiU(|io]i-l, R'i. JYIntransigeant, on. 13 Mapn. 1S97: 

.On. ippamiyscfta Tuqua sp'Euiie hm:i e,a,Hin> B'bnpoc'b, 
hohto Hcn r i.KBa ua itefiocK/ioHa 11 koBto, ano He 6*ae 
pa3p'E4iieHi 3 bi, cMMC'bJih-ra «a BwiaiioAyuiHeTO 1 

me XBT>p.iH eflHHi. CTpameHi) CMyrb bt. cbb'B- 

1735) B, EBpoiiw Ob- 

') Tfl, Hatuaia crapmr: La Question d' Orient el le Parti 
iJiotu international (III ai'lidc). [,;i Petite Repuhliquo 16 Avril 
1897. M 7672), 

") L'Armenif 1/13 MapTi 1898 (Londoa) M 113. 



-134- 



THTfe aa iiarniiH itapOAt: b< m]ioci.ti. 38 

(■Jl'liflPTBHJI OTT, HillUHH CTiKRlO, Cb PyCCHfi. — PyC( 

nanjionaxB Be-fenora cs MH!iyi;aJiH aa ua^apeHH ct> ea 
roJi-feino .lyKaBCTBO; uponee, TB-bpAis e B'baMOHfHo, ne c 

CTCMaTlt'ieCKOTO B'I.:Wl>pJKaHlie US pyCCKMH Tiapb, I'.Tl'.. 

f!,iaHeraTa B"b IJapHrpafli,, HaH'b, jInap6eKiip'i. h Tp 
iieayHflij, ujrfcjBa bi. e,n,iiH'b miaHT^ Ha yci.Bi,praeHCTfl 
Hani. MaKHHBejiH3M-b. — PycCHfl naBa na cyjrraaa ftflffl 

BHA'b m,JIHOMOIH.HO, IB.OTO 1031! KJieTHHITb, Bl^fiyAe: 

orb MupMUMura Ha K[ii.Bi,*r<i, aa noma, no kbio bahi 

UTi. nOAHHHeHHTi Ha HCI'OBUTO IKiTp-fcfilin. IUO HTG i 

pruu ce |i'l'.nni fla ro unpen. — Torana i.iapbTi. ce hbh 
i iipaBn riyfijinqiici cji'BAyfeY.LUCTO aaflBJit-HHe: .CJi'fe. 
:aro cera EBpona ocTaBH na ce Haieime Typmin. ipa 

THieCKH BCH^KHTt. AOrOBOpit Cffv CKStaHII, II IIHHilft 

kohbl'Huhh He Me criupa Beie fla Bi.pBHfi k*ijui. Il,ap 
rpafli." — HL Bchitn me npH3nae, v Hauiara cuftBHHi 
ci.3epo.aBti ci, okoto Ha e;iHa itpaBa, kohto rJiefla 
MHHyBa eaiiffi. Tpeat, ywacnaTa ebih, kohto ikioocji 

fThKh TOJlKOBa 8apa3H BTjBAyxa, mOTO liaCT.T.mi 'IVW 

K AuGp'B! HBfl KaSBaue: cnpfi Tarn,! . . ." 

Ilnfi (rbxMe Morajiif fla opHBeaewb ome ctstbh k 
HOHapxH^ecKHTi) bIsc'irhou (L'Autorit6, Le Snlcil), nan 
it an'*. paAHKajiHHi"fe (La Justice, La Lanterne, Le Ra( 
•al) a H3'i. con.Ha.nHCTJiHecitn'rK (La Petite Republiqi 
Le Peuple, Le reveil dn Nord), rA'hTo cmmara TeMa 
iHBa bt. no nc.Tpa h.mm bi. no Meita (popiia. 

Flpij^i. noc^BflitiiTa pyccno-Typcita boRhb, ii] 
roji'BMaTa nrHTamm no frbJirapeKHrt yntacH bi. AHrjiH 
iiMame mhoi-o anr.'i iiane, kojito B-fepfias* bi. HCKpeHHH' 
imm lijx'tuiM na PycciiH h w v noAT.pHta3cm. Cera 

riTl. I'liX'l. OTCjTbCBaTTi BC'BKil CO.'lilAiipilOCTb ct. Heh 

llaB-Hanp'lijvi, Hfle rjiaACTOHT., fiiiBimui „ro.rt;jn. pycci 
nptoi ri'.n. ." B'b paanHiMM iiHCHa toH Hana^a pyccua' 

EeramHa tiojiHTiiKa h, aemay npyroto, wb en vn, 

Mapn. 18'.)7 r., m BecTMHHCTepcKHH ayin, too HapH' 
HnKOJinn II. r.uun. MJinfli, loB-bta, 6eai. OHttTBOMI 



nri3H!iHnn, :i ir|tiinHTt'.in:-i'fiOTo iia itororo „e hhc 
irbJino neciiOTHiecKo"') 

IIocjrE Hfle GuBninfi pyccocpHJiCKH paaHKaJicKfi BTJCT- 
iniiu. Daily Chronicle, rffBTo bt. yBoflKaTa era-ruff, ott= 
30 Maprii 1897, mifl hptpmH) Cjit.jiyiff.moTo: 

,yi<npUB[lTl, I1H, ie CMC I'll H3M'GHHJIM IIOJIMTHfiaTa 

ftjrfe Pyccun. Ilnfl He npneMarde tobh yKopi,, aamoto 
iijinaTa H;i namaTa nojiHTHKa in.srb Apmphuh frkute mckr- 
HiieTri, moTii Airr.itin ;i.a pafarni aoctoAho h iiesaBHCHMO. 

Hi. HCTHHII 6, 4e IHlfl fl-EXMC IT1T0BM Oil I'jlH'J IK'Kpi.'Ulin 
Cl.BMCCTHO fl-BflCTBRt CI. PyCCHfl Ktm. nOCTHraHHeTO Hi! 

nOCTaBeiiaTa on. h;ici. n/fejib. 06aie, ejTBfl'fc krto nnii 
3a6 - feji'fe8asMe 1 4.e Pyccim Ham.;ino hjih dosth nanyCH» 
13*i(OB0;Uimn:"B ch uaiii.'ia on. 1876 n 1877, ie jkhboth 
• in xpecTiiaHCitHTB nojiaHHHiiM Ha ricipTiiTii e casio npaxi. 

»'l, ll1j3HHrB CpaBHItTCJIHO CT, HOHHBff CTpeiieJHI. Aa CTBHt 

t<j4H, yiuH ii jiio6e3eH'ii o.BkcHiiKi. na paa6ofiHHK3 (ct 

CVJITilH:i), /JO KaTO HaCJI-BvlCTBOTO HH HOCJl'EtfHHH yBp-fel 

pyccKHTa afbTBa a cji/fefft KaTO BHjyBXMe, Han cpth*, 
HeftHOTO iioBe,neHiie fib PkpUHfl, — hum St.XMe bi> m.Ji- 

»JOT0 CH lipflBO fla TbpCHM'l. 4pyi'H Cpf.flCTBH. , . . ,Toc- 

-i 1'1,-Uiii'i Ojira HoBintoBii iuia .nofipiinnTa othobo aa c 

«^B0HTa reHHM.iHii iiCTopun Ha Pyccnn, khto huh ro.rl;- 

-iMaTii ,eBponeflci(a * /vi.piKaBa. Hufi ce oohhtb caMO, 

"in me Tp"fe6ua Jia rtpen j.pyni uaaapb, 3a jj,a upowapa 

« -iimiTii croica. B'i. Afu'jjuh xopaTa cjrtifl'EXff. ci. rojituo 

"■"i.|iirIiHiie pyccifara nOjiHTwta h npa ToBa He ;ia(Vl;ji'fr 

s-kux*, moi'O PyecHH m npTJCJilsflBa jipyra nf.KOH afcjih, 

^JCBiurb TasH, jia ri.xpiiHH Typu.nn nljJioKynno, 3a jia i 

i lOJiyiH, KoraTO My ,i(ifi;ii; RpliMero, H'Ijjioto iiacji'tflCTBO." 

A b-l pyccKMTa npecca kskbo ce nHineme? .aa He 

■HfiCJiHTe Biifi, ip t;im'i, ce ocsffi.iaxff. TypcmiTE upon: 

taojin, h.th irih'L, 'ie t« gaiiniTflBame apMeHHHrfeP 

oahoto, hhto jipyroTo. Hafi bcic «H,n*fexMe, no^poCHo, 

Kam> pyccKara npecca 3amnTHBauie cyjiTaHa, 

Wpyi'a crpHHa CLHte.iHBaMe, m? Mi3CT0T>i hc hii iiosbo- 

JfHBa na npnBejiej.il. ctjithh, tji/Isto jj,a BHjiHiri. HiiTaTejiH- 

Russland nivl dif> e-iij-lisi -hen Badiralen, (Volwarts. Berlin 
!« 107}. 




— 136 — 

rfe, ci» u*aKi*Bi> 6'fecb ce HanaAarb apMeHUHTfe. Crara Aa 
KnHcein-., Me nwfi ne cMe qejiw Apyro H'femo no cpaMHO h 

nO HHHHHUO, IipOTHBT, eflHHT> HeBHHCH'b HapOA^i KaTO 

AWBiirfe h 3jio6hh (J)ofl.iOTOHH Ha Hoeoe BpeMR (JV2JM2 7074 H 
7080). OeitaeTOirbT-b, noarfecTeH-b bt> uocji'feaHHH HOMep-b, 
hoch 3arjiaBne: Be.wm ApMeuun do^Pocmoffb-ua-Jlom 
(KbAto apMCHCKama mpaia-KOMcdiui). Orb TOBa eAHHHKO 
cawo 3arjiaBHe miTa-rejibrb ce c/fenja, KaKBH 6e3cpaMHH h 

HH3KH JTbHCH, %e6emi H 6e3C , bB'feCTHH IIOAHTpaBKH, MOHCe 
JXR CbHHHflBaTb T^nOyMlin UpaBHTeJICTBeHHH BllCTHHKapH. 

H koio Hana^axA Tksn AeGejiaun? Eahh'i> HapoAT>, ko- 
toto cfcK^T'L bx Typunfl, KaKTo HHKora He c;r c£kjih 
B'b Haft vHcaciiHT-fe 11 HCT}vfe6HTejiHn BoflHH, — ycTaTa Ha 
KoroTO bt> PyccHH e 3anymeHa c r b lOMpyna Ha no;iHrjHfl- 
Ta 11 rfeaH MajiOAViniiH B-fecTHHKapn HanaAarb eaHHi> 
fiefrb M-fepa 3.iOHecrb HapoA'b, 6e3i> npHM-fepHO y6Hrb, 6e3t 
BcfenaKBa sanjHTa, Ha rviaBaTa Ha KoroTO e CTj&nHJTb 
eAHm> cy^TaHL w\> IJapnrpaA'b h Apyrn — MajiKO no 
Ha diBepx. 

Ha 10 OKTOMBpna 1888 r. no noBOA'b Ha e#Ha 
noM-fecTeHa B'b b. PyccKHu Kypbeph aaG-fejrfeiKKa 3a xa- 
peMa na cy-iTaHa, ueiisypa'ra H:-uaBa orb ropHHTa AaTa 
cahhi, unpKy.inp l, c-b Koftro ce aanpbTHBa 3a Hanp1*AT>t 
ofinapojBaiineTO Ha BC/fcb'aKBii iioaoGhh hobhhh. Ha 1 
Mapn> 1893 uensypaTa ncnpania btoph eAam* rjHpfcy- 
.lflp'b, rxfeTO HanoMiiH 3a m>pRH>i on. 10 Oktomb.^1888 r., 
i;aTO na3Ba, i ie h1>koii bbtthhuu, BTbiip-feKH Hero, np'fe- 
ne i iaTBa v iii H3i> hv/kam B-fecnnmn hobiihii sa nacTHHH 
vKiiBorb 11a ey.iTnua 11 cBbpniBa, ho B'b 6^A^me 110- 
,106110 ii-femo Tp'fefiBa erporo Aa ce ii3fvfcrBa 

Tfc3n nanp'femeiiiifl ce upaBii&TL 3a hobmhhh, no- 

Be^e Abinn)))nnHiij OTKO.lKOTO «H'K 'bpOHTtMH'tl 3a6'fejrfellCKH 9 

11 MH'raro.ibTb mo/Ko ;ia -.uuciRvm ori. tvki., He HecTeH'b 
r.iacb H'b inviaa na crpa/iymNTh apMemui ' bt> Pyccufl 
ne MO>Ke ,ia ce iia uirne. On. crpaim 11a Ge3HecTHa, 
npo;ut>Kna uiii.ioMariiMecica 11 o«|iiiuiuiaii:i Pvcciih R-bc- 
XBa.ieHiia na rypcKiirh ;uo.ihmui a hcvbhh no ~a;ipecca 
Ha apMemuiit^ BbcxBa.iemui u iicybiiu, koiito 3aMH- 

') MaTepiu.ni :lih \;ii»ai%ivpiKTii!;n p>ei-K. uoManir. 1. oTp. 66-67 



pan. Bcp-feai. Bceo6iqoTO JieaeHO rwwaHHe, kohto o 
bsttj Seal) BcfiKaii'bB'F. npoTecn. on. cTpaHa ua Her 
Ojiaropojina iipocB'hTeaa n ^ouoKpriTniecKa Pyccnn, eau- 

li'KL"!. Ha KOflTO II0CTOHHH0 BliCH MeiK,T.y flABTa KpBR3 

HeHsypHHrt irOJKMUI. 

, Toea, itoero «e n.iauiH icasBauie riaci.aJib 

to e iiiiiajniiiHMiira, SenM'wiBHa THiiiHHa Bb Meway- 
BfeaflHBTB npocrpaHCTBa" ToBa kocto njiauiH h Haci>, 
j,eMi>iqi-rrin"li, tobb KOeTO CMpaaflBa Kp'i.BLTa bi> jkjmiit-I; 
, to e r|Mi6aafl iiokoA, 6e3KpaflHOTO, KaTO ca6apCfca* 
iti iiriit., m i,,i'i,iinii', Kin'Td noKpuBii jvEJiaTa Ha pyccKOTO 
npjiHtiTi'M* tmo. . . Pjtcchh e CTpana, r,i'GTO anacTwa Be 
ocTaBii MaBKcTra ua oojiaie ct. rjiacb yfiHTBS orb 

I HeHH'l. CHHt. 

', kob ere bhh, o 6e3pa3cff.jj.HH xopa, kohto th- 

IiapOJIHTTl B'l> T03H OC'llT/MieH'l, I'pofit, 

rVre B'i, mhit. yeniiaerfc iiBTiTOK-b mwieBofl, 

Tfl-fe KopMHTCfl TJieHbOMi. '[epBfiK't rpo6oBoft? 

TI'i., vhh! Hnmo He me BT^BTipHe Ha apMPHCKHH 

ijri> hmto HeroBara m.pBa chjib, hhto trfeJiHOCTbTa Ha 

leroBnrfe HaaejKflH h iifleajin. ApMeHHal ropKa h 3Jio- 

!iieni;i ApaeiJHH, EvfcuHo jih ch th ocsfleHa Jia BjrfeHeim. 

nti\wiiTk na pofji'TBUTi", rjiana a no3opa? lift! H3T. se- 

, HaTopena ci. /KepTitMT'B Ha tboh Hapofffc, HanoPHa 

. HerOBHT'E CT>J13H II Kpi.Bfc, ID,e HSpaCTHe KJJOHietTO- 

> jfbj.B'i Ha cBo6oAa-ra, iioat. cnaeHTejiHaTa c-feHKa Ha 

I mi- Hilllllplflvn. HOAClOH-b BCH1KH HCTO'IHH HapOflK. 

^a, jj.a! a mifi ciie th iipB3HaTe.nHH, SjiaropoAHa hbuho, 

MJ13MT.D,HTTi. KOHTO CTOrlHXff. TBOPTO DJiai'OCbCTOHHHe, p"fe- 

"i Kpn.Bb, kohto yflaBFtx* tbohtb i-wnoae, me aajiH- 
iRTfc h noc.ji'B.T.Fiirrb curfe/m" hb pyccnoTo BJiHHHHe hr 
[ctoicf.. rjiatniTb ua KasiSaiuriii, kohto HCopoBaseflaDtG 
HiTB yMp"t.in, f)t.!in.' ciirnajiT, aa HameTO npoSyjKaaHHe 
. hbh raynaBOTo n c^meBpfmeHHO Hafi cpasino po6y- 

I HB OIVl'kilHH HCTOpHIPCKH .,ul. , HOf)OAHTeJIHH" i C"bOH- 

:. aaaqeHHeTo aa kohto ,tt.jkjihbo en nwrnysaxMe. 



TjiaBa A^BeTE 

PyCCHH B1> KpHTl. 



LKo-TypcKaTa eoJlHa. — OTroBopHoeThTS h ntyiacmero 
- Hefinnrb iKioymaeHUH p.a up'KiiiaiiiiKEn FioflHiiTa MevKAy Ti 

h r'bpuHH. — Bi. (lyi'r.naTii oifiimwoaHu npecca aimo 
rpiincKOTn Hit rji'hunfiTii iisvrpin-iTii'ro<rKO (H'Ein.ii- iiun ihh-1 ;iftir.KeiiHe. 
IIojioOho nopan;eHire e nymHo sa ycH-iBaHHeTo Ha uapcKara 
nh PLpnim ji BT,3CTannu.i)iBaHJieTn Ha pyceitoTO i.<.iiiiiiiii<- hh 
tokt.. — .Umi.tniiani'iecKirrli aocTibUKH h.t Pyccwi ia ucyo™ 
ko Miiprro pnap*nienne h:i Kpiti'cKiu? Binpocb. — PaaoPTfaia 

'>i|illllll;i. Tl; pyiTKH KJl.V.l'DFK.' ()TT> lia.IaHHf.'TO Ha JiiipUCCfl B"b pX- 

ulii I; mi ryjmH'ft. — Py<-'- H « noi-THrRs lrbJibra ch. ■ I'lpniw 11c- 
itynj'ua cuMOCTOflTe-THOTti ch uoBeaeHue. — Pyee.au ce nairfecBa B'fc 

IIO.'Nlil Ha 1'T.pilllf]. — Pj'CCHH II KilFlAIUili'ypiITU HH I'lnUKBfl KHH3I, 

1'enjirn an h'|>ir icirn ryOcpHaTOp'b. — U<<\ hmh-Iu 

:ih ila.'iiraiieKHT't fltparaBH, 



Ha apyrHH ;(enb urfefft ofiHBHBauHeTO Ha i'pi.mf( 
TypCKaTa lioftna, imfi iimuexMe B'b napnHccitHfl b. La Po- 
lite li<'']iitblii|iic („Les rfispoiisiitjilites"), hit.. I 1/23 Anpa- 

JlHfl 1897, HP I'JiaBHHTa BHHOBHHUa HaTUBH BOflHa e Pyc- 
CHH. J{0 TOBB 33 KJIKWC HHe Hlifi ftOXOJKAaXBC Mil (ll'TO|HI- 

q&CKa iiiiii.'ioiiiH <■>. piiJifl'i'a, hohto Pvcchu arpa in. i IpMS- 
CKO-BtjirapcKHTa a '("ma. Ako waryfiw Typiym hjih Pbp- 
Hhh - PyccHfl ueiea'feme bt, ;ib;it;i tuiyrafl: 

„Ako TypmiH KUriiae T'bpwecTByKRma orb rn-n\ 
softna, to .ThUrrBiit'iu Ha eBponeficKHa KOHuepn. me 
Sj&ac aapajiHBHpaHO bi n,apnrpajrb. Ako, aaonasn, Typ- 
Hhh nairBBe nuffBfleHa, TOrana th oiue noBeqe me ce 
BjKBflae oTi. noKpoBBTejiCTBOTO Ma i[;(]ui. \\ hi. asnTa 
i.iy'iiiii pyccKara ifiiuioMuiuifi netejiH". OSmaTa npaiH- 
Ha Jia fl'tflCTayBa Pycciw ri.fi BpawaeGiio npoTHBT) V%p* 
uhh e cj&maTa, kohto w. upaBii fla ce onnpa n na 6tJi- 
rapcKOTO eteflMHeHae: „PyecnH iip1>jinn mn.u me TBT.pa'fe 
, ano 6a.,itaHCi<nvb HapOflH Hapoa,H n.i ■b;rn. 



■ii- 



Bl'AH I.MTI. BT> 1LATH Ha CilMl'li"ri»lT('.']H»T;i MOJIHTHKa II 
i.illiiw.TT. CBOeTO eo6CTBeHH0 AOCTOflHCTBO, yTpti, KOrit- 
Tfi th nonetta aa ch novjiymn ct> Thx r t> B'i. CTpcMentHTB 

I'H tfbM1> Cp'BJlM3eM110TO HOpC, 'l"B ll[e Ce OTKaJKATb JW 
K nOrJiyilian". 

Aito ua-ifee, >ie GaJiKaiiCKHrfe HapoflH ommi 110- 
rir.ri> flit noc'rnr:iT). huhIhthm NamionajiHH iinea/in — 

:ik in ('umiilii' 'th ii,'i Hc.TOHHa PymejiKH eh OBBepna 

B"h.irapHn -TOTorana H3.iH3a, ne Pycciin HeeTT.fi neofi- 
^ojinMa 3a Tiix'h. KaKTO th ce e M.^iiuia aa hmt. ce npiiji- 
liimi. Hi. TOua i' paBHOCHJiHO ci. nc t ]03BanHeT0 na 
FefiHOTO b;ihhhhi? Ha HcTOK'h. Orb 'lyin, h TBtpxfe ec- 
TecTBCHHua crpcMOKi. y pyccnaTa ami.'ioiiaiuiH «a npa- 
hh Tbfi, mi>Tu itiunii ,|:i He tTiiBa Sesi. neftiiaTa flofipa 
80flfl,a, iiho Jin HiiK-i. h-biuo iiojioGho crane, TuraBa Pyc " 

He TypH BCJIHUHrfe CH jieM.HCKH nHTpHTH BT. CHJi a 

:!iiuin cbUji'iJU'iini'ij. PyccHH Hcna p na bcbkajcb, a 
ocoono, pa36npa ce, Mesay cjiafiurli, in. rb ro.TBMo ana" 
«iemie sa hckr mi reorpacjjiHecKOTo ch NojionteHMe. fiajT 

.1 iiapofln ah ce Ha.iara, na pliiiiaBa u pautoBOAH" 
Hemacrae aa oa.iKancKnfi Hapojietrb, kcihto ne a ee no" 
KopHBa. Pycciia e GesHta.uocTHa a me ro CMante ct> bchi* 
kmtr xJiajiHoitp'i.BHorn, Ha e^iini. eescbpAeieHt, ht> onn- 
i .-in. ajiOA'bfi. 

Bchhkht'b rfean mutiiuu csuiecTByBaxiR h an Pyc- 
<nn hi. noc.TbjiHHTa rpi.una Bofiiia. Eto ii KpaTKHrB, hi. 

. ITI'.'IHH npKiiaaTWK'TBa 3a TOBa, BT.H*b On, OtpHUnaJI- 
HllTfe KHHl'll 110 KpHTCKHTB pafiOTH, C'b KOHTO OlUe He 

I ':n -hnJiiiraMe. 

ITpiijiH BCHHitu, ci, fleGapKHpaazeTO Ha noJiKOBHHrtt 
•acoca a'b KpHTi. n vi, Ha'iajioTo hii naTpiioTHiecKaTa 
araraunii b'i. Athhh a ejiHiiorifnuiCKaTa bt. JIohjioht. h 
UapnjK'1., bt. oijiinmoHjiaTa pyccKa npecca no«m.¥iXm aa 
ee nonBSBiiTi, GjiaronoJiojKCHiifi 3a iiopaaceHHOTo Ha n.p- 
u»vk. Tosa tiLjiBO-ivi. no^iaa Ha Kpa.it Poopm, KOI'OTO 
pycCKflTa npecca uptiflCTaBii. khto qji+.hhhki. na i.thh- 

CKHTTB fleMOKpaTB'ieCKH H |ieiiO.1Hinil0HHM JipyjKei'TBil. 

. \:.u jcH'te, nume c. Aprycb bi, Hoeoe BpeMX,OTh 29 

HopTb 181)7 [.. niincd'HiaiOTo 11 nauaoHajiHO, p,T.i(OBOfle- 

ott, erepHflTii, .'iiiiiHicHHC, to HeiiHHTa BJiacTb me ce 



yTB-bpAH H, B-fcpOJITHO, !U.: AOBL\i|e 40 llpOFn,:ll'.i;li ,:' 

To Ha jiriiyO;ini(;-iTii". Ako ttwra He ymrne menpdtb 
/in.iniHti, 'if emepiuwiii <t(? it.ui/i'm n-iacnihma, a ■■ 
Hiimu vie Cxde maeipHjnma mo i;i»ux. Ilopa&ceHum 
peeoMoituAma u auapxuHma mookb, CAihdammtMto, ea ■ 

tltt. ym'ihpdit MiiHiip.ru ;n:i 1 1 ii in'iU(r,nii;<'Hiin pedh" . 

Hi. nopaacenHeTti tin naTpHOTHiecKOTO peKWiKHHK* 
no flBHiKOHne u'b Plijumh me njwiiei't.- oinc DoJiaa n h;i 
1'ymi.H. „HecnojiyK<)Ta na ceramHoxo aerjin-nimefleiicito 
SBHHtenne me ncrfn.pita jvtJiro Bp'BMe Ha aurjiHi 
zamcm kbmi, Ai-pwaBHTB 11 nxpKBUTB 11a ll> ■ 
Hatiapa mam acumen u ecnxoio da ofoptte twdtMdu , 
Pyrt/nt, tut mo no fOiiiwiiitittiuia prt.ipii,iiin»ii'.ii.'ti na < 
D*UMtt MO inii.nt npoi- mi CSftBta". 

Bt> aaKJUoneHiie aa aup'bfiHBaHneTO Ha MCiaapi 
lecnaTa BJiaetb bt, Athhs a aa B-baepamaHHeTO na p 

CKOTO B,lHHHIie Bl TypUHfl H Ha HCTOKT. I13o6oiO i«ejm 

TeJiHO e nopanieiujeTO na I'tpiiEui. C^iqo ti>6 rbJUt 
BsxM€ huh iiojiH'i'HKaTa Ha Pjtciijt. 

TaicaBa 61:mi? iicHxo.iornf)Ta ua pycctinri otp 
mmniui n B r BCTHni;api:i;n itp^roBe hi, Ha,iBi"i('piic n> 
ppbinto-TypcKaTB Bofina. H'l 11 a , fcarTBH»rra Ha pyccKa 

aunJIOMfimifl KJIIffEXiTi KTiMT. l'*meTO. Tfl OT("l'|iaHII Bj 

cjtbat. apyro nplwiomeHHe-ro na CiurafiepH fta ce c 
KOH^epeHUHH Bi. naptiMCb 3a p'BinaBaHaeTO hs Kp 
citHH Bi.npocT,, aa ce ypejtn e.iHa Heyrpajwa aoni 
iy Typiuifl 11 F'tpuMH, fla ce uplsaynp-bAHiri. BC-fettai 
CTiwiKHOBt-Hna. Pyccitara AHUJiuMaiuifl Bi. jKe.namieTO 
Aa iip'B.iHSBiiifa BoftHaTa np-feieine Ha bchiko, itoe*ro 

HOMO 1:1 E» [ITCTpaHH. T. BopuaHTb, aTHHl'KHHTT, KOpeCM) 

neirrh Ha Davly Chronicle, bi, ab-b abju'h ttopecnou 
AeimMii -eflHaTa ot-b 21 Maprt., a Apyrara on. 23, pi 

IipaBfl HOApOfiHO aGcOJHOTHO Ili'TlllJClIHfl i|i:il.ll, TO 

cyjiiana 11 Kfni.ii, reopni rr in"iiii,T..iti .iriHHH np'tro 

DO KpHTCKHfl Bl.lipW-'li, Hil CTpaHft uri. lIOBUepTi 
111 III r I;. BT., ID.0M1. KaTO HeJIHjlOBT> Ce HMV'lll.n,, 

bchhho .1:1 ocyem rbsH rnrferoBopn. Pyo 

ii- P inn 1 - ypOKl h.i )'i.|>iniii. h uaTDBa 

noflnajiii orhen \\ CjrtcHiR Typunn nponin! I'i. 
Han HHBve u Bjn. ptj b rejierpaiara, on. otpmnRK 



Hfi-repc6yprcKH areminn, rjfBTo ejmo cjrfcffb Jtpyro ce 
iri*-'i,|i.i>iaHarfa Typiwrfe, a HanajbaTL ri.panT'B u Haft 
ceTHt, npa inrfeB3eMaiiaeT0 aa .'lapacca on, rieiepGypn., 
reJierpaipnpan., 'ie 'rani, Miioro paaoCTHO nocp'femHi'fi.JiH 
Ttt3n nofr&Jia, samomo mtt uifniHmnpn .nupii one- -■"• tJ».im 
<•>!>* f ««, kbto noKasBfi aa GaJiKaHCHHTfe .n-bpmaBa ie 
Tfc Tp'bSiia aa 6#.p,,YiT\-' 6j]aropa3yMHH kl ffBHCTBHara 
EB ii|nni iii, 'I'ypmiH. A Hiia-fecTUo e, ie oaie np'Bfla Bofi- 
belts PycCHH BHyinH iia B'tjirapHH h Ha Ci.p6iia .1.1 He 
"TiirtMii. na noMoutb aa Tlpuhji. 

ToBa. Koerii acnarae PyccHH, cnojiyiH. i'-bpuaa 6%- 
me itofrfeaena a ta naaHA up'tfli. Pyemia h noaCKa Hefl- 
iiO'ro nocptflHHiecTBO :in CKjao'iBaHae-ro Ha Mapa. CeTH-fe 
Jiofljte B'l.npoca aa 3aenia. rbpmia nam, re o6i.pHS in>m. 
Pyecan, kohto npae, rbBirfecTHa c.t. Ahtjihh ii Opaituna, 
na ropattTHpa rp'bujsna aaew'b. drfeffb itaTo Pycicafl ca 
B8nrpy np-fe/ri. l' - bpnnn pojinia na rjiaBop'fea'i., cera th, 

M U'BKOJJKO POIHyTK, BJIU3a B'b pOJlflTa Ha IIOKpOBHTCJIb H 

to u^ icijiKOBa «a rp'buatia uapojr/b, kuikoto Ha I'p'm- 
Kara /mHacTaa. floor Miurra n. cbogto ii(v;napaTfj[iio h 
HByeMncjieHHO iToaertennf 111. Pi-pium" crura* &o eaaa 
P^Ana HeuoiiyjiHpHOivrt, Hcn'iKara OTroBopnocTb 3a no- 
paaceHaeTO ce crpyua Bbpxy HfbY.. UbHh orb pojiHaa- 

■'-illl, M npHHTeJICKHOTHOILieHHfl HUJKjiy pVCCKitTa H I'p'bU- 

'- 1 .i.niiaiiTiin Pyccna m on Murjia na Hawfepa no a.06- 
I" 1 iip',Bn.iHimti Ha CBOHTa irojiimiua, otiiojikoto rpbaaaa 
M ■' ' T ' J.- npa AHeiuHHT'E ycjiOBHH. H, 3a jui nOBAiirne Maj]- 
1,11 ripecTHJKa My, iiptfljiara aeroBaa cam. aa ry6epHa- 
TOpT. hh KpHTt.. OipiiiT.iiajiHo -rasa liaHflUflarypa S'kme 
"P'bjl-ioaceHa Bb HaiajiOTO na Hnyapnfi, Dfiane, omc up'fe- 
M irt;Kofl aa 6 ■feme lOBopii.'ii. 3a new., no3HaTai5rb Be- 

4 '' HaMT, aHOHHMeH'b '1HHOBLIHKL Bt BoBOe BpibMH TpH 

■■''"''■'■ii.i fln ut[)amia;inoTO u D[.>'bAJiaranne, t. c. om.e aa 
'" OKTOMBpafl, Haaaca eaaa .'ii./ira cra/iiia Bb no.'i3a Ha 
netR, Tosa e hml-hho iieonpoucpHciiMuTO AOKaaaTeacrBO 

«* 11:111 J.jltM 0([)HUaOHHllH xapaHTt'p'l, lia HHTHpaHMT* OTT. 

• '■■laniii ii3b fl'.w Bpe.vn cb oifltjien 3arjiaBaa no 

iKauiHaTa nojiBTHKa. 

3amo Pyccan ae up'h;t;joatH tssh KafiaaflaTypa 
■ tijrh, lh o6an)iBnanc'To nn Bofiiiara, <■'!• itoeTO iiuc- 



^ 



— U2 — 

jrfeflHflTa m'feuie Aa wsfrferHe? PyccHfl ToraBa He HCKaine 
h Aa itonycHe iiOAo6Ha KaHAHAaTypa, acera hr nplwia- 
ia caMa. lib bt> pyccKHfl njiaHb BJiH3aine Hafi-Hanp'feA'b 
Aa CLCHiie Pbpmifl, Aa br HaKaace, rA'feTO ce e OA'fcpso- 
CTHjia Aa boah caMocTOHTejiHa nojiHTHKa h nocjrfe jiHije- 
wfepno Aa ce HBH HeflHa 3amnTHnua. BHJKAaTe jih, pac- 
U-feneHH 6ajiKaHCKH HapoAH, kojiko CK^no bh cTpyBa pyc- 

CKOTO nOKpOBHTeJICTBO? 

Kpau ua mpeama nacmb. 



P7G0HK HI 




-.«-> 



HaoTb BTopa 
PYCCM BT> BTxJirAPMfl. 



i' 



TjiaBa ntpBa 

BaJIMHCKHTt flipMBM H PyCCHfl. 



. (i<uwfm- 






i PyCCRH II Hll jipyCHTfe BP.'IHKII CHJ 

Eirrfc fftpataBH. — Pyccnn riuyniipii Pj-mxhhh ,tb; 
ne BCBiiora Tim — liiiwlicaTa na PyicHi 
is f«t. reuprneBHii.. - PyccMfl B'bafiyiBfla 
a anally jipiicTiiaaeTK hi. twin riux-m. — I'yreiu ocaiMciia 

i Pyccnn k'lht. Di.pnoTo I'l'i.jirapoKo ctaaiuiHTHe bi. 

tSOBCBKa MT.TiaL'TJipL. — Pynean .n.iiM pystsHerb ii ctpOerb. — 

l.iTejii lbhtu aa PyccHH K'bM'b Eocaa H XepueroBmra. — Tali- 

ifln. AoroBOp'i. toewjiy Pvitiih ii Ahim'Puh nn, JinyitpnB 1B77, ci> 

I'vi/fnii ornyma h;i ABi'Tpmi HuiHa i! XepiitioBHHa, a ;ta. 

■ii aafftpxia Buirapufi, - Peyipeciuinm-h im pyccKHTl) boAckh 

i> MwijuiBn, Bjiriiikci n Bikini pun: rpaofinue na hhoti., so6in'i>in>, 

i [infiii ii ijiyni vHiiicHii nii;tpu(')HOcTU. — Pyccnn cte 

i.'|ll M.',i,,lv r"i;i,i[,-;iHt'i;ilT'Jj ,TI,p>KHBH — TH (lpOTIIB'l. TBSHHH 

■ Kbkbii rpfefioa n.a upaBi*TT> fiajiitamjKHT'B fl-bpataBJi '! 



3a aoKH'.inTt'jicTBo Ha ocBofioAiimiHaTa ii 'iojiobb- 

w>Jiio6itBa rjojiiiTiiKU h:i Pyuuim itncoieaTT. Ha hcShotu 

Bejeaae, MeHtjiy *6Ei. T iKaucKiiTfe ji'bpHtaBH. Hena ao- 

n>|iXHuciHHH HafijiHiAarejit B'fcpBa, wl cepuoaHHH h3cji1ja- 

"tl tue iiaM-Bpa, ie utJiaTa pyccKa noJiHTHKa Ha 6aji- 

SteKBfl ufiJiyocTpoBT. e 6njia hbhhh CTpeMeacb aa ce 

teB HOCTOflHHO HI. Jia6uTHT'E Ha TaMOUiHHT'l; ^ r bp»caBH 

1 JW i'n nypH (paKTHieciiH nuA't cbohte Euiacrb. „3a- 

Irt -Ml PyCCHfl, IIHTilT'L. HeftHilT'E aaiUIJTHlin.ll, PbpijnH, 
^pGHfl, PySNRIIIill, E'bJll'apHfl — KOH'I'O OCBOOOftH on. 

"wko-o mo?" He PyccHfl ucnobuw lYpmaa, a aiar- 
tara, cppeHCKn ii pycoKH (Jjjioth (uocjiiftHHTa MMailie 
^S CjiaOo :-jh anemic) 11 (ppeHCKHTB cvxohathh bohcech, 
^ H9Ji'B30xAi bi. MapL'ii 11 nail cewt) camim Bi.acra- 
■ i.ni.ii iia[io/(, , i.. ('auu'i rbfl hc PyccHa ocboGoam 



C-up6u», a caMiri'ii Cbp6e ce Btcmuayuax* orb Hecrni"t 

CTWIKHOUt'HHI'J Mil AfitTpUH Cb TyjlUHfl ;ia ffbSCTaiUiTb. 

Hafi cerfffe, PyjjAHtia e fjH.ua BCBKora noJiyHeaaBHCHMa. 
Ocraaa caMO BbjiFapus ocBooofleiia, wanpaBO, on pyc- 
citHT'fe aofltKB. Tyit'b iiii'i upauiiu'ij caiio ejyia HciopH- 
■icciui uonpasKu Ha nplsyBwiHieHHT't CbofJmeHHfl aa pyc- 

CKilTa pOJIIl Bli OCBOOOHtflellKeTO lla XpHCTHEaerfe. 

H'b raM'b He JieiKR qenrpa Ha TemecTbTa iia ua- 
uiiiTa ap'ryMeH'raiiHS. Huh oxotho 6h ee ctr^aciijui, is 
pyecKo-ro op&HCEte e ocboGoahjio bi'hhkh 6ajiKancKH na- 
[jii.i.n ii i"n;i mi nag uajiKO ne 6h moimo Aa HawajiH 
canara n BuaieHHeTQ na DHCaHOTo no flo;iy. 

I'MliUJiK) e iipli,an hchhko j.a ce duncea, Ka'ro Aorjpo- 
jlfrrejib na Pycena, weto He e aaBJiajriJia C'bp6nn h 
Pbpn.ua, aumpTO th aaTOBa H'EMawe ffiiun'tecmtna bt.3- 

MOHCHOCTb. B'bH'b OTb 06cT0flTeJl<n'BOT0, ie Cl.p6llfl JieHtll 

iioflx Hotra Ha Aiicrpiifl a, CJl'EAOBaTeJlHO, Pycran lip'tflH 
bchiiio 611 rp^SBajio aa cMante ABCTpwj, una onje n 
tob3, hp Meatfly ObpfinH h rbpujia ort ejiHa eTpaaa it 
PyccHH orb Apyra Jiessoine a Jiewn, reorpacpHieCKB, 
rj'BJia'ia Typcwa HMnepna. HeimcjiHMo 6isnre aa Pyccan 
fla BaBJia/i/fce TB3H rrpaHH iip-fyiii ;ia B3e»e iiatji koAto 
BOfl-buje K'bM'b T-fexb. Il^jiiiiiii, 'ie <?flHa-ra iiojioBiina in 
pyccKara aoSpofl'BTe^b cAmecTByBa cawo a'b Bi.uopaato- 
Hnero aa ropeuii-rrB — upa Toaa hi'H'bjkh 110 reoi pa- 

(pHH'ia — HeBHH itaiUHTHBIW. 0CTUB8 lib.IFapna H Py- 

iiAMiiiji, 3a BbJirapHH me roHopb&n. no HaTaTbinHHTb- 
rJiaBH, a mo ee nacae flO PysiaiHiin, caMa Pyccafl' e ,'in- 
Kaaajia hcho cbomtb iiaM r Bpcuun. Tym. ne e jiysiaTa aa 
ItOCTOHHHHTa pyeena HaMb'ea Bb n.Y.Tpb'UJiun'l; 11 pafiOTH, 
KaKTO i)'i36yHCAaniie-i'o ua pyMAMehHT'b cejiaae sa B13- 
i- ramie iipbflH it ro/imili, si. 1H88, 11 \- aa iiei Huriai 
iKiciiiui onyiiauHH. Bi. 1B06 toflnua AjieiicaHApb 1 Bflfcae 
bi, MojiflaBHa 11 i.v. onynnpa, HaBBjiao, aa biih^th toh 
mliiiie A3 Mi-Tiiiic T.'i.Mi., aiio Huno.'ieoHb I ite frfeme 
uaB^1)3a.ii r i, cb bohi'KHtIj ch bt. Pyecim, 11 hoctIuhh i m 
He 6-feuie upaayfleHa ;i;i oiTerjm bchikhtI! iii BoeiiHM emu 
iipn MoJlftaBa. 06aie r eirbffb TOBa Pyeeiin tie iiaji-bae 
cb npaaflHH p.v.nt., BamOTO OTrtAca efliia roji-bHa iaCTL 
orb Moji;iaBa, HMeaBO Beeeapa6Hfl. Bb IS4H r. Hhko- 



— 1+7 — 

Jiaft I aofi,% np'bAJion,, ie H-b PyMrt.HHa nafiyxHAJia jib 
fiepajwa peBO-monna npoTHBi. 6ojmpHrfe n rocooflapfl, 
naxjiy c - b ninTiHmaTa ch m ce roTffbme &a 
BQHfl^rH Tarn.. Hi. Bb 1856 r. BeJiHKHrfe chjih H3roiiHx^ 
pytcert ori> MojuiaeHH, kato ii noH'bpHAX*, no IlapHJK- 
ckhh floroeopii, rpaSHATaTa no paHo orb Pyccim HefiHa 
npOBHHUBfl — BeccapaSaa. 

HhS lie ronopiiM'b TyKT. aa oitynamiHrG, kohto 
PyccHa iipaB-bine ria PywAHHH bt. Bp'BMe na Bcfena 
- naKBHTO niua jieceTb — a 3a TaHHBa BpaBeHB 

■ Hafi HktpilO H THX0 Bp'tilie. 

Tb3H {paKTH MOKa;iB;lTb, KBKBH C* 6HJIH HCTHH- 

-■i.rnf. iiaM'Ispeiuia Ha PycPHfi ki-mt. Pvm*hhh. 

#0 Bi'opara oKy.ian.au h;i PyMSvHiia HaKOJiafl J npo- 
OAHJTb 80,000 Boneita nofli. KOHaH^aTa Ha reEiepajn> 
epca. 

Ho pHHO OTKQJ1KOTO B'l. FyMAHMH, BT.3HHKH.Y..111 

B"bJiHeHHH 11 hi. ('i.p6iifl. Mstipairi. 6hjtb Ha nptcrojia 
•Minn. OTt. KapareoprncnniiHTB. Hi. toh ho 6hjit> no 
yrij;ia'ra aa Pyccmi, m iiocjrBAHiiTa 10 ooHBHjia hbmko- 
neHt. 3a ouj,e no-roji'BMii AOKaaareJicTBa 11a CBOBia opa- 
BOTa Hbkojihb HcnpaTHJi-b cboH KomiHceapb, up-BAiuecTae- 
iiHha, h;i rvHepa.ni. Kay.ifiapca, a orb^-h Hero [ipHroTBHjrb 
20,000 BoficKa Aa ha*tt> a& ro no/rbpHtaT-b. Pyccmi 
iiOHCKajia on AecrpMB jta ii Aonyaie Aa ui-iHiRT't boh- 

CKHT'B llp'RS'b HefiHilTa Tt'ppHTOpHH, H1TJ1 Ce OTKaaaJUv' 

rio KT.CHO Pyocua np'BA.ioHoi.ia Ha Aiicrpafl fla onynH- 
nupa Ctp6nH, BocHa n XepqeroBiiHa, a HeflHiiT'B pff.n,ii 
o,h c» CB060AHH Bt. PyH*Hiia 11 B'l. B'bJirapHH. 1 ) Koraia 
uptAJiomeHHeTo hh pyccKHR ncicjiaHHiiieb Bb BHftHa 6a- 
onii MefleHaoptpi. aouijio ao yurarfe Ha ei.pfterb, tb 
: no-cn.'iHO noA'bpiKaJiii KapareopmeBHia.*) Hi. IIop- 
THTa no HCKaimeTO Ha Pyccufl HeyAoCpHJia na6opa aa 
KapareoprneBHia. CVaBa Biopn nafiopi.. KapareopraeBH l n> 

') A. H. IleTpoBt, T. 1 erp. 14. 
1 Ibid. T. 11. pip. 24. 

'I Mid., erp. 25. 

') [did. 



— 148- 

6hjit. nam. H36pa8Tb, Kb, T03H nMb, toh noHcuajn,, n' 
iHHeHHe orb PycCHH ii th Kara ce roTB'Ejra 9a uoh:i Boi 
ia ct. Typnim (KpHMcitaTa) una in HyiKjta on. ObpOi 1 

[ ll|HH'.l;i (MUMIli'MHHTa. 

Korai'o Pyccan u oTBapruia BOflHa aa Typiias, I 

Aa cT^jiaat' Ha noc^'bflHHTa Tpyjtaocra a yBemiwi col 
c-TBennrfc en uiaHCOBe Ha cuojiyaa, th e BT>a6ya(.na;ia xp 
CwaHCKarfe Hapojm b'l Typumi Ha rbacxaHHe. B't 11, 
■Ki.nnri Ha KpHMCKara BOflHa ohjii. HCllpBTBU'b UWIKQ 

iihkt. KobontBCKii bt> l IepHa-l'opa a <J>oHT<>in - B'h Cb] 
6hh jia opraiinaHpan. TaM'b B'tacTanHHecKH Hei'a. E 

I'lpqUfl, C'L CiftmHT'B HHCTpyKUHH, OHJfb lipOBOAeHT. J[p 

i art-Hit, koBto aaaecurb Ha rhpuHrfe 300,1X10 pycV 
cyficHAHH orb Pyecaa aa oprauHsapari. BT>3CTaHneTO ; 
CAntero eaiipniHJia u bi, Py«KHnn. Bb bu'1;mc na KptiicK 
■ra Bofliia bt. Eynypeiirfc npncTHTH%JiH 11J000 nynnra m 
PyccHH, sa aa ce paaAaaAT'h Ha xpncraaHerfe. <PpaHn> Hi 
{•H4>'i> noHc-taJi'b ofiiiciieiiHH iia MeihieHAopcpa — pyccK 
n nocjiaHHHK'h B*b Baeaa. } ) Hi,, aao, (wh BOJiHTa i 
PyccHH, cainHTb xpacTHaae c* B'b3CTana^n n c* ce o6p- 
majiii n.o HeKS ia homouu>, th ra e otoji-u ;b;ijih. Koraro h 
0yxH*BT.1822 i'. B'bacTaHiieTO bt> I'bpiniH h TypuHrfe n 
KJiax*, cawo Ha ocTpoffb Xnoct, okojio 25000 /ryum, hmiii 
paTipr>. AjieacaHapt I ceorita3a^'b Aa Cf HaM'bcH Bb »oji: 
Ha rtpuHTB, aaTo apmnteBaine rfexHOTO Bi.3cTanne Ha an 
raumiiBHa HlntaK'bBi. cu peaojiKmaoHeH'b napaatcKO » 

IMHTen.. -) 06aie Aitc'iaa Bae p'Shihtgjiho rpbUKOTO si' 
no B-b pAiifrrB cm h, moM'b Ka'io HOBOBrwpeiina Hi 
aojiafi 3a6bjiti3a, it 1 tobb me ycHJiii aniviHflcKOTo 3Hai 
iiae weiKiiy xpHCTMaHerE aa Wctokl, mfl ce npiicbefli 
HH K'bMb HfcRHOTU jTBHCTBHe B'b HOJI3H Ha ('bpHHH. 3 ) ~ 
ibvimjioto aa 1840 jieauiy ["bputrr-fe aiixaama abhjkui 



:;a DCBftftoHtfleHHOTd na TeecajlBfl i 



En up 



Tin iioaoj 



't IViii'i^n.ri, A. II. BerpoKb. 
') Uerpora. CTp, 282 (T. II) 
•) raenapt. cip. 38— 3!i, 



. II. cip. 28 



I.- h-i..,:,- 



tRe 



-149 — 

SfmiepaTOpt HiiKcwiafi 3aHBHjn, ie ,,toh uscnuta me 
iioA'upMta riopTara bt> HeflHHrl; vchjimh ,na cMHpH cboh- 
T-fe CyaTywitUH ce nnaaiiHnnn". ') Kora-ro npn HiiKOJiaj! 
ce jimi.iu np.'ni'iuinnH on. rbpu,nrb, Toft najKe He i*b 
KipBem, Ha ayflneminH. 2 ) noBeaeHaeTO na HiiKOJian ct. 
n>pUHrE hh nanosnH ejiHH'ii h.iitk'iho aHaaorH'KBT. (pann., 
koRto ce e cjiyni. 1 ''. ri. frf-jirapeTh. Eh. Bp-fesie Ha noxoaa 
na JXnflB'ia 3a6ajiKaacKH bt, I8'28— 29 r. e^na rojTBMa 
CVbJirapcKa aofipoBojnjecKB jipyHfHHa re e npiici.ejiHHa^a 
K1.M-L pycce-rfe, noft-fc HfliajiCTBoro Ha KamrrnH't. TeoprH 
MaMBpiuB'b, H3i, KoTe.Yb. Kaxo 3ano3H8TB c* ifftCTHo- 
r-TfeTa, frhJiraperfe mhoto cnoMorn,T,.iH Ha pyccerfe npa 
iip r fcB3eMaiiiie'ro Ha Ciuim-ipa. T-B irBBCTByBajiii, paaSnpa 

Q0, Hp-fe,!'!. OffBIHa HHlSTO Ha pycCKHTE JlHHJlOMaTH, He PyccHd 

me oceafinjiH S'LJiraperb. BofiHSTS ce CB*hpniBa, in aa 

Ci.JirapeT'B hhto ayiaa. ToraBa nticji'UflHHTfe opiaHH3Hpa- 

i:i3aKJiH'niL a TO bi, KaiinHOBCKiiH MMiacTiipi.. llo npli- 

oseacTBOTO na lOpnaHio Hop6a;uKtt H3t EJieHa ciaa- 

[THHUHTB GhJIH H3JJOBCHH, HI. KanHTaH'b MaMapiCHh, 

to pycKH noflaHiniK'b h Bfienein. npn TOBa, 6njn. np-b- 

newh na pyccKOTO npaBaTe.icTBo. riao'EHHeTo ropaa- 

iBajio, cqynHJto My tafiata, ornejio My opffeHHTh o ro 

iftajio othobo Ha rypUHT-B, kohto ro naTontix* bi. 

OHtl. Paao nine KoraTO kotjichhh h CJiHBeHn.il aaeJW Jta 

■>.'iioptiBi.'n ■}. pyccerfe, ne me rn ocTaBHTi. nam. noat ot- 

M'hCTHTe^naTa BJiacTb Ha TypiwrB, ,Hk6hh'i. 3a6ajiKaH- 

c:kh HM - b oTroBopHJii.: .tEtjirape, cTOBre uiipiiM, qe me 

>pHJ& TOnOBerfc ch cp'femy sact" ')■ 

Hi pyccKOTO upauHre.'icTBO jiiHce xpacTHaHerB He 
«:aMo rjpM rfcaii Ape6na ejiynaH, ht, m bt, mhoto no ro- 
*(wrfciin, rfl'BTo to e flasa^o cbohtii necTHa nyita. Tift, 
"nanpHM'fept., cp'Emy Heaan'BHHMaTa noMomb, kohto pyMjft- 
weT'k npnnecoxa. na Pyccna, npa Hji*feBen'L, ra*feTO Oea-b 

If&M 1815 r. 



mMh] 

«:aMt 



22* -24* 
ortav |Ho 



! ) Bcenofl. OTien. rp. HeccftittpoBC, aa .Ns 1845 (Ibid.) 



BcH'iiiii -rfciiii (|>iii.-TH i'fi |iticiiM:iaiiii nafl unn[><-6no as dp. 
— 246 y r. I'.. PaiioBi'BH: ro|ir.'itifl us.TriEii.-T.. noBfe-TBuEiiiTe-leflT. 
(II-.hi.m-- Cftat 1857), 



en pa 31 



pyn*HCKaiij noficKH PyccHii ome rojuma m-feiue 

iipni(i.jui{;iii:i <i6ra,.jaTa - qjt.iny 'I'naa PycCHfl O'l'HC 1 

Mjriii iipomiHiiHii Beccapafiafl otj. coficTBeHHHTfc 
im.iii. II tob8 PyccHii FtanpOBH B-bnpfcKH (popuajmi 

CB iifjl.nuimic, Mplsm. KOHBtfiiniTHTa Meat.iy hp» H Pyn* 
nan Oft I 18 Anpa.iini 1877, da ne HampHxm \ 
ptfMMHCKama meppumopttn '). A 3a jxu 
pyHAiicrh i"i. fii.jira|ifTt„ m. :ia»iiHa na pyM^iiieKU I 
capufafl th hm'i. aaae BiwirapcKa Hofipyjiwa. Ctpow 
KUtn« HMrtmi m. [876 ii 1877 - 78 no nofiyawei 
■i : I'- ■.!!!. n ua BepjumcKHH Koiirpeci, Kora-ro ce hbhj 
BftfcGcKBTfe tUieraTB «a ce oiuaKBait, Me c* (men] 
.tumi ii ee I'lH.jinvii i.) pyccKHfl .if.ieran. LLfyBa.n 
TOfl hmt Ka:.uii.: .,lli!:iv hj.ii rpatpa Ainpaujfi. sam 
QKJURma *»Btu-H on. ABrTpns***). Hi. ci, hhkoto Pyw 

rtr ri,¥,IU1 rbft MiUllillHIIWCKH, KaKTO CI. 

(hMnmm « sepneroaipwo. Th r« iKu6yan m-jri 

louirfe p. . i!peca.ii<i!. 

l i\A ilTl. fTpiHii H:» ffpCKOTO tipaBIT 

B*. i'wh .wtnwfriw n * upH "tK-'iisHH-ru m i 
AJew-aKlpi" II o6j»BS*uinv m 
ycnivpa aaacm ha xp*cmuKK»Ti Bapojw n> I 
!tR3w — 4jiw J»qe«^«l 
pecoo*ut?HT rrfe KtsMrv, <k up* uprnvnaano 
,ocb»Am»t*m** optuwiaxv cim 
Rtjw nxtWHa ao wwi natw^ecrv Ajntntttjpv I 
,jv-».'vp«jrv* vHM««v» wi Kucw « X«| 
rB 0fi>jgQie m* Aw-rpiM & upwv asi*. 
wre.*** v. n«rfcpo*twv an rjferw *v i 
, 4— n*. *■"* p*-'S*'». fuuno w 

liauiift N'.T.l*tttch.* 
0»i 



iii.'Ti'iijiitJi. A npthn HuyapuS 187? tntbSU yaum 

HIlrrt'Hii 9b tfiOpMOJteHh ()(»0^iOp^. C'bOfimeHHeTO I 

(paun. iij)1>jT,ti3BiTKa fiypn b'i. c[) r EAHeeBpO[[eftcKaT:i 
npecca. Pyccerfe HapewoxiR uuCTATiKaTa Ha lincwiipKO- 
KHfl oipimiinn-i, sjioynoTphfijieHHe cb lyjKA'tTO ;j,ob-B- 
pHe, H'b, kocto e Hafi ivkibhoto, t-b lie OTpenox* jtb 
CTBHTewi CTbTa iia tob.i cnopasyM'BHne. On. Tooa ce 
ofincHHBa iioBefleHHe-ro h:i PyeCHfl Ha BepJUJHCKaa iwh- 

rpCCT., Il]:m TH HaTl iMIt'pi'H'lrrldl lnr];i.[iHiMHH' ABCTpHH 

Bn, aarpafiBtHHCTO Ha Bocea it XepueroBiiHa 1 )- Cirtffb 
JjacKpHTHero iia N. A. Zeitung oth pyccitn eTpaaa 
OTroBopn r. T.'iTHiueii'i. bi. MocKoncui x BtbdoM-ocmit (29 
-Anpt-unfl 18'.)7). Tobh oirnflop'b e upafino imyinTejiein> 
n tihh njit.arjMCb'iML 1 iiafi cjRmecTBeiuiHTfc My Harm. Heita 
aafifeji'BHtiiM'i,, npliABapHTpjmo, <w r. TaTHUB?B , i. c nrpajn. 

BI. B'bflpOCHUT'h np-bTOBOpH C'b ABCTpHH H3R-fiCTHa pOJIfl: 

,Am- Be me najrhnHi, onine toB, hhto Ha fl'bjira 
«ia K.ieTBaTa ch, hhto iia jtnnJioMa'i'H'iecKaTa cjri.paca- 
nocrb, ano aanBiff., w, aito Ha Toiia caopaayjrBHHe ci, 
^Abctphh 6-feme nwcaiio aa ce oc/Ktuerrmi mtnAtto, to 
cii-bjio Howe jia ce lapairmpa, <ie GaJiKaHCKHH nojiy- 
• jcTpuBT., He 6n iip^^CTaB^HBajn. cera neiajiHOTO apfe- 
-nume Ha io,pBaBii CMyraBe, paaflopH h iiojiHiiHeHHn Ha 
«^yM(jo bjihhhho, a .maHmuemo Ha PymtH arpiiM Hvto- 
'■ion><> Hai-cAcnw- mt,wo Cm ce c,w.wuao tta titH/micu it uc- 
wsbtqpyumMu octtosu" E ) (k. h.) Huh lie ce cbMH-RBawt , ie 
»iaB'b[tpe;iH:iT;i TenrecTb na i-fenn aaflBJieiuiH me npHKOBe 
»ia ce6e ch 3opi!OTO BJiiinHiie Ha HuraTeJiH. H'b B-bpxy 

AyMif nHfi me ce noBi>pnein-, CBoeap-kMeHHO. C»- 
UrafiTii (pBrtT'h ce npnaiiaea cera on. bchhkh aanjiojia- 
"■•H'lecKii pyccKH aiiTopii. Tana CitajibitoBCKH timiie: „Ab- 
«=Tpo-BeHrpnn. Manapi, u nyneHa Oo wuHttma a omcmxn- 
*tama Hti cp*6cKumn, ofi.ntcntn, Ti3Mf.Hn ua Hacb h mhh* 

K'bM'b HpOTHaHHUHT't 111]' 1 ) A HO HaTaTbK'b, K.1T0 lOBOpH 

r h'Bkoh yieHH (MapTPHCb h KoMapoBCba), rtoHTO npijfl- 




*| TaTHineBi.. 031. npoui.Taro pJCB. I 
') CKajltKOBCHlB. cip. 22(1. 



;i aa AscTpnH (II 
h np. etp. 54K-547. 






- 1-S2 - 

naraTfe ,na ce iioBtpN.ivn. Bocbs h Sepaeromnw 
f'i.pfiHH 11 Hepna-Topn, CKajiiKOBCKH qpcsTJiwaaa; .Than 
yieHH, khto ie Jim HP3Hai*.T'b, nam., eesasHCHiio 
BepjiHHCKBfl TpaKTan., Pycciin ome toraea ce -i.i.i.ri-ii. 
He cano minora j[a ne HCKa ott> Aacrpo-VHi npini . 

B"b3B1>pHe '3aB3eTHT-fe ofaiaCTH, ffb II ."Ul H'l H llp'fe'Jl! : 

npncbeAHHeHHirro Ha CTapa-Ci.p6iiH* : ) 

Eto Kant PyccHH TtpryBa ct> i<?cTbTa m esoGi 
;iaTa h He3aBHciiBocTbTa na BaposBTfe! Tvkt, 
mh Ha*Tb 11a yiia .ivmhtIj Ha up. Kapaia, 

RH CI HilJlKHTt HapOJH KaTO Cb Jp 

kcwto AABa ita cBoarfc cbtAatiHiui .aa iafi" 

Ot. roptfipiiBejemt-rB (paKTH ce Huaoa acno, 

BT> CBOBTB OTKOUieHIIH ("h XpHCTHaHeTfe Ha Ba.lKitHCKHH 

BOjyoCTpoin>, pyccnaTa AHiuovaniis bhto Has ua.iho He 
e uuuta nprbjrt. BHXb rfexHurfe mrrepecH, a rofirTBemao 

CBOHTt. llo irtKOfl HATb, VbOU Ull 

CaJBO, MeJMAy rfeKHHTfc H HCHHHrfe HHTepeCH e I 

Illl3.nl eAHO IK>8T-pXIIOCTHfi WM OCT] 

optve tii ni e CeawajjocrHO nomai."'. Tt.ra.ia a npo* 
aa.ia. k*t» ifcuiaMfM own. T.«b lyvs ■nme ja i 
rropn ns ErfeKon orrpa, b> rjlX.it. »a.u;o bctkhS i 

yfrtUH. ■*> TH P IIC bAc'TJWTMBOCTia*, ' 

sax* in m- win pt-npeca.HHirrfc, aa kobto c* ( 
Muar.m id pfesv ■aamfipoiiHiirfc i 

TypcKw no Ah*? Tvk> Hfc in- rnBnpSK : 

itrHBA. h,\ maw 

crtr^ otot.iwhwtvi h» pytYtan-fc <**n 

TMimrfc irpan >>n:i 

■■-.-.. 



MlWITi 



■"'"'"' 













taGti&rt. U'feJia Mojiaa an . 'Pi ikk'mhjih, khkroto Haumpa- 
. „CjHifl'i. TOBa toh ni iicnpama ah My if.iouium ii'li- 
XHJiaflB pofJH, kOhto Aa OTuefle CT> ce6e cm bt 
'vc-chh. Bh OKpjsjKne'i'o XoTHffb n no Sp'troBeri Ha 

fill.'IM H3JI0D6HH MHOJKeCTBO XOpa, HaiiTD JHJ- 

*ti. .'infill n,K'b. Eahh rpafisajiB H»)Ke, flpyn-i jkcuh, 
iem ;il.n.;i 11 nocjit en in npoAHBajiH exam hm Apyra 

. Hail-MilJIKa MHJlOCTb, NO JTOIimBa H OTT. TBTaperfc" 1 ). 

Ilpn pyccKaTa oityiraann (1806 — 1812} u-fejm rpa- 
le, itaro PjiMumn, — CapaTfc, (Poiuua lib, Bpamia, Ta- 
.■l, Bys«.y, 6hjih 1-hB-hpiuenHo cwmnami R nsropem 
. pyceerb. Pvcckht , b HanajiHnuH npoaaBa.iH m'BCthh- 
; L p jiyiK6n. T'B eaSJiaiajw uaceJieiineTO, HaTO My Baenia- 
i fispa aa xpana, GunHHinj, /ipexa h Apyrn pa6oTH 3a 
tcna-ia ii ano aa bchiko TOBa' 6ejio e HyjKHO 10, pyc- 
i o<pnu.epn Cb6npajra 100 jj. a pa3;iHKaTa Typn.ni B'h 
i ch. KaicbBi, l 1 fiii.ri, repopa na pyccitarb boAckh, 
> Aa ce c*A" on ofiCTOflTejicTEOTO, qe 200,000 py- 
.ae iiafi-ferajin on. cTpaHaTa en. OeeMCTOTHin. fiyKy- 
UBlH 6aK:iJiH aaTBopujiH flioreHHrB cu (181 1), m cawo 
iiLianitiaHHCTO, ne me m npoBOAb&Ti. B'h Cn6ap'i., hh- 
ijio ni nam. Aa rw oTBapsn. h na iijothiTI. tcmikh- 

I KOHTpH6yn.HH, KOhTO HM'b fiHJIH HtiJUMKCHn . '>(lil;Hl, 

i pyeceri np-Hcitaim jrhHtJuiRH napn, KOHTO iih;i;iii 
UttfyHHTejieHt Kypch, KaTO cm 3aMiin>¥.jiH pyecert, ot- 
■' in ' :■ ce6e cu 20,000 kojih cii no 4 BOJia a 2 ce- 
jisHnea na Ki'jin, aeaiii, 80,000 BOJia h 4-*,000 ce;mtiM, 
3a Aa HaceaBK-rbpyccuBT-B nycTHHH. A reHepajn. Kyty- 
aoB'i.. Aa va cnjiaiuii oin.c- noBeie, Ka3Ba.TK „FIa pyHA- 
Bma .i.a hp !■!' ocTaBn Apyro unm;o dcb-ehi, oiht+; my 
i ce onjiaitBa" h Ha Tp'braaHHe iiaitapajri. GojinpHTt. Aa 
noAapwn. ejnja Ta6anepa, kohto crpyeaaa 80,000 Ji. 1 ) 
Tlp-in'b noxoAa Ha ,JlH6ina 3a6ajihaHtKH pyccKOTO 
BtaTCTBO, aamoTo. .iHncBajra BOJioBe, Bfip-feraJio ceifl- 
. as KapaTb KOJiHta. Mhtpoiiojihtt. rpHropwfl iiomo- 
renepaJia /Ki.-.nyxiiiia ;i.a He Biip'ferarb noHe uo- 



!i;i NalionaU «in Bus 
■ Nona) c-rp. 11 — 12. 



>i.iI!>itii;itli£L (MBiairae i 



romanilor ■!« gr. Tucilescu. p. 7+ [NanttUIl 



iOBerfe, H'i. JKejiryxHHi. OTroBnpHjn.. ie Meucjiy '"iimii. 

pyNJKHHH'b II ej.HH'b BO.'I'I. II f:W;l p;i3.T11i;a. Ha Gin.iiMHi.i- 

Bh PycciiH toa omipiun. 30,000 Bo/ia, hi. ni i>;i en j «* .- 

JUUTI-, Tb"i mOTO, KOrdTO BeJIHKHftT'L KHfl3b MiiX-UIjI I. I'.' IU> 

DHTiiJit, naitao ocraarti ottj 30,000-tb bojto? rofi otto- 

((ipu.rt,; KHTO ('.unci. um|n'i'in. .law aa BBCT>')- 

C*meTO pyCCKHTB BOHCi.'H CiR B1.pimi.lH II HI Til. I- 

rapHfl. „0tt> rtext Bp'liiieua, name PaKoacKH, kbtq not- 
ha aa cjiaofce Typintn PycH-ra hoik*** iecT0 
ivBaTT. JXyBBHa h fla pasopnBaTi> 6-feflHOTO hh oti 
o. . . On, eflHa CTpaHa HeooyaflatujOTO xorflammi Typ- 

CKO Hi'ptlAOBHti BOBHCTBO f' ll.l'BHH.ln. KJia.TO, rpafill 

poCHJio B-wirapu — tu, a ott> apyra crpana pycciaj— 
th bohykh, oine no iiemijiocTHBH on. TypuH-TH ooyCTO- 
iinin:i.iH c* Jio3a. iihbbi, rpafia.in obhw, rrme.ia 11 rpa- 
Aoae! A Kora en en Bpama.in hjih imfilsaoHociDi hah no- 
6+jphii. napa.ni n OTB.iaia.in c* iia ch.i* no trfeHOJMte 
W rvi.irapi-Kti aoiiopcieTBa n 3ace.TtRa.iH c* I'U 
bt. oomBpew-TW ch iiycTHHw! . . ." On. roraBa bojih.tt. 
nasa.ioTo ea fi-KniapcKiiT'E kojlhohii n Kb XapKoBCBSTa 
ryocpHDH. Tan. G-Kiraperfe c* i-rasajui 
TfexHin-B rocno.iapn ca oh re npoaaBa.™ imhhi. jj.ymi- 
no .K8TO OBUH it roaefla*. Bt. 181- r. Koraro pyecert 
miiha.ih Ivh;ih,i ihau.hi npOK.iaMnn.it 11 j.o 6urap< i 
BThiCTaHari., a on. apyra cTpaHa M3ropBiin Pa 

■ ihko re.io. Obhoiobt-, Pyciym. n apyrs 

itnoro rpa.mBf 11 eesA a wa ca.ia npfcKapBajn cb xii.ih- 

■■,;■.:', 1828 miii- 

i .laniiHb iii>,inraiiie on t?.m,i cxpanji H;i BWfc'TaHHe 

t irapt'rt. » cm. ipyra iniyoTomn n narops mhoiotlx- 

i !i rjwioBe, ihioeieTo on boh to .■ an iuiecb 

m. (WpHiib a Tp».iiu.>. oftparJn*. C*mo 

nJl Bi.rfiyjKAas* 6-urapeTfe m. I 1 -"-.! r., noraTO Ilac- 

oftiM.i. ipyr* cTpnna 

•iir imk^hm n>< [bm Ei-i- 

wn, AK» iKpai o*,*A«na <"•*. Wv o.*op«.ia r6m". Ha 



Epi'iniiitbe pyceerb otbjtbkjih 13,000 AOMOjioflCTBa m. 
Beccapafiufl'). 

ropHHTfc (Jimkth noKaaBaTi, ne Pyecaa e y6nBa.ua 

BCBKO pil.SBHTHe B'i. EaJIICailCKUTB fl'bplKaBH H C'l. CBOH- 
Tt „OCB06oflHTeJIHH" BOfiHH e caMO 6l.pKJJia 38 BCBKO 

GoatfleHHe. Hi. flHecb, KoraTO ae^e esutecTByaan. 
HeaaBHCHMH OajiKamiKH ;t'i.ji)Kaaii, ii'bpBoxo pyccKO flt.fi- 
i-TBH-i' i' A« i'h fificaoiuBa, 3rt /ia npiifif.rBarb nbcronHHO 
/io aeflHaxa nottoiob. Tobm Pyccnn nocTHra ome tio 3Apa- 
bo, KaTO XBU.pjiH a BT.a6ya£fla Sa-UKanciurrE napoflH eflHHT, 
[ipuTMBi. flpyra. Ha pyMsnoih flame floOpyflwa fla rn 
cmpaaH ci. frtJiraperfe, ott. cbpfierfe OTHe BocHa h Xep- 
iier&BiiHa fla hmt> Haco'in oiht'b ki.mt. MaKeflOHHH, rjefe- 
ro me ce cGjitCKan. ct fiuj-uraperB. Bi. 1885 r, nofl- 
5yTBarae no B'l.npoca 3a Apa6i.-Ta6nH OTiJiraperfc na 
Bofiiin ci. pyiifliiieT'B n bch4ko 6'buie Be>ie npHroTBt'HO, 
iiL n.'iou;i;iiB(''finn rip , BBpai"b ua 6 Cent. nmipBHii. Ho 

■HO Tfl TJiaCHiR C'bpfiHB R'b BO&HU. CI. E"l..'ir<lpHfl, KO- 

i Tpn roflnHH np'bflH TOBa no Ep-feroBCKHH Sbsipocb 
,6y>Kflamr^ oi.jii ;ipi-Th na Bofitia npoTHBT. C'Lp6nH. To- 

. BCe HeC'bMH'BHHH HCTOpHHeCKH (JmiCTH, KOHTO Off 

. fla ee uoflTin.pflflBa'n, iro Ha'raT'bK'L, Bb TeieHHe- 
pacKaaa. HsmOoio 3a PyccHH H*Ma huovj uo- 

IIIHO, OTKOJ1KOTO eflHO o6mp CbTJiaCHe, eflHHl. CbHiSl. 

jiy 6ajiKancKHTB fli,p>iiaBH. Tobb m 6h othcjio 
iBara aa iijieTOime hh hhtphth, c-BHHae Ha paaaopn 

JKAVOCOfiHim — TOBa H 6« OTKffiCU/RJIO rojlUlillil 

ia HefinoTO cbpnue. .... Mnoro no-onacHoe 
Haci., iiHiue TaTiuut-BL, cu,CTaBHHneTO Ha efliia i|iefle- 

mHfl OTT> T'ECHH CBpl3KH MeHCfly TpilT'B flT>pJKaBH: ( 'l»p- 

5hh, PyMSHHH h BiiJirapHH. . . Th hh6h 3anyniH.ua okoh- 
naTeJiHO tiauiHn npaBi. cyx'b rirtii'b kt.m - e. npojinBHTfc n 
)B nocjiyiKiijia, i,;mi Mor,T.in,e3 opAflne, B'b pAU'b'iii Ha 
min'B aparoBe. . ." '(, 




— 156 — 

Otl camrrfe rfesui jxyMH ce BH>KAa, Koe e Ha&-3Apa- 
boto cp1>actbo »a ycHropflBaHneTO Ha HeaaBHCHMOCTbTa 
iia 6a^KancKHT , fe AtpraaBH, ,6e3> rfcx'b Aa rn e rpiiHca, 

40 Cb TOBa me Ce OTHeMe Bl>3M03KHOCTbTa Ha PyCCHH 

Aa ce HBAHPHe no rfcxHHTk pa&rfeHa ao crfeiiHT'fe Ha 
IJapnrpaA'b. 



«>o$<K*>«~ -- 



. i v* :.".:■■ !■■:■.. » '. i u 1 m ■ . ■ fc » i ; » ,- ^ ■» -• -11 loroBOpH 3a 
'/bMfi.U. •;'.. •• ih-j ii -w.u.i it-.titix.t ibpiK.i*! P\oiirt" (PfelKra Ha 



TjiaBa BTopa 
noBefleHHeTo Ha Py ccha 

bnrapo riihi^KaTa ivbptcoBHa pacnpH. 

innaTi.T'i> h Xuth — Xyuaioiia h rfcxno'ro aHaiemfe aa Hkoho- 
koto, ayxoHHm-i) » ni).'i)M-H<iei-iioTi) npi«'>y*.i;.iaHHi> Ha fruirape- 
- EopflUTa aa utpisoBHaTa ariTOHOMan. — HeflmiflTT. iid.ihth 
i xapaiETcp'L. — UTriouieiirteTO na irl:.i;"ii pyi'L'Kii c:iuiihii<jijiii.iii 
, Tii,.]! iijHKirrt in.|iKUBHii HCKaHHH. — PyctKau iUiljjiiiHaUhiH 
rapo-rptiiKaTa itlpkobhu pacopn. — PyccM najuip'Ka na- 
mi. — ^BycdHCfleHOTO ti noseiPHHe kwi fit-irapprfc. — 
HmaTHeBi. ce dpotkbh Ha 0TA*jieHHeTo Ha iVi,.'h;i]k rl; 
naTpiiapuiuHTa. — no HcitaHHCm na Hi*H:m\i>B:i rypci.iiirn, 
l, 3itTii'iiin;i TpHMaTa 6iJirftpcKfl Ei.TaaimH. — /Inech PyceiM ee 
a ki.mi. yiiLiiniWii'HiieTo na „ ex Mascara* n BT.;jBp'bui.aHiieTO Ha 
rLpxoBHHT-fe npana Ha ihnpiiapxa. — XapaKTepeHi, napaJieJn.. 



,&bjirapci(bif) Hnpn.ni'Hb rjiacb, mime PaKOBctttt, 
urb TOJiKOBa B"bKOBe HiiJiiaHHe, 3a ni-paii iiSTb non- 
i cjrynia 3BaHHiHO 11 BL'eo6mo orb BpeiaeHH tlh- 

Hun Bene noueHaxMe, ve w TaraHMara fi^bjiraperfe 

laxjn fopnaiiHecKH npaBa. Eflnin> 6'bJirapHH'b He uo- 

Dje fla BJiafllie HlataK'bB'b hmutl ocbIjh'i. uojvb micro 

-bkoh TypcKH riama, GeB hjih npoBHHn.HajieH'b cvji- 

, Eh> pejipiH03HO oTHOiuemie rfe 6-bxa He catio (pan- 

ho a lopHfln'iecKii uoflinHemi Ha (peHepCKaxa 

pwapuina. BbJirapcKoxo mmc 6tuie aaMliiieno i: i. ypyMi 

i (rp'tuKa HapojiiiocTb). TatftHMiiTa Ha ACflyvn. 

t (Le eygne de Danube) r. 1. AnpiMiH 



- 158 - 

MeaHtiwa cm. 1839, HaTLpTam, oin,e orb CyjiTiiHii Mux- 
uym, KOMyro PyccHfl He flaae &a ro fffenefle, HasipuiH 
(•AHH peuojitoUMfl, n.fi itaro TOfl iipHSHa Tp« IIJIOAOBHTH 
no nocjrbflei UHflia ch npmnniiia: I-bo paBHonpaBHe mew- 
Jiy noflamiBmvrfe h;i TypUHH, '2-o ycuropHBanHt 3 n;i <ie- 
CTbTa HMt ii 3-to ycHi'opHRaHne Ha hmot;i Bin. it cbo- 
6oflHOT(i ynpaHftieHae Ha aanaHTHTJi h rbpiOBHjrra. 

PaKoucKH mhoto enpaBejuiHBO aafi'BJTBBBa, 
Baataa |H'ipDpMa 6-biiio e^Ho ecrecTBeiuio larfcACTBlie an 

BATpBlllHOTO, HKOHOMIIIeCKO pa3BHTHe HB TypLI.IIH. I loc- 

.TB^FiitTa i>TjaBHa 6 "Bine cxaHSJia cuHa 3acej.H*Jia A*tp- 
Bcasa bt. kohto ct. itaiceaTO 11 roJrBMa 6aBUotTL, hi. 
ce paaBBBax* fioraTCTBaTa. Meoro nauiH, 6e"OBG n tgy- 
ni airaTHii Typmt BJiajrlmxiK ro.TEMn npocTpanCTan Bdm, 
i'o.tbmo craaa flo6nrbifb, ooaie, re He ce yrlioiax* en- 
rypHfi hhto -38 cbohte huoth, jjbto 3a cboh atmum. 
„IlpH uapyBaHbeTO ua BCH'HtHcyjrraHH ao A'uy.n. \Ir,i- 
wnaa, HSB-bcTHo e se najwmaxa luiaine npaao rs iiaiuv 
ace ii rjii.pTb, kojto ij aa e ori> eBOHrfc mhhhctjih, 

BHCOKH Cilllt'BHimtl HVIH SoraTH BJiaiTETeJIH II Jit HM't. KUH* 
■i'ihl.v i:;i HMOTa, 6e31> HHKaKBH BHIlil, a CaMtl 3H1U.0TU Tbil 

»y cKHHBaLtic ITpoiee, cadHrfc ro.TEMmi ri.BliTBaxA 

BiBejKj.aiiiicTo h;i TaH3HiiaTa, aa ja Typim. nofl-b sa- 
i;pii.ia cBOfl tiMOri, a jkhsott., khRto ii a,-feflCTBHTejJHO 
ol.iui' jrmiMftHli CJThffli tOBa" '). 

Il.lHiiiHO e JW Kawain,, >!t> He h'l csmiis paarfepl 
ce rtcooaayaa on. Dp-feoopasyBaHBeTO ii psm. . 
Ti.fl e Bi.m. on. npOTHBop'Biue Hect.uH'BitHH norma.. 

H .:il.ii;i i-.l tlUOIiJ.ll HlI ("'(..irJOfrfe li'bV'l. IIU.'IHTII- 

necKa ii lyxoeea caMOAtflTejiHocTb. lib ome no rojrlmo 

b-napert 'Vbint 1 Xsth XynajoHa, ii3„ia- 

ii, IlapHiKi'iuifl n.Msaein. ^oroBopi) (1856). 

X.iTii Xyu.iiowvrb 6-feuic Baieem- 3a 6iaraperB ae ro» 

i i.uil Aa&amt' irfeKaRBU xfcficTBHre ihh 

... B3FfecTiio, qe TypoHfl He ro 

Hm llOl'.lyiKIl 

i rapaHTHpajub ua 

xpininan?TB i.\anb MiotitMyitb on. iipasa, sa AOCllBa- 






* IKO Hi 

* .HT-fe ( 



mteTO Ha KOHTo t± najiymxXi jieraJlHO, 3BHHH4BO, npa- 
ini3HiiTO ot'l irbjia Espooa n TypUHH, npaBo aa ce 60- 
jii.viii,. [I iiMrnHM nt.pxy rfcaa j,Ba HcropHiecKH aitTa, 
TaHa iMiiT.n n XaxH XyMama, Hspacre i5op6axa hh oi..i- 
raperfe 3a lepKOBHa HeaiibiicEMOCTb. 1 ) lib h lepKOBHata 
:inTi»m iMjui 3a 6'i.JirapeT'I; He o'feme ocb-ehi. cahhtj cbm- 
' 6*,tt;wuaTa rfexHa noitBTUiecKa aBioaomn. 
lero hu G-wirapuKata csofiofla narp1>Baijie. Hero- 
nu'ii JJAHH Tp' bobs rue ,ia mhh*ti. iip1i3-b ;iynaTa Ha 
jnyxomia'ra He3aBHCHHOCTb, 3a fla iiajitoari. o'ii> Tawi, 

__ ((.icTaTTiNHO HOrAll^H A3 llOANHJlflTT, H CBMaTa TypCKa 

iwepa. 

Bcuiito TOBa He Moxteme a.a H3.6f.rae on. somkoto 

Ha pyccKai'a /uaujifuaaunfl, hhto gtt» Toea Ha pyo 

uiaut!Hou>iiJiu. B'i, 6'bJirapcnoTO utpKOBHO ;lhh>i(i.- 

nOCJI'bjUJHT'B BIVTBXA H:iH'h,pHCHHO Ha BTiaCTLTB Ha 

larpnapxa, ajia jipHHmiiii/ri. Ha caMiiA'f'pJKaBHeTO h 

ipHHmina Ha narpLi;i]iXunit'ia BJiacib c* ranitOBa. 6ViH3KH 

— - hoto t1> c* noq-j-H en,ao k c«nj,o h1jui,o* ! ) BiJira- 

GBeTOTaTCTBeRO nocerHaxm Ha Ta3n B.iacTb. „T1> 

ix* sa iiaTpnorn-Jna. 3a HapoitBara 6-bJirapcK.a H/iefl, 

ia npaBOCJiaBHero Hunani, hl* inn, HA'feuie 11a yiia." ! ^. 

iitOH Mfa'ATi. JW i.'u)[(.y,ti., ie oi-iraperfc He c* oiiacHH, 

ca c.'iafiii, hi, na TOBa cjiaBsnotpHJia JleOHTHti'-t 

lOBapn: B Bapjv»Te ce, Kaaajit Cyjia 3a MjiajiMfl K)jmfl 

leaapb: bi> TOBa jybrc JieasTb ;i,eceTb Mapiiebmi (ae- 

iiH.panr "1. VI HaoCmo onac)ioi:TbTa aa Pyccwa .lejKH 

1% jieMOKpaTHUMa. . . B ATHHCKara aeMajioniH, arHHCKHfl 

■ lapjiaMear't. — t'TO BparoBc'iii Ha Pyccaji BparuHerfe Ha 

ifHtsaTa, BparoaeTB na pyccicoTu caMOA'tpataBHe, a hg 

'I ,nocJi1i napaateKHfl Koarpcct. a iraj.iHiaii.trri' 
Wtchh cyJiTancKM XaTH-XyMawm. ott. '28 4>eBpyapHfl ). 
Me*HT-t Hii fiTJirapeT* m 
«*Ji5tLi'bMtnTe.Tiio ce pt.whhh\» 

WanitejlBB'. II. A. MaTB-te bt,. 

IfeBrpeeca. HcropHTeth-ifi O-iepK'b. 



^ 



UT.pKOBHO yiJJiH Pl-li'UlL-- 

HacTOiVmiiii H 

[Jo.irapHH uocjrb Eep.iui!ii-K;ii'u 
11. 1897. ct P . i>6. 



') JleOHTteB'l.. T. I CTp. 

»| Ibid. t. 1 CTp. +•). 

T. 1. OTp. IBS. 



— 160 — 



I 



(paBapnoTtrrfe, ne apxaepeHrfe, He uaTpnapcMrfe, He mo- 
Hiicur-fe on. I'p'MiKa np-bBb* 1 ). 3a61urtJKHTeAHO e, 4e, 
KoraTO r. JleoHTHeBi, e nacajn. tobs, Toft He e Stun. 
TatrtB3n p*feraHTejieHT. npoTBBHMCb Ha fruirapCKaTa qep- 
KOBHa HenaBiR'nurjCTb, KatcbBTo cTaHAJn. nocjrfe HeftHoi 
BiiBeHijiaHHe. 

He 7io dpyiame MUCAtowe, loeopnute u (ltt,iicmeymt 
pjfccxama dutuoMauux. Hao6mo Beflsoro uojinateHi 
frfeiue KHoro m^'jho. On. eaaa cTpana Pyceafl 
HHrepecb aa noji.pwa BtpxcioeHCTBOTO na riarpnapxa J | 
ToBa ho caiio, sampm pycataxa n.nnJWMan,HS, ei. pac 
Kauajiata ce ma/ma 3a napii qheHepcua iiaTpiiapmHi 
HaMHpame eaHO ya.o6ao cp'bacTBO B r b HHTpHTHTfe 
ne may npaBocjiaBHMrfe, h'l, oine, aampTo saKp'BiiHBfiHi 
ero u-BJioityii Hocrtra Ha naTpHapiuecKara bjibcto aa Py. 
cafl frsnie fiimi'b ipawaaein. n^iiiiifiiiiui.ivHh m.npi 
CHJiara aa pycCKOTO bjihhhhc an Mctok'l ce i;u, ih> 

Bailie Bt HeflHIJTIJ t'.HHt.m'BpCTBO C'b THHKaUlHHTL XpilL'lh 

bhp. VKpfcriBBaHHeTO Ha TOBa ejiHOB'Bpiie Ha DpHBOC 
BiieTO fitnie, npoiee, 3a PyecHH cm, KaiiHTa/ina mix 
HocTb. Ajia 6i>Jira perls, c'b cbohth 6op6a apOTHB% i 
rpnapiuMHTa, HaHacHX» yaapn Ha aBTCipnTei'a iia i 
CJi'BflHfrra n na npaBOCJiaBHero, Koero tb iip-fejtcTaftl 
Baiue. Oute noBeie, ne, bi. csmHocxb, fitJirapei* <X>pl 
maxA Haft ivuibuu BHUMaane Ha muiuimtecKMiui CTpaea 
na Bbnpoca. T'B noawiHHX* 0TBJTBteBBT"b KaHOHH ua _j 
npaBOcjiaBHara ivtpKBa na cbohtb Hac/MUHii n peajura ■ 
uojiHTHiecKH HHTepecii, TaaH 6"Bnie eaH;i CTpaaa bb » 
Bi.npoca, hi. HMa h apyru • itia crpaHa, iiohto, cxuqd * 
Ti.fi He MOsKeme aa naCrEiue orb BHRinaHHOTO Ha PycCHfl, - 
E'bJirapcKHfirb uapoAt ce H3flHrHA [i , i.jil , h , i. < i. -= 
HaaejHflH h BBpa bt. eaoero 6*flA'Ue. MciHteine jih Pyc — 



') Ibid, ctp- 227. 

! 1 T, C. PaKOBl'KH. B'l..ll;ij,(.T:!,lli r.i.polli' il!;i.e« b Htllpr 

(HairaeaHO an (JwirapcKH it py«»HtKH!. c?p. !). II o panel C 
Oeagypa, cjrfcp. keto apojiwiKuiia. 9 neciiw cLWHfl 
KOBCKi! ,H'feKu.iKo pfc'iii u Acfaiia nepBOMj',* aanpirs 
itcthth, :vtm<.irij .ei- ciinjitrnyBaT'b nsTjrb lrtuaii en ajjoyuoi 
HHH rpiUKartl CU'bUl'-Hr.'lKl". . . (r.l. tipfeAHCJlOBHCTO I 

p-t>!H ii up. B-tiirpafti.. I860 i\). 




can ('"■■.!■!. \a ocjIuGh iuhhhih'to ch, hoc-to tfl Rename 
.1.1 una iiajri, nern, fla OTaua neno iipoTHBt iieroBHTh 
jiyxoBim HHTepecu? OcB-feH'b TOBa "SpamuM n Aucjihh 
iv BawbcHx* bl. iiHjria ha fiBjirapex* a ct> TOBa np-fc- 
li.T.cpax.T. pyccKOTO rsjiHHiiue Me>Kay test-. Eto una pofla 

IHH, KOMTO aplutaflOXift Ha pyCCKHTB JVEftCTBHH 
;liIIL CKpHT'L H aBOfiCTBeH't xapailTL'p'b. 3a aa HO H3- 

■>'hj ■ ■ is. i : 1 1 : i i'ii ii'i. naTpnapuiHHTa, a c&nfoaa He qt6- 
ii SiiJir'apert cm. cefie ca, PyccBfl frbme npn- 
i nu jfbHte dch'ikh, airafl — wie 6i.wf/ir>ii'i,'). 
I l.ni-iiiiup'Mi, PyccHH ee BiiCnpOTHBB aa Bcferio 
liiiKinuu' i.i Oi^rrapcKaTa 11,1. puna uti, BjiacTbTa na 
ijieHCKHJi naipiiapxi,. Pvcckiihti. nociairHHin., irni- 
. UniiiTiiLin,. aaM-feCTHHlCfetT. na KH. JIo6aHOBa, Sflfl- 
x, •!<■ . r iii.'!i. oCHOBa Ha npasaTa na rpT.UKiin ca r r- 
pxi,, iipii3uaTHOT r i.cyjiTaiici(M i|>fl|i.\iann, p;i34l;JieHHeTO 
ilpiii.iOi'Jlanii:iT;i [TLpKBB hi. TypHim ill' Oiiisa ga ri'iitii'." 
■ iit'piHOTu HUKBHHe HaeHHO I lupTiiTa ce i>Tita3ajia A^ 
H'i,|ii;iiniia aBTOHOUHfl hb {Ji.JiraperE. On. ftpyra 
liiHa. nt) m-niiHin'To mi pyccrtHfi nociaHmirn., naipnap- 
Hta nenpa in 1.1 Oi.JirapiiH.'i 1 'lapn'mifl aa BJiaAHKt 
. TTiMHiiiiiii'Ka'ia euapxHfl, KaTO ee h;>,i.'!;hji;i. ie rfaaa 
'i;it t'l-ri "r,i,iu;ii me rn 3a»iOBu,iK&Tb s ), 

Koraiti lliHiirnt'Bi. -i;if)h.ri;:iii.Ti., L ie npeieHmiHTa 
jraperfe pacTe, roraaa Ttifl ch npmiOMHBjrfe, ■m vb 






■ . ;i \ 1 1 1 1 r 1 1 - ; 1 on. 'ii.'[iri"H'lr.i;.ii, CfiOpH 
lip..):. KH. XI dp. 330. 

a l IbiiJ i"i|i. X'» :MI. I. ! .fl 1 1 h . 1 ] j 1 1 m nil |ijtc.k;iT;i .iiiii. 

■ I :■■ ■ I'l.llllilTiL CX. OI-l'rli.rta.'lHJl li'l. UH.'MilTil l!.l I ';! I;. IHCltfi 

2\ iiHvn|iiiii 11 I MiipTa 1861 r. jiat B'fcJirpiiflT. jo r. ^.'iiiniMuBT, 

[.: I p 1 1 ■ |i-. ' I CI'l.pT]] II. li. iUllllilTil Nil 1 'lll.TlllClill II lip. CTJ). fii [T 

■ ■ |kiktt> cloQj Ch. Krijsevier; I.) Qnii Bulgarskea, 

1. Ciiiii'i'i.'i.ii fjjidd 1 7 T>. l^SN r.) l.'.Y.iiifi'N ii|iii-innnn n I.'. Mn- 

b (JjpeneKaTa CTaTHfi mi b. jJeBirriifi ABryen (EpaB** 

Aiipii.niii 1887 1 ). Hei<a i.m'U.'tl'.-.iaijn, owe, 'to lauim. 

i.oiii'. '■ '>ii. ib iiocjurrauKb at, Biieiia, at e ofh.pH.awri. 

; E'tt/irpajn. aa iioqitanirm aa npjoiBp»«aan«e*Q mi 

I. in. u-; t |n>Ti, mil.". ti. 21 Mii|l'l'ii 1Si;J r. < I'hjri'ti 

. 112-113). Ha l>.i|i.iiiin'i;ua KijHi'pBCt Kauai. TnpTOKOin 
B.1B friarapi'-ii'iuVn, 'icpiMni'in. r'l.iipimi. i'iii.ti. |ii)i'iiit;i ii 
> lln,HCT[il;i;rlTi'.|i"l'.::|- DepjiOH. Koh. rip. 27). 

^^ 




co6cTBeHHaTa HeroBa ctpaHa ce ynoip-feSsBa ci ■ ■nu.iv 
i («WMA«etno. Tt)."i iioc-bB'feTBa.n. Be3npn Maxuyyj. !!<■- 
imt. aama ja iicnpaTti Ha saToaeHiie TpniiaTa &&srap- 
ckh BJia^HUH, Kara ro yB-Epujrb, He tobli nir i 
G-LJiraperfe no fijiaropaayitHn n 0TCTS.H1HBH. Beaaptn. 
korto ShjiTj ro.TBMii npnflTe;u> na llrHaTiiesa, n, KaTO 
pyccoipn;iT>, no menu fi'Binc cboopem, on, BJiaert, DO- 
ciTyuia.Tb HrHa-nieBa. Konno Ha Heai-ipa ce iip'li^CTaBH- 
,na ui..ii'MpcnaTa aejieraimfl oTb IlKonouoBb, OiaBefiKOBb 
a apyrii npivib aHaMeiiHTara jteuouprpaqHa iia 23 jiHya- 
pHfl 1872 r. jta HCKa ouBOtJowu-'HiieTo naTpimaTa BJia- 
naup. (IliapHOHb ManapHontuiCKH, MjiapnOH r b /foBiaHCKi 
h HaHapeTi. IIjiobahbckh), BtfjniKHSrb Be3npb caMt hmt. 

>, ie ran ne e 6hjit, aa aaTO'iaBaimeTO niib. n 
ro m : 1 1 j j i .■ t n i > . i ■ t - caao no Hai^oanaHHeTo Ha „6ajrbK4iifiTa" 
t. e. Ha reHepajib HrHaTseBa. 1 ) 

Ht>, B'Bnp'feKn BCftiKHrt ycHJTHH Ha lliHaTiieBa, ftut 
rapcitaTa HepitBHa HeaaBuciiMorrbCTaH;*.. OGaie, pyccua 
ra AHn^ouaHHH ne Modems an 3a6paBH, ie hoAhoto op* 
flae, n.apHipaj.c[(aTa (peinvpc Ka uaTpiiapiuHH, iiOHece iyB- 
CTBHtejiHa aaryfia. Ilpn bcekh e;imn. yaoGtm't MOUeHTt 

:Tapae aa ii QOBAHrHe 3ary6eHtn"l> npaBa 
poTo Bejin i iHe. Oa\r,e ci-fcA'B o('Bo6ojK^eHneTo Hapwrpa/i. 
ckhh pycciai iiocjiaHHiiKb, IIoBnitoB'b, ce cTapai-'Uie ja 
npnMHpH eK3apx»HTae3, narpHapiuiiHTa. 1 ) ToBa, paafnip 
ce Mome 0$ ci'ane casio cl B'b3<"raH<JBHBaHBeTO, «? m03u u.i 
0HO3U (j/OpMCt. BtpXOBHOTO m.pBOHOrBO Ha ^Hepl.. Cji-fcai' 
2 (peBpyapHfi — .noMHpeuueTO* 1 , tji noncKa aa saopssi 
naKT. caiin,eTO. BT.npoci.Tij e cera sncmm, H-b I 

CBMH-GHHe, 4C aKO pyCCKOTO BJ1HHHHL' Cc yCHJJHi't BT, CTpa 

HaTa, He e flakiest laca, Korara pyccKaTa Aitii.TOMan.ii 
me hh HajioHtu ayxoBitaTa BJiacrt Ha (peaepCKBTfe naj 
repa, ToBa, Koero bt. tosh ciyian Han mhoto iiH'rep< 
cyBa Pyccua, to ne e n/bJiOKyiraocTbTa Ba np&BOCJiaBiM 
o AOKTpiiua h jwi'Marb, a ihito oputurunwci. Kofi 
to, no cbohtIj cpopiia a no cboh Mexaniinurb, me ce upw 



*• (Ei.irujn'na c6i 

*) A. UloUOffL. (II Jl I 



Ii! .(LI H(>|IKOBHaTa HH uc 

)Ka, r. I. kh. IX. rTp. 678 >< 679| 



-1«3- 

6jiHMCaBa ao PyccHH, KaTo noAHTimecKa opraHH3atjriH rf 
me ft nocjiyrfcH 3a rpaMaAeHi> jioctt> bt> He^HHrfe MaHeB- 
pH. Ht He e jih noyqHTejieHb ABotfHaftrb CTpeMeacb Ha 
PyccHH Aa noBAHrHe aBTopHTeTa Ha abI* Haft aHTHAeMO- 
KpaTHHecKH yqpeMCAeHHH — naTpHapniHHTa ott> eAHa 
CTpaHa h cyjiTaHCKaTa BJiacTb orb Apyra? 



-JOfr— 



k. 



\Y 



To/iaBa TpeTH 

i 

PyccKo-TypcKaTa bohm bt> 1877-78. 

(Enoxaxa Ha A/ieiccaHApa ||). 

HacTpoeHiie'ro iia pycrKOTo ooiuecTBo Ha apyrHfl Rem* cji'bfl'b nopa- 
5KeHiieTo bt> Kpn.Mi,. — Pjiacone, koiito HCKaTt petf)opMH. — Pe- 
BO.iK>mi>iTa Ha upara. — 3a ;ia up'b;iynp r b;ui peBO.rioiWflTa .OTAO-ny", 
A.icKcaH^p-h II npaBii peiJ)<>})Mii r orrop1>. rt - MsroHBanHeTO Ha TaTa- 
perfc H3T. I\pu.M'i. h FiaMhpt'HUHTa Ha Pycvnn ;ia nfrbcciH 6i>Jirape- 
rb na-i. Typinwi bi> Pycrmi. -•-- HefiHurb MaHeBpn. — IIpoTecTyBR- 
iHHflTt r.iaci, Ha Pai.-oKcKii. — CBiip-bnoTo HcTp'feOBaHHe Ha KaBKa3- 

KHT'B HO.IVHtMaHlK'UMH II.'iaiNIHIUl OT1. PVC.CHH. — Bl>3CTaHHeTO Wh 

llo;nna. — ;>.u»;vhiVKin"b iin.uiiiru iia MypaBiieBa j.B'binaieJifl.* — 

npoTecTa Ha pvcOKiirh <.»Miirpairm bi> J1ohaoh?> upoTHB'b 6e3MHHHfl- 

a B'i» llo.iina. - liopoaia MevKjy pyceKiiH uapH3MT> H pyccKHTB 

peBo.iioniioiu'pii. — Hv^obiiiuhoto up-Bc.TBjBaHHe upoTHB'b MepHH- 

meBoicH. — BofiHara. h-aro «vrBn;uniV? • .xbfleTBHe npoTHBt B&Tp'Biii- 

Hiirb MMMiioTiiii. - - PycciiH ' iicKa ;ia cne«ie.in 3ary6eHOTO no fla- 

piDKChiui ,inroR<>pi>. — RiaronpnATHOTO HarrpoeHHe Ha 

Enpoua bi. no.i^a Ha Pvcchh. 



A.ioKcaH^p'i. 11 uo.iy i m o;mo TBT>p;rfe TeacKO Hac- 
.tb;u*tbo, m ;v»-."iru ro.muu Pycnm Tp^Baine aa ce „ct>b- 
auMa*. K*aicTi> o» napasHnauie Kii>i3h FopHaKOB'b, npi>AH 
A.a uoMiU'.'iii :ia nluiaKRo cepiinaiio ;vhflCTBne Ha ilcTOK'b. 

lii>\rpl; Pyri-MH niuuo uKOiioMimecKii onponacTeHa. 

Hllii Bi!lU\Mt» 1V«U\ KaKUH* CTpaillOHI* A<mJ>HUHTT> OCTa- 

bii i Iiiko.ui m. iV»vl;in» rona iiimoto liaco.ieHiie C'feuie 
oiu-nu;uit>. Ill on. ipyra rrpana iiopaaceHHOTO, KoeTO 
nplvn jail, i.ij' ::;;::! Ilr.hv.ian m> KpiiMh n HeroBaTa cko- 
poimia i-v. ;p:-» . m"« »!■;: . - i i - i\>*puirt; na PycoHfl ejwwh 
rTpamni :< ix-i>; i ■: . Kr !Mi;i; j;v\.y» ia .miliar*. CBoCofl- 
no. u r..-.i^r-- :«.'.' m :■■-.■ i ■ ii iiMitMrivmuiHTa ce H3;wr- 
n.v\Ax • i!»-i i >. : :■• s . .* . .oi*a i.o-ro.rh.Ma, kojikoto 



noiific aapcKara Bjiacxi. ce ycfeiqaine BWiQBHa 3a no- 
r[K!.Mii, koAto noaecG Pyccafl. IH Maccara, m> npocB"bTe- 

HHTE eJlOPBe Ce , .!;mVI;.|];:;;i [',.1.110 [M:on.[0.i::n!lir, la'irTO 

iianrfepii CBoeTo B'bpso exo bt> SepiteaoBHH ,KoAOKOAl* t 
i-i:uariatn- i;i. JIoiiflOHii, niaca Ha koUtq ce pa3Hacflnre 
no trfeJiaTa npoc-rparwa PyccuH. PeBOJi»mMiTa frfeuie i 
:para. Bcimicn l* o'lmaiax,!, oiattBame e» ii ^mmiui 

J'in.'fii],i.;i! oSp^maine cs rofi in> pfcwra en aq 

[pCKOBeKOTO ABIlpHUCTUIJ, illl-AUfiji't mi" fi.VL^r ,(:l C 

^T'h [ipoM'tiiinrli OTrop-6, otkojikoto OTflosy" 1 ). 3a na 
'■fcriH' peBOjilomiHTa ..m'.i.ojiy" , Ajifia.'.-m/ipi.. !I b* H3- 
rLpiuri ,oTropb,° itaxo OcboOohh cciflHei-B. 

3a aero tobs (Vbhic eflna M'BpKa 3a nasHa omFniu- 
\m< Tuna, uy ce naAiu'aiuc orb nT.-rp-iau- 
■ no Pyci'ita. P'i. (.-,y. tiuivn nr%Jii> rofl r.i- 
icine H"bKOJl[to apyii pe{popMH, lOHI'O, l;:i'.! i;,IMj|- 
mv AJie«canapi. HI ymuunatH n.-m nrpaHHin, 

06ii'K j , AjreKcaHHpTi il Stun np'bjvH bcbhko >-. i.hm i. 

Kqbckh oapjb, koSto G'Bnie <!iia3HJit bchikotHj hhctbi 

i n iipiniH'iKii Hii r,i.Hin, nevnoTh. Ha cbmhtb pe$op* 

11, KOHTO HpflB'klTU.', TOfi I'Jlc'Mlilc, l.'il TO HO efiH8 BSTptr- 

a^Ta orb HyscAaxa — otCTiMiKa. II kl bchikii apyra 
•qaw TOii ce BOfl-BlUi?, KaTO .■inniinn. cum. BB I liii.-ojiaa. 
TyKi. lmfl me onHinenn. a.Ba Momeiira on. n@roBg.Ttl 
*Tp'fJiiiHa iiojiiiTiiKa: HeroBai'a riojiRTHKa bt.. Kptm u 
iaBiiua'h orb e;ma crpawa n bt. [Iojutia on, .ipyin. 

CjrfeflTi KpHneitaTa BoSna AjieitcaH;tp^ II i[[d:,'uipiie 
iroHBanHt'To na TaTapeii; nat Kpmn.. ll/Lii.Ta, i.nirio 
fcCKOTii npaBHtejiCTBO roirtiue ci TOBa, Glwie naJUffl 
3 apyra: to an-feae Bt cnopa3yueHne c% xypciraTo npa- 
rejitTBO a.)i npftena TaTaperfe, kbtO CBOH <- i.hoh-1-.jhi.ji 
eBponeflc-KHrfe en ocjjiacTH, a du »#«{« fo-iiapenwi 
: omuniwn, n a- nimvcMinnnn. m, I'yrcnx mi micmomo 
iiii'iikipriiuh. TypcKOTo npaiiiiTfJicTiM iia.'i.a;te i 
HCKtiHOTu nciBBOJieHHe. Hi. B'bJirapHfl aan 
:ckh eHRCcapB ,v< ihmimhhti. i"i i, ir;ipr. r t: ;\a ce n|>!> 
larb bt. PycCHH. Hi. Mil. i ii it i. ce inijopn.na ffO»e 



') .Ko.TOitoKT,". JiS 2 oi"t 1 An 
it A. 11, XepniSRa. Tup. II), 



J'I'i'L ISoi. lUO'ljIMIjin, l : Til- 



— 166 — 

nientia.iHM pyccKa Kai-mejiapi-in, BOneHa on. nlsKofi To 
nieoh, aa yjiecneHtii? an npfccejieHuaT/fe. TypcKoro upa 
iRTeJiCTBO HaiuHpaiue bt> TfiBa jofipa urimca: npaBocjiaa 
iihtU f> i. Jira]". 1 iipl;c"iauax,T, ;;a My CMymaBan. paooxffrt 
i,-:ito OTHiiux*. noflt nroTO h.i npaBocjiaBHHfl pyci-Kn 
uapb, a Ha tbxho wbcto cufffcxiR MoxaMRjaHHTt TaTape 
('o(piin€KMfiTt Xacawb— TaKCBiiTj nama an me npaBan- 
Bajit 6i,jirapeT'B h ct aaiuiameaHHe rn Kapajib/ia eiiHr 
papari' bi. Pyccas 1 ). ToraBa co iyn omwiSro. rjiact i 
PaKOBCKii. .Kimvl; oTnaaTe, o, HeiaacTna 6i.jirnpe!til>'i 
PyCCHH, ocB-fcin. roJIHTB n l.nnii nyCTHBH, iaKS i 
oHOBa TeatKO poScTBO, on> kpcto HHKora ue aoarere ce 
orbpBa* 3 ). KaTO ciiofiinaBa »p aKTa 3a npt>ce.ie«neTO 
,T,u "mviouy m, tTHCHOTO en on. 12 Mail ISG1 i'., PaKOB 
can mime: ,Ax-h! jh cji. cera poaojiioChbb 6i>Jirapn aa 
ce petuaTT., a& MpaTTi h ja ocoofioanrb frfejuiaro { 
Hapoja on. KOHro.icnaro TapancTBa? Eano lORaiifo i 
Orapa n.iamtna flBBMteHHe chtko MOHte an yaaqTOHSB, Taut 
Tain.! Hauia cboCojui me en ocnoBe! .Moate jib aa 6iKjie 
no ropKO n no aia.iocTHO noJioateaae on. aameTO .naeci 
CBtmenHH an BMipoi'i, norhnKain.. napn.iHa mi TO>pKOBa 
MTBopeiia, yiBTO.ni on, MaaeAoaaa ce reman, a at 
-i.«nntui saTB&pjm., Bapojrt hii ce h;i cn.ia npuc-feJiBS 
. uycTB PyccBH, mo ocTasa B-feh-n ss Ham,, fifam 
Urapn? He e in no coajuto on. bchtkb tbh 
RB&mxa cin>pri>? ...*') 

Koran pyccROTO npaBirre.iCTBii rotrfeme taraper 
nxn Bi. B'Kirapiia, a Mairfcme Gt-irapiirfc aa c 
■ i Pvcmia. xa BOitme c*meBp^aeHHO iial 
BCTpioHTeJiHt) Boflaa npoTiiBt aesaBHcnwrrfc aaBKaam 
Kl rt BoftcKH, Quae TuxoiiBpoBT., npa 
ce np^OKaxA l 
ti im crpaaaTa, ont/cmouiatarx. mn**cx « j 

,1). 1WWH MVh H,},int*-W N.lH pXXB. Pj 

aitv.n'TBo lip-fci/ioaea timm yjanmsTTin. n i 



■ ■ 

*) I]]>4tM»Mn«FTO trfc PywM ■ op. itji J 
) <Hpm it up. rtp ! 



i: ji.ni ,1:1 ce upiinvurn. m, aojitinara na KyGati 

K*b me 6S.J.ATH, IICTp-fefieHH BCHIKIl. njlaHHHiUITij 

■ tiplicejins^, noBeiero B r L TypnaH" 2 ) 

TOBa, KOL'TO B'i.piJlHX* e^HH pyCCKH BiWHOHava.!' 

\ Bi. KaBKaai., /ipyra Bi.pniexA CAiueTo, ct> He 
> MRJiKa CBiipljnocTE, wi, riojima iio^t Hoca aa uhbhjih- 
30Bana Efipona. 

naima B^i-TaH^i, h th ft-feine othobo yaaBeaa bi. 
oi;eain- ott. Ki.pBH. Tyift ce npociiaBH MypaBHCB'i. ..Bt- 
maTejiBTi.". Ton yfinBame a cVkcEiiie nowm n hcbhhhii 
n.'i'hfiHHiiH, fiiiHiiip ei. HarafiKB sneiia, samoTo n-Eflvm 
HaimoHa.iHiia xmmhi., a jipyra, aaiaoxo tiocfejiH Tpaypi., 
a Hafl ceTirl; MypiiBiiein. {rketmie Te«tKo paeeHH xopa. 
— y.iMHHT'B Ha BapuiaBa noiepBeHHX*. Ilo TpoToapar-B 
ce nptcKanie iobtuiikh Mo:n,BT., a no crbrffHTB iia 61>- 
cii.iioi ce jiKwrfeexfli TEJiara Ha hoj]Ckht"b repon. „FTofl- 
jTOCThTa iia HH3i(HTb, orpaHHicmni; r iicxaGeHHrfe Ha- 
•rypit, HHiiiPHje Xepnent, acntKBa sh BcaiKaTa TliXHa 
na.ii. upn cTpaxa a HyBC.TBOTO iia co6c.TBennoTO 6e3ca- 
Jine. Tt'dn anojtliH CTplumri. BoeHHonJiEHHH HaiajmHiiH 
— b4iho iieiyBaiio aaace oTraTLici. Aippnita. ... 

„3au;o w ce qyAHMi,, ie ctJuaTe-rfc AoCriBan. pa- 

1M HUT'EV y TEXT. VUi'A IfBJIB — fla HMTj 3aaHrHATT> 6oTy- 

Hurrfe, A T'E3ii 3aajo ySHBan.? SaujoTo rfe c» sBiipoBe, 
saiuoTo t* c* MepsaBUM. He, He e roaa, hhto BB'fepb 
TaicLBi, HMa, hhto flynta. 

..rio'iHBaHTe caeTH MAHeHHUn! EjnHT) Jieiib, pyc- 



, pymta MecTb 
jiain! . . ." 

Ha apyro mtjcto tob naiti. iiHine: 

„Ho ja.ieiB ajioa'EficTBOTo, Haca^aeTo a najiaiecr- 

< He MorsTT, a.a wfljun,. Tt.h ce e BOflHJia TpajteceT- 

iflOiUHara BofiHa, rtfi c* cMaaajm EoxeMUJi, tlR flHBaim- 

h bt. Abhh h AtppHtoi acTp-kGaaxi. ubjm iiokojiIshhh. — II 

i ouie paOii — pHTopa h pofia — ftotfTpmrepH, kohto 

:^aBRxi. roBa 3Jioa r fefieKO uapysaiibe! II nMa 6e3yima, 

ibto npoc.TO.ayuj ho samiiTJiBarb tobr Ki.pBaBO upaBH- 



'] La Russie Sociale elt, j». *tj 



BcHHKHTE IlpaBIITCTKTBii Mpiiotil Hil'l I. 'II'iTi .l.l'i' 

meTo ep'feacTBo: iwraTO Ha aapofln EipiBbTa My kho 
i;ii!iii. oieBBAHO, Tpt6aa aa ay ce n;inpann gjiho KpT.Q 
HCoycKanae — TpfcoBa fla ce o6bbji BOfitia- E.i.Ha boh 
BCEitora me oTBJi'EHe pacnaJieHHT'fi CTpacTH kimi. apy 
tohi«i, a, atto iiairaae no6t>aoHOcna aa to3ji, kohto 
ofiHBHBa, me My aaae aBTopiiTCTi, me My yarna anaei 
Ta on^e aa .jrwiro apbuie. B T^rpBuiHOTo peBoJiioiuion 
i*T,cTOflHne na PyccHH 6-feme aa pyccaoxo npnBHTe.'icT 
eftiia ro.Tt.Ma npHMima aa Buna BOiln;rra, kato OTBOHtfliu 
me ep'tflCTno 

Hi Tyai ce Hau-BCHXjs h bihkhtithh G;iaroiipiif 
na oCcTOHTejicTBa, kobto noMaraxjR. HaPyccnaaa CHii 
lu.pur, ■ip\-.3h eflHaBoBaa, B,inaiiHeTO, ci kocto, ce nc 
3yBame Ha Hctokt. ao ITapHHtcKHH floroBOpt (1851 
Hh3 Bene BHa+iXMe, ie nocjiLviunfiri. OTHe Ha Pycci 
iii-n,iio'iineaHaTa iipKBHJieraa ;;a noKpoBHTPJicTByBa xp 
craaHeri, KaTo if. nanpaBH BceoCinp eBponeflcao 
bo, OTHe n oin,e Eeccap;i6nn h Kft OTXB'bpJin nn> a° 
huh /lyHaBi, h Hafl certi'b jihujh f.T, on npaBOTS 
flnra aplinocTt h Ha flipwtH Boefma cpjiOTa bi He 
hoto Mope. Li e/itia aywa, riapHsrcKHflTb aoroaopi i 
Ha Pyct-HH nptBHymecTBaTa, ei kohto ce tiojraysaaM 
Hctokt. h ("i.Bopn B.inHHiieTo 11 flo OHoaa aa eaHa o6n 
HOBCHHa eaponeficKa aipataBa 11 aaace no-ao;iyoTi bjih 

HHeTO, KOeTO HHaXA Anl'JIHH II #paHD,HH BI TypCKH' 

paSoTB. Bi HaflBe^epneTO Ha BOiiHaTa TOBa riojioMten 
aa PyccHH He 6'Biue ce CTimecTBeHHO ush'Bhhjio. Ha 
cTHHa. ne PepMaHHH, bi 3aMfiHa na ycayraTS, koht 
nanpaBH AjieKcaHflpi npti3t> cjipamto— H/feMciiaTa bo! 
noMorHs Ha pyccnoTo npaanTejiCTBO Jia nojiym noAnH 
saBHero Ha rbfi HapeieaaTa JIoHfloncKa KOHBeHunn o- 
13 MapTa 1871, qp-feat kohto Ha PyccHH ce Aonycn 
othobo aa aiipiKH BoeHHa cpjiOTa bi HepHO-Mope. } ) 1 
bi bcbko npyro oTHomeHHe riapHJKCKHfln. aoroBopi OCT 
eauie bt. ciuia. Ha Pyccaa upTiAcroeuie, npo^ee, aa iiair 
3e othobo aa ao-THiia HyHaBi h aa CHC'iejlH othobo bjih 
hhcto en Ha Hctokt. MeHtflV xpHCTHaHerfe, kohto njrk, 



') MypTeai.'ii. Mesyi. op. I. 138, 



flapajHCKHfl floroBojn. (VtotiR en o6i>pnKjiH oiurt iclmi. 

:'.,Hl:i.ll:. !i H.'iii-ccTHt. Hflfl'L BCH1KH 1"B3H llpH'IIIHH, BOB- 

'in THKaXS PyccHH in.Mi, ejiiio BoeHHO il;i"KTiiiii' Ha Hc- 
toki., ce H3flnrame HeflnaTii „3fiB'JiTHfi Mf-ira", kohto Hh- 
BMafi, u;iHt.i!TO /la npufijinHtH omo, OTflaseia (in 

Bi.hi, bt. EBpona nojin;Ki3[]HCTn fijiaronpBfiTCByBa- 
nie Mimio hh PyccHH. $paHUHii Otuie euasatia, :i Fep- 
MiiHiin ce HaMKpanie ei. nafi-GjiiiBKH oTHOinemiH Cfe t»- 
pa: AflOTpHfl JiecHO ce iiOAKyiiaaiiie, ociaBaine caao Ah- 
I'jiiiir. II). tji el, 6enp;!:icMflHaTa uuJiHTHKa hb . lopga 
i;iiKiiH(t[i;i.i;iiL cawo Btpmeine paSoTirrfe na PyecHH. Ta- 
gtma frame BiHitaumOTO ccuioateiiHe B7. Eapona. B'b ca- 
MaTa TypiiHH Hapoflnrti ce frbxai paaABUJKHJiH. B"b3CTa- 
iiii:r[;i c.i I.,lr;ix.Vl eflwn CJl'BA'b Apyro B't BoCHa, Xepu.e- 
Pfflwaa, 1 . r-.TinpHJi'). Typnuri: nOTyuia Bax* BiacTattHflra 
n> ofiiinHOBemiaia en CBupliiiocTb n Kpi-BomaAHOtTK. Ta- 
na npl3^ii3En!.-a ctTpfloemie m, n'BJta Ehpona, oflmecr- 
neimoTo mh-biitio Ha kohto ce BCttasa p-tmnTejiHo B'f> 
nojina na OTJirapeiii 11 jipyniT'E xptiCTHane. HbA noMt- 
gXM£ in 1 ].'. 'ie caHO bt, Ahivthh ca ctbhajih 450 mm- 

THHXIT BT. MO.ijgn na filiJl rape KOTO fltiJIO. Taan arHTBUHH 

ce p^KOBOflTiine on. rjiaflCTOiia. Hi. 11 B't. caMHfl koh- 
cepBa'riiBeH'L «s6mKTh na Bnnmicipn;fAa cAmecTByBame 

Dp) MOrmillO Te^CHHIi B'L IIOJI33 1KI fi'bJirapL'TB. Bchikh 

rh3H oOcTOHTCJiuTBa yciiJiBaxa iuaHcOBerfe Ha pyccita- 
t:i cnojivita. 



') IieiCil OTfi'Iyi'liJKIlMT., rWLTMJM'l., (jlilKTfl, W pyCCBtlTO njlilHH- 

e CBufl jiHieriF, «G,Toriin. in. nciwfelHHfl G-wiraprrcn n. 
I ae^ei'aT'L 61sme Hohiibi. 

1'i.ii'i i|irii-yjiiijiii iiii ijiiiT('i , j.im|iri l it , ' , F;:iTii r|iyn:i nil K'UiiiTeTii. ujj'li- 

. cinir. CB'feTflHHa. C'b HCiipamaHiceTO Ha cboA napo- 

t pyccKOTO npaBHTejicTBO uciuuiie jia noxtpwa jrwera- 

3ami(To to ce itairfeiue ckopo as ce BT,cnoJi3yBa ott. iiero. 



FjiaBa MeTBT^pTa 

MapHrpancKaTa KOH<s>epeHi^MH h aoi-obo- 
pHT*b bi» Cb. Cxe«t»aHO h ^ep^HHi. 

TpaHHUHrfe Ha E'LJirapHH cnopeAt D,apHrpaACKaTa KOH(f)epeHiuifl. — 
ILiaHtTL Ha Jlopaa Coji36epn w ct3AaAe eAHa BejiHKa BtJirapHfl, 
3a Aa npoTHBcwfeficTByBa na pyccKOTo Hanp^ABamie Kxifb IJapH- 
rpiiAt. — AHrvraficKa arHTauna bi» T03H avxt, uemny 6i»Jirape , rB wb 
BpljMe Ha JXuOvwoBun noxoAt. — IlJiaHT>TT> Ha JIopA'b CojratfepH 

lip'BAt CiKAa Ha pyCCKHT'B 0({)HUH03HH Il'ECTHHUH. - AHTarOHH3MT>rb 

Meauy Co.™6epn h EnKOHC(})H;TAa h mghthtb Ha nocjrfeAHHH. - Eh- 
kohc(J}h.iai> ocyeTHiwi p'feineHHHTa Ha IlapnrpaACKaTa KOH(f>epeHimH.— 
EBpona H PyccHH bi HaABeHepneTO Ha pyccKO TypcnaTa BofiHa. — 
Ha Pycciia ce noaBOJiHBa Aa boah BofiHa npoTHBt TypaHH caMO 
c-tbat> (J>opMajiHofo HefiHO o6 , EmaHHe, i ie Ta3H BofiHa me 6*Ae oc- 
BouOAiiTejiHa. — Cb. Oe^aHCKunTt AoroBop*L H'EMa 3a PyccHH peaa- 
ho 3HaHciiHC. — CpanneiiHe Me»<Ay IJapHrpaACKa h Cb. Ore<J)aH- 
cKa B'BJirapiiH. — #BycMHCJieHOTO noBeAeirae Ha PyccHH 

Ha EepjiHHCKHH KOHrpect 



Oi"L AHn.iioMaTHqecKHT'fe aKTOBe, kohto npljAiiiecT- 
ByBax^. BoiiHaTa, Haft-3a6'BjrB3KHTejiHHfl e IJapHFpaACKa- 
Ta KOH(|)epeHii.Hfl. 

Bl HOb¥t BancHo, nacTiio 3a Hacb, C^Jiraperfe, e ne 
HMemio tvkt> ce HaH-bpTax;*. rpaHHijHTlj Ha eAHa TaKaBa 
B'bJirapim, kohto cera e HCMHCJiUMa Beqe. LJaparpaACKa- 
Ta Kon(J)ppoimnfl onp'BA'fe.iH? **£ bi> rpaHHUHrfe Ha ab'Btb 
ofviacTii, ncTOHiia m 3auaAHa, orb kohto Tpi>6Bauie Aa 
ce cLCTon cnopeA'h p'feuienHeTo h no^y-aBTOHOMHa Btji- 
rapwH, ce o6xBaruaxA: 1-bo HcTOHHaTa o6jiacn>cb rjiaBeirb 
rpaA'h T'i»phobo n ct> caiiA>KaijHrB: TbpnoBo, Pycce, Tyji- 
va, BapHa, O.niBeirb, IIjiob;uibt> (6e3T> CyjiTaH-b-EpH h 
Axa He.ie6n) otl Kasnrb: K/K-pirb-KjiHce, MycTacJ)a-IIa- 
raa h K^v3^.TL-Araq , b; 2-po 3anaAHaTa o6jiacxb me HMa 
3a iviaBOH'b rpaA'b Co(J>hh ii me ce cbCTOH orj> caHA^a- 



I UlT'l:: r<n|'n:l, Bii.ukU:. Ilium., Cl toil Be, 1 mi huh nV.i-i, 
AB'hT'fe Ka3H na ion., on. TpHrfe (vbhpfiui KaSH hb ' ' l> 
peCKHH CaHflJKilU'I. H On. Ka3HTE CTpyMHua. Tmkbiiiii'l, 

BeJiect m KacTopHB 1 ). 

Ta3H B&UHKa BiJirapuH. omtcinpeHa no Ca. Cm&- 
(ftdHCKux dotoaopt, 6*Bine Ha'i'i.pTaiia ot'h uiiiviihii:khh m— 

.K'L'ii I I-, .!m|i.|;i CoJiaGi'pH-). IljlflHtTL Ha JJopjtft Co.i.ii'irpH 

m'uii. ,i;i ce c i.:-i. !.;«. r i- im.ii.i .una Hiiorsma BtJirapHff, 
ci. iiiapoKH rpamtiiH, nofl'i. ofimaTa nipanunn Ha Enp ma, 
-)a -w iiocjiyatii ct> cBoeTo (pH'dHieCKo CAmecTByaaiiae, 
kilto eflna np'Brpaja Bcplyi. [»> '*-t;n m eupouoftcitH cyx'h 
iijrti. K-bMi. UapHrpaa-b. He aa np^B't hsti. cera anr- 

JlHlU'ltini; JI'bpjKilBHll Jl.Yirlie i.T, HCHa3Bn.lB IWfloSHB a.iea 

(>Tj(aBHa i.-.s ce [uimli|>:i,iu Menyiy text, apo3op.iHBii xu- 

PB, KOHTO Cff. pil36npa^H, He QO-CKOpO f'I..WBaHHTl;, orb 

caMaTa EBpona, asroHOMHH xpiiCTnaHCfwi AtpacriBH, ot- 
KOJ1KOTO OTb TypUHfl 1116 MOrifiTb fla COp/TiTTi pyecKflfl 
CTpeHewb KT.M1. I!,;ipui -jum!.. Ta3n mii(*i.. : ii. it name Ka- 
iimiiii., keto nowaraiiie 3a rpbUKara HeaaBMciiMocTt. Bee 
ii|)l;ri, ni-vh enoxa miihvh;i.ih :ihimiihi iui fsiai'capn njrtart, 
(.W.-irapiifi h i-flh npuinJH'E.'iBaJin TaaH n.i.i'ii. 

,.{') ,rfi "mi' ee yroBapmrre ajtpiaa JieiriS tospfh, 

nanie PaKOBeiui, np'ba'b CiinBein, 11 np*B3T. Kotctl mum <v. 
> 'iiihi. Hiiawthiiiri, aiirjiHHaHHH'i.. icofl npoiioB-b.ua uie hhiio 
frfcJirapcKOMy uapojiy: „Bi.jirapn cTaHlvre! Cera •■ spbMfl 
yjiofmo aa aa c'yeBo6o,a,HTe 11 bli orb poGcTBG. Hw h'b- 
Ma\n.[ MHitaitBiK ipyr.^L ulsjib HMbici.Jib aa Banie OTb'ibCTBO, 
hi. iinu,iinbi aa fiAAeTP a hi.i i:jiir,(ij.tui; (j'miu j« 'j'i fade 
hJho vih.w.iiunii ii.h'} <■ mi l'iin-,!,Y. ii Tiipnim, a Huu naut 
mi H'ipiti!»ni! >•>>'■). eatue oceofamtdeitoe ombtbcmtiO Cmapa- 
ILttiirnHX." Toro auiviniflHiiiia Pycii vc-btmxjr h roBHX* 
TO Ka3auw jio OcMain.-IIa3ap'b. (lb OH'i. OTOtnu m. 
TtpHOBCKOe yi;|iiT.jicue, r.j.'fc He BJiajrhiauiie pyciftcKa 

'i U|M]TOK0.lnrb M;l H.;q>lf[-JM.i.<-IM';i I .- 1 1 1 r . J n - 5 1 1 - u r 1 1 s ; i . Il|> l.r.. iyi i, 
([i|iem.'Kii T. lIcrn-nmoBi.. Rapn:i 1X85. (ivi. npmvpi;;. B. np'»'in 1. :w 
UpraHH'ie.'KH iii.irii, Hii fii-irftfjiui. Cip. 19). 

; l Ibid, Op. 16. Ott, jih'iiih paaroBopH n. Hatna L(apiirpSjI- 
jirape aa»1icrni> hii c, '■»■ Jlnji.n. I.'<j,i:s<'»'*j in i-e " ufipi.inn vi. 

■i "il..il;i|ii' ;i;i ii'i- riinil llpll li.t|i:il1ii-||!;llNi<-r.i II. 1 



BofieKa. Pycca aaoHTaxa ji trBitOAico EtJirapM d'l KoTej] 
h nwTax* ra, mo HM'b e rOBOpmn. rofi. Ani-JiH'inunm." 1 )- 

CauptI; uo6yaiAennji itapax*, BaB'BpHO, n jlopflid 
Co;i36epn fla ABfle xasiaBa uiapoKH rpammn Ha Ei.jr.i- 
piin ua D,apHrpajiCKaTii Kumfx jicnnim. i;;jkto a, ho irbCHO, 
Aa aactpflna ua BtJirapcnaTa Aejierawm, koato xoah no 
Espona B'b 1881, h Aa caHKn.nonnpa, i 
CLeflHHeuueTO, moTO napajiH3npa BCBftaitBii bix'hini ,it;ii- 
ctbhh oil. crpaua ua TypnHH*). ToBa caiDJ,eTO d£HS~ 
BaT'i^MHoro Ao6p*B h caMurb pyccitii oipHnnosn. 

„H3yiaBaHBeio ua MHHMara no.iHTiiKa ua r. CojH 
fiepa b'l. MiiiiiSjioTn, name JIohaohckhh icoppecnoi 
4eHTT> Ha HuHoe BpvMii, r. Aprycb, bt> 6poa ovb t 
MapTt 1897 r., n HafijuoAeHHHTa no noBej,ennen> if; 
AHrjitiH BT. nacTOHinHa KoauepTi. aapaTi. Aa ce jihc-th 
l ie 6pHTancKHH npewaept ciHTa uorpiiajKa He n.a n_-- 

npOTHBOfl-tftcTByBa Ha PycCHH, a H36opaHbeTO ioto op* 

sue aa TOBa Typuan nau'Ecro hctoiho xpHCTaaHCKHrt 
eapofln. . - 1 ) Ome a r b HaiajioTo Ha 1860, iiaTo ne hoceuic^ 
ome GamnHCKHfl THTyjrt h ce Hapii'iaiiio npocxo cjRpt= 
Pofiepnt. CecHJib ii frfeme iJieHi* ua .Hdjibhtb Kaiiapa^ - 
TOfi oe*.Htflauje .iHGepajuuirE MRHHCTpH n ocoCho I'jiafl — ' 
ctohs B r i. nepaayju-io Typno(pHJicTBO. JJa ce finpaHT. cb— = 
PyccHfl h Aa h np'BLpaflHMt, iisth kt»mi. Eoc<popa — - 
upciRHKBaaie ce OajismHH MapKi-iat. — cxapaxa h ot— — 
aCHB'b.ia B r BKa ch Typuaa e neflocraTtiHa; Tp'Bfm;'i ;m > 
o6T,pHeMb irbicb MJiaflHTB h HCn3HeHHP( napoflH ua r 
KaiiHT'b 2 ). . . VIo K-bCHO Jlopfl'b CoJi3fJepn, i.ui'o ctaii, 

') ropcKitl nj.rfiifKi, ii np. n-rp. ', 

') Cyjirani a flepwaBH. Ilpenoa. MaK. — Kojmi.. Op. 86— 

HMa Tyitt npejiT. ehs'I, 3ajiB.ieTiHHTa v. 
CanatSepp i:l. rBJiflxajicHBS MHTimn,, 'ie p .aadiynueHHe Ha c 
.inn.Mni;ii|»» ,ia ce fM-ETa, ksto HeHaQ-lmteirb aHTimmiiaMa 
I'yi'i-ujr 11 llr.nih.-;! UpiiTiiniiii." (tsociiiiHl Policy ale. p. to). 
Tt ocjinu]!03H .i.oOpli paafipaas, I'Miii.'L.ii, ra nil rban Ayuu. 

..L'acLtpHBHBa oGuiiih cmhcwti. Ha ayiriirB h 
i !n.i.ti'n ,'pn, KOpecnoHAeHTTjiTi aa H. B. ti|>;imi c.iL.iyiaiiiiHTB r 

TOBa I'C' I'JTyilP ILL- 




. bi. HaOtiHera iia EwtoncfpHJiaa ce paBfl'fciJime oti. 
iin hk no ulijniyfe, a oo cp^ACTBSra. Bhkoh- 

CWi, HCT048HT> 40BT3KT., BTSpBailJe BT, MtH3Eie- 

HocTbia iia Ty})ii,nT'k, a Ca;in36epii up-EanoHHTanie San- 
KaHCKHrt Hapojui. 3atoBa yB-BpflBan., 'M' iia I lapmpaa- 
ci.ar.i KiMKpi'peHiiHH B'b IS76 Jlopa'b CiuuHOtfjm ncKpea- 
ni> cl' e SopHJiT. 3a cbsaaBamieTO Ha BejiHKa B'b.napHH 
u. sko aocjils roea ce e s'LopAmmn. jipoTam. cb. Cre- 
ijtaii*. miH aoroBOpt, to caiio iipnnyat;H r b ort KOJierHHrfe 
l'ii, kohto ce ffl-bpntexif. iia y6ii3Kji.eHiieTO, ne ETJirapaji 
He me Muace aa 6iz.ne yno"rp'l;6eHa npoTHBT, PycCHH. 
Karo rviaBa na Kafumera, xoaa ce M**jei.ue mmphho aa 
npaBH h CajmaSepH, itaTO aiTmipaine bi. noJi3a Ha 
apHCbeflHueiiit'TO na Hcroiiia PyiiejinH kwi. E'b.irapnH 
B noflTipHtaine craMfiojioBcKHfl pc-jkhmt.." 

Hsjihjuho e aa cnojaeHyBaM'b Tyn'L, ie jihiho aa 
Bacb, CniJirapeTi;, upowapBa micro na npoeiiTa na Ctwi3- 
ucpn na HapHi-pjiacuara KoutpepeHuaj! 6n OTBOpHJio ea- 
aa noaa epa Ha uojiHTiiiecKa h iiKOHOMMiecKa A-feflTe;i- 
HOCTb h 6n ycKopnjia p;i3BHTiieTo Ha BTjJirapHfl Hafl-naji- 

h'n Ha [lOJlOBUHTb BTjHTj BT. CpaBHSHHe Cb aHenJHOTO If. 

HaM'BpeHHflTa na Jlopaa Cojiafiepw ce napajrasHpaxjji ott. 
Biinnnctpiijiaa. IloiiMluHiiHri., no cKopo Me'iratejib, ot- 
tOJIKOTO npOSOpJIMB't JIOJJHTHK'B, cM'fe'rame aa BJIT33e B'b 
cbbR^b cb Typnnfl, aa nOBAHme na BT3CTaHiie Typne- 
craucKHT'B n;ie»eHa hott. ,,tph cTpaHa" aa uanaflHtj Ha 
PyccHfl ii aa „orxB r bpjiii naaaat nojiypaaOnTaTa pyccKa 

BtlfiCKH, aa yHHUiOlKH pyCCHHH HpeCTHJKTj BT, A3Hfl", H<1- 

ej(HO cb xoBa aa yHHiupjHH BcbKa Haea 3a np"Bo6;iaaa- 
BaHeeTti Ha Pyeciia aa jjiioro aecHTKH roanim" ') Toan 
npOBKTi. He Moaceuie aa ce ocsuiecTBH, rbft KaTO tvfejia 

Hanaaaine, a DOA'tpwaiJiu fjiaiU'TOHa, ho£Ito aauiHTHBimie cifimaTa 

Bflea. Ha BJiaCTb lyliiuc KOHrttpimuBHaru, » He ,'iHuepa.iHoro mhhh- 

■ i;[ii.!}i;ie.i[i (Vfeuit np^flc-tjfti'e.ii. fi;i i.-riMiipaTa, Jlnpai. J{ep6u 

MHHlii i|JT. — npeiunepi. a I Im.imi"-] ■i-[i >n r i. — Ha BtHiiaiuHHTE pafiiiTii) 

r.i. ooapofiHotTi T'iian miTepecmi aeGaTH b'l KHurara ua i;a- 

BOBHKa MiiK'b — Ko.'lfi: Cy-lTam. n J,ep»fi'BLl n up. cTp. (iii — 7(J). 

i IJ)]f;nM(-(liH.iiA0BH8 nonmcieoKB Bpiunero, 
'L 25 CenieMapuii IS'.iij, irciMlicrivrn ki. rtni- 
ta Ha Mai(i.-Kojin. crp. \)t— 96. 



— 176 — 

Ahl'jihh CLHyBCTByRauie Ha pyccnaTa BofiHa npoTHB^ 
TypuHfl. Typuwfl, nao/bpAqaBana orbEHKOHcqbHJiAajOT^' 
B'bpjiH npoeKTa Ha KOHqbepeHmifrra, c r bCTaBem> orb co^5* 
CTBemiMH A^ieraTi> na Aiuvihh — Coji36epn. CyxHfi , r' r "~ b 
h HenpbABHA^iHB b yMb Ha BnKOHC(|)»JiAa ne Cb3npauie, ^ e 
ct> noAbpHcaHHOTO na Typiuifl roft Bbpinewe pa6oTa*r" -** 
Ha Pvochh, kohto HMO 11 ho h Hcejiacme jxh AOBeAe pa6c^^" 
TaTa jxo Bofttia h ce paABame caMO na TypcKoro ynopcTBC^ 3 - 

Bo*hiaTa Ha Pyccnn c'b Typuna 3axBaH^. npn Ha 
6jiaroiipM>iTHM ycjiOBHH 3a iibpBaTa. Pyccua ce nptbdcma 
enme namo mAHOMOi^nima na Eepona. BncjwapK'b ome h^ 
6 Jl,eKeMBpnft 1876, cjife/j,^ hcto qbpeHCKufiT'h mhhhctp 
na B'bHKaLUHHT'b' pa6o™, ixywh flenaa'b n r. .Henperaeb 

HTaJlHHHCKHfiT'b MHHHCTp'b Iipe3HAeHrb, 06flBHXjft, e^H 

CTi'fcATh ;ipyrn, qe Bb ciyqaft, qe Typunn OTKance npne 
Mamiexo na npoeKTa Ha IJapurpaACKaTa KOH<J)epeHUHfi^ 
to Bo"niaTa orb crpana na Pyccua me ce hbh, KaTO en 
ho 3aKOnno A'h^CTBne h T't ce anrattcnparb Aa 3ana3flrb= 3> 
naS-crporb Hefl'rpajiHTeTb. *) CiRmeTO 3aflBH aHrjinAcKO— — "~ " 
to iipaBH're.'icTBO bi» TpOHHara p1>qb npn OTBapHHHew^' ) 
na iiap;iaMeirrcKaTa cecwH. „Pyccn>r, 3aflBfiBaine OTb cboa-*^ 1 
crpana Kim3b Pop^aKOBL bi» nnpnyjiflpa cm no CBHKBa- 
hhgto na KOH(})epeHmiflTa B'b HapnrpaA'1*, ff Bi,. cbohtIs-^^ 
aMctbhh uliMa HiiKaKBH a meres — pensees (3aAHH MHC 
jih): bi> TOBa omouieHue HMiiepaTopcKOTO npaBHTejiCTBO^^ 
e A«i»a.io Miioro iia\th Hafi-uojioacHTejiHH yB'fepeHHfl" 2 ) 
ToBa 3BaHH i n-io ofrhmaHne na Pyccnn, a& cjiyjKH caMO 
3a op.rK.Ane na Bceofimnrij iiHTepecn na EBpona h Ha 
xpncTnanerh na Hctokt> ce oTGlwrfcuBaTiie ci> oco6Ha Ha- 
c.To>l , niBocn»--3a ;\i\ n ro nanoMiiflTi* na Pyccnn, Kora- 
to ?iy AofiAe BphMcro - orb OBponeficiurrk AtpacaBHH 
MA\/Kbo. J-h. noMeiiaTara ucie p'bqb na BncaiapKa orb 6 JHe- 
KOMBp. 1S70 Tofi 3a>iBHBauie: „iihh ho me HajiOHCHirb 
velo na pyccKHrfe A'hwcTBUfl, ao KaTO irfejiHT'b, npliCxbA- 
p.aiin on. Pvcchh ocraBarb, c/rjuo n HaniH uiuin. . .*. 

()ti. bcii'iko n)p r Iw;a3ano craBa .omcbhaho, qe Pyc- 
cim MO/Ka AJi cncqcvin nvnmpa.vwcmhma na tiBpona ci» 

') .Msik'i.-K(».ii." rrp. 104- - 1 ().">. 

-) /I'lirkov" .V I (1S77) rrp. 7H>. (M. Kn.'ii.. ctj». 102). 



3 



i bjDKt-CTHrllHOTO 00 l:ui.iuuic-, Me Tfl me BOAH e^na OCOO* 
tWhnttr.ina BOflHa n qe ri. TOBa, Tfl jtciib/iHa BojiBTa iia 
Espona. Camp tt.h EBpona nonyuHSi Pyccaa Aa boah 
uoftna ct> TypqRH caMO, ioto use nncHemia rapaiin,iia, 
•se T33H BofiHa lie me ti&n& ejuia .muoeeameAHa mmna. 
Eahi no;io6ua BoRna npOTiim. Typu.ua e upon elicit nrfe 

. ■ i - j . i ■ -. j : — BtcjuoMHTe.iBO pyccKaTa npiiHTe^Ka Tepiia- 

iihh — He Ok iio3bojihjih Ha PycCM. lijioiee, CKpHTH h 
Jiouinmt aaHHCJlH fla HMame PyecHH, eAHHCTRGHHOTCi cp'fefl- 
ctbo flo KoeTO Tfl MOvKeiue jia npufi'Bi'H.e, eAHHCTaeHHaTa 
BOfiita kohto m 6'feuje ej.ua ocBoOoAH/rejma BoflHa. Ta na- 
na (vum ii ce najwrauie He on. neRnaTa Bona, a orb 
•rasa 11:1 EBp'ona. KaKBa BOfiHa urhme fla boab PyccHa, 
aim neatjiy nebY, u Typn.Hn, ne ce Hciip'EMBaiue Espona 

H aKO HefillHTli Jl-fefil-TBHH MOHCilXJK A'l (JAJlSin. CBOfiOA' 

hh? ToBa He e Tpy^HO Aa ce np-BflHn;;n. KoraTO n,i I'yc- 

CHH p^.U'BT't H CJR CBOfiOAHH KaKTO B'l. riojJllia, KpilMT,, 

KaBKaai. hjih nearpajina Asha, th BOAHJia ihctu aaBoe- 

UaTCIHII BOflHH. 

Bb uaiajioTo 11,1 Bo0naTa PyccHH aaBauie ofj-fcma- 
iiiif, ■!>■ iii.e boah e^Ha ocBo6oARTejiHa bohhh. Hi, kbhbo 
snaieirap nnauie uG'fcmaniieTo cano no cede en? EloKaf 
Baine -in to aefiHHTB hcthiickh eawEpeniifl? To i« cumo 
iiurq>iia<vi<>\ T'B3n HCi'iiHL-KH HMuiipeiiim HHfi in BHHtAaMe 
j£q ce HCKS3BaTb h;i apyro m-bcto. Tytn. «y e Bp-EMero 
Aa eanOHHHMT,, ome BeAH/DK'b, Tafmara KOHBenuna Mewt- 
av PyccHH h AucTpuH, yroanpnna ume np^at 1876, a 
noflmtcaHa (|iopuajiHO Ha HwyapHH 1S77 r. CnoMH/BTe 
a^oB'Buj.HT'B aymh Ha TaTHujeea, eflHHi. on> ae^eraTHT'B npa 
noAnHCBainiero mi ra3n i(0HB<;ninifl: ,ai;o ABcrpna hc- 
ii'LJiHfiuarne Han'tJiHo cbohtb aaAJi't-ateHMH, to pyccxomo 
jiHdUi'inn- mi Ii11.1r.1i11 11 ■mil, miMHo I'm r.v ijmnhjiiiu.iti mi 01:- 
uoett uuipniin 11 nrm;f>!/imtMtt" . ') He ycamaTe jih t'Bbh 
AyMH Ra p'timmTb Baujart; yiuw, naTO rjiaca 11a ejma noi- 
pefiaJiHa nhceHb? He c:e jih AoraatflaTe, Kan^B'b o6^a«'b 
ce e BHajrb HaA'b aaiuaTa CTpaHa? B r b caofl MaHHi.pec.rb 
np'Bai. BOfliiaTa HMiiepaTojrb A;iei;caHApi> ct> ch,jihh 06a- 
BHaaiiie, 'ie othha nn iK.'Bo6o,'inua xpHCTHaHeTli orb Typ- 

') TriTiimeiri,. H;vi, upouyiaro h np. trp. 649, 



■:;:!T- 



A ■ALL' . 1" 



1 ". 



■r:i. * - 



. ' .u-2- rz 

""..«• :b« * 

■•iilii j f". ~ 

; .iMii — 



: i i i 



. .i-»n« - 1'- 

> . ^ j. L • " • • i 



: ii" ■; HI! 



< ■ a 
I 



h fcLI !.i 



/ 



•* 



on. 16/25 HHyapiin. Tofl npnoaBH, fe ycjiOBiiara, 
iiro mo cii cK.iioHaTi,, B'b Cb. OrecpaHo, Kfiawty Pyc- 
b h Typuiia me HM,TTb ejiiH'b Bptaeaem. xapaKTepl.*}, 
,- lB moTo", 3a6 h l5Ji-fe3Ba r. TaTiimeB'b B'b frftHfl nojiemi- 

C'L l/HUinhdlKHh. .CBIIKilflHMC'TO Qil EepjIHHCKHH ItOHT- 

ci. 6'Biiie p-feuieHQ naS-Majn;o ejjHHT. M'isceu.'L np1;au 

flnHCBTIHHeTO II<1 <"'l:. CTeipaHCKHH AOrOBOpt" . 

PyccHH naaiiie HHTepeci. aa OTK*.ca, kojikoto Cfl 
>ii>* ]iohl"Jo '['eppiiTopna .on. Typcitara HMiiepiiH. 4a 
HCBOii lUBJiaTa TaaH TOppHTOpHfl, A'l.piKaLiHT'L nil, II;i- 
iiiniFifi floroBopi, in' 6nx* ii nosBojiHJJH. He^ HO oe- 
h:mir, upd'ii'o, BiHiij.o jtpyro ticB"fein. na efassafle ejuja, 

JIKOTO t; B1.3M03KHO IKJ-rOJffeaa Bl.Jirapilfl, KOJ1TO, noc- 

, ci. jnofieaiiara poApT>JKKa mi AscTpHfl He mint- iio.tl 

CCKOTO ,lU11pOKO 11 HtL-LKpyiUHMI)" LIJ'IJ. KflTO l'1,3,'l.;l- 

uj« BfiJiHKa l.vwirapufl, Pyccna 3auiHTHBaine He Hiimn- 

, a CBOHTE C06cTBt'HHH IIHTCpCCH. H'L, TLB Ka'i'O OEfOII- 

rejmo Lipnc"i,(.';u!iH'HHe Ha TaBB BbJirnpufi K'hWb Pye- 
n iu'Iuuo fla 3aBnni on. MHoro ofiCToaTL'.icTBa, kohto 
cchh Toraaa ire Mosceiue aa np-BABHjui, to ne frfcpKa- 
i Ha PyccHfl ome B'L new. wnayTa ja otkacb ott> tsi- 
Bi.Jii'apun, kojikoto e BtaMGJKHO, iiohl-'IC- hI;dj,o aa 
ecu. Ti.fi th oTK*ca otl BbJirappn, CbsaajieHa Ha 
irpaACKaia KoiKpepemuiH, ntum Tyjiiancnn caHA- 
i 3a iti'h' ch. HoeaU ro safffi Ra pyiiAiie- 
:a'TO HMT. rpaoHA Beccapafinn. Csujo no ll,apnrpafl- 
i Kompepenuim Hiiui'b BJiH3aure B'b EbjirapHH, a no 
'TnJKiikiaifF jtoroBopb roft oCTasame iia Ci.pGiia, B 
IlHpoTT, — na GwirapHH. 
V;. t.'iiu:ifinHi:i;tt £>i..uii/»i.H 6>i,nw wiMfi.ir.Hii H«)nt- 
■ Bi.inijinji fj<i',f?i wnitijieawivui, Ty.ivA >< Hnun. 

EepjiHHCHHfl KOHrpeci. Pyccan ce jvbpHieme 

uieHHO. KaTo qeTe iob-eici. npoTOKOflurfe Ha KOHr- 

■ayau na ro.TBMaTa orcTAniHBocTi* na 

i m° ce Kacaeiue jio Ei.JirapHH. TuBa 

laiut- ori. pyccKOTO HeecrecTBeHBo uojioHcenHe 

vrpeca. '.I'm. e^Ha cTpaaa Pyccnn sanBBBaiiii.' na 

■MAcKRTa Chhji HHwra !.t 1878 (.V :! n .V If). Taw- 
re. MW 



IVHJrt CBliTT., W Tfl HTi«a HHKaKBM „»OABH MHCJIH," It? 

nefiHara p;uiji otsnie hhcto ocBoooaiiTejieKa. Ott, apyrai 
crpaun, Ha BepjiBHCKHfl Koarpecb to ce Monetise gr^tar— 
RpycKHCJieHHH [ip'bAUojiO)f,'eHHH jia ch cvdflajct* earn npn— 
Hii.u-nt]iiii!iiijo nojiosaeHfle bl 6*/[ama E'bJirapna. Tm 
iicuaiiii' neilHurb boSckh flu ocTaiUin. rt. EbJirapaa 
;mt, i'oahhh, r/ttvro pafioTBTt uptai. tosh nepBOffb i 
ypeacaa ejniHt BT>pxoBeHi> pyccFtn KomtHCCapb 1 ). EBpo— 
neflc-KHT'fe flejieraTH 3arVEjrB3BaTb, qe tosh cpoKT. e iworoi 
roji-BMi., a pyccKHfln. itoMMiiccapi, &a GxiP,e aatrfccreHfe G 
tuna Me^flyHapoflHa kommhcchh. PyccHfl ce cirjiaejmai 

Jia HaM3Jl(1 OKyBSH«OHHHH CpOKT., HT> KaTO „OCB06<»ilH— 

■rciiKa" aanaaBa en npaBGTO an AtpHtu KOMMHccapb. 

I7o Btnpoca aa KUA3B, Ahtjimh npfwiara na. ee- 
ciHra HeroBHH aafiopi. 3a aartoHeH'b, uioml kuto ret: 
yaofijiHin. OoAimmemsomo Ha eBponeflCKHTB AtpiKaBH 
OGaqe, PyccHH HacTOflaauie aa ce cihtu ua6opa :sa aa — -*"'" 
HOHPH'b, Korai'o aficoJwrrHO m-umiumn (hpmtimt ro npm — a ~~ 
Hab^'iT.'). Ti.fi KaTO th 3naeiiie, ie, no BCfeua BEpoar — " 
hocti., Sojhuuhctboth HHKora lie uj,e 6«iae na aefla^C 
expaaa, to th, ip'fen. npouapBaHHeTO Ha Taaa TOqwa *^ 
no/iyiaBanie apaaoTo eaHa, eamiiita #a Moate aa napa — J 
jiH3npa KdJiHi'a na ivbJia EEpoiia. Ako PyecMH m Giiue* - 
ycnijia ;ia npOKapa Taaii romta, HeHopMa;moTO nojiome— — 
mic, bt, itoeio ce naMHpame Ei-irapHH bt. iipoflii.iHte- * 
sue n;i B rojyiHH, He 6a cxmecTayaajio, tt.i1 naTo h;«— * 
6opa h:i B-bJirapcKHR KHU3b 6n ohjit. rHWB'i.paeHT. ort* ^ 
EBpona ome na iaca. Bi. aiirepeca Ha BejiHKHrk a'tp— - ^ > 
HtaBH (vkiiie aa ce rypa bt> B».irnpnH no ch'opo pefffc — *" 
lit orb 6e3peaHeto ce noji3yBanie 1'yccnn h eTO :at\i\< " "~ 1 
in ch uciiona hi. Bep.iHH-b aa moskg na ro nponaBe>Ka.' r ""~~ -1 
BCBitora. flpyra ejaa T04i;a, na hoato Pycciin ce onpfc^ 3 
mI,hh' acKaHHOTO na jipyrHT*G iie.ieraTn n aa ce Typi ' 

ffb B0p,lHHCKIIR flOrOBOp'b, 1e KHHSKtCKOTO aOCTOHHCTBC^ 

ipHfl '' ihir.iu.ii'-iiMc.HHti. Mr Pyecan He ci,' CT.rjiace 1 ) — 
I Beii.mii, KoHip. crp, VJ 

i H'i'i. i'i|.. t\ — tut 

KOR Btp, I 





KaKBHTO H BLHKiimim yaipeHHfl aa aasauje Pyc- 

IH, 1!1. HeflllHTB A'fcfiCTBHfl HOCtx*. Hafl-nOAOSpHTeJieilt 

[apaKiep'L. OcB'bht, toba, Hec'tMHisHno, no ymiiTlj na 
jmii-ioMafriTE 6-fcx* aoinjin cjiyxose aa TafiHara koh- 
BeminH HeHtay Pyeciifi n ABCvpiiJi. BcniKHrB T"fean npn- 
ihhh Kapaxdi eBpo[ip"iC!Cnrl; AmuioMaTH aa rincT*.riBaTi. 

CT. KpafillO HeAOB-BpHt? KT.MT. PycCllfl 11 T'B HC Ce CTfeC- 

hhxjk Jia paaa-fejiHrr. HauieTo OTeqeeTBO, iuito miu'jTBx^., 
qe Tii HHiuaJiJiBaTi. ct> TOBa fijT.flj.mara pyccKa npo- 
BHimmi. PyccKHTb AniuioMiiTH i»ma Tift ycsmaxs, ie 
rfexHHTii Ta"iHH aaMucjie ce OTKpHBart. Tt U I;.W;IN* 

HpaBCTBCHHHH KJpaJKT., KOHTO f)H HMBJl'h BC'BKII IOB'EK'1-, 

VBi;peH r h h'i. iipiinoTii th 11 micrarara na CBoeTO ji/bjio, 
na cTaiiATij u 3aimniff,ri, cBofioAaia ti neaaBiicjiMocTbTa 
na frwiraperb h ah BUflBE&rb, ie esponeflcKOTO neaoivh- 
pwe KbMi. T'BXii e GeaoenoBHQ, n ie Haft-ceTirB, Heita 
EBpuiia oupBflii.iH casia rapanuHHrfe, npa kohto tb3h 
jltpataBii lie fin MorJm HHitorii a,a mitihTh iioflt pyccua 
BJiacrt. . . Mi. fla j.'1'P)k*ti. no;io6eH r b e3KKi., pyecmni'. 
^aiiJioMfiTH on ce aacpaMHJiH Haa-iianp'feji.'b on. aBCTpufi- 
cKHrb ae^eraTH, Ha kohto no Bo.iara na caMa Pyocnn 
C - fcx.Ti aem' iiociieiejiH bt, Tafl[inrB a Hiurlipemtn. Pyc- 
UiiTa aHiiJioManna rjieaawe na repMaHCKHB Kourpecb, 
Ua'iTi na eAH<> ticmiTHHHe - to.ikob;! no Tencico, ie ca- 
MHTb ocBofioAeHii: pyHamerB, ci.pfierf; n rtpijHT'B ce 
M3pi.')K4ax* ejim cji'bai apyrn na Tpn6y!iaTa fla ce 
oiiJiaKBarb on, iieflmrra lepiia iisM'tiia, Tob« HciuiTaiiiie 
Tp-b6Bauie ah Mime no CKOpo, aa aa MOJite Pyccim aa 
ce OTflaae othobo na CBoeTO ,ocBo6oAHTeflH0 1 ' a^-io B'h 
— lrapiui — nopofii 



FjiaBa nexa 

PyCCMH, KHH3bT1> H nOJIHTHHeCKHTt 

napTHH. 



ue-ro nu .r.liii.'THnmit uti pvivi.-iiTii ,|nii.[<>U'ti|ii>i »■■ B'MI'apHI 

i Bceofimara MCTopim h laciRO aa 6^jirn|n-i;nTii. -i i irrt 

i'T|iyitn:i.i"i. ii'iToBcipiiorrM'.-i ;ta irfeKOif atfieTBWH in.p\y iit,t|- I 
py cckii inii.iKiMiiTii. — MirbHHGTO iia BacMapKa ;ia jj-bJirapiiH. — — 
llp'li.Tpij'iniMiiiTii mi OonafiepH. IIocTsneHHOTO nuflnaflamie h.t^^ 
Ki>j.rapHH no.11> pyiTi;uiu itiuiiTii'lecic) rueir" irrim, Tmn ■ 
e npHSRasa on pyceKH amd^omhtii. - }■■■.•■ ■* ! ■ i : ■ ■" '■■ i ■!■ i- n Pyc-— 

hh. — PyccKHT* flHnjiOMani np-bflynptjieHa npoiHBt. KHH3.1, &i '■* 

iirH-.iiuiMii'ni. ce HiiiiBi - OJiBpeTRopHTe.ih ]i opsone n.t BepAHH— 

KOHrpeivL. — KiiTJiiEi li.iTfMGepr'i. up pupa Belli hbo >■■■. 

IU1II11 JtilMUl'-Ilf ]1JH iTL(]!"i- Pvri-flJI. — Hei'l'lliilTH llnrplllllh"! — I'll — 
OH 111 I, JUIIf.'luMIiTH Tpf-TlipilT 1. EllTeWfieprU, K,TI'U ipiil [1 1 i 1 1'< l]i\.li.- ■ 

N'lillVlii'IlHHTH 11 iH'lIt.JiflJTCHIIfna Hill llli-CHH Hit KIIH3H (JTT> III illll ll.t*" 

ii on. reHepa.iini,: lipii-iom, PnaH'iepT,, CoOoflewb n I .'ay:t'iepcii, — 

PyrPEtaTa ann.iOHaiuui, ichtii lit; sunirtr jib naupaBii BaTen(jepi 
ill'icll.lliiTII'i IIUi'.lViniK'i i'|'.T,:tMr. p'hlUH Hei'OBOTO pna.lHIIlie. - llBTpil— ■ 

rwrli \> Memay Gun-ape. lurk nnpTHii. — IhiTpiirnrb Ha [I 
iI|iuthbi, KapaitejiOBa, na Hu'iuuh'ih nponiBi> HamniHa i ii.iiui 
hc.ii.h't;i m.i.-i, im enoxera h na .lii'iiiucTjnii. — (lp-fcroBOpBrtl 
lliniiiip.i, a noorf; aa Koujiapa en. KapaBtviniu. :i;i . i^ijiuhihi 
nHHsa. — ElpHSBaHnwa Ha KHHirrb pyccHB 




Ott. BHCo'iHuaTa Ha Bcen&nnaTa Hcropiui, fffcfl— 
CTBHH'ra na pyccttaTa AiinjioManna bt. Bi.JirapnH iman 
i-iiiii BTOpocTinein. HHtepect. Ako hh jteBera Apyrrt 
U'tcia PycciiJi e yntyrp'LSflBajia ejiuaKBn cptflCTBa, TO 
HaBlipiio, Tfi me ni nptuioaci. Seat c.T.mecTBt-iim. RBirb- 
neMim ii mi jieceTOTO irfccTO. HcTOpmeLn. npHMKBtM 

39 pyccKBT WHTHKa bi. jipyrHrfe CTpaHH T3 

OHJiein. MaTOpaajn., mora, OTHoeiiTejmo Bi.Jirapn 11 , toI 
6h MOHtejii, aa ce aaaoBOJin ct. pjiho, ofimo, anpiiopn- 
CTHHecw 3aiiJn.)'ieiiHt>. Ofm'ie, nor.iejwxTii orb cneni.;i.w> , 




II;iH1;l, ('■|,;irapt'l«l, Mffllia TCi'llCS) 38 JlfiUJHfl, G'UirupCKHJI 

ncio|>nor|Mi(ii., Than jvehctbha nptijioGiiBan, eflHa rojrfe- 
■H ii in.jimnTi.iii'HHa BaiKHOCTb. 

;S;iiiiiiTiinuiirfe na pycCKaTa nojumiKa, noraTo ce 
I'.n/UjT.Ti 11 a rlicno, aaflBHEarb te :ta jiomasoTo Haiipaa- 
jiphhp n;i pycciOTa iio.niTin»:i «b B'wirapHH e BBHOBaTa 
He caxaTa pycena ,'uinvioMaiuiii, a irhKOn Bee-Span neiiHn 
i iji [: r i.c limn n.MM - -<> i .i l.imi pycCKH . i.iin/Mua'invfciai areiiTii. 
H-i, tosh apryMeun. e Tn,na:ma iirccpiioaem., icijikoto h 
L'MtnU'HI- Mr i KHItBtl MOHteHT. fla CAflHMT. HHfi 3a nojiii- 
Mii.aTa na pycntaTa hjih na«BaTo n na e flpyra flnrijio- 
v;iitnn, iiiio He no noBe«eHHeTO na m'iiniiT'E iiptacTa- 
bhtcjih? ToBa f ouje noBL"ie, n,fl KaTO ce :™ae, ie 

VSKOBa (MBeaeHFie I.Y. J'l.pjKe.TH He CilHO T03H HJIH OH3H 

ivr/vBJiein. pyccKH areim b'l BtJirapHH, a hchhkh'H; n.in 
UiTlll BCHHlfHTB, UG, C.TfejlOBaTeJIHO, HOflOfiHO noBefleKHe 
rie e aCKmoieiiwe, a npaMiJio. HacTno 3a B'wirapiiH, Ta3n 
qcTHHa L'Taea ome no oqeBHfliia, naro ce 3nae, ie hojjh- 
PBKaTfi na Haft-HenaB!HK«aBnrfe m, E'WirapHH, ho'ith 
'■i i. bcb'IKh no.iHTHHecKH iiiipTiiii, pycetCH reiiepaJin: 

060J1GB-I-, II K:i\.M'i;ipi-|,, aaonaKH, B't. PyCCKfl, BT> OlpH- 
[11TB H Ol(jl-mH031IH Fipj&rOBe MHHyBBTl. 3a pyCCKH 

i|)l;;iCTi!Biii i. in in. IVi.jirapmi, mitino Haii-t.iv'ipii, r-,r. /xi-i- 

~iu.fnl.lii C8QH fh.t/l. 

Crlvn. TasH iipI'viBiipii'i'e.ina sa&BJTBiKKa, HeKa ' 
HHHemi. iii.sn. U/tuunoeTbTa na B'bnpoca. 

Bt> cBonxa p-fe'ib. iipn oTEapHHbOTO hi PaflxcTa'ia 
Kb 1888 r., BiifHapKi. 3anBaiue, ie cji'feaT. EepjiHHCKHH 
icoHi'peci, bchtkh .cinTax* Bf.jirapHH aa eaHa fti^piKaaa, 

KOHTO BT> CKOpO BpIiMe m? CTaHC, (JiaKTHIGCKa, pyCCKEk 

UpOBuiiniia, 0^\mOTO oTfilurfenBaiEe nplyui jjeceTb toixb- 
Bh np1>;ui itcro JIopAi. Co.iafiopH. Rt, cboh mipifyjiflpt, 

ah aHr.THflcHiri"!) nocjiaHHtiuM, on. ". . ' ' ip1 ^ 1878, tor"- 
rflnaeiue: 

„yc.TOBnaTa, bt. cn;iaTa Ha kohto Ta3H Hona fffcjw 
,n;;n;i me 6^n,tj noAiiiHena na Haia.iHnna ch, kohto »a 
npaKTHKa in.- Cuf^w naOpain. on. Pyccua, nerosaTa 

aaMHHHCTpMlllfH, i-l,;)J;l,U'Ha OT'l. pyCCKHK KOMMIiCC'tpb, H 

,pBOTO TypsiiM na ;n.piKaFiHflfl MexaHnsart BT. a"fefl- 



[TipBOTO T 



— 184 — 

CTBHC, SalftOHATO nofll KOHTJXMB H3 p\ cri;,i i;i apis 
- Tfeaii yi'jiOBHJi: noiuuwnin, <im-wti, >;i.m kukm N&MM 
viwi cwcm&wa mpihdea da h/>iu<(i<i.u\w>i BtjnapM 
Grndxtqemo*, 

Tfcm aeecHMflCTHiecKfl iipisApHiamiH saexa ,ui 
LJiiifln. ejuio crfcjvb jipyro bt> inpmirh ro;simn 
BanieTO iiojihthhcckij cwuecTByBamie. Cnopeab Eepjm 
ckhh jioi'OBopt, Pyccafl He noffleme «a nan bbkss 
(icoGfiiii njiaBo Ha/r*. E'LJiraprsH. Heii ce ftOnyCTdA 68 
Aa fltpHtH aeseTL M'bcena OKyiiaifflOBBarfe CB hi.' 
SHU, cjrfeffb BCTerflflHlieTo Ha kohto th ce npirpaoH 
Bauu:, no upaaaTa cm, mm, bch^khtIi Apyra .ti.[>;kui 
EiJirapHH ce HaMHpame, no BepjimicKnH floroBopt, i 
WKbcTfBi saBHeBMB oTHoineHHfl como otm Typttmt, I 
(paKTiiiecitH ti.a jib H3Jrfeae? 

..B'KJii'iipcKaTa apMHH, name jmajio»aTa l| cJiansa 
tjiHjia TaTHineBb, lie caMu enaaw eaoHTa opraHHieci 
CBp'UJiui ci» CBOaTa ubZhb - pyccKara aptnifl, ah. ct 
ha edua cbcmaiHO. tacmt onn nets, itaro npiie et p 
flOBeTiB ch MHoro'iMCJieiiHTlj pyccKH uipiiqepii 11 j*htc-] 
nrpnuepii a ltaTO upM3iia, iia^T> ce6e en, B.iacTb/ra 
efliiin. bochchi. MiuiiHrjn,, lexepaAi ei pyecrta c.iyjict 
it, ottn rocnodapi-HMnepamopa. llafl-ccTH-h 
ii i.pn i KHH3T> Ha EwirajniH 6-huie K»6paHo, eanuorjiaci 
jiHue iiocoieHO ua HapoAHOTO rbfipaHwe on aamm i 
BBecapb, itaTo KanftHflan. nafi-yroAein. Ha napcTBea 
ucBofioaHTejib wa E'LJirepnn. — Tfcsii Tpii peayjiT&M 
cano He 6-hxiK npisjumAeim Ha Bopjihhckhh 
at, iianpaBO npOTHBop-Biex* Ha oyttBara Ha n,yxa 
HeroBirrL p'buieHHH. Ofiaie, EBporia hc ce pKiiui na ii| 
TecrHpa m ct. cBoeTo Hi^iaHiie upH3iia rtxHara j 
KOHHOCTt' ')■ 

IleqajiiiHflri. tpaicrb c raMi^, ie np-tflB EBpona , 

KOHHOCTBTa* Ha 1'OpiiHTB ijiUK Tfl (V HpE13HaBaiIie on i 

Mini CtJirapcKH HHfl3b h on fiijirapcKHTb ikuhtii 
ckh napTHH. 

*aKTii'ici'Hii KH«at BareMfieprb ;vip,i^ 
B-b E-bJirapna, hsto eamrb pyccKH uairfec 'hhiki,. IleroK 

S7C 



I. [|,!l'!h,l{iic C'b pyuCKilTil AHDJIOMMUHJ) CTaBBUie Hf 110 

■OftSTa bo,ih. a, po-CKOpo, uo Ticjn iia pyccnaTa ;mn- 
taidifl, samoTO t« HCttame KHaaa no iionopetrb h iio- 
;jiyuit>H'K, otkojikoto Monceuie aa ce bcks on. eaiiHt 

I'feKI. flaJKe C'b nOCp-feACTBeHHO JIH1H0 flOCTOilHCTBO. Ht. 

CBOHTa flyuja KHnsi. BaTfHficpn, — a roaa urease 
norySH — ocTaeaine npHBi-paain. K'hM'b PyecHH. Bu 
vfejiun MOMeHTu Ha jiyuieBna ipeBora toH e atacta- 
ii> opoTHBT. Than hjih oHKan pycciot fllinjlOMaXII, lit 
ri'iifirjpi'i. BC-BKora e hk&jfl rjiynaaaTa k uanana KB- 

IbJia CIBTa TB3H fl'tfiCTBHfl 3fl JIHHHH, IMC'LOTB'ETCTByEIi- 

iia HaifiipcHHHTii Ha caiiaTa pycena KHiuioMauHH. 
Cant khh3j>ti. auaeme jtofip-B, ie toB AoB^e B'b 
jirapnn no BojiHTa na pyccKHfl uapb. Il3<5npa micro 
in. Bean koto napoAHD ci.GpaHHe 6i5LU6 e,SHa iHcra 
BHaaHOCTt, KOfifo amp Ha jipyran nem., ce frame H3* 
mjia H3i. nan;ni.Ta My. He Bf.Min.wb aaflEHBa toS bi. 
qt'}', iL-.it-ipaMMH ,io papa: „ott. Bauucrfe piRirlj ctsn. 
nojjy ihjit. itopouara h ct>mt, totob-l .na k& cjioHtjt iiaiti. 
text/'). Taita, tor Ti j ,ierp.n|wpaiiie, in. iia;u«"!i.'pm;- 
Ha npl;np,'iTa, Tana h ejrfeffb iiert. i-ojihhji, on. Pyc- 
n>, Korai'o KOHTpa-pcFioJiiounara cjrbjrb 9 AerycTb ro 
icne othobo bi. IVi.-irapuft-). He Be,T,H'bwt np'BaT. yn- 
i.iriniLi'ii Ha resepaJiHTB KHflS&Tb B3eMajn>, a , Hip , fcKH 
BHtfleHHeTO ch, TfeXHaTa CTpasa caiao rh H3rj-lsrHe 
ipBanim. 

Korai'o cTaBaJio n.yun aa Bofltia, m> cbohte pas- 
iopn ei Koxa, toH 3aRBHBajn., ie HeroBa /lti.whocti. 
<a bt>pbh eh PycciiH npoTiiBi: EBpona.') B'b HyjKfla 
CT.ffb'1'H KHB3LT1. ce u6p'i>ma bt. Pycctia, floiiHTBa ce RO 
TKOBa h AKcaitoaa, a ci nocjrfeanHftTb bo/pj aaace 



'i A'l"l|ili Koch, Printul Alesanru a] Bulgariei. Buctiresd 

7. p. 23 llli.i irfeMikiiui: miji |i,v.k;i cjplirilHii. ifi liMTBpailfl [in- 

ii'Min ppt.Boa^). Ta3H itroira, a«o ii Hanwcaiia ott, iacTiiH)i iijio- 

M(a HlJOru IIHT[IL'UH]1 (|j;iKilI, KI.II1TU, IIO U|lH311ilIUieTU MU CUMIirli 
■ '. OMaTH, CJB. B'fepHII. 

■) Koch. p. 227 - 22S. 
'I Koth. ■ 



- 186- 

ivfejia KoppecriOHAeHUHH. Cji'feA'b CMbpTbTa Ha AjieKcaHA- 
pa II toA H3AaBa 3anoBfiAb bt> 6 r bJirapcKaTa BOHCKa Ha- 
m-bcto IIIyMH Maprnja Aa nrpaERTb „Bo3Ke ijapn xpann". 
Haft-ceTiTB KoraTO EaxeMCeprb nanymame B^Jirapim, 3a 
nocji'EAeH'L n^Tb, bi> CBOHTa npomajma P'b i il Ha ocJki- 
nepHrfe Toft Ka3Banie: „A3Tj o6HHaMb PyccHfl, Mnoro hr 

06HHaMt H, MOJ1HR BH Ce, H BHH Mt 06H l iaflTe, HMaflTG 
BCBKO& IliRTb 06 r bpH^TH OHH K'bM'b HeEfc, BT> HefiR Ce 

iiaA'feBafiTe, rawh e 6jiaroTO Ha B'bJirapHfl, jawh e cna- 
ceHHeTO 3a HeEfc" 1 ). Mhcjihm^, qe bcthikhte te3h (J)aK- 
th flCHO noKa3Barb, KaKBO e 6hjio o6moTO HacTpoeHwe 
na KHfl3a K'bM'b PyccHfl. ToiS hhto e^Ha MHHyTa Aaace 
He e MHCjrfejrb Aa ce ocbo6oah orb pyccKOTO „noKpoBH- 
TejicTBo". Bt> 1883 r. to# ncnpauja r. CTOHJioBa bt> Ile- 
Tep6yprb, KaTo AwnjioMaTHqecKH areHTb Aa np'feAJiOHCH 
Ha pyccKOTO npaBHTejiCTBO Aa B3eMe B-b cboh p^Dit yn- 
paBJieiineTo Ha MHHHCTepcTBaTa Ha BOftHaTa h Ha bt>h- 
KaujHPirB pa6oTH, naTO no3Ha,TH pycce, a Aa ocTaBH 
6nbjirapeT , B He3aBHCHMn no b^tp , bujhht , b pa6oTH, npaBo- 
C/T^AHeTo, ripocB-femeHneTO h (JmHrtHCHHrb 2 ). 06ane, Ctoh- 
j\obi> He 6mrb AOnycHiRTb Ha ayAHeHUHH He caMO ao 
MMiiepaTopa, ht> unme ao MHHHCTpa Ha BbHKauiHHTB pa- 
6oth, rupca. 1Io3bojihjjh My cano Aa np'BACTaBH MeMyapa 
ch Ha SnuoBneBa, /inpeKTopa na a3HHTCKHH aenapTa- 
MeoT'b. IIoc.ii'BAHHiiT'b c r bo6mHjn> na npliAnojiaraeMHH 
Kiin>KecKH AHnJiOMaTH i iecKH areHTb, ^e orb TaKtB'b khh- 
3bTb whm& HyjKAa, a 3a CHOuieHHe cb pyccKOTO npaBHTeji- 
ctro HMa BL Codjpun pyccKH areHTb. 3 ) lib pyccKOTO npa- 
BHTe.iCTBO He HCbarae Aa np«3Hae, ne khh31>ti> e He3a- 
BHCHMb Aa ncnpauja cboh areHTb wh PyccHfl, a, nacTHO 
3a 6bjirapcK0T0 ynpaBJieHHe, pyccKaTa AHnJiOMauHH npns- 
naBame He caMO Heo6xoAWMOCTbTa a& HMa TaMi> cboh 
jihhhh MHHHCTpn — kocto m np-fcAJiarame h KHH3a — 
H'b th HaMnpame caMHH khhst. 3a u3Mimem. 

1 ) b. JJ,ei5 0Tiiri Abtvct'i, (pe/uiKTopt Teoprn BejiHKOBT>) r. 
I. op. 31. Bpiiiun, 26 loiinfi 1877 r. 

2 ) Kiih:m> A.'ii'iicaiup'i. I o'i».irapcKiifi (1879 — 1886) on, A. 
^. Pojiobiih-l. Bapiui 18!)7, crp. 282. 

3 ) MaTi/heivb (II.) Bo/irapiiH nocrlj BojKTHHcKaro KoHrpeca. 
C. 11. 18**7. Ctj). 103. 




— I$7 — 

Ilpii Tfen yejlOBHH, kojikoto h Knnai.it jhj ca 110- 

uie oTCTAn-iiiB-L, toB HHi<ora up iu'Iuih' aa aaaOBO" 

'yccBfl, ocB-feH-h aito Hntiycirlime E-bJirnpnH. Ha uero- 

ro CToeimp, Hato npiiBpt.Mi'Hfin, rjieflnine lie camo Pyc- 

/Ipyi'll BI.HHiUIIHIT A'bP'KaBH. MH03I1H.1 CA <ivna- 

aaB^pHO, ;ia ce pacnpaBfl an ay»niTt. T kohto BBCuapm 
Kaaaji-Liia BaTesiGepra ripl-aii nocji'BflHB&rt fta ctAiih at, 
BtJirnpusi: ,.n,rh-re, into uenpyro me OTHeceTe DOHeeR- 
ii>;i xyOann Bi^no Kenan He." 

Iri. mi. caMOTO i.-T*iiBauue Ha EaT£n6epra Ha 6^.rt- 
raprMiii iip'lu'TO.'ii., pyccnaTB flmiMOMauHH cc OTHacaiue 
rauhfleCHo. I [anc-rima, qe A.n'i;t':iH.m>i. I filsiue Jiinfui- 
«em. h nJieMHHHHiTb hu pyccKiifl napb AjieKCaitflpa II, 
hi, jiuhhht'I; ciiMiiaTHn iia napbeT!; He csi Ha.ioHcnTfJinii 

:i;l pyCCKFTl! ;l .l!1(.:Ji lililTM. C*mO TT-fl rptHKHH Kpa.II, [V>op- 

in e Span, na MafinaTa na Hhrojiba II. a eawtifl &xh* 
atn cnaceHHero Ha cbg-h jkhbottj bi. Hdohhh, Ha rp'i.tt- 
..iur ijjrBCTOJioHaoJi'EttHHK'fc, ht. TOBa lie noffbpwa na pyc- 
ri;.na . hi ii[Om;iuhm fla iioanosiara aa CHaSBaHHero na Pi.p- 
UHii n onoaopHBaRHeTo na ipuutaTn napcna /unianim. 
ff&msMGeptz uumepeajHaute- pyccKama dunnoMawut, h<- i;h- 
ftp AUVHOcmb, 'i Kt'wti iidjnmnnfipiimf.il> if EppMtttfXMH 

mp'tt.-mtllii!., KaTO r.llin OpAflHe Ha Bfp.lHHCKKH KOll- 
rpci-i . 38 KOHTO KHJTBb I '. ip'lii i;i ibi. K;l3Hall!0: T03B6 Hafi- 

qepiifin aicn. bi. irbjin'ra mh HHtuioMaTiiienia Kapiiepn". 

Kjiki'H.tl iia BCWJKaTa Apana, kojito ce paanrpa no 
iiaT;rri.i;i. n itojiTO c:e 3aiii,pmn iiafi-ceTH'B c r b CBajimiHeTi 
Ha caMim Kimah, frbiire bt> odctohtp^ctboto, ie BareM- 
6eprt. ce HBHBame, Karo iia.ioateHT. Eapona hu Pyceior. 
Ako Ha nocjTBfliifiTa p.y.hete 6 , exj. cboSoahh, to h««- 
mtypOMtorno H/tunn, KoeTO 6a HaiipaeBJia in.Mi. Buira- 
pHH, iii.'Biiie aa 6Afle yunjana, jifi'woto npHCieflHBeaHe 
na Bi.Jirapiin ifbin. Pyccnn. Hhh naaBaiae TOBa, 3amOTO 
HMomio TanH mjh'O !ioiiyjinpH3npauie pyccnaTa flHiuioita- 
uhh qpAst fiiJirapcidiT'li euHrpaHTH uptai, iieiKayKHfi- 
HtiieTo. Il-L Eaprina cB'i.paa pau'trb hb PycciiH in. Bep* 
Jim l'i> H rn Typa noat eflHa njioia, kohto frfane ns6p» 
jiu ct. oCmoTo Vji.oripf.Hne na Eepona, ropHAHiecKB hc- 

:i;iHticiiM'i., I'n. .ira pi nil uHHSb. 

ToBa, KoeTO EBpoua He noasojiH na PyecHfl B* 



- (88— 

CcpjiHHi., ooua'feflHflTa acKauie n,a ch ro noBBojw or 
caiia, Ei. B"WirapHfl, 3aTOBa h bchhkmth ycnjran Ha p; 
i AHruiOMaiuiji, ec.TecTBeiiHo, ce CTpeicfeXiR iri.m, • | ■ : 

THHeCKOTO Ijp'EM'BXBaHHe Ha KHflSOBaTa BJiaCTb. 

fljTBA'B pyeCKBTfl AHn.J10ACaU.HH 6'BX.fi. OTflCipeilH n 
11ATJI' HJIH A^ OGeajlHIH CXBCBMT: KHH33, ;ca I'D CHeMC 

BOjioatfiHfieTO Ha eAHHi. npocTi. pyccnn yiir"['i,-in|nn 
pHHi>, koBto Hem.jiHHBa 6e3VCJioBHo aanoB'biiHT'B Ha k 
najiCTBOTO cb, hjih naici. ab ro np-buaxHe. H jmaTa Tl 
enocoGa 6iix^. TypHj&Tn, e^tio cjnVab apyro, u - l jrbScTM 
ApporaiiTHJcrbTa n 6eacpaMneTO Ha pyccKHrfe an 
Tfl K1>M't> KHHBa HliACaX* TpaHHUH. Ham 3axBaiie«i. o 
aafl-ApefiHHT'B h Re3na<iHTejiHi) tpattTM, itaTo rpySo i 
aaiwraaBe Ha eTHKeTa wh aaopeaa it CBtpniBBTfa t.-t. I 
hhtb 3aiijiainnHimn, hckh3bhhh c% nuisa oTKpoBei 

BanpaBQ BT> 01BTB Ha KHH3a — HU BCEK.fiA'B pyCCKH* 

/IHiMOMaTH noKa3aax.ii, ie BCKarh aa ce OTB8CHTI1 
BaTeafiepra, Karo t-t e^HHi. noAinae-TL. ') CaMo m>pB 
jjyecKH amiri., .UaBHAOBT., ce e oTiiacnjn. kt>i 
Hem c-b yBanteHHe, 3a iroeTo toA h MHHyna. wencfly p) 
cerl., itaTO eflHHt HranHTeHi. flunjioaaTT, it sansj^ffff 
IK bchikh HnnjiouaTM ocTaiiiRJiH pyccftii areHTti: Xh 
pOBO, KywaHH. Hohhht. a KoflHjnapb, c% ce oTHacHJin 
neru, soft itoBeqe, koh no Hajnto G>.mepeMOHHo. Cjrl 
TT.fi cm ce A-bpjKajiH npo'iyTHT-B resepajia, paajiniHir 

BOeHHU HHHHCTpa, KOBTO Ce C1BTDJ1H ySK'b 3a 6T.jH'apC] 
MHHHCTpH. T'li H6 C* HCKBJIil HJL 3Hillff.Tl. KHfl3a 38 H 

mo, a 3;i buhikht* ch ;fBftcTBHH c* nojiyiaBajiB Haci 
BJieBHfl naiipaBO am, pyccitoTo co4>aftcito areHCTBO. 

Eto h h'bkojiko npHM'Bpa. IIo onyrafi na eaei 
iipiiura.'M ■ht, oG-fcAt, aa,T.eHT. bt. qecri. Ha iiojjkobhhi 



H aoXUVI.'.'LH H!l Villi iMJIFl 1 !, '■ HXl'l., pi 

i. BapHeHi'Kiui MitTpouanHT'i. Chmwuh. Ha ii.nKoei.GpaH 
na HapiH'Hi'Kiia qe[>MHi> ttpTaCTb, bt. MHTponaaHBTa, hi. HaflBc 
[meto iia C Jp -i. 1- 1 ; i-> - 1 1 t/j r*i i h ■ i ; ei r ra Rutins. ICmitTainiiub n Cttiweo 
I itpH pycriiHH nrn\"inn]ini;Tj ri, UupMi'pn.i'i. on. rypima n;u 
bafXB inn niHoait iia ypeftBi-t. Binpocaaa ttyxoaeatTBOTO. Tavi,, 
TH'wiihii-Tii hil pn^i'OBopa, ejtEiHT. dt"b MiiTprjoraHTinii Kanajn,. 
ip-tOBS as ce o6T,pnpM i us. nonaraue n Jtti'feHiieTo ita khh33. Tt 

K8T0 HyUS, HOHHKOBT. l!3BHKBa piiaPtpAeHO: ,KHR3b! KlO KHH3b? 

ji'HHui.. - thin [i|'l;i..iiiiiMe to'mi eiiHaoataoToaitoBa, Ki.vmOTO Wfi &tfp 



En6opHKHHT>, rraHJfijrb o<paaepcKB CKaajiajn. ii OTTOBop* 
naua My, hojikobhhk'i. IIoiiob'l e rp'EfiBa.rio aa ch a,aa.e 
"T'T;ii!U;n:i. r l,;ice KaO'brHATb BTopii CKHHfl.ajilJ KHn3iTb 
HaHHcJiHjrb m aaitp-BTH, qp-fes-b npHKaai, cupHuepCKHrk 
Bt'iLpiuiKH 6e3i. cneaaajiHo paapljuieHue. Hi itoraro Tfift 

Ce OfrbpHAJTb K1M1 BOCHHHH CH MHHHCTpi, KpHJIOBa, fla 

npHKaaa, nocji'feflBHBrbOTroBopH^i., leTofl Tp*6- 

Ba Jia ce noeiB'ETBa h nplsjiaapHTeJiHO ci r. Xht- 
pOBO, a, KoraTO ce hbmjii cjit/n. a.aa 4acn, aaHBHjn. 

W, 110 HHHilKIBI HU4HH1, HC MOHte fla liClllJlHH MClta- 
HHCI'O HO KHH3a.') /IpyJ'CT ROfHCHI MHHHCTpi, I'eHepajii 
Pamirepi, cuhhi aeab, bi OTCATCTBiieTO Ha KHfi3a, 
yBojuiaBa on. uoacnaTa coGcTBemiHn KHaatecKa Hjno- 
raHTb, noJiaHKOBa h reHfpajja JlecoBofl — kohto hsbbcth- 
; BaTeHSepra 3a aaroBopa hpothbi Hero, aipnieni 
en"!, Co6ojieaa h Hayji6apca. npii TOBa Pajinrepi aafla- 
B9 aa 24 oKTOMBpafi \8&S npintaai, ci kbhto aanoB'fcA- 
Ba na flBaMata oipiinepa fla Haiiyciix'ri EuirapHfl bi 
48 qaca a ce uippATi bi Pyccna, aaam, me fiA/tATb 
cinrriHii, Kai'o ae3epTbopH s ). KoraTO EaTeH6eprb, bis- 
IJT6H1 oti CBOeBO.meTO na Paaiirapa, ro noKaHB.ni fla 
I A3Ae OTCTaBitaia, to PiiAHrepi OTroBOpmii, 'ie tob 
» ch aaAe mncmaecmma, cumo xamo My im noucxa hmih- 
mopa. KoraTO, no paHO, EaTeafiepri. HCKauie ocraB- 
. Ha Co6ojieBa h Kayjifiapca, noci'feflHHT'B oitobo- 

HpOHH^eCKB, 1C MHOI'O CIJKO.lHBaTI, rrt'BTO ae MO- 

. na. HCnijiHflTt HtejiaHHero hb KHaaa, flo KaTo ne 

'hati aa TOBa aanoB-BAb Hanpaso otI n.apa. 
PyccKHT'b flini.noMaTH'icciiH are htm flix.n ouu? no 
nepeMonnn ci KHaaa. H Menoty text, hb uipBo mbcto 

>kh HoHHirh. Ome hiomi Kara npacTarHifc bi Cti(pnn, 
t ce HBflBa npii anaaa a emto My np^jjiara e^am 

[Marvin,, aa kohto me roBopiiMi bi nji*maTa rviiiBa, 

BB, B'b eftflHb HiiilM'BHeHT. H CipflHTI T0H1, Haft 

yKopa na KiiH3a, Karo My cio6maBa, ne HMiiepa- 

T> ciBipnieimo ne 6njn> noBOJiem on aeroBGTO 

le&eaMe. „Ha bch'ikhtb boh :(afVfc;rB>Ki.-ii, pacKa3B.ijn 

') A. ■]'. r.^nBiiHi,, Op. 220 — 223. 

■) Koi'h. ij. no - 131. 



khhsl A.ieitcauapi. na Koxa, Hohhht. oTrctBapaino 6eao6- 
paaao ii fieacpawuo n Koraxo, iiafi-ceTHt;, My .-;..■ 

JIa OCT8BH T03H HejIOCTOeHT} e3HK'b, TOfi Ml! OITOBOpH: 

,'iacTuo 3a *iene. aai, liaTO HoeHU'b bh mojim. jia m<: i 
bhhhtc 3a moht-Is ocrpa jiyua, Hb, uarn opaTetiHtiKX i 
aeroea B&RHHecTBO iinpa, a clmi. upHHy/u'Hi. jia bh noi 
TopiA, qe HwaM'b 3atioBl>,Tb on. HMiiepaTopa , : i,a vmuti 
fiiff, tobh earnm, fd'employer ce langage'). I\ Tojiobi 

— 'liii-iiiiirrn. eeitperapi. Ha KHfm — ksto ei.ofiuj 
Cflunafl i{iaiir!., iipnBaBJi, ne Hohhjtl 3aiuiai 
mum ci. pyccKorc miiKOBe, kohto tl3 JiecHO MOT&i b 
Ofi TO KCILSiflB&TL H3'l. BiJirapHH, KaKTO C.'t, to ii ■ 
KHH3bT!, n'TTnUripinn, na lluHHIUI, HI' aKO TOfl lie r,'lf AHIIH! 

na HoHiiHa itaTO Ha ejimrb ."ip'L,ut"raiiiiTejiL an uap>i, 

KOftTO e HCDHHOBaTli 33 flfilKICKaTa MJ', TO KtlflSa 

iii i it a .t i. c.iyi'aTa en ;i.;i ro inxiri.p.in hi. in., a eera cairt, 
ro noKami jia iia;itne'). „Eto KaKT.Hn uTHJiama Pycciin, 
cb CK'i.plj'1. roBi.ipH.Tb BaTeiwoepri. ua Koxa, ue:sa6aBiro 
■ -.I I. .n. ropiwrra e.'iyiKa, aa kohto Ht-Tupii roAuuma no- 
c.iyiniKH-rb.* 

Ht TOBa no e Ghjio iioc.ji'b/i.hcio otkphto crbJIKHi 
nt-iiiii' na KHHsa i"b Momma. KiiHabTb noHC 
HoHHna fla cloSlliu bt. Ilerepfiyprr., ne, na mIictotq i 
PHflBrepa, ucKa aa f>.Y./ie naipaiVHi, retiepa.ia .Irinn; 
3a BOt'Hi'iri. MHHHCTp-b. Toraaa Hohhht. My <. 
fiyicaajiHo: HapbT'i. iiHiiora He me /iajie BoitCMaTfl 
lib i),T.u,l;r[i na ivinin. HtJioBEirb, kohto me cnynja i 
Bene saci., otkojikoto uacV. Heita aafi'k'i-BJKHirh, > 
renepa.in. JlecoBoft 6hjtt> jnineHi. npHflrejib na Eu-rt'i 
fiepra. NocjilifliinHTb oTrOBopmrb HonBHy, He 
,iy.\nni; my, i;;irn jihhho ocirbpfijieHHe, Ha KoetO ITMf 
HoHFIHT.., OTI. CBOH CTpaHa HTB'l.pHAJTb: „XafiAe, 
HMaMT. BcbKOra BJiacTtia jia flowapain. eflHo cKapai 
11110" ii iisi'l^mfui. upuoaaHjTb ,,ne unii, pas6apa 
Htiaceu'b u ce I'lMiiMi, orb iioao6ho irktup". 
oT&i.pii.ii.in. Toraaa Mommy: „Eon. mm e cRnjliTejib, 
lie curb 331., ku'ito 6n vue.ia.Ti. ejiuo cKapeaHH 



i) Paaroeopa p npoiw* 

■ I.M 



-l-l-'FlfH 



K' .J Ii. ■ rp. 113 



Cj&mo He 



rn Hcita ,111 ro pptiAii3Biii 
■ CbfiR" 1 ). 

1 1 1 ■ 1 1 roBa HaaMt'HUo h GeaufpcMOHHO omacHHHe Hfl 
t'hini; .iiiii. : I':im;itk ct. it HH3a, ecTecTBeHao e, -ie nocj%a' 
in.' e Mon.jn. fta utniBa xjiaaiioapT.Beirb. Pye- 

ari.'MTIl IK' :-iil']inilX,¥. lierOBOTO jIHIHO 'Kinl;il[|[(i 

(BToaucTso, hhto HeroaaTa lecTk. A khh.-h.'u-, yBUJiiaBaiuo 
.0 to I'l.iviai.'HBauio ,'iii tTaHe c.tI.iio opsflae 
pyecKHrii ;iiiii.'ii>,\i;itm. Tofl 0TCT«.nB8me, in. m ruBim 
. fflofipaTa cubcjie. n;i ayjiara, BoflHHUiKH xapaKtep-ii Be 
nteme ;ia ce npbn.Ba rj.fi 6ennana3ano. II rjdpii'ii.rt., 
i.m.i pyceKHT-fc ii,nii;ioMaTii tt.0 Oeawa^iocTHO ii|i|;hii- 
, ce !L:',!t.ii..ii.;uiii.- no H'bitora hot. pA.ul;ri; mn. a 
pnine ■ 1. ceoa ttpafl H'ekoh on. rtncb. 

lli.|'H;ii( ii.Y.LB, KOflTO Mai'ijiax.!. pyi'ciiiiT'Ii jjhiijio- 
, ce ytfasa, im'hi, '[uuhuii.'ii noin,:jMo>i(enT>. Ocrasaiiie 
. isTupnH nihTh: HaroHBHHaeTO 11a Kuaaa.. Tvk-i. 
BTa juiuJiiniaiuia upuo'lsnta .10 (VbjirapCKHr'Jj no.ni- 
-CFdi napmu 11 tppamina. B3aHMua'ra 6op6:i na noc- 
WT4 3fl B.iacTb'ra rn .-;;«. t*.' bt> pAwi/lrrl; 11a pycftta- 

l jKin.JfJStilUHH, OTT. KOHTO, B'b Hero MOUeHTb, Hnii-JlliOl'u 

teams \ paeaHHexo ita raaii BJiacib. Octilan. un- 
man Ha caMiMj'i.xpain.'Hi-ie, koSto rn. tuiMiui M6M6HVM 
macHOCTbTa e napajn. Seapaajw-ino bchhkhi I; i"u..i- 
»ci(H noJiHTHqecKH i|ipai;mni fla co SopHirb ct> apetefl- 

H3 pyCCKHT'fe .lllll.l'i.UilTIi, y TE3H nOJlHTLl'IWKK 

1 JinncBamo bceko paafinpaHHt: 11a OCHOBHHT'fe 11a- 
1a pycuKaTa uoJiHTZKa sia Ea;ii;ninni;. Orb TOM 

';,;:\, <K V frbJirapCKIl'i'-B IJOJlHTH'ieCKH MAVJKW JllllK'lia- 

ihhte rip'f;flBHA- i iHB(n.'i'i., kohto rn Gfl iiapajia 
''BABapaaT'i- onacuocTb'ra, a He ji.a kr naitari. ;i.a 



Tp. i'l'-l -Ml. V. MiiTD'l;eii'i>, iwim iipniioiii ih ijipcn- 
to:hi piiKi inuipi, ii|iiiijni:fi: ,nn c '!.<'> pa hi nil iitt. Jiene 
'HI TfffeGBii .lil '■'■ ;i|i|i:!l[;ir. '|i HIITIfJUHITTI. UTT, Koxil 
MiTIMHfi .- <T;ilM.'il,' M;u;;lp'i. 'In ' II THIJieH' 

a paaroBopa u up'bjaaeEra noH'bpnn 11 rcHiemiHiuinr iM;nr. 
Jill. Il-ii-.i-i: i.uiiit-. ,11-mii 11,1 MiiTn. ne ce othbcbm. kmh. iJwk- 

|rr« CT] .1 11, l pa3rosopa n iiI:ii.iti. 3a Hact ;mii'ieime. Hiifl 

Dme, 'K', utinTU MiiTH. ii. ii ii Lini'iiiirrli Ajiyni |iycci(N jibtiijik, 
Itil 1 II p;lM<- [TilTtllllftH'l., ('h'iMl.lillESCKH, JleuUTHBUli II .|p.) c* 

Mir"?|m. j'y.-i r>-ir .iuii.i'.iuth n. : i..ira Kappsepo, 



— IS* — 

B-beei., w KapaBejioBi. cam. e aoiin>Jn> m. Cocjhih 
a up e 5am, nOBHitairh ott. HoHinia, kskto ibbji^m Koxi.. 

T'bfl HJ11I HHSKT., H'b lioHUH'I. Maiiap'I- H .HSOXOTHO" 

OTJTi. Ri. cHomeHHH ci. KapaBe;;oHa, it, Koraro Herosu 
aaMtcTHMKi. KnHHjap'K ftofifle, HHTparaTa frfcme t 
;iyaaBi.p3aHa. ..CbrJianieiuicTo Me*Ay KofiH^apa a Ka 
paaejiOBt., iinrue MarabeB't,, cthh*. khicto re bbj&asidi 
Ha n04Bai'a Ha ejmaiiBO cnojrBJieHHH orb ffexx bsivutai 
ie pojihthkqtr Ha KHflsa ejn.5K.niBa... HaraaTa jihiijio 
MauHH, Mawapi. h fla He B3e«ame nine hhkrkbh aKTBS 

HIl WBpKH, H"b 11 He 1-fSpilBailtf, OlUf TOrBBH, MH'BUHeTO CH 

tie BijJirapHfl we me ce ycnoKow ;i,o rorasa, ao khto h 
Hefino qejio ctoh BaveHoepn,. Kttp(w<>.wib. utinnio <:■ 
t}aut<:, Hmih.w) /io,idiMmif: mojii n:tiMtth n npu moeaomu 
name no natnarmtn, xamo pa3ucK3auie, tngbpdn ynpdHo 
npaKmitvecKiimih c)in,ncni8n, Koumv 5u mpii,6m.uo On < 
gsewmt :ia hviuhoiihi ocxuteemexeauue" . ') 

Hi. 6aBHocTbTa u iiep'fciiJHTejniocTbTa h;i Kapa 
aejioBHH xapiiKTep'b ro B*bcup-BXJK Tym,, KaKTO h ii 
kt>cho nptiib np&Bpara Ha 'J ABrycrb, no kohto toB bi 

A'EUle np-BroBOpH CT> CbBaKJIHTHHUHrB, H<\ lIp-feiUipHeM 

ejtHO Henocp'B/i'-'TBeHHO jrbficTBHe. Toba, pa36apa ce, c 
nOKOJieSaaauie TBT-paoio p-tmeHiie na pyccKHTfa ahiijii 
Mam fla cT.6opwrL mam. 

.PycciiaTa AEHJlOMauHfl en Qisuie iiocxaBH.,ia ; 
H'fejib na CBOHTa jTBHTejiHOCTb, name r. TaTBmeBi., ot 
CTpaHesweTO na BareHfieprciiHn npninrb. on fri.Jirapr.KH 
aptcTOJTb* a no linrarLUb: B HaiueTO nairfepeHHe aa hi 

oCxOAHHOCTbTB H;i 0TCTpaHeHH6T0 H;l KHIISil OCTaRHHie T»( 

Ha Meatfly Jinuaia, kohto pAitoBOiVEXA pyccKOTO coiJjHf 
CKO areiircTBO h BOflH'rejiHi-b' Ha napTHmi;. - ."') 

Tm'i ce UjierBllie HHTpiirara, an.pTBa HS koht 
TplifiBaiiif jia najne cnopo KHH3b AjiesteaHjipb. /to Tyn 
HHfi na i n,p'raxue ro.'rliMHrl; ijo.iH*iHieci(H jihhhh Ha T33 



*) MaTB-fceB'b. dp. 11(1. 

'j TaTHmeB'i. Op. 898 m IW. 



— t§5 — 

HCTopHHecna ApaMa. Ht> bt> nem. HMa otaIsjihh enmoAtf , 

CUeUH H A'feftCTBHH, KOHTO XBtpJIflTb eAHa a/JCKa CB'feT- 

jiHHa B-bpxy HaM'fepeHHHTa h A'feftcTBHHTa Ha pyccnaTa 
AHnjioMai5Hfl bt> BtJirapHH. TIsxhoto viSJiomeime e h 
np'feAMeT'b Ha HA^mnrfe rjiaBH. 



■^*>S>z»>«>dt> 



Y** 



fjiaBa mecTa 



flpfesp 

OpoeKT'bT'i, 3a KOHCTHTyijHH Ha kh. HepKacKH. — npoeKTT>Ti> Ha 
AoHAyKOBa h m>pBOTO 6T>;irapcKO ynpeflHTejiHO c'LtfptiHiie. — CT>3aK- 
JiHTHero bt> uepKBaTa Cb. FleTKa. IIp r EBpa , n>'n>, khh3BT , l h KOHce- 
pBaxopHT'E. — ynacTHeTo Ha PyccHH. — PyccKaTa peaKUHOH- 
Ha npecca h KOHCTHTyunoHHHfl 6tJirapcKH pevKHMi,. — .HejiHKaTHOTO 
nojrojKeHiie Ha Pyccnn. — IIoApi>JKKa'm, kohto Pyccnn AaBa Ha Ea~ 
r reH6epra. — U.HpKyjinp'LT'L Ha THpca. — EBponeficKHTB AtpwaBF* 
h np'BBpaTT>Tf>. — CtMH'BHHflTa Ha pyccKHTfe ^HnjiOMaTH h upowfe- 
HaTa bt> nojrHTHKaTa kt.mt, KHfl3 r b BaTeH6epra. 



KHH3b MepnacKHft 6^106 e^nHb BJiacTeHT> HOB'BK'b. 
Toft noHHTauie CHJiara h, bt> o6pa3a Ha KaMiHKa, br 
B'bSBeacAaiiie bt* A'kpwaBeH'b npHHUHnt. Bt> 1860 r. hm- 
nepaTop'b AjiencaH^pt II AaAe na rjiacyBaHHe BieacAy 
CBonrfe c'bB'BTHHUH BT>npocc r < Aa ce ynoTpl^HBa jih conaTa 

M T'BJieCHHT'B H8Ka3aHHH BT>o6me HJ1H He. MeHCfly TB3H, 

kohto H3AaAoxa iviaca ch bt> nojm Ha conaTa, Ha m>p- 
bo m'bcto bt> cnwcbKa CToeuie KHH3b HepnacKHft. 1 ) Kora- 
to kh. 4epKacKn nojiyHM ypejKAaHHeTO Ha E^JirapHfl, 
Toft cm cuomhh cTapoTo Hanajio h H3pa6oTH eAHHt npo- 
eKT-b 3a eAHa KOHCTHTyaHfl TB'bpA'fe peaKijHOHeirb, HJIH, 
KaKTo ce H3pa3HBa MerKo c.iaBflHO(|)HJia MaTB'feeB'b, eAHa 
„caMo6nTHa" KOHCTHTyijHfl 2 ). Kh. MepKacKH HeHaA'feftHO 
yMp'fe h np'BAH ripoeKTa My, M3pa6oTeH , b B r b „Ayxa Ha 
3ApaB0T0 c6jiHMceHHe on> Pyccnn h T'fecHaTa ct> uevh co- 
jiHAapHocTb" na 6±me aaB'bpmeH'b, w kh. ,Il,0HAyK0BT> He 
MOHce Aa ce B-bcuojisypa orb Hero. npoenrbrb, koAto 
H3pa6oTH nocjrfeAHHft, 6nAe np'BACTaBeBTb bt> IleTep- 
6yprb Ha napn, kohto ro np r EAaAe H a eAHa kommhcchh noAt 

a ] KruoKo.rL. C6o})hhk'e» OraTen. Op. 231. 
2 ) MuTB'LeB'L. C r rp. 25. 



J 



- I <M - 

■ i' ' i.i i' i, ti;iitm mi imam. VpycuKn. Tvu'i., npoeK- 

n. npfeTtpirs H.iMl.noiinH it bi. OhomaTfeUia 4'°l ,Ma 

i ro b'i. piiATS b'l B%nrapnfl np*3T. 1879 p. m. fliiya- 

I 'iiupci'L T03H npoeirn., 3aK0H0;iiu'e;iH£iTa B-'iacTb 

;lk ■iiti-nie na eaao ci.SpaHiie, at. Kiiero iiwanie 10 

itwth no iipaao (en.iapxa, mhtjioiio.ihthtI., nptw"1> 

■e.'iHTt. na c&AKAHmava), 2o /H'nyj'aTH naGpami on 

K>Aa H 3o AenyTaTH, nasmmeHU qti> KSflaa, rs ihto, 

I fiptlR HP Tp'l/>BUTIO .1.1 Ikl.lMHHytlitTt OOJIORHHara Ha 

iSpaHBi-b nenyTaTH 1 ). Ocfffeifb tobb, iraAaBaiuu ce n»fl 

Sape'ieaHfl H'bpwaBeH'b cbB-fen., Etofi-ro Giiiue p;e.ho Miuinn 

HapOAHO cbfipanne no BJiacTfin en, a H^Maure liHiup «a- 

puiufi no HannHii, no koHto TpHfjBatiifi aa r:Tna;i hli.iwi- 

muero Ha ri.(.-TaBa My. 

yipcAHTWiHOTo 6-bJirapcKo impojuio cbftpanae qt- 
inp.iii T03H KOHcepeaTHBeirti npoeiin, h npne ,'ipyi'u, 
i no jiH6epajiein., w\, koAto ce BTiBemflaine Bceofr- 
i BafiepaTeaHO iipauo. Hi-pBoro yqpeaBTcaHO ci.r>- 

' H6KOB3 I.IHU OpiRJHBe, <-l. KOPTO C-JHITE. ;U'HI> CT.3- 

rejnio me en cjiyjKH ufeanfiTt. Kaposi, bt, cboji Hafi 
ma nojraa. 

PyCCKHflTb liOMMHCCapb IEP ]FftR3Bfl!Iie lipOTEIBOJl.'feH- 

iae Ha DpoKapBaHHCTo Ha -roae npoeKTh. Cam. no ce« 
■ ch Btiipofi.Tb aa KOHCTaxyuHHTa hc iip-RAC'Tasflmc aa 

UJHH OCB r BHTi ejtHH'l. OTB.TBHPH'b II BTOpOl'T'bEieHPH'h HI1- 

jeeb. Bt HeflnaTa mhct-jii. bchikoto Toaa nvBme aa una 

i iipHBpbML'HHo c&mecTByBaHRe. Or* flpyra rrpaHa 

6-Bitie Beie h3b-ectho, ie bt^ B-MiapHH me notice 

, lyMtaeHem, Kmrab, a cnjiaTa Ha pycceTfe Jie»eme 

cHMiiaTnHTl; Ha (Vuhh pcaaxa Macca, Ta, kojikoto ho- 

: Hapujrbrb nojiyiaBauie HaflMOmiiP Haji'b KHiraa, toji- 

noBene CM-ETax* pyccKBTB flnn.ionaTH m<-' e ffi. 

hhh Hiirepec-L e^ua mapoKa aeMOKpaTHqecwa kohcth- 

„np<Bo6jianaMLmeT0 b-ihhhw h:i Hap. Cbfipanne, 

TaTHmeB"E>, up-LacTaBJEHBa rapaHtma bt. tobb, 'it' 

ie,B.a K8fl3b He me yB.TBie Btjirapaa m- h*th na 

lacHcro ce. 3aiiaat ei m-JinoTO U OT^fKKaHHe B or* 

-) [bid. Crp. tfi. 
Op. 48. 



cTpaHt'Hi-ie oti. eAHiiofi'lijiHHTa n eflUHonj;eMeHHa PyecHfl* ') 
TaTBUit'Bt He nofl03Hparne, 'ie kmghho KoncTHTymioHnnfi- 
peiKHMh m'feuit' Aa Bf,c.nnTa y frtJiraperfe iiu,iiiiti'iec[-;i 
jin6epajiHH BiiycoBe, kohto naft-najiKO me rn itaparL u 
cHMBBTasHpaTb iia caMOA'tpHfaBHa Pyccim. Hi., noBTa- 
pjijie hhB, B-hnpoc^n. 3a KOHCTHTynHHTa b'l ua<iajioTc 
MHnvBauie ne3a6"fejrE3aHO aa pycceTt ii naiyni 3a i-fexi 
eji,iio 3naqeuHe catto b~l upline iia np-feBpaTa. 

IlpllHI! CBHKBaHHeTO H3 11'l.pBOTO V l ]peAHTeJlHO Tlij 

hobcko H. C'i-fipaiiHe pyccerb nanpaBuxA e;umi. mijjilk 
ouht'l fla iipofl'L.iM(*ri) caoeTO CToeane B'l. B'Wirapi 
T*fe BHyniHxm Ha h-ee(ijh 6t.JirapcKH aeiiyTaTu 
njiaHT,, a cajm ee oTflpTjUHax* Ha cTpaaa aa q. 
II'Bkojiko 6i)jirapcKH RenyTaTH cbhkhjih ofisuo cbtSpamtt 
bt. leptwaia Cb. IleTKa. Ta*rE> 6hjio p^meao aa npoit 
cTHparh iipivrHBfc pacnoKACBaiiHeTO, usui-puiptm bt, Bej 
;ihht., n fla aauBHiTb, ne -datta-mo Enponn »■■■ <■>■ < 
na o6ueditticnitemo, tun, e.\mniamh acibKO usCupamtc > 
SbAtapsttu KHiisb 3a weKj/,wMo, nfl K8T0 BbJirapan 
He me njia cp'feflCTBa fla ro H3/vbpjKa. Bb e.YuueTO i 
Me B'b Kaaanji'bK'b 6njEa naBtpiuena e^aa xajma nam 

(peCTaUHH Bl. CMHCT.J1L Ha CLnpOTllB-IPHHe UpOTHBI. < 

nlsnBaiiHeTO, a na siaitenoiicKaTa rpaHHEja r. rojinniin 
cne ti.ua jehhh npaTeHHiiKi- Ha JlpHflyKOBa, opraHHa i| 
Haejmo eb nannTaH'1. OBCannfl — OKpA^eirb ynpaBBTe/ib 
ua KiucTeeaii.Ti. — e.ano Ma.'ino B'l.acTaHHHieuKO flBHWe- 
nne.'t OntasBaiiHeTO aa ce aafiepe kiijk-h, n bt>o6ui, 
Beano iioao6ho fltflcTBHe 6'feuie aa pyceKHTB o[<ynau.HO! 

HU BOflCKH e.'I-BCTHEIJ.'b Eip'EflJIOrb fla OCTaHffVTt BT. Eld 

rapiia, 3ii fla BapAB&Tb THinnHaTa. II'i. croBopt' 
Cb. Xlema eKopo Chjit. HanycHsrb, m 6jiaropa3ynHei 
HaABHJio iiaflij Heo6nHCJieHHOTO naTpsiOTH'iecito 6yHT) 
BaHE>e. 

KoraTO Ha Kimai, AjteKcaHAapi. Ghjio eioOJUCB 
aa HeroBHa Hsfiopt, Tot) 3aMHHA 3a JlHsaflna. BaTeM- 
6eprb, itofiTO, ouHrein, eoto BoeiieEri., noBe'ie pa36Hpame 

OTt KDMailflaTa Ha flpyjKHHa, OTRO^KOTO iiT'l. TBSJfl E 
') TaTHiiieEL. Crp. 372. 

'J rOflOBBH'L. CTp. 31-33, 



.i!,i. uaMnpa.it, 'ic ci. T'LjjHOBii'KaTa laiHCTHTyunfi 
me My 6xiixe mhch-o ma'Iho na. ynpaBJuraa BiwirapHfl. 

Th.)l1 CBIH MHCJTH TOft CbugmHjn. H Ha HapH B'b .'InBaAHH. 

Tyifb ro iiocT)B , feTBajiii Aa npnewe 3a cera frbJirapcKHH 

npr&CTOJib, it uM.iib in': -ii,y ce noMoim da inptmuiu koh- 

itutma 1 ). 

OtpBiiHrj., ci.craBeHT. on. rbhsb, KaSunen. frfeme 

KOHCepBaTHBeHi. Cb EypMoaa, uaro MHinicTpb-upiiflcii- 

ii.il.. BbcriHTaHT. Ha crporo MoaapxmeciCHT'fe naiajia, 

KBHBi> A.it'i;i:;iii,ipi, rbpe-feme, ecTecTBenHO, nnjsp-batKa y 

Hafl-KOncepBaTHBHHT"fe ejieMCHTH bt. cTpawaTa. OOaie, 

canaia BOHCTHTymtn AaBawe jwcTAin. ^o BJtacTbTa Ha 

SOfllDBHCTBOTO, il TOBa 6oJl!llH:lCTB0 Ha N'hpBHT'B H30OpH 

ooje H3JiP3e .wifiepaJiHO. Tym. i;n>i3bn. ome no h&ctos* 
tcjiho aaxBaH* Aa ce fiiip.t aa iiaMTiHonHero na kohc.th- 
TynnHTa. Tofi iia.«'l;]iii np-fe^aHHH noMomnnn,n aa oca- 

HCCTBeHIlliTO Ha THBH H.Hefl B1. J]«UeTO Ha KOHCepBBTO- 
pHT'fc, KOHTO BHJKjaXff., IC GoJHIItiHCTBOTO — AO KOJ1KOTO 

MOmeme .in craBa AJ'Ha aa ranona - He e na TBXHa 
CTpaHa h saroBa, 'iptot peaKuiionnii saKOHu 11 orpaHH- 
'leiniero Ha KOHCTHTynHHTa, Hiu'.rhx* jui np-ferpaAwrb 

HATH Ha JIHGcpaJlHHTB KTiMT.. BJiaCTbTTJ. 

3a t1>3h ABa ipaicTopa Hii npliBpaTa— KHH3a H KOH- 

cepBaTHBfiaTa nap-run iiafl nouetiyBaMe casio HiiayBaft- 
KH, iiHaiCL 6n BJITJ3JIH Sh e,mia o6jiacTb, Ha kohto wfeCTOTO e 
Hi. Apyra eAHa ifunra. Tyia. aa Haci. e Baarno Aa onp-E/vfe- 
jihmt. noBeAfHiieTO ii pojinra na PyccHH bi. np'EBpaTa. 

Pyccitirrfc 3amHTHi!U,H bt. BbJirapHH tb'lpjj,i*-tt> Ha 
bcbkii, hoBto ncKa Aa ni cjiyma, ie bt> uptjBpaia Pyc- 
tnii ce noMii-Mri.ia no;uipb KHfl3a n KctiicepBaTopnTfe, Btp- 
xy kohto iiaAa Bctmnaxa oTi-OBOpHoeib no Hero. lib Tfin 
natDHrfc pyccocpmm — a, 3a cLHtaJieHHe, He ca«o *ryirb hck- 
arb Aa ce nOKanrffiT'L no pycce orb caMHTE pyccnn c.iaBHHO- 

(pHJIH H AHnJIOMaTH, KOHTO HC CKpHBaTb yiafcTHeTO Ha PycH- 

H bt. np'BBpaTa. I HiKoS pycco(pHJ!T.,r. .UpaHAap't,, yBtpneajn, 
bt> cboht;i KHiira: „rieTroAHTiino qapyBaHhe" ,ie .HauiHTli 

') Man;, 65 — 66. Caopeflt opyra aepcHB, kohto ce cp'biua y 
c»iiihh iiBTop-L, HHir.ihrh no HHcTOfiRaHHeTO 1 1 ii A.i II ce rtr-ia- 

a riJillf'Hl. HJi -l-.i'Til.l:! rv.'ll'L BCfeKaKBH ycJIonu. 



CIMT. *a ripnf 




ftepajrarfe'), kutaxQWh irame in. /'//<■'■. <ie ,cej amHBT) 
lioin.'LtiTyiiHfl Tpt.rntii na ce yiinmovKH, fla ce aafl^Ti 
h.i rn>"i:!;i ttwihomoiuhb sa 5 hjih 10 rojiiHM ii i;i 
orpiiHii'ijTLrij npasaTa Ha Hup. OlOpaHHe, kocto fla CTW 
eaHO t'bffbmaTpjifio t-bjio.^)" C*meBp - EMenHo AkcbjcC 
name no KHHBa jn.jjro nwciio, r.a,1>TO My KaaBa, He , 
BHHCKHftn. rji.pHtaBeHi, naeajrb c jiesaBHCiiMa odium 
orp&fmieHa vh EaeaauHero Ha k-bctbht-b paooTH, yB*» 
IBBa on BT>psoBBaTfi, fieayc.noBiin aficojiKmta h cam 
A'i.]i:i(aBH:i Bjiarrb 1 )- Ma noMooib Ha peanniioimaTa ( 
■jvitC'i.|>i i"tm.if'i;;t npecea ce HBflsa h ueHsypaTa. Ct HHp- 
[ryjinpi, on 29 Anpn.inn 1881, ueH3ypaia 3aiiOB-B. 
.np'fert'b bujit. na iiiSBT.pniHJiiiH ce bt> BiJirapna np'tspan 
H neoSxoAHMOCTbTa aa ce no at, put a i;hh31> AjieKcaHjj| 
BanjoTt) HeroBoro oTCTpaBfisatiBe fin noBjrfeHJio aHapxim, 
lipaaBOBa 3;i atejiate^RO, moTO nanjaTa upecca aa 
OTHacn ci. np-bAna^innocTb m>Mi. ceranmitrE ci.Gbthh 
B'b Coipnfl, TtiJiitOBa noBP'ie, -w Henp'l;;iiia3JTHBn C»j,eBBB 
MOHtejiH fin jwniaBO ji.a noB.iHHbKn- an itbjihh BajiKaHCKH 
iiojiyocTpoB'i."*). Civbui. jj,Bn jieHH, na I Man, ct 
c*uj,eTo, Tbft.KaTO, B'Mip'BKH yanp-EmeHiieni, 
B*BCTHnm-i Ch JiHfiepaJietr-L ayxii ce hbh.ih Koppecnoimet 
una MpoTHBt Kiiaaa. Tpii irbceiia ctbat. tobb Milium 
p-bi-h ciwp;i aa 6 srfcceija .iiiOepajiHrni b. /Wn aa I 
roBHTB ,r>T3HBii h cA.ieHMJi aa BtJirapcKHa i 
to H3JiHnaTb n:n> nocji-bflin-irB up-BfltJiH Ha npujiH'iHeTo"') 

'] TilTllllieBT.. 373. 

, r. i pacnpaBH, ie leHepa.n. [IapeHtain 
pyccKnn boph. mhhuctpt. bt> Bt-irapmi, KaTO ce sp-biumi h h 
bt. nafiTOHT. in. Haflopi. HcmeBU, HiiKupsi.n. j.i ciTpsTb Dp-tai. 
ui:it;i BB BypHOBH, Toras-i mhh. nptAcfaa, h BSBBKajra .Ji'i.is h 
cTHTyimuTii!* [i-tji. 1 121. 



■I \\:: I.|.|;|.IM 11-1 \:i|>;n. l.-|i|ri 

=i Ibid. &8 fctunvrt nnpKyjinpfl . 

JV. ]l. 5*1 — ."4i. llilll.ni. , l\ :■ 

wpxfMpa 

■1 >6pRMmul Ui 

H*,nnfl n I.- ■ i 




C/MO.O ;i.lLll.lHMriTiri -I, ilcbaTT. rliepni'Ji.'i.'KK Hawtne- 

i m icoHCTUTyunfiT;i h iicnaamiT'b OTKpHTO caoei-o 

rwfleBBe on koiicthtj'uhohhhh peatHirt b% LVh.'ica- 

, PanopTH bt, tush flyxi. es.no cnlwb Jipyro ncnpa- 

ijih bt. FleTcpSypri.; .Ihbihhtj, ynpaBJiHHiiiuia eo$Hfl» 

1 pyccito areHCTBo'a pyccKini; nocjiaRQmm bi. Bj»- 

na [i IVqiiirij/ijii.: .'Ioiimhobt. h Hobbkobt.*^.* 

B'b iiainjioTu iia nan (1881) BT.iipocT>Ti» aa npfe- 
Bpara e BiieceaT. Bi^pyccitHfl mi-hhctopckh clbbtt., noflt 
np'BAcliAii'i'wicTBOTC) Ha reHepaji'h MrHaTneBT.. Taut ce 
ptonsaa bt, yTR'i.pamejiHa CMiici..ib n, 11a 10 Mafi, Tupc'L 
rejierpa (papain a KHnaa, He pj,u-fe r rfe My c* cbo6o,'j.iih t ). 
Hi. 'ryin. np*flT. Pyccim co ncnpaBart h-bkojiko 

DpfeHKH, BT. □p'BKpailB.'lHHeTO Ha KOHTO Tfl TpiiSBaUje flS 

6*jie umiMii rr.iiin. 0(pnnna;iHoi'o cbHyacTBue Ha Pyccaa 
Ki.Mh khhu-l. BaTeHfiepra fi-knie iieciiHH^HBO. .Hninepa- 
TOpCKaflTb itaGHHen. ce e Bene oTKaaa^T. ocpHmia^no 

Oil. BCBIta COJlHaapHOCTh L'l. KOHCTHTyUHflTH*, name 

I'lipcL bt. cboh unpnyJiap'L no areera en bt, Ctxpas, 
„tia komto Tt. pun Be koto ctGpaHHe flafle pajtnKa.iein. 

SapaKTepT,, i:T,nrliMT> pHSJIHHeiTb (ITT. 0T.XpaHHTeJlHllTT3 
OCIIOBH. KO0TO Illlfl'fi'bSMe CpliflJlOHtHJlH"-). 06a<ie, ej(HO 

OTitpi-iTO cbflEflcTBHe iia pyecnai'a AHHJioManHfl bt. nojiaa 
na KHflai. Baienfiepra me npludiaBHKa HejiOBoacTBO b'l 
eBpoiieflCFtHT'B nojinTH'iecKH itpsiroBe a chjiho aeroay- 
eaHHe ML-Mfity frbJirapcitHrfc jiH6epajJn. FFpoiee, bt. iiine- 
peca Ha pyccKoru iipoanTe.iCTBO Gtiiie. fla yB-fcpH 11 
i',ihht'I: it flpyrHT'B, it to e qyjKAO bt. HHm^iiaTHBata Hfl 
BaTenGepra. Bt. caMaa [-pa3rapi, 11a SopGara, bt> otto- 
bodt. Ha t'AHa 'rejitTpaMMa aa JI,aiiKOBa, rewepajit Ilrua- 
THeB'l. — TOraBatllHHfl pyCCKH MHHHCTp'h npT5ji.ct.AaT'ejib 

*) MaTBteB-L. cTp. &1 — S3 (catueio uoflTBtpflnBa TummesT., 

CTp, 372). 

'I Koch p. 41. 

[];ijpw.'IH>H,ll.'IIIUIJI lli> fl , I.J[l , H|M.']fl!Tli jlill^lTII. N]"'1VU"TFlBeHll Bt 

; i,-aM;i|p|i Ha aarjiBflcKHa nap.iaMeHTb bl I SKI r. np-fcue.ri. A. 

■miinii-L Bne H a (884| CeMIHOTC. HHflKJMHjIT. H.1 I'llptii. G I'i'll.'lll- 

nan KHnra. UHTniiarnifh't. mn-iiiirb ce HuMltpii mi CTp, 18u, 




oTBpima, ie PyccHfl Me hckii v> co mIsl-h m. iURTp/fem 

mi'il, piifujTii us IVi.ji'iipni! [] cawi 11 nceaae uphyrii 
asHBe, r.'iiiuojiyiiiMt', mm|ili;ri>Ki. h rHauuja" 1 ), Tobh Gtoa 
c,i.iiii ropHBBa noAHrpaBKa cb JiH6epaJlHr&, samoTO, 

C*WeTO TOBB uphMC, XllTpOBO, pycCKHH ftHIURWai 

iMVHTnin., arHTHpaiUC Haft VCbpAHO B'I> I10J13M Itii liil'lrn- 

r»'|n:i, kbto ofiiiKSJUiiiie el ejiHa KOJia ch aero tio i 
ntni: ni..iiii|ici!n rpaftose n jn.pjffciiK' p Umi aa in.iw- 

.MUIHHHT:!. ncBlill'l. TOBH. BT. n(pHU,HaJlHHH "praHT. II/K1 

'I'lwi-.u'iiHSi'HHbtii Bttcmmm, ot* ii7 Haft, ee c 
.ri..;ini .u'ltjiapamifl bi> nojiaa ii.i Ha-reHfiopra, kuhto 

in.pllllcl I'l, HCRaSSHOTD OTT. FIMIIOpilTOpii ;Ki'.];uiUt\ , 

6'bJirapcitHfl'rc. napojvb j;a ocraue Hi?ntiKO-ni j f>nM(> it hjji.'H- 
Ha cboji HaaM.."*) Hi* 1 kjhhA ee nojiyiasa bt> Co$ 
ttpyra eflHa orpmmajiHa rejierpaHHa on Piipi-;i .m 
pOBO, d iioai'0 ce aafiBHBa OTKpara, it PycCHfl 
cjitiBiio no;apa;;i KHflsa n CB-LptuBa n.fl: ^iMiieparc 
gkhhtt. KfifiiiHeTi. meaae, uj.oto frtJirapcKtifli 
jia cnaaw HepaspuBHHH en ehstsh e*b KHH3B h as 
xai.p.m yHjrliHt'Kiia ra n<i aii6nuiioai!in"i; arRTaTOpB, 
to T'tpcHiTb aa iiapyuiiRTt tobu irwaaeae" 1 ), 

Hi. cboh HHpKyJlflp'i. ao fl(in.in>ia'ni'i' ii.Hii ;irenn 
in. Ctxpafl r. I'npri. 3aflBflBame, He, „aKo itrn'iiini-Tirrl; fj 
yBl:pa\ _ ,Y, bi. aoopoBOJiHOcrbTa Ha p'BineHHHTa Ha kbj 
AjiciiCiiiuii'i-, fieaii aa noaoaHpan. bi, ra3n puuoTa i 
iiiurl; iiojii.Tp'KiiaHHH, bi.3hojkho e jia nooeAHATi 
rt3n ptmeHHfl no fijiaroi'ipHHTHo* 5 ). 3aTOBa n Fhj 
khkto 11 H<?rOBnn iiocjiaHHHK'b JIofiaHOB'b n r i. Baeaa, 
bhhjuh ibi apyniT't. iioc.iaHaauii, 'if t-b no p.nnn hhui 

HL> HHilfl.lH 3H pilUltHHt'TO H3 KH. BaTPHOVpra ,1a 1 

KniicTiiTyniiBTa, He, a ko toh 6h ce o6t.]ibajT1, KTbM'b i 
an i-'i.iilrn,, t6 ne 6h ro iioa'bpiKa.nit itHKora, 
in.'if.-i. BinvmVpn. BJifewn. BT. T03U ii.t,ti,, Pymin c i ih- 
aa t-Bofi fl-bjin> aa ro noa'bpHta, n>fi ieuto toh 



1) ) l ..|'|i.'i'iniH,ie!!iliin 

■i ii.i. i 55 — r>x. 

') Hopjiec i" 

.. L'n- IS 



l|.. 110, 



;iu,i. hs pefle if TiifiiHHaTii hh Ea;iKaini-rk Bt Bhph.1 
JIuoLinuii'].. pacnpaBHjra — h Eapoirb XaiUiep.n ■, 
fiiiiipii m:i bi.JiKaiiiir-t paCoTH, fip"feA<iB;uii. rfcBH flyiiB 

i aiU,HIiVi;ini lUHMiiiliillK'l. - 'If, UKO IfllHSbTI. He ytJ'fie, 

■ Bh.'inipnn me tmj,He bf, pAffferfe n;i ,miXH.'iHCTHTb, 
mcjiaBiiciHTl'. it peBOJiKmaoHHCTBli;* ■). 

I'Mpci, ("1,1'TiiRit.n. eflHHt iipoeint 3a HOTa, kOjBTO 

s npoiere Ha fleny ra r in k 11:1 I 'tin mo uc koto CT,6paHne, 

.a ee rJiaeyuart, HCKaSHflTa Ha KHHS8. Taaa KOJjJieit- 

uiin HOTa cjrBA'b iil.bon ii^rfeik'HiiH, nanpaBeHH OTT> 

pSflOBa, 6nJia naiicTHHa npueTa orb chjihtIs h 8p*- 

i n;i .I'liyTarin"]; ai. Cbhiuobi.. 1 ) 

.\]i",u,iy eBponefiCKHrfe cbhh h PyccHH bi. tobii upfe- 
» TtpoHsjiHsajis > Ami arpa ea B5*amiHa aaaajia. Pyc&ifl 
■ aa flaae iibJiHOMoui.nn Ha KHsaa h aocjrt Hey- 
aa in ii|)KKapa <n. cbohtb eoOCTBeaaii pwivh. L^b- 
ichckht-k r n'i,pjKaBH, iiiionaicii, c;& CM'B'rajiH, >!e ciuia- 
Pywiifl c Bb camaTa Maeca, uoraro KHuatrb npliA- 
uiHBa yM-lspt'HHH H :)ana;iHiiijiinia aneKetn b c* chh- 
i hi. CBOfl HTHepec'L m\ in nojvbpjK.vn. btj crpeMWKa 
i en vchjjh BJiacrbTa. 

BeflHi.Htb up'EBpaTa HaB'bpiueHi., pyccnaTa ,inii.'in- 
i noiicitBa orb KRH3H Jta cm rciue&th fluira iclwi, 

F. XllTpOBO, pyc'CKHH'I'T. .'IHHJIOMaTHIPCKH. aroHTHHl., 

pt.iiiai^mHH (painop'b bi. B.Tirp'bujHinii pafioTH 
Exjirapiia. ToB opHCATCTByBa 11a sacfeflamiflTa na 

JirapC[ill'l"G HHlIHCTepCIIH C'bH-fcTH H CH aaba l'.liliii.'l 

, Mr.n'inni ,u|;ci'Hi, CKOpo MiiHyBii. Ha cueHaia ncm.it- 

i Htejrfeamw.-iHH BT>npoct, KOfiTO nrpae raitaBa rojiaina 

i. pyccKO-OurajKiifH'rl; oinouitiiHa orb Ofiasn en<i- 

. Meway inifina ii XiiTpoiio ec iKi'uirari, wajiKH o6;ia- 

Ha hi'cih 'p;i:-iy.\]hTine, K06T0 CKopo ce Hp-feBpiana 

aHTaroHM3in>. 

C.Y.IH*!bP'feMeHHO HI, p.y.l(OB0JI,CTH0T0 Ha pycciiilTil 

1 Ibid. Op. 27. 

■) Il.ib. Op, 103 n 113. 

'I Tiiflmirli ii)iH<inii[i Ei;t (VLjinijicuiur hri.n p-jt'i.. II|j'I:hl*jtL OTL 
I, C. II, T L'.i.Jju.i. JSSS i. crp. 41. 



— aw - 

itciMTHua cTaifA.no ejmo kojiko npotrfefieEiHe. PeHepaji 
an fin pyccKii ma6T>, hjih, ho bIi]i>io, HtTOBnfln. iiaiajittinrb 
■eHepajn. 06pyiom., craaa hctmhck(ih BfltXHOBHTeffl. fl 
pyccitaTa uojiFmtKa-). Tcrna iiajiiiomiie aa Boernm-irE m\w 
AHn.ioMaTHrl; ce or>HCHflR;t ci> (paK'ra, ic c'b noBfltu?a 
Hiiero OTBOBo h;i XepqeroBHHCKHa m>iipocb, c-l cbftym 
■whhoto Ha pyccKBB naHcJiamiaM'i., cHn/i/im-MCTBO hrkod 
i ca ropemnrh aoiliicTBCiifiH enema na reHepaJia Cko 
6eJieBa, 3 } pyccKHT* bochhh eo ctrfeTaxA bi. najtBe'iepwei 
Ha enna nona BoBna 1 ). B>. TaimBa cjiyiaii nytfaTa bk 
y^Ti, BoeHHHT'fe. Ofia'ie, noBeie (jthojikot" scbKOMy apy 
VB, KHfl3b AjieKcaHAp'b e 6n.n'b aHTaiiaTiiMeii-b Ha pyc 

KHT-B BOeHHH, 'l"bfl KaTO TB, OlUe BOWK- oti. uill.HiMiiTH 

rfc, rjieji,axA iia EaTeaSepra, j<aTO iia eaimb iob-eki 



,) Knirh. p. 

'■<) Mi IT Lit eD 




81. 



\m. 



i (ofiHapojisan 



') Hi, AdKyMeHTHTt, 11,11, ■nilillMTH Jiyccl 

HhtnficoHi,) ce BBVKjia, ie pyccKaTii ah 

ro flBQWciiiie npoTHBL. aHt'Tcnfifi.-iTii in:yu;iuii 

> H'icHa. Hurt BMtUte iipiiMHini aa rhpname bt. HCTRHnooTbT* i 

(kOHOBHTti aiiKyMeHTH, m,pBO, sawoTO xopa, KaTO kti. liaTBMfiepr 

fi flllJll! BT. Te'ieHKETO Hil pafSoTHTTl, npK3HBBaTT. TEXHS' 
(I) A" 1'ojIOBlIHa. B'i 

rrp. 622i, BTopo, aainuTO cbofiaiemiT-B Tann> (pai(TH ri-mn tn-i, | 

pyccKiiii: flHtiJioHaTii, KaKTO ce bhjb m 

i 3aO'b.Tf.iKi[i(, rpi'TP, skiiuoto hub mane apaBo jia th cnrra* 

i TaKBBa, AOiiaTO he ce ,ia.'ie ini^ninv.nihip iia iiphthbhuto. Ejii 

, Cbo6oaho Cjiobo Cbjs aaneiaTruiii p;ijio naii'fapnx 

i CTaMOj'jTOBa, rjrfiTa nowrsflHHfln, BttHa HkoScoba aa 

a iinippa na iiifynauikiiMinJi i|k'H,i.t. h;iii H-Nifto uoaoSho 
JIkoocoht. iff. fi-Lpita bt. umirara cii, Orryn'b 
', te HkoScohl cL'iHHHBaJi'b. Ufiaie, rfcsu, kohi 
3 ex leJtH KHiiJ'ata Ha HkoCcohh, snmoTo rfe fin 3Hae.'iH, i 

i, UCB'BH'I. aOKyMBHTHrfe F1MS C-JHO roJI'liMO BCTallJieHHB QTTj flSQl 
L. rjJ'bTO TOfi ,T!'./lcTBllT(i.lllO CtlHHflBa, ii ne ce Kpne. [IT, CO* 

t AOKyneHTHT'b aaxaaniaTi. uo HaraTi hi., Hacriiu da yiaCTBt 

:i pyrfirLLTH [!l ll.T'.nr.iri [l| ]ri, Xe[iL|i'l Hli' , l."'>l , i> .l]![]ii;cliHe (101 

^ BiiarpajiT) Ept6cKoro upaiiHTB.iCTBn jjiobu emBI 
T>pyccKii naccnopTH, iii.)jiri<E.ivi!iua)iii ei, Cim|*iiI1i'hoto pjickd arenr 

1 XHTpOBU ■.1I1HH0 e OTBOpHJlTj nuiinHCKa BT> CoipHH. TjrflTI 

Ik aa BoatepTeyea bt. nojisa na m,:in^iinnii,in I 
i i|mi.-n, cc cT.ci6maBa He cauo nn. Ko\a ei 1'ojionHHa, 
i on, MaiB'Seea llHri cip.i, cavn >(e 'roll riplnriii'nii i.r.iim. 
i itoAitiffKfi n;i kitfi^li, 



"oto am, HaTpann Eupona sa paho mbcto, HoeTo aito 
i pycCKHH ua|iL, to Tp-fefJBaiJje Aa ce R&jifi none Ha 
IKOfi bpjjhkh i;n;.:i. 

rioA'!. BneqaTJitHHero Ha np'feeiiaTa Heciio,iyna no 
o.it>^Hii'!miH Hi.iipoi-i. 11 ii;i iiufiUHnaHne'in na efttfH"b hob'i. 
I lerepcfiypri., DTaomegHflTfl Ha Xhtjjobo 
K'bMi. HHfiaa cTaaarb ao cryaeHH. H oiue ao Tosa ioto- 
Ba-ra noflptwita, kohto eBponi'ilcuH'rfe areHTH flaaaxm na 
EaTUHfiepra, itapame mbhtp.thhb XmpoBo Aa en aartasa 
■bnpoca, bi. eAfin dhcmo ao PycceiicKHH pycCKH KOHfryjrt, 
i jiH nplsBpaTa m 6tme i?AHa tKpoena Hrpa Ha Ba- 
iSepra c-b Ahctphh bt. kohto B'bB.i'f!Kox* Pycciw?*) 

') JIowyMeHTH naT> Taflwua apxiiwi m pyccKoro npaBHTe.i-. 

no. cTp. 04— lia. r, Tojiobhht. aafrbjrbSBB. na ctp. 175—176 noat 

rtpTaTa, le tosh ipairrc. e jilikjibbi,, 'ie ikmoAuh IJHh Xin'ponn He 

MoMejii. jii. mime, .iiii^iiro rona iTponiifiip-b'iH.io na oCihoto nero- 

J nOBefleHHe B^ up'bnpaTa 11 ie, CTkiOBaTejiHO, TOBa Gb.io „eAHa 

1 HKoOcoHa". Kato ocTaBHMemi crpaiia BbaiiEB 

1 noBbpKHOi-rHiicTh h« TaKoBa ejiHO HaHUHO aaKViioqeriBe, mifl we 

aafl&rfewHB'L, ie r. 1'ojroBita-b aaGp a;rb MHoro Hecno.iyuiHBO cbdh 

dpturbpi. T p I! 1 j 11 a h a o n 3 /1 11 a a I! H e 1 o H il H k 6 c 

21 AnpHJiBd I MH1 r. e Ohjit. jrfeno »a awMpiitiiHiiui arcHTb si. C 
(piui, ficiitnxy .n.'[.iri. icofh-n i:e TafiHo proBopiun, ct, KaTeaGepra (crp. 
7. 'i 1 X h t p n b o yttiujii, t a a 11 11 h t p 11 r a h, ai(o fl-Bfl' 
..'i, bi. nn.'iaa mi LinTeiifiepi'Li. TOBa ro npaB&jn, no „itiiTero- 
pii'rec.KdTii np1sAii[i<':<HM<: na"i. HerepOypn,* lib on.. Apyra eTpii.nn Xiit- 
poBO yca'fcjn, jn npiiB'i.patv .-iis5.'pa..iiri-l; na cboh crpana 11 art 

CTpHHH tjlllll K-bpBiiHO eu.TLCKUaHIII! MIV.KA) pyCCIiHT-k mflllUBpH — 

ihhthjiuii na BaraHoepra 11 6T..irapciiiia'Hapo,ii., KoeTO Ghjiq 
n * .1 1. t h Hii If y b e h Jl y .1 e p o - B a t e h 6 e p r b b b gnaul. 
[lo noBoat Ha TOBa MaTB - beBb Boe.B&Tflfla ea.u i*b jinpHiecicu aa™- 
paMfi-L na XHTpiiBo, .iKicjiyi'iiT-fe na koi'uto ouie ao cent ne ex oirh- 

HeiiH QO flOCTOBHCTBUTO HHI'l." (cTp. S>. I'l3llti(l(G, OTt UHCaHOTD Hll 

MaTB. iia.iuaa, 'ie na Hero ram Xnrpono e ])a^itpiimi.n 1. a;i ('i".uirk 

(lofloap'lwitu iijiftab upiiBpara. TT,li hjim wiaiiT., (}niin-i,Ti. ri. Ihiml- 

■ 1, AOKynteHTii, KoflTd Tp'B6flame aa floi;aw;e T-fexnaTa ipaJl- 

1, flOflfle .111 lU.U.MVFi-t. 1 . Iiailllillill. Til\H:iT 

OeBiiH'ii Toba, 1: fojioBiiirL iiafl majjuofiH : 

* HK06cOHOBHTt ,ioi;y.H' 






'MiTaTB.iHrB ctt Tifl nairp irb- 
Hflaa h XiiTpoBO bt. Pycce e B30- 

• • aocr.trin.n, 11.fi in-.i.c.'iiii.'iiiii'i 
;t,mi. EareHHfl Jlsosa (PyccKifl 



-208- 



M r. Xhtpobo te aae-bpsHBa aa cneqejiH 3ary6eHoro, m>, 
aa HeroBo 3JiomacTHe, flpyrHMy urjxujk qecrbTa #a ot- 
m'lcth Ha BaTeH6epra. 



C'rpaiiHHKx) n.Tb KimraTa „PyMc;iHflcKifi HepeBopon*), Ha KoroTO, hjih 
iiaKb 'ip'hBi, mopa p&ica, ro.ioRHin> np'BBO'/KAa u r b;ni ci^eHH no ILlOB- 
ahbckhh np'i;BpaTi>, cauho h ri> nponoB'h;uiHK'i» Koxa h Haft cera* 
ci» A. Jlfo;icKaHOBa, icoi'Ito ut>pbh e c'Lopajn> bchhkh AOKyMeHTtf 
H3'i» amviHAcKHTB chuh 'KHHru no iip'BBpara h c6npKaTa Ha Koro- 
to 6e3E, ,n.a noueHyrta, KaKTO Hero, Ttfl h flpyrnrfe cboh inyBAiiiecTBe- 
iihuh, iicickiio up'BiuicBa r. Tciobhul. TaicoBa HefleJiHKaTHO noBeAe- 
hhc XBi>p:iH iroAo»piiTo:ina rfeHKa Bbpxy u/IuiaTa KHHra, HaMajiHBa 
Miioro nefliioTo aoctohhctbo, kocto h ues'L TOBa ne e tojtbmo, n>ft 
Kaxo BL U'BJiaxa xauH Kimra JimicBa BCBKaKBa p&KOBOAflin.a HAen. 



/HftrEuuiit'iHiifiT'i 



TjiaBa ce^Ma 

MapyeaHbexo Ha rexepajiHTt 

HCe.rb3HU']Rnfii"i> Btnpoci. npii paaHitrti fvwiraprKu MHfiHcTepcTha. 
— noasKOBi. u rmicSepn.. — XanHfaeHOBi h noncep Bait) pure. — 
Jlnmifini Cbhiuobt. — CoipHJi n 3HaqennPT0 11 an Pyvciw, — Bci'JKn- 
BUHHeTd na (Jotnuiena h KayjiGnpea bt, Bi>Jir!ipnn u T-bsiiurt hor- 
Eiiru. — KHiisi.Tt u reHMpa.iHTl!. — UapoaTii iRv.uay miihiictphtIs 

lit. lice;. HaTilpll F! IV II i.'| >. I. II I Til. — OlIIITbUIHIII'TO HH KHJIHa BT. t'yCCHH 

ii etrwiKMr*. kohtu mj ppaawirb reHepaJiurfe. — X.ia.iHHflTT. npMewi,, 
koDto Hairtpum. rimiaa ui PyccHH. — 3aroBopa us 30 Awryer 1 !.. — 
I Ijjn-ri .■; .,iii-i-i!. Ha HiifiBBa hi, Cotpan. — HerriBiiflTT. y.'miMaTynT.. 

riOMllpClllllTn M.'.K ri KIIH3H II Jln6ep.1J]HT'B H R'l,:ii.TlllliiI)llH;iMlll'in III! 

iiONi'nni.i;i:.ii.i. ■ I |.. njiiu:iniiliri, iij)in'i;rii ua reHepajHT* aa no- 
t f.i :: jpim. — Cjiaflara Ha reaepajmti bt, Pj t cchh. 



OcB"UH'l, IliJ.lHTK'lCCKMT'fe B'hllpOCH, KOHTO lip'EflH- 

BBBKBax^ rnivfc'JKBainiH Ment/iy nHH3a, no.iHTH'ieCKHrti 
nnpTiiH h pyccKaTa ;(iiajioMatui)i, wMatue h mkoio aaTe- 
paaJiHH B-bnpocH, kohto iiiut iroBe'ie [i]>*uiii3BiiK0axA. a 
v ii.n;iix,Ti rfexHara BpaiK/ia. Hiua, HanpHM'fep'b, eflUHi. 
■M-e.i ih.iHifiem, mnpoc kohto MesKjiy et-irapCKHrt napTHH 
n pyccKBTb aHDjioMaTH lirpa ea.ua pojia, iron,o(iHa Ha 
Ta3n, kohto nrpae IJapHrpan,% MeatAy eBponeJicKHTB 
AipiKaBH. JKeji'fiaHH'iHiiflrt Bi>npocb e np-feflMera, kohto 
paaffBJiH itOHCfpua rnpiiT'l; on. pyccerfc, Ha kohto t* 
Ot.x.y, naS-Hanp'Bffi. rwrfeMH upHB'bpnttHHHiiH, a tlS 
cadjo nocjiyjitti h :ir cunpBamieni mi Jiiifiepn.'iHTli— kh- 
paiii.'.incTi] ii pyccert. B'b flat jiyMH, Bi.npocLTb ce ct>« 

I'lull B'L CJlfjflybRUieTO. 1 lo EepjlHHCKMH [COHTpeCb, Eta- 

rapnn ce 3 a AJitiKaB a uie np'tiflii bcmmkh Apyrn Hteji-Bammu 
na nocTpoti jiMHMiira II,apii6po;i,'i, — Cocpua — Baitapeab, 
KOflTO 'ipt/iaame j(a CBtpace 3anaa.ua EBpona ci. IJa- 
pBTpaA'b. PyccHH, nan, no tohiio pycKHfirb reHepaaem. 
ma6 r [,, ce ojioTiiBtiuie na laan annus n np-fcjLnaraine 
Iiafi iianplvvb -V '-*■■ noci-pon jjiiHHUTa Pycce — Tt>phobo— 

\v. 



- 2\i - 

KHinitHT'h pafioTH 1 ). Fenepajrb Co6ojieB-b CTaHiR. MKHHCTpi 
im H/YvTp'I>nmHT'fj pa6oTH h nplsAcfcAaTejib Ha mhhhct. # 
ci.B'ljri., Kayji6apc r j» — iia BofiHaTa, TeoxapoBt (eAHH'b 
nopycceirb KyuoBJiaxi.) Ha npocBi;meHHeTO, HaqeBHH'b 
- fin (f)HiiniicnHrf>, FpeKOBi. — Ha npaBOCiRAneTo h B-kji- 

KOBHMb Ha B'bHKnJJIHHTB pa60TH H Bp'feMeHHO Ha 06- 

ihhtb crpaAH. 

FeHepajmrfc c r b upHCTuraHHeTO ch bt> EtajirapHH 
orpaAHJiH ce ei» bcmhkm 6jiara, kohto #aBa BJiacTFra: 
iiafi-naiip'BA'b t'Ij HanpaBHJiH CBOflTa MHHHCTepcKa 3anjia- 
ra no 24,000 i'o/iuiiiho, KoraTO G^JirapcKHrfe hmt> KOJijie- 
ih nojiyqaaarb caMo no 1 2,000. Ocbbhi> TOBa reHepajra- 
rh on ota'bjuijih no Apyrn 3000 JieBa np'BACTaBHTejiHH. 
Haoftiun pyceKiiT'B areHTH, bi>hl orb tbxhhtb AHHJiOMa- 
tiimockh miicchh, He aaftpaBHJin h cBOHTa co6cTBeHa qo- 

B'hlllKa MIICCHH Ha BCMHTa. T'bfi, XuTpOBO HCTerJIflJTB H3T> 

fvbJirapeKara napoAna ftaHKa 75,000 JieBa, kohto h ao 

AHOlllOH'b ACHb HO BHOCb-Tb, a pVCCKOTO IipaBHTejICTBO 

co oncaaajio ,\i\ rii npiiaiiae. -) Oko,io reHepajiHrfe npHCTHi- 
HiKJin a paaiui rbxmi poAHium Aa ce nen^n, h rt Ha 
(VivirapcKOTO o.rbnuo. T'bfi, Kay.ifiapcb AOBe.Tb poAHHHa- 
Ta ita ncona on, hbkoiI nHttuiHep-b lIIy.iepT>, koAto e 
Tpbfnuuo Aa nrpac rarhMa po.ifl oko.io CTpoeHHeTO Ha 
HCCThaiumnrb. lllvpura iia Kay.iCmpea, IITrerjiOBT>, HaeA- 
iio ci> HlUvOfi Mo.iManoB'b. KopocnoHAenTb iia B. BpeMH 
noMBarb Aa naAaaarb b. InunaNK :*a kocto nojiymjiH ct> 
pacnncKa. naMbpona nocjrfc bi> KtmacaTa Ha MiiHHCTep- 
koto iia B^Tpfcnnmrb patiom 80,000 .lOBa ott> TaflHOfl 
4*on:vb. *) Wo Kbono Oo6o.ioBb nonyqn.Tb ott> caiiHfl 
Kiiaab tfO,iHH\ oTb kohto MoiKO.ib ,ia onpaRAae eaMO 30,000. 
II Ha bomo oafitatoaxMO, mo roiupa/uirfc ce hbux;& 

Ob ijMp.VU.lHn HHOTpVKUi'.H OTb OfipyqORa. F.iaBllftTa TOM- 

u*a otam nooKojwiiu^Ta H:-.npa*a na JKO.T^Hauara Pyc- 
oo t\>4 v '«*- IVt;r;\i.-,HT^ o o:..:5bpnii-KHO YBjrfcKJH BTb 

TO .* i» . V. ■•» ^ : v V V % KO s\ 1 ^ W KV VK P. K K '. V H ;1 C V V' .1U0 TO. 3a H6* 



t "'■'<■ . * 



.:• .. ,k.^ 



rl. apuKBHEfMu h aniTHpajiH m Bebi.wek n uo- 

.nviinrt; na r&XHMTE nJIHHOEe ICpJ&rOse n;i|'ina.ni re- 

lajwrfe xce.iih.mue dojiom. Kiifi.riTi, 6iun. Ha CTpa- 

i h;i rt'HepiiJinrb. Ton :ianBHBajn. Ha Ci'L;iiaperi;-iiH- 

ICTplf, '10 HOCTpOfiltaTfl Hil HCfJ!'tiHHTI!l,aT;l it Beta mi. 
WKOTO [Jp8.BHTejICTRO H He OT.JinipCKRT'E MHHIIf I |'U C'.Y, 

■HB-fla /tajii&n. itljiiioto ch ci.;VE&CTBHe na reitepa- 
,% me iriiT.ri. irfeKOfiKo UKJunroua noBeie, KaBBajtt. 

fi'in'.-pr-h.. ri-fana iiiiini., crura ct tgbs $a ce i;yim 
iKoSCTBiieTo na B'i..irnpnji". ') EaTenfiepn, 6'bme djtbh- 
. bt, ps,ut.il; ii;i reiiepajrarfc, kohto ii.Ma.in iioBeie 
tCTb Haiti. Hero, OTKOJIHOTU TOB iia H ri. CBOBTi) tbjio- 
ihtimh. Koraro itanabrb He e.iymauie reiiepajmrB, 
tor nojiyiaBame Hafi-oeTpH uLwpaiuin bst. IleTepcGypn.. 
Ivimi'i. Aewi. ee paaneiiiiajn. uh MHHHCTepcKHfl trbffftrfc 
Btnpoca 3a HtL'.it,nni]i[aTa Pycce Codpiifl. Eawrb or..ira- 
piim. MUHiieTj/i. aafil.Tlisajii , qe, tlA Kara xaaa stes'is- 
imua me iionnii iir iii.innn Hii I'yic BapneHCKara Xiip- 
uiOBa H;e;il;aiini[a, a upaaincicTBoTd nam jW bft nyuH 
Tii n& ee ii.n'>i'.rH.e, ra3H cu.eKynan,nfl me 0.n,ne fijiaropa- 
syHiio ;ja ce Typii he, oifnimiajiniui n;iain.. ie Codpiui me 
ee ckoijhh e-b PaxoBo hjih ci. flpyea h'bkoh TCHta na 
JlynaBa, a lie ct> Pycce. Toaa me fi;&jie cairo (fiiiKmwjHO. 
Omc- Ha flpyniH aeHh KHH3bTT, nojiyqana easa Te-ierpamia 
iiaii|i;iEU otl Kaf.HHeTa na naps, r/ffeTO My ce aa 3aBM- 
Ba, l ir rtu'i 11 HerOBHTt 6r,Jirape mhiiultjim np'fefl.aBaT'L 
pyccKHT'B HHTepecn, rbii ita*ro ;iiiuinn-a Ooipim— Phxobo 
U\e 6mp,e nojie3Ha Htifl r.ianiici h;i aitrrjjiiftii.iiT'h, a He Ha 
pyeeerh. ,; ) 

Mhh bow BiuliXMe, ne itoHcepBaTopinl: hmux.y. 

EBOfl Co6CTBeHT> CI! H.lFTKil Tl. 110 UOCTpWIBaHlieTO Ha we- 

jitaiumHT-E, na wjio na kuBto cToaxA Xa/iHtneHOBT, Cb 
HHMCHHepnua en 1'iofto. A OTb flpyra crpnHa, MHBHCTep- 
cboto na o6ihmtb erpaan ee inni'linua/m rn, p.YiHTjtb Ha t±- 
xem, 'lejiOB'BK'b — B'i.jikobh'Vi.. PeiiepajiHrli iiaiiiira.in 
Taflno in. Pyc.cn n aa joIUe KHH3b XhjIkob-k, HHWHHepHHT., 
kohto 6n:n. no pa ho na eviyxtfia y (pHpwaTa rio.nii:(aii. 



') lltid. fil- 
' J [bid. 7.'. 



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■ 






n rmicGepn., 11 KurnTu I'cuciia.'mrl; i-Mlnnviii ;ia iiailpsi- 

BHT'l. THfyJlflpGHTi UIIIIIH'Tpl. IKl uGiUHTB tl'paj,H. Bt TO- 
Ba ppfexe CuGojieui. Hawfepnvii. eAHii'L uptfljion. aa «a- 
rOHH BuiKOBHHa aai. itafiHHeTa. Tuft ce ffbano-irayBturj 
on. Tona, ie B'bJiKouH'ti., no at. ynpaBjieHaeTO na koiotc 
M HaaapaJlH Tejieqwiparl; u nomirrfe, He AOCTaBHJii 
CBtit'opiiMeHHO ejiaa TejierpaMiua Ha GiGojieBn, nocJrSff? 
HHflTL ro aanafliTAJii, no naS rpyG's. Hainm, n B'b.'iito- 
hii'ii, ic iijriinyjtn.il. jia fl.i.ne ocTaHna'i'a ch. OoGoJieBTi tobo 
HHeHHO n TLpceme. Tofl B3e npHBp'kMcmin ynpaBJieHBeTC 
iia ttGmeiTBL'HHiiT'E crpaflH fla ro npiijiuAe cnopo aa Xhjiko- 
Ba, kohto G'feine Bene na iiXTbaa BtJirapHa. 3a MiinncTpi. ua 

B'l.HKaU.lHHT'fi paGOTH H HClIOBl)iU)HHfiTa UTaH.T; C'lOIIJIOBl, 

H'i. bi. TOBa Bp-BMe ce DTSopa irtpBaxa ceccHH aa njw. 

lyroToti/MtyHCKOCLSpanHe. 0'bpeaKnnouni]HH3GapaTeJiein. 

8SrKOB*t, H8pa60T6Bl Oil. KOHCepBaTOpaTt HOA'L. BAT.XHOBC 

HueTO aa n1ii;ciH cu Ce6acTHJiiii[,Ti.MHa JitnoocTb, Oiibujf 
'iiii[h[!iiiiki. nai. TafinaTa iminnna no HanOJieOHa III n 
(■■i.yiarnmit'i, in, AeKeMBpHficKH np'bBparb, ci, BoeHHffrt 
OpraHHaapaHHe Ha HtaHaapEHT-fe, kohto i-tjmi,t.\,i, flpatvi 
hh, ynpaBJiauann orb pyccKH o(pan,epn h, nail ceTat 
iia noMOiab'ra aa Ta"miT8 nojniTHiecKn ikp.'iiiumh. opra- 
HHBHpaaa oi'i. niiiiofi oipimep'i. bi. oTCTapwa. jie KoJltfUfl 
iniAnpiiT'b i'Tiui,Y,x,T l bt> nqjiaa Ha KOHcepBaToparfe. 'IV 
[OHcepBaTopcKO ci>6paime, HaSpaao orb nHipujicKa- 

i"ii aparynn no eaao CTeaenue na oGcTOHTCicTitaTu, cc 
ufuHBii iipo'iiiBL renepajiHTli h aaa arm* cTattiK upniH* 

ia 3a t'EXhoto H3ri)HBaHne aaa. Bbnrajam. KoacepBaTO- 
pHTt, bt. fliincTBHHra cm npoTHBTi reiiepajwrk, 3anuiT"- 
ua\,y, nf nlatoa biicokb h oTBJi'feaeHM aaiaJia iia cBofin- 
flars b HesaBHcaMOCTbTa na BMrapun. Bop6aTa frteffi 
MHoro no npoaaaieciia. Kuw-e-pHaTopm'Tj Tpii68aiae 88 $j 
fiopwiT'L, aa fla aanaatfRT'i. coGctbciihht'l cu .KTuBiiiua n 

liaCT.iaHllT'B CH HHTepeCH. (>H'iiH'l, ['jTBTO l'C'EU'p;i. jHT'fc V.f 

oraatiflx* m. t^xt. ci. e^aa (peji/npefie-ncKa rpyGocrb h 
cKax 1 ?!. aa rn aiiaHRTi. aa Btimo, hi. rfe oate an- 
XBi.p.njixff» (viinii. cji'H;t'b ,'ipyi'H nab icaCHHexa: AHecb hc- 
KBipaHxa BbjiiaiBina, yTpt me a,oRAe pejja Ha Ctohjio- 
Ba— icoeru n ctaajR - bi. apyrn aenb 1 l"a i i' iBa^a ht. H. 

OcB'Llll, TOBa pyCCKHTE rCHOpa.'lil OTHCMaX* 1131, p*.H't- 
T'l. I1U KOHCepBaTOpIITii BCJI'IKHTB AOXOAafl Iip'1'..lllpllfllllll 



tr H3Bb]iiiTnnn. eaUH rli „i[o eronaHCKn Ha'itim..* ripn 
isb ycjioBHfl rc>pBaTa EeeeaH Ha aparyHCKOTO ctfipaBHC, 
15 HoeuBpafi 1882 v., naae Ha renepsjurrfe iia paa- 
_ iRTb, 'ie o.SpaniieTo Hctta fla aaae jiHHHjmi CoifwH — 
ihuiobt, (ortoiiTLi'iPjiHiia iipooitri. liaM'bcro CoipHn - Pyc- 
it:iy<i;iBMHm; He tamo nnifJiKMiHTOJiiio Ha pyccKiin 
renepajib Ct|' ie, KaitTo 6'Eine plana/ii. PeHjranreffi n 
KaKTO HcitaxffL I'fiiL'pajiHTli, a Ha bch'iiih. kohto 6ii noa- 
EKajiH. Bropo: HapoflHOTo cT.GpaHHe naeTOHmimo noncna, 
moTo mmh. na oOtmi'iU crpaflu ,iu ce jiajie H!l 'I'Ljirn- 
pnii'i-- llii'ieBii'ia. Hi. TL.fi kbto Xhjikobi, &Eine Beie ao- 
urbJii., to rcaepajiHT r B rn jiaaox*, naxo cbBETHHieb ua 
fhnnHH'ia h My HaaHatiiix* 3anjiaTa 24000 Jieaa — flBa 
PATH no roji-biia orb Taaa na cawafl My mecjrb Minnu'Tpi.. 
Cji^atj ;ia LBiipHinicro na cbGpaimeTO reHepa-iHTfe, 
kohto n"cpl;mi[,Y,x,T, mitasa HOoqauBsma ounosHtiHH ott. 
Hafipairarfe, ci> I'oGcTueiTHaTa hmt> oohoiiu>, KOHcepaaTOpn, 
P'blumxa jia ncxBi.j^HTb a ocTami.iHTii HOHcepBaTOpii 
MHiincTpH H3i. n;iOnnt'Ta. C.TBa'i' BtJiKOBn'ib eera noSfle 
pn i;i h:i OTonjioHa. riix'a1;;MiHTi., bi. KaiecTBOto ea Ha 
h. iia H^noBhAaHHiira, no HCuaiiHHTa mi t>K3apxHflTa m 
cnHOflu, saTOiaBa 3a 6 Mliceiia unTponoaHTa MHJieTiiH B'b 
Phjickiih M'i.HacTii|i'i., samoTO Toft ocraBajn, npfeat boh- 
iimth nacTBoro en Ha rypcttHfl iipOH3Bojn,, Tyit'b wa Co- 
CojieBa ct 1 iip-fcacrnBH.Tb r.nyiaa jia pa3iirpaBn pOJlHTa Ha 
aaiUHTHiucb hb npa BoiMiaBHeTo. Tofl ncnpaiqa /KanaapH, 
kohtu AOKapBar'b MHJit'THfl ofipaTHO h ripliaeTaEH Ma 
ititnaa a.iH'|in,TrHBa: hjih jia MpHeme 0TCTaBK;na iiy hjih 
aa nanimi CronjioBa 1 ), Knfrta npnejn. btopoto n Ctoii- 
iniii. oot^bh KaGiiHera. lib n. CTOHJloea Baeano Ha 19 
MapT!. iss:-ir. in. i-Mmvuih Ha njKiTei'Ti., nasan. ea <»:• 
TaBicaTa h apyrnTfe 6i.;irape HiiHUCTpn. Tfc up-fcacTaBn.in 
iipa TOBa Ha KiiH3a i?avih*l sieMyapi., rat.ro My uiiHCBaJM 
ona'.-HocTbTa orb ynpaBJieHtieTo iia reuepajiHTB. 06aie, 
KHHSbTi. a-bpiKa.Tb, nairro ay e 6h.io aaiioB-taaao on. 
Hi nt poypn., cTpau;n'a iia reiiepa.niTb, a caHiia Mt-My- 

') Mam. 17G — 177. [Ma.iaiyinnnr'. n->i!ea«Hire hh Mii.neTmi 

ffb TJ'fM-li" ll't-l- i' [||.|. .1: -T;i|:.--H-. (rri MaiB, ,1.1 [1'UBHTT,, TT.A KaTll 

£ r pseHyBaAm ci uo.io*eHuero ch. nsuBa ce bt. pvccwam 
B|in kcht'i wTaoa ao upaB*. 






ajvL njrfeflaM n;i Hcjuifloea') n as rriirpa.'iini: Bout 
Ho Ktcao, to. 1886 i*. ro nano'ia-raxA hi, Pycotax Ciun- 
{Who, Kun3i>Th cerOTB'bme jia n.ne bi, Pyccim Ha KOpo- 
BaqHHTa h Hcitaiue jui wiua irLJinaTa iioflp'bJKita na rei 
pajiviTB. lib rjiyiiamiTli otct/mikh aa KHnaa hc caiio 
iiOflKynyBaxiTv reHepajiHTti, m, rfc, i^nu BiiiKflaiai 863 
eaTa OTCTjT.n i i» bo en,, craBax.Ti ome no 6e30HJiuBH n i 

jfOHtHTOJIHH. T1i HG CM-ftl'aXA 33 I1HIUU II CaMHH KHH3L 

OtKpHTO aaflHHBajiH na Bcfcitifyi/ft, ne „H - EM( , na Cftopo e 
en BacMe n.TvTH k'lmt. JJa pMmaflTb" . renepajiHTli ce aai 
Sbkoukxa cl nooyuiiin opAjiHfl, Karo EypaoBt, To 
xapoRi. n n[\ C if,m,e?,\vi.iWHfio rfe en TiponpaBHx-Ti s\/h: 
Meatfly JikGcpajinTfe. Ha OTnaannc m, Pyccaa Co6o;iei 
BBHyBajrt npliai, Ti.piiuuo, hvbto JiuOopa.'mnMj i-e <:■ en 
Tajit 3a Hafi-cnJlCHTi, Haci.pfliaBa^Ti jmSepa/nnl;, nfr 
maBajrb hut, BT,3CTaH0BHBaHBeT0 na KOHCTiiryuHJiTa 

6HJI1, HCllpOUalKAaH'J. C'b pajl,OCTHH BHKOBC: fla JHHB'I 

KOHCTHTynnara, na wiiB-fee PyccHft! 

.UparyncitoTO cbSpaime ncnpaTHJio nejierauaa e 
MocitBa Ha KOpoeannaTa nrjA-b BOflHTe.icTBOTO Ha mht 
CiiHeoHa. Hi) itaKBO 6am yAnajieimeTU na KHSSa 
txpHUHajraaTa ftcjieramm, itoraTO rl; vsim-in, 'ie B r i, Mi 
crbs npHe'rnrBAJia sums apyt'a aejieranHB, .'in6epnjiuiraT 
Bo/uma on. CyKHapOBa, coipiiftcitH kmbt'l, Ha3HiiHfii'i, oi 
reiirpa.iiiT'fi ii npLiinp^iajia mi, eauHfl Cofioaepb kohi 
jmiho c*mo iipHCTiii'HiTijn, b^ MocKBa. 8 ) CoSojieB* y< 
rrk:n> c^meBp'BHeHHO aa KOMnposieTapa iiaiiL.iini i;hh: 
btj ohht'b na pap/i, itaTo np'tflCTaBturb nero 3a maBen 
BHHOBHuu'b no HcenoJiyitaTa B r b Hfeji'kaHi-i'iiJHH Bi,up< 
KnH3bTi. 6aJTE npnoT'b micro xjiaflHO a He uii.ti, iimc 
HeHT. B r b neTep6ypn,, 3a KjUftliTO iiunepaTopa aaMHHAJ] 
c-TBfli, ltopomiiiuiira en. Toft iianyma, kojikoto e bTjI 

M03KHO HO-CKOpO, PyCCHFI.H Tp'l.l 'Bll . 8 I Vl,.i||','i |i|]JT, U'b B'b 1' 

uuib ysHaaa „yj»iBHTe;i. pa6oTn", khkto cenapnsuBi'i Koxrt 
Toft y;maua mhoto lyjuw H-fciua, kohtg B-bpme.iH bi oi 
cjrtctbiii'TO mv HeroBuTB MiiHiicT[jn. CoGojieB'b nai(apax 



] TilfiHBT'b rTflH'll 



. Crp, 71 - 



*) 3a TB3J! Bi-opii Aejtet'iiuun CoGoJieab 
liiei'iii'fc netrbpoHTHiiTit cysta 0(W,[)00 men. (Koc 



-217- 

Kiii ii [xiiifH Cbs-fen. fla lipiin()3H:ie, <re Bi.-'irapHH una 
i najiHoea jipba o-KynaunoHeirb atJiPb Ha PyccHH, koh- 
» me Hi'tuiama bt> 12 '/, roflHan no 2 mhji. eater oa- 
BypuriBi. nTjn.T(H,R.ji-i i bcwikstb HaJBTHH Ay*ia ho 
U'apeKOTQ KaanaiefleTBO 15 mmji. Jiesa h fopsaxi. pa 
. BB&ce bi. IleTepOypcKaTa pycctta 6am*a Ha ci.xpaHe- 
; CoBojichi. itnuneHTpupaJii. okojio CtxpiiF no.itmniia- 
SwirapCKH BoficKM nofli. np^a-aon ob naaeBpi^ \v\-.- 
oin,e, ie HHKOfl (hiJirapCKH o4>HH.epsiin> He woate 
ejae KOMaHjia'ia na eAHa poTa aaace, aoioito He 
• in ;ial; i'o,'i,iiiiii bt. pyccKara bohckb. 

B'i» MoeKBa pyceKHrfe renepajiH nn.iiyin.riH BHCoiafi- 
! yfloOp'BHHe — iokto icaaaa r. TaTiimeEb 1 ) — 3a cbo- 

HTE /VfcflCTBHH M lHi HaHlil'.lli.'JH, He I' HaCT,Ti.l III.'ll. HC'IC 
UfiMt'HTil RB OiniTUTI. pBflHKajIHOTO Cp-feflCTBO: ':B;iJlHHHeTO 

Ha KHRaa. IlaB'l'.CTHe'io, ie imnabTi., ioto paafinpajn., ie 

BT.OpT;i(H CBOHT3 rO.J'liMa II HOIipiX'TMTf.'ina HOKOpHOCTL 

na n.'i!.'ji;i.nri U, nojiyiHjn. Haft-ocKT.p6nTt*jieH , b arppoiirt. 
bt> MocHBa, TbpcB^T. ciyiafi na ce cnopa3yM - te n, 
JiH6epa^Hi"E, Haitapajn. reHepajinrfe Ra npn&i.paaT'b. 
Ehjio nar.iaeeHO up. CTaHe CBajiHiiaeTO Ha 30 Ab- 
rycrL (18S3), na hmchhhm ;ieHb na KHHsa, cjitjai. none- 
6ena bl jiarepa, in, AaaMara pyccKH oipwtepn No.'ian- 
kob-j, ii .'IccoHOH ce 0Tna3aJin as yHacTByBan. Bt Toea 
BoenHO npoiiyHuiiaMeHTOH naAaJ.4 bcii'ibo na miH3a. Iloc- 
jrfcAHnH'n., naM'lii-ro m 6x<.ii,e caaJiei-rb na 30 ABrycn., 
OnnTfun. ce cwb Aa cbbjih MnHHrrpHTfi. Ht. tvh'i, njten- 
no CofitwieBT. h Kayji6epcT. 3anBiuiH na KHH3a, <je „t1s 

MHOI'O CTiJaejlflBRTb, I'ATjTO HC MOrAT'b A" HCHTiAHHTTj Jttlf- 

.'ihiihoto Ha lleroau CB-ETJlOCTh, AOJfaTO He rioJiyiATL 
aanoB-bji!. on iiMnepaiopa en"-). 

H.l Apyi'HH AtTib, 1 CeilTOMBpllfi, IlpHCTHra HOHHtfb 

— H3BT.HpeAHHH pycota TipaTCHHHK'i.. Tofi noaaBa na 
Kimait CJTBflyramHfi yjiTiutaTHMt, kbto 3arijiaiiinjn., ie 

'I Koch, 103 — 10i; ["(mobiist. 26*. 
'I MaTE-bes't. crp. 187. {CattaRvb <}>: 

MaTB. np^H'Wl'lilBil, HI. Toll IP IIOATBliJlJlNBa 

Ha40BK'ia (Tallinn!! lijih'ihhk ii np,), " 



BBHICBTeJIB). 






paanrb ana L>;um CTpana CHpara, wi. caiuhocti. 

TOJiKOBa MIIOI'O, Tbfi KflTO 1"B CilMI! Ojlfll'OUM.illX.Y, 

iiDH.-uii'n.TvT'i, mejiko 6yjiOTO in, i'T;vr. ,ini; en, neiaTSHH i 

j'i?rt:i;ir;i CvtapUtid, CellTeMBpnfi 1886 I". Tyin, paOOTiC 

hg e caito trb BWrfepeHBeTo nn reHepaJiHT*) 

UailHiiHV flB H3H r E[H«iTl. KOHCTBTyHHflTa HI, i'MHi-i,.[|,, 

b-l npofli.jiHtenne Ha aeceTb roawHH Ha 'n-'.n B8 I 
cTbTa in. Biutrapaa me ctoh "oaniri. pyecKH mhhhctpt. 
HaHCTHHa, T'li ex nM;t. in np*ha*b Biuet. h TamiBa .110,1 
•rawcKH rapaHn.nn". Hafl-Banp'Ba'h i"B 3mhhhh;i] i.,'u 1 
KCKajiH aa nocerHff.n. Ha HevaBHenuOLTbTa aa E'i.. 
rapilH, Kb HSB-BCTHd 0, '10 B'b PyCCHH ay*iaTa I 
BHCHMOCTb IIMa OCClfiHU TbJIKyBaHHe . B'b TOB8 nmuitj 

hho nojianiiri), TBTaperB. apMeHniirB 11 ap- ap. 
fin aa paci,-aiK,YiTi. noae'ie on, Hacb. ,npn bci 
CBoe ynajKOHiio in.M'h HaiaaoTO hi caMOCToaTeJiHOcraa 
hh EuirnpHH, renepaji'b Cofio.ieB'b npn3uaBMji , i» iieHaaew 

HOCTbTa caMO [I a eARHTB HpaBCTBt'HHH CBp't.SKH MeJK 

new ii Pyccan, hohto, KaKTo aaHBflea cam. reaep 

CoOo,ieB'fe, „npa rocnoacTBOTO tia HtO.'ianwipiioi'ThTa i 
BtwiHTHKaTa, MHoro Jiecwo MoatexA aaee cnikcaTb"', T. C 
dojiein. saTOBa aonrbjn, ao yfi'BJKaeHHe-ro, ie „tp*6Ba 
ce rhaaaflaiTTj lrbitojnto MaTepiiaaiin bt.3jih". ') 

TyKt reHepajit Co6ojieB't usiajn. bi, atftooa 
GBfatb h-bjti. nnaBt, kobto ce B yaocTOHjn. ct. bhcotA 
uioto yao6p'EBne" a ) Ha HiinepaTopa. MuTaTO-nirfe no 
Hwrb, 'ie CofiojieB-b nan-fefltTByBa npanoaHaBaHHero i 
oKyiiariHOHfni, auirb orb 2.5 m. ji. To.i CM'BTa^i. i 
icara Tasa cywia aa yiioip'tfin B'b Bi.irapHH aa TRRBl 
„npi\nnpHHTHfi, H-B.'ii.'ra Ha kohto fin fin.ia aa : ; 

pOflCTBeHBHTB CBpT>3KH Ha Pyt'CHfl B'b B Wll'apllfl." ITbplO 

CT. rt3H cpiiftCTBa ion cM'bTa.Tb aa ypean bi. B*bj]rapn 

pyCCXU 3M-CHCK» UHCtmiml/JHU, TVpCHH II0A1- I lOltpOBHTf. 

ctboto Ha racnoaapKara HMiteparpHTia; c*mo iitlt" 
aa ce aaBan, h.utii na ymtmeAumn. no pijcacu n.mnt, b 
fii.jirapcKHTli yiiijiHUta ii aa ce njinma aoni-JiHin'eat 

. :■„.,. |88ti IX etp. 7!5|, 
-i Tmnw : 



!i.l;rni mi /ii/rri;uin„, uifiimciiii Hit Uh.ttnpCKtl fAIJMWt. 

•opoTO nepo, noflHpi, kogto me ce xapnn ouynamioii- 
ipotifl'i.: „oatOM<iitH"i' " iioih./i.m-'iHiii' na Btbemxutta, 
Ho da .iii)iuiiu,iii;iihn, KaMaAama rta pf/eeKoStMapettama 
ihociiii., da ce daeamt npeMitu »a .inmi-pann/i»ii< « 
IHtt i-i.'unii-.iuiH m <:y.iii,hh dijxh, ;i CY.mo II 3a lip'hBOAH 
C'bJii-apcuH eaHKt Ha o6pa3HoBnTh pyccicn iiHcareJiH." 
i[i-ii:i'nli. rperfl iacTb oft cpoaaa (Soa HaSHaneaa 

■ iv ilium .,-(, r/fnriii)mi ml pil.tul'iHH meeA1b3H0-tiXIHHU 

i uupoxoilwi dpyncecmea, KOumo 6u ti.o.nce.nuii da pm~ 
mpiiHMimm, rwuni.ii, ihi.iicmoiiK m Ijh.i/upnii n t. h." ') 

Era KaKBa BJiaTHa npnju;a t* apoT'BrH£un> reHepaji'i. 

)J1CI3I. ll|)'l;.ll. HCaflHHJl B3Jpt Hd OtJirapCKJlTil MHT£>- 

•enuiui. ( '.'t -11,1.1, ksto pyceeTE frfex* Typajin pAi.a Ha 
irapcKaia BtHKanma nojiaTHKa, Th ce (caa'fiXA aa 
i¥i-n. p.¥.i;a na (Vi.. r irap<.'i;oTO wenii3HO-ii.Ti'nio 11 na- 
ixn.ino .I'li.'io na 6'b^rapcK0T0 eKOHOMHiectto paasH- 
»e, t* ce M*qex«i aa iiopyccH'n. GwirapcKora upocB-s- 
Jtge h [inR-ceTii'B ipteL eji.ua npoaaiKHa h CoraTa 
jefFflBpaHa npecca h jiHTeparypa, iiplsAT. kohto capo- 
rarfe 6Tjjirnpc[(Ei kbctiuiuh m r lsxs. na Mjn.KHiR.Ti>! TB 
i MpiiroTutixA eiiHa crpaiDHa CHJia, kohto aa BamETHsa 

•CXBaJlHRa 11 Haft-rp03HHT'fe II OTBpaTHTeJIBH T'BXHH 

PsinVrfe na E'uirapnn frfex;?. CBi.psaiiH n 
pajiin'h, ksto nliMaxff. ott. Tana cipaHa hhiho ga 
sin., iioHCKaxa. Aa cKonarb Hefiean mt,3 , lk'b h fla 
)aTflTb HeiiHOTO cipjme. H rasa ce Hapniame „H3- 
ieHne na caMocraiiTe.inocTLTa na Biuirapunl* H TOBa 

iH'la pyCCKO-6'bJll'apCKa B3ai!MHOCTL!" 

.Hi. reiiepajinrB hutbxjr. h Apyrn rapamiHn, name 

TaTHtWeB-L, OTT, '1HCT0 HOJIHTH'KiCKO CBOHCTBO, OC&- 

jcxBJieHHero Ha kohto 6k nocjiyiHHJio 3a HajieatflHa 

Uhh H'i, TOBa, ne EhMf.puH w, HUicriKbSi ciyiaCi He 

', omK.ioHtt aa iianp'BA'h oti. iuiTh, kohto h DoKa3Ba 

Ilpii CT.mecTHyBaiinoTO na i;a3iiuii i-l; rapim- 

iMHfln, Btnpoejj 3a .niriuin-l; i.-iijiiiarnfi it anTiiiiariiM 

13a CTaBa e^HHi. BTopocrbiieFTi. Biitrpoci, h He mo- 



j Tn-jicm.i.i.. 382 — 3S3. 



.1 J » 



— 222 — 

iicejrfe 6h Beqe Aa bjihho Ha xapaKTepa Ha pyccK0-6 r bJi- 
rapcKHTfc OTHonieHHfl." 1 ) 

TyKi> H'feMa HyjKAa Aa ce qeTe iieacAy peAOBerfc, 

3aiHOTO CaMHT'fe peAOBQ CiR. KpaCHOp'feHHBH. reHepajiHTfe 

HcnaxA Aa BtBeA^RTb TaKtB-b eAHHt peAt, npa koAto 

BOJIflTa Ha KHfl3a — KOHCTHTyiJHOHHHH OJIHUeTBOpHTeJIb 

h HcrrbJiHHTejib Ha HapoAHaTa bojih — „bt> HHKafn>B r b 
cjiynaft He me ce OTKjioHHBa orb bojibtb. Ha PyccHH." 
B r b AaAeHHH cjiyqafi 3a Hacb KHHSbrb e BaHceHT* 3a TOBa, 
3amoro Mp'fesij Hero PyccHH aacfera BOJiHTa Ha caMHH 

HapOAT>, Tfl CBT>p3Ba HerOBHT'fe pAU'fe, 3amOTO Hpfe3T> 
Hero CBTbp3Ba HaillHTfe C06CTBeHHH. 

H Ta3H HMeHHO e nojiHTHKaTa, kohto bt> Pyccna 
ce CHHTa 3a Haft-u-fejiecboGpasHa. H reHepajiHrfe C060- 
jieBi> h Kayji6apcb MHHyBarb 3a Hatf-AOCTO^HH nojra- 
thijh, samoro „Tfe, KaTO CTaH^xA 6i>JirapcKH mhhhctph", 
nnuie r. TaT., bhah ce. bt> noAHrpaBKa Ha e'bJiraperfe, 
„He np'fecTaBaxiR Aa CHHTarb ce6e ch, KaTO pyccKH A^p- 
HcaBiiH A'feflTejiH, BijpHH cjiyrn h noAaHHHUH Ha cboh n;apb a 2 ) 



') TarameB'i. 383. 
*] Ibid 379. 



TjiaBa ocMa 

CtefliiHeHHeTo h PyccMR 

! arHTamiri Bi. n<Ml3a Ka cteaiiHeHiiaTU. - — C'LeAttiienttelo 
*a OT't c;iM(ii"h 6'Wirape, H'b He yaaSpEiio o™ PycCBfl. — 
['viiiih esitKua hi, [|a|mrpa.Ti> KnmJiepeHUHii, hei ;m noBtpHe Hc- 
to'iho P)'mp.iiih pa TypitMH. — BTopara Unpnrpa;icwi itomjiepemwR. 
— Pyccwfl np-tajjara noeuHa-rsi oKynanafl Ha Ilcro'ma PyMejius. — 

|nriiiii|iiii;aiinin'l; Ha pyccnaTa flnnjioMiiuHn. — PycRKH Hae^HU ei 
ABl'ipilH UOAIiJEUKJUlT'l. L'[l1'JC'KD~[j'[:JiriipCKaTa Bofina. 
Htta ej[Ha crpaHtma na-b pycettaTa dojimthk& bt> 
jirapan, 6e3i lo/ipflea no cBoaxa noyimeJiHOCTb aa Hac-b, 
araperli, to e noBefleimeTo na PyecBfl aphsh cxe,mi- 
Tiii. to. KaHBO no Hte-iaTejiHo abinp Mojueiue fla hh;i 
aa PyccHH on. ciejuiHeHHeTO ? He G'tuie-Jiii to ejuia 
Kpa-iKa iti.jii, ocYuinecTEJieHneTo Ha nefiaaTa cb. Ore- 
(papCKa EhjirapiiH? Tona e ri.fl h H-femo noae-re: PyccHH 
eawa, cjrt^'i. ocBOSoatflemieTO, BOjcfeme arnTacHH bt> rasa 
i ■miu' , i.;il. H. (hnhwHiie, 6'bine ocHoaain. no BiiyineHHe- 

TO «a pycoKHS KOHCVJIli, CopOKHH'fc. CT.e^HHHCTKaTa 

ariiTaiiun, kohto ci.6opn Ajil'ko naiua, C'feiiie bjujxuo- 
aena ii BOflena on, caiiaTa pycctfa annjioMamiH. Jlaine 
th Mima bchiko npniriTBH^a aa efti-iHt np'EBparb, m>, 

PTO He JIOXOIHflaT'b H3BTJCTHH, K'dKBIl TliraBHUJHllTt pyC- 

ckh ci.Hl3hhhh Abctjmih, ii TepMannn, me nor.iejni^iTT. 
jioiiio na e^Mo uo;i,of>Ho pcBOJiioiraoHHo ^bhjkchhc ii npo- 
eitTa ce OTJtai'a, khto ce aaflOBOJifma PyccHH 3a cera aa 
Typn aa reuepa.n, ry6epn;rro[n. cboh upnB'i.pHteiiHHin, 
raBpamn, riaina. 

H'b cto ie fiea-b aeflHOTo no3Bojienne eamnrf; Cn,.'i- 
rape n3B'bpmHai">. ci.e.inneHiieTO, a khh3t. AjieHCanjipi. 
ce Typii Ha hcjio. Tyiei. iiitiaiiic flB'b Hlsma, kohto pyc- 
KaTa flarijioMauiifl in.' mohhmiip t vi yji;u6pii no HHKaKB'v. 
lia-mllt. C'tej(HIIBHIIl'T? IIOB,T.HTH,fi nonyjiflpHOCTBTa Ha 



KHHa'b [iareHflepra, kototo Pyccna 5'Uuie Bene oTimcajld 
on. cboh l.-aTiuioi-i. n ce KaH'Einc «a i'o CBaJiH. /Ipyro; 
CLt'AnneHHei'o fi'tuie H3Bi,piueno orb canarE 6ijirape, 

ROMTO, 110 TOill HaiHHT. CC HflM-feCHXiR 81. BJlHa JUlfio r;i , 

kohto Kauamiie HcKJiioiHTejjHo pyccKaxa ftwnji<jMan.HH. 
BTijirapeT* en noMacjiax*, 4e i"B MOrATb aa 6s.flA.Tfc 
caMticroHTCiHa CHjia Ha BaaKancKHH nojiyoripoB'b, 
hhuj.0 H-fewa no-onacHO 3a pyccwaTa nojiHTHwa na l>a; 
naiiHT'E, otkojikoto caMOAiiflmiCTbTa Ha 6a;ii(aiiu[iiiT 
jfbpHtaBH, Ano T'bsH ai.pHtaB« Beam.Hfb ch noaBOJlflBftl 
aa not'TAilBarb caMOCTOH're.iHO, npciTHB'L bojihi:i ua I'y> 
chji, to yTp r F, KoraTO Pyceiin aoHcua aa en nocjiyfltfl c 
tIixt,, 'i"b M0)Ke 6n me h OTKaJfiATb. Eto 3aiup 
toaamtcuMn mux u,t i!iUKuunnni> w]>n,6ea da ce caqmh, 
>i(onto m:i ce p/uinosa aa CMhtnxa ua coMama 

BijJirapiTH Tp"66Banie fla ihmvmh ikhctokl. 
ua fltp30CTbTa ch. H ero Pyccaa x.ioiia ua opa'i'ara n 
cyjiTaHa aa nae aa OKymipa, onycToum 11 paaopa 
TO'iHa PyuejiHH. He enojiywaa ram,, Tfl ce a6fyiA 
KWh MiuiaHa. Pvccha, cirfeflt teaTO np1>n.pii'f'. no pari 
sue na CjiHBHHua, o6i.pHJR ce othobo ao iiATp'laimiir] 
frwirapciiH iiojiHTUiecidi napTim u ryifb, ci, ajiaii 
ch njiyit, pasopa othobo noHBara, kosto i 
oiqi'Gneaa, cji1>aTj BT>3CTaH0BHBanneT0 Ha KOHCTiiTyinjjr 

Hafi-aapaBOTO cp'feacTBO aa ce iiitpa.iiisHpan, jfk 
CTBfiHTa Ha uh. l-iaTCiiGepra Ghjio 6h aa ce in.rup< 
butt, pycCKHTB oipauepn ua icnfi3(iBara naruiiihit. aa < 
MuON.'inanpa BOflcEiara. PyccKUTB annjiouaTH - itaro 'I 
THuaesa — yKopsBaTt hoctohhho pyccKHrfe u<pauepfl i 
Buirapiifl, ratTO He noCTAirajiH TfcH. Ajia HOCJri .nun 
ce oiipaBaaBan. ci. TOBa, qe t*. ott> TejrerpaswaTa 
BOeH. m. KHHai. KaH'i'ai<y3fH'h, pa3(5pajiH, He .Bncoia'n 
aanoB'bafc" BHaqa, ie Ta me nae on. nerepfiyprb. 1 
MaKapT, a MajiKO K'bcuo, hi, PyccHH ce iioHAin aa I 

ll|i;il:ll CAUieTO, a KaTO DOBHKa EBiaaai' BCUHCIITEC 

hii ua frbJirapcKa aiyiKfia Tona 3iiaqeine 3a nebs, 
6T.Jirape'r I; bt. eaiia BOftna, ciirypHO, me Saaati. nof 
aeiiii. H'i. HHTapeca na pyccKHrb alifiCTajin e ex Hapi 
i paffi) a B*Jirpajvfc. 
■l TaTHraeBT, 413, 



PyccKOro HMnepa-ropciio npaBHTejicTBo, ctbat> np-fcA* 
BnpHTejiHO cbrjiacHe Cb i^xOum-inrb Bhchckh h Eep- 
.iiiin.'Kn. ce o6i.pH*Jio ct> np^A-ioHteune: „Aa ce ci.Be- 
pain. nocJiiiiiHimiiTii iia eeiaKafb chjih, Sean. oTJiaraiuie, 
h<i KOiiiJicpL'Hmui bi, LJapHrpaffb, 3a ja ce ycjioBS&TO Ha 
eAiio ■n.JKflecTBBHHO o6pi.menHe k'lmi. abIstb crpaHii 
(B'LJU'Jipiifl ji TypiiHJi) ott> micro Ha EBpona, aa jta ce 
ii])K;iynpli,ui Kpi,ii(K]|jo,!HTne'L*o H-aa ce ciieqejw Bpbue 
3a BsewaHHe lia p-feiueHHa*. 1 ,) Abctphb, Pyccna, IVpiua- 
hhh ii Hi'ajiHH ce acnaaajiH aa uLaBp'tmaimeTO Ha CTa- 
pHS po;;L hii ii'tiuta-ra. 4>pa hii.hu, HLinap'L. h Aa aamnTfl- 
sajia o/BJiocTbTa na TypcuaTa Hunepim, b% Ghjiq iipoTHBt 
eflso „p1>3Ko noBpi.uiuiiHe ki.mt. eTapHfl peAi.". 2 ) Aur- 
jihh cxmo. JIopflTj Cann6epn iiHcajn., „kojikoto e bt.3- 
noaaw nn hc ce h3U'Bhh KOHCTHTynHHTa Ha He. PyMe- 
-iHfl h lVi,.Tirapufl, hi. an ce hck3 cjiMBaHBero Ha Tisa 
AB'B oSjiacTH uoflL BJiacTtra Ha (iff. AjieKcawapa" . s ) 

I hi i l.upilllaTa UL, I UplirpaAT. tTLpBa KOHCpepOHUHH 

■ in 22 i.rimwiBp, (4 Oktomb.) ciujHT't p-feitniJiH Aa HCnpa- 
TbivTL eaaa AeKJiapauHH a<> frbJirapcKOTo npaBHTejicTBo, 
rjyfeTO Ba aiHBHiTb, ie ro cHHTart orroBopHo 3a aapy- 
uifiiiieru na BepjinacKHH AuroBop'b ii ro nojniaHflTfe fla 
mv ce uoa'ihhh". MajiKOTO ft-feftcTBue Ha tobh 3anBJieHne 
itapa pycc.KOTO npaBHTejicTBo aa ce ofiipHe ct> hobo 
iihcmo ao cyjiTaua, 3a fla CBHKa BTOpa KoiupepeHijHH.*) 
no MH'BtmeTO aa pyccidifl [tocnaminK'b n't napuHct, 6a- 
pona MopeHxafiM'L, pyccKOTO npaBHTejicTBo cm-btb, ie 
n m.pBna aicri. Ha KOHipepeHUHfira TptCiBa Aa Sif^e na- 
TeropflnecKaTa nOKaiia na khii:jb A.iencaHApa Aa ce uoa- 
'iiihh ii n.mpHC i;i.m'i. itp-bahuihhh pe/rb Ha paOoTHrfc. 
Bi> cnyiafi 'ie KHB3bri. oritaMte, BTopufirb hhtb aa koh- 
(pepeanHH'ra me 6,RAe cu.mcue ct IJopmuma no Jtmptcu- 



') #pencK. h. Hii b. p. KT.KT, nocji. bt, Hapm-pam, 17/29 
1885. 

■) 4>|)«rt. nocji. hi, JIohaoht. an m. na bt>hk. paOorii. 18/30 
1885. 

g Tin-, crp. W4 — 425. 



mn> 3a aoenna etueKywa. Hafl-ceTirfe, TperflTa n nocjrfew 
TOlKa m.u G.Tifle, KOmpepeimniiTa ;i.;i ui'n.v. i.,i iwuT.iip'iiini' 

KUltTO LHP Cfi Dp H3HaH.il. :i;l ilrOMXii.l.iiMil no Bep- 
JMHCKHJl flOrOBOpi., I1U OTIIOIIIcnhc 1,19,1, llcTQHHS PyiJi 

jinn, np/fejrfc Hii.i.1, hb orpajKflaHae m i'i,vi.>>.im.<t,, " .'] 
BropaTa Kiimpepeimafi ce o.opn bi. U,apHI 

'24 OKTOMBpn,! (5 Hoe.MBpH.1) II Haf ;-,i;n,a la in IS (;)(>) 

HoeMBpafi. Ha btopoto sacfejuimie n:i KOHipepeimilflTH 
r. tle.nn r n,ni;i,, |>Yr<-i;ii, In, iiin'.aaminK'i. in. I |,apjirpa;vi>. npo- 
KBHacfl I'iina jywira pliHL npoTHifb cteaHHeHHeTO 11 s&- 

Bl.pllJlta, 'II? .Cl.BlaHaflHflTM Ha KIIHIpept'llUHflTa IK- Mil- 

r.ivn, fla miiiTi. .'i.p\ni u.i'ia.ia urmi-in, utiiiwut/iihioaHbeim 
mi r>i-ji.mnnrn;i t'loiimo/i'i, i/<iiutcenitn>H> npaeama na <■'/-'- 
minui i< (fhj/iMUHuniH wu/aiiuiunr m.vi n/nhdinniiiiii pi-ih, 

Hit Hll.llf'llllir *). 

Pyecafl fnuia Be'ic hii n*Tb Jia rbpreecTByBa, Ko- 
raTO, lia TpeTt'Tt) aarL:;iaHla_' IKi linihjii'p.iiimiJIT.t. ;mr,iJiii- 
CKHBTb QOCJiaHHHKT), r,V,|n. Vii, ||,)|,« I, VailTI,. ilpii.uara, 

le iip'hmi BCH'Jko TptfiBa Jia ee Hi'.upaTH 'liia amir'nia 
KOMMHCCHfl hi. Hi-TOiiia F'yMejiHH jta iiodhtu, fla Jia ra- 
iioio HacejieBHe me ce ctrjiacu k'lmx iioBptia.aBHeTo.d 
i'T.i|iiiii peai. Ha M'BtuaTa. Ha ieTB'i.pTOi'0 uacbA 

CApTi VhJIIjHM'Ii VaflT'L llpU, , l.-i,. , IW(tl.[ , h pjH.il.nl l<u- 10 lia 

Mara en. „PyccKi]"iTi.. iini-.naHiiHiri." itaaaa rofi ,n 
BopH 3a CTpeKeatHi-B (aspirations) iia iKaicnn I. lis Mr- 
T04iia PyaeJiHS. Hi. [saitiiii cjr t1j: ecTCCTBtrnmi - 
HCKycTaewHH? Ako rb a* ececTBi'HHH, to MUKetrb 
imft n,a npwnmmb, qe noapi.manneT(j ki.m'l cTapaH pfij 

lia. BfemaTa, hr:ci, Hull lla.iinl IIOfldfip'BHHfl, LIB"' HH fftl 

ropn u r i"b mrjiko hjih tmoro cuopomnofo noBTapHHae i 

nofloGaii CMyvunr?" ( l :ianu:a n aiu'.'iiijciiiiitTi. u ■t._i;m- 
hhi;-i, uaCTOHaa, iuoto nplsABapnTejmo x-i ce iiciipaTi 
CJi'bflCTBeHHa KoMacna in. Hctoihh Pynejias. 

B. Ilopra iip-fejtJiara oKoHHaxc^HU ;bi ce lu'iipar; 



'I Hnpp;v.iii|iiiii tuierpaiwa nn ifipe 
11/23 oimiHBi), ISS5 (r;ir IJ.i. 

'I ll|,07 

*2(i aas. 

•J Ta-r. 42g. 






. Hct. Pyu. exam KOMmiccapL, kohto, ott> uMero Ha 
y.'n';ii!ii a Eepona, na nonaim BaicHoepra Aa Haiiycne 
» BOficKari) en crpawaTa, yiipasjieHiieTO Ha itoeTo me 
[ftpf! Ha C^.IIinil ICOMMHCCapB. PyCCKHiiTT. nocJiaa- 

HejiHfloaT. cTaaa n n&mma, i ie np-BflJioateHHeTo 
llopraxa e „nnoro npaitTHino, Maoro pe^oBHo it 
wo H.UfiCTBHTe.iiHo (tres pratique, tres correct el tr<\s 
icacc)' TyifL ce aara aHTJiaScKHftrt nocjiaHHHK't, h aa- 
i HeroBoro upaBiiTe^cTBo He name aa ce ct.- 
Liicn ch Bi.3i.-TiiHOii.ieE ui eTu Ha npiJAHUiHHH pefli. iia irfe- 
. H. PysiejiHfl. ToBa aHaneuie, i ie KOHfpepeHnnflTa 
■ nowenie a.a meae ejtHo ojtoHWrejrao pimemte, 3a 
jto ce R3ncKBame nhjiHOTo emiuor.iacHe Ha jri>pHca- 
. V. HejiH^OBT. npou3nacn rirfeBHa p-tib, in, kohto 
rtpjifl BCHHita'i'a oTroBopHocib 3a fi.nASimiT'); CMyrOBe 
•pxy AmviHH.'J 

Cji'Ijai. TOBa e 6hjio ofiHBeHO eflHO aaciiflanne sa 
R66aTa,R/l8 Hoe.MBpHa, hl to ne e CTan*.Jio. Ako ho 
aHTJiHBcicuTo npiiHiiTC-JiCTBo fla uapajiH3npa pyc- 
;;it;i ji.'l;iii'i',iiio{.'TL u;i KoiKpepeHnwrra, Hamara CTpaaa, 
. OKynaruinTa Ha HcToqmi Pj'hcjihh, iirfcrne ji.a 6&ap 
i'l.jMk'iia hi, ciiyTOBe, uocjiiiacTBiiHTa Ha kohto Tpyaiio 
[ <■<■ iip-lij.ntij/h.'iii. Beat fla ce rjie.ua Ha TOBa, l ie koh- 
'peiiHiiura He aoflje no hhkhkbh ptraeaae, Typqua no 
iacTonEiaiineTi> iia iCTHperfe ji/hpaiaBH liciipaiii m. Iljiba- 
,tsi> ecpeHfleTaTa ApTiini. n rajmCi. n,a Kenan, ncupaa- 
laeTo aa PyuejiHH. Koney;iiirE pyccsH, aBCTpiiftcKH, 

.1 HTHJIHHHCKh' UOAKptilHJIH TOBa HCKaHlie. 

nicyjiinl; ancJinfici;ii h (jppeHCKH c& 0TKa3ajin .ua no- 
.pjKarb e.'iHa ficaauoiniii irapKa, Ttft iiaro KompepeH- 
e e BBeMajia hhkukki p-biuemie. TTo roan cjiynafl 

BffiGKHfl MliHIICTpi. Ha BtH. pa6. KaaaJHi Ha pyCCKHH 

^aaHHKii Bt n^oBfltiBi. „te e npomumo ko npoeotno 

lii.'apiiarL b'l Hcri'tJiHCHHe 8w6paaicaeMU nocTa- 
i Ha KowpepeHtiHHTa, kohto He e tfotujia ao 
;aKBO cnopaayM'tjUiie".") TypcitOTO npaBHTCiicTBO, itai'o 



VII n UOCjrfeaHbO 



13/26 



Be nojiyiHjio tn.rjiacaero iia Annum h 3>patmafl, He ce 

|iI.iiiii.ih ,1.1 VbBenp uoRcitzTk ch Bi> He. PyMe.iaa h ce 
■ i.iMu ch luiaTUFin'iL-CKaTa mocczh iia Ta-nioa 
11 ApTMHa. 

Mi. pyCJ(3Ta iiojiJiTima noaliHCTByBa Ha apyrok-fecTO 

0h < l.pfillll. ETO CMpUHMajlHHTt flOKyMeHTH, KOHTO 
IKiiisiHHan,, M PyCCHfl ClIOffBJlH, C*L Aliin'pHH, OlTOBOp- 
HOCTbTfl aa r|.'i,OKo-E'bjirapcKaT;t BofiHa. 

.Ha*). aeKJiapariHHTa iia uoc.iaanHUHT'E na irbpBaTa 
I l,:i|ihiipa;i.rKa KOHIpepeBitHfl 11 iiHiue r. TaTHmeaii ,no 
H^cTOHBaHaeTO h;i Abctphh, noihpMana mm I'l/muu 

TpliNHalllr flfl C6 JK'XBbpiH BCH1KIJ, KOeTO 6h HOMO BA 

i'.w,\.r buto, xamo yxopt ."' soeHHumtb npvtomqBJte* 

IIHH ltd I'hjiUUU II, MfiKAy Apyi'OTO uyMHl"fe: ,He CAHUO- 
,i.yimi:n:i ilium Ha BejinKitrB jii>pH!ami e #a ce iianpaBH 
/la C6 ynaviviina KBpa no BCUVKOmo ttpocnipaHcmao Ha 

r.;i,li;allr MIH IIOJiyOCTpOBI.*. 1 ) 

CkiqO TT.I1 no HCKaHaeTo aa Abotphu bt, BropiiH 
HHpny.'ifip'i. iia Ikipi-rra ce Ka3aa.no, ie .KoH^epemamW 

u\r i'i' c'bfiepe na ce 3;iHiiwaBa ucKAwnumejiHO ca IlimouHn- 

I'l/Mrjinl" . 

„Abctphh, name r. T., HCKaaie Kan'b-KaK'b Aa 
ui'piijiii Obpoan a m lie w. cTBCHABa bt, aefiaoTo, Ha- 
MHcjieuo ae'ie, HanaflcaHe Ha Euirapufl. Ci km ce cbiAu- 
i-ii 1'i/inui '7. imikwOii, <«' ii'i xtuffii'jirHHiitiiutt lht<Hn;ititnn- 
deopt me nodhpoica npnd*oaie€Huxma iW) 

Mb en) spyrh c.uiin. no yfi-BAHrejien-b (paim,. Bt> 

ll;i.1.l;r'li'|illcTu lt;i i':IM:i'l'a BOKHR (ppfHClCOTO npaBHTeJICTBO, 

U p» iff. iipluiyiiptiAU, iipliAJioiKHJio ,na saaBBiLTi. boot* 

(On !■ i i.|..i,;ii;ii, KO.IJieKTHBHO, Hi. LJ'Ii. U'| >;i. : l I., 'II: ,KBpt»DU 

■I npbHB m CyJtraHa aa sama-re cboh Baeajn> 
in. ii ,i|"iinn KHHBb". ToBa mo mem e fla cnjiama eepaoa- 
Hu Mibiaiia. 06ane, KoraTO {ppeiicKiifiri. nocjiaHMBKi bt. 
J l.ii p'iy [■! i. aanpanun. ui.npocHOTO npEAJioateane iia 
1 'iijm ■;!. iiu it,iHUHrb otroBypaJiT. ,w, Qplun bchiko, 
BBpom ipl.Mi^i .la Dp^flDHUje (enjoiguitj Ha KHuaa Ajen- 
euugtf .ui ce tii.pin.' hi. OoipHfl a caiio TOi-aBa KpaJib 

') TnTHiuem., ctp, *-*. 
'J Ibid. rip. US 



Mn.iiim,, i.iiin He me Eura hiik[ : ikt.b'i. nplwion. 3a uana- 
jieaiie, me ce ycnoKOH" 1 ). 

3a BHTaaeKTyajiHOTO yqac-THc Ha Pyccna bt. Cpid- 
cKo-E'b.'iriipc.KaTa Boflna e 6juio hsb'bctho cBoeBp'GMeHno 
fi'hJtrap. iipaBiiTe.icTBo. Eto ltaKBa TeJierpaiwa 
Cut. m. Ha b. paG. i'jihh IJauoBT. Rasa hbt. Ilnporb ao 
FaaocjiaBOBa in. Cocbun: JjoaBOirkie mm fls np'^utJiH*. 
*era TOBa, Koero ysHarb flHecb no cuopaayirfeHHe-ro Ha 
PyccHfl cT> Abctphh".-) 

Hi) TOBa ce Biimfla offie 11 ot*b no HaT.Trr.ujHOTO 

[OoeAeHHe tia PyccHH. Jlpsa-ro rnpn> bl HaR8e»iepaeTQ 

BoSaaTa He ncKatiie aa essue HHKattBn sitpica, aa Jta 

i np'Baynp'fejiH, cera, iuomt. kbto GTjjirapCKHrB boBckh, 

uifeoxs bt. FT apart., liSBejiHtAt paaBtaa .iHtiewiipiio 

liiuii'To Ha xywaHHOCTbTa n ophjyiora Ha senium"!) gb- 

lonefleitH jvbpjKaBH aa ce HaM-ECbRTT. n .boahhh orb 

l Ha qejioB'bKOjiEoSHeTO na. cnp.srt. i[pT.BOiipojiHTHe- 

toV) Abctpbh, HxaJiHfl h TepMaHiie ottobophjih yrBtp- 

;htcjiho He3aoaBH(» it HanpaBH^u HaeAiio c"b Pyccwn np-fea- 

:TaBJieiiHa bt, CoipHn h ETJJirpafl'L. Cjitjat. hbh jienn 

Mh text, ce npHCbejifliiHJiH 4>paHUnn. IH rul k*to 

jcTpaa H-EMajia aoB'bpneH'b yfr!;A l, TejiHOCTbTa na iioth- 

;, HcnpaTHjia KeBeoxyjiepa j,a oDJiaum BaiesiGepra ct> 

.aBCTpHflCKHTTJ ID,HKOBe". 

Ha 34 Maprb (5 Anps-ina) bt. L^apHrpajT. ce noa- 
i iiporoitojia, "jpTiai, kohto 6'bJirapcKHa kiikst, cTaBa- 
; reHC'p;uiT. ryGepHatopT, Ha Hct. PywejiHH. PyccHH 
lOflnaca to3h npOTCwojrb cp'Bmy (fiopMaAHomo <A>ihw,a<utr 
l Hjihj] Ubhobt,, ie EaTeMfiepn. me Gajie CBajicHt. 
. H3o6mo PyccHH HCKame aa GAfleMT, nofi-fefleiiti B'b 
TiOcKO-B'bJU'apcKaTa Bofina, 3a Jta HcnaaneMT, na Hefl- 
l MH^ocTb, KaKTO fluecb Hemacraa rT.pn.ua cjituvi- 
)CKara noC'BAa- 



la B. Ps.fi, 16/28 On. INS;,. 



'I *peH. irocjiaii. bi ClHTepO. i 

') .CeofifMa" Opufl 133. 

') U,irphty.ifipHa rejierp. Ha r. Tiipea oti 12/24 HueMBpafi. 



Ott. 9 aerycTi 1886 flo 2 «peepyap. 189G 

PyoeMM pIsiiiiiHa flii iieri'MHH pluueHiiero on: Chiuihhiie 

— rio.iHrii'iei-iiirro [(.Y.ci-jivic.i.-iiH) ii oTi'uWHiMiiCTi.Tit "" ''■ KupaBeaoM 

— OipHitepHTis ii TtxHHT't waneBpH. — il ABryirn.. — Pycco<p< " 
CKiiT.1 pec TUBpamui. — Miicc'iinm ir,i Kayjifiapoa 11 hht-osht'b 11031 
th. — PaaxiiHeHHrli Horn uemaf PyccHH h Typmtn. — JItfimim 
1'hhh Mewjiy PyecHM u Euirapwi eaueajia hh emirpaHTHTfe. — Bvi 
rapuKMrt BBHrpaHTH bi. I'vi-uhh ii hi, hi. uti> hshl. — Eum-pin 
rl;, [ivc.i'iiHHTi. iiapt ii Ei..ir.'ipiin, - OpusM* u;i PycCKS '"" 

poua. — PyccHH He co p*maBa,ia np'EAHa 
o6wf> — eEponeflcKa Boflna. 



IH,OH'h Kara MiiKftxm TpeitorHTt, h:i immjii'pi'iiui 
T.i h Cp^ficKO-Bi.JinipcKaTa BofiHa, pycttoTO 

CTDO Ce 3HJI0BH 0TH080 3,1 CBOHTa CTapa MC'ITfl: CBSJ 

HHe r ro Hii KHU3a. Girfeflii ci.eAiiHeniieTO u ljapurp. nun- 
i|>epeuinm, nocjTBAHHflrL frfcuie CTaHff.jrb bi, o'uni; ! 

pVCCKOTO npaBHT&nCTBO HaFl-HeHaBLH'THHfl lOB-blfb HS 08 

T3. pH'EB'bT'b 3K BCHIKHrB CBOH flHnjIOMaTH'K.'l'Cn Hri'.llr 

jiymi th np'biiacnme iia Hero, a, tlA na p ro napb AjieK- 
caHApt HI c'iM'i H0iLOi:p'li,i(.'Tm']ino pftKUBOjrfeiue pyC«M 
Ta BiiHHaiUHa uojiHTHKa h yc^Bmaiae Ha ce6e ca Been 
pyccKH fiecnojiyKH, to ii toh xpairfeine in,MT. KHH86 < 
ua iieiiptoAOJiiiMa ywpaaa. „nojiHTHKaTR Ha AaKHTCS 
AenapTaMeHT'b b'i. EiJirapmi, name r. TaTHiueB-b, ce i 
Aaiue if'bHi) TOBa: as aoctbthb oTCTpauHBiiHte'ro Ha 1 
3a AjiettcaKApa on. up-icrajia. . . 3;i a a yroflH en haul 
lieu*. 1 ) F. TaTameBT, Aaaie mhcjih, ie pyccKaTa Amnio- 
m;iii.ihi (iid'jieflHAJia Ha pyccK0-6"bjirapCKnrB othouKSI 
KaTO ne pa6oTaTa ce Kacae ao ,eAHH'b JiHHeHTi Ayejr 
ueiKAy pyccKHH UHnepaTopt u 6 r LJirapci(HH 

') TriT. 4il (en liaut lieuT.e.jia yrcuui Ha bhcii 
, i raeporopa). 




;m:u;i i'ji.]ir.i ji.-ih = oup Lr!;.'ii.'iia lip«_>i p:i mm;) ii;i -[.t.firniiie 

■ cjiyiiifi, ie flOcTKrHteue ubjibra en: aaroHMHHeTO na 

. ') lln'i trtiiasie mm naS-uajiKOTO Kau'bpeBHe ;i.a 

,tiTflH:i.iii-' p\rriLM'r;i ajmtjKwihhm "Th t[:i 1 1; < ,.r.i; iit fe h;i 

L'nfieTBfHiin iJieHoite, ht>, TpliSaa fta 3a6+,JTB- 

,'L, 'ie oCBHiic-HEteTO na TammcBa ne e ocauGarejiHO, 

I3"h rHMHT'li A-BflCTHHfl Hi] pycrKilTEl flHOJIOHa- 

Una an T03H i]c|i!i!i.i.i. na. i iwiiri. hcho ii iirnmni; uaM'B- 

pennfl. Ci, cuajifiH i'<> na numb EareMfiepra pyccKaTa 

iiii.iiiii.in.iiii HCitanre :>w i.it]'l[i'mo ii]iHCT.eflnneniieTO na Ri.. r i- 
i K'Mi']> Pyccmi, ci nsfrupanitemo na pt/eenttJi itapb 

: tfbAWpCKU KHH3b. ToBB CjTfeflBa m,pBO OTT> OfjCTOHTeJI- 

»oto, 'ie PyccHH lie HCKanie na np'BACTfiBn caofi 
IflHAai-ii aa G-LJirapcKnn np-BCTOin. Ho npocTaia npn- 
ihh, ie th civfeTiitije, ne ftijirapcrtaTa itopoiia naft-Xy- 
ibo ursine fla npn.rbnie ua causa qapb. Haft-ceTHti 
lacTOHBatran Pyccnn noKaaa Ha cm-buikhh h 
i iiiii;t>(iy HeH3B-BCTeaT. x:iu;. Mimi'pejiH, koSto lu/!.iuc aa 

, 11 TO CJ1MO Bp'BMeHHO, PAH HI. pyCCKH HHHOBHHK'l. 

. ocufiiiti nopAfKH 11 . On. ,'ipym cTpaaa, eaumrfe 6t.ji- 
IcKH cmh!', ;iiitii nponoBf.ABax.Y,, bi. ciiiuiTi. cy(Jeii;»i- 
OTt pyccKOTo upa nine .umbo ii'bfTiinuR, jihhhotq 
jTieflaaeHHe na fitjirapCKOTo KHsacecKO aoctoShctbo 
, pycCKaia nMnepaTopeKa Kopoirs. 
Hi. ii]i|;.i,ii sa MHiieiiTj in .in. (paKTHieCKOTO hhjio- 
iiie na <■ i.r*n in n rii. niiS ipLfiBa ;t;i uajKewb u get 
(MMiui np-feBpart na '.) Asrycn.. Nnfl Tyici. irfc- 
,ia ce BnymaMe bt. noapofiiioTo mv paaivie&Baiiwe, hh- 
TOBa na '."i/inTi]fna, kohto ro nocJvbABiiXjR., aa- 
>to toH n rfe c.i, tbcho cs'i.paaBH ct. .i/hnTejiHocTLTa 
■i,il'apr[;irii: iiOJiHTHieCKH iTapTiiii, a na TBXT> linn 
' |[[;ii:;im<> i'.'(no jipyro, cnenHajiao BSCJl-BflBaHHe. lljje 
■pamrniMi. ryiti. an uTG'JyrbaiHM'b G'br.no na h'bkoh 
tpanTopnrb, ci> kohto yeirfenmo cii nocjiyiaas* pyc- 
"l j],!iii.iioiia-ni. 
lin.ii.vn. HauiarB 'hiTaTi'jiii, 'id TOraflfl aa 'il'Jio Bfl 

irapenom Jiiinin rrpcTHo it QaMHpanie r. Ii. Kapajse- 
Toan ('n,.irapcifii AtpsKaaem. MissKi. a, Boate As, 

') Ihid. *al, 



— 23"! — 

h3mhhjrjih H-feKOJiKo riiftTtj h KapaBejiOB'b cc ne ce p-fe- 
maBajrb, T-b p'feiiTHJiH ca.MH Aa HasHan/firb 9 Aeryerh, 
KaTa nocji'bAHR AaTa. 

BTopHftrb (J)nKTopi> btj nplsBpaTa Ha 9 ABrycrb 
6-fcxiR o^Mi^epHTlj: BeHAepeBX, PpyeBt>, /],HMHTpHeB r b, Ba- 

30B'b H AP- flo IIOJIHTHKaTa Tii He BH>KAax^ no naTa- 
TbKb OT'b I'/RpAHTlj CH, KOHTO 61mie o6vi)i\\j\ r h BaTen- 

6cprb, KaTO # He rn HaKHHHJTb ct> nyacHHrfe opj^enH (oco6- 
ho 0HenpaBAain> 6njn> BeHAepeBb). BcHHKaVrb rbxeiib 
mothbi, Bb cT>6apflHHeT0 Ha KHH^b BaTcn6epra 6njia jihm- 
nara KbMT> Hero Bpa^Aa h. . . 3aiu,0T0 Pyccnn toiui 
MCKa. A B^jirapwa? T± Bb nero BpbMe cbBcbarb 3a6pa- 
bhjih B-bJirapHH. JXame r. KapaBejiOB'b, BbnpbKH bchhko- 
to en yAo6pi3Hne, kocto e AaBajrb npljABapHTejino Ha 

CT>3aKJlHTHHHHT r B\ Ce B r bpHi¥UI r b O VT> II'bpBOTO, CBHKaHO 

orb TpyeBa h BeHAepeBa, cbGpaHne, c/rkA r b H3ronBaHne- 
to Ha BaTen6epra, 3anj,0T0, iiHine r. KapaBejioBi,: v maMh 
ce uytiaxx. eunoea »da otcuetbe Pyccunl" m ue ce yy u 
6itK(i „da o/citetbe B^A^ap^lH u .*) 

r^aBHUTis ci>3aKJiflTHHii;H Aa BbBJibKiK/rb cjiIjat* 
ce6e ch ocfwuepHrb h lOHKepurb HS.Tbra.aii rn, Me C'bp6Hfl 
iu;e hh OTBapn HOBa BOHHa — kohto mojkc Aa ce np'b- 
Aynp'feAw caMO qptorh upHMupeiincTO ct> Pyccnn — h rb 
Aa>Ke c/bHHHHjiH eAHa (})a;iiHHBa anneTa, boaphh orb 

rfeXHHfl Cl>MHHIJICHHHK'b KailHTaHa Ba^OBT,. IIp'bT0B0pili5 

MesKAy oc^HnepnT-b orb eAua crpaiia h pyccKHfl BoenoH'b 
aTame bi> CocJwh, nojiKOBmncb OaxapoBi,, h Ha areHTCKHfi 
HaM r fecTHHK'i>, Boi'AaiioBa, e BOA'bvrb Hjihh D,aHOB'b — mii- 
Httcmjmm Ha uaiuiimm ewmumii paOomu. He ce 3iiae, 
KaicBa KOMMHOCMOiia e iio.nyHH.Ti. Hjihhmo e(|)eHAH, H'b 
He.iHAOBi>, — pyccKHMTi> iioc;iaHHHK'b bi. U,apHrpaAT> - ce 
XBajit.jn., «ie 9 ABrycrb cropii.Tb na Pyccna caMO 
;iO(),0()0 ;ieBa. 2 ) I la HOAioiijb Ha KapaBejioBa h BeHAe- 
peBa ha^xa orne cbeAMiiiicTHT'b, kohto bt» b. Obedune- 
nm>, orb 20 TOhhh h 10 IOjihh, otkphto BaflBHBax^, ne 
,,Aa ce noMnpiiMb ci» Pyccnn, Tpbfinn j\a ce ocboGoahmt* 
on, KiiH.ui, koiito e ;wo 3a cTpanara 4 ', h^h „3JK>to e 

') fl T'Lpno»cKJi KoncTirrymiH*. 1888 r. 6pofl 28, 
s ) K»Hi, 207. 



tcopoHOB9H&Ta r.nana, h KO&TO OTbpBB IVijirapini OFfa 

■|li:;m .ili'lllinTL., TOfl e Bfl ll;ii'i. Ilaii-n >. ihjil. 1 1 n IJHIMTI. II 

HofipOHtejiaTeJB.", Bt. sgpo rhcbo orb oxekrta. books, 
HCOpaTeHO on. Bwiinttoua ,'in M;i;inc;i|iun;i, ni.pBHflTE 
saflBHBR, ne ce cpiuquni et BeHflepeBa n te „p»&OTa» 

Ta Bi-liBH" . . . 

11, iMiii'Tuna, paCoTaw Hii pyccxara flunJiouaqHA 
tiimi.jiiti).. BaTCMfiepr* 6u&fi CBSJiftHii. PyccHH TfcpwecTay" 
aanie, ii i. iiMiidjji. ii. Ma Tosa Tt'patucTBO fviain' noaopuoTO 

BaaaHHe na KOJJ huh up-feffib pyCCKOTO ^aincyjH'Tim, iaii*Tu 

! i..iu;rii( HanpaBH nn ejiHHTi anaret, ftaaeirfc oil Kjb 
mi'htfi. Hi. H3ffV.piueHaflrt np"BBpaTis frfeme toakubb 6fi30- 
SpaaeHTi no (popuaTa ck, mum bob&toto orb ivikxiih- 

lill I i.lU'l-'ll BiV ('(.' Orn-TJHXA'., a Bl. taiMnTtf l:l'palla Mil 

niiBjiiiiii.ii ufmih ii|, i hi til. [lowfcflBa pycco4>o6eK»Tfl 

peCTa BpaflHH; KNfiUi.Ti. CB H'i.|>H,Y. H .r.ii.'U- !'jiyiiaiiaT;i timi- 

rpaiiua H»b Pycce ao AjieKCaaflpa 111, KOnyjo noa-bpfl* 
same KopoitaTa en uoao6ho nil ejma nanta, koato no* 
H-fipmta na jihiniia-ra CBDfl JKuwiTi.. A,H'i;t!iii;i|n. Ill 

OTTOBOpB, He i;i!fl3bTI. T|)l,i'iHii ;l:i rll l!l]iliii, HO6T0 H - 

vimiii ri. eropH, <-.i u.i i. kuth oeraftM tftno pel ■ 

Tyirb pyccKHTB mnpiint, <k y.-nnn 'ipl.ai. peers 
..-lll.llll'ra, BaXBaiHaTt H3H0B0, PyCCBfl J("ft(tCTBy8Btne H'l. 

ippoHTa: no o<!jmafKuiem flaoaowmivecKii n.y.ti. 
i ip'fe'.i'L fi't.jir;i|.n'KMrB i.-MiirpaHTB flpyro. 

I ' (hit- ::.iMMI[yH;illili.'l'M ila Ban i|(V|,r:i pyCI KOVQ 
IBHTt'JlCTBO npaTH HI. r.l,al;i|ata iinr|'a.l:i fm|inin, 

.. f In fi-_ 1 1, 1 tin ii ii. ce ami iii. BiJirapHfl, kutc 

'i i'ii.' i it. npateHHam. aa uapfl, I Itfl-uaiipftAl- eauoio 

.i.i Kiiy.a'u|":a, KttTO Iplsa ■ 
atH KONKH 

lUeillH- lla |ji:ji >uilnaia taan | «ti WOBTO 

ropemo samHTHBauie Pyo rb b na i 

IBTOHOMKfl. ' I. llpi 

i ch bt. BihirapaB sa [3 25 ' 'en 

I ■ : r ■ J L i ■ i BOTO I I'll 

... .1111,11 II. 
Ay.iiittc B*B KUBO Ba (Bit Mhr.'iia. 2) .la C8 CHCW 

. 



ri'BHHTii na pycCKata AHn.nuMiiunH" 6-bxjk c-bcpli/iOTOqeHH 
ill. H,:iplirpiiji,l. H BepjIHHT.. Ml. I l,a|.i-M'pa;n. PjfCCHfl Re- 
name ,'J.il 110,'iyVH ChA'tlfiCTBHeTO Hll llopTUTU, a bi, Bep« 

,111111, iioj.u|» , Biia , i , a mi BitcwapKa, aa .1..1 npoaapa cao 
n(" mi;i 1.. Hi. unB Hanp-BAT" pyccaoTo npaBHTejicTSo ua- 
iipami i';\ua Majma BaeeBpaj Cji-fcAi. 3aHHHyB&HneTQ ira 
ttayjlSapca to iipf-A-ioatu 11a nopTaia 3a Kaii,i.n;i,;, ■]■■>■ as 

(7l,.llilp('KI[H LipfecTQJTL Hlil.-nA I'll «HH3b MnHrpCJH.'HB, 'j 

L:cT>Y.nfianni-"i'ii Ha SuirapGKMfl np^cTo^i na raaa urbn* 

11,1 flBHHOCTb, BBCTS H3T. MeiKfly MHOIofipoiiUU'l"!; amiHT- 

cnii saBoae— pyecBH aeHciiouepti, Otme pasuocHjiaa tin 

iiniM'ii'KH kutu MHayBaHae tia E'LJirapiia nojri pycutu 
n. 1 . 1 c- 1 1,. &WirapCKGTO npttBHTCJICTBO, Ci luipKy.lH[Hl;n.. 
both aa HaHt'BtiHa ott> 12(24) AfKeMBpnii IS^li, dtim- 
80 etiJiacHtTO ('ii mi T.i'in KauAHAaTypa. ToraBa pyei 

HHTH .l.llll.liiMauilH liplvUKPlKH llil Ifopi'ilia opQeKTa naa 
iiciipiiTn lei. Ivi.^iiapna eflM.it pyccKH aaM-fecTHHiffc, raftn 
fta eaejte ynpaBJiewaeTo in. pAtffeTB ch h ,ta p&kobojoi 
ii;iHij|iin-[; aa I".miii.'ij Hapctfliio cbfipaimc, Koe'ro iiv n> 
6epe &barapci(H khhui., 11,111 tootifye no- pnitm mnpoea »< 
(rtMapcKUH npnemoAb. Typmm iip!;.i,ia<a e.imri. Koirrptii 
m|"h-i;f 1.. i'a^to .,Haii-!iaijpi.;i> 6'BJi'fiHf h, 46 Ahi'juhh, Ab- 
CTpua it llia;iiiji. DLU,t' np'Biin .la ce nu'iit.Y.i'i. np-ferOBO- 
jnn-|:. ..in. 111 fla |jlKi>'h[i,v, 1 I,, ue HthMa en npttejutwn mhiut 
pffWttU mmwi "."I ttaMtbcmwtm a* BiAuzpun. ITopTSTft) 
K&TO ce ipii/iin, moTo [""iiiHiiTb rpa chjih fla uanyr- 
HJRTt iiplvi.iniin'.'To '■!! pbuJCHUe 11 ome ,ia !■ 
i.iy'iaiiiinTh ri.iipdTiih.iiiuui n.i 6 i..u aperfe, iiplu^ara ua 

pyCCHOTO OpaBHTeJlCTBO r.il-' l.\ I.Y.miirl. li.-:Ml.HrHiin: I lupia- 

ra ja iia.siin'iii emopu khumccchu HaMibcmtttuth, kobto jta 
pafioTn iiai.'.i.Hu i ■[■ 1 1'ui'ji.i.n, EjmpoTa, pyccKH 

rlllili;:: 2) .MiuviulTa n.'i HaicfeCTHHHeCTBOTO fla 6*JW 
\]||.-|H.'.'.-ii Mt'lTt nn KHHHCeCTBPTO, 3a liOflTO 111 

tadvpOK* dm i m n tin. me FbCtfif 

,. KOeTO i;i B i!l.i:i II- IfCUWM WIj 

UpllCT-ttllBa HI. Mi-. HOB1I 113,'njill HI ft. II, 
■ \'.'\: lufilipa t'JHHTj 

ft^arapi-nii KHH3b on. jiucrara aa k 




II'.' np-feflCTaBH HaM-feCTHHIGCTBOTO. 5) nTJIHOMOIUHHTa HQ 

M , tcTiiii4ec'i'iiuTu jia ee orpauB^a aa wyw JKrtecw*. ') 

"■b roan aoinp-i, — ii|iijei(Tb Ha ftopTtiTa ooc- 
l;,Hi:ii';i RCKa, lliniu uaiii'lirniii'iri'Tiuvni fla ae 0* n- r ■ : 1 - 

■ pyocUO II ('■|,('T:im , Hi)iO MHHHCTepCTBt) ,i.;i np1:.H' EG BUS- 
icniKUT'li nspTHM, 11 iir L'iUio | jy< < ■ t ;< j i n jh ■ k; it;i . I'yci'.Ku- 
l 1 1 jtl m 1 1 < -,n* i iiu oTrosapfl cb eftBH hot;i, in. koato 

l-o PyccHfl omxttopjm tv|>i'i;utu np^jwowoaiie aa 
i HatrbLTHHiecTiju, kuto ttasaai ■*« 10 6a ttaflaao 
[inmpu|iniiiiii MAi'iiMiiui, 'j-n PyeCHH ncitn, iuoto pye- 
■i:iih MiiMhciiiHici. bi, BtJirapHfl fla mis uaimemHa u 

i.m.illil OlOflOtltl li|TI f-H'mUHMIHfMO HU H06)UI ShAiapCKU 

ia6itH&m a da w e dxbstceia, kbkto acita riopraTa, as 

KlJl'LpiKH flilfllJHIIll liilOHlk'Tb It.UI in, in. ;iu n.iTiiBn c«fe- 
it., 3-o PyccHfl acKa ume, iuuto Hsooparfe an B. II. 
'ijniniii' ,i;i rr H8BT.plHa.T1., MWk M*»MJ t<:'ir/>ti.r,. l\/»i- 
<n, in ililili i:\ln. ml;n .111 im.iii.iiii lau-lim nil iiii/iiimiiiin. 

:!■■ rocraeb, '■-ilu 1 ' i"i'i"i';inniii[i"in mi KaOMHeia, kskto 

I lloprava. 4-0 pyCCHOTO UpaBHTejlCTBO rnnii .III il.l- 

miiiuiii Hr.iiiuiinHiiiiiv i:i,niiiin;i!iiif mi. .iin:uiiiimi hh i,itn<lit~ 
tin iii urn a. jii KHn.ib, it-n Pyeciia hukji, inoTu nuu~.xtitMt\f&mt 

■/min. 3M TpilHHHUTO Hil UTJlUOMIimHJlTil II: [>yi 

i-.i't iBKt .i.i 6*«e HeiHpe irbceua". -) 

1 ; i ■ I . > .- i 1 1 l m i K'iMi'imipiin c* ii. Minima, neita ■ ■ l ■"■ li. m 
:i. caMO ui'unaT;i T6H ii'imnii Ha PyccHfl ,'i.a nciia 
rbCptflOTOiaBaHHeTo iia L.jir;ij>ii.M i ii n.'iaiiTb hi. |i,y,nl.il-.iia 

i caKQ pycCKO ikimLcthhmittiki. , : i.i BGtta C'I.(.-i:iHhiiiii.- 

■ nil 6ABU HUlC'lJOIHTtJlHiJ pW'liiJjIl.'ICliO HUBHCTepCTBO, 

urumaea, noli Tpfefiaa aa e nitu-in.iii.Mini cpoin. an 

CTucNiK'Tn N,i pyri'KHII MiMMJIt'lipl. HI. B'MU'apHfl H J>a 

otfrbrafi fla ftaae efltia jibcta aa ROHAajtaTa ua i'>i..iru[t- 

CKHJI nptCTOJlT). 

Pycciia ce o'maaBaine jp noKase ivmuh. ceptuusm 

i'lloij Kiiii.in,!;!! I, sa fd.JII ;ip(KilH lIpliCTOjTb — ft HO MllH- 



. l!)-il 



| e i: p j I. p n ii. t"iji. 23. T, r pun 



'i n. IS *eBpyapnn, Spoil 24, T. C. 27 CttrreKBp. 1887 r 
i e 6ai |i'ti.i.iviii^n:i aa ii.i|,'l:m:i bt. cxOfiora ii-i ]'i Ceo 

. ii hi. H'.i'h.iiMiK'i.. ir:. ::l', |iyi TKIiiil ,. Ill i.- I. !.■: -l:i ll.ll, 

I I 'iill.li.ll.iFlia. 




■■■, ;„....■ ■*!£ 
• S£ot»«.» 



! na pyct-i.'aTa nOJiHTHKa He naAMHiiyBiix*, n, :ia cx- 
iHHe, om,e AHoirt. ne iiajuwHyBai t= rbaa Ha eAMft 
ickh Kexan. 06aie, K'j.Mh. irbpBHi? ■jhctoc , i-i>jH!'h*h-i. >i«- 
it> ce npHTypMxm TfThpfl* cKopo BenqmirB ejieuenTH 
paaBEi.naTa, kojito Bflece rau'L pyccKHTfii. aBHaTCKH Jie* 
JTawt-HTi. Homtu bce'ikhtb t^h onnrpaHTH G-exa xo- 

6e3t HHK3KBH lipbp,CTB& H fla JKHB r BIil\T'h O'B.X.l. IlpJI- 

leHH aa nojiyiaBarb cy6cnflau H3T. pyccKHT'E iiocoji- 

a bt> E'fejirpaA'b, JJapHi'paat n Eyitypeurb i! orb 

■arcKHfl AenapTaMeHTb iptoh Cjihbhhckoto SAawmao- 

te.wo otHnecTBO. Ilpa rteB ycjiciBHH eiiiii-pniiTin l> 

-iuo MosKex* ;ia coaaHTi 'ihctotu na cbpjme'ra cm. 

BwcitMucTbia Ha ayxa, om,e croseTe, kuio ceaaae, nu 

. TOBa AyiiiHT'B Ha o^wirapcuirrK naieTBKami He 

. Hafi-IHCTHH KpncTa^i,. BeJtHI.MtT. ctahhjih tia 

i 6.iarncra nciBa, 6 r bJirapcKHT"B euarpaHTH najia- 

na^axffi, naAax* fieffb aa Cfcc* b-i. c-ll-iohhhc 

n:-t,nuinrtLT'h, aamoTO qoBtKii He MOHte fia ce B3* 

a coScTBenaTa ch Koea. T'h cicopo B3ex* jja rjie- 

Ha ceOe en, Kara Ha pycciin arenTH, kohto ci. ra- 

Kopc.TB.j 'ijcfeGBauie ^a B'LpBHvTb no BOJinra na pye- 

DpaBHTejiCTBO. T'B ce o6v.iMinHx.tb. it ce npl;Bi.p- 

B't. SeBAyniHfl aBTouaTH, n3-i> naweTbTa Ha kohto 

:e HCTpHJn> oTftOBna ofipaaa Ha ET>Jiiapiifl T kohto 

1 nuCTOHHHO CBTBCBaK* CI. T03H lia pyCCKHH Uflpb, 

Biifi ne c.Te "jcjih, lUT&Tesm, etmrpaaTCKBTB op* 

19 $e<ipyapuii t\ U Aaipcmi, hi. hub ni mane 
, KaTo i'H np'brjie/i.BaMe, hha ycBiijaMe cpana j,a 

leJIOTO IIH lipil MHCbJlbTa He rjpHHaAJIt'MHM'b iclmi. 

Hapoffb, kimt, KOfiro, yBiil c* npHHaAJiesceJiH 

TOpilTB H CbMHlUJieHHBU.nT'E lia 'I"E3H "iepHH JiHCTOB£, 

ho caMO ce yrBinaiiaMe: t"B3h xopa Q'fesa aa6pa- 
ie c» fi-wirape, BaiuOTo u caMara Bbjicapim ot- 
eyasine b% t'Bxhht'B pa3MnuiJieHnn. Tfc mhcji'Bxa 

i pyccKnn n,api. 
„3a HameTo iiapoAHQ a*bjio, leTeMii bij &p. 27 ua 
peyyaptia BaiKHOTO hl> e Eapona, He, KaKBO me 
i KaKBO uie name Eapona — a bbjkkoto e Pyc- 
KaKBO me UHC.jiH h me name PytxiiH. PjiaBHOTO 38 
: ;ia ce pexafiHJiaTHpaMe npfeffb pyccKHfl uapoffb, 



np'EA't pycciiHT-li BJiHfl'reJiHH Kpi&roBe, nplyu. ohhtb Ha 
pycciiUH vapt. Bchikoto apyro e camta, oGaam., fioim 
jiacpt." (Kyp. iia 19 &eep") 

II 'roan KynJien. 3a pyccKHa capb n ipfeT. pye- 
ckhh uapb e aaiciio'iCHiieTO on. bcbikh ctrthh aitrpH- 
(pHJiera it iioT(jnii:THii[m. II Momex* jih Apyro iilano m 
iihuj.t.t'i. TB3H BljcTiiHKapH? MoHfi>s.T. jih 4- K. nountn., 
peaaKTop-b Ha 19 &eap,, Peoprn BejiHKOBt peflastopi 
Ha 9 Amyctm, ixa HCKajKihrb enHO HeaaaucHMo n cso- 
6oflno MWEHHe, KoeTO nn BamiiTnBa BtjirapHa, Ht'fl- 
hhte HHTepecii h ;;a lie XBaJib&rb iia Bctwa CTJftmta 
pyccKHfl u,apb, Koraro rk nojiyHaBax* roji'lsMH cyiiMH n 
iticeqHHH :)a H3AaBaHne'ro Ha oboa b-bci'hhk'i, on. pyo 
ckoto 6yi!ypem,ciio iocojictbo? 1 ) Kujihoto h aa 6i;xA 
naflHAJiH aojiy, T-B3H recnoAa BapA-kxsi eaua najifs* 
jianencKa ■feCTHOCTb h t'b tie momex* A& He dhiium"!., 
ocB'EH'b noxaajiH 3a eflHHij rocnoflapb, KOuyro lifl'lij* 
xji'hSa. Kojikoto oTHBaMe no HaTafbicb hhthotu, KoeTS 
nafla* Btpxy AtficTBiiHTa na 6'b.irapcKHTB pyccotpmiH 
Bi. aewa enoxa me pacTe. Bp'BMei'O me arpae pojim'a 
Ha eAH" yBeAH^HTejiHo CTbKji.o. r^vEai. cbohtb paasnTH 
nyBCTBa Ha nan.nona.'ino aoctoAhctbo a iiojiiiTHieBita 
ap'BJiociB 6,Y,jt^rn!iTl; noKoji-BHHH i"i. yiKaci. me noiviejK- 
Aart uaaaA'h B-h rasa rbMHa enoxa Ha 6'bjirapi 

HCTOpHH, Tfl'BTO JHoOciBLTa lt'LMT, OTeieCTBOTO H HaD.HO 

HaJinaTa rapAorn. Ha G'wirapcium uapoAi ce Hspasji- 

Hiilllr in. uB'-H'TO pycClliJU-tJICTBO. 

Uoffl> BHyuieniieTO iia PyccHfl G'bjii'apciiii'rfc pyc- 
('Oi|tnjiii opraHHSMpaxa. eano ui'BA'b flpyi'o Haniiaainu-Tii 
Ha leraxa na IIoGaitoBa n BoatioBa. CiiJiHCTpeHCKHn a 
pycceHCitHH bochuh GyirroBe, yGaflcTBOTo Ha BwiitoBii'm 
h F)t.j]4t'Ba, ci^aifAHTHL'Tii TlaHHua n C-ie, bchikhtb 
T-B3U a'reHTa'i-H jiMax* sa utjib Aa XB'bpjinn. bi.. [Vi.ii ;i- 
pna Hatl-oTiaflHHO Seapeawe h aa aanapan. m. tobr 
Eepotia aa itpminimae ucin'»X't;u-iMa pyiCKU'ia naM'lica 3a 
KiaeflKAflHae eih peaa n 3aKOHflocTWa u r b Bi^JirapHfl. 

'] Btpxy rtsn ihaKTH a BaoCmo ao cytfcfl flimrt, nojiyiaBaui 

0T6 pyceoipHJiHrl:, rmii HMane HHOJKecTBO CWfeR*H"H| kubto uie ci- 
OOujum'!, n't flpyra Kmira. 



o6 
roi 

mi 



- iia - 

„PyccHH me np"bAnpneMe, name 19 0eepyapu6, 
ocjibAHHTa ch rwriuta BOHHa, me naime bchii.htb ch 
me pacjHCTB Befln.Hti. aa rhhath bchikhtb ch 
citetkh Ch I'lBjiona h ct, HcTtWi, Meatfly tbmt> th Moate 
fla n^Ka, sa fla ctuxwotJMmis coutHMn StAtape iia pbine- 
HueTO wa B'Mipoca at — ct BtaGyHTyBaSHe, cb naTp*fi- 
BaHHe Ha THpaanTB en bjih ct TaKOBa fl'bpateHHe, noemu 
da Haii/iaiM nem>3M03K-H0 ecii.uu npfiHA-eune <n> lii.vi'iinn' '). 
PycenaTa jmujioManHH He Moaca aa paaarpaaa po- 
.'lHTa iia ywiipH'iaopHiL'jib B r i. H'L.jirajiHH caMO orb cTpaxi. 
np-B/tt EBpona. HaacTBBa, xyKi. PycCHH Bwame uoflp-bat- 
Kara Ha TepManHH ti "PpaHUHH, Hh, npoTiiBb Hei* ce 

OOhBBXA OTKpHTO AHI'JIHfl, ABCTpilfl H IlTaJlHfl. 

AacTpiiH, iioHTo Hafl-naiip1ijiT> ce cbrjiaca Ha hs- 
leBaHHexo h,i kh. Baveitfiepra bl no ceTHEmHHTB DOjf 
BHra Ha Kayjitiapca iiawfepn aoGbpL Dp"Bfljion> hthotb 
cboh cipaiia aa paaiirpaBa pojiHTa as ynapOTDopHTejlKfti 
Abctphh OTCTSiiiBame tjp'fett> pyccKOTo BJiwmne csjio, 
aamoTO Stuie npimyaeHa, hi., Kor&TO cKaHAajii-ioaaoTQ 
fltjiwaHiie hh PycCHfl miiha scbhm rpaHnua, ABCTpua 
:ijiiH:n, ne samaTa e Hp-bnuiHeHtl h ne th ce o6bbhh;i 

npOTHBu HefiHIiT'E npeTellllllll Mil BflJIItaHHT'fc, 3BTUPT0 T"B 
aaiuiuiriBarl. COOCTBeHHHTB 11 HHTepeCH. J'Ulia E'l.JirapHJI 
o6iieflHaeHa, liiiuieuie Pester Lloyd, He3aBiu'HMa on. 
PyccHH, OTroBapn hh iiyiKflHTi; aa BceeBpoueflcKBfl mrp-i,: 
eaaa EtJirapnn, aairUHO Bacajiaa Ha u,apji, Chcraanass 
eflHa Taitaaa roa'BMa onacHoeri. a flajtte *paHn.HH u Htb- 

J1HH, H3ODUJ0 BCn'iKHTB BeJlHKH CHJ1H, KOHTO MMilTb HHTO- 

peca Bb Cp , ban3eMH0T0 Mope, 6h ce caaioySiiJui, aao Tfe 
TLpiibY.ri. eaao hoaooho afew,o*. x ) 

np j fea r b CeriTeMBpnil 1887 r, Kbjihokh Bt aejiera- 
Uhhtb 3aflBBBauie uaTerop.mecisii, ne ntuibTa na aacTpo- 
yHrapcKaTa WhumemB BBitwama na Hctoki. 6n.'ia Ra ce 

flOCTlirHC pa3BHTHL'T<] Mil aETOHOMHflTa H3 Ba^ltilHCIIHT'B 



1H *eBpyapnft, Op. 23. 



II. Odcia ii, Bpasaa I 



ATipjKaen h da ce nonpnvu mi noimio u da 6uao dptfia 
dipucaea da Moxe da iu mypu nodi coon npometano} 

Ha jipyrara rojuina ciiMinlrb aBC'rpii,"ienn nsniepa- 
TOpt HCKaaBanie cfloera oTEtpirro yao6p , BHae na hobhh 
peat bti BiJirapHH. Ocb - bht> TOBa, u-fenaTH eBponeflcita 
npecca ropew,o npOTecTHpaiue npoTHBT> pycciiiiil. tipe- 
reRUHB Ha BajiKanHTB, npoi[iB"b Bi.jiHi-'HiiiiTa Ha Kayji- 
6a pea H eMvirpaHTCKirffe komn.iuth. PyecHH Hiiinipniiie 
noApi>HtKa caMO B'b BiicMapita, ht> h toh cKpmo nowara- 
me Ha AscTpHH. Tosa 6iime Bb Ayxa Ha HeroBaxa aboh- 
CTseeHa nojiHTHKa Ha „yoiiropnBaHne n npijycHropHBa- 
Hae (Versuchermli und Uhei'VLTsiidiprime)". HwuiiipaHa 
h 6eacHJTHa PyecHH rpiiaeuie c* oTiaflHiie BepiirHrfe. ct> 

HOHTO bR CBtp'JBaXifi TpaKTBTHrB If XB'LpJIflllie Had (JT- 

'uiiiHii aHarewii no aapecca na „noxiiTHTejifl* ifiin:tb 4*ep- 
Ahhhha'I'- Hiina tu He MOMieme jia HanpaBH e^na BoeH- 
Ha oHyuaima na E'wtra pun? KtM-b 'ruea THKax* pyccKG- 

TO lipaBHTeJU'TBO CJiaBflHOCpHJlHT* H 6'UlfapCKHT'l; I Mil- 

rpaHTH. ') CameTo iKe^aeme n cawOTo pyccKO iipaBH- 

ITancTBo. ,.'liin!i: j .ii>jTn Ha reHepajrb ABpaMOBim 6kuio 
aaffle Be^e roi'OBa bt> O^eeca aa OTDJiasa, in. 
Tyirb ee ncnp-biua eflHO orb rb3ii ,ia - , kohtobt. hcto- 
pHHTa arpab^Ti. po-iBTa hb seji'ESHH'JHaTa CTp-fejiKa, koh- 
to m'Ehh iis.Tfl Ha Tpeiia. Pa6oT»Ta dune tum'l, ie Pyc- 
cbji ce KBipjifluie B - b ejina rrpanJHa aeRStYBCTHOCTb, H3i> 
kohto ra Moacii'Uie ^a HMi-feae noG-BflerejiKa, hi. ciuofi 
a uofi'bfleHa ii cna3atia aa aybJim flecexa/j'tTflH. PycCHa 
ce 6oeine on. e^Ha BceoGma BoflHa. 

*) Va. HnrepneJiauuHTii Ha Xcni|niuri. 1 1 Hayapttfi [888 r. 
(CboCoab, 6p. 117). 

') OayiiaaHHTiL Ha EmrapHA oti. pyecwrrB boAckh, korto 

5 ropemo wu-ianx* n BiiKas* euurpaHTHT't;. urfcuie M noseas aa- 

iiiiiinr-iip mi. Tana ee npn3HaBa ii urb cauurfc pyece. .Monce 6h, 

oaynanHHTa liu Ghjis nptaupiTeTa ct. lfbJii. aa ce rmsopH in. Biji- 

rapan apyiH peat.; no i-bcno aa ce ratpaa th ci. Pjcchh, n p o - 

■'iptiPEi pycciiao6Jim'it, ynpsBJaaaHa 

u a l p a b o on p y c c (t H 'i n ii o b ii h ii u. iHipuiiTHu c ;i.aiKt, <fe 

OKynanuaro, a«o riairfcme, to rid hjth iik;iiii,. On im aosevia ao 

TBBB pasBpicaa, ,tuBi*Jia na Cii aesoflait. Moatefiii, HeciaiiarejiHu on. 

caxara aorSKB "u i"i.OiiTiiina". T:niirij'-ui„ cip. 4S2. 




„He e ffi-asjoiKHO ,|a ce Aooycue, HHineTaTHmeB'J., 
>ie npHci.eflflHeHHeTo na E'LjirapHa k'lmtj Pycciifl Moate- 
me fla ce H3Bi.pujn 6ea\ a-ljiSokh o.Tp'feeeHHfl, 6en o6- 
I eeponci'icaa enuiia, Komo'c'LB'Lpiiieiio 6ii BUffon3M'B- 
jih TepinOpiiMJiHRT'h OTHoincHiia ua ttcjiHit-irl! AtpJKa- 
Eto Bamo He caHo caMHflrL aiwfc Ha apHCteflHHe- 
uneTO, at, oases nafl najii(uTQ HanoMiiflBaiiiie 3a aero 6h 
]]p r liAH3Biiitajio aoL-Hiio CTTjlBHOBeElHe Meatfly Pyccnn ( 
enm BTpaHa m Ahtjihh, nofl^paoHa ott. Abctphh h Fepr 
lamm — on. Apyra" ')• 

Eto hh ouie BeAH-LarLcuaceHH otl 6jiaroAaTHHflri> 
aHTaroHn3M't. Ha EBpona ct Pyccnn. nocjrEAHHTa, qaKafl- 
i SjiaronpnfiTHOTo BptMe, npOTeCTHpame npoTHBt hs6h- 
paHHe'ro Ha kit. t&epAHHaHAa, nporecTHpanje npoi'HB'b 
0)KeHBamieT0 My, aamOTo BepjumcKHH KOHXpecch «e 
op-fcABHJKAajrt, ie fruirapcKaTa akhiicthh e nacirEflCTBeH- 
ToBa t« upaB'Buie caMo Aa ce MimyBa Bp r BMero, 
ip'E3T. Koero „6i>jira peris Tp-bfiBame Aa ce onpaat&n. 

BT> COSCTBeilHOTO CK MaCAo" . 




no iici<;iriin?T(> ua 

i> nponycHs Tii3ii Toiiiii 

i at6bxhixmn. ome, l ie aaiiiHrmtEt'i. ua Be]>, koh. PyccHfl 

o bt, EtJirapKH, a y ccfie en ru Hapywauaiue, KiiTu ii]/feB'f.pH» 

iaTym. bt, BoeHHo iipauTarnime, mop-fewi IpopirajinoTO uh o&fcwa- 

i Bepjiiin-b Jia ro OeraBB, cBoGofliiu— TtproacKO. 



TjiaBa ^eceTa . t 

llpMMMpeHMeTO 

HOBOTO [I])HMIi|)HTeJlHO Te»ieHHe BCp'BJl'L pyCCKHTa AHUJlOMaUHH. — 
llpH'lHHHTB, KOUTO 10 HOpOAHXiR. — AjieKCaHApt III. — Kh/I3I> 
4>epAHHaHAT> II HerOBaTa H30JTHpaHHOCTb. - PyCCKOTO TT>p5KeCTBO. - 

BpT>maHHeTO Ha ocfmnepHTE-eMHrpaHTH. — Pyccua, Bi>JirapHH h 
TypuHH. — PyccHH h iiAe>iTa 3a BeJiHKa BwirapiiH. — PyccHH bt> 
MaKeAOHHH. — Th npiJAnoHHTa, iijoto ManeAOHHH Aa cTaHe no cnopo 

aBCTpuficna, He>K*ejiH 6T»JirapcKa. 



IIo/i;i> BneqaivrfeHHeTO Ha HecnojiynaTa bi> E'bJira- 
pHH, BTb cpfeA^Ta Ha pyccKaTa AHiijioinanHH ce noflBH 
eAHO Te*ieHne npoTHB'b AOceraiiiHHfi cnoco6i> Ha A'fefl- 
CTBHe. HaarfecTO jj,a co npn6 r BrBa ao frhjirapcKaxa eMH- 
rpauHH, kohto ce nonasa nan'LJiHO nccnoco6iia Aa npoH3- 
BeAe eAHHi> np r bBparb bt> Buirapiin, — B'bnp'feKH yBi?- 
peHHHTa, qe h-bjihh 6i>jirapcKH HapoAi> e na neflHa CTpaHa 

— a ct> cBOHTb komiuioth h y6HHCTBa cawo AHcnpeAH- 
T«pa ome iiOBeqe PyccHH b-l oqnrE Ha ulsjm EBpona, — 
MHoro no xy6aBO me 6&ne — crara TOBa Aa cnony^H 

— Aa ce Bjrfe3e B r b npaBH CHOineHHH cb 6i>JirapcKOTO 
npaBHTejiCTBO. KaTO He ycnlj nojiHTHKaTa Ha khh30- 
tohctboto, He e jih BT^Moama apyra CAiia nojiHTHKa, 

KOHTO Aa HailpaBH TbH, IH.OTO JIHHHOCTbTa Ha KHfl3a Aa 

H3ry6n bcbko 3naqenne, h;ih, Aa ce H3pa3HMi> cb AyMH-rt, 
Ha TaraujeBa, Aa CTaHe rbfl, moTO n jmmwrh nplsAuo- 
MHTaHHH Ha KHfisa Aa 6^a^ti> ejimr\> BTOpocTeneHeHi> 
4>aKTopi, ii Aa ne MOiTRTb Aa BJiHHERT'b Ha xapairrepa 
Ha pyccKO-6T>JirapcKHT'B OTnoiueiiHfl" . Hena caMHiirb khhbl 
ocTaHe, crura Tofi Aa A»Ae „no.inmi(uecKu lapanwm* , l ie 
H'BMa Aa cjiymn npoTHB'b HHTepecHrb na PyccHH. flo 
cera pyccnaTa AmiJiOMannH ce crpeM'fcine nsBeAin.HCb 
KbWb MHoro h cnojiyqaBauie bt> MajiKO, Hena cera o6bp- 



nearb Tii3H nOJiUTMKa, ueira ce aaaoiwiiiMT, R'b ntpBHn 
MoweHTL aa e;i«;t no Majiua, hi> enrypua neiajiGa, nena 
xypam 3;r,paBi. kojti-. bi. fri.jirapcwaTa 3CMa, a ocTanifc- 
;ioto me aoflae, caiio bo 0«6e en. 01. Bfrfeken). 

TmIIHIHHUTU lip-h.HOTilBHTliJIb Ha TH3H HOJlHTHKa 

6*fcaie hmphho r, TaTiimeBT>, koBto anecb n.fl Jiio6e3HO 
npnCiR(ATByBa rsi. IleTepfiyprb tta MojieoeHHrk n Sanae- 
THTfe, aaBBBH in. qecTt aa kh. $epflHnaH£a. flpym eauin, 
iHic.r[::|on:iTc.'ib na Tf&B liailiTIIttii ohuie KHHSb JfoGftHOW, 
OcB'fein. tobli, iioe^'tiAHiiflri. H Maine HHTepect aa 6i.paa 
aa Mens, aa k;u,-b;it" n ad l ' trtna, EiJirapHfl noab 

CBOC> BJIHHHlie, 3H[H.OTn, FlpJl 3a6'hp!taHOTO llOJIOHCeHHe, BT, 

Koero ce uaiwipa Hcro'iaa Eepona ott> lempo tojihhk 
Hacaw-b — QJi-bui, CacyHCKHTB EUiaHBTP. - th Jjoaceine aa 
CTawe MHoro onacaa, bi pflurfcrfe n;i Aiirjum, 3a py6- 
GK irfc niM'Epennn Ha HcTOirb. 

Tbbh AB-fe ii[in'iHhiH: (pnaCROTG H;1 pyccoipHjicaaTa 
svmpamfl on eaaa ctpaaa a apKeac«HTfe cKSbtha oti. 
Apyra, Cbaaaaoxsi bi. pyccaaTa aun.ioManafl eauo 6jiaro- 
apnnruo ia rrpHHRpeHHero TefeHae. 

Hi. Tyieb ce HBnaauie eflHa ii|i[;'iiia: JMPOiOCTbTJ 
na Ajiencaujipa III. CamiaTHffTB h aHTHiiaTMHrfc Ha to3h 
pyccBB napii HjiaxA m/ibuo siia'tenw? B"b pyccitaTa, .jihi- 
ho on. Hera psitoBoaeiia, Bi.HKamua muii-niKa. A 
toh 6-Eine nCi-RflHJii. kkjisb. Oepaaaneaa tin CBB^Sam 11, 
naTO ce n«a npfja'ij BHflii HeroBHH rwijaiiiKii xapaKTept, 
A.iieKcaHap'i. Ill He on ce minora cbrjiaciurb aa ce no- 
Bfepfle on, piuieHHeTO en. ,'I,Mii.'ioii;n'M i i<vi;[ni'. tt.hkocth 
6-fexffi aa nero 'lyncaii- lit IJKb opnaiimaTn iiopaSoTii 
3a macTHe aa pycenaTa AH[[jioiian,HH n Ha KiiH3b <Dep- 
aHHawan. AjieitcaHapi. Ill, y«p*b 11 n.Y.Tbrt aa'iipmrnpeHHe- 
T0 fi-Biue OTBopein,. Kii)i3b i'epaiiHaiia'b, kohto oraaBaa 
Koinrfieme Aa craae 3aKonein. HHflab na EtJirapHH a aa 
HBia aocTifin'b ao eBponeflcanrb ABopose, Bjrfeae p^mn- 

TeJIHO Bb HOBHF ll.YiTb, KftTO lip'tliece [I eAHB -lll'llia 

HtepTBa: nORpmafUNTQ na nptecTOJioHacrruaHnita. Ht 
TOBa c* KBJiKti ipopMa.'iHocTii, 11 He bi. rbxi. Jie«B npii- 
inHaTa 3a npoMEiiara aa pyccKBTa noAHTHKa, ;i hi, ho- 
boto eojIhthhocko TdfiHiie R'b Pyccnn, 3a KOCTO TOBO- 
piixtie no rop'li: aa ce iiaiipaBH oiun'b aa ce DoCTOnH 



— 2iti — 

■ipliU'i. mi. (iJeiannaiUii TOBa, kocto Hanp'fejvb uucJr£xA 
jta BQcjanuRTb ("i, HeroBOTO cBRjiflHue. HascTHHa, W 

uiiflBb <I><'p r nnm,n,Tb He ce RBHen nuecb np'bfl'b pyccKaTa 
,i.;iii^o.M,innfl ci> HeoriHTHocTLTa iia EaTeHoepra. Toft aoHe 
bus npt.,11, OMvcrfe ch yponnrfc im hhhjrjioto. Ht. nun 
on. BT.npuca, ,ia jib .tIlVtbiitc'iiio BtpxOBHaTa B.iacTL 
eif oTjiBBa flofipl; cii'bTKa aa cbobtb nisftcTBHfl, u.a xa 
tb am Hyafflara T-bHitoctb hm paaCiHpaHne ypon.in-1; m 
MitHSiJiOTO, onaciiocTbTa e Taut, ie Ktiasb ( IV|uniian,'it. 

6 nm.iUfuDO: 111. CBOHTB BtHKaiflHH A'lifiCTBHH TOfl Hafi- 

ivi.'ibho ee iicHUHpitpn orb ce6e ch, a orfffejiuara JimiHocTb 

Ce UOatlBa Tia BC'EKaifBH JIHHHH CTpaCTH H yBJI'BieHHH. 

Maoro fecro th ce mate n B3ena caon jib 
BCiTPKckb BHrepecT, :ja HHTepecr. Ha aapOAa, a hhtg- 
peca Ha camia iiapoai., Ha aerosaTa HeaaBLieiwocTb, ce 
aa .-iii-iiiua n H3ry6ea. Koraro 03.ua non-junKa ce oficaiw- 
;i;t otl Miiuro Jinqa, HejiocTarbUHTB 11 Yu.rl;'ieiiitara 
e,iHm"fe me ce ypaBHCiBiicbSTi. ct npoTHBHOnojioHtHMTfe 
naiecTBa 11a jpyniT-fc h, bt> peayjiTarb, me najvb'ae no- 
cT,Ti[iKaTa oCHHCJieHa. Tt.kmo o6paraoTO iiajiina, Koraro 
.wiuoribia e ii;io( T.'iHrHa casta Ha ce6e en. A Heo6Mnc. 
.'jeiia iiocTAinta, koato aiiraimipa r.uuri. u'lvn. naparj,, 
e ea.no rpOBHo ntficTBHe mjiiio ci. Hafl-TeiKKaTa ot- 

rOBOjllIOCTb. 

llunnft ni.irajM i;n rpa>b\'ia[[HH-i. He 3Bae, CI, ItaifBE 
U-BHa e ayneuo npiiMitpeimeTO. 3nae ce canto ejpOf i< 
i". ToAopoB'i. — cerammiflTL muhhctp'l Ha iliitiiaHi'inir! 
— noiaro G-Eine ct ,i.cjieraunm'a bt> neTepfiypro. 3aaBfl. 
Bauie 11a pejaieropa 11a Hboocmu, ne Bi.Jirapm] una 150,000 
cbjuaTe, kobto me Cibunsrh bo. ycJiyni'rfc Ha Pyccwfl. 
II'i., bko cawjirB AeJierarii up!; uarax,Y. xaKOBa irBHa 3a 
rjaaroBoaeHHero 11a PyccHH. nocjilijiHfiTa, khto upoaaBai- 
i;a, rp I'.niia aa e ncKSJia iimee uojiyiiiJia naut.pHtJ mho- 
ro noBeie. I 1m:i jm chiiii soeHGH't CT.BR31. tteway Pyc- 
EHfl 11 Bi^rapafl mm ne? Tobb imfl trfepaaiie, 6esi ia 
KOMeii'b ^a i'u ;unca.iBa,Mi' .i.oi;yin.-n ra.uio, H'b O'TeBHAHO e 
enao, ne npHMHpeHHeTo orBopH qthobo nop* 
iiirl. mi BtjirapHfl aa pyccKaTa aaifbca in. B.v.Tp'tmHH- 
it. mi pa6oTH. Biepa Pyccmma uanome 40 ;iyum cbuh 
"uiiaiiii i'n..ir!ipn;ii) oipHUepH, flHeCb HeflHHHTb areHTHHT. 



i e^na Tojierpa»MM mi (J, TlGmepbGypcKUA 
•tbdoMocmu, iip-fene'iaTaBfi tn. Hap. tt-paea, upiit'ATCTBy- 
i Ha anchitaHHHTaHafi'b.irapc.KHfl MiiencTepcKH CTiffferL, 
;aKTo BL cJiaBaara enoxa Ha PeM-inmeHa npncvrcTBy- 
Bauie Xhtpobo. Heyi'OflHHT-fe Ha Pyccna mhhhctpii: Ha- 
i TleTpoBT. LiocjiBflOBaTejrHO 6-fex*. HexB'bpjienH H3"b 
Ctohjiobhh KaOnHeTt, a e^mo Heyro^aara Ha PyccHH 
pajiocjiaBiicTKa ;ra6epajiHa (ppaiiH,Hfl fli.jira Bpfjiie He m,e 
6*a^ flouycH*Ta no BJiacTfeTa, kohto me aaewarb nyj'fe- 
AF1 HPKR ApjTH, mhofo no uajioqucJieHHVi, H'i» pyccoipHJi- 
ckii ippaKurm: HiinnDHiiciJiTi; n KapaBejincTHTB. Hb hhb 
ewe eera eABarb t)b HaiajioTo na pyccKOTo BJiHHime b*i. 
B^jirapnH. Bt. cawaTa CHJia Ha H^maTa, aito BeaHT.Hrb 
en e npo6H,io n*Tb pyccKOTo BJiiiHHHe y Had., to me 
pacTe on jbeHb iia jamb n, cjj'bat. tt&to 3arpa6n bch'i- 
Kara o6;tacTi> na namaTa ffMncamHa iiojiin'Kita, to me 
ce nofirapae aa ch cbaAafle -n BiRTpiauHii rapaHHan, 'ie 
nojiHTHKa He me ce hsm-ehh. H cjtbjti. TOBa npn 
■LpBOTO MescAynapciAHO cTi.^KHf>BenHe imfl me BJiliaeMi. 
Han'bJlHO BT, pftlVBT'B Ha PyccHH. 

Zlrfecb, bi. itbjiht'B Ha pyccKara.nojiHTHKa bt. Et.ji- 
rapHfl me 6a.Ae Aa hh b»aii BtB^isneHH btj eflna noftna 
, Typqua h aa H3JVB3etrb nofi-BAeHH. Toaa me ycKopH 

. H'GKOJIKO rOflHHH HefiHOTO AT3JIO BT> B'bJirapllH, 3aiH,0- 

i Torasa huh me npanafliiewb Ha Hen — iiuao6ho Ha 
PT.pu.nH 6eai. nn nptnejKaBaMe bhcokoto uamioHajmo 

[OCTOUHCTBO Ha rpT-UKHH HapOftlj — II Tfl me HH lipH- 
TECHH SApaBO DOffl. HOlfpOBHTeJIHOTO (.'11 KpHJIO. B'l. TOB3 

i HaM'Bpeime PyccHH iicitycHo ch cjiyiKH cb MaKeAOH- 

KHfl B-LllpOCb. 

Hwa pyc-CKH aamiiTHium bi> B'bJirapllH, kohto BTjp- 
tarb, ie Pyceiia ncita cbSAaBaimeTo na eftHa RejiHKa 
~ -Jirapna. iji, ttjbh pyecaa 3ain,HTHHini HMan, coji-emt. 
(OOCTartKT.: t-e He qeTain. pyccKHT-fe bbcthhuh. A, ryieb, 
■anpHM'fep'b, Pi/ccnm'i empnHHtan >< Ainnuueapui/n bt. Ho- 
! BpejHX, MuTB'fceB'L BT. CBOflTa KHIU'a (crp. VI11 — IX), 
ce ocMima c^maTa Taau HAea Ha B Be;iHKa Bt-irapHa". 
"laAi, Ta3ii iipoHiia ce Kpa~e A'tflciBHTejinoTo Hcejfiiiine Ha 
pyccKaTa ahiuiomsuhh Aa fie bhah hhkoH n*Tb Bij^ra- 
ihh eAHa cBJiHa h HeaaBHCHMa fl-bpHKBa. TaitaBa es&a. 



- i: ~ Ha Pycciifl, samoro 
- • *:' ;s Hew\ u He me mo- 

. - - iTtHR. HaOiiilKII, e;ina 

oto iwajia Ha pyo- 

. . .■: ouplj/vinifl it pyccKara 

-« s fl. J[a oejiaCn B'i.jira- 

. -^ .K^a^e cpi.6ci(aTa upo- 

. . iiH 6h npb;mo<io.ia ;*a 

: . rvftcKa in. bl hiikoH c\?iv- 

. ..•. .-.-.HUOTOH K'LM'l. H h.liapilfl. 
V.'f. BJIHflHMeTO lia PvCCHfl 

>;i naAtij&.io, rial Karo 

, .. .M'b HeHR 3a OC/^mOCTB- 

; >.irapnfl. Haonahn KaKRO 

■-. .i.;o cphmy HSB'fccTHa irk- 

-* v\m MaKOAOHiifl! ToiaBa 

■ a«.v>K*a iia Abctjuih, n;e ce 

'.1.1: ivia Ha aBCTpo(J)o6iTBOTO 

•.:.. v, .v :*ain,o ci>BC'bM'i» no e 

..-■...'- i:t;oTHMiri> mime (KaKTO 

•«■.•■ KHM'tiAneTo CBMyK;i,aHHe 

; H-iv-.i ia ii3;ri380M*i> Ha Co- 

-\ v v-u*iitivihoto e KAcoiYieA- 

■ ■■■» ..-< vsari. rh.m avmii, 6o:vh 

• in.- i'Miirit.Ti>. 

... ■■•.i.-ii-s <*di'nu>. 



3aKjiK>ieHHe. 



rfcnia intern ira xopara n xorHKua h:i Hbuinra. — I'enrpaipHH Ha 

jyeeicaTa nojmTHHa. — RUM TjrMfea an e Haoiern nrweaeHHs k-mtl 

- llotM-bACTeiiHTii aa Miici n :<n Eepona ml e&wm. koh- 

iTyiinciK(!Hi. np-fciipaTT, bt, Pyccim. — BajiwaHPiiH riBJi,, — Ttp- 

na eBpiKieflcjiaTa aennKpamtH. — Bt.pbok-i.t'i. mopbjCb, 



..Bciiikhtb nammH boahrtl. KhMi. Pnnn." n bchh- 

jVBftCTBna Ha pyccifara no;iHTHKa coiffiTT. >■■ .■.■■; i. 

[apHrpaai.. Toaa He e ejiHO 3aK;iioieHiie, naBiifteHO orb 

,HK't qacTHHCHi. (pann., a npc>HCTH4a tn ,r b ctBOKyu- 

i bchikhtb .'liifiLTBiifl Ma pyecKaTa ^Hn.iioiia- 

m. KaKBO BiianeHHe Moi^n. fla HMan> aa Hcropiwa 

icifpeHHtirb 11 ihcto <n.pfle<HjHTti yaiipeHHH Ha toot bah 

i pyCCKH /npiKaBPHL tUfiXb, B.1H KOpOHOBaH'b TJiaBR, 

i PyccHn He mmoh 33BoeBaHB0TO hu EtJirapiiH? Ho 
icoko on. cyfieKTHBHurE Mucin h lyBcraa h;i jihhho- 
?urh ctoii iieyMOJiiiMaTa Jiormta na H-fcmaTa. II hl> l' :ih 

JJJXfliUl [U&TH HO y6-ft;(HTeJlHO, Orl. CbJIBBTfe lia ll^KO."! 

ivccKi! n:i]ib npocroTO ot6 - b^ , B3 Bit line Ha itacTAnaTejiao 
tyccKO flBii)KeHne KtHi. U,ap!irpaAi- Orsop-hje napTaTa 
i nor^eflH-tTe na cbaepHHa 'jepHOMopcKH Oj/brb. IIptaH 
" ;aTepHHa II PyccHH BJiajiTjeiue Ha tosh 6ptji"b ejma 
a. Bchiko iia 3anajvL on. Eyre, h na nc- 
l> on, easa iiepno/uiKpHpira jbhhh, ;iHra*ta on. Xa« 
iHpon., e npHHaaJiejKPJio na Typuan. Hi. eii.no CJr&A?> jipy- 
i on. Bo0Ha aa BoflHa, Pyccnn e pasmBpHaaJia taoiiTfe 
■:iiMii|ii. Ha hctoic-1, Td saMa^-SBa nocJi-BAoBaTCJiHO OiaK- 

. H HOCJlti irfijlHfl KpHMCKH HOJiyoCTpOBT., TH MHHaBa 

inaTa Ky6ain. h np"i>3T, nocTBAimTa pyccua TypeKH 
ifiua rrnra lain. BaimiijiuitaTa aojihhb. Ha 3anaaHiifi 
pHOMOpciiii opin. pyccKO-TypcKaTa rpamma e fiajia 
i-Hanp-BATi no p-feKaTa 'Eyn,, nocirb CTaea ptinaia 
icip-b, no ceTH-fe Ceperb, llpyn. n .UyHaea. Beat n* 



sw.'Jt :m;: ; i;i.io uoTru Humo Ha HepHOTo Mope, Pyc- 

'iH » :ifi»: ■i\ , . , I't 1 iVOlSUJ.apKa Hil UOwlOBHHaTa My 6p r BTO- 

* ' i-i Mth.^ a.iiui ivKU'ra pyccKa rpawma h IjapH- 
■ -p»; . ■ \tiiu •.» iHa jiBima - ApMemiA, a MejKAy Erjpj- 

svih'i.i- : i -iMiiiiua ii Uapnrpaxb BMa Apyra HBHija — 
'»■.. i spun -Bi%.ih u iaH . loopy, wa). 

I • • ^1 n*-h ubiilib CiR. Ha PyocHa noAT> pAirfcrfe. 
<au|L> vh oe eupfc ia ru B30M0, rfeaii ab-b Haft BajKHH 

i: .■:!i 1 p»:-UHM ;iBilIUi« KOI*aTO IttlOHHO TB KR HSBOXCAarb 

i.-. . ^i-iii pa is. >a KoflroTH e aaBiaxBjia bcii'iko ao tbxi>? 
r ii,i . loruNara mi caMara iiOTopnfl Ha caMOAtpacaBHa 
:i \n.is. t ra.m ;ioniKa He e bt> cbCTOAHHe ja ce n3- 
Mkim -ipii nart- toopaia bo.ih Ha efliiHi> pyccKii ijapb. 
U\iksv o HauiOTo nojioacemie? KaKBo Tp1*6Ba A*t 

;»» - :L4|l>|«. mill? 

1 1 * i •> r b Ha Pyooiin icwrb IJapurpaAt MmiyBa 
p!i.j!. l»!..!rapjM. hv la cTaBaMe HeflH'h BoeHemb Mocrb, 

• 1*.... :4iu»a,;». ho o Bb Haiiinfl miTepecb. H3.iB3aHHeTO 
,.i *\i\.is us Uapurpajis aHanii 3a Haeb iiojiHTnqecKa 

wi-i'-K, MitHyVilli'OTO Ha pVCCKIlTls BOftCKH Iip , fe31> Bt^.I- 

..jii.i -ivo :mahsi ukohoiiiiwckii naiuaTa CTpaHa, a Haft 

-.ujwuiMi' -.*, 40, a\o pycoorfc b;i+3^ti> oiije BeAHi>HTb bt> 

^suip.i... tow iwii ii.m oH3n nplviaorb, to tb Be^e 

.v ^v i,sLi.i.'iVK. Mufl rpfcuBa Aa paafiepearb, ne onac- 

.v\ ■■*«.. i.i H.U S li 10 OTb PvCCHH II K'bM'b HOfl HHfi 

. .,»;..; ^.i ioviiit*. o iiut onoTOMaTimecKa 0T6paHHTe.iHa 

.,.-......».;. '».uo a 1 ounpaMO na BCIIIKII Bpa5KAe6Hii Heft 

, .u, ..i,., ";■•. pa.iOiipatiuoTO Ha Taaii iicTHHa e cnace- 

»..» <. ..; !i"»-.'i ipMH II paHO 11.111 K'bCHO Ta3H IIO.lHTUKa 

.^ '.v-v -vMiii.iiiara na iwibmoto 6ojihihhctbo Ha Ct^ji- 

^i s \»vi. No.ikoto uoBone HHfi Hanp-feABaiie bt> 

. .vk.%i"»- vw iM.wnnio H oo iipiiHHKBaNC ct> Ayxa 
i. .* . ; .h% \ -mi u c booo. tara , to.i KOBa i io Beqe v 

.V*. ,.^v . • .^' vV MM|.|R;i HCe.iaHHOTO A» CO OCB060- 

v . .v ;.»»• iotxp^»n iv.u-TBo, 6n;io to pyccKO iijih 

.»».. . -i^x.-i i.i HiO.'iaOMb iHl\V OT'b B0U«IKO C'bpAUO 

s . xi .uiitui .uviuTiiMooKa iipoai'BHa bi. Pyccnn. 

% . \v ■. ....^...Mitui th napb ua;iH0 Bb HeTep6ypn», me 

. s, ,„ «-v» 'mv.ii, »a ivb.Tb CB-ferb, a c^mo T-bft 



i na SajlKaHCKHT* /vtpiKaBii. Orb eaea KOHCTi-rryuiirmHa 
i fleMOKpaTHHeeim PyccHfl m-ifi He ce oonsrb. Hafi-jioma- 
joto, KoeTO Moace Aa nil nocTHnie ToraBa, to e aa cra- 

HeMt pyccKa iipoBHiimin. H r b, noraTo bt, Pycciin me una 
eiirb, cBoGojia Ha cjioboto h 11a nenaTa, gn£ me 
maMe aaitoHiiaTa BT>3siOiiiHoeTb jia ce 6opn*n> h aaua- 
iKMi. GBOBTb npaaa, a& ce paaBHBawe cbooo/iho. riu;i,a- 

iinem m pyecKHH napii3Mh \n,e noBJrfeqe wbjVh cede en 
lajiaHiieTO Ha Typmifl — ano flo Toraea to He crane 
lOfli) Taaa hjih oaaflii cp°s |1|a ~~ rskto 11 aljioohh uojih- 
■H'lecitn peuojuomui at TepMaHHH h ABCTptia. !IunacTiui- 
Tpnrfe Than HMiiepHH — PyccHfl, AacTpna 11 

TepHaiiHH — ce itp-feiiHiTi. BBaBHHG. 

ApjTO CJ1HO 6jlal'OlipnflTHO OOCTOfiTejlCTBO B'b OT- 

SpaiiHTejiHara GopGa npoTiiB-b PyccHH 6n Ghjio ctHua 
fiaJiKaHCHHT'B H'tpHtaBHUn. Htaa HBKaKBii aoGpy;],- 

LaHCKll H UBKeflOHCKH B'bUpOt'H, UHaieHHeTO tia KOHTO 

HaAMiiiiyiia cTpaiuaaTa onacHOCTb, kohto aanjiauraa 
laseAiiHemn-fc 11 BpawAyiamM 68JUHHICHH AXpHcaBH. 

Hafl-ceTH'B huh Tp'bSBn jta atfcaaeiw. ripacecTBoxo 
i fleMUKpHTii'iecmiTE ejieMt'HTH bt. Enpona, saOlOTO hhA 
ai<? BatfipBin. bt. Tbxi, e/uiiiT. HCKpeHT. h ne3aaHTepe- 
lOBiiH-h aamnTHHKt Ha cjiaGmii h ppHTfeeBeaHTt, 

Bcuqito TOBa hbh Tp*6sa «a mesasKb n fla «B$- 
ehmt,, 3a Jta ycnrypnM'b eaMOOTOHTe-UHOCTbTa Ha CTpa- 
liiTii ch, TyKi. e/uiu me CHHTaTT. cboh Rum, 3a Hcn'bJi- 
B6HT), a Hpyrn me npofli.JHKaaaT'b HeycTpaiiiHMO no Ha'ra- 
-bKi> fla oc*meCTBflrb BejimtnH Hjieaji-b — iiKoiiOMiiiec- 

DTO H COUHaJlHO OCBOGOHCJieHHe H3 HOBfiqeCTBOTO, K1>JTb 

;oeTO, ciirypHOCTbTa 11 HeaaBHCHMocTtra na oTtiecTBOTo 
I e^Ha MaJnta ct Anita. 

K P A ft. 



Ho BaiHE urn lorpta 



cmp. 


Iped* 


uaneuamauo: 


da ce ueme: 


4 


1 


06cT0HTejicTBaTaciR 


06cTOHTe:;cTBaTa cjr 


5 


15 


BdlHKO 


BCH4K0 


6 


19 


XpHCTHflHerfe 


xpHCTHaHerE 


10 


12 


Up-BACTaBHTt 


np-BACTaBHT'b 


13 


2 


auocratie 


autocratie 


» 


34 


Bruxellaes 


Bruxelles 


» 


36 


Fepuewb 


XepueHt 


16 


4 


KaraKa.sa 


KaTaKa3H 


» 


20 


npHeTO • 


npHejiaHHeTo 


» 


21 


np-fe^HMeTBa 


npfeAHMCTBa 


18 


38 


Hhkojih 


HHKOJiafl 


23 


37 


cbBnaflerme 


CbBnaAeHHe 


» 


4 


C'beflHHeHHT'fe 


ObeAHHeHHTE 


24 


18 


np-fecnliAyeMa 


np'fecjiliAyeMaTa 


25 


5 


nanHHij 


naHHHT> 


25 


19 


eAHHT> 


eAHHT> 


30 


32 


Bl>3JIHpTHTeJIHHfl 


noA03pH r rejiHHH 


31 


11 


CKJIFQ^BaObeTO 


CKJIK)4BaHI>eT0 


32 


16h17 


KaH.sep^HHrb 


Kafl3epjiHHn> 


32 


29 


IILlflXCKHfl 


HLlflXTCKHfl 


34 


13 


np-BCTOJioHaejrfeflHeTo np^cTOJJonacjrkAHeTa 


34 


33 


KOfiTO 


KOHTO 


34 


35 


Cy6cHAHHT-B 


Cy6CHAHHT r fe 


35 


12 


HMeTO 


HMeTO 


35 


36 


Illustree 


illustree 


36 


8 


paBHonpaBHe 


paBHonpaBHe 


37 


29 


ITajinia 


Ilojima 


37 


30 


rpaacAaHCKHT'B 


rpaMCAaHCKHT r B 


38 


37 


HeereH 


Heeren 


41 


27 


Ilojima 


ITojiina 


41 


35 


upn 


npH 


41 


38 


MapTOHCt 


MapTeHCi> 


42 


17 


caMo 


caifb 





ped* 


HanetamaHOi 


da ce temei 


43 


6 


na 


Ha 


, 


10 


cc 


ce 


44 


15 


Hofrfejui 


j\o6iim 


, 


25 


HOH'bpma 


nojii^pata 


45 


24 


Ha 


ue 


4(5 


34 


floroBp'i. 


jinroHopii 


47 


12 


ypj^Mpa 


np"b3npa 


48 


31 


OTfipflHllT'LJII!a 


OTSpamiTejma 


„ 




n;iii;i.;i'n.',]ii:i 


HanaAfire^Ha 


48 


35 


4l|)aHHHH 


<li|i;iiuiim 


52 


33 


HO/l.po6nO 


I10flpOf)HO 


53 


,6 


nana^-b 


itaiia.Ti. 


55 


19 


(i;|l.pn;,rie 


O.U'ljplEIHTe 


59 


2 


Bn:ia]iTH3M'i. 


Bw3aHTH3Ml> 




18 


yptMHBHTE 


npO^HBHT'fe 


63 


1 


dfjasaHTiuii'M 


(paHTa3HHTa 




27 


H't-p. - l-'DOpJlftCKHT-fc Hi.pftOBIIO-OHOpJiriCKIlTl'. 


68 


4 


ffi.CTOpeiKtHHurl) 


Bl.CTOpHfeHHIITii 


75 


4 


npiifli. 


II pirn. 


77 


26 


Hi'.. in mi'. 


11 CflHHTt 


83 


19 


aaaanao 


flanajnio 


•J8 


36 


yHHTOHceno 


yiimnoMteHO 


99 


25 


Hepojui 


iiapo^n 


108 


6 


IliiKurafl 


Haitojiaji 


106 


16 


e,nn:i" :uiKM 


c.lHii M&JtKB 


B 




Hhkojibhh OHcita 


HiiKo.iafi noHdta 


107 


28 


HH 


W 


161 


10 


aHnti-BCie 


a Hafi-Bi'He 


164 


4 


iinroHiiafiHeTo 


H3l'OHBaHHeTO 


166 


9 


iyM OII1HHHT1. 


qy MOHj.Hiift'n. 


177 




frfeme ejiHa 61am' no3Bo.nena, (VJjihp e;tHa 


, 


18 


Tfl BOUMM 


tji e BOimjia 


178 


22 


flfiyjipHfi 


•teBpyapnfi 


t 


29-30 


noAn[icnyH,uuii"li 


no/tiincaBUJH'rt 


18H 


31 


ncitoBa b*l Bep- 


KCKDBa HI. liepJIHH'b 






JIHH'b ;\r Mtime 


npaBOTo fla hosM 


„ 


33 


aejieraTH h 


jtejierai'a 


182 


13 


EaTeM6e[H"i. 


BaioHfifpra 


, 


17 


pHAH^ep-h 


Fuji are p'b 






Kay36epcT> 


KayjiGapci, 



cmp. 


pedh 


uaneuamauo: 


da ce uemei 


» 


22 


enoxeTa 


enoxaTa 


n 


23 


KoHflapa 


KoflHflapa 


183 


18-19 


qe nojiHTHKaTa Ha 


qe Haft HeHaBHJKAaHHTfe 


n 


27 


PafixcTana 


PaftxcTara 


n 


28 


3aflBaine 


3aflBHBame 


185 


24 


B3eMajn> 


e B3eMajii> 


186 


3 


IIIyMH Mapmja 


„IIIyMH Mapnua" 


» 


18 


no3HaTH 


Ha3HaHH 


187 


29 


EBpona 


oti> EBpona 


188 


26 


MHHHCTpa 


MHHHCTpH 


189 


17 


kbAto 


KOHTO 


190 


17 


HH 


MH 


» 


19 


KOflTO 


MOflTa 


» 


24 


JlecoBaft 


JlecoBOfi 


It 


27 


CKyina 


cjiynia 


193 


32 


KapaBCJioBi> 


KapaBejiOBi> 


194 


5 


KoflH^ap'fe 


KoHH#api> 


196 


30 


np'feflaaeHa 


rip-fe^a^e Ha 


199 


35 


yB'fepflaBJi'h 


yB'fepflBajrfc 


201 


6 


Cifc 


ce 


205 


1 


Hfl 


Ha 


» 


3 


BTjJIKaHMT-fe 


B'LHKaUIHHTfe 


210 


10 


0Tan>in> 


orrarbicb 


217 


28 


Kayji6epci> 


Kayji6apch 


220 


28 


25 


25 


226 


• 27 


ececTBeHHH 


ecfrecTBeHHH 


229 


18 


TepMaHae 


TepMaHHfl 


n 


21 


npHCT>eflHHHJIH 


npHCbeAHHHJia 



-*#- 



* 



3 6105 041 453 114 



66 
R34 



Stanford University Libraries 
Stanford, California 



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